keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gastric emptying

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547910/impact-of-delayed-gastric-emptying-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-on-survival
#1
Yasuro Futagawa, Masaru Kanehira, Kenei Furukawa, Hiroaki Kitamura, Seiya Yoshida, Teruyuki Usuba, Takeyuki Misawa, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE), a common postoperative complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), is not considered a life-threatening complication. In this study, we analyzed the risk factors for DGE and its impact on long-term prognosis. METHODS: We analyzed 383 patients who underwent PD between 2003 and 2010, dividing them into two groups according to DGE grade as defined by the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery: 243 without DGE (Non-DGE Group) and 140 with DGE of any grade (DGE Group)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547565/an-optimized-ies-method-and-its-inhibitory-effects-and-mechanisms-on-food-intake-and-body-weight-in-diet-induced-obese-rats-ies-for-obesity
#2
Xinyue Wan, Jieyun Yin, Robert Foreman, Jiande D Z Chen
PURPOSE: This paper aims to optimize stimulation parameters and durations for intestinal electrical stimulation (IES) and to explore the effects and mechanisms of chronic IES with optimized methodology in obesity rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen diet-induced obese (DIO) rats were tested for food intake with four different sets of IES parameters each lasting 1 week. Then, another 12 DIO rats were used to test the effect of IES on food intake with different stimulation durations...
May 25, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535580/gastroparesis-updates-on-pathogenesis-and-management
#3
REVIEW
Nanlong Liu, Thomas Abell
Gastroparesis (Gp) is a chronic disease that presents with clinical symptoms of early satiety, bloating, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Along with these symptoms, an objective finding of delayed gastric emptying, along with a documented absence of gastric outlet obstruction, are required for diagnosis. This article focuses on updates in the pathogenesis and management of Gp. Recent studies on full thickness biopsies of Gp patients have shed light on the complex interactions of the central, autonomic, and enteric nervous systems, which all play key roles in maintaining normal gut motility...
May 25, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533536/a-systemic-review-and-an-updated-meta-analysis-minimally-invasive-vs-open-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#4
Zhanwei Zhao, Zifang Yin, Zhenning Hang, Gang Ji, Quanxin Feng, Qingchuan Zhao
The feasible of minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) remains controversial when compared with open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD). We conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis to summarise the available evidence to compare MIPD vs OPD. We systemically searched PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science for studies published through February 2016. The primary endpoint was postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF, grade B/C). A total of 27 studies involving 14,231 patients (2,377 MIPD and 11,854 OPD) were included...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531392/a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-and-proof-of-concept-trial-in-delayed%C3%A2-gastric-emptying-when-metoclopramide-fails-we-should-revisit%C3%A2-nasointestinal-feeding-versus-dual-prokinetic-treatment-achieving-goal-nutrition-in-critical-illness-and-delayed-gastric
#5
Stephen J Taylor, Kaylee Allan, Helen McWilliam, Alex Manara, Jules Brown, Rosemary Greenwood, Deirdre Toher
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) commonly limits the use of enteral nutrition (EN) and may increase ventilator-associated pneumonia. Nasointestinal feeding has not been tested against dual prokinetic treatment (Metoclopramide and Erythromycin) in DGE refractory to metoclopramide. This trial tests the feasibility of recruiting this 'treatment-failed' population and the proof of concept that nasointestinal (NI) feeding can increase the amount of feed tolerated (% goal) when compared to nasogastric (NG) feeding plus metoclopramide and erythromycin treatment...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529168/opioids-in-gastroenterology-treating-adverse-effects-and-creating-therapeutic-benefits
#6
Michael Camilleri, Anthony Lembo, David A Katzka
The use of opioid medications on both an acute and chronic basis is ubiquitous in the U.S. As opioid receptors densely populate the gastrointestinal tract, symptoms and side effects can be expected in these patients. In the esophagus, dysmotility may result manifesting with dysphagia and a syndrome indistinguishable from primary achalasia. In the stomach, a marked delay in gastric emptying may ensue with postprandial nausea and early satiety. Postoperatively, particularly with abdominal surgery, opioid induced ileus may ensue...
May 18, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526499/gastric-conduit-revision-postesophagectomy-management-for-a-rare-complication
#7
Jessica Yu Rove, A Sasha Krupnick, Frank A Baciewicz, Bryan F Meyers
OBJECTIVE: Severe postesophagectomy gastric conduit dysfunction refractory to standard endoscopic intervention is rare, with few published reports discussing timing, technique, or results of reoperation. This case series examines assessment and management of severe conduit dysfunction and details techniques for conduit revision. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent esophagectomy between September 2008 and October 2015 and studied patients who underwent conduit revision...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524600/validation-of-smartpill-%C3%A2-wireless-motility-capsule-for-gastrointestinal-transit-time-intra-subject-variability-software-accuracy-and-comparison-with-video-capsule-endoscopy
#8
H O Diaz Tartera, D-L Webb, A Kh Al-Saffar, M A Halim, G Lindberg, P Sangfelt, P M Hellström
BACKGROUND: There is interest in ultimately combining endoscopy and motility assessments. Gastric emptying (GET), small bowel (SBTT), colon (CTT) and whole gut transit (WGTT) times are conveniently obtained by SmartPill(®) wireless motility capsule (WMC) that records luminal pH, temperature and pressure. Reproducibility within same subjects and accuracy of software derived times (MotiliGI(®) ) were investigated for diagnostic application. GET and SBTT were separately measured using video capsule endoscopy (VCE)...
May 19, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522911/study-of-the-effects-of-nesfatin-1-on-gastric-function-in-obese-rats
#9
Guo-Tao Yang, Hong-Ying Zhao, Yu Kong, Ning-Ning Sun, Ai-Qin Dong
AIM: To investigate the effects of nesfatin-1 on gastric function in obese rats. METHODS: The obese rat model was induced by a high-fat diet. The gastric emptying rate and gastric acid secretory capacity of the rats were determined after treatment with different drug concentrations of nesfatin-1 and administration routes. Based on this, the expression of H+/K+-ATPase was measured using RT-PCR and western blot to preliminarily explore the mechanism of gastric acid secretion changes...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521286/duct-to-mucosa-versus-invagination-pancreaticojejunostomy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-meta-analysis
#10
Shuisheng Zhang, Zhongmin Lan, Jianwei Zhang, Yingtai Chen, Quan Xu, Qinglong Jiang, Yajie Zhao, Chengfeng Wang, Xiaoning Bi, Xiaozhun Huang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the two most commonly used pancreatico-jejunostomy reconstruction techniques-duct-to-mucosa and invagination. METHODS: Databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and several clinical trial registration centers were searched. Randomized controlled trials that compared duct-to-mucosa and invagination pancreaticojejunostomy techniques after pancreaticoduodenectomy were included and analyzed. RESULTS: In total, seven RCTs were included, involving 850 patients...
April 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504312/g-poem-with-antro-pyloromyotomy-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-gastroparesis-mid-term-follow-up-and-factors-predicting-outcome
#11
J M Gonzalez, A Benezech, V Vitton, M Barthet
BACKGROUND: Gastric peroral endoscopic pyloromyotomy (G-POEM) was introduced for treating refractory gastroparesis. AIM: The presented series focused on clinical mid-term efficacy and predictive outcomes factors. METHODS: This was a single centre study of 29 patients operated on between January 2014 and April 2016, with disturbed gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES) and/or elevated Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptoms Index (GCSI). The procedures were performed as previously described...
May 15, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503258/feasibility-of-pancreatectomy-following-high-dose-proton-therapy-for-unresectable-pancreatic-cancer
#12
Kathryn E Hitchcock, R Charles Nichols, Christopher G Morris, Debashish Bose, Steven J Hughes, John A Stauffer, Scott A Celinski, Elizabeth A Johnson, Robert A Zaiden, Nancy P Mendenhall, Michael S Rutenberg
AIM: To review surgical outcomes for patients undergoing pancreatectomy after proton therapy with concomitant capecitabine for initially unresectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS: From April 2010 to September 2013, 15 patients with initially unresectable pancreatic cancer were treated with proton therapy with concomitant capecitabine at 1000 mg orally twice daily. All patients received 59.40 Gy (RBE) to the gross disease and 1 patient received 50.40 Gy (RBE) to high-risk nodal targets...
April 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492183/evaluation-of-sup-13-sup-co-sub-2-sub-enrichment-values-obtained-with-an-oral-breath-test-under-conditions-of-impaired-gastric-functioning-sup-sup
#13
Josef Vogt, Ulrich Wachter, Peter Radermacher, Michael Georgieff, Daniel König, Walter Fabinski, Eberhard Barth
Gastric emptying can be assessed by an oral administration of a <sup>13</sup>C-labeled substrate and its response in the expiratory release of the oxidation product <sup>13</sup>CO<sub>2</sub>. Impaired gut function, reflected e.g. in an intolerance against enteral nutrition may delay or discontinue gastric emptying, potentially leading to multiple peaks in the time profile of expiration. The resulting profile cannot be analyzed by the usual data evaluation that is based on a 'beta-exponential' function (<i>BEX</i>)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488004/minimally-invasive-versus-open-pancreatoduodenectomy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Małczak, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, Tomasz Stefura, Andrzej Budzyński
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to compare minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) versus open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD) by using meta-analytical techniques. METHODOLOGY: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for eligible studies. Data from included studies were extracted for the following outcomes: operative time, overall morbidity, pancreatic fistula, delayed gastric emptying, blood loss, postoperative hemorrhage, yield of harvested lymph nodes, R1 rate, length of hospital stay, and readmissions...
May 9, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487607/effects-of-hwangryunhaedok-tang-on-gastrointestinal-motility-function-in-mice
#15
Hyoyeon Kim, Iksung Kim, Min Cheol Lee, Hyun Jung Kim, Guem San Lee, Hyungwoo Kim, Byung Joo Kim
AIM: To investigate the effects of Hwangryunhaedok-tang (HHT) on gastrointestinal (GI) motility in mice. METHODS: The effects of a boiling water extract of HHT (HHTE) on GI motility were investigated by calculating percent intestinal transit rates (ITR%) and gastric emptying (GE) values using Evans Blue and phenol red, respectively, in normal mice and in mice with experimentally induced GI motility dysfunction (GMD). In addition, the effects of the four components of HHT, that is, Gardeniae Fructus (GF), Scutellariae Radix (SR), Coptidis Rhizoma (CR), and Phellodendri Cortex (PC), on GI motility were also investigated...
April 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486387/minimally-invasive-versus-open-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-propensity-matched-study-from-a-national-cohort-of-patients
#16
Ibrahim Nassour, Sam C Wang, Alana Christie, Mathew M Augustine, Matthew R Porembka, Adam C Yopp, Michael A Choti, John C Mansour, Xian-Jin Xie, Patricio M Polanco, Rebecca M Minter
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perioperative outcomes of minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) in comparison with open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD) in a national cohort of patients. BACKGROUND: Limited well-controlled studies exist comparing perioperative outcomes between MIPD and OPD. METHODS: Patients who underwent MIPD and OPD were abstracted from the 2014 to 2015 pancreas-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484432/rice-bran-and-probiotics-alter-the-porcine-large-intestine-and-serum-metabolomes-for-protection-against-human-rotavirus-diarrhea
#17
Nora Jean Nealon, Lijuan Yuan, Xingdong Yang, Elizabeth P Ryan
Human rotavirus (HRV) is a leading cause of severe childhood diarrhea, and there is limited vaccine efficacy in the developing world. Neonatal gnotobiotic pigs consuming a prophylactic synbiotic combination of probiotics and rice bran (Pro+RB) did not exhibit HRV diarrhea after challenge. Multiple immune, gut barrier protective, and anti-diarrheal mechanisms contributed to the prophylactic efficacy of Pro+RB when compared to probiotics (Pro) alone. In order to understand the molecular signature associated with diarrheal protection by Pro+RB, a global non-targeted metabolomics approach was applied to investigate the large intestinal contents and serum of neonatal gnotobiotic pigs...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481694/pyloroplasty-offers-relief-of-postfundoplication-gastroparesis-in-patients-who-improved-after-botulinum-toxin-injection
#18
Daniel Gilsdorf, Eric Volckmann, Abbie Brickley, Linda Jo Taylor, Robert E Glasgow, John Fang
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic intrapyloric Botox (onabotulinumtoxin A; Allergan Pharmaceuticals) injections can improve postfundoplication gastroparesis, but responses are not durable. Surgical pyloroplasty may relieve gastroparetic symptoms, but patient selection criteria are poorly defined. We hypothesize that pyloroplasty provides durable improvement in patients whose symptoms improved after Botox injection. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was performed of patients with postfundoplication gastroparesis who improved after Botox injection and then underwent pyloroplasty...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474401/a-review-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-and-their-effects-on-lowering-postprandial-plasma-glucose-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
REVIEW
D R Owens, L Monnier, M Hanefeld
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities, with CV disease being the most common cause of death in adults with T2DM. Although glucocentric therapies may improve glycaemic control (as determined by glycated haemoglobin levels), evidence suggests that this approach alone has limited beneficial effects on CV outcomes relative to improvements in lipid and blood pressure control. This may be explained in part by the fact that current antidiabetic treatment regimens primarily address overall glycaemia and/or fasting plasma glucose, but not the postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) excursions that have a fundamental causative role in increasing CV risk...
May 4, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467983/combined-antrectomy-reduces-the-incidence-of-delayed-gastric-emptying-after-pancreatoduodenectomy
#20
Yusuke Yamamoto, Ryo Ashida, Katsuhisa Ohgi, Teiichi Sugiura, Yukiyasu Okamura, Takaaki Ito, Yoshiyasu Kato, Mihoko Yamada, Katsuhiko Uesaka
BACKGROUND: There are a few reports that compare the rate of postoperative complications between subtotal stomach-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (SSPPD) and antrectomy-combined pancreatoduodenectomy (ACPD), especially with respect to delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: From 2002 to 2013, 628 patients who underwent SSPPD (n = 78) or ACPD (n = 550) were enrolled in this study. The rate of DGE and the nutritional status were compared between patients receiving ACPD and SSPPD...
May 4, 2017: Digestive Surgery
keyword
keyword
50288
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"