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rectal prolapse in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695882/institutional-experience-with-laparoscopic-assisted-anorectal-pull-through-in-a-series-of-17-cases-a-retrospective-analysis
#1
Madhu Ramasundaram, Jegadeesh Sundaram, Prakash Agarwal, Raj Kishore Bagdi, Selvapriya Bharathi, Apurva Arora
AIMS: To retrospectively analyse the results of laparoscopically-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) for high anorectal malformation (ARM) in male children in our institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed the hospital records of patients who had undergone LAARP from October 2010 to December 2015 in terms of age, operative time, length of hospital stay and post-operative complications. RESULTS: Of 17 cases, 13 (76%) were in 6‒12 months age group, whereas rest of them were in 12‒18 months age group...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616421/cystic-fibrosis-prevalence-among-a-group-of-high-risk-children-in-the-main-referral-children-hospital-in-iran
#2
Mohammad Reza Modaresi, Jamal Faghinia, Mohsen Reisi, Majid Keivanfar, Shiva Navaie, Javad Seyyedi, Faride Baharzade
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about cystic fibrosis (CF) in Iran is very limited. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of CF among a group of high-risk children with suggestive clinical features in the main referral hospital in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study children consisted of 505 patients who had presented with one or more of the following symptoms: chronic or recurrent respiratory symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms as rectal prolapse, steatorrhea, hepatobiliary disease as prolonged jaundice, failure to thrive, hyperglycemia and glycosuria, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, hypoprothrombinemia, anemia or edema, and positive family history of CF...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420321/submucosal-colonic-lipoblastoma-presenting-with-colo-colonic-intussusception-in-an-infant
#3
Marie-Anne Brundler, Kyle C Kurek, Kamlesh Patel, Ingo Jester
Lipoblastoma is a benign adipose tumor typically presenting in infancy in superficial soft tissues of extremities. Intestinal complications secondary to intraabdominal or retroperitoneal involvement are exceedingly rare. We describe a unique case of a primary intestinal lipoblastoma arising from the submucosa of the transverse colon in an otherwise healthy 18-month-old boy. He presented with a history of reducible rectal prolapse, rectal bleeding, and episodic abdominal pain and was initially treated for constipation...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413307/laparoscopic-assisted-anorectoplasty-a-single-center-experience
#4
Rajamani Gurusamy, S Vijay Raj, Raghul Maniam, S R Regunandan
AIM: To assess the modifications in the technique of laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) practiced at our institute and to analyze the postoperative outcome and associated complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was done to analyze the results for LAARP procedure done for high anorectal malformations (ARMs) from January 2001 to May 2016. A total of 68 patients had undergone LAARP, with 62 male and 6 female children. Staged procedure was done in 55 patients and one child with rectovestibular fistula of 5 months of age had a single-stage procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378565/a-case-of-cap-polyposis-with-epidermal-nevus-in-an-infant
#5
Soon Chul Kim, Myoung Jae Kang, Yeon Jun Jeong, Pyoung Han Hwang
Cap polyposis is extremely rare in children. We report a case of an 11-month-old male infant who visited our hospital because of rectal prolapse and small amount of hematochezia lasting several days. He also had an epidermal nevus in the sacral area. Colonoscopy showed erythematous, multilobulated, circumferential, polypoid lesions with mucoid discharge from the rectum. He was diagnosed with cap polyposis by endoscopy and histologic examination. He was treated with surgical resection, and was closely followed up...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000199/-meta-analysis-of-incidence-of-postoperative-complications-for-the-modified-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-treatment-of-intermediate-or-high-anorectal-malformations
#6
Liqiong Duan, Hongxia Ren, Xiaobing Sun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of postoperative complications of children with intermediate or high anorectal malformations treated by one-stage modified posterior sagittal anorectoplasty(PSARP) by meta-analysis. METHODS: Cases with intermediate or high anorectal malformations treated by one-stage modified PSARP nearly a decade at home and abroad were collected by searching in Wanfang Data, CNKI, and PubMed database, then all the papers that recorded the number of cases of postoperative complications were screened out according to inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000197/-efficacy-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-children-with-persistent-cloaca
#7
Chen Wang, Shuli Liu, Zhen Chen, Long Li, Wei Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of children with persistent cloaca. METHODS: Clinical data of 26 female children with high type persistent cloaca undergoing operation in the Capital Pediatric Institution between November 2005 and February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Mean age of these children was (1.4±1.6) years old. Distal end of rectum locating in the superior border of pubis was the standard of diagnosis...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988851/outcomes-following-sclerotherapy-for-mucosal-rectal-prolapse-with-oily-phenol-injection-single-centre-review
#8
Rohini Sahay, Govind Murthi, Richard Lindley
AIM OF THE STUDY: To review the outcomes of injection sclerotherapy with oily phenol for mucosal rectal prolapse. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of all children who underwent sclerotherapy with oily phenol injection as primary surgical intervention for mucosal rectal prolapse, from January 2007 to December 2015. MAIN RESULTS: A total of 31 patients were identified. Mean age at presentation was 4.8 years (range 5 months-12 years)...
March 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680599/application-of-anchoring-stitch-prevents-rectal-prolapse-in-laparoscopic-assisted-anorectal-pullthrough
#9
Jessie L Leung, Patrick H Y Chung, Paul K H Tam, Kenneth K Y Wong
BACKGROUND: Rectal prolapse has been reported after laparoscopic assisted anorectal pullthrough in children with anorectal malformation. We report our clinical outcome and study the application of an anchoring stitch to tack the rectum to the presacral fascia and the occurrence of rectal prolapse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all children who had undergone laparoscopic assisted anorectal pullthrough for anorectal malformation from 2000 to 2015 was performed...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554917/a-standardized-approach-for-the-assessment-and-treatment-of-internationally-adopted-children-with-a-previously-repaired-anorectal-malformation-arm
#10
Victoria A Lane, Clare Skerritt, Richard J Wood, Carlos Reck, Geri D Hewitt, Kate A McCracken, Venkata R Jayanthi, Daniel DaJusta, Christina Ching, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci, Marc A Levitt
INTRODUCTION: A significant number of internationally adopted children have congenital birth defects. As a specialist center for colorectal diagnoses, we evaluate such children with an anorectal malformation (ARM) and have found that a significant number need a reoperation. Knowledge of the common complications following ARM surgery has led us to develop treatment algorithms for patients with unknown past medical and surgical history, a situation typically encountered in the adopted population...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444139/giant-rectal-polyp-prolapse-in-an-adult-patient-with-the-peutz-jeghers-syndrome
#11
Ana Delfina Cano-Contreras, Arturo Meixueiro-Daza, Peter Grube-Pagola, Jose Maria Remes-Troche
Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant intestinal polyposis syndrome characterised by the presence of hamartomatous polyps and mucocutaneous pigmentation. Prolapse of the polyps through the anus is an infrequent manifestation in children with PJS, and this complication is extremely rare in adult patients. We report the case of a 30-year-old man recently diagnosed with PJS who was seen at the emergency department because of the abrupt onset of severe anal pain with a foreign body sensation in the anal canal and rectal bleeding...
July 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357400/critical-analysis-of-fecal-incontinence-scores
#12
REVIEW
Andrea Bischoff, J Bealer, A Peña
INTRODUCTION: Objectively evaluating the lack of bowel control (fecal incontinence) continues to be a challenge. Many have attempted to measure the severity of fecal incontinence and to evaluate its impact on the quality of life by developing standardized scoring systems. Some of these systems have been validated but none have achieved widespread use and all have limitations in evaluating pediatric patients. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed looking for validated scoring systems of fecal incontinence that are currently used for either adult or pediatric patients...
August 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284118/tibia-stress-fracture-secondary-to-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#13
Gulen Guler, Meryem Ozlem Kutuk, Veli Yildirim, Gonca Gül Celik, Fevziye Toros, Abtullah Milcan
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by obsessions and compulsions. Early-onset OCD is one of the most common mental illnesses of children and adolescents, with a prevalence of 1% to 3%. It is related to worse lifespan symptoms and prognosis. Therefore, the treatment of OCD in children and adolescent has gained importance. If it is not treated successfully, the compulsive behaviors may cause extreme stress for children and their parents. Although minor complications of OCD are commonly observed, major complications are considerably rare due to the nature of compulsive behaviors...
April 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27265581/-rectal-prolapse-revealing-a-tumor-the-role-of-abdominal-ultrasound
#14
E Bequet, L Stiennon, A Lhomme, C Piette, C Hoyoux, L Rausin, O Guidi
Rectal prolapse is rare in children and usually benign. However, there are various diseases that can be associated with it, such as cystic fibrosis or other causes of increased abdominal pressure. Here, we review the various underlying conditions that pediatricians or pediatric gastroenterologists should consider in the case of rectal prolapse. We report on three cases of children with a rectal prolapse and intra-abdominal tumors. Current recommendations and practice do not include a systematic check via abdominal imaging in cases of rectal prolapse...
July 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144002/colonic-polyposis-in-a-15-year-old-boy-challenges-and-lessons-from-a-rural-resource-poor-area
#15
Nasser Kakembo, Phyllis Kisa, Tamara Fitzgerald, Doruk Ozgediz, John Sekabira
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal polyps usually present with rectal bleeding and are associated with increased risk of colorectal carcinoma. Evaluation and management in resource-poor areas present unique challenges. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This 15 year-old boy presented with 9 years of painless rectal bleeding and 2 years of a prolapsing rectal mass after passing stool. He had 3 nephews with similar symptoms. On clinical assessment and initial exam under anesthesia, an impression of a polyposis syndrome was made and a biopsy taken from the mass that revealed inflammatory polyps with no dysplasia...
May 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086003/rectal-prolapse-in-children-significance-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Kristen Cares, Mohammad El-Baba
Rectal prolapse is a herniation of the rectum through the anus. It is rare in children. When it does occur, it is usually prior to 4 years of age and due to anatomical variants. A few conditions predispose children to rectal prolapse, the most common being constipation. Cystic fibrosis used to be commonly associated with rectal prolapse, but with the advent of cystic fibrosis newborn screening, this association is no longer as frequently seen. Many recent case reports, detailed in this chapter, describe conditions previously unknown to be associated with rectal prolapse...
May 2016: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083462/transanal-endorectal-pull-through-for-hirschsprung-s-disease-experience-with-50-patients
#17
Ü Adıgüzel, K Ağengin, I Kırıştıoğlu, H Doğruyol
INTRODUCTION: Transanal endorectal pull-through (TEPT) is the latest advancement in the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of TEPT as a definitive treatment for patients with HD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 50 patients who underwent TEPT at Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey, between June 2001 and April 2012 was conducted. These patients were evaluated with regard to their age, sex, preoperative findings, and length of the aganglionic segment, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and results of the follow-up...
May 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26618707/laparoscopic-suture-rectopexy-for-persistent-rectal-prolapse-in-children-is-it-a-safe-and-effective-first-line-intervention
#18
Karim Awad, Mohamed El Debeiky, Amr AbouZeid, Ayman Albaghdady, Tarek Hassan, Sameh Abdelhay
BACKGROUND: Several techniques have been described for the surgical correction of rectal prolapse without any clear advantage for one technique over the other. We evaluated the use of laparoscopic suture rectopexy (LSRP) as a modality of treatment for rectal prolapse in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective data were collected for all children who presented to our center between 2011 and 2014 and required surgery for rectal prolapse. All children underwent LSRP with fixation of the mobilized rectum to the sacral promontory with multiple nonabsorbable sutures...
April 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607187/successful-treatment-of-recurrent-rectal-prolapse-using-three-thiersch-sutures-in-children
#19
Kashif Chauhan, Richard Wei Chern Gan, Shailinder Singh
Many techniques are described to manage recurrent rectal prolapse in children, including repeated Thiersch stitch, phenol injections, Delorme and Altemeier procedures, and rectopexy. We describe a case of successful treatment of rectal prolapse by placing three Thiersch sutures circumferentially along the anal canal--a simple and novel modification of a well-known procedure. An 8-year-old boy with full-thickness rectal prolapse was treated with laxatives to no avail. He was subsequently treated with phenol-in-almond-oil injection and insertion of a 1/0PDS Thiersch suture...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557942/rectal-prolapse-in-children-a-study-of-71-cases
#20
Mohammad-Hossein Sarmast, Shahnam Askarpour, Mehran Peyvasteh, Hazhir Javaherizadeh, Meisam Mooghehi-Nezhad
INTRODUCTION: Prolapse of the rectum is the herniation of the rectum through the anus, which may be categorised as mucosal or complete. AIM: To evaluate the clinical manifestation, treatment, and surgical complications of children with rectal prolapse over a 6-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out on children aged < 14 years who were admitted or referred for rectal prolapse that failed to respond after medical treatment in Imam Khomeini and Abouzar Children's Hospital...
2015: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
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