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JuHyung Park
[Purpose] The purpose of this research is to take a look at the influences of client-centered therapy on the level of everyday life performance, the level of satisfaction, and the quality of life of the chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] This research used client-centered therapy with two chronic stroke and hemiplegia patients as subjects. The therapy was carried out once a day, five times a week, for thirty minutes at a time for four weeks. Also, five kinds of training were included in the medical treatment programs which were organized after the initial Canadian occupational performance measure (COPM) evaluations...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Gitendra Uswatte, Edward Taub, Mary H Bowman, Adriana Delgado, Camille Bryson, David M Morris, Staci Mckay, Joydip Barman, Victor W Mark
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of an expanded form of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (eCIMT) that renders CIMT, originally designed for treating mild-to-moderate upper-extremity hemiparesis, suitable for treating severe hemiparesis. METHODS: Twenty-one adults ≥1 year after stroke with severe upper-extremity hemiparesis (with little or no capacity to make movements with the more-affected hand) were randomly assigned to eCIMT (n = 10), a placebo-control procedure (n = 4), or usual care (n = 7)...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Charlene M T Robertson, Shannon M DeForge, Cara F Dosman
Objectives: To determine the domains of parent-therapist collaboratively set goals for intervention within a family-centered, tertiary-level early developmental intervention (EDI) program. To report changes in ratings for performance and satisfaction of performance pre- and postintervention for the set goals. Methods: This study includes all children with complex developmental disabilities (30 ± 3 months of age, 61% boys) registered in a tertiary-level EDI program from 2009 to 2012 whose parents completed the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) to evaluate goal setting...
July 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Colleen Maher, Rochelle J Mendonca
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of a 1-wk activity program on the health, quality of life (QOL), and occupational performance of community-living women diagnosed with cancer. METHOD: A one-group pretest-posttest repeated-measures design was used. Participants completed a functional health measure (36-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-36]), a QOL measure (World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief version [WHOQOL-BREF]), and an occupational performance and satisfaction measure (Canadian Occupational Performance Measure [COPM]) before and 6 wk after program completion...
March 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Dana R Anaby, Mary Law, Debbie Feldman, Annette Majnemer, Lisa Avery
AIM: This study examined the effectiveness of the Pathways and Resources for Engagement and Participation (PREP) intervention in improving the participation of adolescents in community-based activities. METHOD: Twenty-eight adolescents (14 males, 14 females), aged 12 to 18 years (mean 14y 6mo, SD 21.6mo) with moderate physical disabilities participated in a 12-week PREP intervention. An interrupted time series design with multiple baselines was employed, replicating the intervention effect across three chosen activities and all participants...
February 6, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
E Demou, M Hanson, A Bakhshi, M Kennedy, E B Macdonald
Background: Working Health Service Scotland (WHSS) supports the self-employed and employees of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Scotland with a health condition affecting their ability to work, who are either absent or at risk of becoming absent due to it. Aims: To evaluate the impact on health and work outcomes of WHSS clients over a 4-year period. Methods: Data were collected at enrolment, entry, discharge and follow-up at 3 and 6 months after discharge...
January 30, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Jason Peeler, Jacquie Ripat
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis has a lifetime risk of nearly one in two, with obese individuals being most susceptible. While exercise is universally recognized as a critical component for management, unsafe or ineffective exercise frequently leads to exacerbation of joint symptoms. AIM: Evaluate the effect of a 12week lower body positive pressure (LBPP) supported low-load treadmill walking program on knee pain, joint function, and performance of daily activities in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
January 8, 2018: Knee
Tove Lise Nielsen, Niels Trolle Andersen, Kirsten Schultz Petersen, Helene Polatajko, Claus Vinther Nielsen
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in enabling older adults' occupational performance. We tested whether 11 weeks of intensive client-centred occupational therapy (ICC-OT) was superior to usual practice in improving the occupational performance of home-dwelling older adults. METHODS: An assessor-masked randomized controlled trial among adults 60 + with chronic health issues, who received or applied for homecare services. Recruitment took place September 2012 to April 2014...
January 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Gopi C Khilnani, Pawan Tiwari
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review describes current status of air pollution in India, summarizes recent research on adverse health effects of ambient and household air pollution, and outlines the ongoing efforts and future actions required to improve air quality and reduce morbidity and mortality because of air pollution in India. RECENT FINDINGS: Global burden of disease data analysis reveals more than one million premature deaths attributable to ambient air pollution in 2015 in India...
January 2, 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Per Fischer, Marcus Sagerfors, Ole Brus, Kurt Pettersson
PURPOSE: Management of failed total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) can be challenging; surgical treatment options include salvage arthrodesis, revision arthroplasty, and resection arthroplasty. There are few studies regarding salvage arthrodesis, and revision arthroplasty has been infrequently investigated. The aim of the study was to report the outcome after revision arthroplasty of the wrist. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 16 revision TWAs was evaluated between 2003 and 2016...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
D S Amaral, A L B P Duarte, S S Barros, S V Cavalcanti, A Ranzolin, V M M Leite, A T Dantas, A S C R C Oliveira, P S Santos, J C A Silva, C D L Marques
This study aims to evaluate the use of assistive devices as a strategy in non-pharmacological treatment for hand osteoarthritis (HOA). This is a randomized, prospective, parallel, assessor-blinded clinical trial, in which patients with a diagnosis of HOA were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG), where they received assistive devices for daily life activities, or to a control group (CG), where they received a guideline leaflet with information on joint protection and disease features. The primary outcomes considered were occupational performance, measured by the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), and hand function was evaluated through the Score for the Assessment and Quantification of Chronic Rheumatoid Affections of the Hands (SACRAH)...
March 2018: Rheumatology International
Matt P Malcolm, Marla C Roll
The impact of assistive technology (AT) services for college students with less-apparent disabilities is under-reported. Using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), we assessed student Performance and Satisfaction ratings of common academic tasks at the start and end of a semester during which 105 student-clients with less-apparent disabilities received AT services. We examined if COPM initial and change scores related to personal characteristics of gender, class-level (e.g., Sophomore), and STEM education; if personal characteristics predicted a student's follow-through with an AT service referral (n = 231); and if personal characteristics and initial COPM scores predicted dropout from AT services (n = 187)...
November 20, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Claude Vincent, Dany H Gagnon, Frédéric Dumont
PURPOSE: To assess the effects of a mobility service dog (MSD) on pain, fatigue, wheelchair-related functional tasks, participation and satisfaction among manual wheelchair users over a nine-month period. METHOD: A longitudinal study with repeated assessment times before and three, six and nine months after intervention was achieved. Intervention consisted in partnering each participant with a MSD. The setting is a well-established provincial service dog training school and participants homes...
November 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Catherine Donnelly, Colleen O'Neill, Martha Bauer, Lori Letts
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) can be used as an outcome measure in primary care and to identify the occupational performance profiles in this setting. METHOD: First, the COPM was administered to all eligible clients at two sites. Second, a focus group with participating occupational therapists explored the feasibility of using the COPM in primary care. RESULTS: A total of 161 COPMs were initially administered...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Helena Pité, Mário Morais-Almeida, Sílvia M Rocha
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Metabolomics has been used to uncover the metabolic signatures of asthma, both for biomarker identification and pathophysiologic mechanisms research. We aimed to review recent advances in this field, published since 2016, and discuss these findings implications to future research and application into clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Experimental asthma models and clinical studies in both children and adults supported independent metabolic signatures of asthma...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Anette Enemark Larsen, Anne-Le Morville, Tina Hansen
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) is a recognized assessment tool within Danish occupational therapy (OT), and translated versions of the COPM have been implemented in Danish OT practice. However, a rigorous translation and cross-cultural validation process has not been applied to these versions. AIMS: To produce a new Danish translation of the COPM evaluating its semantic, conceptual, operational and item equivalence while addressing its face and content validity...
October 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Geoffroy Saussez, Marina B Brandão, Andrew M Gordon, Yannick Bleyenheuft
Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy (HABIT) promotes hand function using intensive practice of bimanual functional and play tasks. This intervention has shown to be efficacious to improve upper-extremity (UE) function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). In addition to UE function deficits, lower-extremity (LE) function and UE-LE coordination are also impaired in children with USCP. Recently, a new intervention has been introduced in which the LE is simultaneously engaged during HABIT (Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy Including Lower Extremities; HABIT-ILE)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Neda Ghorbani, Mehdi Rassafiani, Sara Izadi-Najafabadi, Farzaneh Yazdani, Nazila Akbarfahimi, Naser Havaei, Soraya Gharebaghy
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common cause of physical disabilities during childhood. Therapeutic interventions mainly focus on impairment reduction to address motor-based difficulties. In contrast, Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) is a cognitive approach, providing intervention at the level of activity and participation. AIMS: This study aims to determine whether the CO-OP approach improves motor skills and achievement in motor-based occupational performance goals in children with CP...
October 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Mihee An, Robert J Palisano, Chung-Hwi Yi, Lisa A Chiarello, Carl J Dunst, Edward J Gracely
AIMS: To examine the effects of a four-step collaborative intervention process on parent and child outcomes and describe parents' and therapists' experiences. METHODS: Eighteen children with physical disabilities, their mothers, and 16 physical therapists participated. Therapists randomized to the experimental group were instructed in the collaborative intervention process. All family-therapist dyads participated in six weekly sessions. Outcomes included the adapted Family Empowerment Scale (FES) and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)...
September 20, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Devashish Tiwari, Carol Daly, Bara Alsalaheen
Adolescents with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often discharged from physical therapy (PT) services without transitioning into exertional conditioning programs. Active participation in physical activities with peers at school is essential to achieve a sense of accomplishment and acceptance. Factors such as reduced aerobic fitness and residual gait impairments can lead to limited participation and peer interaction. The purpose of this case report was to describe the impact of home-based circuit training (HBCT) focusing on strength and balance on gait speed (GS), energy expenditure, and functional performance in a 17-year-old female with severe TBI...
February 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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