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abdominal drain

Seidai Wada, Etsuro Hatano, Tomoaki Yoh, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Kentaro Yasuchika, Hideaki Okajima, Toshimi Kaido, Shinji Uemoto
PURPOSE: Prophylactic abdominal drainage is performed routinely after liver resection in many centers. The aim of this study was to examine the safety and validity of liver resection without abdominal drainage and to clarify whether routine abdominal drainage after liver resection is necessary. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective liver resection without bilio-enteric anastomosis between July, 2006 and June, 2012 were divided into two groups, based on whether surgery was performed before or after, we adopted the no-drain strategy...
October 24, 2016: Surgery Today
Johannes Schalamon, Thomas Petnehazy, Herwig Ainoedhofer, Christoph Castellani, Holger Till, Georg Singer
BACKGROUND: In an experimental study the performance of different closed abdominal drainage systems was tested. METHODS: A vacuum bottle designed for Redon Drainage, a flexible plastic bulb designed for Jackson-Pratt drains and a V.A.C.(®) Negative Pressure Wound Therapy System were used. In a porcine cadaveric study mimicking the abdominal cavity the intrinsic pressure (IP) at one and three minutes (T0, T3) and the amount of evacuated fluid were measured. RESULTS: The Redon and Jackson drainage displayed a rapid decline to IP values of almost zero comparing T0 and T3...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
Yao Cheng, Jie Xia, Mingliang Lai, Nansheng Cheng, Sirong He
BACKGROUND: The use of surgical drains has been considered mandatory after pancreatic surgery. The role of prophylactic abdominal drainage to reduce postoperative complications after pancreatic surgery is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of routine abdominal drainage after pancreatic surgery, compare the effects of different types of surgical drains, and evaluate the optimal time for drain removal. SEARCH METHODS: For the initial version of this review, we searched the Cochrane Library (2015, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1946 to 9 April 2015), Embase (1980 to 9 April 2015), Science Citation Index Expanded (1900 to 9 April 2015), and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) (1978 to 9 April 2015)...
October 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kohei Naoki, Hideaki Takada, Kosuke Hishiki, Yoshiharu Nakashima, Koji Yoshimura, Yasunori Nishio, Kenta Ito, Ken Matsuo, Noriko Mori
A 24-year-old woman with a high fever presented at our hospital. She had been diagnosed with Kabuki syndrome at the age of 4 years because she had the typical facial features of the condition ; she had undergone living donor renal transplantation 12 years prior. She was prescribed a course of antibiotics to treat pyelonephritis of the transplanted kidney and the high fever disappeared, but the fever developed again 3 days after the discharge. Abdominal computed tomography revealed a tubular structure of recent onset running from the left dorsal side to the lower part of the bladder...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Ulysses S Torres, Daniel Nicoletti Cesar, Giuseppe DʼIppolito
Intramural hematomas can occur along any part of the gastrointestinal tract, being more common in the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Intramural colonic hematomas are very rare, and their main causes include abdominal trauma, anticoagulation, and coagulopathies. We report on a 27-year-old man with right lower quadrant pain for 1 day after a mild blunt trauma sustained during a soccer match. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging evaluation revealed an intramural hematoma of the right colon, subsequently confirmed and drained through laparoscopic surgery...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Masahiro Takita, Mina Iwanishi, Tomohiro Minami, Masashi Kono, Hirokazo Chishina, Tadaaki Arizumi, Norihisa Yada, Satoru Hagiwara, Yasunori Minami, Hiroshi Ida, Kazuomi Ueshima, Nishida Naoshi, Masatoshi Kudo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of treatment for polycystic liver disease is to reduce the liver volume and reduce or resolve compression symptoms such as abdominal fullness and abdominal pain due to hepatomegaly. Liver cysts are treated internally by puncture and aspiration of the cyst contents or hepatic artery embolization and surgically by cyst fenestration or hepatectomy, but no clear consensus has been reached concerning their selection. We introduced monoethanolamine oleate (EO) sclerotherapy therapy for liver cysts in 1999 and reported its effectiveness...
2016: Digestive Diseases
Francisco Schlottmann, Romina Reino, Emmanuel E Sadava, Ana Campos Arbulú, Nicolás A Rotholtz
INTRODUCTION: Complicated appendicitis (CA) may be a risk factor for postoperative intra-abdominal abscess formation (IAA). In addition, several publications have shown an increased risk of postoperative collection after laparoscopic appendectomy. Most surgeons prefer to place a drain to collect contaminated abdominal fluid to prevent consequent abscess formation. We aimed to evaluate the utility of placing an intra-abdominal drain in laparoscopic appendectomy for complicated acute appendicitis...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Richard W Siy, Rachel E Pferdehirt, Shayan A Izaddoost
INTRODUCTION: The use of biologic mesh where native tissue deficiencies limit reconstructive options has been well documented in the adult population, with increasing use to address the special requirements of complex abdominal wall reconstruction. There is, however, little documented evidence as to the safety and efficacy of these products in the pediatric population. METHODS: This retrospective case series details 5 pediatric cases of complicated abdominal hernia repair with Strattice®, a non-crosslinked porcine acellular dermal matrix...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Maki Miyakawa, Hiroki Tanaka, Masaki Yamashita, Ryosuke Sakemi, Masanao Nasuno, Manabu Ishii, Hideyuki Yanagisawa, Shin Ichihara, Hiroko Gotoda, Satoshi Motoya
A 19-year-old male with diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels was admitted to our hospital. Endoscopic examination and small intestinal contrast radiography revealed multiple longitudinal ulcers in the large intestine and ileum. A specimen biopsied from one of these ulcers revealed non-caseating epithelioid cell granuloma. He also had a draining anal fistula. Plain chest computed tomography (CT) and abdominal contrast-enhanced CT did not reveal any vascular abnormality...
2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Lucia Macken, Deepak Joshi, Jenny Messenger, Mark Austin, Jeremy Tibble, Louise Mason, Sumita Verma
BACKGROUND: Ascites, the commonest complication of cirrhosis, leads to frequent hospitalisations. Refractory ascites confers a median survival of 6 months without liver transplantation. In many, the management remains palliative (large-volume paracentesis). Despite calls for improvement, palliative and end-of-life care is not yet integrated into end-stage liver disease. Long-term abdominal drains are a palliative strategy in malignant ascites, but not end-stage liver disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A retrospective, single centre, case series review was performed of patients undergoing long-term abdominal drain placement for refractory ascites secondary to end-stage liver disease at a large teaching hospital between August 2011 and March 2013...
October 5, 2016: Palliative Medicine
Nurver Ulger Toprak, Gulcin Balkose, Deniz Durak, Ender Dulundu, Tolga Demirbaş, Cumhur Yegen, Guner Soyletir
Extra-intestinal infections due to Clostridium difficile have been reported rarely. Herein we report a case of pyogenic liver abscess from toxigenic C. difficile in an 80-year-old non-hospitalized woman with diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. The patient was admitted to the emergency department with fever and abdominal pain. There was no history of diarrhea or use of antibiotics. Laboratory parameters revealed signs of inflammation and elevated AST and ALT levels. Abdominal ultrasound and computer tomography showed multiple focal lesions in the bilateral liver lobes and hydropic gallbladder with stones...
September 28, 2016: Anaerobe
Jie-Gao Zhu, Wei Guo, Wei Han, Zhong-Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Choledocholithiasis represents a greater proportion of gallstone in the elderly. Elderly patients have more comorbidity, which could increase the operative risk and postoperative complications. However, no study has focused on the effect and safety of laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE) in elderly patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LTCBDE can be performed effectively and safely in elderly patients. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent LTCBDE for choledocholithiasis performed from January 2010 to December 2012...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
A Zatloukal, M Lerch, P Zonča
INTRODUCTION: CT guided percutaneous drainage is currently the gold standard in the treatment of abdominal fluid collections, having substituted open surgical drainage in many cases. It burdens the patient less than surgical drainage. Its efficiency is comparable to standard surgical drainage when properly indicated. It is readily available even in smaller hospitals. However, this method can also have many complications, which originate most often from an improperly targeted drainage catheter...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Marcelo A F Ribeiro Junior, Emily Alves Barros, Sabrina Marques de Carvalho, Vinicius Pereira Nascimento, José Cruvinel Neto, Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca
AIM: To compare the 3 main techniques of temporary closure of the abdominal cavity, vacuum assisted closure (vacuum-assisted closure therapy - VAC), Bogota bag and Barker technique, in damage control surgery. METHODS: After systematic review of the literature, 33 articles were selected to compare the efficiency of the three procedures. Criteria such as cost, infections, capacity of reconstruction of the abdominal wall, diseases associated with the technique, among others were analyzed...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Yuki B Werner, Daniel von Renteln, Tania Noder, Guido Schachschal, Ulrike W Denzer, Stefan Groth, Jan F Nast, Jan F Kersten, Martin Petzoldt, Gerhard Adam, Oliver Mann, Alessandro Repici, Cesare Hassan, Thomas Rösch
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The recently developed technique of per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been shown to be effective for the therapy of esophageal motility disorders. Limited information is available about POEM adverse events (AE). METHODS: POEM was performed with the patients under general anesthesia in 241 patients (58% male, mean age 47.4 ± 16.4 years) during 61 months. Main outcome was the rate of intra- and post-procedural adverse events (AE). Post-procedural checks comprised clinical and laboratory examination, and endoscopy, with further follow-ups being performed at 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively...
September 5, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Massimiliano Mutignani, Lorenzo Dioscoridi, Stefanos Dokas, Paolo Aseni, Pietro Carnevali, Edoardo Forti, Raffaele Manta, Mariano Sica, Alberto Tringali, Francesco Pugliese
Between April 2013 and October 2015, 6 patients developed periampullary duodenal or jejunal/biliary leaks after major abdominal surgery. In all patients, percutaneous drainage of the collection or re-operation with primary surgical repair was attempted at first but failed. A fully covered enteral metal stent was placed in all patients to seal the leak. Subsequently, we cannulated the common bile duct and, in some cases, and the main pancreatic duct inserting hydrophilic guidewires through the stent after dilating the stent mesh with a dilatation balloon or breaking the meshes with Argon Plasma Beam...
August 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Alfonso Benincasa, Federico Nicolosi, Mario Falsaperla, Alberto Saita
BACKGROUND: Recently endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS) has been introduced as an innovative approach for the treatment of complex single, multiple, and staghorn urolithiasis, which reveals to be a viable alternative to standard percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Although considered to be a versatile, safe, and efficient endoscopic procedure, it is not free from complications. We would like to report two rare cases of hydroperitoneum that occurred during ECIRS and their management...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Paschalis Gavriilidis, Ernest Hidalgo, Nicola de'Angelis, Peter Lodge, Daniel Azoulay
AIM: The benefit of prophylactic drainage after uncomplicated hepatectomy remains controversial. The aim of this study was to update the existing evidence on the role of prophylactic drainage following uncomplicated liver resection. METHODS: Cochrane, Medline (Pubmed), and Embase were searched. The Medline search strategy was adopted for all other databases. A grey literature search was performed. Meta-analyses were performed with Review Manager 5.3. Primary outcomes were mortality and ascitic leak, secondary outcomes were infected intra-abdominal collection, chest infection, wound infection of the surgical incision, biliary fistula, and length of stay...
August 26, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Clelia Lo Verso, Valentina Cigna, Gianfranca Damiani, Laura Lo Verso, Rossella Conti, Vincenzo Duca
BACKGROUND: The azygos venous system consists of the azygos vein on the right side and the hemiazygos and accessory hemiazygos on the left side. The azygos vein runs through the abdominal cavity along the right side of the vertebral bodies, in a cranial direction, passes through the diaphragm and reaches the mediastinum, where it forms the arch of the azygos which flows into the superior vena cava. Along its course, the azygos vein communicates with the intercostal veins on the right, the hemiazygos vein that collects blood from the left lower intercostal veins, and accessory hemiazygos vein that drains into the left upper intercostal veins...
2016: SpringerPlus
Liz-Valérie S Guieu, Alexa M Bersenas, Brigitte A Brisson, Marie K Holowaychuk, Melanie A Ammersbach, Hugues Beaufrère, Hiroshi Fujita, J Scott Weese
OBJECTIVE To evaluate peripheral blood and abdominal fluid variables as predictors of intestinal surgical site failure in dogs with septic peritonitis following celiotomy and closed-suction abdominal drain (CSAD) placement. DESIGN Prospective study. ANIMALS 26 dogs with septic peritonitis that underwent celiotomy and CSAD placement. PROCEDURES Abdominal fluid and blood samples were collected prior to surgery and daily thereafter until CSAD removal. Abdominal fluid was collected through the CSAD. Analysis of all samples included pH, PCO2, PO2, PCV, WBC count, and total solids, glucose, lactate, and electrolyte concentrations...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
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