Read by QxMD icon Read

metabolic syndrome medicine

Jelena Krstic, Markus Galhuber, Tim J Schulz, Michael Schupp, Andreas Prokesch
Lifestyle-related disorders, such as the metabolic syndrome, have become a primary risk factor for the development of liver pathologies that can progress from hepatic steatosis, hepatic insulin resistance, steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis, to the most severe condition of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While the prevalence of liver pathologies is steadily increasing in modern societies, there are currently no approved drugs other than chemotherapeutic intervention in late stage HCC. Hence, there is a pressing need to identify and investigate causative molecular pathways that can yield new therapeutic avenues...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sinem Civriz Bozdağ, Meltem Kurt Yüksel, Taner Demirer
Stem cells can be either totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent or unipotent. Totipotent cells have the capability to produce all cell types of the developing organism, including both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. The Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC) are the first defined adult stem cells (ASC) that give rise to all blood cells and immune system. Use of HSCs for treatment of hematologic malignancies, which is also called bone marrow (BM) transplantation or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) transplantation is the pioneer of cellular therapy and translational research...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Matthew J Gurka, Stephanie L Filipp, Mark D DeBoer
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes remain significant public health concerns. Targeting of prevention efforts by geographical location has been suggested by the Institute of Medicine to coincide with the presence of area-based risk. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a stronger risk factor than is obesity for the prediction of future CVD and diabetes, yet its prevalence has not previously been described geographically. Our objective is to determine geographical variation in the prevalence of obesity, MetS, and diabetes among US adults...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
Verena Hiebl, Angela Ladurner, Simone Latkolik, Verena M Dirsch
Nuclear receptors (NRs) represent attractive targets for the treatment of metabolic syndrome-related diseases. In addition, natural products are an interesting pool of potential ligands since they have been refined under evolutionary pressure to interact with proteins or other biological targets. This review aims to briefly summarize current basic knowledge regarding the liver X (LXR) and farnesoid X receptors (FXR) that form permissive heterodimers with retinoid X receptors (RXR). Natural product-based ligands for these receptors are summarized and the potential of LXR, FXR and RXR as targets in precision medicine is discussed...
March 13, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
Maria Luz Fernandez, Minu Sara Thomas, Bruno S Lemos, Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Melissa Melough, Ock K Chun, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Hana Alyousef, Isabel Medina-Vera
BACKGROUND: Telomerase Activator 65 (TA-65), a compound extracted from Astragalus membranaceus has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for extending life span. Scarce information exists on the effects of TA-65 on parameters of metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: We recruited 40 patients with MetS to determine the effects of TA-65 on dyslipidemias, hypertension, and oxidative stress in this at-risk population. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover design in which patients were allocated to consume either 16 mg daily of a TA-65 supplement or a placebo for 12 weeks...
March 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Caroline C Swift, Meryle J Eklund, Jacqueline M Kraveka, Adina L Alazraki
Neuroblastoma is an embryonic tumor of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system. It is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood and accounts for up to 15% of all pediatric cancer fatalities. The manifestation of neuroblastoma is variable depending on the location of the tumor and on the presence or absence of paraneoplastic syndromes. The prognosis of neuroblastoma is also highly variable, ranging from spontaneous regression to widespread metastatic disease that is unresponsive to treatment. The age of the patient, stage of disease, histopathologic results, and multiple biologic factors contribute to the presurgical and pretreatment risk stratification of a patient with neuroblastoma...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Moloud Payab, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Azadeh Aletaha, Nasrin Ghasemi, Mostafa Qorbani, Rasha Atlasi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Bagher Larijani
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review protocol aims to perform a protocol for assessing the effectiveness, safety, and mechanism of herbal medicines for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Some systematic reviews conducted earlier have evaluated the efficacy of herbal medicine to treat obesity and metabolic syndrome. Owing to the huge burden imposed by obesity in the recent years, a need is felt for conducting new systematic reviews on the topic of obesity with a focus on randomized clinical trials, we felt the need...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jean-Marie Saudubray, Àngels Garcia-Cazorla
The specialty of inherited metabolic disease is at the forefront of progress in medicine, with new methods in metabolomics and genomics identifying the molecular basis for a growing number of conditions and syndromes. This review presents an updated pathophysiologic classification of inborn errors of metabolism and a method of clinical screening in neonates, late-onset emergencies, neurologic deterioration, and other common clinical scenarios. When and how to investigate a metabolic disorder is presented to encourage physicians to use sophisticated biochemical investigations and not miss a treatable disorder...
April 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
Hui Sun, Le Yang, Meng-Xi Li, Heng Fang, Ai-Hua Zhang, Qi Song, Xing-Yuan Liu, Jing Su, Meng-Die Yu, Toshiaki Makino, Xi-Jun Wang
Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang (YCHT), the classic formulae of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is widely used to treat dampness-heat jaundice syndrome (DHJS) and various liver diseases. However, the therapeutic mechanism of YCHT is yet to have an integrated biological interpretation. In this work, we used metabolomics technology to reveal the adjustment of small molecule metabolites in body during the treatment of YCHT. Aim to discover the serum biomarkers which are associated with the treatment of DHJS against YCHT...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
David W Brammer, Patrick J Gillespie, Mei Tian, Daniel Young, Muthuswamy Raveendran, Lawrence E Williams, Mihai Gagea, Fernando J Benavides, Carlos J Perez, Russell R Broaddus, Bruce J Bernacky, Kirstin F Barnhart, Mian M Alauddin, Manoop S Bhutani, Richard A Gibbs, Richard L Sidman, Renata Pasqualini, Wadih Arap, Jeffrey Rogers, Christian R Abee, Juri G Gelovani
Over the past two decades, 33 cases of colonic adenocarcinomas have been diagnosed in rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta ) at the nonhuman primate colony of the Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The distinctive feature in these cases, based on PET/computed tomography (CT) imaging, was the presence of two or three tumor lesions in different locations, including proximal to the ileocecal juncture, proximal to the hepatic flexure, and/or in the sigmoid colon...
February 28, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Biplab Dasgupta, William Seibel
The evolutionary conserved energy sensor AMPK plays crucial roles in many biological processes-both during normal development and pathology. Loss-of-function genetic studies in mice as well as in lower organisms underscore its importance in embryonic development, stress physiology in the adult, and in key metabolic disorders including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and metabolic syndrome. In contrast to several other kinases important in human health and medicine where specific/selective inhibitors are available, no AMPK-specific inhibitors are available...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Jian Li, Q Wu, Xiao-Ke Wu, Zhong-Ming Zhou, Ping Fu, Xiu-Hua Chen, Ying Yan, Xin Wang, Zheng-Wang Yang, Wei-Li Li, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Richard S Legro, Ernest Hung-Yu Ng, Heping Zhang, Ben Willem J Mol, Chi Chiu Wang
STUDY QUESTION: Does second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure from husbands have adverse effects on sex hormones, metabolic profiles, clinical phenotypes and fertility outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ovulation induction? SUMMARY ANSWER: SHS exposure is associated with worsened biochemical hyperandrogenism, higher incidence of metabolic syndrome and reduced conception rates in women with PCOS. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Smoking in women impairs fecundity at some stages of the reproductive process including folliculogenesis, embryo transport, endometrial angiogenesis and uterine blood flow...
February 20, 2018: Human Reproduction
Ying Pan, Ling-Dong Kong
Fructose is a natural monosaccharide broadly used in modern society. Over the past few decades, epidemiological studies have demonstrated that high fructose intake is an etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This review highlights research advances on fructose-induced MetS, especially the underlying pathophysiological mechanism as well as pharmacotherapy by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), using the PubMed, Web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal and Wanfang Data...
February 19, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Xue-Qing Hu, Bin Wei, Ya-Nan Song, Qing Ji, Qi Li, Yun-Quan Luo, Wen-Hai Wang, Shi-Bing Su
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the metabolic profiles of postoperative colorectal cancer (PCRC) patients with different traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes and to discuss the metabolic mechanism under PCRC progression and TCM syndrome classification. METHODS: Fifty healthy controls (HC) and 70 PCRC patients, including 10 Dampness and heat syndrome (DHS), 33 Spleen deficiency syndrome (SDS), 19 Liver and kidney Yin deficiency syndrome (LKYDS) and 8 with non-TCM syndrome (NS) were enrolled...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Carla Tatone, Giovanna Di Emidio, Arcangelo Barbonetti, Gaspare Carta, Alberto M Luciano, Stefano Falone, Fernanda Amicarelli
BACKGROUND: Sirtuins (SIRT1-7) are a family of NAD+-dependent deacetylases that catalyze post-translational modifications of proteins. Together, they respond to metabolic challenges, inflammatory signals or hypoxic/oxidative stress, and are associated with aging and longevity. The role of Sirtuins in the regulation of fertility emerged in 2003 when a defective reproductive phenotype was observed in SIRT1-null mice. Although studies on Sirtuins in reproductive biology have been increasing in the last years, a recent comprehensive update on this issue is still lacking...
February 13, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
Veda Prachayasittikul, Supaluk Prachayasittikul, Somsak Ruchirawat, Virapong Prachayasittikul
Coriandrum sativum (C. sativum) or coriander is one of the most popularly used spices in culinary worldwide, and its medicinal values has been recognized since ancient time. C. sativum contains bioactive phytochemicals that are accounted for a wide range of biological activities including antioxidant, anticancer, neuroprotective, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, analgesic, migraine-relieving, hypolipidemic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive, antimicrobial, and antiinflammatory activities. The major compound, linalool, abundantly found in seeds is remarked for its abilities to modulate many key pathogenesis pathways of diseases...
March 2018: Food Research International
M Peigné, S Catteau-Jonard, G Robin, A Dumont, P Pigny, D Dewailly
STUDY QUESTION: Is the negative correlation between the numbers of 2-5 and 6-9 mm follicles influenced by ovarian and/or metabolic parameter(s) in young control women and in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Our study confirmed that the negative correlation between numbers of follicles sized 2-5 and 6-9 mm was stronger in PCOS than in young control women and was not linked to any ovarian or metabolic parameter. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous reports described a direct negative correlation between the number of small antral follicles (2-5 mm) and large antral follicle (6-9 mm) during the early follicular phase (cycle Days 2-5) in normal and PCOS women...
February 7, 2018: Human Reproduction
Shengli Gao, Hideo Satsu, Toshiaki Makino
Bofutsushosan (BTS; fang feng tong sheng san in Chinese) is a formula in traditional Japanese Kampo medicine and Chinese medicine comprising eighteen crude drugs, and is used to treat obesity and metabolic syndrome. Fructose is contained in refreshing beverages as high-fructose corn syrup, and is associated with obesity. Fructose is absorbed via glucose transporter 5 (GLUT5) in the intestine. Therefore, the inhibition of GLUT5 is considered to be a target of obesity drugs. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of BTS extract and its constituents on fructose uptake using Chinese hamster ovary K1 cells, i...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Krzysztof Marycz, Izabela Michalak, Katarzyna Kornicka
Horses metabolic disorders have become an important problem of modern veterinary medicine. Pathological obesity, insulin resistance and predisposition toward laminitis are associated with Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS). Based on pathogenesis of EMS, dietary and cell therapy management may significantly reduce development of that disorder. Special attention has been paid to the diet supplementation with high bioavailability minerals and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) which increase insulin sensitivity. In nutrition, there is a great interests in natural algae enriched in biosorption process with micro and macroelements...
January 31, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Jan Machal, Ota Hlinomaz
BACKGROUND: Various antiplatelet drugs are used following acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Of them, adenosine diphosphate receptor P2Y12 inhibitors clopidogrel, prasugrel and ticagrelor are currently used for post-ACS long-term treatment. Although they act on the same receptor, they differ in pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Several enzymes and transporters involved in the metabolism of P2Y12 inhibitors show genetic variability with functional impact. This includes P-glycoprotein, carboxylesterase 1 and, most notably, CYP2C19 that is important in clopidogrel activation...
February 5, 2018: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"