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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454196/sexually-transmitted-infections-and-immune-activation-among-hiv-infected-but-virally-suppressed-youth-on-antiretroviral-therapy
#1
Tanya L Kowalczyk Mullins, Su X Li, James Bethel, Maureen M Goodenow, Stephanie Hudey, John W Sleasman
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with chronic immune activation, and concurrent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) may increase immune activation. OBJECTIVES: Because HIV-infected youth are at high risk of STIs and little is known about the impact of STIs on immune activation in HIV-infected youth, we conducted an exploratory study examining the association between STIs and systemic inflammation and immune activation among HIV-infected adolescents...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448972/bullying-and-sexual-harassment-of-junior-doctors-in-new-south-wales-australia-rate-and-reporting-outcomes
#2
Anthony Llewellyn, Aspasia Karageorge, Louise Nash, Wenlong Li, Dennis Neuen
Objective The aim of this study was to describe rates of exposure to bullying and sexual harassment in junior doctors in first- or second-year prevocational medical training (PGY1 or PGY2 respectively) positions in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), and to explore the types of actions taken in response. Methods A cross-sectional survey of junior doctors in PGY1 or PGY2 positions was undertaken in 2015 and 2016 (n=374 and 440 respectively). Thematic analysis was undertaken on free-text responses to describe the reporting process and outcomes in more depth...
February 16, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433621/effect-of-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-extract-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-male-rats
#3
Matin Ghaheri, Shahram Miraghaee, Atefeh Babaei, Bahareh Mohammadi, Danial Kahrizi, Zahra Minoosh Saivosh Haghighi, Gholamreza Bahrami
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni has been used locally as a non-calorie sweetener in medicine and diabetic diet which claimed to have aphrodisiac properties, although no scientific data of this function have been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of S. rebaudiana extract on sexual dysfunction, testosterone levels and number of Leydig cells in Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic male rats. A total of 28 diabetic male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: diabetic group without any extract and 3 extract groups (5, 50 and 100 mg/kg)...
February 10, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433502/-i-always-tried-to-forget-about-the-condition-and-pretend-i-was-healed-coping-with-cervical-cancer-in-rural-ghana
#4
Charity Binka, Samuel Harrenson Nyarko, Kofi Awusabo-Asare, David Teye Doku
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a very common disease among women in Ghana and in the world as a whole. However, there is a dearth of information on the mechanisms cervical cancer patients adopt to cope with the condition in Ghana. This study sought to explore the strategies adopted by cervical cancer patients in rural Ghana to cope with the disease. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted to collect qualitative data from cervical cancer patients in a health facility in the Volta Region of Ghana...
February 12, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427705/dismantling-the-justice-silos-flowcharting-the-role-and-expertise-of-forensic-science-forensic-medicine-and-allied-health-in-adult-sexual-assault-investigations
#5
Sally F Kelty, Roberta Julian, Eva Bruenisholz, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
Forensic science is increasingly used to help exonerate the innocent and establishing links between individuals and criminal activities. With increased reliance on scientific services provided by multi-disciplinary (police, medicine, law, forensic science), and multi-organisational in the private and government sectors (health, justice, legal, police) practitioners, the potential for miscommunication resulting unjust outcomes increases. The importance of identifying effective multi-organisational information sharing is to prevent the 'justice silo effect'; where practitioners from different organisations operate in isolation with minimal or no interaction...
January 31, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412417/factors-associated-with-child-sexual-abuse-confirmation-at-forensic-examinations
#6
Welington Dos Santos Silva, Filipe Moraes Ribeiro, Gabriel Kamei Guimarães, Matheus de Sá Dos Santos, Victor Porfírio Dos Santos Almeida, Ubirajara de Oliveira Barroso-Junior
The aim of this study is identify potential factors associated with child sexual abuse confirmation at forensic examinations. The forensic files of children under 12 years of age reporting sexual abuse at the Nina Rodrigues Institute of Forensic Medicine in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil between January 2008 and December 2009 were reviewed. A multivariate analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with finding evidence of sexual abuse in forensic examinations. The proportion of cases confirmed by the forensic physician based on material evidence was 10...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412259/an-imperial-laboratory-the-investigation-and-treatment-of-treponematoses-in-occupied-haiti-1915-1934
#7
Antony Dalziel McNeil Stewart
This article examines anti-treponematoses work as part of US occupation public health policy in Haiti, a unique event in the history of international health. Yaws was highly prevalent in Haiti, but occupation doctors initially ignored it because of its close association with syphilis and stigmas attached to sexually transmitted disease. This changed when C.S. Butler asserted that yaws was "innocent" and that the two diseases should therefore be considered as one. Treatment increased as an anti-treponematoses campaign was now believed to hold great benefits for the occupation's paternalist and strategic aims, even though it ultimately failed...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412100/the-eis-model-a-pilot-investigation-of-a-multidisciplinary-sex-therapy-treatment
#8
Jennifer Konzen, Jessica Lambert, Marianne Miller, Sesen Negash
Marital couples not experiencing a satisfying sexual relationship are less satisfied in their overall relationship. There is, however, a paucity of controlled outcome studies researching effectiveness of sex therapy interventions. This study was a pilot investigation of a new manual-based sex therapy called the EIS (empathy, intimacy, and sexual satisfaction) model. Results showed significant improvement in sexual and marital satisfaction, marital intimacy, and verbal sexual intimacy for men and women, and sexual function for women...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406067/the-intersection-of-medicine-and-urology-an-emerging-paradigm-of-sexual-function-cardiometabolic-risk-bone-health-and-men-s-health-centers
#9
REVIEW
Martin M Miner, Joel Heidelbaugh, Mark Paulos, Allen D Seftel, Jason Jameson, Steven A Kaplan
Men's mental health and how they think about their health are critical to the future of men's health. Poor health choice patterns are established under age 50, when men are twice as likely to die than women. As the future of medicine focuses on quality and value, a better understanding of the social determinants of men's health will identify areas for improvement. The presentation of a man to a clinician's office with a sexual health complaint presents an opportunity for more complete evaluation. The future of men's health will be well served by integrated men's health centers that focus on the entire man...
March 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404577/persistence-of-sexual-harassment-and-gender-bias-in-medicine-across-generations-us-too
#10
Saate Shakil, Megan Lockwood, Deborah Grady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 5, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396306/a-30-min-nucleic-acid-amplification-point-of-care-test-for-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-women-a-prospective-multi-center-study-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#11
E M Harding-Esch, E C Cousins, S-L C Chow, L T Phillips, C L Hall, N Cooper, S S Fuller, A V Nori, R Patel, S Thomas-William, G Whitlock, S J E Edwards, M Green, J Clarkson, B Arlett, J K Dunbar, C M Lowndes, S T Sadiq
BACKGROUND: Rapid Point-Of-Care Tests for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) may reduce onward transmission and reproductive sexual health (RSH) sequelae by reducing turnaround times between diagnosis and treatment. The io® single module system (Atlas Genetics Ltd.) runs clinical samples through a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)-based CT cartridge, delivering results in 30min. METHODS: Prospective diagnostic accuracy study of the io® CT-assay in four UK Genito-Urinary Medicine (GUM)/RSH clinics on additional-to-routine self-collected vulvovaginal swabs...
January 10, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394388/protecting-the-health-of-medical-students-on-international-electives-in-low-resource-settings
#12
Niall Johnston, Nichola Sandys, Rosemary Geoghegan, Diarmuid O'Donovan, Gerard Flaherty
Background: Increasingly, medical students from developed countries are undertaking international medical electives in developing countries. Medical students understand the many benefits of these electives, such as the opportunity to develop clinical skills, to gain insight into global health issues and to travel to interesting regions of the world. However, they may be much less aware of the risk to their health and wellbeing while abroad. Compounding this problem, medical students may not seek advice from travel medicine practitioners and often receive inadequate or no information from their medical school prior to departure...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392544/the-use-of-follicle-stimulating-hormone-fsh-for-the-treatment-of-the-infertile-man-position-statement-from-the-italian-society-of-andrology-and-sexual-medicine-siams
#13
A Barbonetti, A E Calogero, G Balercia, A Garolla, C Krausz, S La Vignera, F Lombardo, E A Jannini, M Maggi, A Lenzi, C Foresta, A Ferlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390996/realising-the-right-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-access-to-essential-medicines-for-medical-abortion-as-a-core-obligation
#14
Katrina Perehudoff, Lucía Berro Pizzarossa, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: WHO has a pivotal role to play as the leading international agency promoting good practices in health and human rights. In 2005, mifepristone and misoprostol were added to WHO's Model List of Essential Medicines for combined use to terminate unwanted pregnancies. However, these drugs were considered 'complementary' and qualified for use when in line with national legislation and where 'culturally acceptable'. DISCUSSION: This article argues that these qualifications, while perhaps appropriate at the time, must now be removed...
February 1, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387905/-venereal-diseases-in-a-general-practice-in-the-17th-and-early-18th-centuries
#15
REVIEW
F Fries, H J Winckelmann
The diary of the town physician Johannes Franc (1649-1725), handwritten in Latin, gives-among other diseases-an overview of sexually transmitted infections affecting citizens in Ulm such as syphilis and gonorrhea. Franc reported on his own experiences in the diary and also included many theoretical details on the causes of the diseases and the corresponding therapies, including ethical considerations. Even in ancient times, there are indications of venereal diseases. However, at the latest with the outbreak of syphilis around the year 1495, the treatment and control of the spread of venereal diseases became an important task of medicine...
January 31, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385561/sbm-recommends-policy-support-to-reduce-smoking-disparities-for-sexual-and-gender-minorities
#16
Phoenix Alicia Matthews, Amanda C Blok, Joseph G L Lee, Brian Hitsman, Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen, Karriem Watson, Elizabeth Breen, Raymond Ruiz, Scout, Melissa A Simon, Marian Fitzgibbon, Laura C Hein, Robert Winn
The Society of Behavioral Medicine supports the inclusion of gender and sexual minorities in all local, state, and national tobacco prevention and control activities. These activities include surveillance of tobacco use and cessation activities, targeted outreach and awareness campaigns, increasing access to culturally appropriate tobacco use dependence treatments, and restricting disproportionate marketing to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities by the tobacco industry, especially for mentholated tobacco products...
January 27, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383415/autologous-fibroblast-seeded-amnion-for-reconstruction-of-neo-vagina-in-male-to-female-reassignment-surgery
#17
Kamal Seyed-Forootan, Hamid Karimi, Nazilla-Sadat Seyed-Forootan
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgeons have used several methods for the construction of neo-vaginas, including the utilization of penile skin, free skin grafts, small bowel or recto-sigmoid grafts, an amnion graft, and cultured cells. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare the results of amnion grafts with amnion seeded with autograft fibroblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 8 years, we compared the results of 24 male-to-female transsexual patients retrospectively based on their complications and levels of satisfaction...
January 30, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378917/sexual-harassment-of-women-in-medicine-a-problem-for-men-to-address
#18
John Launer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376616/-laser-therapy-for-mens-infertility-part-2-systematic-review-of-clinical-trials
#19
O I Apolikhin, S V Moskvin
Male infertility is a multifactorial syndrome associated with a wide range of pathological conditions affecting both the sexual and other body systems: endocrine, nervous, blood, and immune. Laser therapy is a form of modern physiotherapy that applies low-intensity laser irradiation (LILI) in various parts of the body. It is widely used in all areas of modern medicine due to its high efficiency, ease of use, the absence of contraindications and side effects. The authors reviewed the results of 171 studies investigating laser therapy, of which 93 were experimental (20 in Russian and 73 international publications), four clinical and experimental (all in Russian), 74 clinical (73 in Russian and 1 in English)...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373282/-forensic-medical-examination-of-adolescent-and-adult-victims-of-sexual-assault-or-intimate-partner-violence-who-do-not-complain-to-the-police-an-observational-study-in-seine-saint-denis-france
#20
Céline Denis, Céline Paret, Patrick Chariot
OBJECTIVES: to identify characteristics of victims of sexual assault or domestic violence who consulted in a Department of Forensic Medicine without a formal complaint to the police. METHODS: observational study (03/01/2014-08/31/2015) of individuals (age>15years) consulting in a Department of Forensic Medicine near Paris, France, after a sexual assault or domestic violence. Among the individuals who were examined in the department of Forensic Medicine, we compared the individuals who had not complained to the police to those who had complained to the police...
January 17, 2018: La Presse Médicale
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