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"somatization disorder"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761579/latent-class-analysis-differentiation-of-adjustment-disorder-and-demoralization-more-severe-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-and-somatic-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#1
I Bobevski, D W Kissane, S Vehling, D P McKenzie, H Glaesmer, A Mehnert
OBJECTIVES: Demoralization as a form of existential distress involves poor coping, low morale, hopelessness, helplessness and meaninglessness. In a secondary analysis of a cohort of German cancer patients, we aimed to explore latent class structure to assess the contribution that symptoms of demoralization make to anhedonic depression, anxiety, adjustment and somatic disorders. METHODS: Measures of demoralization, depression, anxiety, physical symptoms and functional impairment had been completed cross-sectionally by 1527 patients with early or advanced cancer...
May 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761489/mortality-in-unipolar-depression-preceding-and-following-chronic-somatic-diseases-a-nationwide-danish-study
#2
A Koyanagi, O Köhler-Forsberg, M E Benros, T Munk Laursen, J M Haro, Merete Nordentoft, Carsten Hjorthøj
OBJECTIVE: It is largely unknown how depression prior to and following somatic diseases affects mortality. Thus, we examined how the temporal order of depression and somatic diseases affects mortality risk. METHOD: Data were from a Danish population-based cohort from 1995 to 2013, which included all residents in Denmark during the study period (N = 4 984 912). Nineteen severe chronic somatic disorders from the Charlson Comorbidity Index were assessed. The date of first diagnosis of depression and somatic diseases was identified...
May 14, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755373/bidirectional-causal-connectivity-in-the-cortico-limbic-cerebellar-circuit-related-to-structural-alterations-in-first-episode-drug-naive-somatization-disorder
#3
Ranran Li, Feng Liu, Qinji Su, Zhikun Zhang, Jin Zhao, Ying Wang, Renrong Wu, Jingping Zhao, Wenbin Guo
Background: Anatomical and functional deficits in the cortico-limbic-cerebellar circuit are involved in the neurobiology of somatization disorder (SD). The present study was performed to examine causal connectivity of the cortico-limbic-cerebellar circuit related to structural deficits in first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD at rest. Methods: A total of 25 first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD and 28 healthy controls underwent structural and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Voxel-based morphometry and Granger causality analysis (GCA) were used to analyze the data...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745745/mental-health-and-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-systematic-review
#4
Zahra Bajalan, Farnoosh Moafi, Mohammad MoradiBaglooei, Zainab Alimoradi
Several factors including demographic, reproductive, lifestyle, psychological and social factors can affect incidence and severity of primary dysmenorrhea. This study aimed to systematically review the psychological risk factors associated with primary dysmenorrhea. Embase, ISI web of knowledge, ProQuest, Science Direct, Scopus and PubMed central were searched using keywords related to risk factors and primary dysmenorrhea. Observational studies, published in English after 2000, focusing solely on psychological factors affecting primary dysmenorrhea were included...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743017/difficult-medical-encounters-and-job-satisfaction-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-with-general-practitioners-in-germany
#5
Katja Goetz, Janis Mahnkopf, Anna Kornitzky, Jost Steinhäuser
BACKGROUND: In primary care 15% of patient encounters are perceived as challenging by general practitioners (GP). However it is unknown what impact these encounters have regarding job satisfaction. The aim of this study was to evaluate which encounters are perceived as challenging by German GPs and whether they were associated with job satisfaction. METHODS: A total of 1538 questionnaires were sent to GPs in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. GPs should rate 14 medical conditions and 8 traits of patients on the perceived challenge using a Likert scale (1: 'not challenging at all' to 10: 'extremely challenging')...
May 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720931/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-the-elderly-a-proposed-function-driven-model
#6
Stina Engelheart, Robert Brummer
Background: There is no accepted or standardized definition of 'malnutrition'. Hence, there is also no definition of what constitutes an adequate nutritional status. In elderly people, assessment of nutritional status is complex and is complicated by multi-morbidity and disabilities combined with nutrition-related problems, such as dysphagia, decreased appetite, fatigue, and muscle weakness. Objective: We propose a nutritional status model that presents nutritional status from a comprehensive functional perspective...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680970/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-child-mental-disorders-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-hiv-exposed-and-unexposed-african-children-aged-7-11-years
#7
Tamsen J Rochat, Brian Houle, Alan Stein, Rebecca M Pearson, Ruth M Bland
Despite being home to a large population of vulnerable children there is a dearth of population-based evidence on childhood mental disorders in sub-Saharan Africa. Parent and child mental health are rarely measured concurrently, despite potential for confounding with other risk factors, including parental HIV. Using the parent-report Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL) we assessed children's mental health in a population-based cohort of 1536 HIV-negative children (31% HIV-exposed, 18% HIV-affected, 51% HIV-unexposed) aged 7-11 years...
April 21, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656259/increased-coherence-based-regional-homogeneity-in-resting-state-patients-with-first-episode-drug-naive-somatization-disorder
#8
Yangpan Ou, Feng Liu, Jindong Chen, Pan Pan, Renrong Wu, Qinji Su, Zhikun Zhang, Jingping Zhao, Wenbin Guo
BACKGROUND: Abnormal neural activity has been observed in patients with somatization disorder (SD), especially in brain regions of the default-mode network (DMN). In this study, a coherence-based regional homogeneity (Cohe-ReHo) approach was used to detect abnormal regional synchronization in patients with SD, which might be used to differentiate the patients from the controls. METHODS: We recruited 25 patients with SD and 28 healthy controls. The imaging data of the participants were analyzed using the Cohe-ReHo approach...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643265/thirty-day-readmission-rates-and-associated-factors-a-multilevel-analysis-of-practice-variations-in-french-public-psychiatry
#9
Coralie Gandré, Jeanne Gervaix, Julien Thillard, Jean-Marc Macé, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Karine Chevreul
BACKGROUND: Inpatient psychiatric readmissions are often used as an indicator of the quality of care and their reduction is in line with international recommendations for mental health care. Research on variations in inpatient readmission rates among mental health care providers is therefore of key importance as these variations can impact equity, quality and efficiency of care when they do not result from differences in patients' needs. AIMS OF THE STUDY: Our objectives were first to describe variations in inpatient readmission rates between public mental health care providers in France on a nationwide scale, and second, to identify their association with patient, health care providers and environment characteristics...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595146/assessment-of-linear-and-nonlinear-complex-heartbeat-dynamics-in-subclinical-depression-dysphoria
#10
Alberto Greco, Simone Messerotti Benvenuti, Claudio Gentili, Daniela Palomba, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo, Gaetano Valenza
OBJECTIVE: Depression is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. Most previous studies have focused on major depression, and studies on subclinical depression, such as those on so-called dysphoria, have been overlooked. Indeed, dysphoria is associated with a high prevalence of somatic disorders, and a reduction of quality of life and life expectancy. In current clinical practice, dysphoria is assessed using psychometric questionnaires and structured interviews only, without taking into account objective pathophysiological indices...
March 29, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563829/psychiatric-traits-in-patients-with-vasovagal-and-unexplained-syncope
#11
Abdullah Alhuzaimi, Alwaleed Aljohar, Ahmad N Alhadi, Abdulqudous Aljenedil, Ahmad S Hersi
Purpose: Syncope is a common condition affecting almost one-third of the general population. The present study measures the prevalence of psychiatric traits in patients presenting with syncope (unexplained and vasovagal) and whether recurrent attacks have an impact on psychiatric profiles. Patients and methods: This is a case-control study in a tertiary hospital enrolling all patients aged ≥12 years with single or recurrent syncopal attacks. A self-reporting psychometric questionnaire (The Symptoms Checklist-90-Revised) was used to screen for depression, anxiety, somatization disorder, and phobia...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515990/self-harm-thoughts-postpartum-as-a-marker-for-long-term-morbidity
#12
Stavros I Iliadis, Alkistis Skalkidou, Hanna Ranstrand, Marios K Georgakis, Cathrine Axfors, Fotios C Papadopoulos
Introduction: Postpartum depression predisposes to maternal affective and somatic disorders. It is important to identify which women are at an increased risk of subsequent morbidity and would benefit from an intensified follow-up. Self-harm thoughts (SHTs), with or without other depressive symptomatology, might have prognostic value for maternal health beyond the postpartum period. Aim: This study is to investigate the somatic and psychiatric morbidity of postpartum women with SHTs, with or without other depressive symptoms, over a 7-year follow-up period...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512826/risk-factors-for-discontinuation-of-thyroid-hormone-replacement-therapy-in-early-pregnancy-a-study-from-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-and-the-medical-birth-registry-of-norway
#13
Anna S Frank, Angela Lupattelli, Hedvig Nordeng
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 3-5% of pregnant women have hypothyroidism. Despite the potential impact of untreated hypothyroidism on infant neurodevelopment, few studies have investigated the risk factors associated with discontinuation of thyroid hormone replacement therapy (THRT) in pregnancy. We aimed to identify such factors in a population of women using THRT prior to pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were linked to records in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway...
March 7, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410199/effect-of-distress-on-transient-network-dynamics-and-topological-equilibrium-in-phantom-sound-perception
#14
Anusha Mohan, Sandra Jovanovic Alexandra, Cliff V Johnson, Dirk De Ridder, Sven Vanneste
Distress is a domain-general behavioral symptom whose neural correlates have been under investigation for a long time now. Although some studies suggest that distress is encoded by changes in alpha activity and functional connectivity between specific brain regions, no study that we know has delved into the whole brain temporal dynamics of the distress component. In the current study, we compare the changes in the mean and variance of functional connectivity and small-worldness parameter over 3 min of resting state EEG to analyze the fluctuation in transient stable states, and network structure...
June 8, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336129/somatic-tinnitus
#15
REVIEW
Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Fabrizio Cialente, Arianna Di Stadio, Armando de Virgilio, Lucia Longo, Andrea Ciofalo, Rosaria Turchetta, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Marco de Vincentiis
Modulation of tinnitus characteristics such as pitch and loudness has been extensively described following movements of the head, neck and limbs, vertical or horizontal eye gaze, pressure on myofascial trigger points, cutaneous stimulation of the hands, electrical stimulation of the median nerve, and transcranial direct current stimulation. Modulation of tinnitus follows complex interactions between auditory and somatosensory afferents and can be favored by underlying somatic disorders. When tinnitus appears to be preceded or strictly linked to a somatic disorder, and therefore related to problems of the musculoskeletal system rather than of the ear, it is defined somatic tinnitus...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300373/urine-cell-free-dna-is-a-biomarker-for-nephroblastomatosis-or-wilms-tumor-in-pik3ca-related-overgrowth-spectrum-pros
#16
Marta Biderman Waberski, Marjorie Lindhurst, Kim M Keppler-Noreuil, Julie C Sapp, Laura Baker, Karen W Gripp, Denise M Adams, Leslie G Biesecker
PurposeWe set out to facilitate the molecular diagnosis of patients with PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS), a heterogeneous somatic disorder characterized by variable presentations of segmental overgrowth, vascular malformations, skin lesions, and nephroblastomatosis, rare precursor lesions to Wilms tumor. Molecular diagnosis of PROS is challenging due to its mosaic nature, often requiring invasive biopsies.MethodsDigital droplet polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) was used to analyze tissues including urine, saliva, buccal cells, and blood, from eight patients with PROS...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215315/internet-based-vs-face-to-face-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-psychiatric-and-somatic-disorders-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Pim Cuijpers, Heleen Riper, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf
During the last two decades, Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) has been tested in hundreds of randomized controlled trials, often with promising results. However, the control groups were often waitlisted, care-as-usual or attention control. Hence, little is known about the relative efficacy of ICBT as compared to face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). In the present systematic review and meta-analysis, which included 1418 participants, guided ICBT for psychiatric and somatic conditions were directly compared to face-to-face CBT within the same trial...
January 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195806/-evolution-of-suicide-attempts-in-a-tunisian-clinical-population-between-2005-and-2015-new-modalities-for-young-people-to-commit-suicide
#18
S Halayem, H Ounalli, M Boudali, M Hajri, Z Abbes, A Bouden
INTRODUCTION: Suicide and suicide attempts represent a worldwide health priority. The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of young suicide attempters among a clinical population and to assess their potential evolution over a period of11 years. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive retrospective study among a clinical population of suicide attempters referred to the child psychiatric department of the Razi hospital, the inpatient reference department in the north and center of Tunisia, between January 2005 and December 2015...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157333/a-cohort-mortality-study-among-soviet-and-russian-cosmonauts-1961-2014
#19
Igor B Ushakov, Yuri I Voronkov, Igor V Bukhtiyarov, Galina I Tikhonova, Tatyana Yu Gorchakova, Mariya S Bryleva
INTRODUCTION: Over 500 people from different countries have been to space since the first manned spaceflight in 1961. Factors of space and spaceflights might cause functional and somatic disorders, leading to increased mortality. Our research goal was to assess cause-specific risk of death among Soviet and Russian cosmonauts who had at least one spaceflight. METHODS: The epidemiological cohort study included 115 male cosmonauts. The observation period was 54 yr (January 1, 1961-December 31, 2014) and 2707 person-years of follow-up were obtained...
December 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107398/the-stress-reward-mentalizing-model-of-depression-an-integrative-developmental-cascade-approach-to-child-and-adolescent-depressive-disorder-based-on-the-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-approach
#20
REVIEW
Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy
The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) propose a much-needed change in approach to the study of vulnerability factors implicated in mental disorders, shifting away from a categorical, disease-oriented model to a dimensional approach that focuses on underlying systems implicated in psychopathology. In this paper we illustrate this approach with a focus on the emergence of depression in childhood and adolescence. Based on evolutionary biological and developmental psychopathology considerations, we present an integrative developmental cascade model of depression that essentially suggests that depression emerges out of a three-pronged series of interacting impairments in the domains of stress regulation, reward, and mentalizing...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
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