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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929646/-research-progress-in-mechanism-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-treatment-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Xian-Ying Zhou, Li Zhou, Zu-Yue Sun
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder, which is characterized by hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance and chronic anovulation, and has become a serious threat to the health of adolescents and women of childbearing age.At present,lowering androgen, improving insulin resistance and inducing ovulation are the main methods adopted by doctors to treat the disease, but the adverse reactions of the western medicine and the long-term treatment are hard to be accepted by the patients...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927871/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-argentina-in-the-last-25-years-systematic-review-of-population-observational-studies
#2
A Diaz, W Espeche, C March, R Flores, R Parodi, M A Genesio, R Sabio, S Poppe
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Metabolic syndrome (MS) comprises a set of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Argentina has numerous epidemiological studies on MS, however, there has been no systematic analysis of the prevalence of MS in our population. To estimate the prevalence of MS in the Argentine Republic, a systematic review of observational studies published during the period 1988-2014 was carried out. SEARCH STRATEGY: A bibliographic search was conducted in the MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature) databases on studies conducted in Argentina between January 1989 and December 2014...
September 16, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927507/providing-physical-care-to-persons-with-serious-mental-illness-attitudes-confidence-barriers-and-psychological-empowerment
#3
Margaret Knight, Paula Bolton, Lynne Kopeski
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in people with serious mental illness (SMI) has been well documented in the mental health literature. Despite the adoption of various guidelines for monitoring risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular risk in this population, limited translation has occurred in actual practice (Hermes, Sernyak, & Rosenheck, 2013). The Institute of Medicine (IoM) (2009) has noted a lag time in the application of knowledge within clinical settings. Evidence-based practice was deemed as a means of improving healthcare outcomes through the use of science supported standards of care...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925892/natural-active-compounds-from-plant-food-and-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#4
Qian Liu, Lixin Zhu, Chen Cheng, Yiyang Hu, Qin Feng
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become more prevalent worldwide. It is often associated with some metabolic diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. With increasing focus on the treatment of fatty liver, much attention has been paid to numerous medicinal herbs and dietary substances to provide a new strategy for NAFLD treatment. The natural active compounds from the herbs or diet have been studied as promising treatments for NAFLD. This study aimed to summarize the use and mechanism of action of natural active compounds in the treatment of NAFLD in the recent 10 years...
September 18, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916931/physical-exercise-prescription-in-metabolic-chronic-disease
#5
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti
Metabolic syndrome as a consequence of the association to overweight, hypertension, and diabetes is at high risk of coronary events. Regular physical training has been recently promoted to reduce cardiovascular risks factors, by the improved lifestyle and also by the "anti-inflammatory effectiveness." A positive impact has been shown in case of cancer survived patients either with or without comorbidities and especially in those subjects where the inflammatory process is globally represented. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) guidelines and more recently a new Italian model both support the role of "exercise as therapy" at moderate level of energy expenditure...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894623/ethnopharmacological-values-of-cassava-and-its-potential-for-diabetes-and-dyslipidemia-management-knowledge-survey-and-critical-review-of-report
#6
Ezekiel Uba Nwose, Bonaventure C Onodu, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Mathew O Sedowo, John N Okuzor, Richard J Culas
BACKGROUND: Beyond nutritional values are the pharmacological potentials of cassava comparative with other staple carbohydrate plant-based foods such as wheat. The knowledge of applicability to diabetes and its cardiovascular complications management seems not just limited but unacknowledged. As a preliminary study, a community's knowledge of pharmacological value of cassava is investigated. METHODS: Descriptive observational study using questionnaire-based "cross-sectional" survey was conducted...
July 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884735/-the-spa-and-health-resort-based-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome-with-the-application-of-the-therapeutic-courses-of-different-duration-the-evaluation-according-long-term-results
#7
E N Chalaya, L A Botvineva, L V Tsallagova, N K Ahkubekova, N V Efimenko, A S Kaysinova, V Yu Amiyants, V A Vasin
AIM: The objective of the present study was to estimate the effectiveness of the new therapeutic modalities for the spa and health resort-based treatment of metabolic syndrome based on the results of the long-term follow-up observations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients presenting with metabolic syndrome were recruited for the participation in the study. All of them underwent a shortened course of mineral water intake in the combination with the use of the herbal medicinal products...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878680/andrographolide-a-new-hope-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Muhammad T Islam
Recently, the use of plant-derived medicines is increasing interest in the prevention and treatment of a variety of disorders including metabolic syndromes. Metabolic syndrome is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and incidence of mortality worldwide. Scientific evidence suggests that Andrographis paniculata and its derived components, especially andrographolide (AGL) and its analogs/derivatives have a broad spectrum of biological activities. This review aims to sketch the activity of AGL and its analogs/derivatives against the components of metabolic syndromes such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obesity...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870047/-expert-consensus-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-gitelman-syndrome
#9
(no author information available yet)
Gitelman syndrome (GS) is an autosomal recessive, salt-losing tubulopathy caused by inactivating mutations in the SLC12A3 gene that encodes the thiazide-sensitive sodium-chloride cotransporter (NCC). GS is characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria. GS is one of the most common inherited renal tubulopathy with a prevalence estimated at about one to ten per 40 000 people. The prevalence of GS is even higher in Asia than other countries. The majority of GS patients present mild and nonspecific symptoms during adolescence or adulthood...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867116/precision-medicine-and-pet-computed-tomography-in-cardiovascular-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth H Dibble, Don C Yoo
PET/computed tomography (CT) can evaluate the metabolic and anatomic involvement of a variety of inflammatory, infectious, and malignant cardiovascular disorders. PET/CT is useful in evaluating coronary vasculature, hibernating myocardium, cardiac sarcoidosis, cardiac amyloidosis, cerebrovascular disease, acute aortic syndromes, cardiac and vascular neoplasms, cardiac and vascular infections, and vasculitis. Novel targeted radiopharmaceutical agents and novel use of established techniques show promise in diagnosing and monitoring cardiovascular diseases...
October 2017: PET Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843650/relationship-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-with-thyroid-dysfunction-in-algerian-patients
#11
Mohamed Larbi Hamlaoui, Ammar Ayachi, Aoulia Dekaken, Adel Gouri
AIMS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its compounds in subjects with different thyroid status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the internal medicine department at El Okbi Hospital of Guelma (East of Algeria) from January 2014 to September 2015. Eighty six patients attending the specialist consultation for suspected thyroid disorders were included in the study. Gender; blood pressure; body mass index; and serum levels of fasting glucose, total cholesterol (TC), high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride were compared between subjects with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and euthyroidism...
August 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840832/torenia-concolor-lindley-var-formosana-yamazaki-extracts-improve-inflammatory-response-and-lipid-accumulation-via-ppars-activation
#12
Yu-Chia Liang, Jun-Cheng Hu, Pei-Ying Li, Guan-Jhong Huang, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Che-Yi Chao
Background/Introduction: At present, human diet is replete with sugar and fat. Abnormal metabolism and hyperglycemia or hyperlipidemia in the body induces the development of an overactive and continuous inflammatory response, resulting in obesity and metabolic syndromes, including hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and insulin resistance. Torenia concolor Lindley var. formosana Yamazaki (TC), a perennial creeping herbaceous plant, is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb widely used for the treatment of heat stroke, aching muscles and bones, cold, dysentery, and ambustion...
September 2017: BioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820743/sleep-apnea-a-review-of-diagnostic-sensors-algorithms-and-therapies
#13
Mehdi Shokoueinejad, Chris Fernandez, Emily Carroll, Fa Wang, Jake Levin, Sam Rusk, Nick Glattard, Ashley Mulchrone, Xuan Zhang, Ailiang Xie, Mihaela Teodorescu, Jerome Dempsey, John Webster
While public awareness of sleep related disorders is growing, sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) remains a public health and economic challenge. Over the last two decades, extensive controlled epidemiologic research has clarified the incidence, risk factors including the obesity epidemic, and global prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as well as establishing a growing body of literature linking OSA with cardiovascular morbidity, mortality, metabolic dysregulation, and neurocognitive impairment. The US Institute of Medicine Committee on Sleep Medicine estimates that 50-70 million US adults have sleep or wakefulness disorders...
August 18, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811829/metabolomics-analysis-for-defining-serum-biochemical-markers-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-qi-deficiency-syndrome-or-yin-deficiency-syndrome
#14
Fangfang Tao, Ping Lü, Chunbo Xu, Mengmeng Zheng, Wenhong Liu, Minhe Shen, Shanming Ruan
Colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of tumor-associated death, and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) classifies colorectal cancer into various subtypes mainly according to the symptomatic pattern identification (ZHENG). Here, we investigated the difference in metabolic profiles of serum by comparing colorectal cancer subjects with Nondeficiency (ND), Qi deficiency (QD), and Yin deficiency (YD). The ratio of subjects with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was higher in YD pattern, and the ratio of subjects with carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) was higher both in YD and in QD, compared with ND...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799235/dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-serum-activity-and-concentration-are-increased-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
Sindy Blauschmidt, Thomas Greither, Katharina Lampe, Solveig Köller, Petra Kaltwaßer, Hermann M Behre
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex disease, the aetiology of which is not well understood. Alterations in potential candidate genes involved in the biosynthesis and metabolism of androgens, folliculogenesis and insulin and glucose metabolism have been suggested as possible aetiologies. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) plays a key role in glucose homoeostasis and, thus, in the regulation of insulin secretion. The aim of our study was to analyse the DPP4 activity and concentrations in the serum of PCOS and non-PCOS patients and, additionally, study the activation of the DPP4 promoter by androgens in vitro...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763833/deciphering-adipose-tissue-heterogeneity
#16
REVIEW
Matthew D Lynes, Yu-Hua Tseng
Obesity is an excess accumulation of adipose tissue mass, and, together with its sequelae, in particular type II diabetes and metabolic syndrome, obesity presents a major health crisis. Although obesity is simply caused by increased adipose mass, the heterogeneity of adipose tissue in humans means that the response to increased energy balance is highly complex. Individual subjects with similar phenotypes may respond very differently to the same treatments; therefore, obesity may benefit from a personalized precision medicine approach...
August 1, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748747/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-overactive-bladder-a-case-control-study
#17
Zana Saratlija Novakovic, Roberta Andrea Tesija, Livia Puljak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to investigate the association between overactive bladder (OAB) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The primary hypothesis was that OAB is significantly more prevalent among patients with MetS than in control participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted among 114 patients, with 57 patients in the MetS group and 57 in the control group. Study participants were recruited in a family medicine practice...
July 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743670/xuefu-zhuyu-decoction-ameliorates-obesity-hepatic-steatosis-neuroinflammation-amyloid-deposition-and-cognition-impairment-in-metabolically-stressed-appswe-ps1de9-mice
#18
Chih-Wen Yeh, Hui-Kang Liu, Lie-Chwen Lin, Kou-Tong Liou, Yung-Cheng Huang, Chien-Hung Lin, Tsai-Teng Tzeng, Feng-Shiun Shie, Huey-Jen Tsay, Young-Ji Shiao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Metabolic syndrome and vascular dysfunction was suggested to be the risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Xuefu Zhuyu decoction (XZD) is a traditional Chinese medicine used to treat metabolic syndrome and cardiac-cerebral vascular disease. The effects of XZD on ameliorating metabolic syndrome, amyloid-related pathologies and cognitive impairment in an animal model of AD with metabolic stress was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The animal model of AD with metabolic stress was created by administrating high-fat diet and a low-dose injection of streptozotocin prior to the appearance of senile plaques in APP/PS1 transgenic mice...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742368/borapetoside-e-a-clerodane-diterpenoid-extracted-from-tinospora-crispa-improves-hyperglycemia-and-hyperlipidemia-in-high-fat-diet-induced-type-2-diabetes-mice
#19
Yuhui Xu, Yanfen Niu, Yuan Gao, Fang Wang, Wanying Qin, Yanting Lu, Jing Hu, Li Peng, Jikai Liu, Wenyong Xiong
An insidious increase in the incidence of obesity, insulin resistance, and hyperlipidemia has led to an epidemic of type 2 diabetes worldwide. Tinospora crispa (T. crispa) is a familiar plant traditionally used in herbal medicine for diabetes; however, the major active ingredients of this plant are still unclear. In this study, we identified the therapeutic effects of borapetoside E, a small molecule extracted from T. crispa, in high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity in mice. The therapeutic effects of borapetoside E in HFD-induced obese mice were assessed physiologically, histologically, and biochemically following intraperitoneal injection...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736228/dbz-is-a-putative-ppar%C3%AE-agonist-that-prevents-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-insulin-resistance-and-gut-dysbiosis
#20
Pengfei Xu, Fan Hong, Jialin Wang, Jing Wang, Xia Zhao, Sheng Wang, Tingting Xue, Jingwei Xu, Xiaohui Zheng, Yonggong Zhai
BACKGROUND: The nuclear receptor PPARγ is an effective pharmacological target for some types of metabolic syndrome, including obesity, diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and cardiovascular disease. However, the current PPARγ-targeting thiazolidinedione drugs have undesirable side effects. Danshensu Bingpian Zhi (DBZ), also known as tanshinol borneol ester derived from Salvia miltiorrhiza, is a synthetic derivative of natural compounds used in traditional Chinese medicine for its anti-inflammatory activity...
July 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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