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oesophageal carcinoma

Yimin Li, Frank Hofheinz, Christian Furth, Chen Lili, Wu Hua, Pirus Ghadjar, Sebastian Zschaeck
PURPOSE: 18 F-FDG uptake in irradiated non-tumour-affected oesophagus (NTO) on restaging PET is a potential surrogate for the measurement of radiation-induced inflammation. Radiation-induced inflammation itself has been shown to be of high prognostic relevance in patients undergoing preoperative radiochemotherapy (RCT) for locally advanced oesophageal cancer. We assessed the prognostic relevance of FDG uptake in the NTO in an independent cohort of patients treated with definitive RCT...
April 21, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Moritz Jesinghaus, Johanna Strehl, Melanie Boxberg, Frido Brühl, Adrian Wenzel, Björn Konukiewitz, Anna M Schlitter, Katja Steiger, Arne Warth, Andreas Schnelzer, Marion Kiechle, Matthias W Beckmann, Aurelia Noske, Arndt Hartmann, Grit Mehlhorn, Martin C Koch, Wilko Weichert
A novel histopathological grading system based on tumour budding and cell nest size has recently been shown to outperform conventional (WHO-based) grading algorithms in several tumour entities such as lung, oral, and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in terms of prognostic patient stratification. Here, we tested the prognostic value of this innovative grading approach in two completely independent cohorts of SCC of the uterine cervix. To improve morphology-based grading, we investigated tumour budding activity and cell nest size as well as several other histomorphological factors (e...
April 2018: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
Siri A Tvingsholm, Christian Dehlendorff, Kell Østerlind, Søren Friis, Marja Jäättelä
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly used as a supplement to cancer therapy. Yet, their effect on cancer mortality is largely unknown. Using data from Danish nationwide registries and Cox models regressing of both propensity scores and drug use, we estimated hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for cancer-specific and non-cancer death among PPI users (≥2 prescriptions within six months after diagnosis; n=36,066) compared with nonusers (<2 prescriptions, n=311,853) or users of histamine H2 -receptor antagonists (H2 RA; n=5,152)...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Khalid Mahmood, Iftikhar Haider Naqvi, Aamer Mahmood, Syed Muhammad, Noor Muhammad
Introduction: The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), being the commonest primary cancer, holds the sixth slot in the list of common cancers worldwide. Thrombotic complications in the form of portal vein tumour thrombosis (PVTT) and bland portal vein thrombosis with HCC are common with a bad prognosis. Aim: The study aims to determine the demographic, clinical, and biochemical parameters of HCC patients. The study also compares the clinical and biochemical parameters among patients having HCC with and without thrombotic complication...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
Baozhu Zhang, Zhao Zhang, Lei Li, Yan-Ru Qin, Haibo Liu, Chen Jiang, Ting-Ting Zeng, Meng-Qing Li, Dan Xie, Yan Li, Xin-Yuan Guan, Ying-Hui Zhu
Beta-transducin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase (BTRC) is crucial for the degradation of IκBα. Our previous transcriptome sequencing analysis revealed that tetraspanin 15 (TSPAN15) was significantly upregulated in clinical oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) tissues. Here, we show that high TSPAN15 expression in OSCC tissues is significantly associated with lymph node and distant metastasis, advanced clinical stage, and poor prognosis. Elevated TSPAN15 expression is, in part, caused by the reduction of miR-339-5p...
April 12, 2018: Nature Communications
Makoto Ito, Hidetoshi Shimizu, Takahiro Aoyama, Hiroyuki Tachibana, Natsuo Tomita, Chiyoko Makita, Yutaro Koide, Daiki Kato, Tsuneo Ishiguchi, Takeshi Kodaira
BACKGROUND: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy is useful for cervical oesophageal carcinoma (CEC); however, increasing low-dose exposure to the lung may lead to radiation pneumonitis. Nevertheless, an irradiation technique that avoids the lungs has never been examined due to the high difficulty of dose optimization. In this study, we examined the efficacy of helical tomotherapy that can restrict beamlets passing virtual blocks during dose optimization computing (block plan) in reducing the lung dose...
April 4, 2018: Radiation Oncology
P Nag, O P Gurjar, V Bhandari, K L Gupta, P Bagdare, H Goyal
PURPOSE: The main objective of our study is to evaluate response and toxicity profile in patients receiving external beam radiotherapy with concurrent chemotherapy followed by intraluminal brachytherapy boost for a carcinoma of the oesophagus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients with biopsy-proven carcinoma of the oesophagus received external beam radiotherapy (50Gy in 25 fractions) with concurrent chemotherapy (cisplatin: 40mg/m2 ). After a gap of two to three weeks, intraluminal brachytherapy (10Gy in two fractions each 1 week apart by a high dose rate60 Co source) was given...
March 31, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Fa-Jun Xie, Qiu-Qing Zheng, Jing Qin, Ling-Ling Zhang, Na Han, Wei-Min Mao
Fasudil has been proven to be a promising chemotherapeutic drug for various malignancies. However, the potential anticancer effects of fasudil in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain to be established. We confirmed the RhoA activity is inhibited by fasudil in ESCC cells. Then measured the effects of fasudil on apoptosis and autophagy in ESCC. Our study showed fasudil could both induce ESCCs apoptosis and autophagy, and when fasudil-induced autophagy was inhibited by knockdown of the essential autophagy genes (Beclin 1 or ATG7), and pharmacologic agent (chloroquine) treatment, both treatments also significantly sensitized ESCC to fasudil-induced apoptosis, reducing cell viability in vitro...
2018: Journal of Cancer
H-Y Zhou, J-G Zhang, R Li, X-M Zhang, T-W Chen, N Liu, Y Jiang, L Wu
AIM: To evaluate the association between oesophageal tumour motion and tumour location using cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three consecutive patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma were enrolled, and underwent cine MRI of oesophageal tumours. The maximum displacements in the anterior-posterior (A-P), superior-inferior (S-I), and left-right (L-R) directions of the tumours were assessed statistically to show their associations with tumour location...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Radiology
M van Putten, J de Vos-Geelen, G A P Nieuwenhuijzen, P D Siersema, V E P P Lemmens, C Rosman, M J C van der Sangen, R H A Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Treatment for oesophageal cancer has evolved due to developments including the centralisation of surgery and introduction of neoadjuvant treatment. Therefore, this study evaluated trends in stage distribution, treatment and survival of oesophageal cancer patients in the last 26 years in the Netherlands. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with oesophageal cancer diagnosed in the period 1989-2014 were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Patients were divided into two groups: non-metastatic (M0) and metastatic (M1)...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Judith Offman, Francesca Pesola, Peter Sasieni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and trends of oesophageal adenocarcinomas (OACs) and squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) in England from 1971 to 2037. METHODS: Data on 220,026 oesophageal cancers diagnosed in England between 1971 and 2013 were extracted. Multiple imputation was used to predict morphology data were missing. Incidence rates were modelled and extrapolated to 2037 using age-period-cohort models. RESULTS: The OAC age-standardised incidence rate (ASRs) increase was greatest from 1972 to 1992 (from 4...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Katherine Ting-Wei Lee, Vinod Gopalan, Farhadul Islam, Riajul Wahab, Afraa Mamoori, Cu-Tai Lu, Robert Anthony Smith, Alfred King-Yin Lam
GAEC1 (gene amplified in oesophageal cancer 1) is a transforming oncogene with tumorigenic potential observed in both oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma and colorectal cancer. Nonetheless, there has been a lack of study done on this gene to understand how this gene exert its oncogenic properties in cancer. This study aims to identify novel mutation sites in GAEC1. To do so, seventy-nine matched colorectal cancers were tested for GAEC1 mutation via Sanger sequencing. The mutations noted were investigated for the correlations with the clinicopathological parameters of the patients with the cancer...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Cell Biology
Martin C S Wong, Willie Hamilton, David C Whiteman, Johnny Y Jiang, Youlin Qiao, Franklin D H Fung, Harry H X Wang, Philip W Y Chiu, Enders K W Ng, Justin C Y Wu, Jun Yu, Francis K L Chan, Joseph J Y Sung
Oesophageal cancers (adenocarcinomas [AC] and squamous cell carcinomas [SCC]) are characterized by high incidence/mortality in many countries. We aimed to delineate its global incidence and mortality, and studied whether socioeconomic development and its incidence rate were correlated. The age-standardized rates (ASRs) of incidence and mortality of this medical condition in 2012 for 184 nations from the GLOBOCAN database; national databases capturing incidence rates, and the WHO mortality database were examined...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xing Chen, Le-Yi Wang, Li Huang
In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) are attracting an increasing amount of researchers' attention, as accumulating studies show that miRNAs play important roles in various basic biological processes and that dysregulation of miRNAs is connected with diverse human diseases, particularly cancers. However, the experimental methods to identify associations between miRNAs and diseases remain costly and laborious. In this study, we developed a computational method named Network Distance Analysis for MiRNA-Disease Association prediction (NDAMDA) which could effectively predict potential miRNA-disease associations...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Sohyun Park, Jin Chul Paeng, Chang Hyun Kang, Gi Jeong Cheon, Keon Wook Kang, June-Key Chung, Dong Soo Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of dual time point (DTP)18 F-FDG PET/CT in the staging of oesophageal cancer, especially in lymph node metastasis. METHODS: A total of 35 patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent surgical treatment without neoadjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled as a test set and another 19 patients were enrolled as a validation set. The DTP PET/CT scans were obtained in dual time points at 60 and 120 min each, following the administration of18 F-FDG...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
J Francoual, G Lebreton, C Bazille, M P Galais, B Dupont, A Alves, J Lubrano, R Morello, B Menahem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term (5- and 10-year) survival and recurrence rates on the basis of the pathological complete response (pCR) in the specimens of patients with esophageal carcinoma, treated with trimodality therapy. METHODS: Between 1993 and 2014, all consecutives patients with esophageal locally-advanced non-metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenocarcinoma (ADC) who received trimodality therapy were reviewed. According to histopathological analysis, patients were divided in two groups with pCR and with pathological residual tumor (pRT)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Daniele Bernardi, Emanuele Asti, Alberto Aiolfi, Gianluca Bonitta, Alberto Luporini, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: In the real-world setting outside clinical trials, neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy followed by esophagectomy may represent overtreatment in some elderly individuals with multiple comorbidities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Through an observational cohort study, consecutive patients with esophageal cancer treated with the protocol of the Chemoradiotherapy for Oesophageal Cancer Followed by Surgery Study (CROSS) were compared to patients of similar age who underwent upfront surgery during the same study period...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Nele Brusselaers, Lars Engstrand, Jesper Lagergren
BACKGROUND: The association of long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) with oesophageal adenocarcinoma has been poorly defined. Our aim was to assess the risk of oesophageal cancer assessing confounding by indication. METHODS: This population-based cohort study included all 796,492 adults exposed to maintenance therapy with PPIs in Sweden in 2005-2012. Standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma (and squamous cell carcinoma as a comparison) among long-term PPI users relative to the corresponding background population...
April 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
Sai Pavan Chintalapati, Arpan Patel, Hari Conjeevaram
Transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) is commonly used for unresectable intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TACE is usually well-tolerated. We report a case of a patient who presented with a gastrointestinal bleed from TACE. A 64-year-old man presented with chronic hepatitis C cirrhosis and multifocal bilobar HCC. He had previously undergone multiple TACE sessions, radiofrequency ablation and stereotactic body radiation therapy. In the evening of his TACE procedure, he developed abdominal pain and haematemesis...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Cong Wang, Wenxue Zhang, Lin Zhang, Xuan Chen, Fang Liu, Jing Zhang, Shanghui Guan, Yi Sun, Pengxiang Chen, Ding Wang, Effat Un Nesa, Yufeng Cheng, George M Yousef
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/bjc.2016.367.
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
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