keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Implicit memory

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933901/motivation-to-avoid-loss-improves-implicit-skill-performance
#1
Danbee Chon, Kelsey R Thompson, Paul J Reber
Implicit learning reflects learning from experience that occurs without intention or awareness of the information acquired and is hypothesized to contribute to skill acquisition by improving performance with practice. The role of motivation has not been examined because this kind of memory is represented outside awareness. We manipulated motivation (approach/avoidance) and type of feedback (positive/negative) to measure how these affected a well-studied task of implicit sequence learning. Across 2 experiments, we found a consistent effect that motivation to avoid loss led to much higher levels of sequence-specific task performance...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903717/subjective-importance-as-a-cue-for-self-reference
#2
Ileana C Culcea, Antonio L Freitas
We investigated whether people's judgments of self-reference could be influenced by cues of importance. Our investigation builds on evidence that information related to the self is processed in specialized ways and that implicit attributions affect how stimuli are interpreted. We hypothesized that the more important a trait descriptor was, the more likely participants would be to misremember it as having been presented in a self-referential manner. This hypothesis was tested using a source-memory task; subjective ratings of importance served as predictors of accuracy...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901038/the-developmental-trajectory-of-children-s-auditory-and-visual-statistical-learning-abilities-modality-based-differences-in-the-effect-of-age
#3
Limor Raviv, Inbal Arnon
Infants, children and adults are capable of extracting recurring patterns from their environment through statistical learning (SL), an implicit learning mechanism that is considered to have an important role in language acquisition. Research over the past 20 years has shown that SL is present from very early infancy and found in a variety of tasks and across modalities (e.g., auditory, visual), raising questions on the domain generality of SL. However, while SL is well established for infants and adults, only little is known about its developmental trajectory during childhood, leaving two important questions unanswered: (1) Is SL an early-maturing capacity that is fully developed in infancy, or does it improve with age like other cognitive capacities (e...
September 12, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892738/independent-operation-of-implicit-working-memory-under-cognitive-load
#4
Eunhee Ji, Kyung Min Lee, Min-Shik Kim
Implicit working memory (WM) has been known to operate non-consciously and unintentionally. The current study investigated whether implicit WM is a discrete mechanism from explicit WM in terms of cognitive resource. To induce cognitive resource competition, we used a conjunction search task (Experiment 1) and imposed spatial WM load (Experiment 2a and 2b). Each trial was composed of a set of five consecutive search displays. The location of the first four displays appeared as per pre-determined patterns, but the fifth display could follow the same pattern or not...
September 7, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892513/placebo-can-enhance-creativity
#5
Liron Rozenkrantz, Avraham E Mayo, Tomer Ilan, Yuval Hart, Lior Noy, Uri Alon
BACKGROUND: The placebo effect is usually studied in clinical settings for decreasing negative symptoms such as pain, depression and anxiety. There is interest in exploring the placebo effect also outside the clinic, for enhancing positive aspects of performance or cognition. Several studies indicate that placebo can enhance cognitive abilities including memory, implicit learning and general knowledge. Here, we ask whether placebo can enhance creativity, an important aspect of human cognition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889063/controlled-and-implicit-processes-in-evaluative-conditioning-on-implicit-and-explicit-attitudes-toward-alcohol-and-intentions-to-drink
#6
Oulmann Zerhouni, Laurent Bègue, Francisco Comiran, Reinout W Wiers
Since implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluations occurring outside of complete awareness) are highly predictive of alcohol consumption, we tested an evaluative learning procedure based on repeated pairing to a critical stimulus (i.e. alcohol, the CS) with a valenced stimulus (the US) in order to modify implicit attitudes (i.e. evaluative conditioning; EC). We hypothesized that manipulating the learning context to bolster implicit affect misattribution should strengthen EC effects on implicit attitudes toward alcohol, while encouraging deliberate processing of CS-US pairs, should strengthen EC effects on explicit attitudes...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878708/inferential-costs-of-trait-centrality-in-impression-formation-organization-in-memory-and-misremembering
#7
Ludmila D Nunes, Leonel Garcia-Marques, Mário B Ferreira, Tânia Ramos
An extension of the DRM paradigm was used to study the impact of central traits (Asch, 1946) in impression formation. Traits corresponding to the four clusters of the implicit theory of personality-intellectual, positive and negative; and social, positive and negative (Rosenberg et al., 1968)-were used to develop lists containing several traits of one cluster and one central trait prototypical of the opposite cluster. Participants engaging in impression formation relative to participants engaging in memorization not only produced higher levels of false memories corresponding to the same cluster of the list traits but, under response time pressure at retrieval, also produced more false memories of the cluster corresponding to the central trait...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870702/automatic-frequency-shift-detection-in-the-auditory-system-a-review-of-psychophysical-findings
#8
Laurent Demany, Catherine Semal
The human brain has the task of binding successive sounds produced by the same acoustic source into a coherent perceptual stream, and binding must be selective when several sources are concurrently active. Binding appears to obey a principle of spectral proximity: pure tones close in frequency are more likely to be bound than pure tones with remote frequencies. It has been hypothesized that the binding process is realized by automatic "frequency-shift detectors" (FSDs), comparable to the detectors of spatial motion in the visual system...
September 1, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866503/the-topology-toolkit
#9
Julien Tierny, Guillaume Favelier, Joshua A Levine, Charles Gueunet, Michael Michaux
This system paper presents the Topology ToolKit (TTK), a software platform designed for the topological analysis of scalar data in scientific visualization. While topological data analysis has gained in popularity over the last two decades, it has not yet been widely adopted as a standard data analysis tool for end users or developers. TTK aims at addressing this problem by providing a unified, generic, efficient, and robust implementation of key algorithms for the topological analysis of scalar data, including: critical points, integral lines, persistence diagrams, persistence curves, merge trees, contour trees, Morse-Smale complexes, fiber surfaces, continuous scatterplots, Jacobi sets, Reeb spaces, and more...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843609/event-related-potential-n270-as-an-index-of-social-information-conflict-in-explicit-processing
#10
Pei Wang, Chen-Hao Tan, Yu Li, Qin Zhang, Yi-Bo Wang, Jun-Long Luo
As N270 has been widely shown to be sensitive to nonsocial information conflict, the present study investigated whether social information conflict can elicit increased N270 in either explicit or implicit processing conditions. Gender stereotype-related picture-word pairs and picture-word pairs in specific colors were used as social and nonsocial information, respectively. Participants performed an explicit task based on the S1-S2 paradigm in Study 1, and both social and nonsocial information conditions elicited larger N270 than the no-conflict condition...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826604/the-neuroscience-of-body-memory-from-the-self-through-the-space-to-the-others
#11
REVIEW
Giuseppe Riva
Our experience of the body is not direct; rather, it is mediated by perceptual information, influenced by internal information, and recalibrated through stored implicit and explicit body representation (body memory). This paper presents an overview of the current investigations related to body memory by bringing together recent studies from neuropsychology, neuroscience, and evolutionary and cognitive psychology. To do so, in the paper, I explore the origin of representations of human body to elucidate their developmental process and, in particular, their relationship with more explicit concepts of self...
July 25, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795835/explicit-goal-driven-attention-unlike-implicitly-learned-attention-spreads-to-secondary-tasks
#12
Douglas A Addleman, Jinyi Tao, Roger W Remington, Yuhong V Jiang
To what degree does spatial attention for one task spread to all stimuli in the attended region, regardless of task relevance? Most models imply that spatial attention acts through a unitary priority map in a task-general manner. We show that implicit learning, unlike endogenous spatial cuing, can bias spatial attention within one task without biasing attention to a spatially overlapping secondary task. Participants completed a visual search task superimposed on a background containing scenes, which they were told to encode for a later memory task...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761810/cerebellar-degeneration-affects-cortico-cortical-connectivity-in-motor-learning-networks
#13
Elinor Tzvi, Christoph Zimmermann, Richard Bey, Thomas F Münte, Matthias Nitschke, Ulrike M Krämer
The cerebellum plays an important role in motor learning as part of a cortico-striato-cerebellar network. Patients with cerebellar degeneration typically show impairments in different aspects of motor learning, including implicit motor sequence learning. How cerebellar dysfunction affects interactions in this cortico-striato-cerebellar network is poorly understood. The present study investigated the effect of cerebellar degeneration on activity in causal interactions between cortical and subcortical regions involved in motor learning...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760730/designing-serious-computer-games-for-people-with-moderate-and-advanced-dementia-interdisciplinary-theory-driven-pilot-study
#14
Chariklia Tziraki, Rakel Berenbaum, Daniel Gross, Judith Abikhzer, Boaz M Ben-David
BACKGROUND: The field of serious games for people with dementia (PwD) is mostly driven by game-design principals typically applied to games created by and for younger individuals. Little has been done developing serious games to help PwD maintain cognition and to support functionality. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to create a theory-based serious game for PwD, with input from a multi-disciplinary team familiar with aging, dementia, and gaming theory, as well as direct input from end users (the iterative process)...
July 31, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756199/consciousness-and-working-memory-current-trends-and-research-perspectives
#15
REVIEW
Boris B Velichkovsky
Working memory has long been thought to be closely related to consciousness. However, recent empirical studies show that unconscious content may be maintained within working memory and that complex cognitive computations may be performed on-line. This promotes research on the exact relationships between consciousness and working memory. Current evidence for working memory being a conscious as well as an unconscious process is reviewed. Consciousness is shown to be considered a subset of working memory by major current theories of working memory...
July 27, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751659/ferenczi-s-revolutionary-therapeutic-approach
#16
Clara Mucci
Many of the revolutionary principles introduced by Ferenczi in his clinical practice have now been widely accepted especially in the field of trauma and trauma therapy. Examples of these innovative views include his emphasis on empathy as opposed to technical neutrality and his stress on the real conditions of child caring and family environmental deficits and on the consequences of interpersonal violence and abuse that lead to "identification with the aggressor" by the victim thereby resulting in the internalization of both aggressiveness and guilt (the split guilt of the abuser)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745947/identity-narrative-density-preliminary-findings-from-scoring-emotional-valence-of-autobiographical-events
#17
A Novac, R G Bota, B Blinder
Autobiographical Memory is a form of declarative episodic memory known to have a significant role in identity, self-regulation, and socialization. Conceivably, it may also influence outcome of psychopathology. This is a preliminary report in which the authors are proposing the notion of Identity Narrative (IdN), a set of implicit memories acquired throughout life and consolidated according to a gradient of emotional valence. IdN may constitute an implicit scaffolding for autobiographical memory. Identity Narrative Density (IND) is a score of emotional valence referring to life events that contribute to the construction of an IdN...
July 26, 2017: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737111/habit-in-personality-and-social-psychology
#19
Wendy Wood
Habits are largely absent from modern social and personality psychology. This is due to outdated perspectives that placed habits in conflict with goals. In modern theorizing, habits are represented in memory as implicit context-response associations, and they guide responding in conjunction with goals. Habits thus have important implications for our field. Emerging research shows that habits are an important mechanism by which people self-regulate and achieve long-term goals. Also, habits change through specific interventions, such as changes in context cues...
July 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734549/habitual-versus-goal-driven-attention
#20
REVIEW
Yuhong V Jiang
Recent research has expanded the list of factors that control spatial attention. Beside current goals and perceptual salience, statistical learning, reward, motivation and emotion also affect attention. But do these various factors influence spatial attention in the same manner, as suggested by the integrated framework of attention, or do they target different aspects of spatial attention? Here I present evidence that the control of attention may be implemented in two ways. Whereas current goals typically modulate where in space attention is prioritized, search habits affect how one moves attention in space...
July 4, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
keyword
keyword
50149
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"