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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056313/vocal-changes-following-thyroid-surgery-prospective-study-of-objective-and-subjective-parameters
#1
Beatriz Delgado-Vargas, Azucena Lloris Romero-Salazar, Ignacio Cobeta
OBJECTIVE: Vocal changes are frequent following a surgical procedure to the thyroid gland. Even though they are a recognized morbidity, their bases are yet to be defined as well as their effect on vocal parameters. This study investigates the objective and subjective changes that occur after the surgery. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a prospective analysis of consecutive cases. SETTING: This study was conducted in a single-center tertiary care facility...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055681/the-effects-of-exposure-to-environmental-cigarette-smoke-on-the-vocal-folds-of-rats
#2
Mahmut Babalık, İlhan Topaloğlu, Ziya Saltürk, Güler Berkiten, Yavuz Atar, Belgin Tutar, Şenol Baş
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate histopathologically and immunohistochemically the effects of environmental smoke on the vocal folds. METHODS: This study examined 20 healthy Wistar albino rats, which were divided into four groups of five rats. Group 1 was exposed to smoke for 45 days and group 2 for 90 days. Groups 3 and 4 were the respective control groups. The rats in groups 1 and 3 were sacrificed on day 45 and those in groups 2 and 4 on day 90. The larynx specimens were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and the inflammation, hyperplasia, and metaplasia were evaluated...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054457/bilateral-vocal-cord-immobility-resulting-from-cytomegalovirus-pharyngitis-a-case-report
#3
Rumi Ueha, Takaharu Nito, Takao Goto, Taku Sato, Tetsuo Ushiku, Tatsuya Yamasoba
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an infectious herpes virus present in approximately 50% of the world's population. Pharyngitis is an uncommon manifestation of CMV infection, and vocal cord immobility (VCI) following CMV pharyngitis is quite rare. An 83-year-old man with well-controlled diabetes mellitus and hypertension was admitted due to dyspnea, odynophagia, and dysphagia. Laryngeal fiberscopy revealed bilateral vocal cords almost fixed at the median position, with mucosal redness, swelling, and edema at the hypopharyngeal area...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050661/the-olin-eilobi-breathing-techniques-description-and-initial-case-series-of-novel-respiratory-retraining-strategies-for-athletes-with-exercise-induced-laryngeal-obstruction
#4
Kristina L Johnston, Hannah Bradford, Heather Hodges, Camille M Moore, Emily Nauman, J Tod Olin
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO), the condition previously known as paradoxical vocal fold motion and vocal cord dysfunction, is characterized by inappropriate glottic or supraglottic obstruction during high-intensity exercise, causing exertional dyspnea, frequently with stridor. EILO is definitively diagnosed through upper-airway visualization during a characteristic episode. Although respiratory retraining is a primary therapy for EILO, many patients report symptom persistence despite adequate performance of traditional techniques...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050660/the-fortuitous-discovery-of-the-olin-eilobi-breathing-techniques-a-case-study
#5
Sarah Graham, Emily Deardorff, Kristina Johnston, J Tod Olin
Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) is the term for the condition previously named vocal cord dysfunction and paradoxical vocal fold motion. It is defined by glottic or supraglottic obstruction during periods of intense exercise. Not all patients respond to conventional therapy with speech-language pathology, behavioral health interventions, and treatment of contributing conditions. In this edition of Journal of Voice, the authors describe a novel series of respiratory retraining techniques, now called Olin EILOBI (EILO biphasic inspiratory) breathing techniques, specifically designed for athletes with EILO...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049810/the-use-of-ultrasound-in-the-management-of-a-life-threatening-malignant-laryngotracheal-obstruction
#6
Alfonso Fiorelli, Gaetana Messina, Antonio Raucci, Mario Santini
Ultrasound is becoming a valuable diagnostic tool in the armamentarium of thoracic surgeons. We report its use to follow stent placement in the laryngotracheal position for management of life-threatening neoplastic obstruction. For this purpose, a 15-MHz linear probe was placed in the midline at the level of the cricoid cartilage. Ultrasound performed daily at bedside showed normal movement of vocal folds and no stent dislocation. This strategy may be an alternative to computed tomography scan or endoscopy to follow stent placement in extrathoracic airways...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048769/in-vivo-implantation-of-a-tissue-engineered-stem-cell-seeded-hemi-laryngeal-replacement-maintains-airway-phonation-and-swallowing-in-pigs
#7
P Herrmann, T Ansari, A Southgate, A Varanou Jenkins, L Partington, C Carvalho, S Janes, M Lowdell, P Sibbons, M A Birchall
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal functional impairment relating to swallowing, vocalisation and respiration can be life changing and devastating for patients. A tissue engineering approach to regenerating vocal folds would represent a significant advantage over current clinical practice. METHOD: Porcine hemi-larynx were de-cellularised under negative pressure. The resultant acellular scaffold was seeded with human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells and primary human epithelial cells...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047252/calcium-hydroxylapatite-pulmonary-embolism-after-percutaneous-injection-laryngoplasty
#8
Seong Jun Won, Seung Hoon Woo
Injection medialization laryngoplasty is a procedure that has many advantages in treating vocal fold paralysis; however, undesired complications can occur. We experienced a case of a pulmonary embolism, suspected in a patient who had undergone an injection laryngoplasty with calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA). The patient suffered dyspnea after undergoing the injection laryngoplasty. Chest embolism computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a new lesion of enhancing materials at the pulmonary vasculature in the right upper lobe...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039258/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-laryngeal-schwannoma-a-systematic-review
#9
Michele Tulli, Stefano Bondi, Chanel Elisha Smart, Leone Giordano, Matteo Trimarchi, Andrea Galli, Davide Di Santo, Matteo Biafora, Mario Bussi
Objective This review summarizes the clinical features, diagnostic workup, and surgical treatment of laryngeal schwannoma with the aim of providing guidance for the management of this rare disease. The collated data allowed the statistical testing of several hypotheses, including the efficacy of endoscopic vs open surgical intervention and the usefulness of preoperative biopsy. Data Sources PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and SCOPUS. Review Methods Basic epidemiological and clinical presentation data were collated together with details of diagnostic image modality, lesion attributes, and the use of preoperative biopsy...
October 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037819/drug-induced-paradoxical-vocal-fold-motion
#10
Marlene Garcia-Neuer, Donna Marie Lynch, Kathleen Marquis, Jayme Dowdall, Mariana Castells, David Edward Sloane
Vocal cord dysfunction, also known as paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM), is a disorder characterized by abnormal vocal cord adduction during inspiration. PVFM is commonly misdiagnosed as asthma because of the similarity of symptoms: cough, wheezing, chest pain, and dyspnea. We present the clinical vignette of a 36-year-old woman with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis and multiple adverse drug reactions who presented with recurrent episodes of unrecognized PVFM during skin testing for drug allergy, omalizumab treatment, and tocilizumab desensitization...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032130/nonmedical-treatments-of-vocal-fold-nodules-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Banafshe Mansuri, Seyed Abolfazl Tohidast, Nasibe Soltaninejad, Mohammad Kamali, Leila Ghelichi, Hadi Azimi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate the nonmedical treatments of vocal fold nodules (VFNs). STUDY DESIGN: The present study is a systematic review. METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched from inception until August 2016: PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Ovid, ISI (Web of Sciences), Cochrane, PsychINFO, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar. Reference lists of included articles were evaluated for additional data...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032129/linear-measurements-of-vocal-folds-and-laryngeal-dimensions-in-freshly-excised-human-larynges
#12
Mohamed K Mobashir, Abd El Raof S Mohamed, Amal S Quriba, Ahmad M Anany, Elham M Hassan
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the morphology of the larynx, one of the most complex organs of the human body, is an important step toward understanding the detailed laryngeal anatomy, and physiology. Different studies have described the linear measurements of the larynx in different measuring methods, but no studies have been structured to describe vocal fold length in freshly excised larynges. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe exact anatomical measurements of vocal folds and some laryngeal structures in freshly excised larynges, and to compare such measurements between males and females...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030215/analyzing-cost-effectiveness-of-neural-monitoring-in-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-recovery-course-in-thyroid-surgery
#13
Tie Wang, Hoon Yub Kim, Che-Wei Wu, Stefano Rausei, Hui Sun, Francesca Pia Pergolizzi, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
PURPOSE: The increasing use of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) during thyroid surgery imposes an evaluation of cost-effectiveness. METHODS: The analysis estimated the cost versus utility of different alternatives that simulate nerve injury course and the consequences for the following cohorts of patients: (1) no RLN injury, or vocal fold palsy (VCP) recovery within 1 month (2), 2 months (3), 6 months (4), and after 12 months (5)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030129/laryngeal-and-vocal-alterations-after-thyroidectomy
#14
Renata Mizusaki Iyomasa, José Vicente Tagliarini, Sérgio Augusto Rodrigues, Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares, Regina Helena Garcia Martins
INTRODUCTION: Dysphonia is a common symptom after thyroidectomy. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the vocal symptoms, auditory-perceptual and acoustic vocal, videolaryngoscopy, the surgical procedures and histopathological findings in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: Prospective study. Patients submitted to thyroidectomy were evaluated as follows: anamnesis, laryngoscopy, and acoustic vocal assessments. Moments: pre-operative, 1st post (15 days), 2nd post (1 month), 3rd post (3 months), and 4th post (6 months)...
September 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029830/responsiveness-of-persian-version-of-consensus-auditory-perceptual-evaluation-of-voice-cape-v-persian-version-of-voice-handicap-index-vhi-and-praat-in-vocal-mass-lesions-with-muscle-tension-dysphonia
#15
Hassan Khoramshahi, Ahmad Reza Khatoonabadi, Seyyedeh Maryam Khoddami, Peyman Dabirmoghaddam, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at determining the internal and external responsiveness of the Persian version of the Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (called ATSHA), Persian version of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI), and Praat scales among patients with vocal mass lesions and secondary muscle tension dysphonia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, within-participant repeated measures. METHOD: Thirty patients with vocal fold nodules, polyps, and cysts related to secondary muscle tension dysphonia participated in the study...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020750/de-novo-pacbio-long-read-and-phased-avian-genome-assemblies-correct-and-add-to-reference-genes-generated-with-intermediate-and-short-reads
#16
Jonas Korlach, Gregory Gedman, Sarah B Kingan, Chen-Shan Chin, Jason T Howard, Jean-Nicolas Audet, Lindsey Cantin, Erich D Jarvis
Reference-quality genomes are expected to provide a resource for studying gene structure, function, and evolution. However, often genes of interest are not completely or accurately assembled, leading to unknown errors in analyses or additional cloning efforts for the correct sequences. A promising solution is long-read sequencing. Here we tested PacBio-based long-read sequencing and diploid assembly for potential improvements to the Sanger-based intermediate-read zebra finch reference and Illumina-based short-read Anna's hummingbird reference, 2 vocal learning avian species widely studied in neuroscience and genomics...
October 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990693/impact-of-medialization-laryngoplasty-on-dynamic-nanomechanical-vocal-fold-structure-properties
#17
Gregory R Dion, Peter A Benedict, Paulo G Coelho, Milan R Amin, Ryan C Branski
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Although the primary goal of medialization laryngoplasty is to improve glottic closure, implant placement is also likely to alter the biomechanical properties of the vocal fold (VF). We sought to employ novel, nanoscale technology to quantify these properties following medialization based on the hypothesis that different medialization materials will likely yield differential biomechanical effects. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo. METHODS: Nine pig larynges were divided into three groups: control, Silastic (Dow Corning, Midland, Michigan, U...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988420/the-effect-of-vocal-fold-augmentation-on-cough-symptoms-in-the-presence-of-glottic-insufficiency
#18
Juliana K Litts, Daniel S Fink, Matthew S Clary
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of injection augmentation of the vocal folds on chronic cough symptoms in patients with glottic insufficiency. METHODS: Medical records from 146 consecutive patients who underwent vocal fold injection augmentation by a fellowship-trained laryngologist between 2013 and 2015 were reviewed. Twenty-three patients (12 male) met inclusion criteria of a vocal fold augmentation injection, cough symptoms lasting more than 8 weeks, and glottic insufficiency as determined by shortened closed phase on stroboscopy...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986671/transcervical-fat-injection-laryngoplasty-for-unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-an-easy-way-to-do-the-job
#19
Hisham E M Elbadan, Wael K A Hussein, Riham M Elmaghraby
Unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in glottic incompetence can cause impairment of laryngeal functions, including airway protection and phonation. The objective of this study is to present an easy new technique for harvesting and injection of abdominal fat into the vocal fold for patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis. This is a retrospective study of patients carried out on 16 patients suffering from unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting from different etiologies. All patients were subjected to the protocol of voice assessment pre- and postoperatively...
October 6, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986153/contemporary-commercial-music-singing-students-voice-quality-and-vocal-function-at-the-beginning-of-singing-training
#20
Ewelina M Sielska-Badurek, Maria Sobol, Katarzyna Olszowska, Kazimierz Niemczyk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the voice quality and the vocal tract function in popular singing students at the beginning of their singing training at the High School of Music. DESIGN: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: The study consisted of 45 popular singing students (35 females and 10 males, mean age: 19.9 ± 2.8 years). They were assessed in the first 2 months of their 4-year singing training at the High School of Music, between 2013 and 2016...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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