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Dengue virus, NS4B, NS1

Sean Ekins, John Liebler, Bruno J Neves, Warren G Lewis, Megan Coffee, Rachelle Bienstock, Christopher Southan, Carolina H Andrade
The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae, which is similar to dengue virus, yellow fever and West Nile virus. Recent outbreaks in South America, Latin America, the Caribbean and in particular Brazil have led to concern for the spread of the disease and potential to cause Guillain-Barré syndrome and microcephaly. Although ZIKV has been known of for over 60 years there is very little in the way of knowledge of the virus with few publications and no crystal structures. No antivirals have been tested against it either in vitro or in vivo...
2016: F1000Research
Manuela Sironi, Diego Forni, Mario Clerici, Rachele Cagliani
The Flavivirus genus comprises several human pathogens such as dengue virus (DENV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), and Zika virus (ZIKV). Although ZIKV usually causes mild symptoms, growing evidence is linking it to congenital birth defects and to increased risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome. ZIKV encodes a polyprotein that is processed to produce three structural and seven nonstructural (NS) proteins. We investigated the evolution of the viral polyprotein in ZIKV and in related flaviviruses (DENV, Spondweni virus, and Kedougou virus)...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Bryan D Cox, Richard A Stanton, Raymond F Schinazi
BACKGROUND: Zika virus is an emerging crisis as infection is implicated in severe neurological disorders-Guillain-Barré syndrome and fetal microcephaly. There are currently no treatment options available for Zika virus infection. This virus is part of the flavivirus genus and closely related to Dengue Fever Virus, West Nile Virus, and Japanese Encephalitis Virus. Like other flaviviruses, the Zika virus genome encodes three structural proteins (capsid, precursor membrane, and envelope) and seven nonstructural proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5)...
August 2015: Antiviral Chemistry & Chemotherapy
Jin-Kyoung Kim, Jeong-Min Kim, Byung-Hak Song, Sang-Im Yun, Gil-Nam Yun, Sung-June Byun, Young-Min Lee
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, is closely related to West Nile (WN), yellow fever (YF), and dengue (DEN) viruses. Its plus-strand genomic RNA carries a single open reading frame encoding a polyprotein that is cleaved into three structural (C, prM/M, and E) and at least seven nonstructural (NS1/NS1', NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5) proteins, based on previous work with WNV, YFV, and DENV. Here, we aimed to profile experimentally all the viral proteins found in JEV-infected cells...
2015: PloS One
Siwaporn Boonyasuppayakorn, Radhakrishnan Padmanabhan
Dengue virus (DENV), a member of mosquito-borne flavivirus, causes self-limiting dengue fever as well as life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Its positive sense RNA genome has a cap at the 5'-end and no poly(A) tail at the 3'-end. The viral RNA encodes a single polyprotein, C-prM-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B-NS3-NS4A-NS4B-NS5. The polyprotein is processed into 3 structural proteins (C, prM, and E) and 7 nonstructural (NS) proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, NS5). NS3 and NS5 are multifunctional enzymes performing various tasks in viral life cycle...
2014: Methods in Molecular Biology
Huiguo Lai, Tadahisa Teramoto, Radhakrishnan Padmanabhan
Dengue virus serotypes 1-4 (DENV1-4) are mosquito-borne human pathogens of global significance causing ~390 million cases annually worldwide. The virus infections cause in general a self-limiting disease, known as dengue fever, but occasionally also more severe forms, especially during secondary infections, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome causing ~25,000 deaths annually. The DENV genome contains a single-strand positive sense RNA, approximately 11 kb in length. The 5'-end has a type I cap structure...
2014: Methods in Molecular Biology
Sofia L Alcaraz-Estrada, Rosa Del Angel, Radhakrishnan Padmanabhan
Dengue virus serotypes 1-4 are members of mosquito-borne flavivirus genus of Flaviviridae family that encode one long open reading frame (ORF) that is translated to a polyprotein. Both host and virally encoded proteases function in the processing of the polyprotein by co-translational and posttranslational mechanisms to yield 10 mature proteins prior to viral RNA replication. To study cis- and trans-acting factors involved in viral RNA replication, many groups [1-8] have constructed cDNAs encoding West Nile virus (WNV), DENV, or yellow fever virus reporter replicon RNAs...
2014: Methods in Molecular Biology
Yunchen Bi, Lei Zhu, Hua Li, Bo Wu, Jinsong Liu, Junfeng Wang
Dengue virus, belongs to Flaviviridae, is an arthropod transmitted virus that threatens millions of people's lives. As with other flaviviruses, a positive single-stranded 11-kilobases RNA in the dengue virus genome encodes three structural proteins (capsid protein C, membrane protein M, and envelope protein E) and seven non-structural proteins (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5). The two component protease NS2B-NS3p is essential for viral replication and is believed to be a potential antiviral drug target...
October 2013: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
Soonjeon Youn, Tuo Li, Broc T McCune, Melissa A Edeling, Daved H Fremont, Ileana M Cristea, Michael S Diamond
Flavivirus NS1 is a nonstructural glycoprotein that is expressed on the cell surface and secreted into the extracellular space. Despite its transit through the secretory pathway, NS1 is an essential gene linked to early viral RNA replication. How this occurs has remained a mystery given the disparate localization of NS1 and the viral RNA replication complex, as the latter is present on the cytosolic face of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). We recently identified an N-terminal di-amino acid motif in NS1 that modulates protein targeting and affected viral replication...
July 2012: Journal of Virology
Rosmari Rodriguez-Roche, Elci Villegas, Shelley Cook, Pauline A W Poh Kim, Yoandri Hinojosa, Delfina Rosario, Iris Villalobos, Herminia Bendezu, Martin L Hibberd, Maria G Guzman
During the past three decades there has been a notable increase in dengue disease severity in Venezuela. Nevertheless, the population structure of the viruses being transmitted in this country is not well understood. Here, we present a molecular epidemiological study on dengue viruses (DENV) circulating in Aragua State, Venezuela during 2006-2007. Twenty-one DENV full-length genomes representing all of the four serotypes were amplified and sequenced directly from the serum samples. Notably, only DENV-2 was associated with severe disease...
March 2012: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Eileen P Kelly, Stephanie Polo, Wellington Sun, Barry Falgout
A live-attenuated dengue-2 virus strain S16803 vaccine candidate that is immunogenic and safe in humans was derived by 50 passages in primary dog kidney (PDK) cells. To identify mutations associated with attenuation of the dengue-2 PDK50 vaccine strain, we determined the nucleotide changes that arose during PDK passage of the dengue-2 virus. Thirteen mutations distinguished the PDK50 virus from low-passage parent resulting in amino acid substitutions in the premembrane (E89G), envelope (E202K, N203D), nonstructural proteins NS1 (A43T), NS2A (L181F), NS2B (I26V), and NS4B (I/T108T, L112F)...
August 2011: Virus Genes
Stefan Fernandez, Emily D Cisney, Alexander P Tikhonov, Barry Schweitzer, Robert J Putnak, Monika Simmons, Robert G Ulrich
Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection caused by four distinct serotypes of dengue virus, each appearing cyclically in the tropics and subtropics along the equator. Although vaccines are currently under development, none are available to the general population. One of the main impediments to the successful advancement of these vaccines is the lack of well-defined immune correlates of protection. Here, we describe a protein microarray approach for measuring antibody responses to the complete viral proteome comprised of the structural (capsid, membrane, and envelope) and nonstructural (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5) components of all four dengue virus serotypes (1 to 4)...
April 2011: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
Eileen P Kelly, Beena Puri, Wellington Sun, Barry Falgout
Dengue 4 virus strain 341750 serially passaged 20 times in primary dog kidney (PDK) cells was shown to have reduced infectivity for rhesus monkeys but was immunogenic and protected the monkeys from challenge with low passage parent dengue 4 virus. The dengue 4 PDK20 virus was also shown to be attenuated for human volunteers. We compared the genomic nucleotide sequences of low passage parent and PDK20 attenuated vaccine strains and identified 11 nucleotide (nt) substitutions in the PDK20 genome. Five mutations caused amino acid changes in viral proteins E (N366N/S), NS1 (E146Q), NS4B (S/L112L and A240V), and NS5 (F/L790L)...
April 9, 2010: Vaccine
Adriano Mondini, Roberta Vieira de Moraes Bronzoni, Silvia Helena Pereira Nunes, Francisco Chiaravalloti Neto, Eduardo Massad, Wladimir J Alonso, Eduardo S M Lázzaro, Amena Alcântara Ferraz, Paolo Marinho de Andrade Zanotto, Maurício Lacerda Nogueira
The dengue virus has a single-stranded positive-sense RNA genome of approximately 10.700 nucleotides with a single open reading frame that encodes three structural (C, prM, and E) and seven nonstructural (NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B, and NS5) proteins. It possesses four antigenically distinct serotypes (DENV 1-4). Many phylogenetic studies address particularities of the different serotypes using convenience samples that are not conducive to a spatio-temporal analysis in a single urban setting. We describe the pattern of spread of distinct lineages of DENV-3 circulating in São José do Rio Preto, Brazil, during 2006...
2009: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
L Lazaro-Olán, G Mellado-Sánchez, J García-Cordero, A Escobar-Gutiérrez, L Santos-Argumedo, B Gutiérrez-Castañeda, L Cedillo-Barrón
This study was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of using recombinant dengue proteins to discriminate between acute dengue infections versus uninfected dengue samples. Dengue virus proteins E, NS1, NS3, and NS4B were cloned as fusion proteins and expressed in Escherichia coli. Recombinant products were tested in 100 serum samples obtained from acute dengue fever cases collected from 3 states of Mexico where dengue is endemic. Sera from 75 healthy individuals living in nonendemic areas for dengue were used as a control group...
2008: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Indira Umareddy, Alex Chao, Aruna Sampath, Feng Gu, Subhash G Vasudevan
Dengue virus, a member of the family Flaviviridae of positive-strand RNA viruses, has seven non-structural proteins: NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B and NS5. Except for enzymic activities contained within NS3 and NS5, the roles of the other proteins in virus replication and pathogenesis are not well defined. In this study, a physical interaction between NS4B and the helicase domain of NS3 was identified by using a yeast two-hybrid assay. This interaction was further confirmed by biochemical pull-down and immunoprecipitation assays, both with purified proteins and with dengue virus-infected cell lysates...
September 2006: Journal of General Virology
W H Attatippaholkun, M K Attatippaholkun, A Nisalak, D W Vaughn, B L Innis
The dengue-3 virus genome encodes an uninterrupted open reading frame (ORF) flanked by 5' and 3' non-coding regions. The order of proteins encoded in dengue-3 virus ORF, as with other flaviviruses, is: Cap 5'-C-prM-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B-NS3-NS4A-NS4B-NS5-3'. The nucleotide sequence of the 5'-noncoding region and the capsid protein of dengue-3virus (a Bangkok isolate: CH53489 isolated by USAMC-AFRIMS in 1973) has been analyzed in both forward and reverse directions. The PCR-based cycle sequencing technique by the enzymatic method of Sanger et al (1977) using a sequencing primer 5'-end labeled with gamma32P-ATP is the method of our choice for sequencing analysis...
2000: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
L Zhang, R Padmanabhan
The dengue virus type-2 (DEN-2) genome is a positive-strand RNA encoding a single polyprotein precursor, C-prM(M)-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B-NS3-NS4A-NS4B- NS5, consisting of 3391 amino acids (aa). The N-terminal region of the polyprotein precursor, C-prM(M)-E, encodes the structural proteins and is processed cotranslationally by the host signal peptidase. The nonstructural region NS1-->NS5 is processed by the viral protease(s), as well as by the signal peptidase. A two-component viral protease consisting of NS2B and the serine protease domain of NS3 has been shown to be required for cleavages having the consensus sequence of dibasic aa (K-R, R-R, R-K, or Q-R)...
July 30, 1993: Gene
A L Rothman, I Kurane, C J Lai, M Bray, B Falgout, R Men, F A Ennis
The identification of the protein targets for dengue virus-specific T lymphocytes may be useful for planning the development of subunit vaccines against dengue. We studied the recognition by murine dengue virus-specific major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted, CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) of dengue virus proteins using recombinant vaccinia viruses containing segments of the dengue virus genome. CTL from H-2k mice recognized a single serotype-cross-reactive epitope on the nonstructural (NS) protein NS3...
February 1993: Journal of Virology
E Mackow, Y Makino, B T Zhao, Y M Zhang, L Markoff, A Buckler-White, M Guiler, R Chanock, C J Lai
We recently cloned a full-length DNA copy of the dengue type 4 virus genome. Analysis of the 5' terminal nucleotide sequence suggested that the three-virion structural proteins are synthesized by proteolytic cleavage of a polyprotein precursor which is encoded in one open reading frame. We now present the remaining sequence of the dengue type 4 virus genome which codes for the nonstructural proteins. The entire genome, which is 10,644 nucleotides in length, contains one long open reading frame which codes for a single large polyprotein 3386 amino acids in length...
August 1987: Virology
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