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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090296/endotoxin-and-mechanical-stress-induced-epigenetic-changes-in-the-regulation-of-the-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyltransferase-promoter
#1
Venkateswaran Ramamoorthi Elangovan, Sara M Camp, Gabriel T Kelly, Ankit A Desai, Djanybek Adyshev, Xiaoguang Sun, Stephen M Black, Ting Wang, Joe G N Garcia
Mechanical ventilation, a lifesaving intervention for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), also unfortunately contributes to excessive mechanical stress and impaired lung physiological and structural integrity. We have elsewhere established the pivotal role of increased nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) transcription and secretion as well as its direct binding to the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in the progression of this devastating syndrome; however, regulation of this critical gene in ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is not well characterized...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078116/pretreatment-tumor-volume-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-treated-with-selective-internal-radiation-to-the-liver-using-yttrium-90-resin-microspheres
#2
Neha Bhooshan, Navesh K Sharma, Shahed Badiyan, Adeel Kaiser, Fred M Moeslein, Young Kwok, Pradip P Amin, Svetlana Kudryasheva, Michael D Chuong
BACKGROUND: Yttrium-90 ((90)Y)-resin microspheres can prolong intrahepatic disease control and improve overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Prognostic factors for improved outcomes in patients undergoing selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) have been studied, but the relationship between pre-SIRT liver tumor volume and outcomes has not well described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with metastatic CRC who were treated at our institution with (90)Y-resin microspheres...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074772/-nuclear-medicine-techniques-for-selective-internal-radiotherapy-of-liver-cancer
#3
Peter Frøhlich Staanum, Anne Kirstine Arveschoug, Stine Maria Jentoft Kramer, Jens Erik Nielsen, Dennis Tønner Nielsen, Peter Ott, Henning Grønbæk, Gerda Elisabeth Villadsen
Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) of hepatocellular carcinoma has been introduced at Aarhus University Hospital. 90Y-microspheres are implanted in the tumour by catheterization of the tumour feeding liver artery. Pretreatment angiography and test treatment using 99mTc-labelled particles followed by scintigraphy ensure a feasible and effective treatment. Post-treatment imaging of radiation from 90Y visualize the localization of microspheres. Currently, SIRT is also applied for liver metastases of neuroendocrine tumours...
January 2, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071652/the-local-nature-of-incompressibility-of-quantum-hall-effect
#4
E M Kendirlik, S Sirt, S B Kalkan, N Ofek, V Umansky, A Siddiki
Since the experimental realization of the integer quantum Hall effect in a two-dimensional electron system, the interrelation between the conductance quantization and the topological properties of the system has been investigated. Assuming that the two-dimensional electron system is described by a Bloch Hamiltonian, system is insulating in the bulk of sample throughout the quantum Hall plateau due to a magnetic field induced energy gap. Meanwhile, the system is conducting at the edges resembling a 2+1 dimensional topological insulator without time-reversal symmetry...
January 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065600/lysyl-oxidase-3-is-a-dual-specificity-enzyme-involved-in-stat3-deacetylation-and-deacetylimination-modulation
#5
Li Ma, Chao Huang, Xiong-Jun Wang, Dazhuan Eric Xin, Li-Shun Wang, Quanli C Zou, Ya-Nan S Zhang, Min-Dian Tan, Yu-Mei Wang, Ting C Zhao, Devasis Chatterjee, Rachel A Altura, Chuangui Wang, Yan S Xu, Jing-Hua Yang, Yong-Sheng Fan, Bao-Hui Han, Jianmin Si, Xiaoren Zhang, Jinke Cheng, Zhijie Chang, Y Eugene Chin
In mammalian cells, histone deacetylase (HDAC) and Sirtuin (SIRT) are two families responsible for removing acetyl groups from acetylated proteins. Here, we describe protein deacetylation coupled with deacetylimination as a function of lysyl oxidase (LOX) family members. LOX-like 3 (Loxl3) associates with Stat3 in the nucleus to deacetylate and deacetyliminate Stat3 on multiple acetyl-lysine sites. Surprisingly, Loxl3 N-terminal scavenger receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) repeats, rather than the C-terminal oxidase catalytic domain, represent the major deacetylase/deacetyliminase activity...
December 29, 2016: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063949/vitamin-d-supplementation-inhibits-oxidative-stress-and-upregulate-sirt1-ampk-glut4-cascade-in-high-glucose-treated-3t3l1-adipocytes-and-in-adipose-tissue-of-high-fat-diet-fed-diabetic-mice
#6
Prasenjit Manna, Arunkumar E Achari, Sushil K Jain
This study examined the hypothesis that vitamin-D prevents oxidative stress and upregulates glucose metabolism via activating insulin-independent signaling molecules in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. To investigate the mechanism 3T3L1 adipocytes were treated with high glucose (HG, 25 mM) and 1,25(OH)2D3 (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3) (0-50 nM). Results showed that 1,25(OH)2D3 supplementation decreased NOX4 expression, ROS production, NF-κB phosphorylation, and increased the expression of Nrf2 and Trx in HG-treated cells...
January 4, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059465/rosmarinic-acid-mediates-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-insulin-resistant-skeletal-muscle-through-activation-of-ampk
#7
Govindaraj Jayanthy, Vellai Roshana Devi, Kaliappan Ilango, Sorimuthu Pillai Subramanian
Rosmarinic acid (RA), a polyphenol, is known to improve hepatic insulin sensitivity in experimental type 2 diabetes. However, its effect on skeletal muscle insulin resistance is meagerly understood. The present study was aimed to investigate the upstream and downstream mediators of the molecular targets of RA in attenuating insulin resistance in the skeletal muscle both in vivo and in vitro. We found that supplementation of RA increased the expression of key genes involved in the mitochondrial biogenesis like PGC-1α, SIRT-1 and TFAM via activation of AMPK in the skeletal muscle of insulin resistant rats as well as in L6 myotubes...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050792/alpha-synuclein-alters-differently-gene-expression-of-sirts-parps-and-other-stress-response-proteins-implications-for-neurodegenerative-disorders
#8
J Motyl, P L Wencel, M Cieślik, R P Strosznajder, J B Strosznajder
Alpha-synuclein (ASN) is a presynaptic protein that can easily change its conformation under different types of stress. It's assumed that ASN plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. However, the molecular mechanism of ASN toxicity has not been elucidated. This study focused on the role of extracellular ASN (eASN) in regulation of transcription of sirtuins (Sirts) and DNA-bound poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) - proteins crucial for cells' survival/death. Our results indicate that eASN enhanced the free radicals level, decreased mitochondria membrane potential, cells viability and activated cells' death...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048122/su-f-j-182-investigation-of-systems-for-improved-accuracy-in-clinical-y-90-percent-delivered-calculations
#9
R McBeth, D Elder, A Kesner
PURPOSE: Y-90 Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) is used to treat liver tumors, and by nature has variability in the percent of the intended dose that is actually delivered. To determine the quality of the administration, pre and post activity measurements are taken, and used to infer percent delivered. Vendor specifications indicate the use of an ion chamber to take these measurements. In our work, we investigated the accuracy of ion chambers, and compared them to other detector systems...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046479/we-ab-bra-05-pet-guided-delivery-quality-evaluation-of-yttrium-90-microsphere-radioembolizaton-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-the-optimal-sequence-of-radioembolizaton-and-chemoembolization-treatments
#10
M Lin, B Saboury
PURPOSE: Selective-internal-radiation-therapy (SIRT) and transarterial-chemoembolization (TACE) are commonly used for treatment of liver tumors. The use of TACE, which is macroembolic, prior to SIRT may cause hemodynamic changes in tumor vasculature that impair yttrium-90 (90Y) microsphere delivery to the targeted lesions. This work aims to quantify dosimetric tumor coverage using 90Y positron emission tomography (PET) dosimetry after SIRT alone compared to TACE followed by SIRT. METHODS: A total of 40 consecutive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) SIRT patients who had a post-SIRT 90Y PET/CT scan were evaluated...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035358/effect-of-glucosamine-on-expression-of-type-ii-collagen-matrix-metalloproteinase-and-sirtuin-genes-in-a-human-chondrocyte-cell-line
#11
Mamoru Igarashi, Koji Sakamoto, Isao Nagaoka
Glucosamine (GlcN) has been widely used to treat osteoarthritis (OA) in humans. However, the effects of GlcN on genes related to cartilage metabolism are still unknown. In the present study, to elucidate the chondroprotective action of GlcN on OA, we examined the effects of GlcN (0.1-10 mM) on the expression of the sirtuin (SIRT) genes as well as type II collagen and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) using a human chondrocyte cell line SW 1353. SW 1353 cells were incubated in the absence or presence of GlcN...
February 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032230/protective-effect-of-p7c3-on-retinal-ganglion-cells-from-optic-nerve-injury
#12
Hidehiro Oku, Seita Morishita, Taeko Horie, Yuko Nishikawa, Teruyo Kida, Masashi Mimura, Shota Kojima, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: To determine whether P7C3-A20, a proneurogenic neuroprotective agent, can protect the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of rats from optic nerve crushing. METHODS: The left optic nerve of 67 rats was crushed, and 5.0 mg/kg/day of P7C3-A20 (crush-P7C3) or its vehicle (crush-placebo) was injected intraperitoneally for 3 days from one day prior to the crushing. The protective effects were determined by the number of Tuj-1-stained RGCs and by the ratio of the mRNA levels of BAX/Bcl-2 on day 7...
December 28, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028356/sirtuins-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#13
REVIEW
Fatiha Nassir, Jamal A Ibdah
Mammalian sirtuins are seven members belonging to the silent information regulator 2 family, a group of Class III histone/protein deacetylases. Sirtuins (SIRT 1-7) have different subcellular localization and function and they regulate cellular protein function through various posttranslational modifications. SIRT1 and 3, the most studied sirtuins, use the product of cellular metabolism nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide as a cofactor to post-translationally deacetylate cellular proteins and consequently link the metabolic status of the cell to protein function...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018839/a-distributed-astra-toolbox
#14
Willem Jan Palenstijn, Jeroen Bédorf, Jan Sijbers, K Joost Batenburg
While iterative reconstruction algorithms for tomography have several advantages compared to standard backprojection methods, the adoption of such algorithms in large-scale imaging facilities is still limited, one of the key obstacles being their high computational load. Although GPU-enabled computing clusters are, in principle, powerful enough to carry out iterative reconstructions on large datasets in reasonable time, creating efficient distributed algorithms has so far remained a complex task, requiring low-level programming to deal with memory management and network communication...
2017: Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008773/radiotherapy-response-evaluation-using-fdg-pet-ct-established-and-emerging-applications
#15
Helen Cliffe, Chirag Patel, Robin Prestwich, Andrew Scarsbrook
Radiation therapy is a common component of curative cancer treatment. However, there is a significant incidence of treatment failure. In these cases salvage surgical options are sometimes appropriate. Accurate assessment of response and early recognition of treatment success or failure is therefore critical to guide treatment decisions and impacts on survival and the morbidity of treatment. Traditionally, treatment response has depended upon anatomical measurement of disease. However, this may not correlate well with the presence of disease, especially after radiotherapy...
December 23, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003954/improved-tomographic-reconstruction-of-large-scale-real-world-data-by-filter-optimization
#16
Daniël M Pelt, Vincent De Andrade
In advanced tomographic experiments, large detector sizes and large numbers of acquired datasets can make it difficult to process the data in a reasonable time. At the same time, the acquired projections are often limited in some way, for example having a low number of projections or a low signal-to-noise ratio. Direct analytical reconstruction methods are able to produce reconstructions in very little time, even for large-scale data, but the quality of these reconstructions can be insufficient for further analysis in cases with limited data...
2017: Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994519/anticancer-effects-of-a-new-sirt-inhibitor-mhy2256-against-human-breast-cancer-mcf-7-cells-via-regulation-of-mdm2-p53-binding
#17
Eun Young Park, Youngwoo Woo, Seong Jin Kim, Do Hyun Kim, Eui Kyung Lee, Umasankar De, Kyeong Seok Kim, Jaewon Lee, Jee H Jung, Ki-Tae Ha, Wahn Soo Choi, In Su Kim, Byung Mu Lee, Sungpil Yoon, Hyung Ryong Moon, Hyung Sik Kim
The sirtuins (SIRTs), a family of NAD(+)-dependent class III histone deacetylase, are involved in various biological processes including cell survival, division, senescence, and metabolism via activation of the stress-response pathway. Recently, inhibition of SIRTs has been considered a promising anticancer strategy, but their precise mechanisms of action are not well understood. In particular, the relevance of p53 to SIRT-induced effects has not been fully elucidated. We investigated the anticancer effects of a novel SIRT inhibitor, MHY2256, and its efficacy was compared to that of salermide in MCF-7 (wild-type p53) and SKOV-3 (null-type p53) cells...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955950/resistive-training-and-molecular-regulators-of-vascular-metabolic-risk-in-chronic-stroke
#18
Alice S Ryan, Guoyan Li, Charlene Hafer-Macko, Frederick M Ivey
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ coactivator (PGC-1α) gene and Sirtuin-1 (SIRT-1) respond to physiological stimuli and regulate insulin resistance. Inflammatory markers tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and the soluble forms of intracellular adhesion molecule (sICAM-1) and vascular CAM-1 (sVCAM-1) are associated with increased risk of diabetes and coronary heart disease. Resistive training (RT) reduces hyperinsulinemia and improves insulin action in chronic stroke...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931834/treatments-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-new-focus-on-a-familiar-concept
#19
REVIEW
M G Zampino, E Magni, P S Ravenda, C A Cella, G Bonomo, P Della Vigna, S Galdy, F Spada, G M Varano, G Mauri, N Fazio, F Orsi
A major challenge for the management of advanced-colorectal-cancer is the multidisciplinary approach required for the treatment of liver metastases. Reducing the burden of liver metastases with liver-directed therapy has an important impact on both survival and health-related quality of life. This paper debates the rationale and current liver-directed approaches for colorectal liver metastases based on the evidence of literature and new clinical trials. Surgery is the gold standard, when feasible, and it's the main treatment goal for patients with potentially-resectable disease as a means of prolonging progression-free survival...
December 2016: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931585/resveratrol-ameliorated-vascular-calcification-by-regulating-sirt-1-and-nrf2
#20
P Zhang, Y Li, Y Du, G Li, L Wang, F Zhou
Pathologic vascular calcification is a significant reason for mortality and morbidity in patients who suffer from end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Resveratrol, a scavenger for many free radicals, is a crucial compound for biomedicine. However, the role and mechanism of resveratrol in vascular calcification is still unknown. In this study, to mimic vascular calcification in ESRD, we used β-glyceophosphate to stimulate the rat vascular smooth muscle cells (RASMCs). We investigate the therapeutic role of resveratrol pretreatment in vascular calcification...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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