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Dengue virus, NS4B, NS1

Laura Rivino
Our understanding of how T cells respond to dengue virus has greatly advanced in the last decade but important questions still remain unanswered. Dengue virus infection elicits a broad anti-viral T cell response with NS3, NS4b and NS5 being the main targets for CD8+ T cells, which dominate the response while the structural proteins capsid, envelope and the secreted protein NS1 are the preferential targets for CD4+ T cells. Upon T cell activation during acute dengue infection, dengue-specific T cells acquire expression of the skin-homing marker cutaneous associated antigen (CLA) and they can be found at high frequencies in the skin of infected patients...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Beate M Kümmerer
Dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) are enveloped, positive-strand RNA viruses belonging to the genus Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae. The genome of ~11 kb length encodes one long open reading frame flanked by a 5' and a 3' untranslated region (UTR). The 5' end is capped and the 3' end lacks a poly(A) tail. The encoded single polyprotein is cleaved co-and posttranslationally by cellular and viral proteases. The first one-third of the genome encodes the structural proteins (C-prM-E), whereas the nonstructural (NS) proteins NS1-NS2A-NS3-NS4A-2K-NS4B-NS5 are encoded by the remaining two-thirds of the genome...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Kanjana Srisutthisamphan, Krit Jirakanwisal, Suwipa Ramphan, Natthida Tongluan, Atichat Kuadkitkan, Duncan R Smith
Infections with the mosquito-borne dengue virus (DENV) remain a significant public health challenge. In the absence of a commercial therapeutic to treat DENV infection, a greater understanding of the processes of cellular replication is required. The abundant cellular chaperone protein heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has been shown to play a proviral role in the replication cycle of several viruses, predominantly through the stabilization of specific viral proteins. To investigate any potential role of Hsp90 in DENV infection the interaction between Hsp90 and DENV proteins was determined through co-immunoprecipitation experiments...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mohamed Lamine Hafirassou, Laurent Meertens, Claudia Umaña-Diaz, Athena Labeau, Ophelie Dejarnac, Lucie Bonnet-Madin, Beate M Kümmerer, Constance Delaugerre, Philippe Roingeard, Pierre-Olivier Vidalain, Ali Amara
Dengue virus (DENV) infections cause the most prevalent mosquito-borne viral disease worldwide, for which no therapies are available. DENV encodes seven non-structural (NS) proteins that co-assemble and recruit poorly characterized host factors to form the DENV replication complex essential for viral infection. Here, we provide a global proteomic analysis of the human host factors that interact with the DENV NS1 protein. Combined with a functional RNAi screen, this study reveals a comprehensive network of host cellular processes involved in DENV infection and identifies DENV host restriction and dependency factors...
December 26, 2017: Cell Reports
Guang Song, Hee-Sool Rho, Jianbo Pan, Pedro Ramos, Ki-Jun Yoon, Freddy A Medina, Emily M Lee, Daniel Eichinger, Guo-Li Ming, Jorge L Muñoz-Jordan, Hengli Tang, Ignacio Pino, Hongjun Song, Jiang Qian, Heng Zhu
Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) are closely related flaviviruses that cause widespread, acute febrile illnesses, notably microcephaly for fetuses of infected pregnant women. Detecting the viral cause of these illnesses is paramount to determine risks to patients, counsel pregnant women, and help fight outbreaks. A combined diagnostic algorithm for ZIKV and DENV requires Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and IgM antibody detection. RT-PCR differentiates between DENV and ZIKV infections during the acute phases of infection, but differentiation based on IgM antibodies is currently nearly impossible in endemic areas...
February 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Shun Chen, Zhen Wu, Mingshu Wang, Anchun Cheng
Flaviviridae-caused diseases are a critical, emerging public health problem worldwide. Flaviviridae infections usually cause severe, acute or chronic diseases, such as liver damage and liver cancer resulting from a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and high fever and shock caused by yellow fever. Many researchers worldwide are investigating the mechanisms by which Flaviviridae cause severe diseases. Flaviviridae can interfere with the host's innate immunity to achieve their purpose of proliferation. For instance, dengue virus (DENV) NS2A, NS2B3, NS4A, NS4B and NS5; HCV NS2, NS3, NS3/4A, NS4B and NS5A; and West Nile virus (WNV) NS1 and NS4B proteins are involved in immune evasion...
October 7, 2017: Viruses
David L Lin, Natalia A Cherepanova, Leonia Bozzacco, Margaret R MacDonald, Reid Gilmore, Andrew W Tai
Dengue virus (DENV) is the most common arboviral infection globally, infecting an estimated 390 million people each year. We employed a genome-wide clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) screen to identify host dependency factors required for DENV propagation and identified the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) complex as an essential host factor for DENV infection. Mammalian cells express two OSTs containing either STT3A or STT3B. We found that the canonical catalytic function of the OSTs as oligosaccharyltransferases is not necessary for DENV infection, as cells expressing catalytically inactive STT3A or STT3B are able to support DENV propagation...
July 18, 2017: MBio
Abbas El Sahili, Julien Lescar
The World Health Organization estimates that the yearly number of dengue cases averages 390 million. This mosquito-borne virus disease is endemic in over 100 countries and will probably continue spreading, given the observed trend in global warming. So far, there is no antiviral drug available against dengue, but a vaccine has been recently marketed. Dengue virus also serves as a prototype for the study of other pathogenic flaviviruses that are emerging, like West Nile virus and Zika virus. Upon viral entry into the host cell and fusion of the viral lipid membrane with the endosomal membrane, the viral RNA is released and expressed as a polyprotein, that is then matured into three structural and seven non-structural (NS) proteins...
April 24, 2017: Viruses
Jonas N Conde, Emiliana M Silva, Angela S Barbosa, Ronaldo Mohana-Borges
The incidence of flavivirus infections has increased dramatically in recent decades in tropical and sub-tropical climates worldwide, affecting hundreds of millions of people each year. The Flaviviridae family includes dengue, West Nile, Zika, Japanese encephalitis, and yellow fever viruses that are typically transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks, and cause a wide range of symptoms, such as fever, shock, meningitis, paralysis, birth defects, and death. The flavivirus genome is composed of a single positive-sense RNA molecule encoding a single viral polyprotein...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Sean Ekins, John Liebler, Bruno J Neves, Warren G Lewis, Megan Coffee, Rachelle Bienstock, Christopher Southan, Carolina H Andrade
The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae, which is similar to dengue virus, yellow fever and West Nile virus. Recent outbreaks in South America, Latin America, the Caribbean and in particular Brazil have led to concern for the spread of the disease and potential to cause Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly. Although ZIKV has been known of for over 60 years there is very little in the way of knowledge of the virus with few publications and no crystal structures. No antivirals have been tested against it either in vitro or in vivo...
2016: F1000Research
Manuela Sironi, Diego Forni, Mario Clerici, Rachele Cagliani
The Flavivirus genus comprises several human pathogens such as dengue virus (DENV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and Zika virus (ZIKV). Although ZIKV usually causes mild symptoms, growing evidence is linking it to congenital birth defects and to increased risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome. ZIKV encodes a polyprotein that is processed to produce three structural and seven nonstructural (NS) proteins. We investigated the evolution of the viral polyprotein in ZIKV and in related flaviviruses (DENV, Spondweni virus, and Kedougou virus)...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Bryan D Cox, Richard A Stanton, Raymond F Schinazi
BACKGROUND: Zika virus is an emerging crisis as infection is implicated in severe neurological disorders-Guillain-Barré syndrome and fetal microcephaly. There are currently no treatment options available for Zika virus infection. This virus is part of the flavivirus genus and closely related to Dengue Fever Virus, West Nile Virus, and Japanese Encephalitis Virus. Like other flaviviruses, the Zika virus genome encodes three structural proteins (capsid, precursor membrane, and envelope) and seven nonstructural proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5)...
August 2015: Antiviral Chemistry & Chemotherapy
Jin-Kyoung Kim, Jeong-Min Kim, Byung-Hak Song, Sang-Im Yun, Gil-Nam Yun, Sung-June Byun, Young-Min Lee
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, is closely related to West Nile (WN), yellow fever (YF), and dengue (DEN) viruses. Its plus-strand genomic RNA carries a single open reading frame encoding a polyprotein that is cleaved into three structural (C, prM/M, and E) and at least seven nonstructural (NS1/NS1', NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5) proteins, based on previous work with WNV, YFV, and DENV. Here, we aimed to profile experimentally all the viral proteins found in JEV-infected cells...
2015: PloS One
Siwaporn Boonyasuppayakorn, Radhakrishnan Padmanabhan
Dengue virus (DENV), a member of mosquito-borne flavivirus, causes self-limiting dengue fever as well as life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Its positive sense RNA genome has a cap at the 5'-end and no poly(A) tail at the 3'-end. The viral RNA encodes a single polyprotein, C-prM-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B-NS3-NS4A-NS4B-NS5. The polyprotein is processed into 3 structural proteins (C, prM, and E) and 7 nonstructural (NS) proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, NS5). NS3 and NS5 are multifunctional enzymes performing various tasks in viral life cycle...
2014: Methods in Molecular Biology
Huiguo Lai, Tadahisa Teramoto, Radhakrishnan Padmanabhan
Dengue virus serotypes 1-4 (DENV1-4) are mosquito-borne human pathogens of global significance causing ~390 million cases annually worldwide. The virus infections cause in general a self-limiting disease, known as dengue fever, but occasionally also more severe forms, especially during secondary infections, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome causing ~25,000 deaths annually. The DENV genome contains a single-strand positive sense RNA, approximately 11 kb in length. The 5'-end has a type I cap structure...
2014: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sofia L Alcaraz-Estrada, Rosa Del Angel, Radhakrishnan Padmanabhan
Dengue virus serotypes 1-4 are members of mosquito-borne flavivirus genus of Flaviviridae family that encode one long open reading frame (ORF) that is translated to a polyprotein. Both host and virally encoded proteases function in the processing of the polyprotein by co-translational and posttranslational mechanisms to yield 10 mature proteins prior to viral RNA replication. To study cis- and trans-acting factors involved in viral RNA replication, many groups [1-8] have constructed cDNAs encoding West Nile virus (WNV), DENV, or yellow fever virus reporter replicon RNAs...
2014: Methods in Molecular Biology
Yunchen Bi, Lei Zhu, Hua Li, Bo Wu, Jinsong Liu, Junfeng Wang
Dengue virus, belongs to Flaviviridae, is an arthropod transmitted virus that threatens millions of people's lives. As with other flaviviruses, a positive single-stranded 11-kilobases RNA in the dengue virus genome encodes three structural proteins (capsid protein C, membrane protein M, and envelope protein E) and seven non-structural proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5). The two component protease NS2B-NS3p is essential for viral replication and is believed to be a potential antiviral drug target...
October 2013: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
Soonjeon Youn, Tuo Li, Broc T McCune, Melissa A Edeling, Daved H Fremont, Ileana M Cristea, Michael S Diamond
Flavivirus NS1 is a nonstructural glycoprotein that is expressed on the cell surface and secreted into the extracellular space. Despite its transit through the secretory pathway, NS1 is an essential gene linked to early viral RNA replication. How this occurs has remained a mystery given the disparate localization of NS1 and the viral RNA replication complex, as the latter is present on the cytosolic face of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We recently identified an N-terminal di-amino acid motif in NS1 that modulates protein targeting and affected viral replication...
July 2012: Journal of Virology
Rosmari Rodriguez-Roche, Elci Villegas, Shelley Cook, Pauline A W Poh Kim, Yoandri Hinojosa, Delfina Rosario, Iris Villalobos, Herminia Bendezu, Martin L Hibberd, Maria G Guzman
During the past three decades there has been a notable increase in dengue disease severity in Venezuela. Nevertheless, the population structure of the viruses being transmitted in this country is not well understood. Here, we present a molecular epidemiological study on dengue viruses (DENV) circulating in Aragua State, Venezuela during 2006-2007. Twenty-one DENV full-length genomes representing all of the four serotypes were amplified and sequenced directly from the serum samples. Notably, only DENV-2 was associated with severe disease...
March 2012: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Eileen P Kelly, Stephanie Polo, Wellington Sun, Barry Falgout
A live-attenuated dengue-2 virus strain S16803 vaccine candidate that is immunogenic and safe in humans was derived by 50 passages in primary dog kidney (PDK) cells. To identify mutations associated with attenuation of the dengue-2 PDK50 vaccine strain, we determined the nucleotide changes that arose during PDK passage of the dengue-2 virus. Thirteen mutations distinguished the PDK50 virus from low-passage parent resulting in amino acid substitutions in the premembrane (E89G), envelope (E202K, N203D), nonstructural proteins NS1 (A43T), NS2A (L181F), NS2B (I26V), and NS4B (I/T108T, L112F)...
August 2011: Virus Genes
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