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Elective PCI

E O Vershinina, A N Repin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyze long-term outcomes, to identify their predictors and to develop a model for determining the risk of long-term adverse сardiovascular events after elective percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study included 151 patients 6 years after the elective PCI. Outcomes were assessed by analyzing medical records and telephone interviews. The primary composite end point of the study was a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACCE), including death from cardiovascular causes, acute coronary syndrome, acute cerebrovascular accident...
2018: Kardiologiia
E O Vershinina, A N Repin, M S Timofeev, V V Udut
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare the effect of loading doses of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on the value of the acute kidney injury and acute inflammatory response to elective percutaneous coronary interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An open prospective comparative study included 68 patients referred for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). At baseline, all patients had been taking statins for a long time as a standard lipid-lowering therapy. The first group included 33 patients who received a loading dose of 80 mg of atorvastatin (As) 12 hours before the intervention with saving this dose for 2-6 days...
2018: Kardiologiia
Guidong Shen, Hongmin Zhu, Hong Ding, Chaoyang Sun, Kun Zhou, Yan Fan, Tao Li, Min Men, Yuewu Chen, Qun Lu, Aiqun Ma
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of cystatin C in ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients who underwent elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 664 STEMI patients from 7 centers who were treated with elective PCI. These patients were divided into 3 groups according their admission cystatin C levels as < 0.84, 0.84-1.03 and ≥1.04mg/L. The all-cause mortalities and the composite endpoints, including mortality, reinfarction, rehospitalization for heart failure and angina or repeat target vessel revascularization were observed for up to 5 years...
June 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Daan Cottens, Joren Maeremans, Keir McCutcheon, Scott Lamers, Lien Roux, Jolien Duponselle, Johan Bennett, Jo Dens
AIMS: The prognostic value of postprocedural high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTO) is currently unclear. We aimed to assess the prognostic value of elevated hs-TnT after elective CTO-PCI. METHODS: The current study included 409 patients undergoing elective CTO-PCI between September 2011 and August 2016 at two centres who had postprocedural hs-TnT measurements available. Clinical, angiographic and procedural characteristics were correlated with any or at least five times the 99th percentile hs-TnT elevation, as well as a 1-year combined endpoint of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and mortality...
July 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
D I Tomilova, Y A Karpov, V V Lopukhova
PURPOSE: To study adherence to therapy with statins and its relation to development of cardio-vascular complications (CVC) in patients with stable angina after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at five-year observation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 574 patients with stable angina (81 % men, mean age 60.3 years) hospitalized for elective PCI. All patients were prescribed therapy in accordance with recommendations on management of stable angina including statins...
May 2018: Kardiologiia
Natasha Corballis, Sujay Chadran, Neil Mangrolia, Kashif Ashraf, Toomas Sarev, Alisdair Ryding
A chronically persistent left atrial pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of valvular surgery, trauma, myocardial infarction and endocaritis but this is the first known description of a chronic pseudoaneurysm as a complication of coronary rupture during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We report computed tomography images depicting this in the case of elective PCI in an 81-year-old gentleman for limiting angina.
May 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Pedro Gabriel Melo de Barros E Silva, Henrique Barbosa Ribeiro, Renato Delascio Lopes, Thiago Andrade Macedo, Fabio Conejo, Antônio Cláudio do Amaral Baruzzi, Mariana Yumi Okada, Jose Carlos Teixeira Garcia, Marcelo Jamus Rodrigues, Valter Furlan, Expedito E Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR®) Database is commonly used for quality-improvement initiatives in North America, but little is known about the application of this tool in other regions of the world. METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted due to myocardial infarction (MI) and/or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January 2012 until December 2015 in a Brazilian private cardiovascular hospital were included respectively in ACTION REGISTRY®-GWTG™ and CathPCI Registry®...
May 26, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Annunziata Nusca, Marco Miglionico, Claudio Proscia, Laura Ragni, Massimiliano Carassiti, Francesca Lassandro Pepe, Germano Di Sciascio
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a serious complication during percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). Currently, the diagnosis of CI-AKI relies on serum creatinine (SCr) that is however affected by several limitations potentially leading to delayed or missed diagnoses. In this study we examined the diagnostic accuracy of a "bedside" measurement of plasma Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) in the early detection of CI-AKI in 97 patients undergoing elective PCI. The overall incidence of CI-AKI was 3%...
2018: PloS One
E Z Golukhova, M V Grigoryan, M N Ryabinina, N I Bulaeva
OBJECTIVE: to determine impact of different laboratory and genetic factors on high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HOPR) during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). METHODS: We included in this study 94 patients with stable ischemic heart disease (mean age 59±9.67 years). All patients underwent elective PCI with implantation of drug eluting stents at the background of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel. Platelet reactivity was assessed using light transmission aggregometry with 5 μmol/L ADP (LTA 5ADP) and VerifyNow assay before PCI...
April 2018: Kardiologiia
Hossein Doustkami, Saeed Sadeghieh Ahari, Effat Irani Jam, Afshin Habibzadeh
Background: Eptifibatide is a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist used for the prevention of cardiac ischemic complications of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Eptifibatide has been used with bolus dose only or bolus plus infusion in patients undergoing PCI which have shown less complications, but the risk of bleeding has been increased. We aimed to compare the outcome and bleeding rate of bolus dose alone or plus infusion in elective PCI. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, we compared the outcome of elective PCI following single bolus dose intracoronary (41 patients) or bolus plus intravenous infusion (19 patients) of eptifibatide...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
Mariusz Tomaniak, Janusz Kochman, Łukasz Kołtowski, Arkadiusz Pietrasik, Adam Rdzanek, Jacek Jąkała, Klaudia Proniewska, Krzysztof Malinowski, Dorota Ochijewicz, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Salvatore Brugaletta, Grzegorz Opolski
BACKGROUND: Early-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) have been shown to accelerate neoatherogenesis. Limited optical coherence tomography (OCT) data on the very long-term neoatherosclerosis progression after DES implantation are available. AIM: The aim of this study was a serial OCT evaluation of neoatherosclerosis at 3 and 9 years after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES). METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing elective PCI with SES (Cypher, Cordis) or PES (Taxus, Boston Scientific) were included in this single-centre, longitudinal study...
May 11, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
Woong Gil Choi, Seung Woon Rha, Byoung Geol Choi, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Ahmed Mashaly, Yoonjee Park, Won Young Jang, Woohyeun Kim, Jah Yeon Choi, Eun Jin Park, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo
PURPOSE: Prediabetes is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, data on the long term adverse clinical outcomes of prediabetic patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) are scarce. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 674 consecutive non-diabetic patients who underwent elective PCI between April 2007 and November 2010. Prediabetes was defined as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 5...
June 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Shingo Yamamoto, Kenichi Sakakura, Yousuke Taniguchi, Kei Yamamoto, Hiroshi Wada, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
Bleeding complications following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) have been closely associated with morbidity and mortality. Although radial arteries have been widely used in current PCI, including primary PCI, transfemoral PCI remains necessary for complex PCI. The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of complications following elective transfemoral PCI between manual compression with and without protamine. We identified 249 consecutive patients who underwent elective transfemoral PCI from hospital records, and divided them into two groups: patients who used protamine for manual compression (the protamine group; n = 205) and patients who did not (the non-protamine group, n = 44)...
May 9, 2018: International Heart Journal
Mustafa Ahmet Huyut, Aylin Hatice Yamaç
OBJECTIVE: There is limited data on the efficacy and the safety of the transradial approach (TRA) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusion (CTO), particularly in comparison with the transfemoral approach (TFA) in lesions with similar complexity. METHODS: We included 358 patients, who underwent elective CTO PCI between January 2012 and August 2017 and compared the radial (179 patients) and femoral (179 patients) approaches. The J-CTO score was similar in both groups (TRA, 2...
May 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Due to limitations associated with clopidogrel following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), other newer oral anti-platelet agents are being studied. We aimed to systematically carry out a direct comparison of outcomes observed with prasugrel versus clopidogrel following PCI. METHODS: Common online searched databases (The Cochrane library, EMBASE, MEDLINE and Google scholar) were used to retrieve relevant publications. Primary endpoints were the adverse cardiovascular outcomes...
May 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Zhe-Bin You, Kai-Yang Lin, Wei-Ping Zheng, Chun-Jin Lin, Fan Lin, Tai-Lin Guo, Peng-Li Zhu, Yan-Song Guo
Purpose: Inflammatory factors play a critical role in contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). Prealbumin, a nutritional and inflammatory indicator, is a well-established predictor of short- and long-term outcomes in numerous clinical conditions. The current study investigated the association of pre-procedural prealbumin levels with CI-AKI and long-term outcomes in geriatric patients after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients and methods: A total of 558 patients aged≥75 years, who underwent elective PCI between January 2012 and December 2015, were selected for the current study...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Ae-Young Her, Eun-Seok Shin, Joo Myung Lee, Scot Garg, Joon-Hyung Doh, Chang-Wook Nam, Bon-Kwon Koo
There is limited data on the efficacy of paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) compared to stents for de novo coronary lesions. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of PCB treatment with stent implantation for de novo coronary lesions after successful plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) guided by fractional flow reserve (FFR). In 200 patients scheduled for elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for de novo lesions, FFR was measured after POBA (POBA-FFR). If POBA-FFR was ≥ 0.75, patients were treated with PCB (PCB group, n = 78) or stent (Stent group, n = 73)...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Paul D Morris, Javaid Iqbal, Claudio Chiastra, Wei Wu, Francesco Migliavacca, Julian P Gunn
OBJECTIVES: To perform detailed analysis of stent expansion, vessel wall stress, hemodynamics, re-endothelialization, restenosis, and repeat PCI in the simultaneous kissing stents (SKS) technique of bifurcation left main stem (LMS) stenting. BACKGROUND: The SKS technique is useful to treat patients with true bifurcation disease of the LMS but remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Computational structural analysis of SKS expansion demonstrated undistorted and evenly expanded stents...
April 25, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Tullio Palmerini, Diego Della Riva, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Martin B Leon, Patrick W Serruys, Pieter C Smits, Clemens von Birgelen, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Philippe Généreux, Antonio G Bruno, Paul Jenkins, Gregg W Stone
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the impact of nonemergent, uncomplicated target lesion revascularization (TLR) on the risk of long-term mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Restenosis requiring TLR after PCI is generally considered a benign event. METHODS: The study pooled patient-level data from 21 randomized trials. Subjects dying the same day as or the day after the TLR procedure as well as those with myocardial infarction (MI) the day before, the same day as or the day after TLR were excluded...
May 14, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Paul C Tang, Shahab A Akhter, Satoru Osaki, Lucian Lozonschi, Takushi Kohmoto, Nilto C De Oliveira
Background: Preoperative coronary angiography is often not performed in acute Type A dissection. We examined differences in the incidence of pre-existing coronary disease and subsequent coronary events between patients undergoing acute Type A dissection repair and patients undergoing elective proximal aortic aneurysm repair. Methods: From 2000 to 2015, there were 154 acute Type A dissection repairs and 457 elective proximal aortic aneurysm repairs. We performed a retrospective review to evaluate preoperative coronary disease and postoperative coronary interventions such as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary bypass grafting (CABG)...
June 2017: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
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