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"somatization disorder"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742808/self-help-guidebook-improved-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#1
Antonius Schneider, Stefanie Rosenberger, Johanna Bobardt, Jessica Bungartz-Catak, Oxana Atmann, Bernhard Haller, Anne Kennedy, Paul Enck
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of a comprehensive self-help guidebook on the disease related quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The secondary aim was to evaluate whether the guidebook is less effective in IBS patients with depression, somatization disorder or panic disorder as a psychiatric comorbidity. METHODS: Prospective observational study. At baseline (t1), patients filled in the ´Functional Digestive Disorders Quality of Life´ (FDDQL) questionnaire and received the IBS guidebook together with an explanation of its content and use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738098/somatization-disorder-and-somatoform-symptoms-in-systematically-studied-survivors-of-10-disasters
#2
Gus Zhang, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement about the association of somatization with exposure to disaster trauma in the existing literature. METHODS: Pre-disaster and post-disaster psychiatric disorders, somatization disorder, and individual somatoform (medically unexplained) symptoms were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews in 811 directly exposed survivors of 10 disasters. RESULTS: Only 1 individual met criteria for post-disaster somatization disorder; there were no incident cases...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#3
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686985/somatic-health-care-utilization-by-patients-treated-for-substance-use-disorders
#4
Gerdien H de Weert-van Oene, Fabian Termorshuizen, Victor J A Buwalda, Eibert R Heerdink
INTRODUCTION: Patients with substance use disorder (SUD) are frequently suffering from co-occurring somatic disorders, increasing the risk of mortality. Somatic health care utilization (sHCU) often remains unknown to the physician during SUD treatment. This paper analyses sHCU and associated costs among patients in SUD treatment compared to matched, non-substance dependent controls. METHODS: Health care utilization data on 4972 SUD patients were matched to 19,846 controls by gender, birth year and ethnic origin...
June 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674760/medical-comorbidities-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jet B Muskens, Fleur P Velders, Wouter G Staal
Somatic disorders occur more often in adult psychiatric patients than in the general adult population. However, in child and adolescent psychiatry this association is unclear, mainly due to a lack of integration of existing data. To address this issue, we here present a systematic review on medical comorbidity in the two major developmental disorders autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and formulate clinical recommendations. The literature was searched using the PubMed and PsycINFO databases (2000-1 May 2016) with the keywords "[((child and adolescent) AND (Autism OR Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder* OR ADHD)) AND ("Cardiovascular Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Endocrine System Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Immune System Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Neurobehavioral Manifestations" [Mesh] OR "Gastrointestinal Disorders" [Mesh] OR Somatic OR Autoimmune disease OR Nervous system disease OR Infection OR Infectious disease)]...
July 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648970/treating-functional-non-epileptic-attacks-should-we-consider-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#6
REVIEW
Sarah R Cope, Norman Poole, Niruj Agrawal
Patients who experience functional non-epileptic attacks (FNEA) are frequently seen in Neurology clinics. Diagnosis alone can result in cessation of attacks for some patients, but many patients require further treatment. There is evidence that certain psychological therapies, like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic interpersonal therapy (PIT) can be beneficial. Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a type of CBT that has been found to be effective at treating other somatic disorders, like epilepsy and chronic pain...
June 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644851/comorbidities-in-the-diseasome-are-more-apparent-than-real-what-bayesian-filtering-reveals-about-the-comorbidities-of-depression
#7
Peter Marx, Peter Antal, Bence Bolgar, Gyorgy Bagdy, Bill Deakin, Gabriella Juhasz
Comorbidity patterns have become a major source of information to explore shared mechanisms of pathogenesis between disorders. In hypothesis-free exploration of comorbid conditions, disease-disease networks are usually identified by pairwise methods. However, interpretation of the results is hindered by several confounders. In particular a very large number of pairwise associations can arise indirectly through other comorbidity associations and they increase exponentially with the increasing breadth of the investigated diseases...
June 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553764/somatosensory-tinnitus-current-evidence-and-future-perspectives
#8
Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Rosaria Turchetta, Giancarlo Altissimi, Marco de Vincentiis, Giancarlo Cianfrone
In some individuals, tinnitus can be modulated by specific maneuvers of the temporomandibular joint, head and neck, eyes, and limbs. Neuroplasticity seems to play a central role in this capacity for modulation, suggesting that abnormal interactions between the sensory modalities, sensorimotor systems, and neurocognitive and neuroemotional networks may contribute to the development of somatosensory tinnitus. Current evidence supports a link between somatic disorders and higher modulation of tinnitus, especially in patients with a normal hearing threshold...
June 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530345/-functional-somatic-syndromes-among-ethiopian-immigrants-in-israel
#9
Nimrod Grisaru, Danny Budowski, Seffefe Ayecheh, Eliezer Witztum
INTRODUCTION: The psychiatric classifications of disease (DSMIV; ICD-10) relate to a family of high incidence somatoform disorders whose use isn't uniform and cannot be measured. DSM-5 presents the term "cultural conceptualization of distress", which attempts to describe the cultural construct and its influences on mental distress and symptom presentation. Somatization among immigrants poses a diagnostic, treatment and research challenge due to cultural differences such as wrong understanding of their symptoms that may lead to misdiagnosis and to prescribing wrong and possibly harmful treatment and unnecessary hospitalization...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525196/-burnout-syndrome-among-generalist-medical-doctors-of-douala-region-cameroon-can-physical-activities-be-a-protective-factor
#10
S H Mandengue, L J Owona Manga, M Y Lobè-Tanga, P B Assomo-Ndemba, S Nsongan-Bahebege, C Bika-Lélé, F Ngo Sack, A K Njamnshi, S L Etoundi-Ngoa
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate and document the importance of Burnout syndrome among generalist medical doctors (GMD) since no investigation have been carried in Cameroon. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 85 GMD using a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, socioprofessional conditions, Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) to evaluate burnout, and Ricci-Gagnon physical activities level metrics...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490916/the-cannabis-withdrawal-syndrome-current-insights
#11
REVIEW
Udo Bonnet, Ulrich W Preuss
The cannabis withdrawal syndrome (CWS) is a criterion of cannabis use disorders (CUDs) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fifth Edition) and cannabis dependence (International Classification of Diseases [ICD]-10). Several lines of evidence from animal and human studies indicate that cessation from long-term and regular cannabis use precipitates a specific withdrawal syndrome with mainly mood and behavioral symptoms of light to moderate intensity, which can usually be treated in an outpatient setting...
2017: Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447135/-environmental-medical-syndromes
#12
REVIEW
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Claudia Hornberg
Environmental medical syndromes comprise sick building syndrome (SBS), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS)/idiopathic environmental intolerances (IEI), electromagnetic hypersensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), burnout, fibromyalgia, and the candida syndrome. There is also some overlap described in the literature. There is still no established knowledge of etiology, pathology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, therapy, prevention and prognosis. These syndromes are thought to result from a complex interaction of physical, chemical and/or (micro)biological environmental stresses, individual dispositions, psychological influencing factors, perceptual and processing processes, variants of somatization disorders, culturally or socially caused distress, or simply iatrogenic causation...
June 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#13
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429152/effectiveness-of-graded-return-to-work-after-multimodal-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-mental-disorders-a-propensity-score-analysis
#14
Marco Streibelt, Wolfgang Bürger, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Matthias Bethge
Purpose Graded return to work (GRTW) is a strategy aimed at bringing people gradually back to coping with a full workload after an extended period of sick leave. This study aims to determine the effect of GRTW in addition to a multimodal rehabilitation on longer-term work participation in people with chronic mental disorders (CMDs). Methods Patients filled out questionnaires at the start of a multimodal rehabilitation and 15 months later. Balanced groups (GRTW, no GRTW) were formed by propensity score matching based on 27 covariates...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411851/the-molecular-revolution-in-cutaneous-biology-era%C3%A2-of-next-generation-sequencing
#15
REVIEW
Ofer Sarig, Eli Sprecher
Like any true conceptual revolution, next-generation sequencing (NGS) has not only radically changed research and clinical practice, it has also modified scientific culture. With the possibility to investigate DNA contents of any organism and in any context, including in somatic disorders or in tissues carrying complex microbial populations, it initially seemed as if the genetic underpinning of any biological phenomenon could now be deciphered in an almost streamlined fashion. However, over the past recent years, we have once again come to understand that there is no such a thing as great opportunities without great challenges...
May 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411503/anatomical-distance-affects-cortical-subcortical-connectivity-in-first-episode-drug-naive-somatization-disorder
#16
Wenbin Guo, Feng Liu, Jindong Chen, Renrong Wu, Lehua Li, Zhikun Zhang, Huafu Chen, Jingping Zhao
BACKGROUND: Brain structural and functional alterations in the cortical-subcortical circuits have been observed in somatization disorder (SD). However, whether and how anatomical distance affects the cortical-subcortical connectivity in SD remain unclear. This study aims to examine whether anatomical distance affects the cortical-subcortical in first-episode, drug-naive SD. METHODS: Twenty-five first-episode, drug-naive patients with SD and twenty-eight healthy controls were recruited for a resting-state scan...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293324/mother-father-differences-in-postnatal-psychological-distress-and-its-determinants-in-iran
#17
Hassan Mahmoodi, Farzaneh Golboni, Haidar Nadrian, Moradali Zareipour, Shayesteh Shirzadi, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the mother-father differences in Postnatal Psychological Distress (PPD) and its determinants among the parents with 8-weeks old children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, applying simple random sampling, 306 postnatal parents with an 8-weeks old infant in Saqqez County, Iran, were invited to answer the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) items through the telephone interview. Fifty-eight subjects declined to participate in the study (Response Rate = 81...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270343/comprehensive-neuropsychological-evaluation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-anemia-a-hospital-based-sample
#18
Samantha Nunes, Nayara Argollo, Marivania Mota, Camilo Vieira, Eduardo Pondé de Sena
BACKGROUND: Individuals with sickle cell anemia may suffer symptomatic or silent cerebral infarcts leading to neurocognitive complications. This study investigated the cognitive and intellectual performance of children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia. METHODS: The socioeconomic status, clinical aspects and behavioral profile of 15 young individuals with sickle cell anemia were evaluated. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment Test, and the Child Behavior Checklist were applied...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257559/non-contraceptive-oestrogen-containing-preparations-for-controlling-symptoms-of-premenstrual-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Bushra Naheed, Jan Herman Kuiper, Olalekan A Uthman, Fidelma O'Mahony, Patrick Michael Shaughn O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a psychological and somatic disorder of unknown aetiology, with symptoms typically including irritability, depression, mood swings, bloating, breast tenderness and sleep disturbances. About 3% to 10% of women who experience these symptoms may also meet criteria for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). PMS symptoms recur during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and reduce by the end of menstruation. PMS results from ovulation and may be due to ovarian steroid interactions relating to neurotransmitter dysfunction...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254426/dna-damage-in-lymphocytes-of-patients-suffering-from-complex-traumatization
#20
Liana M Bergholz, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Daniel Heylmann, Manfred E Beutel, Jörg Wiltink, Bernd Kaina
It has been shown that complex childhood traumatization (CCT) increases the risk for severe somatic and mental disorders. However, the somatic pathways linking maladaptive affect regulation and disease are not understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that traumatic stress is linked to the induction of DNA damage. We isolated peripheral lymphocytes (PBLCs) from blood of healthy donors and patients suffering from CCT. Cells were immobilised on slides and stained with anti-phosphohistone 2AX (γH2AX). The number of γH2AX foci, which are an accepted surrogate marker of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), was determined and set in relation to the patient characteristics...
February 9, 2017: DNA Repair
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