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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634524/a-rare-case-of-pylephlebitis-after-colonic-polypectomy
#1
Salik Nazir, Asad Jehangir, Anam Siddiqui, Niranjan Tachamo, Saroj Lohani, Eugene York
Pylephlebitis or infective suppurative thrombosis of the portal mesenteric venous system is an uncommon condition that can potentially be deadly if not recognized and treated early. Although most commonly associated with pancreatitis and diverticulitis, any intra-abdominal or pelvic infection occurring in the region drained by the portal venous system can cause this rare entity. We report a case of a 75-year-old woman who developed post polypectomy pylephlebitis following colonoscopy, a condition rarely reported in the literature...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633639/fusobacterial-liver-abscess-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Dilip Jayasimhan, Linus Wu, Paul Huggan
BACKGROUND: Fusobacteriae are facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacilli which cause a range of invasive infections, amongst which pyogenic liver abscesses are rare. We describe a case of Fusobacterium nucleatum liver abscess and review the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old lady presented with a 4-day history of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fever, rigors, and lethargy. Imaging revealed an abscess which was drained. Cultures of the blood and abscess aspirate grew Fusobacterium nucleatum and Prevotella pleuritidis respectively...
June 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632657/role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-classification-of-pediatric-pelvic-fractures-revisited
#3
Melissa A Bent, William L Hennrikus, Johan E Latorre, Douglas G Armstrong, Brian Shaw, Kerwyn C Jones, Lee S Segal
OBJECTIVES: To determine the need for computerized tomography (CT) scans in the assessment of pediatric pelvic fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart Review. SETTING: Level-1 Pediatric Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty pediatric trauma patients with pelvic fractures who have obtained both a radiograph and CT scan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Fleiss Kappa coefficient to compare interreliability...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620570/perforated-bladder-as-a-cause-of-abdominal-ascites-in-a-patient-presenting-with-acute-onset-abdominal-pain
#4
Raj Shah, Madhuri Ramakrishnan, Beenish Ahmed, Khalil Abuamr, Osama Yousef
Bladder perforation, especially when atraumatic, is a rare cause of ascites and is often difficult to differentiate from other causes of abdominal pain and ascites in the acute setting.  A 43-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of multiple sclerosis presented with acute abdominal pain. A computed tomography (CT) scan of her abdomen and pelvis without contrast revealed ascites, acute kidney injury (AKI) was noted on laboratory workup, and very little urine was drained by Foley catheter. Over the next several days, the patient's clinical condition deteriorated with no definitive diagnosis...
May 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607874/robotic-assisted-abdomino-perineal-vesicourethral-anastomotic-reconstruction-for-4-5-centimeter-post-prostatectomy-stricture
#5
Brian F Dinerman, Nicholas J Hauser, Jim C Hu, Rajveer S Purohit
We report surgical management of a disrupted radical prostatectomy vesicourethral anastomosis after bleeding from undiagnosed hemophilia that required re-exploration, pudendal artery embolization, and urinary diversion with nephrostomy and surgical drains. After referral, the 4.5 cm vesicourethral anastomotic defect was reconstructed with a robotic-assisted abdomino-perineal approach. Intra-abdominal robotic-assisted mobilization of the bladder and perineal mobilization of the urethra permitted a tension-free vesicourethral anastomosis while avoiding a pubectomy...
September 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602224/general-surgeon-management-of-complex-hepatopancreatobiliary-trauma-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#6
Peter Kilen, Alissa Greenbaum, Richard Miskimins, Manuel Rojo, Razvan Preda, Thomas Howdieshell, Stephen Lu, Sonlee West
BACKGROUND: The impact of general surgeons (GS) taking trauma call on patient outcomes has been debated. Complex hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) injuries present a particular challenge and often require specialized care. We predicted no difference in the initial management or outcomes of complex HPB trauma between GS and trauma/critical care (TCC) specialists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent operative intervention for complex HPB trauma from 2008 to 2015 at an ACS-verified level I trauma center was performed...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595222/-mediastinal-pancreatic-pseudocyst-with-pancreatic-pleural-effusion
#7
Motoko Sasajima, Hideki Kawai, Yohei Suzuki, Yoshitaro Saito, Takeshi Eto
A 72-year-old man with chronic alcohol related pancreatitis was admitted for dyspnea and pain at the upper body. Chest X-ray showed right massive pleural effusion. Chest and abdominal contrast enhanced thin slice computed tomography revealed the route from the pancreatic head reaching the right thoracic cavity via the esophagus hiatus and the communication between the cystic lesion and main pancreatic duct. We drained the pleural effusion that showed abnormally high amylase activity. We diagnosed his illness as mediastinal pancreatic pseudocyst with pancreatic pleural effusion...
June 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594679/initial-experience-with-biologic-polymer-scaffold-poly-4-hydroxybuturate-in-complex-abdominal-wall-reconstruction
#8
Joseph F Buell, David Sigmon, Christopher Ducoin, Max Shapiro, Nikhil Teja, Emmett Wynter, Mary K Hanisee, Geoffrey Parker, Emad Kandil, Michael Darden
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the new absorbable polymer scaffold poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB) in complex abdominal wall reconstruction. BACKGROUND: Complex abdominal wall reconstruction has witnessed tremendous success in the last decade after the introduction of cadaveric biologic scaffolds. However, the use of cadaveric biologic mesh has been expensive and plagued by complications such as seroma, infection, and recurrent hernia. Despite widespread application of cadaveric biologic mesh, little data exist on the superiority of these materials in the setting of high-risk wounds in patients...
July 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589185/damage-control-laparoscopic-partial-cholecystectomy-with-an-endoscopic-linear-stapler
#9
Beyza Özçınar, Ecem Memişoğlu, Ali Fuat Kaan Gök, Orhan Ağcaoğlu, Fatih Yanar, Mehmet İlhan, Hakan Teoman Yanar, Kayıhan Günay
OBJECTIVE: Several damage-control procedures have been described in the literature in case of severe Calot's triangle inflammation and fibrosis. In this report, we describe patients who underwent laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy using an endoscopic linear stapler. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with acute cholecystitis underwent laparoscopic partial cholecystectomy in our clinic between January - December 2011. All patients had severe fibrosis and inflammation of Calot's triangle...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585840/-postoperative-administration-of-octreotide-to-reduce-lymphorrhea-lymphocele-lymphedema-and-lymphatic-ascites-after-lymphadenectomy-in-gynecological-malignancies
#10
V Weinberger, L Minář, M Felsinger, D Seidlová, P Ovesná, M Bednaříková, E Jandáková, I Rovný
INTRODUCTION: Octreotide is a synthetic analogue of natural somatostatin. Octreotide effect on lymphorrhea reduction in gynecological malignancies has only been assessed in case studies. DESIGN: Original work. SETTING: Gynecologic Oncology Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University and University Hospital Brno. METHODS: In 2014 there was a prospective, randomized, one-institution study...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584681/abdominal-pseudocyst-as-a-complication-of-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-review-of-the-literature-and-a-proposed-algorithm-for-treatment-using-4-illustrative-cases
#11
Samir Kashyap, Hammad Ghanchi, Tanya Minasian, Fanglong Dong, Dan Miulli
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is one of the most commonly performed procedures in neurosurgery. One rare complication is the formation of an abdominal pseudocyst, which can cause shunt malfunction. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: We present four unique cases of abdominal pseudocyst formation. Our first patient initially presented with a right upper quadrant pseudocyst. Shunt was externalized and the distal end was revised with placement of catheter on the opposite side...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579585/a-case-of-liver-abscess-caused-by-appendicitis-which-was-considered-to-be-drained-from-hepatobronchial-fistula
#12
Shigeo Manabe, Takayuki Yasuoka, Yuki Endo, Fumitaka Usui, Taku Yamaguchi, Tatsuzo Matsuyama, Ikuhiro Hirata, Shuji Takahashi
A 52-year-old man was referred to our hospital complaining of right lower abdominal pain. He was diagnosed with appendicitis complicated with a liver abscess and underwent an appendectomy. After antibiotic treatment following surgery, the liver abscess penetrated the right lung, which was considered to be drained from a hepatobronchial fistula. Due to the effect of drainage, the liver abscess immediately improved and the patient was subsequently discharged.
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549765/improving-patient-centered-transitional-care-after-complex-abdominal-surgery
#13
Alexandra W Acher, Stephanie A Campbell-Flohr, Maria Brenny-Fitzpatrick, Kristine M Leahy-Gross, Sara Fernandes-Taylor, Alexander V Fisher, Suresh Agarwal, Amy J Kind, Caprice C Greenberg, Pascale Carayon, Sharon M Weber
BACKGROUND: Poor-quality transitions of care from hospital to home contribute to high rates of readmission after complex abdominal surgery. The Coordinated Transitional Care (C-TraC) program improved readmission rates in medical patients, but evidence-based surgical transitional care protocols are lacking. This pilot study evaluated the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an adapted surgical C-TraC protocol. STUDY DESIGN: The intervention includes in-person enrollment of patients...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536687/abdominal-and-pelvic-actinomycosis-due-to-longstanding-intrauterine-device-a-slow-and-devastating-infection
#14
Evelyn Sue Nakahira, Linda Ferreira Maximiano, Fabiana Roberto Lima, Edson Yassushi Ussami
Actinomycosis is a chronic or subacute bacterial infection characterized by large abscess formation, caused mainly by the gram-positive non-acid-fast, anaerobic, or microaerophilic/capnophilic, obligate parasites bacteria from the Actinomyces genus. Although pelvic inflammatory disease is an entity associated with the longstanding use of intrauterine devices (IUDs), actinomycosis is not one of the most frequent infections associated with IUDs. We present the case of a 43-year-old female patient who was referred to the emergency facility because of a 20-day history of abdominal pain with signs of peritoneal irritation...
January 2017: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526906/mycobacterium-chelonae-infection-of-the-buttocks-secondary-to-lipofilling-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Sarah E Hammond, Ahmed Al-Bayati, Natalie Joumblat, Christopher J Salgado
Mycobacterium chelonae is a nontuberculous mycobacterium, classified as a Runyon type IV mycobacterium. In relation to humans, it is most commonly associated with tissue trauma or pulmonary infections. The majority of medical reports describe finding M. chelonae in the surgical setting, attributing infection to inadequate sterilization of surgical equipment. Symptoms are often nonspecific and include pain, erythema, and draining subcutaneous nodules and skin lesions. Therefore, the diagnosis of M. chelonae is often difficult to establish without prior suspicion of the disease, but can be confirmed with culture...
May 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514379/-closed-management-of-pancreatic-necrosis-complicated-by-diffuse-peritonitis
#16
E K Salakhov, A P Vlasov
AIM: To assess an efficiency of closed management of pancreatic necrosis complicated by widespread peritonitis by using of elective laparoscopic sanations with ultrasonic processing of an abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Treatment of 111 patients with pancreatic necrosis complicated by diffuse peritonitis was analyzed. Closed management was used in 41 patients (main group). Among them there were 12 patients who underwent laparoscopic sanation with ultrasonic cavitation of abdominal cavity, laparoscopic drainage of omental bag, US-assisted puncture drainage of retroperitoneal space and 29 patients after laparotomy followed by laparoscopic lavage and low-frequency ultrasound through retroperitoneal drains which were deployed during lumbotomy or under US control...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511699/does-intraoperative-closed-suction-drainage-influence-the-rate-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#17
Ophélie Aumont, Aurélien Dupré, Adeline Abjean, Bruno Pereira, Julie Veziant, Bertrand Le Roy, Denis Pezet, Emmanuel Buc, Johan Gagnière
BACKGROUND: Although drainage of pancreatic anastomoses after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is still debated, it remains recommended, especially in patients with a high risk of post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF). Modalities of drainage of pancreatic anastomoses, especially the use of passive (PAD) or closed-suction (CSD) drains, and their impact on surgical outcomes, have been poorly studied. The aim was to compare CSD versus PAD on surgical outcomes after PD. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 197 consecutive patients who underwent a standardized PD at two tertiary centers between March 2012 and April 2015...
May 16, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508002/postoperative-spontaneous-intussusception-caused-by-a-jejunal-peritoneal-cyst-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Mahir Gachabayov
Postoperative intussusception in adults is an extremely rare clinical entity. Postoperative intussusception caused by a jejunal peritoneal cyst is even rarer. Etiopathogenesis of this clinical condition is not well understood. In the given case it seems to be a complication of prolonged contact of a draining tube with bowel. We present a case of postoperative spontaneous intussusception in a 72-year-old female patient after gastric surgery. The cause of intussusception appeared to be a jejunal peritoneal cyst which is extremely rare...
April 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504550/liver-abscesses-factors-that-influence-outcome-of-percutaneous-drainage
#19
Steffen J Haider, Massimo Tarulli, Nancy J McNulty, Eric K Hoffer
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the details of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) of pyogenic liver abscesses, the etiologic factors, and the management techniques that contribute to successful treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 75 consecutively registered patients who underwent PCD of 96 abscesses at a single institution between May 2009 and May 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-nine patients (52%) were oncology patients, and 36 (48%) had recently undergone abdominal surgery...
May 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492998/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-can-we-rely-on-the-key-factors-or-do-we-need-the-bel-ensemble
#20
Jonas Jurt, Juliette Slieker, Pierre Frauche, Valerie Addor, Josep Solà, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
BACKGROUND: The success of enhanced recovery (ERAS) pathways depends on the actual application of the intended protocol (adherence), but its full implementation remains challenging. In order to potentially streamline the pathway, it is indispensable to know the impact of individual items and the entire protocol on clinical outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective analysis including all consecutive colorectal ERAS patients since implementation (May 2011) until February 2014; demographics, adherence and outcomes were retrieved from a prospectively maintained database...
May 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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