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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804991/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb2-controls-migratory-activity-of-memory-t-cells-by-regulating-expression-of-cxcr4-in-a-mouse-model-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#1
Mie Kurosawa, Rieko Arakaki, Akiko Yamada, Takaaki Tsunematsu, Yasusei Kudo, Jonathan Sprent, Naozumi Ishimaru
OBJECTIVE: Dysregulated chemokine signaling contributes to autoimmune diseases by facilitating aberrant T-cell infiltration into target tissues, but the specific chemokines, receptors, and T-cell populations remain largely unidentified. Role of the potent chemokine CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 in T-cell autoimmune response was examined using alymphoplasia (aly)/aly mice, a Sjögren's syndrome (SS) model. METHODS: T-cell phenotypes in the salivary gland of aly/aly mice were evaluated using immunological analysis...
August 13, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804518/comparative-frequency-of-four-different-types-of-pregnancy-associated-thyrotoxicosis-in-a-single-thyroid-centre
#2
Akane Ide, Nobuyuki Amino, Takumi Kudo, Waka Yoshioka, Mako Hisakado, Eijun Nishihara, Mitsuru Ito, Shuji Fukata, Hirotoshi Nakamura, Akira Miyauchi
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and delivery markedly influence thyroid function. However, the comparative prevalence of gestational thyrotoxicosis (GT), new onset of Graves' disease during pregnancy (GD during pregnancy), postpartum destructive thyrotoxicosis (PPT), and postpartum Graves' thyrotoxicosis (PPGD) has not yet been determined. METHODS: We prospectively registered and performed a review of 4127 consecutive non treated female patients with thyrotoxicosis, seen between August 2008 and December 2013 in our outpatient clinic of Kuma Hospital...
2017: Thyroid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801040/extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-for-blunt-cardiac-rupture-a-case-report
#3
Shunsuke Kudo, Keiji Tanaka, Kunihiko Okada, Takahiro Takemura
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) followed by operating room sternotomy, rather than resuscitative thoracotomy, might be life-saving for patients with blunt cardiac rupture and cardiac arrest who do not have multiple severe traumatic injuries. A 49-year-old man was injured in a vehicle crash and transferred to the emergency department. On admission, he was hemodynamically stable, but a plain chest radiograph revealed a widened mediastinum, and echocardiography revealed hemopericardium. A computed tomography scan revealed hemopericardium and mediastinal hematoma, without other severe traumatic injuries...
August 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800301/simultaneous-assessment-of-blood-coagulation-and-hematocrit-levels-in-dielectric-blood-coagulometry
#4
Yoshihito Hayashi, Marc-Aurèle Brun, Kenzo Machida, Seungmin Lee, Aya Murata, Shinji Omori, Hidetoshi Uchiyama, Yoshinori Inoue, Toshifumi Kudo, Takahiro Toyofuku, Masayuki Nagasawa, Isao Uchimura, Tomomasa Nakamura, Takeshi Muneta
BACKGROUND: In a whole blood coagulation test, the concentration of any in vitro diagnostic agent in plasma is dependent on the hematocrit level but its impact on the test result is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to clarify the effects of reagent concentration, particularly Ca2+, and to find a method for hematocrit estimation compatible with the coagulation test. METHODS: Whole blood coagulation tests by dielectric blood coagulometry (DBCM) and rotational thromboelastometry were performed with various concentrations of Ca2+ or on samples with different hematocrit levels...
August 8, 2017: Biorheology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795466/reduced-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-positivity-among-pregnant-women-born-after-the-national-implementation-of-immunoprophylaxis-for-babies-born-to-hepatitis-b-virus-carrier-mothers-in-japan
#5
Aya Sugiyama, Masayuki Ohisa, Shintaro Nagashima, Chikako Yamamoto, Chuon Channarena, Toshiko Fujii, Tomoyuki Akita, Keiko Katayama, Yoshiki Kudo, Junko Tanaka
AIM: We aimed to estimate hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positivity among birth year-stratified pregnant women in Hiroshima, Japan, and compare prevalence rates among women between born before and after implementation of a national immunoprophylactic vaccination program for babies born to hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier mothers in Japan. METHODS: Pregnant women who gave birth at all delivery hospitals/clinics in Hiroshima prefecture between April 1, 2010 and March 31, 2011 were eligible...
August 9, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794403/chronological-immunolocalization-of-sclerostin-and-fgf23-in-the-mouse-metaphyseal-trabecular-and-cortical-bone
#6
Atsunaka Sakurai, Tomoka Hasegawa, Ai Kudo, Zhao Shen, Tomoya Nagai, Miki Abe, Taiji Yoshida, Hiromi Hongo, Tomomaya Yamamoto, Tsuneyuki Yamamoto, Kimimitsu Oda, Paulo Henrique Luiz de Freitas, Minqi Li, Hidehiko Sano, Norio Amizuka
To assess the chronological participation of sclerostin and FGF23 in bone metabolism, this study tracked the immunolocalization of sclerostin and FGF23 in the metaphyses of murine long bones from embryonic day 18 (E18) through 1 day after birth, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 20 weeks of age. We have selected two regions in the metaphyseal trabeculae for assessing sclerostin and FGF23 localization: close to the chondro-osseous junction, i.e., bone modeling site even in the adult animals, and the trabecular region distant from the growth plate, where bone remodeling takes place...
2017: Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791327/use-of-endocytoscopy-for-identification-of-sessile-serrated-adenoma-polyps-and-hyperplastic-polyps-by-quantitative-image-analysis-of-the-luminal-areas
#7
Yushi Ogawa, Shin-Ei Kudo, Yuichi Mori, Nobunao Ikehara, Yasuharu Maeda, Kunihiko Wakamura, Masashi Misawa, Toyoki Kudo, Takemasa Hayashi, Hideyuki Miyachi, Atsushi Katagiri, Fumio Ishida, Haruhiro Inoue
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Recent studies that used magnifying chromoendoscopy and endocytoscopy (EC) to investigate endoscopic features of sessile serrated adenoma/polyps (SSA/Ps) suggested that a dilated crypt opening was an important indicator of SSA/Ps. However, no studies to date have measured the actual extent of dilatation. Hence, we investigated retrospectively the luminal areas using EC to determine a cutoff value for differentiating SSA/Ps from hyperplastic polyps (HPs). PATIENTS AND METHODS : A total of 101 lesions, including 25 SSA/Ps, 66 HPs, and 10 normal mucosal samples, assessed by an integrated-type EC were collected...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783522/fatal-liver-gas-gangrene-after-biliary-surgery
#8
Yui Miyata, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Kazuya Koizumi, Jun Kawachi, Madoka Kudo, Shinichi Teshima, Naoko Isogai, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Liver gas gangrene is a rare condition with a highly mortality rate. It is mostly associated with host factors, such as malignancy and immunosuppression. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 57-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with abnormalities of her serum hepato-biliary enzymes. She had a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebral infarction, and chronic renal failure. She was diagnosed with bile duct cancer of the liver hilum and a left hepatectomy was carried out, with extrahepatic bile duct resection...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783143/unrelated-cord-blood-transplantation-in-aplastic-anemia-is-anti-thymocyte-globulin-indispensable-for-conditioning
#9
K Kudo, H Muramatsu, A Narita, N Yoshida, R Kobayashi, H Yabe, M Endo, M Inoue, J Hara, S Kounami, J Inagaki, Y Hashii, K Kato, K Tabuchi, S Kojima
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781808/treatment-of-metastatic-refractory-colorectal-cancer-following-regorafenib-failure
#10
Nobumichi Takeuchi, Kumiko Koike, Sonomi Yoshida, Akiko Kudo, Nodoka Sekiguchi, Ataru Nakayama, Kouji Kubota, Takashi Rokuhara, Masayuki Kitahara
At present, there is no set strategy for the treatment of patients with colorectal cancer subsequent to the failure of standard treatment, other than the use of regorafenib (RGR) and TAS-102. The best order in which to use these drugs, and their safety and efficacy in combination with other drugs, are currently under investigation. It has been reported that RGR has a resensitizing effect on tumors that have previously failed to respond to anticancer drugs; this makes it a promising salvage therapy for colorectal cancer...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781785/effect-of-age-on-the-development-of-chemotherapy-associated-liver-injury-in-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis
#11
Taiichi Wakiya, Daisuke Kudo, Keinosuke Ishido, Norihisa Kimura, Yuta Yakoshi, Yoshikazu Toyoki, Hiroshi Kijima, Kenichi Hakamada
With the prolongation of the mean lifespan, the number of elderly individuals undergoing liver resection for colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CRLM) following chemotherapy has increased. However, the effect of age on the development of chemotherapy-associated liver injury (CALI) in CRLM remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effect of age on the development of CALI in CRLM. A total of 64 patients undergoing liver resection for CRLM following oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy (OBC) were investigated...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780349/implications-of-coordinated-cell-body-rotations-for-leptospira-motility
#12
Kyosuke Takabe, Akihiro Kawamoto, Hajime Tahara, Seishi Kudo, Shuichi Nakamura
The spirochete Leptospira has a coiled cell body and two periplasmic flagella (PFs) that reside beneath the outer sheath. PFs extend from each end of the cell body and are attached to the right-handed spiral protoplasmic cylinder (PC) via a connection with the flagellar motor embedded in the inner membrane. PFs bend each end of the cell body into left-handed spiral (S) or planar hook (H) shapes, allowing leptospiral cells to swim using combined anterior S-end and posterior H-end gyrations with PC rotations...
August 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780301/prevalence-and-chronological-changes-of-testicular-microlithiasis-in-isolated-congenital-undescended-testes-operated-at-less-than-3-years-of-age
#13
Yoko Nishimura, Kimihiko Moriya, Michiko Nakamura, Mutsumi Nishida, Megumi Sato, Yusuke Kudo, Satomi Omotehara, Takahito Iwai, Yamato Wakabayashi, Yukiko Kanno, Takeya Kitta, Masafumi Kon, Nobuo Shinohara
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the prevalence and chronological changes of testicular microlithiasis in isolated congenital undescended testes, retrospective chart review was performed. METHODS: Among children with palpable isolated undescended testes who underwent orchiopexy at less than 3 years of age between January 2009 and May 2016, those who had preoperative testicular ultrasonography were enrolled. Testicular microlithiasis was classified as limited or classic. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients (54 unilateral undescended testes and 11 bilateral undescended testes) were enrolled...
August 2, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777492/gankyrin-induces-stat3-activation-in-tumour-microenvironment-and-sorafenib-resistance-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Toshiharu Sakurai, Norihisa Yada, Satoru Hagiwara, Tadaaki Arizumi, Kosuke Minaga, Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Yasunori Minami, Tomohiro Watanabe, Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
Most hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) develop as a result of chronic liver inflammation. We have shown that the oncoprotein gankyrin is critical for inflammation-induced tumourigenesis in the colon. Although the in vitro function of gankyrin is well known, its role in vivo remains to be elucidated. We investigated the effect of gankyrin in tumour microenvironment of mice with liver parenchymal cell-specific gankyrin ablation (Alb-Cre;gankyrin(f/f) ) and gankyrin deletion both in liver parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells (Mx1-Cre;gankyrin(f/f) )...
August 4, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770097/objective-evaluation-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-using-quantitative-pain-measurement-system-pain-vision-%C3%A2-a-pilot-study
#15
Junya Sato, Megumi Mori, Satoru Nihei, Satoshi Takeuchi, Masahiro Kashiwaba, Kenzo Kudo
BACKGROUND: In an evaluation of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), objectivity may be poor because the evaluation is determined by the patient's subjective assessment. In such cases, management of neuropathy may be delayed and CIPN symptoms may become severe. In this pilot study, we attempted an objective evaluation of CIPN using a quantitative pain measurement system (Pain Vision(®)). METHODS: The subjects were patients with gynecologic cancer who underwent chemotherapy using taxane and platinum drugs...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768976/occult-thyroid-follicular-carcinoma-diagnosed-as-metastasis-to-the-chest-wall
#16
Hiroshi Saijo, Yasuo Kitamura, Haruka Takenaka, Sayaka Kudo, Keiki Yokoo, Yoshihiko Hirohashi, Hiroki Takahashi
Chest wall tumors are relatively rare, and hematogenous metastasis to the chest wall is very rare. We herein describe a rare case of occult thyroid carcinoma as metastasis to the chest wall in an 80-year-old woman. The patient received detailed examinations of the chest wall tumor, and the results suggested that she had occult thyroid carcinoma. Surgery was then performed to remove all of her thyroid. As a result, she was diagnosed with follicular carcinoma of the thyroid. We report an extremely rare case of occult thyroid carcinoma diagnosed as hematogenous metastasis to the chest wall...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768936/comparison-of-thyroglobulin-and-thyroid-peroxidase-antibodies-measured-by-five-different-kits-in-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases
#17
Eijun Nishihara, Nobuyuki Amino, Takumi Kudo, Mitsuru Ito, Shuji Fukata, Mitsushige Nishikawa, Hirotoshi Nakamura, Akira Miyauchi
It is generally believed that the detection of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) is superior to that of thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAb) for the diagnosis of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. However, limited data are available on the comparison of TgAb and TPOAb prevalence as a diagnostic measurement for Hashimoto's thyroiditis using sensitive immunoassays. We herein used five different current immunoassay kits (A-E) to compare the prevalence of TgAb and TPOAb in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (n = 70), Graves' disease (n = 70), painless thyroiditis (n = 50), and healthy control subjects (n = 100)...
August 2, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766016/transarterial-chemoembolization-with-miriplatin-vs-epirubicin-for-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-phase-iii-randomized-trial
#18
Masafumi Ikeda, Masatoshi Kudo, Hiroshi Aikata, Hiroaki Nagamatsu, Hiroshi Ishii, Osamu Yokosuka, Takuji Torimura, Manabu Morimoto, Kenji Ikeda, Hiromitsu Kumada, Tosiya Sato, Ikuko Kawai, Toru Yamashita, Hiroshi Horio, Takuji Okusaka
BACKGROUND: This prospective study investigated the superiority of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) with miriplatin over TACE with epirubicin regarding overall survival (OS) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Patients with unresectable HCC were randomized 1:1 to receive TACE with miriplatin or epirubicin in lipiodol. The primary endpoint was OS; secondary endpoints were percentages of patients who achieved treatment effect (TE) 4 (100% necrotizing effect or tumor reduction), duration of time to TACE failure, and adverse events (AEs)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754270/fast-acceleration-of-asl-based-time-resolved-magnetic-resonance-angiography-by-acquisition-of-control-and-labeled-images-in-the-same-shot-fast-actress-an-optimization-study
#19
Hiroyuki Sugimori, Noriyuki Fujima, Yuriko Suzuki, Hiroyuki Hamaguchi, Kinya Ishizaka, Kohsuke Kudo
PURPOSE: To establish an optimized sequence design for fast acceleration of arterial spin labeling (ASL)-based time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) by acquisition of control and labeled images in the same shot (fast ACTRESS) and a scan time of <1min, for the evaluation of intracranial vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers with no unilateral symptomatic arterial stenosis, who underwent 3-tesla MRI, were investigated. Imaging parameters for the fast ACTRESS sequence were set with an acquisition time of 45s...
July 25, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751728/radiocesium-concentrations-in-wild-mushrooms-after-the-accident-at-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-station-follow-up-study-in-kawauchi-village
#20
Makiko Orita, Kanami Nakashima, Yasuyuki Taira, Toshiki Fukuda, Yoshiko Fukushima, Takashi Kudo, Yuko Endo, Shunichi Yamashita, Noboru Takamura
Since the accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, it has become well known that radiocesium tends to concentrate in wild mushrooms. During the recovery process after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS), it is important to perform follow-up measurements of the activity concentrations of radiocesium in mushrooms. We evaluated the activity concentrations of the detected artificial radionuclides (radiocesium) in wild mushrooms collected from Kawauchi village, which is within 30 km of the FDNPS, in 2015, four years after the accident...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
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