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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532649/condom-availability-in-schools-a-practical-approach-to-the-prevention-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-hiv-and-unintended-pregnancy
#1
(no author information available yet)
Adolescents and young adults are highly impacted by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unplanned pregnancy in the United States and globally. Consistent and correct use of male latex condoms is associated with protection against both STIs and pregnancy. Providing adolescents and young adults with access to free condoms in schools may increase the use of condoms by improving condom availability, eliminating cost, and decreasing embarrassment associated with purchasing condoms. Studies demonstrate that condom availability in schools is associated with the increased use of condoms and improved overall sexual health...
June 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#2
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514992/sexual-difficulties-faced-by-men-in-the-solomon-islands-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Paraniala Silas C Lui, Michael P Dunne, Philip Baker, Verzilyn Isom
Background: To date there has been little research into men's sexual and reproductive health in Pacific Island countries. The aim of this study was to describe men's sexual difficulties and barriers to their seeking reproductive health care in the Solomon Islands. Methods: The study included qualitative inquiry (17 individual interviews and three focus group discussions with a total of 21 men) and a quantitative quasi-randomised quota sample household survey (n=400). The prevalence of sexual difficulties and potential risk factors, such as chronic diseases, health risk behaviours, depression and psychological distress were measured using standardised questions translated into pidgin...
May 18, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508566/initial-observation-of-cin2-does-not-appear-to-reduce-quality-of-life-in-women-under-25%C3%A2-years-of-age
#4
Katayoun Taghavi, Sára Morell, Jillian Lamb, Helene MacNab, Carrie Innes, Kate Coffey, Jonathan Williman, Bryony Simcock, Peter Sykes
BACKGROUND: Although the patient perspective is implicit in the practice of medicine, research evaluating this remains scarce. In a climate where clinicians and policy-makers constantly strive to achieve more patient-centred models of care, this omission warrants attention. AIM: To assess health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in women under 25 years of age with cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) receiving conservative management (colposcopy follow-up, with treatment if necessary) compared with those receiving immediate excisional treatment with large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ)...
May 16, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507860/aging-and-sexual-differences-of-the-human-skull
#5
Luiz Eduardo Toledo Avelar, Márcio Alberto Cardoso, Leonardo Santos Bordoni, Lorena de Miranda Avelar, João Victor de Miranda Avelar
BACKGROUND: The aging process of the face comprises all layers: skin, subcutaneous fat, muscles, and skeleton, and the signs of aging depend mainly on which layer is mostly affected. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the aging facial skeleton, as well as establish the sexual differences, areas with a strong predisposition to resorption, and aesthetic repercussion for better treatment approach. METHODS: Skulls from the Forensic Anthropology Department of the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, were classified according to gender and age group (i...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507772/clinically-significant-depressive-symptoms-and-sexual-behaviour-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#6
Ada R Miltz, Alison J Rodger, Janey Sewell, Andrew Speakman, Andrew N Phillips, Lorraine Sherr, Richard J Gilson, David Asboe, Nneka C Nwokolo, Amanda Clarke, Mark M Gompels, Sris Allan, Simon Collins, Fiona C Lampe
BACKGROUND: The relationship between depression and sexual behaviour among men who have sex with men (MSM) is poorly understood. AIMS: To investigate prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10) and the relationship between depressive symptoms and sexual behaviour among MSM reporting recent sex. METHOD: The Attitudes to and Understanding of Risk of Acquisition of HIV (AURAH) is a cross-sectional study of UK genitourinary medicine clinic attendees without diagnosed HIV (2013-2014)...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499829/characteristics-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-usage-in-children-with-precocious-puberty-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#7
Yi-Chun Lin, Tung-Ti Chang, Husan-Ju Chen, Chung-Hsing Wang, Mao-Feng Sun, Hung-Rong Yen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Precocious puberty (PP) occurs in children with the early onset of pubertal development leading to physical and psychological problems. Current medical treatment is expensive and has its side effects. However, little is known about the utilization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) among patients with PP. To characterize the application of TCM among these patients, we conducted a nationwide population-based study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), to perform a nationwide population-based study...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496368/self-management-and-psychological-sexological-interventions-in-patients-with-endometriosis-strategies-outcomes-and-integration-into-clinical-care
#8
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Giorgio Aimi, Nicola Berlanda
Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology. The onset and progression of the disease are believed to be related to different pathogenic mechanisms. Among them, the environment and lifestyle may play significant roles. Diet, dietary supplements, physical exercise, osteopathy, massage, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and Chinese herbal medicine may represent a complementary and feasible approach in the treatment of symptoms related to the disease. In this narrative review, we aimed to examine the most updated evidence on these alternative approaches implicated in the self-management of the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495834/testosterone-therapy-for-menopausal-women
#9
(no author information available yet)
It has been suggested that there is a link between low circulating concentrations of testosterone and reduced sexual functioning in postmenopausal women,(1) and it has been more than 60 years since the effects of testosterone therapy for the management of menopausal symptoms were first reported.(2) Since then, testosterone supplementation has received growing attention for its potential role in maintaining sexual function in menopausal women. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guideline on the diagnosis and management of menopause recommends considering testosterone supplementation for women with low sexual desire if hormone replacement therapy (HRT) alone has been ineffective...
May 2017: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495602/a-review-of-traditional-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-portulaca-oleracea-l
#10
REVIEW
Milad Iranshahy, Behjat Javadi, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Seyedeh Pardis Jahanbakhsh, Saman Mahyari, Faezeh Vahdati Hassani, Gholamreza Karimi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Portulaca oleracea L. is a widespread medicinal plant that is used not only as an edible plant, but also as a traditional medicine for alleviating a wide spectrum of diseases. It is a well-known plant in the European Traditional Medicine. PA is mentioned by Dioscorides (40-90 CE), with the name of "andrachne". AIM OF THE REVIEW: In this study, we provide detailed information on botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological uses, pharmacokinetics and safety of P...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494795/a-bio-behavioral-intervention-to-decrease-intravaginal-practices-and-bacterial-vaginosis-among-hiv-infected-zambian-women-a-randomized-pilot-study
#11
Maria L Alcaide, Maureen Chisembele, Emeria Malupande, Violeta J Rodriguez, Margaret A Fischl, Kristopher Arheart, Deborah L Jones
BACKGROUND: Intravaginal practices (IVP) (cleansing or introducing products inside the vagina for hygiene, health or to please sexual partners) are common among women with HIV. IVP increase the risk of developing bacterial Vaginosis (BV), the most common genital infection associated with transmission of sexually transmitted infections and HIV. This study tested a pilot intervention to reduce IVP and BV in HIV infected women in Zambia. METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight HIV infected women engaging in IVP were randomized to two conditions: enhanced standard of care (n = 70) and experimental (n = 58) from May 1, 2013 to February 28, 2014...
May 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493226/-etiology-and-pathophysiology-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-overview-of-systematic-review-articles-and-overview-of-studies-on-small-fiber-neuropathy-in-fms-subgroups
#12
N Üçeyler, M Burgmer, E Friedel, W Greiner, F Petzke, M Sarholz, M Schiltenwolf, A Winkelmann, C Sommer, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was planned for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n =8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
May 10, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492165/-the-contribution-of-legal-medicine-in-child-protection-presentation-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#13
J Hiquet, E Christin, O Dubourg, J Fougas, C Baup, G Brunet, J Millington, N Grosleron, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Maltreatment is a complex issue and therefore, requires a multidisciplinary approach, which has been commonly used in North America since the 1980s but remains unsystematic in France. Since 1999, the Centre d'Accueil en Urgence des Victimes d'Agression (emergency unit for victims of assault) of the Bordeaux University Hospital has brought together various medical, paramedical, and social actors on this issue. A standardized psychosocial assessment procedure has been introduced and is detailed in this paper, and was consistently conducted in all cases of suspicion of abuse on a minor...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487118/pittosporum-viridiflorum-sims-pittosporaceae-a-review-on-a-useful-medicinal-plant-native-to-south-africa-and-tropical-africa
#14
REVIEW
B Madikizela, L J McGaw
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pittosporum viridiflorum Sims, a Pittosporaceae species, is used extensively in African traditional medicine (ATM) by various tribes. This review is an appraisal of the information concerning the description, distribution, conservation status, traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology and toxicology of this species with the aim of reconciling it with its traditional use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A wide-ranging literature search was conducted using database platforms such as Scopus, Google Scholar, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, PubMed and books including local reports and thesis submissions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480429/ethnobotanical-survey-of-phoenix-dactylifera-l-pollen-used-for-the-treatment-of-infertility-problems-in-algerian-oases
#15
Cherifa Selmani, Djamila Chabane, Nadia Bouguedoura
BACKGROUND: The Phoenix dactylifera L. (date palm) is known for its traditional medicinal properties across the history of native population in Algerian Sahara. There is a large trend of consumption of date palm pollen preparations in many human infertility cases in our country. However, the validity has not been scientifically tested. There has been no direct scientific research on this application. This study was undertaken to identify cultivars with greater potential in the traditional medicine uses...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479477/practice-patterns-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hypogonadism-a-survey-of-smsna-members
#16
Faysal A Yafi, Nora M Haney, James Anaissie, Kenneth J DeLay, Landon Trost, Mohit Khera, Wayne J G Hellstrom
OBJECTIVE: To describe practice patterns in the diagnosis and treatment of hypogonadism, as the optimal approaches are controversial. Multiple therapeutic options are currently available for hypogonadal men and treatment patterns vary considerably. The safety of testosterone therapy (TTh) remains understudied. METHODS: A 23-question survey regarding diagnosis and treatment of hypogonadism was sent to all members of the Sexual Medicine Society of North America (SMSNA)...
May 4, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473853/3d-evaluation-of-maxillary-sinus-using-computed-tomography-a-sexual-dimorphic-study
#17
Balaji Babu Bangi, Uday Ginjupally, Lakshmi Kavitha Nadendla, Bhavana Vadla
Purpose. Gender determination is considered to be an important step in the reconstruction of the biological profile in forensic medicine. Maxillary sinus can be used for identification of sex when other methods are indecisive. Computed tomography (CT) provides an excellent method for examining maxillary sinuses. Hence the aim of the study was to determine the accuracy of gender determination using maxillary sinus with CT. Materials and Methods. CT images were used to measure the mediolateral, superoinferior, and anteroposterior dimensions and the volume of the maxillary sinuses in 100 patients (50 males and 50 females) to determine the gender of an individual for forensic identification...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465191/activity-of-cholinesterases-in-a-young-and-healthy-middle-european-population-relevance-for-toxicology-pharmacology-and-clinical-praxis
#18
Jana Zdarova Karasova, Zuzana Maderycova, Martina Tumova, Daniel Jun, Vit Rehacek, Kamil Kuca, Jan Misik
The activity of human cholinesterases, erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE; EC 3.1.1.7) and plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BChE; EC 3.1.1.8) represents an important marker when monitoring exposure to pesticides/nerve agents, and may also be used in occupational medicine in diagnosis and prognosis of some diseases. In this study "normal/baseline" AChE and BChE activity has been investigated in a young and healthy population, with subsequent evaluation of several intra-population factors including sex, age (categories 18-25, 26-35 and 36-45 years old) and smoker status...
April 29, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464774/personalizing-psychological-treatment-along-the-ibd-journey-from-diagnosis-to-surgery
#19
Julia Menichetti, Gionata Fiorino, Elena Vegni
Personalized medicine is becoming a widespread effort to provide the right treatment to the right patient at the right time. However, it lacks of consideration for nonmedical factors, such as patient preferences and psychosocial factors, that should not be avoided. The present study summarizes the psychosocial difficulties experienced by patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during different phases of the disease in order to identify methods to assess psychosocial risk factors and personalize treatment strategies...
May 2, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463093/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-clinical-competence-professional-training-and-ethical-care-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#20
Markus P Bidell, Lara M Stepleman
There are exigent reasons to foster lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) competence, training, and ethical care for health professionals within an interdisciplinary paradigm. LGBT individuals experience serious health and psychosocial disparities; moreover, these inequalities can be amplified when other aspects of diversity such as race, ethnicity, age, gender, religion, disability, and socioeconomic status intersect with sexual orientation and gender identity (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2011). While the origins of LGBT health and psychosocial disparities are manifold, deficiencies in professional training, ethical care, and clinical competence are underlying contributors (IOM, 2011)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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