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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729066/the-effect-of-high-fat-diet-on-daily-rhythm-of-the-core-clock-genes-and-muscle-functional-genes-in-the-skeletal-muscle-of-chinese-soft-shelled-turtle-trionyx-sinensis
#1
Liu Li, Jiang Guomin, Peng Zhitao, Li Yulong, Li Jinlong, Zou Li, He Zhigang, Wang Xiaoqing, Chu Wuying
In the present study, we sought to investigate the influence of high fat diet on the core clock genes and the muscle functional genes daily expression in the skeletal muscle of Chinese soft-shelled turtle. The turtles were fed by two diets including a control fat diet (the CON treatment, 7.98% lipid) and a high fat diet (the HFD treatment, 13.86% lipid) for six weeks and administrated by the photophase regimen of 24 h light/dark (12L:12D) cycle. After the feeding trial experiment, we measured the daily expression levels of 17 core clock genes (Clock, Bmal1/2, NPAS2, Tim, Cry1/2, Per1/2, DBP, AANAT, NIFL3, BHLHE40, NR1D2, RORA, RORB, RORC) and 12 muscle functional genes (FBXO32, MBNL1, MSTN, Myf5, Myf6, MyoD, MyoG, MyoM1, PPARa, PDK4, Trim63, UCP3) in the skeletal muscle of the two treatments...
July 17, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728123/analysis-of-sugarcane-herbicides-in-marine-turtle-nesting-areas-and-assessment-of-risk-using-in%C3%A2-vitro-toxicity-assays
#2
Hannah L Allan, Jason P van de Merwe, Kimberly A Finlayson, Jake W O'Brien, Jochen F Mueller, Frederic D L Leusch
Agricultural processes are associated with many different herbicides that can contaminate surrounding environments. In Queensland, Australia, herbicides applied to agricultural crops may pose a threat to valuable coastal habitats including nesting beaches for threatened loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta). This study 1) measured concentrations of herbicides in the beach sand of Mon Repos, an important marine turtle nesting beach in Australia that is adjacent to significant sugarcane crops, and 2) investigated the toxicity of these herbicides to marine turtles using a cell-based assay...
July 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719870/effects-of-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-on-estrogen-receptor-alpha-and-heat-shock-protein-60-gene-expression-in-primary-cultures-of-loggerhead-sea-turtle-caretta-caretta-erythrocytes
#3
Paolo Cocci, Martina Capriotti, Gilberto Mosconi, Francesco Alessandro Palermo
The loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) can be considered a good indicator species for studying the ecological impact of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on wildlife. However, the effect of these environmental pollutants on nuclear steroid hormone signaling has not yet been addressed in sea turtles mainly due to the legal constraints of their endangered status. Here we describe the use of primary erythrocyte cell cultures as in vitro models for evaluating the effects of different EDCs on the expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα)...
July 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715249/durable-molecular-remissions-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-treated-with-cd19-specific-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-cells-after-failure-of-ibrutinib
#4
Cameron J Turtle, Kevin A Hay, Laïla-Aïcha Hanafi, Daniel Li, Sindhu Cherian, Xueyan Chen, Brent Wood, Arletta Lozanski, John C Byrd, Shelly Heimfeld, Stanley R Riddell, David G Maloney
Purpose We evaluated the safety and feasibility of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor-modified T (CAR-T) cell therapy in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) who had previously received ibrutinib. Methods Twenty-four patients with CLL received lymphodepleting chemotherapy and anti-CD19 CAR-T cells at one of three dose levels (2 × 10(5), 2 × 10(6), or 2 × 10(7) CAR-T cells/kg). Nineteen patients experienced disease progression while receiving ibrutinib, three were ibrutinib intolerant, and two did not experience progression while receiving ibrutinib...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714301/assessing-fukushima-derived-radiocesium-in-migratory-pacific-predators
#5
Daniel James Madigan, Zofia Baumann, Owyn E Snodgrass, Heidi Dewar, Michelle Berman-Kowalewski, Kevin C Weng, Jun Nishikawa, Peter H Dutton, Nicholas S Fisher
The 2011 release of Fukushima-derived radionuclides into the Pacific Ocean made migratory sharks, teleosts, and marine mammals a source of speculation and anxiety regarding radiocesium (134+137Cs) contamination, despite a lack of actual radiocesium measurements for these taxa. We measured radiocesium in a diverse suite of large predators from the North Pacific Ocean and report no detectable (i.e., ≥ 0.1 Bq kg-1 dry wt) of Fukushima-derived 134Cs in all samples, except in one olive ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) with trace levels (0...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711671/phylogenomic-analyses-of-539-highly-informative-loci-dates-a-fully-resolved-time-tree-for-the-major-clades-of-living-turtles-testudines
#6
H Bradley Shaffer, Evan McCartney-Melstad, Thomas J Near, Genevieve G Mount, Phillip Q Spinks
Accurate time-calibrated phylogenies are the centerpiece of many macroevolutionary studies, and the relationship between the size and scale of molecular data sets and the density and accuracy of fossil calibrations is a key element of time tree studies. Here, we develop a target capture array specifically for living turtles, compare its efficiency to an ultraconserved element (UCE) dataset, and present a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny based on 539 nuclear loci sequenced from 26 species representing the breadth of living turtle diversity plus outgroups...
July 12, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711355/characterization-of-the-foxl2-proximal-promoter-and-coding-sequence-from-the-common-snapping-turtle-chelydra-serpentina
#7
Lei Guo, Turk Rhen
Sex is determined by temperature during embryogenesis in snapping turtles, Chelydra serpentina. Previous studies in this species show that dihydrotestosterone (DHT) induces ovarian development at temperatures that normally produce males or mixed sex ratios. The feminizing effect of DHT is associated with increased expression of FoxL2, suggesting that androgens regulate transcription of FoxL2. To test this hypothesis, we cloned the proximal promoter (1.6kb) and coding sequence for snapping turtle FoxL2 (tFoxL2) in frame with mCherry to produce a fluorescent reporter...
July 12, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702044/leaf-spectral-reflectance-shows-thalassia-testudinum-seedlings-more-sensitive-to-hypersalinity-than-hyposalinity
#8
Michael J Durako, Jacqueline F Howarth
Thalassia testudinum (turtle grass) is the dominant and climax-successional seagrass species in the subtropical/tropical Atlantic and Caribbean region. Two die-offs of T. testudinum in Florida Bay, United States have raised concerns regarding the resilience of this species to environmental disturbances. Seedlings are important in recovery of T. testudinum, following disturbance events. Leaf spectral reflectance [R(λ)] was measured in T. testudinum seedlings exposed for 2 weeks to three salinities (20, 35, and 50) and two light levels (full sun and 50-70% light reduction) in experimental mesocosms...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700322/molecular-epidemiology-of-avian-poxvirus-in-the-oriental-turtle-dove-streptopelia-orientalis-and-the-biting-midge-culicoides-arakawae-in-the-republic-of-korea
#9
Hae Rim Lee, Bon-Sang Koo, Jong-Taek Kim, Heung-Chul Kim, Myung-Soon Kim, Terry A Klein, Man-Seok Shin, Sanghun Lee, Eun-Ok Jeon, Kyung-Cheol Min, Seung Baek Lee, Yeonji Bae, In-Pil Mo
A total of 600 wild birds were analyzed for the causes of mortality in the Republic of Korea (ROK) from 2011 to 2013. Avian poxvirus (APV) infections were identified as the primary cause of mortality in 39% (29/74) Oriental Turtle Doves (Streptopelia orientalis). At necropsy, all 29 S. orientalis birds, of which, 76% (22/29) were juveniles, had severe diphtheritic lesions in their oral and nasal cavities and on their eyelids, which were the lesions of APV that resulted in mortality. We detected APV infection by chorioallantoic membrane inoculation and molecular study of the partial region of the P4b gene...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695272/cardiovascular-effects-of-histamine-in-three-widely-diverse-species-of-reptiles
#10
Nini Skovgaard, Augusto S Abe, Edwin W Taylor, Tobias Wang
The cardiovascular system of vertebrates is regulated by a vast number of regulatory factors, including histamine. In pythons, histamine induces a strong tachycardia and dilates the systemic vasculature, which resembles the cardiovascular response to the elevated metabolic rate during digestion. In fact, there is an important role of increased histaminergic tone on the heart during the initial 24 h of digestion in pythons. Whilst the cardiovascular effects of histamine are well studied in pythons, little is known about the effects in other groups of reptiles...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693110/potential-effects-of-brevetoxins-and-toxic-elements-on-various-health-variables-in-kemp-s-ridley-lepidochelys-kempii-and-green-chelonia-mydas-sea-turtles-after-a-red-tide-bloom-event
#11
Justin R Perrault, Nicole I Stacy, Andreas F Lehner, Cody R Mott, Sarah Hirsch, Jonathan C Gorham, John P Buchweitz, Michael J Bresette, Catherine J Walsh
Natural biotoxins and anthropogenic toxicants pose a significant risk to sea turtle health. Documented effects of contaminants include potential disease progression and adverse impacts on development, immune function, and survival in these imperiled species. The shallow seagrass habitats of Florida's northwest coast (Big Bend) serve as an important developmental habitat for Kemp's ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) and green (Chelonia mydas) sea turtles; however, few studies have been conducted in this area. Our objectives were (1) to evaluate plasma analytes (mass, minimum straight carapace length, body condition index [BCI], fibropapilloma tumor score, lysozyme, superoxide dismutase, reactive oxygen/nitrogen species, plasma protein electrophoresis, cholesterol, and total solids) in Kemp's ridleys and green turtles and their correlation to brevetoxins that were released from a red tide bloom event from July-October 2014 in the Gulf of Mexico near Florida's Big Bend, and (2) to analyze red blood cells in Kemp's ridleys and green turtles for toxic elements (arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, selenium, thallium) with correlation to the measured plasma analytes...
July 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689715/exploration-of-low-temperature-microrna-function-in-an-anoxia-tolerant-vertebrate-ectotherm-the-red-eared-slider-turtle-trachemys-scripta-elegans
#12
Kyle K Biggar, Kenneth B Storey
As a model for vertebrate long-term survival in oxygen-restricted environments, the red-eared slider turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) can adapt at the biochemical level to survive in oxygen-free (anoxic) cold water (<10°C). This impressive ability is enabled through a coordinated suppression of energy-expensive, non-essential, cell processes. This study explored the anoxia-responsive expression of several microRNA species (miR-1a, -133, -17, -107, -148a, -21, -103, -210, -20a, -365 and -29b) in adult turtles exposed to 5h and 20h anoxia (at 5±1°C)...
August 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688307/the-current-situation-of-inorganic-elements-in-marine-turtles-a-general-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Adriana A Cortés-Gómez, Diego Romero, Marc Girondot
Inorganic elements (Pb, Cd, Hg, Al, As, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Se and Zn) are present globally in aquatic systems and their potential transfer to marine turtles can be a serious threat to their health status. The environmental fate of these contaminants may be traced by the analysis of turtle tissues. Loggerhead turtles (Caretta caretta) are the most frequently investigated of all the sea turtle species with regards to inorganic elements, followed by Green turtles (Chelonia mydas); all the other species have considerably fewer studies...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675254/a-case-of-diprosopiasis-in-trachemys-scripta-scripta
#14
Giovanni Lanteri, Francesco Macrì, Annamaria Passantino, Vincenzo Monteverde, Fabio Marino, Giuseppe Mazzullo
This short communication describes a case of diprosopiasis in Trachemys scripta scripta imported from Florida and farmed for about 4 months by a private owner in Palermo, Sicily, Italy. The water turtle showed the morphological and radiological features characterizing such deformity. This communication aims to advance the knowledge of the reptile's congenital anomalies and suggests the need for more detailed investigations to better understand its pathogenesis.
June 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674666/who-are-the-important-predators-of-sea-turtle-nests-at-wreck-rock-beach
#15
Juan Lei, David T Booth
Excessive sea turtle nest predation is a problem for conservation management of sea turtle populations. This study assessed predation on nests of the endangered loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) at Wreck Rock beach adjacent to Deepwater National Park in Southeast Queensland, Australia after a control program for feral foxes was instigated. The presence of predators on the nesting dune was evaluated by tracking plots (2 × 1 m) every 100 m along the dune front. There were 21 (2014-2015) and 41 (2015-2016) plots established along the dune, and these were monitored for predator tracks daily over three consecutive months in both nesting seasons...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674653/the-comparative-osteology-of-plesiochelys-bigleri-n-sp-a-new-coastal-marine-turtle-from-the-late-jurassic-of-porrentruy-switzerland
#16
Christian Püntener, Jérémy Anquetin, Jean-Paul Billon-Bruyat
BACKGROUND: During the Late Jurassic, several groups of eucryptodiran turtles inhabited the shallow epicontinental seas of Western Europe. Plesiochelyidae are an important part of this first radiation of crown-group turtles into coastal marine ecosystems. Fossils of Plesiochelyidae occur in many European localities, and are especially abundant in the Kimmeridgian layers of the Swiss Jura Mountains (Solothurn and Porrentruy). In the mid-19th century, the quarries of Solothurn (NW Switzerland) already provided a large amount of fossil turtles, most notably Plesiochelys etalloni, the best-known plesiochelyid species...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667307/dmrt1-is-required-for-primary-male-sexual-differentiation-in-chinese-soft-shelled-turtle-pelodiscus-sinensis
#17
Wei Sun, Han Cai, Gloria Zhang, Haiyan Zhang, Haisheng Bao, Li Wang, Jian Ye, Guoying Qian, Chutian Ge
In vertebrates, the primary sex-determining signals that initiate sexual development are remarkably diverse, ranging from complete genetic to environmental cues. However, no sex determination-related genes have been functionally identified in reptiles. Here, we characterized a conserved DM domain gene, Dmrt1, in Chinese soft-shelled turtle Pelodiscus sinensis (P. sinensis), which exhibits ZZ/ZW sex chromosomes. Dmrt1 exhibited early male-specific embryonic expression, preceding the onset of gonadal sex differentiation...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667257/long-distance-biotic-dispersal-of-tropical-seagrass-seeds-by-marine-mega-herbivores
#18
Samantha J Tol, Jessie C Jarvis, Paul H York, Alana Grech, Bradley C Congdon, Robert G Coles
Terrestrial plants use an array of animals as vectors for dispersal, however little is known of biotic dispersal of marine angiosperms such as seagrasses. Our study in the Great Barrier Reef confirms for the first time that dugongs (Dugong dugon) and green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) assist seagrass dispersal. We demonstrate that these marine mega-herbivores consume and pass in faecal matter viable seeds for at least three seagrass species (Zostera muelleri, Halodule uninervis and Halophila decipiens). One to two seagrass seeds per g DW of faecal matter were found during the peak of the seagrass reproductive season (September to December), with viability on excretion of 9...
June 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660347/bioinspired-magnetic-reception-and-multimodal-sensing
#19
Brian K Taylor
Several animals use Earth's magnetic field in concert with other sensor modes to accomplish navigational tasks ranging from local homing to continental scale migration. However, despite extensive research, animal magnetic reception remains poorly understood. Similarly, the Earth's magnetic field offers a signal that engineered systems can leverage to navigate in environments where man-made positioning systems such as GPS are either unavailable or unreliable. This work uses a behavioral strategy inspired by the migratory behavior of sea turtles to locate a magnetic goal and respond to wind when it is present...
August 2017: Biological Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656350/frequency-of-decompression-illness-among-recent-and-extinct-mammals-and-reptiles-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Agnete Weinreich Carlsen
The frequency of decompression illness was high among the extinct marine "reptiles" and very low among the marine mammals. Signs of decompression illness are still found among turtles but whales and seals are unaffected. In humans, the risk of decompression illness is five times increased in individuals with Patent Foramen Ovale; this condition allows blood shunting from the venous circuit to the systemic circuit. This right-left shunt is characteristic of the "reptile" heart, and it is suggested that this could contribute to the high frequency of decompression illness in the extinct reptiles...
August 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
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