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Da Wei Zhang, Jing Wei Li, Jia Xian Luo, Pei Man Xu, Li Cheng Wei, Dan Zhou, Wei Ming Xu, Dingsheng Yuan
It is essential to synthesize low-cost, earth-abundant bifunctional electrocatalysts
 for both hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) for
 water electrolysis. Herein, we present a one-step sulfurization method to fabricate
 Ni3S2 nanowires directly grown on Ni foam (Ni3S2 NWs/Ni) as such an electrocatalyst.
 This synthetic strategy has several advantages including facile preparation, low cost
 and even can be expanded to large-scale preparation in the practical application...
March 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Anne-Laure Fameau, Fabrice Cousin, Romain Derrien, Arnaud Saint-Jalmes
Thermoresponsive foams that refer to foams for which the stability can be switched between the stable and unstable state have recently attracted growing interest due to their possible industrial applications. Our approach to design such foams is based on the use of fatty acids, with various counterions and molar ratios. It is the first example of foams with a temperature threshold of destabilization which can be continuously set between 20 °C and 75 °C.
March 15, 2018: Soft Matter
Benjamin S Killen, Krista L Zelizney, Xin Ye
CONTEXT: Static stretching (SS) and self-administered foam rolling (SAFR) are both effective techniques often used in rehabilitation settings to improve one's range-of-motion (ROM). However, their effects on non-intervened contralateral limb's performance remain equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of unilateral hamstrings SS and SAFR on the contralateral hip flexion passive ROM and the strength performance. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Yasmine Mosleh, Martin Cajka, Bart Depreitere, Jos Vander Sloten, Jan Ivens
Oblique impact is the most common accident situation that occupants in traffic accidents or athletes in professional sports experience. During oblique impact, the human head is subjected to a combination of linear and rotational accelerations. Rotational movement is known to be responsible for traumatic brain injuries. In this article, composite foam with a column/matrix composite configuration is proposed for head protection applications to replace single-layer uniform foam, to better attenuate rotational movement of the head during oblique impacts...
March 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Per Jonsson, Lorentz Lindmark, Jan Axelsson, Lars Karlsson, Lennart Lundberg, Bernd Stegmayr
We were encouraged to investigate the reasons for large amounts of foam observed in bloodlines during hemodialysis (HD). Foam was visible in the venous air trap within the Artis Gambro dialysis device. Estimates of the extent of foam were graded (0-no foam, 10-extensive foam) by two persons that were blind to the type of dialyzer used. Thirty-seven patients were involved in the dialysis procedures. Consecutive dialyses were graded using dialyzers from Fresenius Medical Care (CorDiax dialyzers that were used for high flux HD-FX80 and FX100, and for hemodiafiltration-FX1000)...
March 15, 2018: Artificial Organs
Wen-Kui Li, Piao Lin, Sheng Dai, Xiao-Qi Sun, Ying-Lin Shen
A ship in bottle nanocomposite was fabricated as a novel adsorbent for lanthanides by immobilizing a lanthanide-sensitive polymer into mesocellular siliceous foam (MCF). The MCF was used as a novel carrier for immobilization of the polymer, and the polymer was synthesized via in situ ring-opening polymerization of 2-methyl-2-oxazoline (MOL) and divinylbenzene (DVB) in the presence of MCFs. The substantially physically modified MCF-based composite exhibited superior adsorptivity and selectivity to lanthanides due to its exceptional properties, which was employed for lanthanide adsorption from aqueous solution by a facile solid-liquid separation procedure...
March 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Xu Zou, Qing Sun, Yuxin Zhang, Guo-Dong Li, Yipu Liu, Yuanyuan Wu, Lan Yang, Xiaoxin Zou
Amorphous Ni-Mn bimetallic hydroxide film on the three-dimensional nickle foam (NF)-supported conductive Ni3 S2 nanosheets (denoted as Ni-Mn-OH@Ni3 S2 /NF) is successfully synthesized by an ultrafast process (5 s). The fascinating structural characteristic endows Ni-Mn-OH@Ni3 S2 /NF electrodes better electrochemical performance. The specific capacitance of 2233.3 F g-1 at a current density of 15 A g-1 can achieve high current density charge and discharge at 20/30 A g-1 that the corresponding capacitance is 1529...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Maria Hayes
By 2050, the world population is estimated to reach 9.6 billion, and this growth continues to require more food, particularly proteins. Moreover, the Westernisation of society has led to consumer demand for protein products that taste good and are convenient to consume, but additionally have nutritional and health maintenance and well-being benefits. Proteins provide energy, but additionally have a wide range of functions from enzymatic activities in the body to bioactivities including those associated with heart health, diabetes-type 2-prevention and mental health maintenance; stress relief as well as a plethora of other health beneficial attributes...
March 14, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Jiakai Lu, Diego Martín Martín Campana, Carlos M Corvalan
The contraction of surfactant-laden pores at the microscale has implications for natural and technological processes ranging from the collapse of channels in lipid membranes to the stability of foams in the food processing industry. Despite its prevalence, our understanding of the mechanisms of pore contraction in the presence of surfactants remains unclear. These mechanisms are challenging to study experimentally given the small length scale near the singularity and simulations capable of accurately characterizing the pore dynamics may help enhance our understanding of the process...
March 14, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Neal Bhatia, Leon Kircik
Optimizing combinations for psoriasis means asking patients to take control of their disease. It means balancing potency of steroids for the short-run to put out the fire and bring relief and maintaining the clearance for the long-run to reduce recurrence potential. Successful combinations are built on tolerability, ease of application, and the efficacy demonstrated by the synergy of the sum of the parts over being used separately. <p><em>J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(3):342-346.</em></p>...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Chun Xian Guo, Chang Ming Li
Unique room temperature-formed iron-doped nickel hydroxide on Ni foam as a 3D electrode in alkaline electrolyte offers fast gas dissipation, a high number of active sites and a high oxidation state of Ni for an improved oxidation ability for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), which delivers an OER current density of 100 mA cm-2 at an overpotential of 0.312 V and 96.3% retention after 100 h at an overpotential of 0.370 V in 1 M KOH, and 1000 mA cm-2 at an overpotential of 0.265 V in 30 wt% KOH.
March 14, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Hyun-Joo Kim, Gil Sun Cha, Hyung-Joon Kim, Eun-Young Kwon, Ju-Youn Lee, Jeomil Choi, Ji-Young Joo
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis ( P. gingivalis ) to induce oxidation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and to determine whether the oxidized HDL induced by P. gingivalis exhibited altered antiatherogenic function or became proatherogenic. Methods: P. gingivalis and THP-1 monocytes were cultured, and the extent of HDL oxidation induced by P. gingivalis was evaluated by a thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) assay...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Heather Murray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: CJEM
Lei Zhao, Z Varghese, J F Moorhead, Yaxi Chen, Xiong Z Ruan
Background: CD36 is a multi-functional class B scavenger receptor, which acts as an important modulator of lipid homeostasis and immune responses. Sources of data: This review uses academic articles. Areas of agreement: CD36 is closely related to the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Areas of controversy: Both persistent up-regulation of CD36 and deficiency of CD36 increase the risk for atherosclerosis...
March 9, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
Caixia Guo, Ru Ma, Xiaoying Liu, Tian Chen, Yang Li, Yang Yu, Junchao Duan, Xianqing Zhou, Yanbo Li, Zhiwei Sun
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), a marker of hyperlipidemia, plays a pivotal role in the development of atherosclerosis through the induction of macrophage-derived foam cell formation and thereafter apoptosis. Previous studies have indicated that silica nanoparticle (SiNPs) may exert a proatherogenic role, which could induce endothelial dysfunction, and monocytes infiltration. However, little is known about SiNPs' effects on macrophage-derived foam cell formation and apoptosis in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis...
March 10, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Qian Zhao, Qizhen Zhu, Jiawei Miao, Zhaoruxin Guan, Huan Liu, Renjie Chen, Yabin An, Feng Wu, Bin Xu
With the high energy density of 2600 Wh kg-1, lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have been considered as one of the most promising energy storage systems. However, the serious capacity fading resulting from shuttle effect hinders its commercial application. Encapsulating small S2-4 molecules into the pores of ultra-microporous carbon (UMC) can eliminate the dissolved polysulfudes, thus completely inhibit the shuttle effect. Nevertheless, the sulfur loading of S2-4/UMC is usually not higher than 1 mg cm-2 due to the limited pore volume of UMC, which is a great challenge for small sulfur cathode...
March 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chandu V V Muralee Gopi, Saurabh Singh, Araveeti Eswar Reddy, Hee-Je Kim
This paper reports an efficient and simple strategy for the synthesis of molybdenum copper selenide (MoCuSe) nanoparticles decorated with a combination of a carbon nanotube (CNT) network and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets to form an integrated hybrid architecture (CNT@rGO@MoCuSe) using a two-step hydrothermal approach. The synthesized hybrid CNT@rGO@MoCuSe material onto the Ni foam substrate is applied successfully as an effective counter electrode (CE) in quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs)...
March 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Logan T Dowdle, Truman R Brown, Mark S George, Colleen A Hanlon
BACKGROUND: In the 20 years since our group established the feasibility of performing interleaved TMS/fMRI, no studies have reported direct comparisons of active prefrontal stimulation with a matched sham. Thus, for all studies there is concern about what is truly the TMS effect on cortical neurons. OBJECTIVE: After developing a sham control for use within the MRI scanner, we used fMRI to test the hypothesis of greater regional BOLD responses for active versus control stimulation...
February 24, 2018: Brain Stimulation
Kevin Woo
Maintaining skin integrity is espoused by several international authorities as a benchmark for patient safety and quality of care. National guidelines advocate the use of prophylactic multi-layer foam dressings over bony prominences for the prevention of pressure ulcers or injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation of best practice guidelines including the use of multi-layer foam dressings for the prevention of pressure injuries. The analysis involved data from a total number of 62 unique patients...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Technology International
Steven L Percival
A novel hydrophilic polyurethane (PU) foam dressing which is impregnated with silver chloride, Optifoam® Gentle (OG) Ag+ (Medline Industries Inc., Chicago, Illinois), was evaluated in this study. The aims of this study were to determine the rate of elution of silver from the foam dressing over a period of 168 hours into simulated wound fluid and an evaluation of antimicrobial efficacy using zone of inhibition (ZOI), direct kill, and time-kill viability. Thirty-two microorganisms associated with wounds including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), Acinetobacter baumannii, Candida albicans, and antibiotic-resistant strains (Methicillin-resistant S...
March 12, 2018: Surgical Technology International
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