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Migraine with aura

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436283/trigger-factors-in-childhood-migraine-a-prospective-clinic-based-study-from-north-of-france
#1
Lise Solotareff, Jean-Christophe Cuvellier, Alain Duhamel, Louis Vallée, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich
The objective was to study the prevalence and characterization of pediatric migraine triggers and to compare results to this retrospective study. A total of 101 pediatric patients with ICHD-II migraine with and/or without aura were instructed to prospectively complete a diary dealing with attacks triggers for a 3-month period. Each subject reported at least 1 trigger (range: 1-14) with a total number of 532 attacks and a median per subject of 3. Lack of sleep (51.4%), stress (44.6%), warm climate (41.9%), noise (32...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435636/the-effectiveness-of-orem-s-self-care-program-on-headache-related-disability-in-migraine-patients
#2
Fatemeh Mahmoudzadeh-Zarandi, Farahrooz Hamedanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi, Afsaneh Raiesifar
Background: Providing a self-care program appropriate for patient needs in a supportive educative nursing system format could reduce migraine-induced disability. This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of Orem's self-care program on headache related disability in migraine patients. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, episodic migraine patients with or without aura who signed the informed consent were randomly assigned to two groups (44 patients each). The data collection tools included a demographic questionnaire, the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) questionnaire, an Orem cognition form, and a self-care checklist...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430860/increased-brainstem-perfusion-but-no-blood-brain-barrier-disruption-during-attacks-of-migraine-with-aura
#3
Anders Hougaard, Faisal M Amin, Casper E Christensen, Samaira Younis, Frauke Wolfram, Stig P Cramer, Henrik B W Larsson, Messoud Ashina
The migraine aura is characterized by transient focal cortical disturbances causing dramatic neurological symptoms that are usually followed by migraine headache. It is currently not understood how the aura symptoms are related to the headache phase of migraine. Animal studies suggest that cortical spreading depression, the likely mechanism of migraine aura, causes disruption of the blood-brain barrier and noxious stimulation of trigeminal afferents leading to activation of brainstem nuclei and triggering of migraine headache...
April 18, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414958/the-reappearance-of-hemiplegic-cluster-headaches-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Jacopo Fantini, Arianna Sartori, Antonio Granato, Paolo Manganotti
Cluster headache (CH) is a rare and severe syndrome characterized by the recurrence of unilateral pain attacks, of short duration (15-180min), and associated with ipsilateral cranial autonomic symptoms. Although, not formally included in the International Classification of Headache Disorders, hemiplegic cluster headache (HCH) is an even more rare subtype of CH in which typical attacks can be accompanied by visual, sensory, and/or aphasic migrainous auras that have a variable propensity to evolve in reversible hemi-motor symptoms...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395426/-analysis-of-the-clinical-features-of-vestibular-migraine-with-mri-changes
#5
F Qiu, D D Song, Q F Guo, Q Q Wang, Z W Wang, J G Liu, Y Y Wang, X K Qi
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of vestibular migraine with MRI changes. Methods: The clinical data of 150 patients with vestibular migraine completing MRI examination in navy general hospital from August 2008 to August 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical features of 94 (62.7%) vestibular migraine patients with MRI changes were collected and analyzed according to the medical history, clinical symptoms and signs, as well as the result of auxiliary examinations. Results: The manifestations of MRI in vestibular migraine patients were mainly multiple punctate equal T(1) and long T(2) signals or high signals on FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) in subcortical white matter...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382614/migraine-with-multiple-sensory-auras
#6
Nicodemus E Oey, Yew Long Lo
Migraine auras are typically visual in nature but can manifest as disturbances in somatosensory, auditory, and olfactory senses. Reports of multiple sensory auras are rare in the literature, but their existence may offer novel insights into the pathogenesis of this highly common yet complex neurological condition. Here we report a case of multiple sensory auras involving somatosensory, auditory, and olfactory disturbances in a patient with migraine without visual manifestations. A 45-year-old woman with a 20-year history of migrainous headaches presented with complaints of rightsided facial and hand numbness and paraesthesia...
December 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376693/a-formal-analysis-of-alexia-in-persistent-aura-and-a-comparison-to-acquired-pure-alexia
#7
Tobias Bormann, Konrad H Stopsack, Irina Mader, Cornelius Weiller, Michel Rijntjes
A patient is reported with reversible pure alexia in the context of migraine with aura. Following previous, anecdotal reports, the present study is the first to formally assess word reading, writing, and other linguistic and visual processing and to compare these to a patient with stroke-related pure alexia. The reading impairment, suggestive of letter-by-letter reading, was observed across 7 days but had remitted at a 3-month follow-up. The deficit also affected recognition of letters, suggesting a functional impairment at the level of letter recognition, not just word reading...
February 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373854/migraine-modulation-and-debut-after-percutaneous-atrial-septal-defect-closure-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Charles Stevens Leger, Joseph F X DeSouza
INTRODUCTION: Change in migraine headache (MH)-preexisting MH change or development of de novo MH-are known potential complications following percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), but consensus on a causal trigger remains elusive. OBJECTIVES: To expose potential MH triggers linked, mainly by timing and occurrence, to the emergence of de novo MH or change in preexisting MH subsequent to percutaneous ASD closure (pASDC). METHODS: The literature was systematically searched for studies available in English reporting MH status after pASDC published between January 1, 1990 and November 15, 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372496/prospective-testing-of-ichd-3-beta-diagnostic-criteria-for-migraine-with-aura-and-migraine-with-typical-aura-in-patients-with-transient-ischemic-attacks
#9
Elena R Lebedeva, Natalia M Gurary, Denis V Gilev, Jes Olesen
Introduction The International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition beta (ICHD-3 beta) gave alternative diagnostic criteria for 1.2 migraine with aura (MA) and 1.2.1 migraine with typical aura (MTA) in the appendix. The latter were presumed to better differentiate transient ischemic attacks (TIA) from MA. The aim of the present study was to field test that. Methods Soon after admission, a neurologist interviewed 120 consecutive patients diagnosed with TIA after MRI or CT. Semi-structured interview forms addressed all details of the TIA episode and all information necessary to apply the ICHD-3beta diagnostic criteria for 1...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356032/impact-of-percutaneous-closure-of-interatrial-shunts-on-migraine-attacks-single-operator-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Antonis S Manolis
BACKGROUND: The association of migraine with intracardiac communications and a resultant improvement with their closure has been a matter of controversy. Mostly observational and retrospective studies indicate a significant improvement in migraine attacks in patients undergoing percutaneous closure procedures. However, there is a paucity of randomized trials on this topic and prospective data provide little evidence that the device closure approach has any significant effect on migrainous attacks...
March 28, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349350/visual-snow-a-potential-cortical-hyperexcitability-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Alaa Bou Ghannam, Victoria S Pelak
The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of visual snow (VS) and provide information regarding current treatment options for VS. Visual snow (VS) is a rare disorder manifesting with a persistent visual phenomenon of seeing numerous tiny snow-like dots throughout the visual field, and it can cause debilitating visual and psychological consequences. It is emerging as a disorder separate from, but associated with, migraine visual aura, and neuronal cortical hyperexcitability is being considered as a theoretical mechanism for the persistent-positive visual symptoms...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348627/visual-field-losses-in-patients-with-migraine-without-aura-and-tension-type-headache
#12
Arif Ü Yener, Osman Korucu
The aim of the study was to compare the visual fields during pain attacks in the patients with migraine without aura and tension-type headache using automated perimetry. In this study 25 patients with migraine and 25 patients with tension-type headache were evaluated.The optic disc, macula and retina were assessed and patients with normal values were enrolled into the study. Intraocular pressure of all patients were measured. Furthermore, visual field test was applied to both groups using Humphrey field analyzer (Carl-Zeiss Meditec, model-745 i, Dublin, CA, USA)...
April 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341968/the-complex-interrelations-between-two-paroxysmal-disorders-headache-and-epilepsy
#13
REVIEW
Carlo Cianchetti, Giuliano Avanzini, Filippo Dainese, Vincenzo Guidetti
The interrelations between headache/migraine and epileptic seizures are an interesting topic, still lacking a systematization, which is the objective of the present revision. We organize the general setting on: (a) a distinction between pre-ictal, ictal, post-ictal and inter-ictal headaches, assuming "ictal" as epileptic seizure, and (b) the kind of headache, if it is of migraine type or not. Concerning pre-ictal migraine/headache, the necessity of its differentiation from an epileptic headache presenting as an aura of a seizure is stressed; this is connected with the indefiniteness of the term "migralepsy"...
March 24, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295242/an-update-on-non-pharmacological-neuromodulation-for-the-acute-and-preventive-treatment-of-migraine
#14
REVIEW
Francesca Puledda, Peter J Goadsby
OBJECTIVE: To review current neuromodulation treatments available for migraine therapy, both in the acute and preventive setting. METHODS: The published literature was reviewed for studies reporting the effects of different neuromodulation strategies in migraine with and without aura. The use of non-invasive: single pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation, non-invasive vagal nerve stimulation, supraorbital nerve stimulation, and transcranial direct current stimulation, as well as invasive methods such as occipital nerve stimulation and sphenopalatine ganglion stimulation, are assessed...
April 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283958/pfo-and-migraine-is-there-a-role-for-closure
#15
REVIEW
Melissa Rayhill, Rebecca Burch
Observational studies suggest that closure of a patent foramen ovale for other indications may reduce or even eliminate migraine attacks, particularly migraine with aura. The first randomized clinical trial of patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure for prevention of migraine, the MIST trial, showed negative results. The results of the other two completed studies in this area have recently been published in the last year. PRIMA and PREMIUM were also both negative for their primary endpoints. The PREMIUM trial did show a reduction in headache days in the migraine with aura subgroup but the final results of this subset analysis have not been published...
March 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283957/migraine-and-stroke-what-s-the-link-what-to-do
#16
REVIEW
Anna Gryglas, Robert Smigiel
Migraine and stroke are common, disabling neurologic disorders, with a high socioeconomic burden. A link between them has been proposed years ago, and various theories have been proposed to explain this bidirectional relation. However, the precise causes remain unclear. We briefly summarize existing hypotheses of this correlation seeking for recommendations for stroke prevention in migraineurs, if any exist. Among the strongest suggested theories of migraine-stroke association are cortical spreading depression, endovascular dysfunction, vasoconstriction, neurogenic inflammation, hypercoagulability, increased prevalence of vascular risk factors, shared genetic defects, cervical artery dissection, and patent foramen ovale...
March 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281108/recognizing-cadasil-a-secondary-cause-of-migraine-with-aura
#17
REVIEW
John Glenn Burkett, Carrie Dougherty
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: CADASIL (cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy) is an important disease to consider in the differential diagnosis of migraine with aura. This review examines current literature regarding migraine in CADASIL, as well as diagnostic and treatment modalities. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have shown that smoking is a modifiable risk factor for progression of CADASIL (Chabriat et al. in Stroke 47:4-11, 2015)...
April 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264095/association-between-migraine-and-cervical-artery-dissection-the-italian-project-on-stroke-in-young-adults
#18
Valeria De Giuli, Mario Grassi, Corrado Lodigiani, Rosalba Patella, Marialuisa Zedde, Carlo Gandolfo, Andrea Zini, Maria Luisa DeLodovici, Maurizio Paciaroni, Massimo Del Sette, Cristiano Azzini, Antonella Toriello, Rossella Musolino, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Paolo Bovi, Maria Sessa, Alessandro Adami, Giorgio Silvestrelli, Anna Cavallini, Simona Marcheselli, Domenico Marco Bonifati, Nicoletta Checcarelli, Lucia Tancredi, Alberto Chiti, Enrico Maria Lotti, Elisabetta Del Zotto, Giampaolo Tomelleri, Alessandra Spalloni, Elisa Giorli, Paolo Costa, Loris Poli, Andrea Morotti, Filomena Caria, Alessia Lanari, Giacomo Giacalone, Paola Ferrazzi, Alessia Giossi, Valeria Piras, Davide Massucco, Cataldo D'Amore, Filomena Di Lisi, Ilaria Casetta, Laura Cucurachi, Masina Cotroneo, Alessandro De Vito, Elisa Coloberti, Maurizia Rasura, Anna Maria Simone, Massimo Gamba, Paolo Cerrato, Giuseppe Micieli, Giovanni Malferrari, Maurizio Melis, Licia Iacoviello, Alessandro Padovani, Alessandro Pezzini
Importance: Although sparse observational studies have suggested a link between migraine and cervical artery dissection (CEAD), any association between the 2 disorders is still unconfirmed. This lack of a definitive conclusion might have implications in understanding the pathogenesis of both conditions and the complex relationship between migraine and ischemic stroke (IS). Objective: To investigate whether a history of migraine and its subtypes is associated with the occurrence of CEAD...
March 6, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258562/the-relationship-between-migraine-headache-and-asthma-features
#19
Nigar Dirican, Seden Demirci, Munire Cakir
Migraine and asthma are comorbid chronic disorders with episodic attacks thought to involve inflammatory and neurological mechanisms. The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship of asthma features between the asthma patients with migraine and those without migraine headache. A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to June 2016. Physician-diagnosed asthma patients aged 18 years and above were included. Demographic data, pulmonary function test and treatment of asthma were recorded...
March 3, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255817/family-studies-to-find-rare-high-risk-variants-in-migraine
#20
Rikke Dyhr Hansen, Anne Francke Christensen, Jes Olesen
INTRODUCTION: Migraine has long been known as a common complex disease caused by genetic and environmental factors. The pathophysiology and the specific genetic susceptibility are poorly understood. Common variants only explain a small part of the heritability of migraine. It is thought that rare genetic variants with bigger effect size may be involved in the disease. Since migraine has a tendency to cluster in families, a family approach might be the way to find these variants. This is also indicated by identification of migraine-associated loci in classical linkage-analyses in migraine families...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
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