keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

carbonic anhydrase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792821/exhaustive-exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-alteration-of-erythrocyte-oxygen-release-capacity
#1
Yanlian Xiong, Yanlei Xiong, Yueming Wang, Yajin Zhao, Yaojin Li, Yang Ren, Ruofeng Wang, Mingzi Zhao, Yitong Hao, Haibei Liu, Xiang Wang
The aim of the present study is to explore the effect of exhaustive running exercise (ERE) in the oxygen release capacity of rat erythrocytes. Rats were divided into sedentary control (C), moderate running exercise (MRE) and exhaustive running exercise groups. The thermodynamics and kinetics properties of the erythrocyte oxygen release process of different groups were tested. We also determined the degree of band-3 oxidative and phosphorylation, anion transport activity and carbonic anhydrase isoform II(CAII) activity...
May 24, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792554/effect-of-acetazolamide-and-methazolamide-on-diaphragm-and-dorsiflexor-fatigue-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Paolo B Dominelli, Chris J McNeil, Tyler Dennis Vermeulen, Troy J R Stuckless, Courtney V Brown, Giulio S Dominelli, Erik Richard Swenson, Lucas J Teppema, Glen Edward Foster
Acetazolamide, a carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor used clinically and to prevent acute mountain sickness, worsens skeletal muscle fatigue in animals and humans. In animals, methazolamide, a methylated analogue of acetazolamide and an equally potent CA inhibitor, reportedly exacerbates fatigue less than acetazolamide. Accordingly, we sought to determine, in humans, if methazolamide would attenuate diaphragm and dorsiflexor fatigue compared to acetazolamide. Healthy men (dorsiflexor: n=12; diaphragm: n=7) performed fatiguing exercise on three occasions, after ingesting acetazolamide (250 mg three times a day) and then in random order, methazolamide (100 mg twice a day) or placebo for 48 h...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792187/carbonic-anhydrase-related-protein-expression-in-astrocytomas-and-oligodendroglial-tumors
#3
Sini L Karjalainen, Hannu K Haapasalo, Ashok Aspatwar, Harlan Barker, Seppo Parkkila, Joonas A Haapasalo
BACKGROUND: Carbonic anhydrase related proteins (CARPs) VIII, X and XI functionally differ from the other carbonic anhydrase (CA) enzymes. Structurally, they lack the zinc binding residues, which are important for enzyme activity of classical CAs. The distribution pattern of the CARPs in fetal brain implies their role in brain development. In the adult brain, CARPs are mainly expressed in the neuron bodies but only weaker reactivity has been found in the astrocytes and oligodendrocytes...
May 23, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789638/human-carbonic-anhydrase-8-aav8-gene-therapy-inhibits-nerve-growth-factor-signaling-producing-prolonged-analgesia-and-anti-hyperalgesia-in-mice
#4
Gerald Z Zhuang, Udita Upadhyay, Xiaoying Tong, Yuan Kang, Diana M Erasso, Eugene S Fu, Konstantinos D Sarantopoulos, Eden R Martin, Tim Wiltshire, Luda Diatchenko, Shad B Smith, William Maixner, Roy C Levitt
Carbonic anhydrase-8 (Car8; murine gene symbol) is an allosteric inhibitor of inositol trisphosphate receptor-1 (ITPR1), which regulates neuronal intracellular calcium release. We previously reported that wild-type Car8 overexpression corrects the baseline allodynia and hyperalgesia associated with calcium dysregulation in the waddle (wdl) mouse due to a 19 bp deletion in exon 8 of the Car8 gene. In this report, we provide preliminary evidence that overexpression of the human wild-type ortholog of Car8 (CA8 WT ), but not the reported CA8 S100P loss-of-function mutation (CA8 MT ), inhibits nerve growth factor (NGF)-induced phosphorylation of ITPR1, TrkA (NGF high-affinity receptor), and ITPR1-mediated cytoplasmic free calcium release in vitro...
April 24, 2018: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786141/an-inhibitory-antibody-targeting-carbonic-anhydrase-xii-abrogates-chemoresistance-and-significantly-reduces-lung-metastases-in-an-orthotopic-breast-cancer-model-in-vivo
#5
Bettina von Neubeck, Gabor Gondi, Chiara Riganti, Chenchen Pan, Arnaldo Parra Damas, Hagen Scherb, Ali Ertürk, Reinhard Zeidler
Carbonic Anhydrase XII (CAXII) is a membrane-tethered ectoenzyme involved in intracellular pH regulation and overexpressed across various types of human cancer. Because CAXII inhibition shows antitumour activity in vitro, it is thought that the enzyme is mandatory for maximum tumour growth, above all under hypoxic conditions. Recently, it has been shown that CAXII is co-expressed along with the P-glycoprotein (P-GP) on many tumour cells and that both proteins physically interact. Of interest, blocking CAXII activity also decreases P-GP activity in cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785428/1-methyl-4-aryl-urazole-maura-labels-tyrosine-in-proximity-to-ruthenium-photocatalysts
#6
Shinichi Sato, Kensuke Hatano, Michihiko Tsushima, Hiroyuki Nakamura
We designed and synthesised peptides conjugated with proline linkers and ruthenium photocatalysts. These peptides were used as substrates to evaluate the photocatalyst-proximity dependences of candidates for tyrosine labelling reagents. The 1-methyl-4-aryl-urazole (MAUra) structure was found to be a novel tyrosyl radical trapping agent to label tyrosine residues effectively under the conditions where the ruthenium photocatalyst and tyrosine were in close proximity. Using a ruthenium photocatalyst conjugated to a carbonic anhydrase ligand, the target protein in a complex protein mixture was labelled with remarkable target selectivity by azide- or desthiobiotin-conjugated MAUra derivatives...
May 22, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782149/cryptophane-nanoscale-assemblies-expand-129xe-nmr-biosensing
#7
Serge D Zemerov, Benjamin W Roose, Mara L Greenberg, Yanfei Wang, Ivan J Dmochowski
Cryptophane-based biosensors are promising agents for the ultrasensitive detection of biomedically relevant targets via 129Xe NMR. Dynamic light scattering revealed that cryptophanes form water-soluble aggregates of tens-to-hundreds of nanometers in size. Acridine orange fluorescence quenching assays allowed quantitation of aggregation state, with critical concentration rang-ing from 200 to 600 nM, depending on the cryptophane species in solution. Addition of excess carbonic anhydrase (CA) pro-tein target to a benzenesulfonamide-functionalized cryptophane biosensor (C8B) led to C8B disaggregation and produced the expected 1:1 C8B-CA complex...
May 21, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780355/therapeutic-interference-with-vascular-calcification-lessons-from-klotho-hypomorphic-mice-and-beyond
#8
REVIEW
Florian Lang, Christina Leibrock, Lisann Pelzl, Meinrad Gawaz, Burkert Pieske, Ioana Alesutan, Jakob Voelkl
Medial vascular calcification, a major pathophysiological process associated with cardiovascular disease and mortality, involves osteo-/chondrogenic transdifferentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). In chronic kidney disease (CKD), osteo-/chondrogenic transdifferentiation of VSMCs and, thus, vascular calcification is mainly driven by hyperphosphatemia, resulting from impaired elimination of phosphate by the diseased kidneys. Hyperphosphatemia with subsequent vascular calcification is a hallmark of klotho-hypomorphic mice, which are characterized by rapid development of multiple age-related disorders and early death...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778927/evaluation-of-99m-tc-sulfonamide-and-sulfocoumarin-derivatives-for-imaging-carbonic-anhydrase-ix-expression
#9
Misaki Nakai, Jihne Pan, Kuo-Shyan Lin, John R Thompson, Alessio Nocentini, Claudiu T Supuran, Yasuo Nakabayashi, Tim Storr
With the aim to prepare hypoxia tumor imaging agents, technetium(I) and rhenium(I) tricarbonyl complexes with dipyridylamine (L1 = N-{[1-(2,2-dioxido-1,2-benzoxathiin-6-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-N-(2-pyridinylmethyl)-2-pyridinemethanamine; L3 = N-{[1-[N-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)]-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl]methyl}-N-(2-pyridinyl-methyl)-2-pyridinemethanamine), and iminodiacetate (H2 L2 = N-{[1-(2,2-dioxido-1,2-benzoxathiin-6-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl]methyl}-N-(carboxy-methyl)-glycine; H2 L4 = N-{[1-[N-(4-aminosulfonylphenyl)]-1H-1,2,3-triazole-4-yl]methyl}-N-(carboxymethyl)-glycine) ligands appended to sulfonamide or sulfocoumarin carbonic anhydrase inhibitors were synthesized...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774167/complete-hypokalemic-quadriparesis-as-a-first-presentation-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome
#10
Jason An, Branko Braam
Rationale: We hope to increase awareness that hypokalemic paralysis may be the first presentation of Sjögren syndrome, for which potassium-sparing diuretics can be an effective adjunct to potassium replenishment. Presenting concerns: A 73-year-old female presented to a peripheral hospital with quadriparesis and a critically low serum potassium of 1.6 mmol/L with U waves on the electrocardiogram (ECG). The initial arterial blood gas showed a pH of 7.19, bicarbonate of 13 mEq/L, and a CO2 of 35 mm Hg...
2018: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772937/evaluation-of-sulphonamide-derivatives-acting-as-inhibitors-of-human-carbonic-anhydrase-isoforms-i-ii-and-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-%C3%AE-class-enzyme-rv3273
#11
Tanvi V Wani, Silvia Bua, Pravin S Khude, Abdul H Chowdhary, Claudiu T Supuran, Mrunmayee P Toraskar
A series of novel sulphonamide derivatives was obtained from sulphanilamide which was N4-alkylated with ethyl bromoacetate followed by reaction with hydrazine hydrate. The hydrazide obtained was further reacted with various aromatic aldehydes. The novel sulphonamides were characterised by infrared, mass spectrometry, 1 H- and 13 C-NMR and purity was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Human (h) carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms hCA I and II and Mycobacterium tuberculosis β-CA encoded by the gene Rv3273 (mtCA 3) inhibition activity was investigated with the synthesised compounds which showed promising inhibition...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772474/mitochondria-rich-cells-adjustments-and-ionic-balance-in-the-neotropical-fish-prochilodus-lineatus-exposed-to-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#12
Talita L L Carmo, Vinícius C Azevedo, Priscila R Siqueira, Tiago D Galvão, Fabrício A Santos, Cláudia B R Martinez, Carlos R Appoloni, Marisa N Fernandes
Manufactured titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 -NP) have been intensely applied in numerous industrial products and may be a risk for aquatic systems as they are not completely removed from domestic and industrial wastes after water treatment. This study evaluated the osmo- and ionic balance, Na+ /K+ -ATPase, H+ -ATPase and carbonic anhydrase activities and the mitochondria-rich cells (MRC) in the gills and kidney of the Neotropical fish Prochilodus lineatus after 2 (acute) and 14 (subchronic) days of exposure to nominal 0, 1, 5, 10 and 50 mg L-1 TiO2 -NP...
May 9, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770563/extending-the-scope-of-amantadine-drug-by-incorporation-of-phenolic-azo-schiff-bases-as-potent-selective-inhibitors-of-carbonic-anhydrase-ii-drug-likeness-and-binding-analysis
#13
Pervaiz Ali Channar, Aamer Saeed, Danish Shahzad, Fayaz Ali Larik, Mubashir Hassan, Hussain Raza, Qamar Abbas, Sung-Yum Seo
A series of Amantadine based azo Schiff base dyes 6a-6e have been synthesized and characterized by 1 H NMR and 13 C NMR and evaluated for their in vitro carbonic anhydrase II inhibition activity and antioxidant activity. All of the synthesized showed excellent carbonic inhibition. Compound 6b was found to be the most potent derivative in the series, the IC50 of 6b was found to be 0.0849 ± 0.00245μM (standard Acetazolamide IC50 =0.9975±0.049μM). The binding interactions of the most active analogs were confirmed through molecular docking studies...
May 16, 2018: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765814/designing-of-phenol-based-%C3%AE-carbonic-anhydrase1-inhibitors-through-qsar-molecular-docking-and-md-simulation-approach
#14
Shahzaib Ahamad, Md Imtaiyaz Hassan, Neeraja Dwivedi
Tuberculosis (Tb) is an airborne infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Beta-carbonic anhydrase 1 ( β-CA1 ) has emerged as one of the potential targets for new antitubercular drug development. In this work, three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationships (3D-QSAR), molecular docking, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation approaches were performed on a series of natural and synthetic phenol-based β-CA1 inhibitors. The developed 3D-QSAR model ( r 2  = 0.94, q 2  = 0...
May 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763692/pharmacological-evidence-that-dapi-inhibits-nhe2-in-fundulus-heteroclitus-acclimated-to-freshwater
#15
Kevin V Brix, Colin J Brauner, Dolph Schluter, Chris M Wood
Ionoregulation in the euryhaline killifish Fundulus heteroclitus has been intensively studied over the last two decades using a variety of techniques. However, there has been limited use of pharmacological inhibitors to identify proteins involved in ion transport for this species. In this study, we used a range of pharmacological inhibitors (EIPA, DAPI, ethoxzolamide, bumetanide, bafilomycin, phenamil, hydrochlorothiazide) to investigate the proteins involved in Na+ transport in freshwater (1 mM Na+ ) acclimated F...
May 12, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762909/open-label-dose-escalation-phase-1-study-of-safety-and-single-and-multiple-dose-pharmacokinetics-of-dichlorphenamide-in-healthy-volunteers
#16
Fredric Cohen
Single-and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and safety were investigated in this phase 1 study of dichlorphenamide, a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor approved in the United States for treatment of primary periodic paralysis. Dichlorphenamide was administered to 6 cohorts (n = 6 each) of healthy adults. Cohorts A through E received single doses of 25-400 mg followed by 50-800 mg/day in divided doses for 10 total doses. Cohort F (safety analysis only) received up to 28 titrated doses from 100-800 mg/day. Plasma for pharmacokinetics sampling was obtained predose and up to 48 hours postdose...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751549/transport-and-use-of-bicarbonate-in-plants-current-knowledge-and-challenges-ahead
#17
REVIEW
Charlotte Poschenrieder, José Antonio Fernández, Lourdes Rubio, Laura Pérez, Joana Terés, Juan Barceló
Bicarbonate plays a fundamental role in the cell pH status in all organisms. In autotrophs, HCO₃− may further contribute to carbon concentration mechanisms (CCM). This is especially relevant in the CO₂-poor habitats of cyanobacteria, aquatic microalgae, and macrophytes. Photosynthesis of terrestrial plants can also benefit from CCM as evidenced by the evolution of C₄ and Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM). The presence of HCO₃− in all organisms leads to more questions regarding the mechanisms of uptake and membrane transport in these different biological systems...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750650/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-in-carbonic-anhydrase-12-deficiency
#18
Dekel Avital, Eli Hershkovitz, Neta Loewenthal
BACKGROUND: Carbonic anhydrase 12 (CA12) deficiency, a newly recognized rare disorder, has been described among Israeli Bedouin kindred as an autosomal recessive form of isolated salt wasting in sweat, which leads to severe infantile hyponatremic dehydration, visible salt precipitation after sweating, poor feeding and slow weight gain in infancy. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two adolescents diagnosed with CA12 deficiency who developed severe rhabdomyolysis as a result of physical activity in a hot climate...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750314/screening-of-differentially-expressed-genes-in-male-idiopathic-osteoporosis-via-rna-sequencing
#19
Li Feng, Yan Wang, Jing Zhou, Baofang Tian, Bo Xia
As a type of osteoporosis (OP), male idiopathic OP (MIO) is a bone disorder that occurs in young males and is a public health problem worldwide. However, the detailed pathogenesis of MIO remains to be elucidated. In the present study, blood samples of patients with MIO, senile OP, postmenopausal OP and normal controls (NCs) were obtained for RNA sequencing. Compared with the NC group, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the three types of OP were identified. DEGs that were common among the three types of OP and the DEGs that were unique to patients with MIO were determined...
May 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749469/association-between-sox9-and-ca9-in-glioma-and-its-effects-on-chemosensitivity-to-tmz
#20
Xiaoshan Xu, Zhen Wang, Nan Liu, Yingduan Cheng, Weilin Jin, Pengxing Zhang, Xin Wang, Hongwei Yang, Hui Liu, Yongsheng Zhang, Yanyang Tu
Temozolomide (TMZ) is a standard chemotherapeutic drug used in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM); however, resistance to this drug is common. SRY-Box 9 (SOX9) expression is associated with a poor prognosis of patients with GBM and with resistance to TMZ. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of SOX9 inhibition on the sensitivity of glioma cells to TMZ treatment. We knocked down the expression of SOX9 (SOX9KD) via lentiviral infection in two glioblastoma (U87 and U251) cell lines, and the cells were then subjected to gene microarray, Gene Ontology and KEGG analysis pathway, all of which revealed a close association between SOX9 and the carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) gene...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
keyword
keyword
50218
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"