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carbonic anhydrase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550807/effects-of-waterborne-copper-delivered-under-two-different-exposure-and-salinity-regimes-on-osmotic-and-ionic-regulation-in-the-mudflat-fiddler-crab-minuca-rapax-ocypodidae-brachyura
#1
Mariana V Capparelli, John C McNamara, Martin Grosell
The effects of exposure to copper (Cu) on tissue Cu accumulation, on hemolymph osmotic, Na(+) and Cl(-) regulation, and on gill Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase (NKA) and carbonic anhydrase (CA) activities were evaluated in the fiddler crab Minuca rapax. Waterborne copper was delivered to the crabs at one of three salinities (seawater at 25‰ salinity [S] = isosmotic control; distilled water [<0.1‰ S] = hypo-osmotic medium; or 60‰ S = hyper-osmotic seawater) either for 5 days in a 0.5-cm water film containing 0, 50, 150, 250 or 500µg Cu/L with free access to a dry surface, or in crabs fully submerged for 5h at 0, 250 or 500µg Cu/L...
May 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549769/variations-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-proteome-following-traumatic-brain-injury-and-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#2
David E Connor, Ganta V Chaitanya, Prashant Chittiboina, Paul McCarthy, L Keith Scott, Lisa Schrott, Alireza Minagar, Anil Nanda, J Steven Alexander
BACKGROUND: Proteomic analysis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has shown great promise in identifying potential markers of injury in neurodegenerative diseases [1-13]. Here we compared CSF proteomes in healthy individuals, with patients diagnosed with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in order to characterize molecular biomarkers which might identify these different clinical states and describe different molecular mechanisms active in each disease state. METHODS: Patients presenting to the Neurosurgery service at the Louisiana State University Hospital-Shreveport with an admitting diagnosis of TBI or SAH were prospectively enrolled...
May 13, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547032/car8-dorsal-root-ganglion-expression-and-genetic-regulation-of-analgesic-responses-are-associated-with-a-cis-eqtl-in-mice
#3
Roy C Levitt, Gerald Y Zhuang, Yuan Kang, Diana M Erasso, Udita Upadhyay, Mehtap Ozdemir, Eugene S Fu, Konstantinos D Sarantopoulos, Shad B Smith, William Maixner, Luda Diatchenko, Eden R Martin, Tim Wiltshire
Carbonic anhydrase-8 (Car8 mouse gene symbol) is devoid of enzymatic activity, but instead functions as an allosteric inhibitor of inositol trisphosphate receptor-1 (ITPR1) to regulate this intracellular calcium release channel important in synaptic functions and neuronal excitability. Causative mutations in ITPR1 and carbonic anhydrase-8 in mice and humans are associated with certain subtypes of spinal cerebellar ataxia (SCA). SCA mice are genetically deficient in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) Car8 expression and display mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity and susceptibility to subacute and chronic inflammatory pain behaviors...
May 25, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545816/novel-sulfonamide-containing-2-indolinones-that-selectively-inhibit-tumor-associated-alpha-carbonic-anhydrases
#4
Nilgün Karalı, Atilla Akdemir, Füsun Göktaş, Pınar Eraslan Elma, Andrea Angeli, Merih Kızılırmak, Claudiu T Supuran
Human carbonic anhydrases IX and XII are upregulated in many tumors and form a novel target for new generation anticancer drugs. Here we report the synthesis of novel 2-indolinone derivatives with the sulfonamide group as a zinc binding moiety. Enzyme inhibition assays confirmed that the compounds showed selectivity against hCA IX and XII over the widely distributed off-targets hCA I and II. Molecular modelling studies were performed to suggest modes of binding for these compounds.
May 15, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544359/discovery-of-potent-carbonic-anhydrase-acetylcholinesterase-and-butyrylcholinesterase-enzymes-inhibitors-the-new-amides-and-thiazolidine-4-ones-synthesized-on-an-acetophenone-base
#5
Parham Taslimi, Sabiya Osmanova, İlhami Gulçin, Sabira Sardarova, Vagif Farzaliyev, Afsun Sujayev, Ruya Kaya, Fatma Koc, Sukru Beydemir, Saleh H Alwasel, Omer Irfan Kufrevioglu
Compounds containing nitrogen and sulfur atoms can be widely used in various fields, including industry, medicine, biotechnology, and chemical technology. Among them, amides of acids and heterocyclic compounds have an important place. These amides and thiazolidine-4-ones showed good inhibitory action against butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and human carbonic anhydrase isoforms. AChE exists at high concentrations in the brain and red blood cells. BChE is an important enzyme that is plentiful in the liver, and it is released into the blood in a soluble form...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537099/3h-1-2-benzoxathiepine-2-2-dioxides-a-new-class-of-isoform-selective-carbonic-anhydrase-inhibitors
#6
Aleksandrs Pustenko, Dmitrijs Stepanovs, Raivis Žalubovskis, Daniela Vullo, Andris Kazaks, Janis Leitans, Kaspars Tars, Claudiu T Supuran
A new chemotype with carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitory action has been discovered, the homo-sulfocoumarins (3H-1,2-benzoxathiepine 2,2-dioxides) which have been designed considering the (sulfo)coumarins as lead molecules. An original synthetic strategy of a panel of such derivatives led to compounds with a unique inhibitory profile and very high selectivity for the inhibition of the tumour associated (CA IX/XII) over the cytosolic (CA I/II) isoforms. Although the CA inhibition mechanism with these new compounds is unknown for the moment, we hypothesize that it may be similar to that of the sulfocoumarins, i...
December 2017: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529974/a-glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored-carbonic-anhydrase-related-protein-of-toxoplasma-gondii-is-important-for-rhoptry-biogenesis-and-virulence
#7
Nathan M Chasen, Beejan Asady, Leandro Lemgruber, Rossiane C Vommaro, Jessica C Kissinger, Isabelle Coppens, Silvia N J Moreno
Carbonic anhydrase-related proteins (CARPs) have previously been described as catalytically inactive proteins closely related to α-carbonic anhydrases (α-CAs). These CARPs are found in animals (both vertebrates and invertebrates) and viruses as either independent proteins or domains of other proteins. We report here the identification of a new CARP (TgCA_RP) in the unicellular organism Toxoplasma gondii that is related to the recently described η-class CA found in Plasmodium falciparum. TgCA_RP is posttranslationally modified at its C terminus with a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor that is important for its localization in intracellular tachyzoites...
May 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526118/effects-of-elevated-nutrients-and-co2-emission-scenarios-on-three-coral-reef-macroalgae
#8
Dorothea Bender-Champ, Guillermo Diaz-Pulido, Sophie Dove
Coral reef macroalgae are expected to thrive in the future under conditions that are deleterious to the health of reef-building corals. Here we examined how macroalgae would be affected by exposure to future CO2 emission scenarios (pCO2 and temperature), enriched nutrients and combinations of both. The species tested, Laurencia intricata (Rhodophyta), Turbinaria ornata and Chnoospora implexa (both Phaeophyceae), have active carbon-concentrating mechanisms but responded differently to the treatments. L. intricata showed high mortality under nutrient enriched RCP4...
May 2017: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524177/role-of-carbonic-anhydrases-in-skin-wound-healing
#9
Harlan Barker, Marleena Aaltonen, Peiwen Pan, Maria Vähätupa, Pirkka Kaipiainen, Ulrike May, Stuart Prince, Hannele Uusitalo-Järvinen, Abdul Waheed, Silvia Pastoreková, William S Sly, Seppo Parkkila, Tero Ah Järvinen
Skin wound closure occurs when keratinocytes migrate from the edge of the wound and re-epithelialize the epidermis. Their migration takes place primarily before any vascularization is established, that is, under hypoxia, but relatively little is known regarding the factors that stimulate this migration. Hypoxia and an acidic environment are well-established stimuli for cancer cell migration. The carbonic anhydrases (CAs) contribute to tumor cell migration by generating an acidic environment through the conversion of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate and a proton...
May 19, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524139/-ocular-hypotensive-effect-of-systemic-beta-blockers-in-patients-with-primary-glaucoma-and-arterial-hypertension
#10
A L Onishchenko, A V Kolbasko, A V Zakharova, E G Onishchenko, N M Zhilina
AIM: to evaluate the ocular hypotensive efficacy of systemic beta-blockers in primary glaucoma patients suffering from arterial hypertension (AH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 29 patients with POAG (58 eyes) aged from 47 to 83 years. Patients with stage I-III POAG received instillations of prostaglandin analogs and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. All POAG patients also suffered from arterial hypertension and were prescribed selective beta-blockers (metoprolol, bisoprolol, or nebivalol) as monotherapy or as part of combination therapy (if the target arterial pressure had not been achieved under the initial treatment)...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524136/-clinical-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-cholinesterase-inhibition-with-neuromidin-in-the-treatment-of-primary-glaucoma-patients
#11
I A Zakharova, R V Avdeev, V A Pristavka, S N Surnin, V Yu Makhmutov, I I Savrasova
AIM: to investigate neuromidin effectiveness in the treatment of patients with primary glaucoma and compensated intraocular pressure (IOP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients (80 eyes) were examined. Of them, 10 eyes with early glaucoma, 36 eyes with moderate-stage glaucoma, 33 eyes with advanced glaucoma, and 1 eye with end-stage glaucoma. In 19 eyes, IOP was controlled through beta-blockers, in 11 eyes - through carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, in 10 eyes - through prostaglandin analogues, and in 39 eyes - through combination drugs...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522549/carbonic-anhydrases-function-in-anther-cell-differentiation-downstream-of-the-receptor-like-kinase-ems1
#12
Jian Huang, Zhiyong Li, Gabriel Biener, Erhui Xiong, Shikha Malik, Nathan Eaton, Catherine Z Zhao, Valerica Raicu, Hongzhi Kong, Dazhong Dave Zhao
Plants extensively employ leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases (LRR-RLKs), the largest family of RLKs, to control a wide range of growth and developmental processes as well as defense responses. To date, only a few direct downstream effectors for LRR-RLKs have been identified. We previously showed that the LRR-RLK EMS1 (EXCESS MICROSPOROCYTES1) and its ligand TPD1 (TAPETUM DETERMINANT1) are required for the differentiation of somatic tapetal cells and reproductive microsporocytes during early anther development in Arabidopsis thaliana...
May 18, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522267/synthesis-of-novel-acyl-selenoureido-benzensulfonamides-as-carbonic-anhydrase-i-ii-vii-and-ix-inhibitors
#13
Andrea Angeli, Fabrizio Carta, Gianluca Bartolucci, Claudiu T Supuran
A novel series of acyl selenoureido benzensulfonamides was evaluated as carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors against the human (h) isoforms hCA I, II, VII and IX, which are involved in a variety of diseases such as glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, epilepsy and tumors etc. These compounds showed excellent inhibitory activity for these isoforms, with several low nanomolar derivatives identified against all of them. Furthermore, the selenoureido group may provide an antioxidant activity to these enzyme inhibitors...
May 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520445/telodendrimers-for-physical-encapsulation-and-covalent-linking-of-individual-or-combined-therapeutics
#14
Ashok Kakkar, Jason Choi, Alexandre Moquin, Enzo Bomal, Li Na, Dusica Maysinger
New therapeutics for glioblastoma multiforme and our ability to deliver them using efficient nanocarriers, constitute topical areas of research. We report a comparative study of temozolomide and quercetin in the treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) in 3D, and their incorporation into micelles obtained from synthetically articulated architectural copolymers, and a commercially available linear polymer poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PEG-PLGA). A versatile synthetic methodology to telodendrimers which can be easily adapted to the needs of other therapeutic interventions, is presented...
May 18, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511941/effects-of-ocean-acidification-on-the-physiological-performance-and-carbon-production-of-the-antarctic-sea-ice-diatom-nitzschia-sp-ice-h
#15
Chang-Feng Qu, Fang-Ming Liu, Zhou Zheng, Yi-Bin Wang, Xue-Gang Li, Hua-Mao Yuan, Ning Li, Mei-Ling An, Xi-Xi Wang, Ying-Ying He, Lu-Lu Li, Jin-Lai Miao
Ocean acidification (OA) resulting from increasing atmospheric CO2 strongly influences marine ecosystems, particularly in the polar ocean due to greater CO2 solubility. Here, we grew the Antarctic sea ice diatom Nitzschia sp. ICE-H in a semicontinuous culture under low (~400ppm) and high (1000ppm) CO2 levels. Elevated CO2 resulted in a stimulated physiological response including increased growth rates, chlorophyll a contents, and nitrogen and phosphorus uptake rates. Furthermore, high CO2 enhanced cellular particulate organic carbon production rates, indicating a greater shift from inorganic to organic carbon...
May 13, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511911/sulfonamide-inhibition-profiles-of-the-%C3%AE-carbonic-anhydrase-from-the-pathogenic-bacterium-francisella-tularensis-responsible-of-the-febrile-illness-tularemia
#16
Sonia Del Prete, Daniela Vullo, Sameh M Osman, Zeid AlOthman, Claudiu T Supuran, Clemente Capasso
A new β-class carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) has been cloned, purified and characterized in the genome of the pathogenic bacterium Francisella tularensis responsible of the febrile illness tularemia. This enzyme, FtuβCA, showed a kcat of 9.8 ×10(5)s(-1) and a kcat/KM of 8.9 ×10(7)M(-1)s(-1) for the CO2 hydration, physiological reaction, being one of the most effective β-CAs known to date, with a catalytic activity only 1.68-times lower than that of the human(h) isoform hCA II. A panel of 39 simple aromatic and heterocyclic sulfonamides, as well as clinically used drugs incorporating sulfonamide/sulfamate zinc-binding groups, was used to investigate the inhibition profile of FtuβCA with these classes of derivatives...
May 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511907/potential-inhibitors-of-human-carbonic-anhydrase-isozymes-i-and-ii-design-synthesis-and-docking-studies-of-new-1-3-4-thiadiazole-derivatives
#17
Mehlika Dilek Altıntop, Belgin Sever, Ahmet Özdemir, Kaan Kucukoglu, Hicran Onem, Hayrunnisa Nadaroglu, Zafer Asım Kaplancıklı
In the last years, inhibition of carbonic anhydrase (CA) has emerged as a promising approach for pharmacologic intervention in a variety of disorders such as glaucoma, epilepsy, obesity, and cancer. As a consequence, the design of CA inhibitors (CAIs) is a highly dynamic field of medicinal chemistry. Due to the therapeutic potential of thiadiazoles as CAIs, new 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives were synthesized and investigated for their inhibitory effects on hCA I and hCA II. Although the tested compounds did not carry a sulfonamide group, an important pharmacophore for CA inhibitory activity, it was a remarkable finding that most of them were more effective on hCAs than acetazolamide (AAZ), the reference agent...
May 5, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510761/the-diversity-of-carbon-dioxide-concentrating-mechanisms-in-marine-diatoms-as-inferred-from-their-genetic-content
#18
Chen Shen, Christopher L Dupont, Brian M Hopkinson
Marine diatoms are one of the most ecologically significant primary producers in the ocean. Most diatoms use a CO2-concentrating mechanism (CCM) to overcome the scarcity of CO2 in the ocean and limitations of the carbon-fixing enzyme Rubisco. However, the CCMs in model diatoms differ substantially in their genetic make-up and structural organization. To assess the extent of CCM diversity in marine diatoms more generally, we analyzed genome and transcriptome data from 31 diatom strains to identify putative CCM genes, examine the overall CCM architecture, and study CCM development in the context of the evolutionary history of these diatoms...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501430/kinetic-properties-and-affinities-for-sulfonamide-inhibitors-of-an-%C3%AE-carbonic-anhydrase-cruca4-involved-in-coral-biomineralization-in-the-mediterranean-red-coral-corallium-rubrum
#19
Sonia Del Prete, Daniela Vullo, Didier Zoccola, Sylvie Tambutté, Clemente Capasso, Claudiu T Supuran
We report the kinetic properties and sulfonamide inhibition profile of an α-carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1), named CruCA4, identified in the red coral Corallium rubrum. This isoform is involved in the biomineralization process leading to the formation of a calcium carbonate skeleton. Experiments performed on the recombinant protein show that the enzyme has a "moderate activity" level. Our results are discussed compared to values obtained for other CA isoforms involved in biomineralization. This is the first study describing the biochemical characterization of an octocoral CA...
May 3, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500821/serum-carbonic-anhydrase-1-is-a-biomarker-for-diagnosis-of-human-schistosoma-mansoni-infection
#20
Manal Ibrahim Kardoush, Brian J Ward, Momar Ndao
AbstractSchistosoma mansoni is a major public health threat in many parts of the world. The current diagnostic tests for schistosomiasis are suboptimal, particularly early in infection, when the parasite burden is low and with reinfection after treatment. We sought to identify novel biomarkers of active infection by studying serum proteins in a mouse model of schistosomiasis followed by confirmation in chronically infected patients. Acute (6 weeks) and chronic (12 weeks) sera from S. mansoni-infected C57Bl/6 mice as well as sera from chronically infected patients were assessed using two proteomic platforms: surface-enhanced, laser desorption and ionization, time-of-flight mass spectrometry and Velos Orbitrap mass spectrometry...
April 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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