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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334675/effects-of-running-retraining-on-biomechanical-factors-associated-with-lower-limb-injury
#1
Marcus D Dunn, David B Claxton, Graham Fletcher, Jonathan S Wheat, David M Binney
Injury risk is an important concern for runners; however, limited evidence exists regarding changes to injury risk following running style retraining. Biomechanical factors, such as absolute peak free moment, knee abduction impulse, peak foot eversion and foot eversion excursion, have been shown to predict lower limb injury. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Pose running retraining on biomechanical factors associated with lower limb running injury. Twenty uninjured recreational runners were pair-matched based on their five km run time performance and randomly assigned to control (n = 10) and intervention (three 2-h Pose running retraining sessions) groups (n = 10)...
January 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334511/evaluation-of-recombinant-factor-viia-tranexamic-acid-and-desmopressin-to-reduce-prasugrel-related-bleeding-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-study-in-a-rabbit-model
#2
Fanny Bonhomme, Thomas Lecompte, Charles M Samama, Anne Godier, Pierre Fontana
BACKGROUND: Prasugrel is a thienopyridine that inhibits platelet aggregation more rapidly and effectively than clopidogrel, with an increased bleeding risk. OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of three nonspecific haemostatic drugs - recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), tranexamic acid and desmopressin (DDAVP) - to limit blood loss after administration of prasugrel in a rabbit model of bleeding while also evaluating any prothrombotic effects...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334497/deep-vein-thrombosis-and-venous-thromboembolism-in-trauma
#3
Keith J Ruskin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolus are major causes of hospital-related morbidity and mortality, and are recognized as complications in patients with traumatic injury. Despite the significant morbidity and mortality associated with DVTs, prophylaxis and treatment are still not well understood and remain the subject of research and debate. RECENT FINDINGS: Elements of the patient's history and physical examination, along with thromboelastography, can be used to predict patients who are at greatest risk of DVT and venous thromboembolism (VTE)...
January 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334496/oxygen-in-the-critically-ill-friend-or-foe
#4
Elisa Damiani, Abele Donati, Massimo Girardis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To examine the potential harmful effects of hyperoxia and summarize the results of most recent clinical studies evaluating oxygen therapy in critically ill patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Excessive oxygen supplementation may have detrimental pulmonary and systemic effects because of enhanced oxidative stress and inflammation. Hyperoxia-induced lung injury includes altered surfactant protein composition, reduced mucociliary clearance and histological damage, resulting in atelectasis, reduced lung compliance and increased risk of infections...
January 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334345/arm-crank-ergometry-improves-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-community-mobility-independent-of-body-composition-in-high-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#5
James J Bresnahan, Gary J Farkas, Jody L Clasey, James W Yates, David R Gater
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise using arm crank ergometry (ACE) in high motor complete (ISNCSCI A/B) spinal cord injury (SCI) as primarily related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and functional mobility and secondarily to body composition and metabolic profiles. DESIGN: Longitudinal interventional study at an academic medical center. METHODS: Ten previously untrained participants (M8/F2, Age 36.7 y ± 10.1, BMI 24...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333946/does-inside-passing-contribute-to-the-high-incidence-of-groin-injuries-in-soccer-a-biomechanical-analysis
#6
Thomas Dupré, Johannes Funken, Ralf Müller, Kristian R L Mortensen, Filip Gertz Lysdal, Markus Braun, Hartmut Krahl, Wolfgang Potthast
Groin injuries are common in soccer and often cause time-loss from training. While groin injuries have been linked to full effort kicking, the role of inside passing is unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate hip joint kinematics and muscle force, stress and contraction velocity for adductor longus and gracilis during inside passing. 3D kinematics of ten soccer players (23.4 yrs; 77.5 kg; 1.81 m) were captured with a motion capture system inside a Footbonaut. Muscle force and contraction velocity were determined with AnyBody Modelling System...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333883/simultaneous-intestinal-and-kidney-transplantation-in-adults
#7
Irum Amin, Charlotte Rutter, Adam Barlow, Neil K Russell, J Andrew Bradley, Andrew Jackson, Andrew J Butler
AIM OF THE STUDY: Intestinal transplantation (IT) is a life-saving procedure for carefully selected patients with intestinal failure. We evaluated patients who had undergone simultaneous intestinal and kidney transplantation (SIKT) to determine whether UK guidelines for inclusion of a renal allograft (dialysis dependent or estimated glomerular filtration rate ((eGFR)) < 45 ml/min/1.73 m2) are justified. METHODS: A single centre analysis was undertaken of adults undergoing IT at the Cambridge Transplant Centre between December 2007 and January 2016...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333874/road-traffic-injuries-among-riders-of-electric-bike-electric-moped-in-southern-china
#8
Xujun Zhang, Yaming Yang, Jie Yang, Jie Hu, Yang Li, Ming Wu, Lorann Stallones, Henry Xiang
Objective Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries have become a burgeoning public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and potential risk factors of electric bike/moped -related road traffic injuries among electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Methods A cross-sectional study was used to interview 3,151 electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries that occurred from July 2014 to June 2015 were investigated...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333873/survey-regarding-the-05-blood-alcohol-concentration-limit-for-driving-in-the-united-states
#9
Dary D Fiorentino, Brian D Martin
STRUCTURED ABSTRACT Background: On May 14, 2013, the National Transportation Safety Board ("NTSB") proposed that states lower the blood alcohol concentration ("BAC") illegal limit from .08 g/dL to .05 g/dL (also referred to as the ".08 law" and "the .05 limit," respectively). In March of 2017, this recommendation was signed into law in the State of Utah. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this survey is to investigate perceptions regarding enforcement of the .05 g/dL BAC limit. METHOD: Opinions of law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and defense attorneys were obtained through a series of questionnaires and focus groups...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333865/parental-supervision-and-discomfort-with-children-walking-to-school-in-low-income-communities-in-cape-town-south-africa
#10
Abigail Simons, Karin Koekemoer, Ashley van Niekerk, Rajen Govender
Objective The risk of pedestrian injury is compounded for children living in low-income communities due to factors such as poor road and pedestrian infrastructure, reliance on walking as a means of transport, and compromised supervision. Parents play an important role in child pedestrian safety. The primary objective of this study was to examine the effects of child pedestrian variables on parental discomfort with regard to letting their child walk to and from school and on the frequency of adult supervision...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333827/rectus-sheath-hematoma-in-a-macrosomie-neonate-following-difficult-delivery-case-report
#11
Suzan Gunduz, Semra Kara, Ayşe Aktas, Abdulkadir Eren, Vedat Bakan
Macrosomia is a risk factor for birth injuries and is associated with neonatal morbidity and mortality. Cephalohematoma and clavicular fracture are the most frequent birth injuries. Intraabdominal injuries are uncommon birth injuries. Rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is an accumulation of blood in the sheath of rectus abdominis muscle. It is associated with trauma, operations and anticoagulant therapy, especially in adults and elders. We present a macrosomic male neonate with difficult vaginal delivery, who had in the physical examination periumblical ecchymose of 1x1 cm and a parietal cephalohametoma of 1x1 cm...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332840/examining-patterns-of-multimorbidity-polypharmacy-and-risk-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-cross-sectional-uk-biobank-study
#12
Peter Hanlon, Barbara I Nicholl, Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Ross McQueenie, Duncan Lee, Katie I Gallacher, Frances S Mair
OBJECTIVE: This study aims: (1) to describe the pattern and extent of multimorbidity and polypharmacy in UK Biobank participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and (2) to identify which comorbidities are associated with increased risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) resulting from polypharmacy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community cohort. PARTICIPANTS: UK Biobank participants comparing self-reported COPD (n=8317) with no COPD (n=494 323)...
January 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332784/air-transport-of-a-patient-with-impending-cerebral-herniation-from-tension-pneumocephalus
#13
Etzer Augustin, Michael Karsy, Jim Bryan, Jian Guan, Richard H Schmidt
Tension pneumocephalus is a rare but dangerous complication of craniotomy, sinus surgery, and traumatic cranial injury. Compared with simple pneumocephalus, which often resolves spontaneously over the course of a few days, tension pneumocephalus tends to increase with ongoing cerebrospinal fluid leak and requires immediate neurosurgical treatment to prevent cerebral herniation. Air transport of patients with tension pneumocephalus for neurosurgical care entails a risk of neurologic worsening because of changes in ambient air pressure with altitude and cabin pressurization...
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332571/role-of-heart-rate-reduction-in-the-management-of-myocarditis
#14
Chen Guang-Yi, Ge Li-Sha, Li Yue-Chun
The morbidity of myocarditis demonstrates an upward tendency by years, is commonly defined as the inflammation of myocytes and is caused by multiple factors. With the development of the molecular biological technique, great breakthroughs in the diagnosis and understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms of myocarditis have recently been achieved. Several questions remain unresolved, however, including standard treatment approaches to myocarditis, which remain controversial and ambiguous. Heart rate, as an independent risk factor, has been shown to be related to cardiac disease...
January 10, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332467/is-hippocampal-avoidance-during-whole-brain-radiotherapy-risky-for-patients-with-small-cell-lung-cancer-hippocampal-metastasis-rate-and-associated-risk-factors
#15
Esra Korkmaz Kirakli, Ozgur Oztekin
OBJECTIVES: Hippocampal avoidance during whole-brain radiotherapy is performed to prevent neural stem cell injury causing neurocognitive dysfunction. Nevertheless, the estimated risk of metastases in hippocampal avoidance area in small-cell lung cancer is unknown. The current study aimed to characterize the metastatic distribution within the brain relative to the hippocampus, estimate the incidence of hippocampal metastasis in patients with small-cell lung cancer, and identify clinical and radiographic variables that may be associated with the risk of hippocampal avoidance area metastasis...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332316/how-do-i-implement-a-whole-blood-program-for-massively-bleeding-patients
#16
Mark H Yazer, Andrew P Cap, Philip C Spinella, Louis Alarcon, Darrell J Triulzi
Building on the successful military experience, interest has been rekindled in transfusing whole blood (WB) early in the resuscitation of traumatically injured civilians, often before their ABO group is known. WB efficiently provides treatment for shock and coagulopathy, as well as platelet hemostatic function, to patients losing large volumes of blood. Unlike group O uncrossmatched red blood cells (RBCs), group O WB contains a substantial amount of plasma, which is incompatible with the RBCs of all non-group O recipients...
January 14, 2018: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332265/review-of-a-parent-s-influence-on-pediatric-procedural-distress-and-recovery
#17
REVIEW
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Understanding how parents influence their child's medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child experiencing long-term physical and psychological problems. Children under 6 years old are particularly at risk of illness or injury, yet their pain-related distress during medical procedures is often difficult to manage because of their young developmental level...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332187/human-bite-injuries-to-the-head-and-neck-current-trends-and-management-protocols-in-england-and-wales
#18
Glyndwr W Jenkins, Robert Isaac, Shakir Mustafa
INTRODUCTION: Human bite injuries can be challenging in their presentation to the examining physician. In a study by Merchant et al., 18% of patients presenting with a human bite injury had suffered wounds to the head and neck region. Current trends in their initial management at presentation to emergency departments throughout England and Wales will be discussed in this paper. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A postal survey was sent out to 100 A&E lead clinicians. This was followed up by telephone enquiries to improve the response rate...
January 14, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332084/thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation
#19
Benjamin B Whiting, Alexander C Whiting, Donald M Whiting
The use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus has been proven to be a safe and efficacious treatment for the management of many diseases. The most common indication for thalamic DBS remains essential tremor (ET), one of the most common movement disorders in the world. ET patients should be considered for surgical intervention when their tremor has demonstrated to be refractory to medication, a characteristic estimated to be present in roughly 50% of ET cases. Advantages of DBS over thalamotomy include its reversibility, the ability to adjust stimulation settings to optimize efficacy and minimize side effects, the ability to perform bilateral procedures safely, and an association with a lower risk of postoperative cognitive problems...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332033/effect-of-dual-tasking-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-response-to-external-perturbations-in-individuals-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-electromyographic-analysis
#20
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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