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Cultural competence in mental health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142758/ethnic-differences-in-patients-perceptions-towards-isolated-orthopedic-injuries-a-pilot-study
#1
Boris A Zelle, Gurpreet Singh, Deanna L Kitchen, Roberto J Fajardo, Mohit Bhandari, Melissa A Valerio
Background: Patients' perceptions of their healthcare have been reported to influence clinical outcomes following orthopedic trauma. Findings across clinical outcomes have demonstrated significant differences in perceptions towards healthcare between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. However, ethnic disparities in perceptions towards orthopedic injuries have not been examined in the literature. Aim of study: The aim of this pilot study is to explore whether Hispanic patients with isolated orthopedic injuries will demonstrate different perceptions towards their injury as compared to non-Hispanic white patients...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124447/psychiatric-screening-and-interventions-for-minor-refugees-in-europe-an-overview-of-approaches-and-tools
#2
Annerieke Horlings, Irma Hein
Currently hundreds of thousands of minor refugees entered Europe. This group has been exposed to traumatic events pre-, during, and post-migration and is at increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders. In this article, we describe the results of our literature search on screening and interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in minor refugees, in order to make recommendations for clinical practice. Results show that studies on diagnostic accuracy of assessment instruments and efficacy of mental healthcare interventions in this population are lacking...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109564/discrepancies-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-patient-care-and-how-pharmacists-can-support-an-evolved-practice
#3
Erin Maxwell, Stephanie Salch, Monique Boliko, Genevieve Anakwe-Charles
We live in an increasingly multicultural society with people from different ethnicities and beliefs. In recent years, we have witnessed a growing group of people who identify as having diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community have historically been marginalized by the health care industry. The disproportionate prevalence of LGBT health concerns and cultural prejudices may be overlooked by many practitioners. As pharmacists, we are in an optimal position to affect meaningful changes in how we treat, counsel, and interact with all our patients, including with those whose sexual orientation or gender identity differ from ours...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104237/promoting-mental-health-in-unaccompanied-refugee-minors-recommendations-for-primary-support-programs
#4
Usama El-Awad, Atefeh Fathi, Franz Petermann, Tilman Reinelt
During the last years, the number of refugees around the world increased to about 22.5 million. The mental health of refugees, especially of unaccompanied minors (70% between the ages of 16 and 18 years) who have been exposed to traumatic events (e.g., war), is generally impaired with symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety. Several studies revealed (1) a huge variation among the prevalence rates of these mental problems, and (2) that post-migration stressors (e.g., language barriers, cultural differences) might be at least as detrimental to mental health as the traumatic events in pre- and peri-flight...
November 1, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099335/generational-differences-in-internalized-transnegativity-and-psychological-distress-among-feminine-spectrum-transgender-people
#5
Kasey B Jackman, Curtis Dolezal, Walter O Bockting
PURPOSE: This study examined internalized transnegativity and psychological distress in two age groups of transgender individuals who identified their gender identity on the feminine spectrum (rather than congruent with their male sex assigned at birth). Due to greater visibility and acceptance of gender diversity in the United States, we hypothesized that internalized transnegativity would be lower in the younger compared with the older group, and that the younger generation would, therefore, report lower levels of psychological distress than the older generation...
November 3, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078774/the-kessler-psychological-distress-scale-translation-and-validation-of-an-arabic-version
#6
Scott D Easton, Najwa S Safadi, Yihan Wang, Robert G Hasson
BACKGROUND: The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale has been widely used in assessing psychological distress among general and clinical populations from different cultural backgrounds. To our knowledge, however, researchers have not yet validated any translated versions in Arabic. The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of Arabic translations of the ten item (K10) and six item (K6) versions among public sector employees in the Occupied Palestinian Territories...
October 27, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028559/-what-s-the-right-thing-to-do-correctional-healthcare-providers-knowledge-attitudes-and-experiences-caring-for-transgender-inmates
#7
Kirsty A Clark, Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis
RATIONAL: Incarcerated transgender individuals may need to access physical and mental health services to meet their general and gender-affirming (e.g., hormones, surgery) medical needs while incarcerated. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine correctional healthcare providers' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and experiences providing care to transgender inmates. METHOD: In 2016, 20 correctional healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, social workers, psychologists, mental health counselors) from New England participated in in-depth, semi-structured interviews examining their experiences caring for transgender inmates...
November 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025818/mental-health-and-addictions-capacity-building-for-community-health-centres-in-ontario
#8
Akwatu Khenti, Fiona C Thomas, Sirad Mohamoud, Pablo Diaz, Oriana Vaccarino, Kate Dunbar, Jaime C Sapag
PROBLEM ADDRESSED: In recent years, there has been increased recognition in Canada of the need to strengthen mental health services in primary health care (PHC). Collaborative models, including partnerships between PHC and specialized mental health care providers, have emerged as effective ways for improving access to mental health care and strengthening clinical capacity. Primary health care physicians and other health professionals are well positioned to facilitate the early detection of mental disorders and provide appropriate treatment and follow-up care, helping to tackle stigma toward mental health problems in the process...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991850/aligning-education-with-health-care-transformation-identifying-a-shared-mental-model-of-new-faculty-competencies-for-academic-faculty
#9
Jed D Gonzalo, Amarpreet Ahluwalia, Maria Hamilton, Heidi Wolf, Daniel R Wolpaw, Britta M Thompson
PURPOSE: To develop a potential competency framework for faculty development programs aligned with the needs of faculty in academic health centers (AHCs). METHOD: In 2014 and 2015, the authors interviewed 23 health system leaders and analyzed transcripts using constant comparative analysis and thematic analysis. They coded competencies and curricular concepts into subcategories. Lead investigators reviewed drafts of the categorization themes and subthemes related to gaps in faculty knowledge and skills, collapsed and combined competency domains, and resolved disagreements via discussion...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972971/barriers-to-global-health-development-an-international-quantitative-survey
#10
Bahr Weiss, Amie Alley Pollack
BACKGROUND: Global health's goal of reducing low-and-middle-income country versus high-income country health disparities faces complex challenges. Although there have been discussions of barriers, there has not been a broad-based, quantitative survey of such barriers. METHODS: 432 global health professionals were invited via email to participate in an online survey, with 268 (62%) participating. The survey assessed participants' (A) demographic and global health background, (B) perceptions regarding 66 barriers' seriousness, (C) detailed ratings of barriers designated most serious, (D) potential solutions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965489/barriers-and-facilitators-of-the-hiv-care-continuum-in-southern-new-england-for-people-with-drug-or-alcohol-use-and-living-with-hiv-aids-perspectives-of-hiv-surveillance-experts-and-service-providers
#11
Lauretta E Grau, Abbie Griffiths-Kundishora, Robert Heimer, Marguerite Hutcheson, Amy Nunn, Caitlin Towey, Thomas J Stopka
BACKGROUND: Contemporary studies about HIV care continuum (HCC) outcomes within substance using populations primarily focus on individual risk factors rather than provider- or systems-level influences. Over 25% of people living with HIV (PLWH) have substance use disorders that can alter their path through the HCC. As part of a study of HCC outcomes in nine small cities in Southern New England (population 100,000-200,000 and relatively high HIV prevalence particularly among substance users), this qualitative analysis sought to understand public health staff and HIV service providers' perspectives on how substance use may influence HCC outcomes...
October 2, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942693/training-to-reduce-behavioral-health-disparities-how-do-we-optimally-prepare-family-medicine-residents-for-practice-in-rural-communities
#12
Jennifer S Robohm
Family physicians are a critical part of the healthcare system in rural areas, but little is known about the training they need to more effectively address behavioral health disparities. Practicing family physicians in Montana were surveyed about the behavioral health needs of their patients, the behavioral resources at their disposal, their prioritization of a number of behavioral skills and interventions in the training of family physicians, factors that limit their own use of behavioral skills, and the extent of their behavioral science training...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#13
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876215/deaf-families-unique-experiences-and-obstacles
#14
Audrey Frank
This article focuses on deaf children of deaf parents who grew up using American Sign Language (ASL) in deaf culture. Deaf children of deaf parents described their unique experiences of struggling with obstacles, including quality of education, low expectations from professionals, unwanted sympathy, mental health therapists' lack of cultural competency, and not being asked for valuable perspectives or advice. The advice from deaf children of deaf parents is included in the article. By bringing greater attention to this population, mental health, school, and other professionals can increase their awareness of deaf families' unique needs in their work environment...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857577/sexual-orientation-differences-in-functional-limitations-disability-and-mental-health-services-use-results-from-the-2013-2014-national-health-interview-survey
#15
Susan D Cochran, Charlotte Björkenstam, Vickie M Mays
OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated sexual orientation differences in risk for mental health morbidity, functional limitations/disability, and mental health services use among adults interviewed in the nationally representative 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey. METHOD: Respondents were 68,816 adults (67,152 heterosexual and 1,664 lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB] individuals), age 18 and older. Fully structured interviews assessed sexual orientation identity, health status, and services use...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852235/group-work-intervention-for-the-parents-of-children-with-mental-health-issues-admitted-in-the-tertiary-care-center
#16
N Janardhana Navaneetham, Divya Ravindran
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop a structured curriculum for a group-based parenting program for parents/caregivers of children or adolescents treated in the inpatient child and adolescent mental health unit of a national health institute. METHODS: Data from group session reports of 3 years of conducting group-based parenting programs in the same setting were analyzed and prominent themes of discussions were shortlisted before finally arriving at a six-session group parenting program module...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834101/reshaping-curricula-culture-and-mental-health-in-undergraduate-health-degrees
#17
Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Deb O'Kane, Margaret McAllister, Tracy Levett-Jones, Adam Gerace
Australia is a country rich in cultural diversity, with Indigenous Australians having specific cultural values and a variety of spoken languages. In addition, the increasing number of people from migrant and refugee backgrounds requires that health professionals be able to communicate effectively with people from a wide range of cultural backgrounds. This is particularly relevant when undertaking a mental health assessment, because members of diverse communities often face the dual vulnerability of marginalization and stigmatization...
August 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825850/community-engagement-with-african-american-clergy-faith-based-model-for-culturally-competent-practice
#18
Kim L Stansbury, Gillian L Marshall, Jodi Hall, Gaynell M Simpson, Karen Bullock
OBJECTIVE: The intent of this exploratory qualitative study was to examine African American Baptist clergy's pastoral care to older congregants with mental disorders. Critical Race Theory was the guiding framework in this study. METHOD: A purposive sample of 18 African American clergy participated in one-on-one interviews. RESULTS: Collectively, all participants were active in the provision of mental health to older congregants with mental disorders...
August 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816487/associations-between-bullying-involvement-protective-factors-and-mental-health-among-american-indian-youth
#19
Kari Gloppen, Barbara McMorris, Amy Gower, Marla Eisenberg
Bullying involvement as a victim or perpetrator is associated with depression and suicidality, and American Indian (AI) youth experience a disproportionately high rate of these mental health issues. This study assessed whether AI young people involved in bullying were more likely to experience negative mental health problems than AI youth who were not involved in bullying, and identified protective factors that might support this particularly vulnerable population. Data come from 1,409 8th, 9th, and 11th Grade AI students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813273/adoptive-parenting
#20
REVIEW
Harold D Grotevant, Albert Yh Lo
Challenges in adoptive parenting continue to emerge as adoption policies and practices evolve. We review three areas of research in adoptive parenting that reflect contemporary shifts in adoption. First, we highlight recent findings concerning openness in adoption contact arrangements, or contact between a child's families of birth and rearing. Second, we examine research regarding racial and cultural socialization in transracial and international adoptions. Finally, we review investigations of parenting experiences of lesbian and gay adoptive parents...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
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