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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234120/oral-epithelial-cell-sheets-engraftment-for-esophageal-strictures-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-airplane-transportation
#1
Naoyuki Yamaguchi, Hajime Isomoto, Shinichiro Kobayashi, Nobuo Kanai, Kengo Kanetaka, Yusuke Sakai, Yoshiyuki Kasai, Ryo Takagi, Takeshi Ohki, Hiroko Fukuda, Tsutomu Kanda, Kazuhiro Nagai, Izumi Asahina, Kazuhiko Nakao, Masayuki Yamato, Teruo Okano, Susumu Eguchi
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) permits en bloc removal of superficial oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, post-procedure stricture is common after ESD for widespread tumours, and multiple endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) procedures are required. We aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic transplantation of tissue-engineered autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets that had been transported by air over a distance of 1200 km in controlling postprocedural oesophageal stricture...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226326/retreg1-fam134b-a-new-player-in-human-diseases-15-years-after-the-discovery-in-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Farhadul Islam, Vinod Gopalan, Alfred King-Yin Lam
FAM134B (family with sequence similarity 134, member B) / RETREG1 and its functional roles are relatively new in human diseases. This review aimed to summarize various functions of FAM134B since our first discovery of the gene in 2001. The protein encoded by FAM134B is a reticulophagy receptor that regulates turnover of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by selective phagocytosis. Absence or non-functional expression of FAM134B protein impairs ER-turnover and thereby is involved in the pathogenesis of some human diseases...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221724/downregulation-of-klk13-promotes-the-invasiveness-and-metastasis-of-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Qingfeng Lin, Weidong Mao, Qingquan Wu, Xiaoting He, Suqing Li, Yanxin Fan, Jie Chen, Tingting Feng, Xiufeng Cao
KLK13 downregulation occurs in tumour tissues in comparison with adjacent normal tissues from patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). KLK13 mRNA levels were tested in OSCC tumour tissues and adjacent noncancerous tissues from 138 patients. In addition, the correlation between KLK13 mRNA levels and OSCC clinicopathologic features was analysed. KLK13 mRNA levels decreased notably in tumour tissues compared with those in adjacent noncancerous tissues. And decreased KLK13 mRNA levels indicated significant correlations with higher tumour grade, elevated TNM (UICC, 2009) stage classification, deeper infiltration and more lymph node metastases...
December 5, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221258/neoadjuvant-dcf-vs-acf-for-resectable-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
EDITORIAL
Vasiliki Michalarea, Elizabeth C Smyth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212656/the-relevance-and-implications-of-signet-ring-cell-adenocarcinoma-of-the-oesophagus
#5
REVIEW
Christopher William Bleaney, Mickhaiel Barrow, Stephen Hayes, Yeng Ang
AIM: To review the current understanding of signet-ring type oesophageal adenocarcinoma including evidence for prognosis. METHODS: We conducted a literature search of nine healthcare literature databases for articles detailing the biology and clinical outcomes of signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus. The impact of signet-ring cell morphology was analysed and detailed in written text and tabular format. Current understanding of the biology of signet-ring cell adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus was summarised...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207170/bmi-1-suppression-increases-the-radiosensitivity-of-oesophageal-carcinoma-via-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#6
Xing-Xiao Yang, Ming Ma, Mei-Xiang Sang, Xue-Yuan Zhang, Zhi-Kun Liu, Heng Song, Shu-Chai Zhu
B-cell‑specific Moloney murine leukaemia virus integration site-1 (BMI-1) contributes to the growth of tumour cells post-irradiation (IR). The aim of the present study was to characterize the effects of BMI-1 on cell viability, radiosensitivity and its mechanisms of action in oesophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were employed to evaluate the protein expression of BMI-1 in ESCC cells and specimens, respectively. Additionally, the protein expression levels of BMI-1, H2AK119ub and γH2AX in ESCC cells were detected following different doses of IR and at different times after IR...
December 5, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195677/do-smoking-and-alcohol-behaviours-influence-gi-cancer-survival
#7
REVIEW
Úna C McMenamin, Stephen McCain, Andrew T Kunzmann
Little is known about the role of alcohol and smoking in GI cancer survival compared to GI cancer development. We systematically reviewed the evidence for a role of smoking and alcohol in prognosis among GI cancer patients and inform whether smoking or alcohol cessation interventions or guidelines for GI cancer patients are likely to improve prognosis. A total of 84 relevant studies were identified. Continued smokers, particularly heavy smokers, had worse prognosis than never smokers in most GI cancers. However, more evidence is needed to establish the likely impact of smoking cessation interventions amongst GI cancer patients...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195670/alcohol-smoking-and-risk-of-oesophago-gastric-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Jing Dong, Aaron P Thrift
Oesophago-gastric cancers (oesophageal and gastric cancers) are common, highly fatal cancers. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) are the two main histological subtypes of oesophageal cancer. Globally, OSCC remains the most common histological subtype of oesophageal cancer, with the highest burden occurring along two geographic belts, one from north central China through the central Asian republics to northern Iran, and one from eastern to southern Africa. In Western countries, the incidence of OAC has increased dramatically over the past 40 years...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189391/blood-biomarkers-for-early-diagnosis-of-oesophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#9
Andrew T Kunzmann, Úna C McMenamin, Andrew D Spence, Ronan T Gray, Liam J Murray, Richard C Turkington, Helen G Coleman
BACKGROUND: Oesophageal cancer prognosis remains poor owing to the inability to detect the disease at an early stage. Nontissue (serum, urinary or salivary) biomarkers potentially offer less invasive methods to aid early detection of oesophageal cancer. We aimed to systematically review studies assessing the relationship between nontissue biomarkers and subsequent development of oesophageal cancer. METHODS: Using terms for biomarkers and oesophageal cancer, Medline, EMBASE and Web of Science were systematically searched for longitudinal studies, published until April 2016, which assessed the association between nontissue biomarkers and subsequent oesophageal cancer risk...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187757/the-role-of-laryngectomy-in-locally-advanced-thyroid-carcinoma-review-of-16-cases
#10
A I Chala, S Vélez, A Sanabria
Locally advanced disease with larynx invasion is a challenge to the surgeon, but laryngectomy is almost never necessary in thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this study was to review the clinical outcomes of patients with locally advanced thyroid carcinoma invading the larynx who underwent laryngectomy. A case series of patients treated in a tertiary care hospital was reviewed. Data about the type of operation, method of reconstruction, complications and overall survival of 16 patients operated on between 2002 and 2015 with larynx invasion is presented...
November 30, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179134/a-randomised-phase-ii-study-of-chemoradiotherapy-with-or-without-nimotuzumab-in-locally-advanced-oesophageal-cancer-nice-trial
#11
Gilberto de Castro Junior, José Getúlio Segalla, Sérgio Jobim de Azevedo, Carlos José Andrade, Daniel Grabarz, Bruno de Araújo Lima França, Auro Del Giglio, Nicolas Silva Lazaretti, Maria Nunes Álvares, José Luiz Pedrini, Celio Kussumoto, João Nunes de Matos Neto, Nora Manoukian Forones, Hezio Jadir Fernandes Júnior, Giuliano Borges, Gustavo Girotto, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Fauze Maluf-Filho, Nils Gunnar Skare
PURPOSE: Chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment for patients with inoperable locally advanced oesophageal cancer. We sought to assess the safety and efficacy of chemoradiation combined with nimotuzumab, a humanised antibody directed against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Untreated patients with inoperable locally advanced oesophageal cancer and no distant metastases were randomised to chemoradiotherapy (cisplatin and fluorouracil combined with external beam radiation) alone or in combination with nimotuzumab...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177502/prognostic-value-of-lymph-node-count-on-survival-in-pathologically-node-negative-oesophageal-squamous-cell-cancer
#12
Yue Yu, Wei Wang, Qing Li, Fei Zhao, Yue Zhou, Jing Xu, Chenjun Huang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine whether lymph node (LN) count is an independent predictor of survival in patients with pathologically node-negative (pN0) oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on 194 pN0 OSCC patients undergoing radical oesophagectomy between January 2004 and December 2008. The association between the LN count and survival was assessed using the Cox proportional hazard model. The optimal LN count cut-off values were determined using the X-tile program...
November 21, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177066/non-acid-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-is-associated-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oesophagus
#13
Mpho Kgomo, Taole R Mokoena, James A Ker
Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus is a common cancer among South Africans. Due to the absence of effective screening and surveillance programme for early detection and late presentation, squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage or when metastasis has already occurred. The 5-year survival is often quoted at 5%-10%, which is poor. Objectives: To determine the association between oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and non-acid gastro-oesophageal reflux disease...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156804/hotair-regulates-hk2-expression-by-binding-endogenous-mir-125-and-mir-143-in-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-progression
#14
Jian Ma, Yanxin Fan, Tingting Feng, Fangjun Chen, Zhipeng Xu, Suqing Li, Qingfeng Lin, Xiaoting He, Weihong Shi, Yang Liu, Xiufeng Cao, Bin Zhu, Zhihua Liu
Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common malignant cancers worldwide with a high death rate worldwide. Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) has been recently demonstrated to play a critical role in ESCC. LncRNA HOTAIR played important regulatory roles in ESCC. We highlight the molecular mechanisms by which HOTAIR could influence the expression of Hexokinase 2 (HK2) in ESCC through binding miR-125 and miR-143 directly. Taken together, this study identified a functional lncRNA HOTAIR involved with regulation of glycolysis via miRNA-125/miRNA-143-HK2 in ESCC cells...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151963/a-nomogram-based-on-phosphorylated-akt1-for-predicting-locoregional-recurrence-in-patients-with-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
Weiwei Yu, Li Chu, Kuaile Zhao, Haiquan Chen, Jiaqing Xiang, Yawei Zhang, Hecheng Li, Weixin Zhao, Menghong Sun, Qiao Wei, Xiaolong Fu, Congying Xie, Zhengfei Zhu
Background: The AKT signalling pathway controls survival and growth in many malignant tumours. However, the prognostic value of phosphorylated AKT1 (p-AKT1) for locoregional-progression free survival (LPFS) in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not been established. Our aim was to develop a nomogram to predict local recurrence using p-AKT1 and main clinical characteristics in patients with thoracic ESCC undergoing radical three-field lymph node dissection. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was performed to examine p-AKT1 expression in 181 thoracic ESCC patients...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151952/a-phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial-definitive-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-with-docetaxel-plus-cisplatin-versus-5-fluorouracil-plus-cisplatin-in-patients-with-oesophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#16
Yujia Zhu, Wenwen Zhang, Qiaoqiao Li, Qiwen Li, Bo Qiu, Hui Liu, Mengzhong Liu, Yonghong Hu
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with docetaxel plus cisplatin (DP regimen) versus 5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin (PF regimen) in patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Patients and Methods: In this phase II randomized controlled trial, eighty-six patients with clinical stage II - IVa ESCC were randomized to receive radiotherapy concurrently with two cycles of the PF or DP regimen at 3-week intervals. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS)...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149107/treponema-denticola-chymotrypsin-like-proteinase-may-contribute-to-orodigestive-carcinogenesis-through-immunomodulation
#17
Mikko T Nieminen, Dyah Listyarifah, Jaana Hagström, Caj Haglund, Daniel Grenier, Dan Nordström, Veli-Jukka Uitto, Marcela Hernandez, Tülay Yucel-Lindberg, Taina Tervahartiala, Mari Ainola, Timo Sorsa
BACKGROUND: Periodontal pathogens have been linked to oral and gastrointestinal (orodigestive) carcinogenesis. However, the exact mechanisms remain unknown. Treponema denticola (Td) is associated with severe periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease leading to tooth loss. The anaerobic spirochete Td is an invasive bacteria due to its major virulence factor chymotrypsin-like proteinase. Here we aimed to investigate the presence of Td chymotrypsin-like proteinase (Td-CTLP) in major orodigestive tumours and to elucidate potential mechanisms for Td to contribute to carcinogenesis...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143365/epigenetic-down-regulation-of-sox2-is-an-independent-poor-prognostic-factor-for-hypopharyngeal-cancers
#18
Mehmet Ozgur Avincsal, Naoe Jimbo, Kohei Fujikura, Hirotaka Shinomiya, Naoki Otsuki, Koichi Morimoto, Tatsuya Furukawa, Naruhiko Morita, Ritsuko Maehara, Tomoo Itoh, Ken-Ichi Nibu, Yoh Zen
AIMS: We recently reported that a small subset (7%) of oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas completely lacking SOX2 expression had unique clinicopathological features and a dismal prognosis. The present study aimed to elucidate whether the findings obtained in oesophageal cancers are applicable to hypopharyngeal or oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (HPSCCs or OPSCCs, respectively). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of consecutive patients with HPSCC (n=130) and OPSCC (n=65) who underwent surgery without preoperative therapy...
November 15, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142587/factors-associated-with-the-high-prevalence-of-oesophageal-cancer-in-western-kenya-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Gabriel Kigen, Naftali Busakhala, Zipporah Kamuren, Hillary Rono, Wilfred Kimalat, Evangeline Njiru
Oesophageal carcinoma (OC) is highly prevalent in Western Kenya especially among the members of the Kalenjin community who reside in the Northern and Southern areas of the Rift Valley. Previous authors have suggested potential association of environmental and genetic risk factors with this high prevalence. The environmental factors that have been suggested include contamination of food by mycotoxins and/or pesticides, consumption of traditional alcohol (locally referred to "Busaa" and "Chan'gaa"), use of fermented milk ("Mursik"), poor diet, tobacco use and genetic predisposition...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128908/cetuximab-tpf-radiotherapy-in-oesophageal-cancer
#20
Maria Alsina, Fernando Rivera, Francisco Javier Ramos, Maica Galán, Rafael López, Pilar García-Alfonso, José Enrique Alés-Martinez, Bernardo Queralt, Antonio Antón, Alfredo Carrato, Cristina Grávalos, Maria José Méndez-Vidal, Carlos López, Inmaculada Ruiz de Mena, Josep Tabernero, Jordi Giralt, Enrique Aranda
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative chemoradiotherapy using a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/cisplatin backbone is widely used to improve surgical outcomes in locoregional oesophageal cancer patients, despite a non-negligible failure rate. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated intensification of this approach to improve patient outcomes by adding cetuximab to induction 5-FU/cisplatin/docetaxel (TPF) and to chemoradiotherapy in a phase II study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 2006 and April 2009, 50 patients with stage II-IVa squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus or gastro-oesophageal junction initiated three TPF/cetuximab cycles...
November 11, 2017: Targeted Oncology
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