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Hypertensive heart disease

Won-Mok Son, Ki-Dong Sung, Jae-Min Cho, Song-Young Park
OBJECTIVE: Postmenopausal women exhibit elevated brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), an indicator of arterial stiffness, which is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of combined resistance and aerobic exercise training on baPWV, blood pressure (BP), and cardiovascular fitness in postmenopausal women with stage 1 hypertension. METHODS: Twenty postmenopausal women (age, 75 ± 2 y; systolic BP, 152 ± 2 mm Hg, diastolic BP, 95 ± 3 mm Hg) were randomly assigned to a "no-exercise" (CON, n = 10) or combined exercise (EX, n = 10) group...
October 24, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Masato Matsushita, Akihiro Shirakabe, Noritake Hata, Takuro Shinada, Nobuaki Kobayashi, Kazunori Tomita, Masafumi Tsurumi, Hirotake Okazaki, Yoshiya Yamamoto, Kuniya Asai, Wataru Shimizu
Obesity is known to be associated with the development of heart failure (HF). However, the relationship between the body mass index (BMI) and acute HF (AHF) remains to be elucidated. Eight hundred and eight AHF patients were enrolled in this study. The patients were assigned to four groups according to their BMI values: severely thin (n = 11, BMI <16), normal/underweight (n = 579, 16 ≤ BMI <25), overweight (n = 178, 25 ≤ BMI <30) and obese (n = 40, BMI ≥30). The patients in the severely thin group were more likely to be female, have systolic blood pressure (SBP) <100 mmHg and have valvular disease than normal/underweight patients...
October 24, 2016: Heart and Vessels
Rubén Kevin Arnold Tapia-Orihuela, Jorge Huaringa-Marcelo, David Loja-Oropeza
Introduction: Situs inversus totalis is an uncommon anomaly which exist a complete transposition of organs and it's occasionally associated with congenital heart diseases, such as tetralogy of fallot. Pheochromocytoma is a rare neuroendocrine tumor with an annual incidence of 2-8 cases per million people and for years has been studied its relationship with the hypoxic pathway. Case Report: A 29 year old male with a history of tetralogy of fallot corrected at 10 years and situs inversus totalis. He was admitted to hospital with a progressive story of four months of constipation, palpitations, headache, dyspnea and sweating...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Samantha G Bromfield, Daichi Shimbo, John N Booth, Adolfo Correa, Gbenga Ogedegbe, April P Carson, Paul Muntner
Masked hypertension is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Identifying modifiable risk factors for masked hypertension could provide approaches to reduce its prevalence. Life's Simple 7 is a measure of cardiovascular health developed by the American Heart Association that includes body mass index, physical activity, diet, cigarette smoking, blood pressure (BP), cholesterol, and glucose. We examined the association between cardiovascular health and masked daytime hypertension in the Jackson Heart Study, an exclusively black cohort...
October 24, 2016: Hypertension
Chirag Bavishi, Sripal Bangalore, Franz H Messerli
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of hypertension (HTN). Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are first line anti-HTN drug classes that are potent, effective and largely safe. Direct renin inhibitors (DRIs) have shown similar blood pressure (BP) reduction but more side effects. The efficacy of ACEIs and ARBs (for cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal protection) has been promoted to extend beyond what could be explained by BP reduction alone...
October 21, 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Nadera Methia, Samia Latreche, Omar Ait Mokhtar, Jean-Jacques Monsuez, Salim Benkhedda
BACKGROUND: Prognosis of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is affected by pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). METHODS: Among 202 patients (mean age: 46.1 ± 13.3 years; 177 women) with SSc, those with a tricuspid regurgitation (TR) jet maximal velocity at 2D-echocardiography (2DE) < 2.8m/second were not considered at high risk for PAH, whereas those with a TR velocity >3m/second or between 2.8 and 3m/second and associated with dyspnea were. RESULTS: Among 22 patients at risk, 15 (mean age: 50...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
O M Aboyade, R Beauclair, O N Mbamalu, T R Puoane, G D Hughes
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) especially diabetes and hypertension are prevalent among older women living in South African urban areas, placing a heavy burden on the healthcare system. This study aimed to understand the health-seeking behaviour, healthcare practices and prevalence of traditional herbal medicine (THM) use among older women self-reporting NCDs from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study (PURE). METHOD: A homogenous purposive sampling of PURE participants was used to recruit women who were 50 years or older (n = 250)...
October 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Eleanor E Friedman, Wayne A Duffus
OBJECTIVES: To examine sociodemographic factors and chronic health conditions of people living with HIV (PLWHIV/HIV+) at least 65 years old and compare their chronic disease prevalence with beneficiaries without HIV. DESIGN: National fee-for-service Medicare claims data (parts A and B) from 2006 to 2009 were used to create a retrospective cohort of beneficiaries at least 65 years old. METHODS: Beneficiaries with an inpatient or skilled nursing facility claim, or outpatient claims with HIV diagnosis codes were considered HIV+...
October 23, 2016: AIDS
Lütfü Bekar, Muzaffer Katar, Mücahit Yetim, Oğuzhan Çelik, Hakan Kilci, Orhan Önalan
OBJECTIVE: Carboxy-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (PICP) is a marker of extracellular collagen synthesis. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) on a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) has been demonstrated as a marker of myocardial fibrosis. The present objective was to investigate the association between serum PICP concentration and presence of fQRS on ECG in hypertensive patients. METHODS: Consecutive patients with previously or newly diagnosed hypertension were included...
October 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Elena V Galitsyna, Margarita A Sazonova, Tatiana P Shkurat, Natalya A Demakova, Alexsandra A Melnichenko, Vasily V Sinyov, Anastasia I Ryzhkova, Konstantin Y Mitrofanov, Andrey V Zhelankin, Igor A Sobenin, Alexander N Orekhov
The present article considers chronic diseases of non-inflammatory genesis, the reasons of which may be mitochondrial dysfunctions. Among them are: coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, cardiomyopathy, cerebrovascular accidents and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Very often, in the long course of the disease, complications may occur, leading to myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke and as a result, death. The main cause of mitochondrial dysfunction are point mitochondrial genome mutations. During the analysis of the literature, data showing the association of the mitochondrial genome mutations with the above diseases were revealed...
October 18, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Osami Kawarada, Ryota Kitajima, Yasuo Sugano, Teruo Noguchi, Toshihisa Anzai, Hisao Ogawa, Satoshi Yasuda
Recurrent congestive heart failure related to renal artery disease is an important clinical entity that is typically observed in bilateral renal artery stenosis or solitary functioning kidney. However, the relationship between heart failure and unilateral renal artery disease, especially that with total occlusion, remains unclear. We report a successful management by unilateral renal artery total occlusion stenting with an evidence of improvement of left ventricular filling and pulmonary artery pressure in case of a patient suffering from medical therapy resistant recurrent congestive heart failure with preserved ejection fraction...
December 2015: ESC Heart Failure
Yasuhiro Imaeda, Hidekazu Tokuhara, Yoshiyuki Fukase, Ray Kanagawa, Yumiko Kajimoto, Keiji Kusumoto, Mitsuyo Kondo, Gyorgy Snell, Craig A Behnke, Takanobu Kuroita
The aspartic proteinase renin is an attractive target for the treatment of hypertension and cardiovascular/renal disease such as chronic kidney disease and heart failure. We introduced an S1' site binder into the lead compound 1 guided by structure-based drug design (SBDD), and further optimization of physicochemical properties led to the discovery of benzimidazole derivative 10 (1-(4-methoxybutyl)-N-(2-methylpropyl)-N-[(3S,5R)-5-(morpholin-4-yl)carbonylpiperidin-3-yl]-1H-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide hydrochloride, TAK-272) as a highly potent and orally active renin inhibitor...
October 13, 2016: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Alem Mehari, Alvin V Thomas, Alicia N Thomas, Mark S Johnson
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a leading cause of morbidity and early mortality in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). However, the prevalence, hemodynamic profile and prognosis of SCD-PH remain controversial and need frequent updates. Pulmonary hypertension determined by right heart catheterization (RHC) occurs in 6% to 10% of adults with SCD. Hemodynamically, SCD-PH may be pre-capillary or post-capillary in nature. The exact etiology is unknown and often multifactorial; hence a thorough diagnostic evaluation following established PH guidelines is essential to determine disease prevalence, etiology and outcomes...
October 20, 2016: Ethnicity & Disease
S Harikrishnan, G Sanjay, M Ashishkumar, Jaideep Menon, G Rajesh, R Krishna Kumar
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disease associated with a high morbidity and mortality. There is paucity of data regarding PH from the developing countries including India. Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension is the most important etiological factor in the western world, but PH secondary to rheumatic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and untreated congenital heart disease could well be the predominant causes in developing countries like India. The main objective of the PROKERALA study - Pulmonary hypertension Registry Of Kerala is to collect data regarding the etiology, practice patterns and one-year outcomes of patients diagnosed to have PH...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
C Narasimhan, Jagmohan Singh Verma, A G Ravi Kishore, Balbir Singh, Sameer Dani, Kamaldeep Chawala, Azizul Haque, Aftab Khan, Mohan Nair, Amit Vora, V Rajasekhar, Joy M Thomas, Anoop Gupta, Ajay Naik, V S Prakash, Lisa Naditch, P Gabriel Steg
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia with high risk for many cardiovascular (CV) complications. Adherence to recommended management guidelines is important to avoid complications. In India, there is little knowledge on how AF is managed in real world. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of patients in India enrolled in RealiseAF survey between February 2010 and March 2010 with a diagnosis of AF within the last 12 months...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Mohamed M Al-Daydamony, El-Sayed M Farag
AIM: To examine the value of CRUSADE bleeding score in predicting bleeding events in our local patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Zagazig University Hospitals. METHODS: Our study included 240 patients with ACS. They underwent history and clinical examination; 12-lead electrocardiography; echocardiography; troponin I, hematocrit value; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR); application of CRUSADE score; and follow-up of the hospital stay and documentations of events...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Peter A McCullough, Christopher T Chan, Eric D Weinhandl, John M Burkart, George L Bakris
The prevalence of cardiovascular disease, including cardiac arrhythmia, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, and valvular heart disease, is higher in hemodialysis (HD) patients than in the US resident population. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in HD patients and the principal discharge diagnosis accompanying 1 in 4 hospital admissions. Furthermore, the rate of hospital admissions for either heart failure or fluid overload is persistently high despite widespread use of β-blockers and renin-angiotensin system inhibitors and attempts to manage fluid overload with ultrafiltration...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Lijiang Ma, Wendy K Chung
Group 1 pulmonary hypertension or pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease characterized by proliferation and occlusion of small pulmonary arterioles, leading to progressive elevation of pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance, and right ventricular failure. Historically it has been associated with a high mortality rate, although over the last decade, treatment has improved survival. PAH includes idiopathic PAH (IPAH), heritable PAH (HPAH), and PAH associated with certain medical conditions...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Pathology
Mahnaz Ashoorkhani, Ali Bozorgi, Reza Majdzadeh, Hamed Hosseini, Ali Yoonessi, Ali Ramezankhani, Hassan Eftekhar
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most important and well-known risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, in spite of effective treatments, adherence to the regular use of drugs and other nondrug treatments, such as lifestyle improvement, is often poor. This study evaluates the effectiveness of an educational, supportive intervention - in the form of a Blood Pressure Management Application (BPMAP) - on self-management in patients with primary hypertension on controlling the determinant factors of hypertension, and on adherence to treatment...
October 21, 2016: Trials
S Pscherer, A Nüssler, C Bahrs, M Reumann, C Ihle, U Stöckle, S Ehnert, T Freude, B G Ochs, I Flesch, P Ziegler
Background: The increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus is also reflected in the patient population of a trauma and orthopaedic centre. Diabetics also exhibit more comorbidities than non-diabetics. In addition to surgical problems in these patients, hospitalisation is often accompanied by complications, which can prolong treatment and increase costs. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyse hospitalisation of diabetics compared to non-diabetics, as well as differences in treatment costs, depending on associated age and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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