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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103728/occupational-problems-and-barriers-reported-by-individuals-with-obesity
#1
Randi Nossum, Ann-Elin Johansen, Ingvild Kjeken
BACKGROUND: Even if occupational therapists meet many people with obesity in the course of their work, a majority of them do not seem to view weight management as within their area of professional practice. AIM: To explore the occupational problems and barriers among persons with severe obesity from an occupational therapy perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used the Canadian Model of Occupation and Engagement (CMOP-E) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to identify and analyze prioritized occupational performance problems and barriers perceived by 63 individuals with obesity...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100089/assistive-technology-outcomes-in-post-secondary-students-with-disabilities-the-influence-of-diagnosis-gender-and-class-level
#2
Matt P Malcolm, Marla C Roll
This study investigated how outcomes of assistive technology (AT) services for college students with disabilities are influenced by diagnosis, gender and class-level (e.g., Freshman). Students' pre- and post-intervention ratings of their performance and satisfaction of common academic tasks (using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, COPM) were analyzed, as well as students' responses on a survey about AT service provision, use, and preferences. Data from 455 students revealed "learning disability" to be the most prevalent diagnosis (38%), similar numbers of females and males served, and Freshmen (23...
January 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096664/predictors-of-outcomes-following-reablement-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#3
Hanne Tuntland, Ingvild Kjeken, Eva Langeland, Bjarte Folkestad, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Førland, Mona Kristin Aaslund
BACKGROUND: Reablement is a rehabilitation intervention for community-dwelling older adults, which has recently been implemented in several countries. Its purpose is to improve functional ability in daily occupations (everyday activities) perceived as important by the older person. Performance and satisfaction with performance in everyday life are the major outcomes of reablement. However, the evidence base concerning which factors predict better outcomes and who receives the greatest benefit in reablement is lacking...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049480/effectiveness-of-sensor-monitoring-in-an-occupational-therapy-rehabilitation-program-for-older-individuals-after-hip-fracture-the-so-hip-trial-study-protocol-of-a-three-arm-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial
#4
Margriet C Pol, Gerben Ter Riet, Margo van Hartingsveldt, Ben Kröse, Sophia E de Rooij, Bianca M Buurman
BACKGROUND: The performance of activities of daily living (ADL) at home is important for the recovery of older individuals after hip fracture. However, 20-90% of these individuals lose ADL function and never fully recover. It is currently unknown to what extent occupational therapy (OT) with coaching based on cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) improves recovery. The same holds for sensor monitoring-based coaching in addition to OT. Here, we describe the design of a study investigating the effect of sensor monitoring embedded in an OT rehabilitation program on the recovery of ADL among older individuals after hip fracture...
January 3, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034509/maxcog-maximizing-cognition-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-goal-oriented-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-early-alzheimer-disease
#5
Bridget Regan, Yvonne Wells, Maree Farrow, Paul O'Halloran, Barbara Workman
OBJECTIVES: To review the efficacy of a home-based four-session individualized face-to-face cognitive rehabilitation (MAXCOG) intervention for clients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or early dementia and their close supporters. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial comparing the intervention group (MAXCOG) with treatment as usual (control). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 55 client-supporter dyads were enrolled in the study and 40 completed; 25 client-supporter dyads completed MAXCOG and 15 completed treatment as usual...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941505/perceptions-of-the-canadian-occupational-performance-measure-in-enhancing-the-client-centered-approach-in-the-rehabilitation-process-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Anette Enemark Larsen, Betina Rasmussen
The objective of this qualitative systematic review is to identify whether the use of the Canadian occupational performance measure (COPM) enhances the perceived experience of a client-centered approach throughout the rehabilitation process. Specifically the review questions are:How do healthcare professionals and their clients perceive the use of the COPM as an instrument to enhance the client-centered approach in the rehabilitation process?Does the use of the COPM provide a more client-centered approach and more involvement in the rehabilitation process, as experienced by the client and professionals?How do the clients and/or the professionals perceive the usability of the COPM in regard to facilitating the client-centered approach in specific settings or phases of the rehabilitation process?...
November 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927938/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-children-with-perinatal-stroke-and-hemiparesis
#7
Adam Kirton, Patrick Ciechanski, Ephrem Zewdie, John Andersen, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Helen Carlson, Lisa Carsolio, Mia Herrero, Jillian Quigley, Aleksandra Mineyko, Jacquie Hodge, Michael Hill
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the addition of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to intensive therapy increases motor function in children with perinatal stroke and hemiparetic cerebral palsy. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial. Participants were recruited from a population-based cohort with MRI-classified unilateral perinatal stroke, age of 6 to 18 years, and disabling hemiparesis. All completed a goal-directed, peer-supported, 2-week after-school motor learning camp (32 hours of therapy)...
January 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864822/caregiver-directed-home-based-intensive-bimanual-training-in-young-children-with-unilateral-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-trial
#8
Claudio L Ferre, Marina Brandão, Bhavini Surana, Ashley P Dew, Noelle G Moreau, Andrew M Gordon
AIM: To examine the efficacy of caregiver-directed, home-based intensive bimanual training in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP) using a randomized control trial. METHOD: Twenty-four children (ages 2y 6mo-10y 1mo; 10 males, 14 females) performed home-based activities directed by a caregiver for 2 hours per day, 5 days per week, for 9 weeks (total=90h). Cohorts of children were age-matched into groups and randomized to receive home-based hand-arm bimanual intensive therapy (H-HABIT; n=12) or lower-limb functional intensive training (LIFT-control; n=12)...
November 19, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761966/efficacy-of-occupational-therapy-task-oriented-approach-in-upper-extremity-post-stroke-rehabilitation
#9
Khader A Almhdawi, Virgil G Mathiowetz, Matthew White, Robert C delMas
There is a need for more effective rehabilitation methods for individuals post-stroke. Occupational Therapy Task-Oriented (TO) approach has not been evaluated in a randomized clinical trial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate functional and impairment efficacies of TO approach on the more-affected Upper Extremity (UE) of persons post-stroke. A randomized single-blinded cross-over trial recruited 20 participants post-stroke (mean chronicity = 62 months) who demonstrated at least 10° active more-affected shoulder flexion and abduction and elbow flexion-extension...
December 2016: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731530/patient-versus-proxy-reported-problematic-activities-of-daily-life-in-patients-with-copd
#10
Nienke Nakken, Daisy J A Janssen, Esther H A van den Bogaart, Monique van Vliet, Geeuwke J de Vries, Gerben P Bootsma, Michiel H M Gronenschild, Jeannet M L Delbressine, Jean W M Muris, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Loved ones (proxies) of patients with COPD are confronted with the patients' limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs). However, it remains unknown whether proxies are able to correctly estimate the problematic ADLs of the patient. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the level of agreement between patient-reported and proxy-reported problematic ADLs of the patient. METHODS: Stable outpatients with moderate to very severe COPD (n = 194) and their resident proxies (n = 194) were included in this cross-sectional study...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705006/effects-of-nintendo-wii-%C3%A2-training-on-occupational-performance-balance-and-daily-living-activities-in-children-with-spastic-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy-a-single-blind-and-randomized-trial
#11
Songül Atasavun Uysal, Gül Baltaci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing how the addition of Nintendo Wii(™) (NW) system to the traditional therapy influences occupational performance, balance, and daily living activities in children with spastic hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a single-blind and randomized trial involving 24 children aged 6-14 years, classified as level I or II on the Gross Motor Function Classification System. The children were allocated into two groups: an intervention and a control group, and their families participated in the study...
October 5, 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689863/use-of-a-modified-canadian-occupational-performance-measure-for-assistive-technology-outcomes-in-postsecondary-education
#12
Ashley Pinkelman, Marla Roll, David Greene
The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) has been used to assess the effectiveness of assistive technology (AT). We explored whether a modified COPM was sensitive to change in perceived performance and satisfaction, and whether frequency of AT use resulted in greater change in the domains measured (reading, writing, note-taking, test-taking, and study skills). Significant interactions were found between time and use frequency with greater change in perceived performance in the daily-use group in several domains...
October 2016: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621647/psychometric-properties-of-the-canadian-occupational-performance-measure-in-home-dwelling-older-adults
#13
Hanne Tuntland, Mona Kristin Aaslund, Eva Langeland, Birgitte Espehaug, Ingvild Kjeken
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) is an occupational therapy instrument designed to help participants identify, prioritize, and evaluate performance of important occupations. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the validity, responsiveness, interpretability, and feasibility of the COPM when used by various health professions in home-dwelling older adults receiving reablement. Reablement is a new form of multidisciplinary home-based rehabilitation for older adults experiencing functional decline...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599732/structural-basis-for-copper-silver-binding-by-the-synechocystis-metallochaperone-copm
#14
Shun Zhao, Xiao Wang, Guoqi Niu, Wei Dong, Jia Wang, Ying Fang, Yajing Lin, Lin Liu
Copper homeostasis integrates multiple processes from sensing to storage and efflux out of the cell. CopM is a cyanobacterial metallochaperone, the gene for which is located upstream of a two-component system for copper resistance, but the molecular basis for copper recognition by this four-helical bundle protein is unknown. Here, crystal structures of CopM in apo, copper-bound and silver-bound forms are reported. Monovalent copper/silver ions are buried within the bundle core; divalent copper ions are found on the surface of the bundle...
September 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487375/assessment-of-impairment-in-activities-of-daily-living-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-using-an-individualized-scale
#15
Giseli de Fátima Dos Santos Chaves, Alexandra Martini Oliveira, Juliana Aparecida Dos Santos Chaves, Orestes Vicente Forlenza, Ivan Aprahamian, Paula Villela Nunes
Mild impairment in activities of daily living (ADL) can occur in Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), but the nature and extent of these difficulties need to be further explored. The Canadian occupational performance measure (COPM) is one of the few individualized scales designed to identify self-perceived difficulties in ADL. The present study investigated impairments in ADL using the COPM in elderly with MCI. A total of 58 MCI patients were submitted to the COPM for studies of its validity and reliability. The COPM proved a valid and consistent instrument for evaluating ADL in elderly MCI patients...
July 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456165/burnout-and-occupational-participation-among-dentists-with-teaching-responsibilities-in-universities
#16
Meral Huri, Nilsun Bağiş, Hakan Eren, Onur Başibüyük, Sedef Şahin, Mutlu Umaroğlu, Kaan Orhan
The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of burnout and explore the relationships between burnout and occupational participation among dentists with teaching responsibilities. Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) was used to evaluate occupational participation with questions on demographic information among 155 dentists with teaching responsibilities. Age, gender, years of experience, academic position were the factors affecting level of burnout and occupational participation. Occupational performance score was negatively correlated with emotional exhausment (r = -...
July 26, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375598/extracellular-proteins-novel-key-components-of-metal-resistance-in-cyanobacteria
#17
Joaquín Giner-Lamia, Sara B Pereira, Miquel Bovea-Marco, Matthias E Futschik, Paula Tamagnini, Paulo Oliveira
Metals are essential for all living organisms and required for fundamental biochemical processes. However, when in excess, metals can turn into highly-toxic agents able to disrupt cell membranes, alter enzymatic activities, and damage DNA. Metal concentrations are therefore tightly controlled inside cells, particularly in cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are ecologically relevant prokaryotes that perform oxygenic photosynthesis and can be found in many different marine and freshwater ecosystems, including environments contaminated with heavy metals...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242925/the-efficacy-of-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-improving-function-in-people-with-chronic-pain
#18
Svetlana Kurklinsky, Rachel B Perez, Elke R Lacayo, Christopher D Sletten
Objective. To examine the efficacy of interdisciplinary rehabilitation for improving function in people with chronic pain. Design. Retrospective Chart Review. Setting. The Pain Rehabilitation Center (PRC) at a medical center. Participants. Individuals admitted to the PRC. Interventions. The PRC operates a 3-week outpatient program that utilizes an interdisciplinary approach to treat people with chronic pain. The main treatment elements include physical therapy, occupational therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and medication management...
2016: Pain Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233588/rehabilitation-after-spasticity-correcting-upper-limb-surgery-in-tetraplegia
#19
Johanna Wangdell, Jan Fridén
OBJECTIVE: To describe the early active rehabilitation concept developed for spasticity-correcting surgery in tetraplegia and to report the outcomes in grip ability and change of performance and satisfaction in patients' prioritized activities 1 year postoperatively. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: Nonprofit rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent surgeries for correction of spasticity in tetraplegic hands between 2009 and 2013 in the studied unit (N=37)...
June 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27233587/rehabilitation-after-posterior-deltoid-to-triceps-transfer-in-tetraplegia
#20
Sabrina Koch-Borner, Jennifer A Dunn, Jan Fridén, Johanna Wangdell
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the rehabilitation concept after posterior deltoid to triceps transfer in patients with tetraplegia. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Rehabilitation units. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with tetraplegia who had posterior deltoid to triceps tendon transfer and had muscle strength measurements 1 year postsurgery from 2009 to 2013 (N=44). INTERVENTIONS: Posterior deltoid to triceps tendon transfer to restore elbow extension and postoperative rehabilitation...
June 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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