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metabolic syndrome medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713407/biorhizome-a-biosynthetic-platform-for-colchicine-biomanufacturing
#1
REVIEW
Ganapathy Sivakumar, Kamran Alba, Gregory C Phillips
Colchicine is one of the oldest plant-based medicines used to treat gout and one of the most important alkaloid-based antimitotic drugs with anticancer potential, which is commercially extracted from Gloriosa superba. Clinical trials suggest that colchicine medication could prevent atrial fibrillation recurrence after cardiac surgery. In addition, therapeutic colchicine is undergoing clinical trials to treat non-diabetic metabolic syndrome and diabetic nephropathy. However, the industrial-scale biomanufacturing of colchicine have not yet been established...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713266/significance-of-microbiota-in-obesity-and-metabolic-diseases-and-the-modulatory-potential-by-medicinal-plant-and-food-ingredients
#2
REVIEW
Hoda M Eid, Michelle L Wright, N V Anil Kumar, Abdel Qawasmeh, Sherif T S Hassan, Andrei Mocan, Seyed M Nabavi, Luca Rastrelli, Atanas G Atanasov, Pierre S Haddad
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of three or more metabolic disorders including insulin resistance, obesity, and hyperlipidemia. Obesity has become the epidemic of the twenty-first century with more than 1.6 billion overweight adults. Due to the strong connection between obesity and type 2 diabetes, obesity has received wide attention with subsequent coining of the term "diabesity." Recent studies have identified unique contributions of the immensely diverse gut microbiota in the pathogenesis of obesity and diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709873/deregulation-of-wnt2-fzd3-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-compromises-the-estrogen-synthesis-in-cumulus-cells-from-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
Gu-Yuan Qiao, Bing-Wei Dong, Chao-Juan Zhu, Chang-You Yan, Bi-Liang Chen
Mechanistic insight into estrogen deficiency by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) remains a longstanding challenge in reproductive medicine. Recent advance suggest that Wingless-type MMTV integration site family members (WNTs), in concert with its Frizzled (FZD) receptors, regulate normal folliculogenesis, luteogenesis and ovarian steroidogenesis. However, no studies have so far investigated any causality between WNT-FZDs interactions and disrupted estrogen synthesis under certain pathological conditions. Here, we show that (i) FZD3 expression was significantly up-regulated in the cumulus cells (CCs) from PCOS patients...
July 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702888/cushing-s-syndrome-a-model-for-sarcopenic-obesity
#4
Michael Drey, Christina M Berr, Martin Reincke, Julia Fazel, Jochen Seissler, Jochen Schopohl, Martin Bidlingmaier, Stefanie Zopp, Nicole Reisch, Felix Beuschlein, Andrea Osswald, Ralf Schmidmaier
PURPOSE: Obesity and its metabolic impairments are discussed as major risk factors for sarcopenia leading to sarcopenic obesity. Cushing's syndrome is known to be associated with obesity and muscle atrophy. We compared Cushing's syndrome with matched obese controls regarding body composition, physical performance, and biochemical markers to test the hypothesis that Cushing's syndrome could be a model for sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: By propensity score matching, 47 controls were selected by body mass index and gender as obese controls...
July 12, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686075/pharmacogenetics-and-the-treatment-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders
#5
Houssam Halawi, Michael Camilleri
The diagnosis and management of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) remain very challenging. In the era of precision medicine, it is important to individualize the treatment of these conditions by providing targeted and effective therapies while minimizing the risk of medication side effects. By using genetic information that predicts and affects the responses to specific medications, it is anticipated that the science of pharmacogenetics in FGIDs will advance the practice of precision medicine. The pathophysiology of FGIDs is complex, involving the interaction between predisposing genetic and environmental factors...
July 7, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677336/apolipoprotein-b-and-a-i-ratio-predicts-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#6
Ji Hye Huh, Saehyun Jung, Seung Kook Cho, Kyong Joo Lee, Jae Woo Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has considerable mortality and morbidity rates. Although many indices have been developed to classify the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP), an optimal method for predicting SAP has not been identified. The ratio of apolipoprotein B to A-I (apoB/A-I) is associated with metabolic syndrome and inflammatory status. This study investigated the association between severity of AP and serum apoB/A-I ratio. METHODS: Patients with AP were prospectively enrolled at Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine from March 2015 to August 2016...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675524/biomarkers-for-visceral-hypersensitivity-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
Z Mujagic, D M A E Jonkers, S Ludidi, D Keszthelyi, M A Hesselink, Z Z R M Weerts, R N Kievit, J F Althof, C Leue, J W Kruimel, F J van Schooten, A A M Masclee
BACKGROUND: Increased visceral sensitivity is observed in up to 60% of patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Mucosal inflammation, altered neuroendocrine activity and intraluminal metabolic processes may contribute to the development of visceral hypersensitivity. Previously, we demonstrated that biomarkers, indicative for these biological processes, were altered in IBS patients compared to healthy controls. However, how these processes relate to visceral hypersensitivity is unknown...
July 3, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674347/cardiovascular-and-metabolic-diseases-comorbid-with-psoriasis-beyond-the-skin
#8
Masutaka Furue, Gaku Tsuji, Takahito Chiba, Takafumi Kadono
A close association of systemic inflammation with cardiovascular diseases and metabolic syndrome is recently a popular topic in medicine. Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a prevalence of approximately 0.1-0.5% in Asians. It is characterized by widespread scaly erythematous macules that cause significant physical and psychological burdens for the affected individuals. The accelerated inflammation driven by the TNF-α/IL-23/IL-17A axis is now known to be the major mechanism in the development of psoriasis...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664564/clustering-high-dimensional-mixed-data-to-uncover-sub-phenotypes-joint-analysis-of-phenotypic-and-genotypic-data
#9
D McParland, C M Phillips, L Brennan, H M Roche, I C Gormley
The LIPGENE-SU.VI.MAX study, like many others, recorded high-dimensional continuous phenotypic data and categorical genotypic data. LIPGENE-SU.VI.MAX focuses on the need to account for both phenotypic and genetic factors when studying the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a complex disorder that can lead to higher risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Interest lies in clustering the LIPGENE-SU.VI.MAX participants into homogeneous groups or sub-phenotypes, by jointly considering their phenotypic and genotypic data, and in determining which variables are discriminatory...
June 30, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658825/uncovering-metabolic-syndrome-among-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-india
#10
Kamlesh Kumar Gupta, Jitendra Singh, Pradeep Gupta, M L Patel, Vivek Kumar, Shyam Chand Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is known to cause various systemic problems including Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). MetS is a group of cardiovascular risk factors. By assessing MetS, one can assess the cardiovascular disease risk. There is increasing evidence of MetS in COPD patients. However, the frequency of MetS and its individual components are not still been clearly shown which is likely to vary in different population. AIM: To know the extent of association of metabolic syndrome and its components in patients with COPD...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656091/a-review-of-the-effects-of-berberis-vulgaris-and-its-major-component-berberine-in-metabolic-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Jamshid Tabeshpour, Mohsen Imenshahidi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), characterized by a cluster of metabolic abnormalities including hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and dyslipidemia, is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents a massive healthcare burden worldwide. In recent years, with regard to the adverse effects of synthetic drugs, increasing attention has been paid by researchers to herbal medicines for a variety of disorders such as CVD. A large body of literature supports different pharmacological actions of Berberis vulgaris (B...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642702/amorpha-fruticosa-a-noxious-invasive-alien-plant-in-europe-or-a-medicinal-plant-against-metabolic-disease
#12
REVIEW
Ekaterina Kozuharova, Adam Matkowski, Dorota Woźniak, Rumiana Simeonova, Zheko Naychov, Clemens Malainer, Andrei Mocan, Seyed M Nabavi, Atanas G Atanasov
Amorpha fruticosa L. (Fabaceae) is a shrub native to North America which has been cultivated mainly for its ornamental features, honey plant value and protective properties against soil erosion. It is registered amongst the most noxious invasive species in Europe. However, a growing body of scientific literature also points to the therapeutic potential of its chemical constituents. Due to the fact that A. fruticosa is an aggressive invasive species, it can provide an abundant and cheap resource of plant chemical constituents which can be utilized for therapeutic purposes...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638270/existence-of-a-strong-correlation-of-biomarkers-and-mirna-in-females-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-obesity-in-a-population-of-west-virginia
#13
Perrine Goguet-Rubio, Rebecca L Klug, Dana L Sharma, Krithika Srikanthan, Nitin Puri, Vishal H Lakhani, Alexandra Nichols, Kathleen M O'Hanlon, Nader G Abraham, Joseph I Shapiro, Komal Sodhi
Objectives: Metabolic syndrome causes complications like cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). As metabolic syndrome develops, altered levels of cytokines and microRNAs (miRNA) are measurable in the circulation. We aimed to construct a panel detecting abnormal levels of cytokines and miRNAs in patients at risk for metabolic syndrome. Methods: Participants included 54 patients from a Family Medicine Clinic at Marshall University School of Medicine, in groups of: Control, Obese, and Metabolic Syndrome (MetS)...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632818/benefits-of-islet-transplantation-as-an-alternative-to-pancreas-transplantation-retrospective-study-of-more-than-10-ten-years-of-experience-in-a-single-center
#14
Barbora Voglová, Martina Zahradnická, Peter Girman, Jan Kríž, Zuzana Berková, Tomáš Koblas, Ema Vávrová, Lenka Németová, Lucie Kosinová, David Habart, Eva Fábryová, Eva Dovolilová, Ivan Leontovyc, Tomáš Neškudla, Jan Peregrin, Jozef Kovác, Kvetoslav Lipár, Matej Kocík, Tomáš Marada, Jirí Svoboda, František Saudek
BACKGROUND: Pancreas transplantation (PTx) represents the method of choice in type 1 diabetic patients with conservatively intractable hypoglycemia unawareness syndrome. In 2005, the Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKEM) launched a program to investigate the safety potential of islet transplantation (ITx) in comparison to PTx. AIM: This study aims to compare the results of PTx and ITx regarding severe hypoglycemia elimination, metabolic control, and complication rate...
2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620798/-inflammatory-skin-march-in-atopic-dermatitis-and-psoriasis
#15
REVIEW
Masutaka Furue, Takafumi Kadono
BACKGROUND: Comorbidities of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), metabolic syndrome and autoimmune diseases with systemic inflammation are recent topics in medicine. Inflammatory skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are an active source of diverse proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which are readily detectable in the circulation and are likely to be involved in developing comorbidities. EVIDENCE: Both atopic dermatitis and psoriasis are frequently comorbid with CVD, metabolic syndrome and autoimmune diseases, the consequence of which is called "inflammatory skin march", "psoriatic march" or "march of psoriasis"...
June 15, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597074/early-metabolic-markers-identify-potential-targets-for-the-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#16
Gopal Peddinti, Jeff Cobb, Loic Yengo, Philippe Froguel, Jasmina Kravić, Beverley Balkau, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Tero Aittokallio, Leif Groop
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aims of this study were to evaluate systematically the predictive power of comprehensive metabolomics profiles in predicting the future risk of type 2 diabetes, and to identify a panel of the most predictive metabolic markers. METHODS: We applied an unbiased systems medicine approach to mine metabolite combinations that provide added value in predicting the future incidence of type 2 diabetes beyond known risk factors. We performed mass spectrometry-based targeted, as well as global untargeted, metabolomics, measuring a total of 568 metabolites, in a Finnish cohort of 543 non-diabetic individuals from the Botnia Prospective Study, which included 146 individuals who progressed to type 2 diabetes by the end of a 10 year follow-up period...
June 8, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587078/morinda-citrifolia-linn-noni-and-its-potential-in-obesity-related-metabolic-dysfunction
#17
REVIEW
Aline Carla Inada, Priscila Silva Figueiredo, Rosângela Aparecida Dos Santos-Eichler, Karine de Cássia Freitas, Priscila Aiko Hiane, Alinne Pereira de Castro, Rita de Cássia Avellaneda Guimarães
Cultural and economic shifts in the early 19th century led to the rapid development of companies that made good profits from technologically-produced commodities. In this way, some habits changed in society, such as the overconsumption of processed and micronutrient-poor foods and devices that gave rise to a sedentary lifestyle. These factors influenced host-microbiome interactions which, in turn, mediated the etiopathogenesis of "new-era" disorders and diseases, which are closely related, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hypertension, and inflammatory bowel disease, which are characterized by chronic dysregulation of metabolic and immune processes...
May 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586602/frequency-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-asthmatic-patients-of-hazara-division
#18
Nasir Ahmed, Syed Moosa Kazim, Syed Yasir Gillani
BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is a common disease and most asthmatics are obese. Both asthma and obesity are showing parallel trends in their increasing prevalence. Obesity is also the main component of metabolic syndrome and several studies have shown metabolic syndrome to be associated with bronchial asthma. The present study was, therefore, designed to determine the frequency of metabolic syndrome among patients with chronic asthma in our setup. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Department of Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from May to November, 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576674/public-park-spaces-as-a-platform-to-promote-healthy-living-introducing-a-healthpark-concept
#19
REVIEW
Ross Arena, Samantha Bond, Robert O'Neil, Deepika R Laddu, Andrew P Hills, Carl J Lavie, Amy McNeil
The concept of Healthy Living (HL) as a primary medical intervention continues to gain traction, and rightfully so. Being physically active, consuming a nutritious diet, not smoking and maintaining an appropriate body weight constitute the HL polypill, the foundation of HL medicine (HLM). Daily use of the HL polypill, working toward optimal dosages, portends profound health benefits, substantially reducing the risk of chronic disease [i.e., cardiovascular disease (CVD), pulmonary disease, metabolic syndromes, certain cancers, etc...
May 30, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575810/homology-modeling-and-molecular-docking-studies-on-type-ii-diabetes-complications-reduced-ppar%C3%AE-receptor-with-various-ligand-molecules
#20
S Prabhu, S Vijayakumar, P Manogar, Gaanty Pragas Maniam, Natanamurugaraj Govindan
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), a type II nuclear receptor present in adipose tissue, colon and macrophages. It reduces the hyperglycemia associated metabolic syndromes. Particularly, type II diabetes-related cardiovascular system risk in human beings. The fatty acid storage and glucose metabolism are regulated by PPARγ activation in human body. According to recent reports commercially available PPARγ activating drugs have been causing severe side effects. At the same time, natural products have been proved to be a promising area of drug discovery...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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