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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185678/in-vitro-fatigue-and-fracture-testing-of-cad-cam-materials-in-implant-supported-molar-crowns
#1
Verena Preis, Sebastian Hahnel, Michael Behr, Laila Bein, Martin Rosentritt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the fatigue and fracture resistance of different CAD/CAM-materials as implant- or tooth-supported molar crowns with respect to the clinical procedure (screwed/bonded restoration). METHODS: 168 crowns were fabricated from different CAD/CAM-materials (n=8/material): ZLS (zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate ceramic; Suprinity, Vita-Zahnfabrik), COB (composite; Brilliant Crios, Coltene), COL (composite; Lava Ultimate, 3M Espe), PMV/PPV (polyether ether ketone (PEEK)+milled composite veneer/composite paste veneer; BioHPP+HIPC veneer/Crealign veneer, Bredent), COH (composite; Block HC, Shofu), and ZIR (zirconia; IPS e...
February 6, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183665/degradation-in-the-fatigue-crack-growth-resistance-of-human-dentin-by-lactic-acid
#2
Santiago Orrego, Huakun Xu, Dwayne Arola
The oral cavity frequently undergoes localized changes in chemistry and level of acidity, which threatens the integrity of the restorative material and supporting hard tissue. The focus of this study was to evaluate the changes in fatigue crack growth resistance of dentin and toughening mechanisms caused by lactic acid exposure. Compact tension specimens of human dentin were prepared from unrestored molars and subjected to Mode I opening mode cyclic loads. Fatigue crack growth was achieved in samples from mid- and outer-coronal dentin immersed in either a lactic acid solution or neutral conditions...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179924/fracture-resistance-of-roots-after-application-of-different-sealers
#3
Fatemeh Dibaji, Farzaneh Afkhami, Babak Bidkhori, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
INTRODUCTION: Vertical root fracture inevitably leads to tooth extraction. Thus, root filling with obturating materials and sealers that can reinforce the tooth would be an ideal way to reduce fracture in root treated teeth. This study aimed to assess the fracture resistance of roots following the application of different sealers including Epiphany, iRoot sealer and AH-plus. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty extracted human single-canal premolars without caries, curvature or cracks were used in this study...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168240/cracked-tooth-syndrome-mimicking-trigeminal-autonomic-cephalalgia-a-report-of-four-cases
#4
Noboru Noma, Kohei Shimizu, Kosuke Watanabe, Andrew Young, Yoshiki Imamura, Junad Khan
BACKGROUND: This report describes four cases of cracked tooth syndrome secondary to traumatic occlusion that mimicked trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. All patients were referred by general practitioners to the Orofacial Pain Clinic at Nihon University Dental School for assessment of atypical facial pain. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: Case 1: A 51-year-old woman presented with severe pain in the maxillary and mandibular left molars. Case 2: A 47-year-old woman presented with sharp, shooting pain in the maxillary left molars, which radiated to the temple and periorbital region...
February 6, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160942/correlation-between-symptoms-and-external-characteristics-of-cracked-teeth-findings-from-the-national-dental-practice-based-research-network
#5
Thomas J Hilton, Ellen Funkhouser, Jack L Ferracane, Gregg H Gilbert, Camille Baltuck, Paul Benjamin, David Louis, Rahma Mungia, Cyril Meyerowitz
BACKGROUND: Cracked teeth are ubiquitous in the adult dentition. The objective of this study was to determine which patient traits and behaviors and external tooth and crack characteristics correlate with cracked teeth being symptomatic. METHODS: Dentists in The National Dental Practice-Based Research Network enrolled a convenience sample of patients each with a single, vital posterior tooth with at least 1 observable external crack in this observational study; they enrolled 2,975 cracked teeth from 209 practitioners...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150439/investigating-the-dental-toolkit-of-primates-based-on-food-mechanical-properties-feeding-action-does-matter
#6
Ghislain Thiery, Franck Guy, Vincent Lazzari
Although conveying an indisputable morphological and behavioral signal, traditional dietary categories such as frugivorous or folivorous tend to group a wide range of food mechanical properties together. Because food/tooth interactions are mostly mechanical, it seems relevant to investigate the dental morphology of primates based on mechanical categories. However, existing mechanical categories classify food by its properties but cannot be used as factors to classify primate dietary habits. This comes from the fact that one primate species might be adapted to a wide range of food mechanical properties...
February 2, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052126/the-extent-of-the-crack-on-artificial-simulation-models-with-cbct-and-periapical-radiography
#7
Shuang Wang, Yiran Xu, Zhengyan Shen, Lijun Wang, Feng Qiao, Xu Zhang, Minghua Li, Ligeng Wu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the extent of the crack of a cracked tooth on an artificial simulation model with Periapical Radiography (PR) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in vitro, providing the basis for early diagnosis and an appropriate treatment plan. METHODS: Forty-four teeth with different extents of artificial cracks, created by exposure to liquid nitrogen after hot water at 100°C, were collected. They were subjected to PR and CBCT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995653/influence-of-misfit-on-the-occurrence-of-veneering-porcelain-fractures-chipping-in-implant-supported-metal-ceramic-fixed-dental-prostheses-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-pilot-trial
#8
Nils Löfgren, Christel Larsson, Nikos Mattheos, Martin Janda
OBJECTIVE: Technical complications such as veneer fractures are more common in implant-supported than tooth-supported restorations. The underlying causes have not been fully identified. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether misfit between the restoration and the implant may affect the risk of veneer fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty standardized five-unit implant-supported metal-ceramic fixed dental prostheses (FDP)s were manufactured and fixed in acrylic blocks...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987798/transmission-electron-microscopical-study-of-teenage-crown-dentin-on-the-nanometer-scale
#9
Peter Panfilov, Anna Kabanova, Jinming Guo, Zaoli Zhang
This is the first transmission electron microscopic study of teenage crown dentin on the nanometer scale. Samples for TEM were prepared by mechanical thinning and chemical polishing that allowed obtaining the electron transparent foils. It was firstly shown that human dentin possesses the layered morphology: the layers are oriented normally to the main axis of a tooth and have the thickness of ~50nm. HA inorganic phase of teenage crown dentin is in the amorphous state. The cellular structure, which was formed from collagen fibers (diameter is ~5nm), are observed near DEJ region in teenage dentin, whereas bioorganic phase of teenage crown dentin near the pulp camera does not contain the collagen fibers...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974575/microstructural-and-geometric-influences-in-the-protective-scales-of-atractosteus-spatula
#10
Vincent R Sherman, Nicholas A Yaraghi, David Kisailus, Marc A Meyers
Atractosteus spatula has been described as a living fossil (having existed for 100 Myr), retaining morphological characteristics of early ancestors such as the ability to breathe air and survive above water for hours. Its highly effective armour consists of ganoid scales. We analyse the protective function of the scales and identify key features which lead to their resistance to failure. Microstructural features include: a twisted cross-plied mineral arrangement that inhibits crack propagation in the external ganoine layer, mineral crystals that deflect cracks in the bony region in order to activate the strength of mineralized collagen fibrils, and saw-tooth ridges along the interface between the two scale layers which direct cracks away from the intrinsically weak interface...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#11
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872333/three-dimensional-analysis-of-enamel-crack-behavior-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
M S Segarra, Y Shimada, A Sadr, Y Sumi, J Tagami
The aim of this study was to nondestructively analyze enamel crack behavior on different areas of teeth using 3D swept source-optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT). Ten freshly extracted human teeth of each type on each arch (n = 80 teeth) were inspected for enamel crack patterns on functional, contact and nonfunctional, or noncontact areas using 3D SS-OCT. The predominant crack pattern for each location on each specimen was noted and analyzed. The OCT observations were validated by direct observations of sectioned specimens under confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719700/-a-ten-year-clinical-study-of-cracked-teeth-restored-with-glass-ceramic-crowns
#13
X P Luo, Y Yuan, Y J Shi, D D Qian
Objective: To evaluate the clinic performance of high strength glass ceramic crowns for the painful cracked teeth during a 10-year observation period. Methods: Forty-two posterior teeth from 36 patients were diagnosed as having a crack, biting painful and sensitivity to cold were selected in the Department of Prosthodontic, Institute and Hospital of Stomatology, Nanjing University Medical School. The lost-wax hot pressed glass ceramic crowns were bonded on the minimally invasive prepared teeth by modern adhesive technology...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659081/remineralizing-effect-of-topical-novamin-and-nano-hydroxyapatite-on-caries-like-lesions-in-primary-teeth
#14
Roza Haghgoo, Motahare Ahmadvand, Sareh Moshaverinia
INTRODUCTION: NovaMin is a synthetic mineral compound composed of calcium, sodium, phosphorus, and silica. It releases crystalline hydroxyl-carbonate apatite (HCA), which structurally resembles the minerals naturally found in the teeth. Nano-hydroxyapatite (NHA) is a biocompatible compound with high affinity for tooth enamel. NHA particles morphologically resemble dental enamel apatite crystals. Considering the efficacy of remineralizing agents and the importance of conservative preventive measures, this study aimed to compare the remin-eralizing effects of NovaMin and NHA on caries-like lesions in primary teeth...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630957/comparative-morphologic-evaluation-and-occluding-effectiveness-of-nd-yag-co2-and-diode-lasers-on-exposed-human-dentinal-tubules-an-invitro-sem-study
#15
Mini Saluja, Harpreet Singh Grover, Pankaj Choudhary
INTRODUCTION: Dentinal hypersensitivity is one of the most common problem, encountered in dental practice but has least predictable treatment outcome. The advent of lasers in dentistry has provided an additional therapeutic option for treating dentinal hypersensitivity. Although various lasers have been tried over a period of time to treat dentinal hypersensitivity, but still the doubt persist as to which laser leads to maximum dentinal tubular occlusion and is most suitable with minimal hazardous effects...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630946/comparative-analysis-of-crack-propagation-in-roots-with-hand-and-rotary-instrumentation-of-the-root-canal-an-ex-vivo-study
#16
Manju Raj Kumari, Manjunath Mysore Krishnaswamy
INTRODUCTION: Success of any endodontic treatment depends on strict adherence to 'endodontic triad'. Preparation of root canal system is recognized as being one of the most important stages in root canal treatment. At times, we inevitably end up damaging root dentin which becomes a Gateway for infections like perforation, zipping, dentinal cracks and minute intricate fractures or even vertical root fractures, thereby resulting in failure of treatment. Several factors may be responsible for the formation of dentinal cracks like high concentration of sodium hypochlorite, compaction methods and various canal shaping methods...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630942/ultrastructural-analysis-of-incinerated-teeth-by-scanning-electron-microscope-a-short-study
#17
Sugunakar Raju Godishala Swamy, Shyam Prasad Reddy Dorankula, Keerthi Muddana
INTRODUCTION: In forensic context precise knowledge on physical and histological changes of teeth subjected to high temperatures is of great importance. Preserving fragile incinerated teeth for physical, histological and ultra structural examinations is essential in fire investigations involving the origin of fire, its cause as well as the identification of victims which relies on a thorough understanding of the structural changes in dental tissues subjected to heat. AIM: The study was conducted to evaluate the physical and ultrastructural changes seen in freshly extracted teeth when subjected to gradual heating at different temperatures using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572232/a-novel-anatomical-short-glass-fiber-reinforced-post-in-an-endodontically-treated-premolar-mechanical-resistance-evaluation-using-acoustic-emission-under-fatigue-testing
#18
Hsuan-Wen Wang, Yen-Hsiang Chang, Chun-Li Lin
This study evaluates the fracture resistance in an endodontically treated tooth using circular fiber-reinforced composite (FRC) and innovated anatomical short glass fiber reinforced (SGFR) posts under fatigue testing, monitored using the acoustic emission (AE) technique. An anatomical SGFR fiber post with an oval shape and slot/notch design was manufactured using an injection-molding machine. Crown/core maxillary second premolar restorations were executed using the anatomical SGFR and commercial cylindrical fiber posts under fatigue test to understand the mechanical resistances...
January 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558851/on-the-evolutionary-advantage-of-multi-cusped-teeth
#19
Paul J Constantino, Mark B Bush, Amir Barani, Brian R Lawn
A hallmark of mammalian evolution is a progressive complexity in postcanine tooth morphology. However, the driving force for this complexity remains unclear: whether to expand the versatility in diet source, or to bolster tooth structural integrity. In this study, we take a quantitative approach to this question by examining the roles of number, position and height of multiple cusps in determining sustainable bite forces. Our approach is to use an extended finite-element methodology with due provision for step-by-step growth of an embedded crack to determine how fracture progresses with increasing occlusal load...
August 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498423/giant-panda-s-tooth-enamel-structure-mechanical-behavior-and-toughening-mechanisms-under-indentation
#20
Z Y Weng, Z Q Liu, R O Ritchie, D Jiao, D S Li, H L Wu, L H Deng, Z F Zhang
The giant panda׳s teeth possess remarkable load-bearing capacity and damage resistance for masticating bamboos. In this study, the hierarchical structure and mechanical behavior of the giant panda׳s tooth enamel were investigated under indentation. The effects of loading orientation and location on mechanical properties of the enamel were clarified and the evolution of damage in the enamel under increasing load evaluated. The nature of the damage, both at and beneath the indentation surfaces, and the underlying toughening mechanisms were explored...
December 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
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