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Elective PCI

Shuhei Takahashi, Kazunori Shimada, Katsumi Miyauchi, Tetsuro Miyazaki, Eiryu Sai, Manabu Ogita, Shuta Tsuboi, Hiroshi Tamura, Shinya Okazaki, Tomoyuki Shiozawa, Shohei Ouchi, Tatsuro Aikawa, Tomoyasu Kadoguchi, Hamad Al Shahi, Takuma Yoshihara, Makoto Hiki, Kikuo Isoda, Hiroyuki Daida
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperglycemia plays an important role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease and cardiovascular events. Serum 1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) levels are known to be a clinical marker of postprandial hyperglycemia. However, the impact of 1,5-AG level on cardiovascular events has not been fully investigated. METHODS: We enrolled 240 consecutive patients who had undergone first-time elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with follow-up angiography within 1 year...
October 11, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Ayako Kunimura, Hideki Ishii, Tadayuki Uetani, Toshijirou Aoki, Kazuhiro Harada, Kenshi Hirayama, Yosuke Negishi, Yohei Shibata, Takuya Sumi, Kazuhiro Kawashima, Yosuke Tatami, Toshiki Kawamiya, Dai Yamamoto, Susumu Suzuki, Tetsuya Amano, Toyoaki Murohara
BACKGROUND: The association between malnutrition and cardiovascular prognosis in patients with stable coronary artery disease remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI), a simple tool to assess nutritional risk, and long-term outcomes after elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: This study consisted of 802 patients (age, 70±10 years, male, 69%) who underwent elective PCI...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Gillian Balbir Singh, Soe Hee Ann, Jongha Park, Hyun Chul Chung, Jong Soo Lee, Eun-Sook Kim, Jung Il Choi, Jiho Lee, Shin-Jae Kim, Eun-Seok Shin
OBJECTIVE: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) induces transient episodes of ischemia by the occlusion of blood flow in non-target tissue, before a subsequent ischemia-reperfusion injury. When RIPC is applied before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the kidneys may be protected against ischemia-reperfusion injury and subsequently contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of RIPC for the prevention of CI-AKI in patients with diabetes with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing elective PCI...
2016: PloS One
Nileshkumar J Patel, Dhaval Pau, Nikhil Nalluri, Parth Bhatt, Badal Thakkar, Ritesh Kanotra, Kanishk Agnihotri, Nitesh Ainani, Nilay Patel, Nish Patel, Sapna Shah, Sabeeda Kadavath, Shilpkumar Arora, Azfar Sheikh, Apurva O Badheka, James Lafferty, Carlos Alfonso, Mauricio Cohen
Since the introduction of new antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents in the last decade, large-scale data studying gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are lacking. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we identified all hospitalizations from 2006 to 2012 that required PCI. Temporal trends in the incidence and multivariate predictors of GIB associated with PCI were analyzed. A total of 4,376,950 patients underwent PCI in the United States during the study period...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Carlo Briguori, Gabriella Visconti, Michael Donahue, Vito Di Palma, Francesca De Micco, Giuseppe Signoriello, Amelia Focaccio
INTRODUCTION: Stent delivery failure may occur especially when treating complex coronary artery stenosis. XLIMUS (CARDIONOVUM GmbH, Bonn, Germany) is a new sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) with the following features: 1) cobalt chromium stent platform, with low (73 μm) strut thickness, (2) biodegradable polymer, and 3) potent antiproliferative drug (Sirolimus). Preliminary data suggest that XLIMUS SES may be ideal for the treatment of complex lesions. METHODS: In this registry, we assessed the deliverability, safety, and efficacy of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) using the XLIMUS SES in patients undergoing elective PCI in native coronary vessels for complex de novo lesions, including severe calcification, severe tortuosity, and chronic total occlusion...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Riccardo Cappato, Robert Welsh
The vast clinical research programme for the direct, oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban has generated a wealth of data since the first rivaroxaban approval in 2008 for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing elective hip or knee replacement surgery. While rivaroxaban is widely used across a spectrum of seven indications, there is continuous commitment to investigating its wider benefits in new indications and attempts to refine current evidence. Key data from recently completed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that rivaroxaban is a feasible anticoagulation option for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) undergoing cardioversion or catheter ablation...
September 28, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Taku Inohara, Shun Kohsaka, Ikuko Ueda, Takashi Yagi, Yohei Numasawa, Masahiro Suzuki, Yuichiro Maekawa, Keiichi Fukuda
The aim of this review was to summarize the concept of appropriate use criteria (AUC) regarding percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and document AUC use and impact on clinical practice in Japan, in comparison with its application in the United States. AUC were originally developed to subjectively evaluate the indications and performance of various diagnostic and therapeutic modalities, including revascularization techniques. Over the years, application of AUC has significantly impacted patient selection for PCI in the United States, particularly in non-acute settings...
August 26, 2016: World Journal of Cardiology
Ningyan Wong, Siang Jin Terrance Chua, Fei Gao, Sok Tiang Rosalind Sim, David Matchar, Sung Lung Aaron Wong, Khung Keong Yeo, Wei Chieh Jack Tan, Chee Tang Chin
OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyse the impact of a care coordination protocol on transiting patients with coronary artery disease who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to primary care and its effect on cardiovascular risk factor control. DESIGN: A prospective observational study involving 492 patients who had undergone PCI either electively or after an acute coronary syndrome. SETTING: A tertiary institution in Singapore...
September 12, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Tobias Härle, Uwe Zeymer, Matthias Hochadel, Ralf Zahn, Sebastian Kerber, Bernhard Zrenner, Volker Schächinger, Bernward Lauer, Thorsten Runde, Albrecht Elsässer
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence for beneficial prognostic and economic effects of FFR-guided treatment of stable coronary artery disease. We sought to evaluate the real-world use of FFR measurements in patients undergoing elective coronary angiography. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the data of the prospective ALKK coronary angiography and PCI registry including data of 38 hospitals from January 2010 to December 2013. A total of 100,977 patients undergoing coronary angiography were included...
September 6, 2016: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Yuzhou Li, Chunrong Li, Hongrui Jin, Wenqi Huang
The aim of the study was to investigate the cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in interventional therapy of patients with acute myocardial infarction prior to and after treatment. Fifty-six cases of AMI patients with elective treatment by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were continuously selected. Patients with an incidence of 7-10 days were treated with CMR and echocardiography to evaluate the quality of myocardial infarction, visual score method (VSM), wall motion score abnormality, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)...
September 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Chao-Chien Chang, Yueh-Chung Chen, Eng-Thiam Ong, Wei-Cheng Chen, Chia-Hsiu Chang, Kuan-Jen Chen, Cheng-Wen Chiang
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been widely used to treat acute coronary syndrome but is only recommended as an additional treatment to medical therapy and risk modification in patients with refractory or progressing angina. The number of PCI in this patient population is still increasing. Post-PCI chest pain (PPCP) is one of the common problems of PCI. Its presentation and causes in patients with stable angina are poorly understood. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively collected clinical information of 167 patients who had stable angina and underwent elective PCI, including 70 patients with PPCP 24 hours after procedure and 97 patients without PPCP...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Abdel Rahman A Al Emam, Ahmed Almomani, Syed A Gilani, Wissam I Khalife
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome. It occurs predominantly among younger females, typically in the absence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Presentations vary greatly and this condition can be fatal. Given its rarity, there are no management guidelines. We present six patients with SCAD with different presentations and treatment approaches as examples in our literature review. Two patients presented with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), two with non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and two with cardiac arrest...
September 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
B A L M Deiman, P A L Tonino, K Kouhestani, C E M Schrover, V Scharnhorst, L R C Dekker, N H J Pijls
AIM: This study explores clinical outcome in cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19)-related poor metaboliser patients treated with either clopidogrel or prasugrel after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and investigates whether this could be cost-effective. METHODS AND RESULTS: This single-centre, observational study included 3260 patients scheduled for elective PCI between October 2010 and June 2013 and followed for adverse cardiovascular events until October 2014...
October 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Sarah J Valle, Nayef Alzahrani, Saleh Alzahrani, Thamer Bin Traiki, Winston Liauw, David L Morris
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is an effective treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) from multiple origins, however is associated with increased complications compared to conventional gastrointestinal surgery. The aetiology of enterocutaneous fistulas (ECF) in most cases is a result of various contributing factors and therefore remains a major clinical problem, occurring in 4-34% of patients post-CRS. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and outcome of ECF following CRS/HIPEC...
September 2016: Surgical Oncology
L Cerit, H Duygu, K Gulsen, A Gunsel
AIMS: Statins have favourable effects on the vascular system. However, few data are available regarding the effect of these drugs on patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to determine the impact of prior statin use on coronary blood flow after PCI in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) by using the corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame count (CTFC). METHODS: A total of 80 consecutive eligible patients (mean age: 60 ± 7 years, 65 % male) with the diagnosis of stable CAD who were hospitalised for elective PCI were retrospectively enrolled in our study...
August 25, 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Rachmat Hamonangan, Ika P Wijaya, Siti Setiati, Kuntjoro Harimurti
AIM: to obtain the proportion of frailty and the incidence of 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) as well as to review the impact of frailty on the prognosis of elderly patients with coronary heart disease who underwent elective PCI. METHODS: this is a prospective cohort study to assess the frailty of elderly patients with coronary artery disease that underwent elective PCI in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital using the frailty phenotype criteria. They were subsequently followed-up for 30 days to see whether there was any MACE developed...
April 2016: Acta Medica Indonesiana
Monica Verdoia, Patrizia Pergolini, Roberta Rolla, Chiara Sartori, Matteo Nardin, Alon Schaffer, Lucia Barbieri, Veronica Daffara, Paolo Marino, Giorgio Bellomo, Harry Suryapranata, Giuseppe De Luca
Suboptimal platelet inhibition still represents an important challenge, especially for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs). However, very few are known so far on the predictors of high-residual platelet reactivity (HRPR) despite antiplatelet strategies. Increasing attention has been paid in the last years to the role of vitamin D in atherothrombosis. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of vitamin D levels on platelet function in patients treated with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT)...
September 2016: Platelets
Apurva A Motivala, Valay Parikh, Matthew Roe, David Dai, J Dawn Abbott, Abhiram Prasad, Debabrata Mukherjee
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine predictors, trends, and outcomes associated with β-blocker prescriptions at discharge in patients with stable angina without prior history of myocardial infarction (MI) or systolic heart failure (HF) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: The benefits of β-blockers in patients with MI and/or systolic HF are well established. However, whether β-blockers affect outcomes in patients with stable angina, especially after PCI, remains uncertain...
August 22, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Jacek Golański, Kamila Syska, Krzysztof Chiżynski, Hassan Kassasir, Cezary Watała, Agata Sakowicz, Wiktor Kuliczkowski
INTRODUCTION Recently, the responder status to clopidogrel therapy has been observed to change over time. OBJECTIVES The aim of the study was to investigate changes in the responder status to clopidogrel therapy over time with the use of 4 platelet function tests (light transmission aggregometry [LTA], multiple electrode aggregometry [MEA], vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation, and INNOVANCE® PFA P2Y assays [PFA]) in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We also compared the results of these tests to determine the most reliable method...
August 18, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
Ehab S El Desoky, Ayman K M Hassan, Safaa Y Salem, Sabah A Fadil, Amira F Taha
BACKGROUND: Atorvastatin and remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) have beneficial cardiovascular protective effects. The aim of the study was to investigate possible effect of this drug alone and in combination with RIPC on the biochemical changes induced by ischemic/reperfusion injury (I/R) in a combined study with a clinical and experimental animal arm. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were divided into three groups (10 each): group I (control group without any preconditioning), group II (patients who were maintained on atorvastatin (80mg/day) for one month before PCI), and group III (similar to group II but PCI was preceded by RIPC)...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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