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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350787/fathers-experiences-with-their-preterm-babies-admitted-to-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-multi-method-study
#1
Alberto Stefana, Ezio Maria Padovani, Paolo Biban, Manuela Lavelli
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate fathers' emotional experiences of their infant's preterm birth and subsequent stay in neonatal intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: When a baby is born preterm, there is also the premature interruption of the process of preparation for fatherhood. As a result, the impact on fathers of the preterm birth can bring negative consequences for the development of father-infant relationship. DESIGN: A multi-method approach was used which included ethnographic observation, semi-structured interviews with fathers, a self-report questionnaire and clinical information between September 2015-March 2017...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350696/cancer-anorexia-and-cachexia-screening-in-an-ambulatory-infusion-service-and-nutrition-consultation%C3%A2
#2
Donna L Berry, Traci Blonquist, Manan M Nayak, Kristin Roper, Nancy Hilton, Heidi Lombard, Allison Hester, Anne Chiavacci, Stephanie Meyers, Katherine McManus
BACKGROUND: Cancer anorexia-cachexia syndrome compromises physical function and nutritional and emotional well-being. Systematic screening followed by nutrition referral for appropriate interventions is rare.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to pilot a screening process followed by nutritional assessment and intervention when warranted for patients with lung malignancies.
. METHODS: Adult patients with lung malignancies were invited to complete the 12-item Anorexia/Cachexia Scale (A/CS-12) on the day of chemotherapy initiation in ambulatory infusion...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350656/italian-version-of-dyspnoea-12-cultural-linguistic-validation-quantitative-and-qualitative-content-validity-study
#3
Rosario Caruso, Cristina Arrigoni, Katia Groppelli, Arianna Magon, Federica Dellafiore, Francesco Pittella, Anna Maria Grugnetti, Massimo Chessa, Janelle Yorke
BACKGROUND: Dyspnoea-12 is a valid and reliable scale to assess dyspneic symptom, considering its severity, physical and emotional components. However, it is not available in Italian version due to it was not yet translated and validated. For this reason, the aim of this study was to develop an Italian version Dyspnoea-12, providing a cultural and linguistic validation, supported by the quantitative and qualitative content validity. METHODS: This was a methodological study, divided into two phases: phase one is related to the cultural and linguistic validation, phase two is related to test the quantitative and qualitative content validity...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350384/the-importance-of-psychosocial-factors-in-management-of-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-patients
#4
Maria A Sobczak-Kaleta, Adam Torbicki, Jarosław D Kasprzak
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is significantly reshaping personal and professional lives of patients due to its chronic nature, varying clinical profile and uncertain perspectives of treatment. PAH is at this time an incurable disease, which requires to consider not only strictly medical dimension, but also the psychosocial aspects of care. This paper discusses therefore the psychological problems most commonly reported by PAH patients. It reviews the instruments used to assess them. We describe the relationships between the quality of life and depressive symptoms and the physical activity of the PAH patients, which have deep treatment-related consequences...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349594/pacifists-and-revenge-seekers-in-response-to-unambiguous-peer-provocation
#5
Kristina L McDonald, Steven R Asher
In order to better understand why some children retaliate when they feel provoked and others do not, the present study identified "pacifistically-oriented" children who made negative interpretations in response to unambiguous provocations, yet did not endorse revenge goals, and compared them to "revenge-seeking" children who also made negative interpretations but did endorse revenge goals. Groups were identified based on seventh graders' (N = 367; 54.77% male; 22.89% racial/ethnic minority) responses to hypothetical situations in which a peer excluded and insulted them...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348683/the-effect-of-foreign-language-in-fear-acquisition
#6
Azucena García-Palacios, Albert Costa, Diana Castilla, Eva Del Río, Aina Casaponsa, Jon Andoni Duñabeitia
Emotions are at the core of human nature. There is evidence that emotional reactivity in foreign languages compared to native languages is reduced. We explore whether this emotional distance could modulate fear conditioning, an essential mechanism for the understanding and treatment of anxiety disorders. A group of participants was verbally informed (either in a foreign or in a native language) that two different stimuli could be either cueing the potential presence of a threat stimulus or its absence. We registered pupil size and electrodermal activity and calculated the difference in psychophysiological responses to conditioned and to unconditioned stimuli...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348485/motor-signatures-of-emotional-reactivity-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#7
Charles R Marshall, Chris J D Hardy, Lucy L Russell, Camilla N Clark, Rebecca L Bond, Katrina M Dick, Emilie V Brotherhood, Cath J Mummery, Jonathan M Schott, Jonathan D Rohrer, James M Kilner, Jason D Warren
Automatic motor mimicry is essential to the normal processing of perceived emotion, and disrupted automatic imitation might underpin socio-emotional deficits in neurodegenerative diseases, particularly the frontotemporal dementias. However, the pathophysiology of emotional reactivity in these diseases has not been elucidated. We studied facial electromyographic responses during emotion identification on viewing videos of dynamic facial expressions in 37 patients representing canonical frontotemporal dementia syndromes versus 21 healthy older individuals...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346908/mechanisms-of-self-organized-criticality-in-social-processes-of-knowledge-creation
#8
Bosiljka Tadić, Marija Mitrović Dankulov, Roderick Melnik
In online social dynamics, a robust scale invariance appears as a key feature of collaborative efforts that lead to new social value. The underlying empirical data thus offers a unique opportunity to study the origin of self-organized criticality (SOC) in social systems. In contrast to physical systems in the laboratory, various human attributes of the actors play an essential role in the process along with the contents (cognitive, emotional) of the communicated artifacts. As a prototypical example, we consider the social endeavor of knowledge creation via Questions and Answers (Q&A)...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345251/cancer-associated-cachexia
#9
REVIEW
Vickie E Baracos, Lisa Martin, Murray Korc, Denis C Guttridge, Kenneth C H Fearon
Cancer-associated cachexia is a disorder characterized by loss of body weight with specific losses of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Cachexia is driven by a variable combination of reduced food intake and metabolic changes, including elevated energy expenditure, excess catabolism and inflammation. Cachexia is highly associated with cancers of the pancreas, oesophagus, stomach, lung, liver and bowel; this group of malignancies is responsible for half of all cancer deaths worldwide. Cachexia involves diverse mediators derived from the cancer cells and cells within the tumour microenvironment, including inflammatory and immune cells...
January 18, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343928/exploration-of-lower-frequency-eeg-dynamics-and-cortical-alpha-asymmetry-in-long-term-rajyoga-meditators
#10
Kanishka Sharma, Sushil Chandra, Ashok Kumar Dubey
Background: Rajyoga meditation is taught by Prajapita Brahmakumaris World Spiritual University (Brahmakumaris) and has been followed by more than one million followers across the globe. However, rare studies were conducted on physiological aspects of rajyoga meditation using electroencephalography (EEG). Band power and cortical asymmetry were not studied with Rajyoga meditators. Aims: This study aims to investigate the effect of regular meditation practice on EEG brain dynamics in low-frequency bands of long-term Rajyoga meditators...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#11
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343176/on-understanding-the-nature-of-interpersonal-conflict-between-coaches-and-athletes
#12
Svenja Wachsmuth, Sophia Jowett, Chris G Harwood
Conflict is a part of coach-athlete relationships and should be carefully considered as it can have effects on the quality of coaching and the level of performance. Despite its practical relevance, there is a dearth of research around coach-athlete conflict. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore the characteristics and topics of conflict, as well as coaches and athletes' emotional, cognitive and behavioural experiences during conflict. A total of 22 independent coaches and athletes participated in semi-structured interviews evolving around the nature of interpersonal conflict...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342494/how-does-the-patient-react-after-reading-the-informed-consent-form-of-a-gynecological-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#13
Andrea Cristina Amorim, Luis Guilherme Teixeira Dos Santos, Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Luiz Gustavo Oliveira Brito
OBJECTIVE:  To analyze the reaction of women after reading the Informed Consent Form (ICF) before undergoing elective gynecological/urogynecological surgeries. METHODS:  A qualitative study with 53 women was conducted between September 2014 and May 2015. The analysis of the content was conducted after a scripted interview was made in a reserved room and transcribed verbatim. We read the ICF once more in front of the patient, and then she was interviewed according to a script of questions about emotions and reactions that occurred about the procedure and her expectations about the intra- and postoperative period...
January 17, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342446/the-impact-of-happy-and-angry-faces-on-working-memory-in-depressed-adolescents
#14
Laura Wante, Sven C Mueller, Sofie Cromheeke, Caroline Braet
Recent cognitive models suggest that the ability to control emotional information in working memory (WM) may be implicated in the etiology and maintenance of depression. However, few studies have examined the effects of processing relevant and irrelevant emotional stimuli on WM performance in depressed adolescents. In the current study, depressed adolescents (n = 27) and healthy adolescents (n = 49) completed two versions of an emotional n-back task: a low WM load (0-back) task and a high WM load (2-back) task...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342237/the-roles-of-subdivisions-of-human-insula-in-emotion-perception-and-auditory-processing
#15
Yang Zhang, Wenjing Zhou, Siyu Wang, Qin Zhou, Haixiang Wang, Bingqing Zhang, Juan Huang, Bo Hong, Xiaoqin Wang
Previous studies have shown insular activations involving sensory, motor, and affective processing. However, the functional roles of subdivisions within the human insula are still not well understood. In the present study, we used intracranial electroencephalography and electrical cortical stimulation to investigate the causal roles of subdivisions of the insula in auditory emotion perception in epilepsy patients implanted with depth electrodes in this brain region. The posterior and the anterior subdivisions of the human insula, identified based on structural and functional analyses, showed distinct response properties to auditory emotional stimuli...
January 12, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341347/employing-the-arts-for-knowledge-production-and-translation-visualizing-new-possibilities-for-women-speaking-up-about-safety-concerns-in-maternity
#16
Nicola Mackintosh, Jane Sandall, Claire Collison, Wendy Carter, James Harris
OBJECTIVES: This project used animated film to translate research findings into accessible health information aimed at enabling women to speak up and secure professional help for serious safety concerns during pregnancy and after birth. We tested as proof of concept our use of the arts both as product (knowledge production) and process (enabling involvement). BACKGROUND: Emergencies during pregnancy and birth, while unusual, can develop rapidly and unexpectedly, with catastrophic consequences...
January 17, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341203/food-specific-inhibitory-control-under-negative-mood-in-binge-eating-disorder-evidence-from-a-multimethod-approach
#17
Elisabeth J Leehr, Kathrin Schag, Thomas Dresler, Moritz Grosse-Wentrup, Martin Hautzinger, Andreas J Fallgatter, Stephan Zipfel, Katrin E Giel, Ann-Christine Ehlis
OBJECTIVE: Inhibitory control has been discussed as a developmental and maintenance factor in binge-eating disorder (BED). The current study is the first aimed at investigating inhibitory control in a negative mood condition on a psychophysiological and behavioral level in BED with a combination of electroencephalography (EEG) and eye tracking (ET). METHOD: We conducted a combined EEG and ET study with overweight individuals with BED (BED+, n = 24, mean age = 31, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and without BED (BED-, n = 23, mean age = 28, mean BMI = 35 kg/m2 ) and a normal-weight (NWC, n = 26, mean age 28, mean BMI = 22 kg/m2 ) control group...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340943/a-prospective-investigation-of-rumination-and-executive-control-in-predicting-overgeneral-autobiographical-memory-in-adolescence
#18
Tracy M Stewart, Simon C Hunter, Sinéad M Rhodes
The CaR-FA-X model (Williams et al., 2007), or capture and rumination (CaR), functional avoidance (FA), and impaired executive control (X), is a model of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). Two mechanisms of the model, rumination and executive control, were examined in isolation and in interaction in order to investigate OGM over time. Across two time points, six months apart, a total of 149 adolescents (13-16 years) completed the minimal-instruction autobiographical memory test, a measure of executive control with both emotional and nonemotional stimuli, and measures of brooding rumination and reflective pondering...
January 16, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339313/the-human-body-odor-compound-androstadienone-increases-neural-interference-coupled-to-higher-behavioral-costs-during-an-emotional-stroop-task
#19
Jonas Hornung, Lydia Kogler, Michael Erb, Jessica Freiherr, Birgit Derntl
The androgen derivative androstadienone (AND) is a substance found in human sweat and thus may act as human chemosignal. With the current experiment, we aimed to explore in which way AND affects interference processing during an emotional Stroop task which used human faces as target and emotional words as distractor stimuli. This was complemented by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to unravel the neural mechanism of AND-action. Based on previous accounts we expected AND to increase neural activation in areas commonly implicated in evaluation of emotional face processing and to change neural activation in brain regions linked to interference processing...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339312/studying-emotion-theories-through-connectivity-analysis-evidence-from-generalized-psychophysiological-interactions-and-graph-theory
#20
Yun-An Huang, Jan Jastorff, Jan Van den Stock, Laura Van de Vliet, Patrick Dupont, Mathieu Vandenbulcke
Psychological construction models of emotion state that emotions are variable concepts constructed by fundamental psychological processes, whereas according to basic emotion theory, emotions cannot be divided into more fundamental units and each basic emotion is represented by a unique and innate neural circuitry. In a previous study, we found evidence for the psychological construction account by showing that several brain regions were commonly activated when perceiving different emotions (i.e. a general emotion network)...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
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