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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684857/microrna-449a-functions-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-pancreatic-cancer-by-the-epigenetic-regulation-of-atdc-expression
#1
Feng Li, Jing Liang, Lu Bai
A growing body of evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in the development and progression of pancreatic cancer. miRNA-449a (miR-449a) has attracted particular interest due to its critical role in regulating cancer biology in numerous cancer types. However, whether miR-449a is involved in the regulation of pancreatic cancer development and progression remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression pattern and potential biological function of miR-449a in pancreatic cancer...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684791/the-role-of-promyelocytic-leukemia-protein-in-steatosis-associated-hepatic-tumors-related-to-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#2
Yih-Lin Chung, Mei-Ling Wu
The persistence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is a risk factor for the development of steatosis-associated tumors in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, yet little is known about the metabolic link with this factor. We correlated HBV-related pathogenesis in genetically engineered mice and human carriers with metabolic proteomics and lipogenic gene expression profiles. The immunohistochemistry showed that the promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML, a tumor suppressor involved in genome maintenance and fatty acid oxidation), being inversely influenced by the dynamic HBsAg levels from acute phase to seroclearance, appeared as a lipo-metabolic switch linking HBsAg-induced steatosis (lipogenesis) to HBsAg-lost fat-burning hepatocarcinogenesis (lipolysis)...
April 20, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684573/bevacizumab-reduces-s100a9-mdsc-linked-to-intracranial-control-in-patients-with-egfr-mutant-lung-adenocarcinoma
#3
Po-Hao Feng, Kuan-Yuan Chen, Yu-Chen Huang, Ching-Shan Luo, Shen Ming Wu, Tzu-Tao Chen, Chun-Nin Lee, Chi-Tai Yeh, Hsiao-Chi Chuang, Chia-Li Han, Chiou-Feng Lin, Wei-Hwa Lee, Chih-Hsi Kuo, Kang-Yun Lee
BACKGROUND: In vitro models have demonstrated immune-modulating effects of bevacizumab. Combinations of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with bevacizumab improve progression free survival (PFS) in patients with EGFR mutated lung adenocarcinoma. How bevacizumab confers this clinical effect and underlying mechanisms are not clear. PATIENT AND METHODS: Fifty-five patients with stage 4 EGFR mutated lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled. Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), T helper cells (Th1/Th2) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) were analyzed by flow cytometry...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684350/down-regulation-of-traf4-targeting-rsk4-inhibits-proliferation-invasion-and-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-xenografts
#4
Lingyu Zhu, Suisui Zhang, Xuejie Huan, Yan Mei, Huawei Yang
Ribosomal S6 protein kinase 4 (RSK4) was known as a novel tumor suppressor gene, and the tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 4 (TRAF4) was linked to carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study is to further investigate the effect of the TRAF4 gene on cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis in vivo and explore whether there is an interaction between TRAF4 and RSK4 in breast cancer. MDA-MB-231 cells were transfected with lentivirus TRAF4-shRNA to specifically block the expression of TRAF4, or transfected with lentivirus negative-shRNA as a negative control...
April 20, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683756/de-novo-expression-of-transfected-sirtuin-3-enhances-susceptibility-of-human-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cells-to-hyperoxia-treatment
#5
Marija Pinterić, Iva I Podgorski, Sandra Sobočanec, Marijana Popović Hadžija, Mladen Paradžik, Ana Dekanić, Maja Marinović, Mirna Halasz, Robert Belužić, Grazia Davidović, Andreja Ambriović Ristov, Tihomir Balog
Sirtuin 3 (Sirt3) has a promising role in cancer tumourigenesis and treatment, but there have been controversies about its role as oncogene or tumour suppressor in different types of cancer. Changes in its expression are associated with the excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), thus contributing to mitochondrial dysfunction and age-related pathologies. Hyperoxic treatment (i.e. generator of ROS) was shown to support some tumourigenic properties, but finally suppresses growth of certain mammary carcinoma cells...
April 23, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683449/optimizing-the-genetic-incorporation-of-chemical-probes-into-gpcrs-for-photo-crosslinking-mapping-and-bioorthogonal-chemistry-in-live-mammalian-cells
#6
Robert Serfling, Lisa Seidel, Thore Böttke, Irene Coin
The genetic incorporation of non-canonical amino acids (ncAAs) via amber stop codon suppression is a powerful technique to install artificial probes and reactive moieties onto proteins directly in the live cell. Each ncAA is incorporated by a dedicated orthogonal suppressor-tRNA/amino-acyl-tRNA-synthetase (AARS) pair that is imported into the host organism. The incorporation efficiency of different ncAAs can greatly differ, and be unsatisfactory in some cases. Orthogonal pairs can be improved by manipulating either the AARS or the tRNA...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682196/testosterone-metabolites-inhibit-proliferation-of-castration-and-therapy-resistant-prostate-cancer
#7
Felix Bremmer, Hubertus Jarry, Valerie Unterkircher, Silke Kaulfuss, Peter Burfeind, Heinz-Joachim Radzun, Philipp Ströbel, Paul Thelen
Novel treatments for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) such as abiraterone acetate (AA) or enzalutamide effectively target the androgen pathway to arrest aberrant signalling and cell proliferation. Testosterone is able to inhibit tumour cell growth in CRPC. Estrogen receptor-beta (ERβ) binds the testosterone-metabolites 3β-androstanediol and 3α-androstanediol in parallel to the canonical estradiol. In the prostate it is widely accepted that ERβ regulates estrogen signalling, mediating anti-proliferative effects...
March 30, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682089/large-scale-analysis-of-dfna5-methylation-reveals-its-potential-as-biomarker-for-breast-cancer
#8
Lieselot Croes, Matthias Beyens, Erik Fransen, Joe Ibrahim, Wim Vanden Berghe, Arvid Suls, Marc Peeters, Patrick Pauwels, Guy Van Camp, Ken Op de Beeck
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women worldwide. Biomarkers for early detection and prognosis of these patients are needed. We hypothesized that deafness , autosomal dominant 5 ( DFNA5 ) may be a valuable biomarker, based upon strong indications for its role as tumor suppressor gene and its function in regulated cell death. In this study, we aimed to analyze DFNA5 methylation and expression in the largest breast cancer cohort to date using publicly available data from TCGA, in order to further unravel the role of DFNA5 as detection and/or prognostic marker in breast cancer...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681543/the-pou-oct-transcription-factor-nubbin-controls-the-balance-of-intestinal-stem-cell-maintenance-and-differentiation-by-isoform-specific-regulation
#9
Xiongzhuo Tang, Yunpo Zhao, Nicolas Buchon, Ylva Engström
Drosophila POU/Oct transcription factors are required for many developmental processes, but their putative regulation of adult stem cell activity has not been investigated. Here, we show that Nubbin (Nub)/Pdm1, homologous to mammalian OCT1/POU2F1 and related to OCT4/POU5F1, is expressed in gut epithelium progenitor cells. We demonstrate that the nub-encoded protein isoforms, Nub-PB and Nub-PD, play opposite roles in the regulation of intestinal stem cell (ISC) maintenance and differentiation. Depletion of Nub-PB in progenitor cells increased ISC proliferation by derepression of escargot expression...
April 17, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680296/microrna-485-5p-reduces-o-glcnacylation-of-bmi-1-and-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-proliferation
#10
Yong Chai, Yunyan Du, Shouhua Zhang, Juhua Xiao, Zhipeng Luo, Fei He, Kai Huang
Emerging evidences showed that miRNAs are involved in the oncogenesis of many cancers. Here, miRNA microarray analysis was performed to screen the significant miRNAs involved in the progression of colorectal cancer (CRC), miR-485-5p was chosen for further study. We found that the expression of miR-485-5p was significantly lower in CRC specimens and cell lines. In addition, low expression level of miR-485-5p is correlated with tumor progression and poor survival in CRC patients. Based on in vitro and in vivo assays, we found that miR-485-5p significantly inhibits CRC proliferation...
April 19, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680270/regulation-of-cancer-cell-signaling-pathways-by-mushrooms-and-their-bioactive-molecules-overview-of-the-journey-from-benchtop-to-clinical-trials
#11
Aliye Aras, Sumbul Khalid, Saima Jabeen, Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Baojun Xu
Mushrooms represent a tremendous source of biologically useful and pharmacologically active molecules. Recent breakthroughs in cancer genetics, genomics, proteomics and translational research have helped us to develop a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms which are contributory in cancer development and progression. Different signaling pathways particularly, Wnt, SHH, TGF/SMAD and JAK/STAT have been shown to modulate cancer progression and development. Increasingly it is being realized that genetic/epigenetic mutations and loss of apoptosis also mandate a 'multi-molecular' perspective for the development of therapies to treat cancer...
April 19, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680210/the-cadm2-akt-pathway-is-involved-in-the-inhibitory-effect-of-mir-21-5p-downregulation-on-proliferation-and-apoptosis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#12
Xiaohui Li, Dong Chen, Mengfei Li, Xiang Gao, Gongning Shi, Hui Zhao
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the main subtype of esophageal cancer, is the eighth most common cancer worldwide. Cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2) has been reported to be a tumor suppressor and is usually downregulated in several cancers. However, the role of CADM2 in ESCC remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential role and underlying action mechanism of CADM2 in ESCC. Herein, we found that CADM2 was low-expressed in ESCC tissues and cell lines. CADM2 overexpression inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of ESCC cells...
April 19, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679718/identification-of-differential-phosphorylation-and-sub-cellular-localization-of-the-metastasis-suppressor-ndrg1
#13
Kyung Chan Park, Sharleen V Menezes, Danuta S Kalinowski, Sumit Sahni, Patric J Jansson, Zaklina Kovacevic, Des R Richardson
The metastasis suppressor, N-myc downstream regulated gene-1 (NDRG1), exhibits pleiotropic activity, inhibiting metastasis of various tumor-types, while being correlated with metastasis in others. Notably, NDRG1 phosphorylation and cleavage are associated with its function, although it is unclear if these modifications occur universally, or selectively, in different cancer cell-types and if it contributes to its pleiotropy. Considering the suggested DNA repair role of nuclear NDRG1, the effects of the above post-translational modifications on its nuclear localization was examined...
April 18, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679339/long-non-coding-rna-lncrna-magi2-as3-inhibits-breast-cancer-cell-growth-by-targeting-the-fas-fasl-signalling-pathway
#14
Yong Yang, Hong Yang, Miao Xu, Haibin Zhang, Mingtao Sun, Peng Mu, Tongbao Dong, Shanmei Du, Kui Liu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-protein-coding transcripts shown to play important roles in tumourigenesis and tumour progression. Our study aimed to examine expression of the lncRNA MAGI2-AS3 in breast cancer and to explore its function in cancer cell growth. First, MAGI2-AS3 expression levels in clinical samples and cell lines were determined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The functional significance of MAGI2-AS3 in cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis was then examined in vitro...
April 20, 2018: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679278/overexpression-of-modified-human-tr%C3%AE-1-suppresses-the-growth-of-hepatocarcinoma-sk-hep1-cells-in-vitro-and-in-xenograft-models
#15
Xiaoxiang Peng, Yuntao Zhou, Yanli Sun, Wei Song, Xiangying Meng, Chunling Zhao, Ronglan Zhao
Association studies suggest that TRβ1 functions as a tumor suppressor. Thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) mediate transcriptional responses through a highly conserved DNA-binding domain (DBD). We previously constructed an artificially modified human TRβ1 (m-TRβ1) via the introduction of a 108-bp exon sequence into the corresponding position of the wild-type human TRβ1 (TRβ1) DBD. Studies confirmed that m-TRβ1 was functional and could inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer MDA-MB-468 cells in vitro. To understand the role of m-TRβ1 in liver tumor development, we adopted a gain-of-function approach by stably expressing TRβ (m-TRβ1 and TRβ1) genes in a human hepatocarcinoma cell line, SK-hep1 (without endogenous TRβ), and then evaluated the effects of the expressed TRβ on cancer cell proliferation, migration, and tumor growth in cell-based studies and xenograft models...
April 20, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679004/the-linc01138-drives-malignancies-via-activating-arginine-methyltransferase-5-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Zhe Li, Jiwei Zhang, Xinyang Liu, Shengli Li, Qifeng Wang, Di Chen, Zhixiang Hu, Tao Yu, Jie Ding, Jinjun Li, Ming Yao, Jia Fan, Shenglin Huang, Qiang Gao, Yingjun Zhao, Xianghuo He
Recurrent chromosomal aberrations have led to the discovery of oncogenes or tumour suppressors involved in carcinogenesis. Here we characterized an oncogenic long intergenic non-coding RNA in the frequent DNA-gain regions in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), LINC01138 (long intergenic non-coding RNA located on 1q21.2). The LINC01138 locus is frequently amplified in HCC; the LINC01138 transcript is stabilized by insulin like growth factor-2 mRNA-binding proteins 1/3 (IGF2BP1/IGF2BP3) and is associated with the malignant features and poor outcomes of HCC patients...
April 20, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678836/tumor-suppressor-bap1-is-essential-for-thymic-development-and-proliferative-responses-of-t-lymphocytes
#17
Teresita L Arenzana, Steve Lianoglou, Akiko Seki, Celine Eidenschenk, Tommy Cheung, Dhaya Seshasayee, Thijs Hagenbeek, Arivazhagan Sambandam, Rajkumar Noubade, Ivan Peng, Justin Lesch, Jason DeVoss, Xiumin Wu, Wyne P Lee, Patrick Caplazi, Joshua Webster, Jinfeng Liu, Victoria C Pham, David Arnott, Jennie R Lill, Zora Modrusan, Anwesha Dey, Sascha Rutz
Loss of function of the nuclear deubiquitinating enzyme BRCA1-associated protein-1 (BAP1) is associated with a wide spectrum of cancers. We report that tamoxifen-induced BAP1 deletion in adult mice resulted in severe thymic atrophy. BAP1 was critical for T cell development at several stages. In the thymus, BAP1 was required for progression through the pre-T cell receptor checkpoint. Peripheral T cells lacking BAP1 demonstrated a defect in homeostatic and antigen-driven expansion. Deletion of BAP1 resulted in suppression of E2F target genes and defects in cell cycle progression, which was dependent on the catalytic activity of BAP1, but did not require its interaction with host cell factor-1 (HCF-1)...
April 20, 2018: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678577/mir-485-5p-suppresses-breast-cancer-progression-and-chemosensitivity-by-targeting-survivin
#18
Meng Wang, Wen-Run Cai, Ran Meng, Jiang-Rui Chi, Yun-Rui Li, Ao-Xiang Chen, Yue Yu, Xu-Chen Cao
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide. Chemoresistance remains to be a considerable obstacle in breast cancer therapy and it is often involves dysregulation of a variety of microRNAs (miRNAs). miR-485-5p functions as a tumor suppressor in several types of human cancers. However, its role in breast cancer chemosensitivity have not been determined. In the present study, we demonstrated that overexpression of miR-485-5p suppresses breast cancer progression and enhances chemosensitivity both in vitro and in vivo...
April 17, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678492/hmga1a-induces-alternative-splicing-of-estrogen-receptor-alpha-in-mcf-7-human-breast-cancer-cells
#19
Kenji Ohe, Shinsuke Miyajima, Tomoko Tanaka, Yuriko Hamaguchi, Yoshihiro Harada, Yuta Horita, Yuki Beppu, Fumiaki Ito, Takafumi Yamasaki, Hiroki Terai, Masayoshi Mori, Yusuke Murata, Makito Tanabe, Kenji Ashida, Munechika Enjoji, Toshihiko Yanase, Nobuhiro Harada, Toshiaki Utsumi, Akila Mayeda
The high-mobility group A protein 1a (HMGA1a) protein is known as an oncogene whose expression level in cancer tissue correlates with the malignant potential, and known as a component of senescence-related structures connecting it to tumor suppressor networks in fibroblasts. HMGA1 protein binds to DNA, but recent studies have shown it exerts novel functions through RNA-binding. Our previous studies have shown that sequence-specific RNA-binding of HMGA1a induces exon-skipping of Presenilin-2 exon 5 in sporadic Alzheimer disease...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677215/tracking-the-fate-of-adoptively-transferred-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-in-the-primary-breast-tumor-microenvironment
#20
Jaclyn Sceneay, Christoph M Griessinger, Sabrina H L Hoffmann, Shu Wen Wen, Christina S F Wong, Sophie Krumeich, Manfred Kneilling, Bernd J Pichler, Andreas Möller
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid progenitor cells that are expanded in cancer and act as potent suppressors of the anti-tumor immune response. MDSCs consist of two major subsets, namely monocytic (M-) MDSCs and granulocytic (G-) MDSCs that differ with respect to their phenotype, morphology and mechanisms of suppression. Here, we cultured bone marrow cells with IL-6 and GM-CSF in vitro to generate a population of bone marrow MDSCs (BM-MDSCs) similar to G-MDSCs from tumor-bearing mice in regards to phenotype, morphology and suppressive-function...
2018: PloS One
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