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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783923/the-doctor-negligence-and-causation-a-lawyer-s-exposition-to-doctors-scientists-and-lawyers
#1
Alec Samuels
The brief history of causation in medicine and science. The law. Setting the scene. Negligence but no causation. Duty to warn. PROGNOSIS: Loss of opportunity. Consecutive negligence. Indivisible injury. Unknown culprits. Obstetrics. The European Court of Justice. The future.
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#2
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697399/-legal-regulation-of-transplantology-at-the-present-stage-ukrainian-issue-and-experience-of-foreign-states
#3
O Sovgyria
The objective of the research is to analyze the legal regulation in the transplantology field at the present stage in Ukraine. To address identified challenges, the author investigates the foreign countries experience and suggests ways of improving certain mechanism for legal regulation in the field of organ transplantation and anatomical materials. The empiric material of the study included a wide range of legal instruments regulating this sphere of legal relationships, information regarding the problems of their application, statistics, expert analysis of Ukrainian and foreign researchers...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668523/academic-medical-centers-as-innovation-ecosystems-evolution-of-industry-partnership-models-beyond-the-bayh-dole-act
#4
Patrick J Silva, Kenneth S Ramos
Innovation ecosystems tied to academic medical centers (AMCs) are inextricably linked to policy, practices, and infrastructure resulting from the passage of the Bayh-Dole Act in 1980. Bayh-Dole smoothed the way to patenting and licensing new drugs, and to some degree, medical devices and diagnostic reagents. Property rights under Bayh-Dole provided a significant incentive for industry investments in clinical trials, clinical validation, and industrial scale-up of products that advanced health care. Bayh-Dole amplified private investment in biotechnology drug development, and from the authors' perspective did not significantly interfere with the ability of AMCs to produce excellent peer-reviewed science...
April 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653319/analysis-of-fatal-accidents-with-tractors-in-the-centre-of-portugal-ten-years-analysis
#5
Soraia M Antunes, Cristina Cordeiro, Helena M Teixeira
Tractors have been described as one of the deadliest farming implements concerning agricultural activity. In Portugal, the scientific investigations about this problem are practically non-existent, with only statistical studies performed by entities related to road traffic safety, not in accordance to the study now performed, pinpointing the possibility of an underreporting of these accidents. This work aims to characterize the fatal tractor accidents in Portugal, autopsied at the Forensic Pathology Department of the Centre Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Portugal, analysing several variables: gender, age, occupation, survival time, the victim position in the tractor, cause of death, toxicological and histological exams, year/month/day of the week, type of agricultural machine, existence of rollover protective structures (ROPS), type of accident, ground conditions, circumstantial information and geographic distribution of the accidents...
April 6, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537069/japanese-american-confinement-and-scientific-democracy-colonialism-social-engineering-and-government-administration
#6
Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Leandro Daniel Benmergui
During World War II, the U.S. Indian Service conducted social science experiments regarding governance among Japanese Americans imprisoned at the Poston, Arizona, camp. Researchers used an array of techniques culled from anthropological culture and personality studies, psychiatry, psychology, medicine, and public opinion research to probe how the personality traits of the confined Japanese-Americans and camp leaders affected the social interactions within each group and between them. The research drew on prior studies of Indian personality in the US Southwest, Mexico's Native policies, and indirect colonial rule...
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427705/dismantling-the-justice-silos-flowcharting-the-role-and-expertise-of-forensic-science-forensic-medicine-and-allied-health-in-adult-sexual-assault-investigations
#7
Sally F Kelty, Roberta Julian, Eva Bruenisholz, Linzi Wilson-Wilde
Forensic science is increasingly used to help exonerate the innocent and establishing links between individuals and criminal activities. With increased reliance on scientific services provided by multi-disciplinary (police, medicine, law, forensic science), and multi-organisational in the private and government sectors (health, justice, legal, police) practitioners, the potential for miscommunication resulting unjust outcomes increases. The importance of identifying effective multi-organisational information sharing is to prevent the 'justice silo effect'; where practitioners from different organisations operate in isolation with minimal or no interaction...
April 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364425/-evaluation-of-electronic-health-programs-in-peru-multidisciplinary-approach-and-current-perspectives
#8
Milagro Henríquez-Suarez, Charito E Becerra-Vera, Elena L Laos-Fernández, Elizabeth Espinoza-Portilla
Electronic health (eHealth) requires a multidisciplinary approach and involves different areas of knowledge, including medicine, computer science, engineering, sociology, anthropology, social work, administration, law, and communication sciences. The assessment of eHealth should consider that information and communication technologies (ICTs) are only part of the information system of an organization. Understanding the human factors involved in health systems, the environment, and the contexts in which ICTs are used in health is essential...
October 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349590/law-as-clinical-evidence-a-new-constitutivemodel-of-medical-education-and-decision-making
#9
Malcolm Parker, Lindy Willmott, Ben White, Gail Williams, Colleen Cartwright
Over several decades, ethics and law have been applied to medical education and practice in a way that reflects the continuation during the twentieth century of the strong distinction between facts and values. We explain the development of applied ethics and applied medical law and report selected results that reflect this applied model from an empirical project examining doctors' decisions on withdrawing/withholding treatment from patients who lack decision-making capacity. The model is critiqued, and an alternative "constitutive" model is supported on the basis that medicine, medical law, and medical ethics exemplify the inevitable entanglement of facts and values...
March 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218359/-significance-of-the-doctorate-in-scientific-medical-education
#10
Matthias Frosch
According to European and German law, the medical education of physicians must take place in a scientific degree program at a university or under the supervision of a university. To keep up the ideal of a scientific degree program, various organizations and associations, such as the German Research Foundation, the German Council of Science and Humanities and the German Medical Faculty Association, see the need for an even stronger anchoring of academic learning content in the course of study. Traditionally, a scientific project, which is carried out during the studies, provides the basis for the Doctor of Medicine (Dr...
February 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216523/use-of-synthetic-stimulants-and-hallucinogens-in-a-cohort-of-electronic-dance-music-festival-attendees
#11
Amanda L A Mohr, Melissa Friscia, Jillian K Yeakel, Barry K Logan
Novel psychoactive substances (NPS), often characterized as unregulated psychoactive compounds designed to circumvent existing legislation, have become mainstream on the illicit drug market. Because of their physical and mind-altering properties, NPS may be deliberately or inadvertently ingested at electronic dance music (EDM) festivals to enhance the attendees' appreciation of the music and overall experience. Their widespread use at EDM festivals have been well documented and several adverse events and fatalities associated with NPS ingestion have been reported in the United States...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203749/didactic-aspects-of-cognition-of-human-as-a-bio-psycho-socio-cultural-personality
#12
REVIEW
Borys I Palamar, Halyna O Vaskivska, Svitlana P Palamar
Modern education, according to leading Ukrainian scientists, requires the development of a new paradigm, which will consider the phenomenon of man holistically. The article describes didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality, as social fact, as a phenomenon. For the actualization of the didactic aspects of the problem, the authors used the methods of scientific literature analysis, systemic analysis and generalizations, analysis own practice of didactic and methodological character...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118835/classic-cases-revisited-oxygen-in-court-and-the-problem-of-therapeutic-illusion
#13
Piotr Szawarski
Medical science attempts to inform clinical practice. Law is concerned with causality. Intersection of law and medicine at times highlights the shortcomings in the medical approach to causality. Evidence-based medicine is only as good as the process of gathering evidence and this is inherently imperfect as suggested by philosophers. There is a risk of attributing a causal relationship when there is none, which can result in a false belief about an intervention. False beliefs can become entrenched forming a dogma...
August 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071571/perceptions-of-ethical-climate-and-research-pressures-in-different-faculties-of-a-university-cross-sectional-study-at-the-university-of-split-croatia
#14
Mario Malički, Vedran Katavić, Domagoj Marković, Matko Marušić, Ana Marušić
We determined the prevailing ethical climate at three different schools of a single university, in order to explore possible differences in the ethical climate related to different research fields: the School of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Naval Architecture; the School of Humanities and Social Sciences; and the School of Medicine. We used the Ethical Climate Questionnaire to survey the staff (teachers and administration) at the three schools, and used the research integrity and organizational climate (RIOC) survey for early-stage researchers at the three schools...
October 25, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040639/the-medical-science-dmz-a-network-design-pattern-for-data-intensive-medical-science
#15
Sean Peisert, Eli Dart, William Barnett, Edward Balas, James Cuff, Robert L Grossman, Ari Berman, Anurag Shankar, Brian Tierney
Objective: We describe a detailed solution for maintaining high-capacity, data-intensive network flows (eg, 10, 40, 100 Gbps+) in a scientific, medical context while still adhering to security and privacy laws and regulations. Materials and Methods: High-end networking, packet-filter firewalls, network intrusion-detection systems. Results: We describe a "Medical Science DMZ" concept as an option for secure, high-volume transport of large, sensitive datasets between research institutions over national research networks, and give 3 detailed descriptions of implemented Medical Science DMZs...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976822/accelerating-regenerative-medicine-the-japanese-experiment-in-ethics-and-regulation
#16
Tamra Lysaght
In 2014, the Japanese National Diet introduced new laws aimed at promoting the clinical translation of stem cells and regenerative medicine. The basic action of these laws is to allow the early introduction of regenerative medicine products into the Japanese market through an accelerated approval process, while providing patients with access to certain types of stem cell and cell-based therapies in the context of private clinical practice. While this framework appears to offer enormous opportunities for the translation of stem cell science, it raises ethical challenges that have not yet been fully explored...
September 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895229/crisis-and-change-the-making-of-a-french-fda
#17
Constance A Nathanson, Henri Bergeron
Policy Points: Introducing a recent special issue of The Lancet on the health system in France, Horton and Ceschia observe that "the dominance of English as the language of science and, increasingly, global health too often closes the door on the history and experiences of others."1 In that spirit, this manuscript presents a detailed case study of public health policy transformation in France in the early 1990s. It casts light on processes of policy change in a political and cultural environment very different from that of the United States, showing how the public health policy process is shaped by multiple contingencies of history, ideology, and politics...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886887/making-medicine-producing-pleasure-a-critical-examination-of-medicinal-cannabis-policy-and-law-in-victoria-australia
#18
Kari Lancaster, Kate Seear, Alison Ritter
Several jurisdictions around the world have introduced policies and laws allowing for the legal use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes. However, there has been little critical discussion of how the object of 'medicinal cannabis' is enacted in policy and practice. Informed by Carol Bacchi's poststructuralist approach to policy analysis and the work of science and technology studies scholars, this paper seeks to problematise the object of 'medicinal cannabis' and examine how it is constituted through governing practices...
September 5, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867156/-sexual-risk-behaviours-and-pap-testing-in-university-women-vaccinated-against-human-papillomavirus
#19
Ana Fernández-Feito, Raquel Antón-Fernández, María Paz-Zulueta
AIM: To estimate the association between the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and sexual risk behaviour, as well as the participation in the Cervical Cancer Screening Program (CCSP). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LOCATION: School of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Law, and School of Economics and Business (University of Oviedo). PARTICIPANTS: Female university students. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Information was collected about contraceptive methods, sexual behaviours, HPV knowledge, and participation in the CCSP...
August 31, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846915/humanitarian-forensic-action-its-origins-and-future
#20
Stephen Cordner, Morris Tidball-Binz
Humanitarian forensic action is the application of the knowledge and skills of forensic medicine and science to humanitarian action, especially following conflicts or disasters. It has its early roots in the experience of the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team and that of the Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina, is moulded by International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and was developed by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Having demonstrated its worth, this new field of application of forensic medicine and science needs further development, integration and research...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
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