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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221820/risks-benefits-and-importance-of-collecting-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-in-healthcare-settings-a-multi-method-analysis-of-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#1
Allysha C Maragh-Bass, Maya Torain, Rachel Adler, Eric Schneider, Anju Ranjit, Lisa M Kodadek, Ryan Shields, Danielle German, Claire Snyder, Susan Peterson, Jeremiah Schuur, Brandyn Lau, Adil H Haider
PURPOSE: Research suggests that LGBT populations experience barriers to healthcare. Organizations such as the Institute of Medicine recommend routine documentation of sexual orientation (SO) and gender identity (GI) in healthcare, to reduce LGBT disparities. We explore patient views regarding the importance of SO/GI collection, and patient and provider views on risks and benefits of routine SO/GI collection in various settings. METHODS: We surveyed LGBT/non-LGBT patients and providers on their views on SO/GI collection...
February 21, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220313/hiv-infected-young-men-demonstrate-appropriate-risk-perceptions-and-beliefs-about-safer-sexual-behaviors-after-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#2
Jessica A Kahn, Jeannette Lee, Marvin Belzer, Joel M Palefsky
The aim of this study was to identify risk perceptions after human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among HIV-infected young men who have sex with men. On average, participants appropriately perceived themselves to be at lower than neutral risk for HPV (mean subscale score 4.2/10), at higher than neutral risk for other sexually transmitted infections (7.0/10), and that safer sexual behaviors were still important (8.5/10). Higher perceived risk of HPV was associated with African-American race (p = .03); higher perceived risk of other sexually transmitted infections with White race (p = ...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219385/language-support-for-linguistic-minority-chronic-hepatitis-b-c-patients-an-exploratory-study-of-availability-and-clinicians-perceptions-of-language-barriers-in-six-european-countries
#3
Abby M Falla, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Amena A Ahmad, Miriam Levi, Jan Hendrik Richardus
BACKGROUND: Language support for linguistic minorities can improve patient safety, clinical outcomes and the quality of health care. Most chronic hepatitis B/C infections in Europe are detected among people born in endemic countries mostly in Africa, Asia and Central/Eastern Europe, groups that may experience language barriers when accessing health care services in their host countries. We investigated availability of interpreters and translated materials for linguistic minority hepatitis B/C patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217454/erectile-dysfunction-treatment-and-traditional-medicine-can-east-and-west-medicine-coexist
#4
REVIEW
Joe K C Lee, Ronny B W Tan, Eric Chung
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common sexual problem affecting many men irrespective of cultures, beliefs and nationalities. While medical therapy for ED has been revolutionized by the advent of oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors and intracavernosal injection of vasoactive agents, recent technological advances such stem cell therapy, low intensity shock wave and newer generation of penile prosthesis implant offer hope to men who do not respond to conventional medical therapy. In contrast, traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) focuses on the restoration and better overall bodily regulation with the use of various herbal and animal products as well as exercises to invigorate qi (energy) in vital organs...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217453/erectile-dysfunction-in-fit-and-healthy-young-men-psychological-or-pathological
#5
REVIEW
Giulia Rastrelli, Mario Maggi
Epidemiological studies consistently show that prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) increases with ageing. Nonetheless, complaints of ED even in younger men are becoming more and more frequent. Healthcare professionals working in Sexual Medicine but even those operating in different clinical contexts might be adequately prepared to answer this increasing requirement. ED in younger men is likely to be overlooked and dismissed without performing any medical assessment, even the most basic ones, such as collection of medical history and physical exam...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#6
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211266/-non-febrile-syndromes-in-the-traveler-returning-from-tropical-regions-admitted-in-a-monographic-unit
#7
A Anula-Morales, B Martin-Giner, M Hernández-Cabrera, C Carranza-Rodríguez, E Pisos-Álamo, N Jaén-Sánchez, J L Pérez-Arellano
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyse those syndromes without fever in travellers who return from tropical regions evaluated at our Department of Infectology and Tropical Medicine. Clarifying these conditions intends to reach earlier diagnoses and, perhaps, to avoid the emergence and spread of imported diseases, as well as to establish appropriate preventive measures. METHODS: An observational descriptive transversal study was performed, selecting those patients who returned from tropical regions without fever (n = 281), amongst all travellers evaluated in our department between 1998 and 2013...
February 17, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208851/2d-4d-ratio-and-its-implications-in-medicine
#8
Saravanakumar Jeevanandam, Prathibha K Muthu
Digit ratios, especially 2D:4D ratio, a potential proxy marker for prenatal androgen exposure shows sexual dimorphism. Existing literature and recent research show accumulating evidence on 2D:4D ratio showing correlations with various phenotypic traits in humans. Ratio of 2D:4D is found to correlate negatively to testosterone and positively to oestrogen in the foetus. Interestingly, it is constant since birth and not influenced by the adult hormone levels. Usually, males have lower ratios when compared to females...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208595/congenital-malformations-in-river-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis
#9
REVIEW
Sara Albarella, Francesca Ciotola, Emanuele D'Anza, Angelo Coletta, Luigi Zicarelli, Vincenzo Peretti
The world buffalo population is about 168 million, and it is still growing, in India, China, Brazil, and Italy. In these countries, buffalo genetic breeding programs have been performed for many decades. The occurrence of congenital malformations has caused a slowing of the genetic progress and economic loss for the breeders, due to the death of animals, or damage to their reproductive ability or failing of milk production. Moreover, they cause animal welfare reduction because they can imply foetal dystocia and because the affected animals have a reduced fitness with little chances of survival...
February 10, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204933/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-transsexual-surgery
#10
REVIEW
M Barone, A Cogliandro, N Di Stefano, V Tambone, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aims of our study were to identify studies that evaluated patient satisfaction after transsexual surgery, analyze existing questionnaires, and summarize their development, psychometric properties, and content. METHODS: A systematic review of the English-language literature was performed. Patient-reported outcome measures designed to assess patient satisfaction and quality of life following transsexual surgery were identified. Qualifying instruments were assessed for content and adherence to international guidelines for development and validation...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202344/testosterone-replacement-therapy-and-components-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
James Anaissie, Natalie H Roberts, Ping Wang, Faysal A Yafi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is rapidly increasing in the United States and, because of its strong association with male hypogonadism, has become a significant topic of interest in the sexual medicine community. At the center of this conversation is the efficacy and safety of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) as a therapeutic option for HG and MetS. AIM: To provide a review of the current literature pertaining to TRT and MetS. METHODS: A thorough literature review was performed to review the relation between TRT and MetS using the PubMed online database from 1976 through 2016 with the keywords testosterone, hypogonadism, metabolic syndrome, and testosterone therapy...
February 12, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196487/anti-hsv-2-activity-of-terminalia-chebula-retz-extract-and-its-constituents-chebulagic-and-chebulinic-acids
#12
Ajay Kesharwani, Suja Kizhiyedath Polachira, Reshmi Nair, Aakanksha Agarwal, Nripendra Nath Mishra, Satish Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Development of new and effective therapeutics for sexually transmitted herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) infection is important from public health perspective. With an aim to identify natural products from medicinal plants, in the present study, the potential of Terminalia chebula Retz was investigated for its activity against HSV-2. METHODS: Fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz were used to prepare 50% ethanolic extract. In addition, chebulagic acid and chebulinic acid both purified from T...
February 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190772/sex-differences-a-resultant-of-an-evolutionary-pressure
#13
Sara Della Torre, Adriana Maggi
Spurred by current research policy, we are witnessing a significant growth in the number of studies that observe and describe sexual diversities in human physiology and sex prevalence in a large number of pathologies. Yet we are far from the comprehension of the mechanisms underpinning these differences, which are the result of a long evolutionary history. This Essay is meant to underline female reproductive function as a driver for the positive selection of the specific physiological features that explain male and female differential susceptibility to diseases and metabolic disturbances, in particular...
January 30, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178618/medicinal-plants-and-their-isolated-compounds-showing-anti-trichomonas-vaginalis-activity
#14
REVIEW
Mozhgan Mehriardestani, Atousa Aliahmadi, Tayebeh Toliat, Roja Rahimi
Trichomonas vaginalis is a major of non-viral sexually-transmitted infection and an important cause of serious obstetrical and gynecological complications. Treatment options for trichomoniasis are limited to nitroimidazole compounds. The increasing resistance and allergic reactions to nitroimidazole and recurrent trichomoniasis make it essential to identify and develop new drugs against trichomoniasis. Medicinal plants are an important source for discovery of new medications. This review discusses the anti-trichomonas effects of medicinal plants and their chemical constituents to find better options against this pathogenic protozoon...
February 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175969/masculine-chest-wall-contouring-in-ftm-transgender-a-personal-approach
#15
Giulia Lo Russo, Sara Tanini, Marco Innocenti
BACKGROUND: Chest-wall contouring surgery is one of the first steps in sexual reassignment in female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals that contributes to strengthening of the self-image and facilitates living in the new gender role. The main goal is to masculinize the chest by removing the female contour. Chest contour, scar placement, scar shape, scar length, nipple-areola position, nipple size and the areola size are the key points. METHODS: Between July 2013 and June 2016, 25 FtM transgender patients underwent surgical procedures to create a masculine chest-wall contour...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165832/comparative-effects-of-alkaloid-extracts-from-aframomum-melegueta-alligator-pepper-and-aframomum-danielli-bastered-melegueta-on-enzymes-relevant-to-erectile-dysfunction
#16
Stephen A Adefegha, Ganiyu Oboh, Bathlomew M Okeke, Sunday I Oyeleye
Aframomum melegueta (alligator pepper (AP)) and Aframomum danielli (bastered melegueta (BM)) seeds have been known to improve sexual function in folkloric medicine. This study investigates the effects of AP and BM seeds' alkaloid extracts on the activities of enzymes (acetylcholinesterase (AChE), angiotensin-1-converting enzyme (ACE), phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5), and arginase) relevant to erectile dysfunction (ED). Alkaloids from the seeds were prepared by the solvent extraction method and their interactions with AChE, ACE, PDE-5, and arginase were assessed...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159136/sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-spanish-university-students-a-comparison-between-medical-and-law-students
#17
Pluvio J Coronado, Carlos Delgado-Miguel, Adriana Rey-Cañas, Miguel A Herráiz
OBJECTIVE: To describe behaviors and knowledge related to sexual and reproductive health of Spanish university students and their association with the subject area studied (biomedical or not). METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study conducted with 2074 students aged 18-24years from the University Complutense of Madrid in the Faculties of Medicine and Law. Simple random stratified sampling without replacement was performed. A self-administered, anonymous and voluntary questionnaire was distributed...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134827/natural-products-as-new-treatment-options-for-trichomoniasis-a-molecular-docking-investigation
#18
Mary Snow Setzer, Kendall G Byler, Ifedayo Victor Ogungbe, William N Setzer
Trichomoniasis, caused by the parasitic protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis, is the most common non-viral sexually-transmitted disease, and there can be severe complications from trichomoniasis. Antibiotic resistance in T. vaginalis is increasing, but there are currently no alternatives treatment options. There is a need to discover and develop new chemotherapeutic alternatives. Plant-derived natural products have long served as sources for new medicinal agents, as well as new leads for drug discovery and development...
January 27, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130506/evaluation-of-hepatitis-c-testing-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-associated-risk-behaviours-in-manchester-uk
#19
G Ireland, S Higgins, B Goorney, C Ward, S Ahmad, C Stewart, R Simmons, S Lattimore, V Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of newly diagnosed hepatitis C virus (HCV) and associated risk behaviours among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Manchester. METHOD: A survey among MSM attending four genitourinary medicine clinics in Manchester was carried out over 9 months in 2013. Participants were asked about recent sexual behaviour, recreational drug use and HIV status. All men were offered an HCV test. RESULTS: Overall, 2030 MSM completed a questionnaire and accepted an HCV test...
January 27, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124964/-investigation-of-the-prevalence-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-among-female-syrian-refugees-with-the-complaints-of-vaginitis-aged-between-15-49-years
#20
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Mustafa Aksoy, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Neşe Gül Hilali, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Behire Özek, Gökhan Yıldırımkaya
Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, most of the Syrian refugees have immigrated to Turkey due to its open gate policy and the width of the border. By the end of 2015, it was estimated that there were 2.5 million Syrian refugees in Turkey. Many of the Syrian refugees live in Sanliurfa due to its location on the border with Syria. Trichomonas vaginalis, apart from viral agents is the most common parasite among sexually transmitted infection agents. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of T...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
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