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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662964/comparison-of-the-effects-of-ginger-extract-with-clomiphene-citrate-on-sex-hormones-in-rats-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome
#1
Shekoufeh Atashpour, Hossein Kargar Jahromi, Zahra Kargar Jahromi, Mozhgan Maleknasab
Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women which affect fertility. Clomiphene citrate is used as first-line treatment for this disorder, which is associated with some complications and therapeutic resistance. Objective: In this research, we compare the effectiveness of ginger with clomiphene on sexual hormones such as Luteinizing hormone (LH), Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), estrogen and progesterone in order to treat PCOS effectively with fewer side effects...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650064/the-physical-examination-as-ritual-social-sciences-and-embodiment-in-the-context-of-the-physical-examination
#2
REVIEW
Cari Costanzo, Abraham Verghese
The privilege of examining a patient is a skill of value beyond its diagnostic utility. A thorough physical examination is an important ritual that benefits patients and physicians. The concept of embodiment helps one understand how illness and pain further define and shape the lived experiences of individuals in the context of their race, gender, sexuality, and socioeconomic status. Understanding ritual in medicine, including the placebo effects of such rituals, reaffirms the centrality of the physical examination to the process of building strong physician-patient relationships...
May 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624778/ultrastructure-of-sensilla-on-the-maxillary-and-labial-palps-of-the-adult-xylotrechus-grayii-coleoptera-cerambycidae
#3
Jianmin Chen, Xiu Zhu, Haili Qiao, Sai Liu, Changqing Xu, Rong Xu, Wenhui Zhan, Jianling Li, Kun Guo, Jun Chen
The longhorn beetle, Xylotrechus grayii (White, 1855), is a serious woodborer pest of many economic and medicinal plants. The maxillary and labial palps of X. grayii adults are strongly involved in mating and host selection behaviors. To further develop control strategies of the pest, sensilla on the palps were studied with scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Five types of sensilla (nine subtypes) were identified: sensilla styloconica (four subtypes, Sty1-4), sensilla chaetica (2 subtypes, SC1-2), sensilla digitiformia (Di), sensilla basiconica (Ba), and Böhm sensilla (Bm)...
April 6, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623100/youth-health-outcomes-from-the-connect-to-protect-coalitions-to-prevent-adolescent-hiv-infections
#4
Robin Lin Miller, Kyung-Sook Lee, Danielle Chiaramonte, Olga J Santiago-Rivera, Ignacio Acevedo-Polakovich, Cherrie B Boyer, Jonathan M Ellen
We assessed the relationships among HIV-related social and behavioral outcomes resulting from an adolescent-focused HIV structural change initiative in eight urban sites operating Connect to Protect (C2P) coalitions. Over a 4-year period, annual cross-sectional panels of adolescents (N = 2,248) completed an audio-computer-assisted interview, providing data on satisfaction with their communities as adolescent-supportive environments, internalized HIV stigma, lifetime HIV-testing, lifetime sexual risk-taking, and number of sexual partners in the prior year...
2018: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622522/reprint-of-proteomics-in-cardiovascular-diseases-unveiling-sex-and-gender-differences-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Roberta Baetta, Marta Pontremoli, Alma Martinez Fernandez, Corinne M Spickett, Cristina Banfi
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent the most important cause of mortality in women and in men. Contrary to the long-standing notion that the effects of the major risk factors on CVD outcomes are the same in both sexes, recent evidence recognizes new, potentially independent, sex/gender-related risk factors for CVDs, and sex/gender-differences in the clinical presentation of CVDs have been demonstrated. Furthermore, some therapeutic options may not be equally effective and safe in men and women. In this context, proteomics offers an extremely useful and versatile analytical platform for biomedical researches that expand from the screening of early diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers to the investigation of the molecular mechanisms underlying CDVs...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616284/-urology-and-alternative-medicine-1900-1970
#6
REVIEW
F G Mildenberger
Disorders of the lower abdomen were often associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or related conditions. The urological diagnostic workup and treatment was based on the idea that technical devices and objective scientific examination methods would lead to targeted success. The fact that illnesses such as urinary retention, urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, orchitis or urethritis often implicated psychosomatic complications and had a possibly far more important impact on sexual life did not play a role in the early years of urology...
April 3, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609911/registries-and-databases-in-sexual-medicine-utility
#7
Andrew J Sun, Michael L Eisenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608082/clinician-barriers-to-initiating-sexual-health-conversations-with-breast-cancer-survivors-the-influence-of-assumptions-and-situational-constraints
#8
Mollie Rose Canzona, Christy J W Ledford, Carla L Fisher, David Garcia, Meghan Raleigh, Virginia B Kalish
INTRODUCTION: Sexual health (SH) is an important dimension of physical, emotional, and social functioning after breast cancer (BC). Research suggests that survivors' SH concerns are not being adequately addressed in oncology or primary care settings. It is important to understand why these conversations are not taking place and what can be done to enhance care for women in this context. This research aims to identify when clinicians initiate SH conversations with survivors and to uncover factors that influence these decisions...
March 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605059/four-decades-of-change-in-sexual-medicine
#9
EDITORIAL
Irwin Goldstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571902/ileal-conduit-vs-orthotopic-neobladder-which-one-offers-the-best-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-radical-cystectomy-a-systematic-review-of-literature-and-meta-analysis
#10
I Ziouziou, J Irani, J T Wei, T Karmouni, K El Khader, A Koutani, A Iben Attya Andaloussi
INTRODUCTION: Orthotopic neobladder (ONB) and ileal conduit (IC) are the most commonly practiced techniques of urinary diversion (UD) after radical cystectomy (RC) in bladder cancer patients. Data in the literature is still discordant regarding which UD technique offers the best HR-QoL. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare HR-QoL in patients undergoing ONB and IC after RC, through a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a literature search of PubMed, ScienceDirect, CochraneLibrary and ClinicalTrials...
March 20, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564608/eliminating-gender-based-bias-in-academic-medicine-more-than-naming-the-elephant-in-the-room
#11
Anna U Morgan, Krisda H Chaiyachati, Gary E Weissman, Joshua M Liao
Gender-based discrimination and bias are widespread in professional settings, including academic medicine. Overt manifestations such as sexual harassment have long been identified but attention is only more recently turning towards subtler forms of bias, including inequity in promotion and compensation. Barriers to progress vary across institutions and include lack of awareness, inadequate training, poor informational transparency, and challenging power dynamics. We propose five solutions that the academic medical community can adopt to not only name, but also address, gender-based bias as the proverbial elephant in the room: definitively identify the systemic nature of the problem, prompt those with influence and power to advance a culture of equity, broadly incorporate evidence-based explicit anti-sexist training, increase transparency of information related to professional development and compensation, and use robust research methods to study the drivers and potential solutions of gender inequity within academic medicine...
March 21, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560668/lymphogranuloma-venereum-among-patients-presenting-at-the-hiv-sti-clinic-in-antwerp-belgium-a-case-series
#12
Ludwig Apers, Eric Florence, Tania Crucitti, Nabila Anwar
Objective of this study was to describe the patient characteristics and clinical presentation of laboratory confirmed lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) cases, diagnosed at the Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM), Antwerp, Belgium. Demographic and biomedical characteristics of all patients with chlamydia-positive sample results were retrieved for the years 2013 and 2014. Samples were obtained from both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients who consulted at the HIV/STI clinic. Fifty four patients with laboratory confirmed LGV were detected among 3885 nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) performed for the detection of chlamydia during the two years under review...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559206/retrospective-study-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-clitoral-adhesions-women-s-health-providers-should-routinely-examine-the-glans-clitoris
#13
Leen Aerts, Rachel S Rubin, Michael Randazzo, Sue W Goldstein, Irwin Goldstein
INTRODUCTION: The glans clitoris is covered by a prepuce that normally moves over the glans surface and can be retracted beyond the corona. Clitoral adhesions, ranging from mild to severe, occur when preputial skin adheres to the glans. Physical examination consistent with clitoral adhesions is based on the inability to visualize the entire glans corona. In this closed compartment, the space underneath the adherent prepuce and clitoris can become irritated, erythematous, or infected and can result in sexual dysfunction...
March 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558852/sexually-transmitted-infection-review-for-the-acute-care-pharmacist
#14
Nathan D Mah, Asha R Birmingham, Cierra N Treu, Ryan P Bodkin, Nadia I Awad, Nicole M Acquisto
PURPOSE: Review selected sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and treatment recommendations for pharmacists and providers practicing in the acute care setting. SUMMARY: In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published an updated guideline on the treatment of STIs with an emphasis on prevention and new diagnostic strategies to combat the growing problem of STIs in the United States. Despite this guidance, the incidence of infection has continued to grow...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555345/rapid-response-to-an-emerging-infectious-disease-lessons-learned-from-development-of-a-synthetic-dna-vaccine-targeting-zika-virus
#15
Sagar B Kudchodkar, Hyeree Choi, Emma L Reuschel, Rianne Esquivel, Jackie Jin-Ah Kwon, Moonsup Jeong, Joel N Maslow, Charles C Reed, Scott White, J Joseph Kim, Gary P Kobinger, Pablo Tebas, David B Weiner, Kar Muthumani
Vaccines are considered one of the greatest advances in modern medicine. The global burden of numerous infectious diseases has been significantly reduced, and in some cases, effectively eradicated through the deployment of specific vaccines. However, efforts to develop effective vaccines against infectious pathogens such as influenza, HIV, dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Ebola virus, and Zika virus (ZIKV) have proven challenging. Zika virus is a mosquito-vectored flavivirus responsible for periodic outbreaks of disease in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands dating back over 50 years...
March 16, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551452/the-genus-datura-l-solanaceae-in-mexico-and-spain-ethnobotanical-perspective-at-the-interface-of-medical-and-illicit-uses
#16
REVIEW
Guillermo Benítez, Martí March-Salas, Alberto Villa-Kamel, Ulises Cháves-Jiménez, Javier Hernández, Nuria Montes-Osuna, Joaquín Moreno-Chocano, Paloma Cariñanos
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The different species of the genus Datura have been used traditionally by some pre-Columbian civilizations, as well as in medieval rituals linked to magic and witchcraft in both Mexico and Europe. It is also noteworthy the use of different alkaloids obtained from the plants for medicinal purposes in the treatment of various groups of diseases, especially of the respiratory and muscularskeletal systems. AIM OF THE STUDY: A review of the ethnobotanical uses of the genus Datura in Mexico and Spain has been conducted...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550462/a-worldwide-survey-on-peyronie-s-disease-surgical-practice-patterns-among-surgeons
#17
Eric Chung, Run Wang, David Ralph, Laurence Levine, Gerald Brock
BACKGROUND: Despite published guidelines on Peyronie's disease (PD), there are limited data on actual surgical practice among surgeons. AIM: To evaluate the surgical practice patterns in PD among surgeons from different continents and members of various sexual medicine societies. METHODS: An anonymous survey on various pre-, intra-, and postoperative aspects of PD surgical care was distributed in printed format during International Society of Sexual Medicine meetings and as an online survey to International Society of Sexual Medicine members...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550461/british-society-for-sexual-medicine-guidelines-on-the-management-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-2017
#18
REVIEW
Geoff Hackett, Mike Kirby, Kevan Wylie, Adrian Heald, Nick Ossei-Gerning, David Edwards, Asif Muneer
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the 2008 British Society for Sexual Medicine (BSSM) guidelines. AIM: To provide up-to-date guidance for U.K. (and international) health care professionals managing male sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Source information was obtained from peer-reviewed articles, meetings, and presentations. A search of Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed, covering the search terms "hypogonadism," "eugonadal or hypogonadism or hypogonadal or gonadal," and "low or lower testosterone," starting from 2009 with a cut-off date of September 2017...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537747/-cancer-and-sexual-medicine-a-hand-to-the-human
#19
Marie-Laure Amram, Pierre-Yves Dietrich, Florence Rochon, Mylène Bolmont, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Cancer itself and its treatments can result in physical and/or psychological adverse events which include disorders of sexual health. Both clinicians and patients are reluctant to talk about sexual issues, body image or intimacy between partners. Barriers from the clinician's perspective include feeling inadequately trained, lack of time or privacy. On the patients' side, embarrassment or belief that their sexual health are an untreatable complication of their disease and its treatment are the main barriers...
March 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533368/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-capsules-for-the-treatment-of-premature-ovarian-insufficiency
#20
Xiao-Jing Cao, Xuchun Huang, Jian Liu, Fei Ma, Yuyan Zeng, Changqian Chen, Ji-Ju Wang, Guangning Nie, Xiao-Yun Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the treatment effectiveness of Chinese herbal medicine capsules containing the Yangyin Shugan formula (YYSG) in premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). METHODS: One-hundred forty-six women with POI participated in this stratified, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Participants in two groups (n = 73 in each)-the YYSG group and control group-underwent treatment for 12 weeks. Outcome measures included the Chinese version Menopause-Specific Quality of Life questionnaire (CMS), serum levels of basal follicle-stimulating hormone (bFSH), basal estradiol, and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), the antral follicle count (AFC), and ovarian peak systolic velocity (PSV; cm/s)...
March 12, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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