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Relationship therapy

Max D Wellenstein, Karin E de Visser
Owing to their tremendous diversity and plasticity, immune cells exert multifaceted functions in tumor-bearing hosts, ranging from anti-tumor to pro-tumor activities. Tumor immune landscapes differ greatly between and within cancer types. Emerging evidence suggests that genetic aberrations in cancer cells dictate the immune contexture of tumors. Here, we review the current understanding of the mechanisms whereby common drivers of tumorigenesis modulate the tumor immune milieu. We discuss these findings in the context of clinical observations and examine how cancer-cell-intrinsic properties can be exploited to maximize the benefit of immunomodulatory therapies...
March 20, 2018: Immunity
Meagen M Rosenthal, Erin R Holmes
The integration of advanced pharmacy services into community pharmacy practice is not complete. According to implementation research understanding professional culture, as a part of context, may provide insights for accelerating this process. There are three objectives in this study. The first objective of this study was to validate an adapted version of an organizational culture measure in a sample of United States' (US) community pharmacists. The second objective was to examine potential relationships between the cultural factors identified using the validated instrument and a number of socialization and education variables...
March 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Yuanqin Yin, Jingjing Cai, Fandong Meng, Chengguang Sui, Youhong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of miR-144 and CEP55 as well as the influence of their interaction on the cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle and cell apoptosis in breast cancer. METHODS: In this study, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA, ) database was used for microarray analysis. The expressions of miR-144 and CEP55 in 40 adjacent tissues and 36 tumor tissues were examined by western blot, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry...
March 21, 2018: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Jinghuan Fang, Yang Zhang, Ning Chen, Jian Guo, Muke Zhou, Li He
Medication overuse headache is a disabling headache disorder. Withdraw treatment plus preventive medication may lead to a better outcome. However, the effect of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor on the treatment of medication overuse headache is still unknown.In this study, we followed up medication overuse headache patients diagnosed at the West China Hospital at an average follow-up duration of 1.5 years to analyze patients' outcomes and relapse. We used logistic regression to assess the relationship between patient medication and effect of withdrawal treatment...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Timothy M Rawson, Esmita Charani, Luke Sp Moore, Mark Gilchrist, Pantelis Georgiou, William Hope, Alison H Holmes
BackgroundC-reactive protein (CRP) pharmacodynamic (PD) models have the potential to provide adjunctive methods for predicting the individual exposure-response to antimicrobial therapy. We investigated CRP PD linked to a vancomycin pharmacokinetics (PK) model using routinely collected data from non-critical care adults in secondary care.MethodsPatients receiving intermittent intravenous vancomycin therapy in secondary care were identified. A two-compartment vancomycin PK model was linked to a previously described PD model describing CRP response...
March 20, 2018: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Selene Pozzebon, Aaron Blandino Ortiz, Federico Franchi, Stefano Cristallini, Mirko Belliato, Olivier Lheureux, Alexandre Brasseur, Jean-Louis Vincent, Sabino Scolletta, Jacques Creteur, Fabio Silvio Taccone
BACKGROUND: Acute cerebral complications (ACC) of veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) are associated with poor long-term neurologic outcome. We described the role of rSO2 monitoring in detecting ACC and desaturations and their relationship with poor outcome when employing VA-ECMO. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients monitored by cerebral frontal near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) (CAS Medical Systems Inc., Branford, CT, USA) during VA-ECMO (November 2008-December 2015)...
March 20, 2018: Neurocritical Care
Eboni G Price-Haywood, Wanda Robinson, Jewel Harden-Barrios, Jeffrey Burton, Todd Burstain
Background: Opioid prescription drug abuse is a major public health concern. Healthcare provider prescribing patterns, especially among non-pain management specialists, are a major factor. Practice guidelines recommend what to do for safe opioid prescribing but do not provide guidance on how to implement best practices. Methods: We describe the implementation of electronic medical record clinical decision support (EMR CDS) for opioid management of chronic noncancer pain in an integrated delivery system...
2018: Ochsner Journal
Ran Xu, Xuan Zhu, Fangzhi Chen, Changkun Huang, Kai Ai, Hongtao Wu, Lei Zhang, Xiaokun Zhao
Background: The abnormal expression of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), such as microRNAs and long ncRNAs, often contribute to the development of cancers. miR-200c functions as a tumour suppressor that impacts the growth of bladder cancer cells and the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). LncRNA X inactive specific transcript (XIST) is highly expressed in tumour tissues, promotes cancer progression and might act as an miRNA molecular sponge. This study aimed to examine the relationship between lncRNA XIST and miR-200c and to assess their functions in the regulation of the stemness properties and tumourigenicity of human bladder cancer stem cell (BCSC)-like cells...
2018: Cancer Cell International
Jonathan T Ma, Christina Tang, Le Kang, Judith A Voynow, Bruce K Rubin
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) airway secretions are abnormal, contributing to decreased clearance and a cycle of infection and inflammation. CF sputum properties may predict disease progression. We hypothesized that sputum viscoelasticity and clearance abnormalities would inversely correlate with pulmonary function during exacerbation and that sputum properties would return to baseline after therapy. METHODS: We collected sputa longitudinally from 13 CF subjects with moderate to severe lung disease during both clinical stability and exacerbation...
March 17, 2018: Chest
Yoshihiro Ueda, Jun-Ichi Fukunaga, Tatsuya Kamima, Yumiko Adachi, Kiyoshi Nakamatsu, Hajime Monzen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of a commercial knowledge-based planning system, in volumetric modulated arc therapy for prostate cancer at multiple radiation therapy departments. METHODS: In each institute, > 20 cases were assessed. For the knowledge-based planning, the estimated dose (ED) based on geometric and dosimetric information of plans was generated in the model. Lower and upper limits of estimated dose were saved as dose volume histograms for each organ at risk...
March 20, 2018: Radiation Oncology
Sean P Riley, Vincent Tafuto, Mark Cote, Jean-Michel Brismée, Alexis Wright, Chad Cook
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine: 1) the test-retest reliability of Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) Work (FABQW) subscale, FABQ Physical Activity (FABQPA) subscale, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) Pain subscale, SPADI Disability subscale, and Numeric Pain Rating scale (NPRS); and 2) the relationship between the FABQPA, FABQW, SPADI pain, SPADI disability, and NPRS after 4 weeks of pragmatically applied physical therapy (PT) in patients with shoulder pain...
March 20, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Mijanur R Molla, Alexander Böser, Akshita Rana, Karina Schwarz, Pavel A Levkin
Efficient delivery of nucleic acids into cells is of great interest in the field of cell biology and gene therapy. Despite a lot of research, transfection efficiency and structural diversity of gene-delivery vectors are still limited. A better understanding of the structure-function relationship of gene delivery vectors is also essential for the design of novel and intelligent delivery vectors, efficient in "difficult-to-transfect" cells and in vivo clinical applications. Most of the existing strategies for the synthesis of gene-delivery vectors require multiple steps and lengthy procedures...
March 20, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Masoumeh Nemati, Naser Ajami, Mehrdad Asghari Estiar, Saleheh Rezapour, Reyhaneh Ravanbakhsh Gavgani, Shahryar Hashemzadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Ebrahim Sakhinia
BACKGROUND: To date, 4 classes of histone deacetylases (HDACs) have been identified in humans. Class I HDACs are zinc-dependent and NAD+-independent enzymes, and include 4 isoforms closely related to yeast RPD3: HDAC1, 2, 3, and 8. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to quantitatively evaluate the expression of HDAC3 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and to correlate its expression levels with clinicopathological parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We characterized expression patterns of HDAC3 as class I HDAC isoforms in a cohort of 48 CRC patients by quantitative (real-time) reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Javier Jiménez-Candil, Ignasi Anguera, Olga Durán, Jesús Hernández, Javier Fernández-Portales, José Luis Moríñigo, Ana Martín, Paolo Dallaglio, Loreto Bravo, Andrea di Marco, Pedro Luis Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: Among implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients, a substantial proportion of syncopes are due to fast ventricular tachycardias (FVTs). In the experimental models of ventricular tachycardias, the arterial vasoconstriction plays an important role in recovering the arterial pressure. Since beta-blockers increase vascular resistance, we hypothesized that beta-blockers could reduce the occurrence of syncope due to FVTs. Our objective was to determine the relationship between the beta-blocker therapy and the incidence of syncope in FVT (cycle length [CL] 250-320 ms) occurring in ICD patients...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Siti Noor Hajar Zamrus, Muhammad Nadeem Akhtar, Swee Keong Yeap, Ching Kheng Quah, Wan-Sin Loh, Noorjahan Banu Alitheen, Seema Zareen, Saiful Nizam Tajuddin, Yazmin Hussin, Syed Adnan Ali Shah
BACKGROUND: Curcumin is one of the leading compound extracted from the dry powder of Curcuma longa (Zingiberaceae family), which possess several pharmacological properties. However, in vivo administration exhibited limited applications in cancer therapies. RESULTS: Twenty-four curcumin derivatives have synthesized, which comprises cyclohexanone 1-10, acetone 11-17 and cyclopentanone 18-24 series. All the curcuminoids were synthesized by the acid or base catalyzed Claisen Schmidt condenstion reactions, in which β-diketone moiety of curcumin was modified with mono-ketone...
March 19, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
Michael Lehrer, Anindya Bhadra, Sathvik Aithala, Visweswaran Ravikumar, Youyun Zheng, Basak Dogan, Emerlinda Bonaccio, Elizabeth S Burnside, Elizabeth Morris, Elizabeth Sutton, Gary J Whitman, Jose Net, Kathy Brandt, Marie Ganott, Margarita Zuley, Arvind Rao
Background: Imaging features derived from MRI scans can be used for not only breast cancer detection and measuring disease extent, but can also determine gene expression and patient outcomes. The relationships between imaging features, gene/protein expression, and response to therapy hold potential to guide personalized medicine. We aim to characterize the relationship between radiologist-annotated tumor phenotypic features (based on MRI) and the underlying biological processes (based on proteomic profiling) in the tumor...
January 2018: Oncoscience
Nan Mu, Jintao Gu, Nannan Liu, Xiaochang Xue, Zhen Shu, Kuo Zhang, Tonglie Huang, Chu Chu, Wangqian Zhang, Li Gong, Huadong Zhao, Bo Jia, Dakuan Gao, Lei Shang, Wei Zhang, Qingdong Guo
Purpose: Glioblastoma is the most common and aggressive type of primary brain malignancy and is associated with a poor prognosis. Previously, we found that phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) was significantly up-regulated in glioblastoma as determined by a microarray analysis. However, the function of PRL-3 in glioblastoma remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the clinical relationship between PRL-3 and glioblastoma, and uncover the mechanisms of PRL-3 in the process of glioblastoma. Methods: PRL-3 expression was evaluated in 61 glioblastoma samples and 4 cell lines by RT-qPCR and immunohistochemistry...
2018: Theranostics
Xiaoying Li, Yu Cao, Mu Li, Feng Jin
HES1 is a transcriptional repressor involved in cell differentiation and proliferation as well as in various cancer developments, but its expression pattern and biological roles in breast cancer have not been examined. In this study, we assessed HES1 expression in breast cancer tissues using immunohistochemistry and Western blot analyses and investigated HES1 function using MTT and Matrigel invasion assays. Significant relationships were observed between HES1 upregulation and advanced TNM stage (p=0.011), node metastasis (p=0...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Yifan Wang, Weiye Deng, Nan Li, Shinya Neri, Amrish Sharma, Wen Jiang, Steven H Lin
Since the approval of anti-CTLA4 therapy (ipilimumab) for late-stage melanoma in 2011, the development of anticancer immunotherapy agents has thrived. The success of many immune-checkpoint inhibitors has drastically changed the landscape of cancer treatment. For some types of cancer, monotherapy for targeting immune checkpoint pathways has proven more effective than traditional therapies, and combining immunotherapy with current treatment strategies may yield even better outcomes. Numerous preclinical studies have suggested that combining immunotherapy with radiotherapy could be a promising strategy for synergistic enhancement of treatment efficacy...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Akram Hajisafari, Mohsen Bakhshandeh, Seyed Mahmoud Reza Aghamiri, Mohammad Houshyari, Afshin Rakhsha, Eftekhar Rajab Bolokat, Abbas Rezazadeh
Patients with head and neck cancer after radiotherapy often suffer disability such as hearing disorders. In this study, the effect of radiotherapy (RT) on hearing function of patients with head and neck cancer after RT was determined according to the total dose delivered to specific parts of the auditory system. A total of 66 patients treated with primary or postoperative radiation therapy for various cancers in the head and neck region were selected. All patients had audiologic evaluation with pure tone audiometry for the frequencies of 250, 500, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000, 4,000, 6,000, and 8,000 Hz before and immediately after completion of treatment and again 3 months later...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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