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Myelofibrosis myeloproliferative CML

K Lewandowski, M Gniot, M Wojtaszewska, Z Kanduła, R Becht, E Paczkowska, E Mędraś, E Wasilewska, M Iwoła
INTRODUCTION: There are 7 designated conditions under the category of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), including chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and classical MPN, that is, polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythaemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Recently, reports about Philadelphia and JAK2 V617F-positive MPN cases have been described in literature. The coexistence of different molecular defects may change the clinical and laboratory manifestation of MPN and may result in an inappropriate interpretation of the response to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in CML patients...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Massimo Breccia, Francesca Palandri, Luigiana Luciano, Giulia Benevolo, Massimiliano Bonifacio, Giovanni Caocci, Fausto Castagnetti, Giuseppe A Palumbo, Alessandra Iurlo, Francesco Landi
The incidence of cancer, including myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), is projected to increase significantly due to the growing proportion of people aged > 65 years. These older individuals are a heterogeneous population in terms of fitness, comorbidity, and psychological reserve. Therefore, age per se does not always provide an accurate indication of condition in patients with cancer. Frailty has been proposed as an alternative measure of vulnerability that might better indicate which patients can tolerate standard cancer treatment and those who may benefit from treatment adjustment...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Hematology
I G Murphy, E L Mitchell, L Raso-Barnett, A L Godfrey, E M Godfrey
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are a heterogeneous group of haematological disorders including polycythaemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythaemia (ET), primary myelofibrosis (PMF), and chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). These disorders show large overlap in genetic and clinical presentations, and can have many different imaging manifestations. Unusual thromboses, embolic events throughout the systemic or pulmonary vasculature, or osseous findings can often be clues to the underlying disease. There is limited literature about the imaging features of these disorders, and this may result in under-diagnosis...
October 2017: Clinical Radiology
Aisha K Ahmed, Alicia Youssef, Nedaa Skeik
Chronic myeloproliferative disorders share a stem cell-derived clonal myeloproliferation. This group of disorders include essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), chronic myeloid leukemia, and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), with the respective features of thrombocytosis, erythrocytosis, and bone marrow fibrosis. These disorders can be associated with genetic mutations affecting protein tyrosine kinases, resulting in different configurations of abnormal signal transduction. The Janus tyrosine kinase 2 mutation can be used as a key diagnostic tool for diagnosing MPDs, specifically, ET, PV, and PMF...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Juli-Anne Gardner, Jason D Peterson, Scott A Turner, Barbara L Soares, Courtney R Lancor, Luciana L Dos Santos, Prabhjot Kaur, Deborah L Ornstein, Gregory J Tsongalis, Francine B de Abreu
OBJECTIVES: To describe three methods used to screen for frameshift mutations in exon 9 of the CALR gene. METHODS: Genomic DNA from 47 patients was extracted from peripheral blood and bone marrow using the EZ1 DNA Blood Kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA) and quantified by the Quant-iT PicoGreen dsDNA Assay Kit (Invitrogen, San Diego, CA). After clinical history, cytogenetics, and molecular tests, patients were diagnosed with either clonal or nonclonal hematologic diseases...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Laila Nomani, Juraj Bodo, Xiaoxian Zhao, Lisa Durkin, Sanam Loghavi, Eric D Hsi
OBJECTIVES: Mutations in CALR (calreticulin) have been discovered in 50% to 80% of JAK2 (Janus kinase 2) and MPL (myeloproliferative leukemia protein) wild-type patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPNs). We evaluate the performance of a monoclonal antibody for immunohistochemical detection of CALR mutations. METHODS: A computerized archival search was performed for cases of non-chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) MPNs with available CALR and JAK2 V617F mutational analysis data...
October 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Matthieu Mosca, Gaëlle Vertenoeil, Katte Rao Toppaldoddi, Isabelle Plo, William Vainchenker
BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF JAK/STAT SIGNALING IN BCR-ABL-NEGATIVE MYELOPROLIFERATIVE NEOPLASMS: Myeloproliferative disorders more recently named Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) display several clinical entities: chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), the classical MPN including polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and atypical and unclassifiable NMP. The term MPN is mostly used for classical BCR-ABL-negative (myeloproliferative disorder) (ET, PV, PMF). These are clonal diseases resulting from the transformation of an hematopoietic stem cell and leading to an abnormal production of myeloid cells...
June 2016: Bulletin du Cancer
Maria Gabriela Berzoti-Coelho, Aline Fernanda Ferreira, Natalia de Souza Nunes, Mariana Tomazini Pinto, Maurício Cristiano Rocha Júnior, Belinda Pinto Simões, Carlos Martínez-A, Elizabeth Xisto Souto, Rodrigo Alexandre Panepucci, Dimas Tadeu Covas, Simone Kashima, Fabíola Attié Castro
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML), Polycythemia Vera (PV), Essential Thrombocythemia (ET) and Primary Myelofibrosis (PMF) are Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) characterized by clonal myeloproliferation without cell maturation impairment. CML pathogenesis is associated with the Ph chromosome leading to BCR-ABL tyrosine-kinase constitutive expression. The Ph negative MPN (PV, ET and PMF) are characterized by the mutation JAK2(V617F) of the JAK2 protein in the auto-inhibitory JH2 domain, which is found in most PV patients and in approximately half of ET and PMF patients...
July 2016: Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases
Yan Chen, Fang Fang, Yang Hu, Qian Liu, Dingfang Bu, Mei Tan, Liusong Wu, Ping Zhu
OBJECTIVE: LNK is an adapter protein negatively regulating the JAK/STAT cell signaling pathway. In this study, we observed the correlation between variation in LNK gene and the clinical type of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). METHODS: A total of 285 MPN cases were recruited, including essential thrombocythemia (ET) 154 cases, polycythemia vera (PV) 76 cases, primary myelofibrosis (PMF) 19 cases, and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) 36 cases. Ninety-three healthy individuals were used as normal controls...
2016: PloS One
Gamal T Ebid, Mohamed Ghareeb, Omina Salaheldin, Mahmoud M Kamel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Detection of chromosomal abnormalities in myeloproliferative disorders is important for proper diagnosis of these disorders. This study has investigated the presence of JAK2 mutation (V617F) in Egyptian patients with myeloproliferative disorders referred to National Cancer institute, Cairo University. METHODS: The study involved 110 cases of Philadelphia negative Myeloproliferative diseases (MPDs), 70 cases with Polycythemia Vera (PV), 24 cases with Essential Thrombocytosis (ET) and 16 cases with Idiopathic Myelofibrosis (IMF) and 20 cases as a control group which represented as; (10 cases with secondary erythrocytosis, 1 case with reactive thrombocytosis, 4 cases as normal control and 5 as Philadelphia positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia cases), they were collected from National Cancer Institute (NCI) over 3 years...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Gregor Hoermann, Georg Greiner, Peter Valent
The term myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) refers to a heterogeneous group of diseases including not only polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), but also chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), and systemic mastocytosis (SM). Despite the clinical and biological differences between these diseases, common pathophysiological mechanisms have been identified in MPN. First, aberrant tyrosine kinase signaling due to somatic mutations in certain driver genes is common to these MPN...
2015: Mediators of Inflammation
Ayalew Tefferi
Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) are clonal stem cell diseases, first conceptualized in 1951 by William Dameshek, and historically included chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). In 1960, Nowell and Hungerford discovered an invariable association between the Philadelphia chromosome (subsequently shown to harbor the causal BCR-ABL1 mutation) and CML; accordingly, the term MPN is primarily reserved for PV, ET, and PMF, although it includes other related clinicopathologic entities, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system...
January 2016: American Journal of Hematology
Inna Kogan, Dafna Chap, Ron Hoffman, Elena Axelman, Benjamin Brenner, Yona Nadir
Patients with polycythaemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythaemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) are at increased risk of arterial and venous thrombosis. In patients with ET a positive correlation was observed between JAK-2 V617F mutation, that facilitates erythropoietin receptor signalling, and thrombotic events, although the mechanism involved is not clear. We previously demonstrated that heparanase protein forms a complex and enhances the activity of the blood coagulation initiator tissue factor (TF) which leads to increased factor Xa production and subsequent activation of the coagulation system...
January 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Tunde Krahling, Katalin Balassa, Katalin Piroska Kiss, Andras Bors, Arpad Batai, Gabriella Halm, Miklos Egyed, Sandor Fekete, Peter Remenyi, Tamas Masszi, Attila Tordai, Hajnalka Andrikovics
BACKGROUND: The germline telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) rs2736100_C variant was identified as a susceptibility factor for a variety of solid tumors and recently for myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). METHODS: LightCycler melting curve analysis was applied to detect risk alleles of TERT rs2736100_C and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) rs12343867_C tagging 46/1 haplotype in 584 BCR-ABL1-negative MPN, 308 acute, and 86 chronic myeloid leukemia (AML and CML) patients and 400 healthy individuals...
January 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Magdalena Czader, Attilio Orazi
OBJECTIVES: This session of the Society for Hematopathology/European Association for Haematopathology workshop focused on disease progression in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). METHODS: The session included typical and unusual presentations of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), BCR-ABL1 positive; Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-neg) MPNs; and mastocytosis. RESULTS: Cases of CML illustrated various manifestations of progression, with emphasis on criteria defining stages of the disease...
August 2015: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
E M Azzato, A Bagg
The classical myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) consist of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and the non-CML MPNs, polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), and primary myelofibrosis (PMF). Molecular testing plays a crucial role in each of these disease entities. In this review, we discuss the role and caveats of BCR-ABL1 fusion transcript evaluation in CML diagnosis and monitoring, as well as ABL1 kinase mutation testing in the setting of tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance. We also focus on JAK2, MPL, and CALR mutations in PV, ET, and PMF...
May 2015: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Qiu-Mei Yao, Jiao Zhou, Robert Peter Gale, Jin-Lan Li, Ling-Di Li, Ning Li, Shan-Shan Chen, Guo-Rui Ruan
BACKGROUND: Calreticulin (CALR) mutations were recently identified in a substantial proportion of persons with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) without JAK2(V617F). Consequently rapid, sensitive, and specific methods to detect and quantify these mutations are needed. METHODS: We studied samples from 1088 persons with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) including 421 JAK2(V617F) negative subjects with ET, PMF, polycythemia vera (PV), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and hyper-eosinophilic syndrome (HES)...
October 2015: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Abdulaziz Hassan, Livingstone Gayus Dogara, Ahmadu Aliyu Babadoko, Sani Awwalu, Aisha Indo Mamman
The World Health Organisation (WHO) classifies myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) into BCR-ABL positive chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML Ph(+)) and Ph(-) MPN. The JAK2 V617F mutation is specific for Ph(-) MPN and occurs in approximately 50% of primary myelofibrosis. Earlier reports suggest that the occurrence of JAK2 and BCR-ABL mutations are mutually exclusive. However, recent reports have documented the coexistence of BCR-ABL and JAK2 mutation in the same patient mostly following treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)...
January 2015: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Emir C Roach, Margaret M Park, W H Wilson Tang, James D Thomas, Kewal Asosingh, Matt Kalaycio, Serpil C Erzurum, Samar Farha
BACKGROUND: Increased bone marrow hemangioblast numbers, alterations in erythroid/myeloid lineages, increased reticulin, and greater circulating bone marrow progenitor cells are present in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The data suggest that myeloid progenitors contribute to the pathogenesis of PAH, but there are little data on the prevalence of pulmonary vascular disease among the different forms of myeloid diseases. We hypothesized that there would be a higher prevalence of pulmonary vascular disease in myeloproliferative neoplasms that have high circulating progenitor cells, such as myelofibrosis and chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), compared with those with low circulating progenitors, such as in aplastic anemia...
March 2015: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
A L Melikian, T I Kolosheĭnova, S R Goriacheva, I N Subortseva, M V Vakhrusheva, E N Kolosova, A B Sudarikov, A O Abdullaev, V N Dvirnyk, E Iu Varlamova, A M Kovrigina, A G Turkina
AIM: To determine the clinical features of multiple primary tumors (MPT) in patients with hemoblastoses, to develop treatment policy for synchronous and metachronous tumors, and to determine the impact of chemotherapy for one disease on the course and prognosis of another one. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation included 20 patients with multiple primary synchronous and metachronous myeloid and lymphoid tumors, who had been followed up at the Outpatient Department of the Hematology Research Center, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation...
2014: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
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