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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245017/investigating-the-predictors-of-happiness-life-satisfaction-and-success-in-schizophrenia
#1
Sarah Saperia, Susana Da Silva, Ishraq Siddiqui, Krysta McDonald, Ofer Agid, Gary Remington, George Foussias
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that, despite marked functional impairments, remitted first episode patients with schizophrenia report levels of well-being that are comparable to healthy controls. The aim of the current study was to specifically evaluate self-reported happiness, life satisfaction and success in individuals with schizophrenia beyond their first-episode of psychosis, and to investigate the impact of symptoms and functioning on these subjective experiences. METHODS: Fifty-one schizophrenia patients and 56 matched healthy controls participated in the study...
November 22, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244908/changes-in-coping-and-social-motives-for-drinking-and-alcohol-consumption-across-the-menstrual-cycle
#2
Kayla M Joyce, Amanda Hudson, Roisin O'Connor, Kara Thompson, Megan Hodgin, Tara Perrot, Sherry H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use has been reported to fluctuate over women's menstrual cycles (MCs), with increased intake occurring premenstrually/menstrually (phases characterized by heightened negative affect) and during the ovulatory phase (a phase characterized by positive affect). This suggests women may drink for particular emotion-focused reasons at specific points in their cycles. However, no research had yet examined MC variability in drinking motives, or links between cycle-related changes in drinking motives and alcohol consumption...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244527/motivations-for-extradyadic-infidelity-revisited
#3
Dylan Selterman, Justin R Garcia, Irene Tsapelas
Relationship infidelities are motivated by many distinct factors, with previous research indicating motivations of dissatisfaction, neglect, anger, and sexual desire (Barta & Kiene, 2005). We expand on this by demonstrating additional, empirically distinct motivations for infidelity. Using an Internet-based questionnaire, participants (N = 495), most of whom were young adults, self-reported their infidelities. In addition to evidence for previously studied motivations, our data demonstrate additional factors, including lack of love ("I had 'fallen out of love with' my primary partner"), low commitment ("I was not very committed to my primary partner"), esteem ("I wanted to enhance my popularity"), gaining sexual variety ("I wanted a greater variety of sexual partners"), and situational factors ("I was drunk and not thinking clearly")...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244197/evaluation-of-an-online-self-help-version-of-the-reach-forgiveness-program-outcomes-and-predictors-of-persistence-in-a-community-sample
#4
Jennifer A Nation, Eleanor H Wertheim, Everett L Worthington
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated outcomes of an online, self-directed REACH forgiveness intervention for community-based adults. Because many participants dropped out before program completion, predictors of program persistence were also examined. METHOD: Participants (N = 130 adults, 122 female; mean age 48) completed pretreatment assessment and were randomized to immediate treatment (IT) or delayed treatment (DT). Twenty-three IT and 13 DT participants completed the 7-hour REACH forgiveness modules and postintervention assessment; 32 participants completed 3-month follow-up...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243265/what-motivates-men-to-donate-blood-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
A Carver, K Chell, T E Davison, B M Masser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective recruitment and retention of male donors are vital for the ongoing provision of blood products. Compared with females, male donors are less likely to be medically deferred or experience vasovagal reactions and are typically preferred for plasmapheresis donation in voluntary non-remunerated settings. However, females outnumber males among donors aged under 40 years. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence and identify key motivators for blood donation among males to inform targeted recruitment/retention campaigns...
December 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243122/aberrant-baseline-brain-activity-in-psychogenic-erectile-dysfunction-patients-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#6
Chenwang Jin, Min Guan, Minghao Dong, Jia Wu, Zhen He, Xin Chen, Dapeng Shi, Junchan Ren, Guangming Shi, Xiangsheng Zhang
Recent neuroimaging studies have elucidated many interesting and promising findings on sexuality regarding the neural underpinnings of both normal and abnormal sexual processes. Psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED) consists of a major part of male sexual dysfunction in China, but the understanding of the central mechanism of pED is still in its infancy. It is commonly appreciated that pED is a functional disorder, which can be attributed predominantly or exclusively to psychological factors, such as anxiety, depression, loss of self-esteem, and psychosocial stresses...
December 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241529/development-and-testing-of-a-goals-of-care-intervention-in-advanced-heart-failure
#7
Cynthia M Dougherty, Heather L Coats, J Randall Curtis, Ardith Z Doorenbos
AIM: The purpose of this paper is to describe the conceptual framework for a goals of care (GoC) intervention, elements, and findings of intervention feasibility, acceptability, and benefits from both patients with heart failure (HF) and their providers. BACKGROUND: Receiving care at a mechanical circulatory support center for advanced HF offers new opportunities for treatment, making the implementation of a GoC intervention timely and crucial in helping patients determine next steps in HF treatment...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241144/the-diverse-reasons-for-using-novel-psychoactive-substances-a-qualitative-study-of-the-users-own-perspectives
#8
Christophe Soussan, Martin Andersson, Anette Kjellgren
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of legally ambiguous and precarious Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) constitutes a challenge for policy makers and public health. Scientific and more in-depth knowledge about the motivations for using NPS is scarce and often consist of predetermined, non-systematic, or poorly described reasons deduced from top-down approaches. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore and characterize the users' self-reported reasons for NPS use inductively and more comprehensively...
December 11, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241142/unmet-needs-burden-of-treatment-and-patient-engagement-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-combined-perspective-from-the-ms-in-the-21st-century-steering-group
#9
Peter Rieckmann, Diego Centonze, Irina Elovaara, Gavin Giovannoni, Eva Havrdová, Jurg Kesselring, Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Sarah A Morrow, Celia Oreja-Guevara, Sven Schippling, Christoph Thalheim, Heidi Thompson, Patrick Vermersch, Karen Aston, Birgit Bauer, Christy Demory, Maria Paz Giambastiani, Jana Hlavacova, Jocelyne Nouvet-Gire, George Pepper, Maija Pontaga, Emma Rogan, Chrystal Rogalski, Pieter van Galen, Ali-Frédéric Ben-Amor
BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is vital in multiple sclerosis (MS) in order to optimise outcomes for patients, society and healthcare systems. It is essential to involve all stakeholders in potential solutions, working in a multidisciplinary way to ensure that people with MS (PwMS) are included in shared decision-making and disease management. To start this process, a collaborative, open environment between PwMS and healthcare professionals (HCPs) is required so that similarities and disparities in the perception of key areas in patient care and unmet needs can be identified...
November 21, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240655/evaluation-of-a-person-centered-theory-based-intervention-to-promote-health-behaviors
#10
Chiraporn Worawong, Mary Jo Borden, Karen M Cooper, Oscar A Pérez, Diane Lauver
BACKGROUND: Effective promotion of health behaviors requires strong interventions. Applying person-centered approaches and concepts synthesized from two motivational theories could strengthen the effects of such interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the effect sizes, fidelity, and acceptability of a person-centered, health behavior intervention based on self-regulation and self-determination theories. METHODS: Using a pre- and postintervention design, with a 4-week follow-up, advanced practice registered nurses made six weekly contacts with 52 volunteer participants...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239799/occupational-determinants-of-successful-aging-in-older-physicians
#11
Chanaka Wijeratne, Carmelle Peisah, Joanne Earl, Georgina Luscombe
OBJECTIVES: Demographic, physical and psychological associations of successful aging (SA) have been evaluated, but occupational factors have not. Nor has SA been evaluated in a specific occupational group. The aims of this study were to examine the occupational associations of SA in older physicians, and to explore the concept of occupational SA. METHODS: Physicians aged 55+ years completed self-ratings of occupational and personal SA on a 10-point visual analogue scale (VAS; 1 being "least successful" and 10 "most successful")...
November 24, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238607/protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-use-of-physical-activity-monitors-in-an-exercise-referral-setting-the-pacers-study
#12
Jemma Hawkins, Michelle Edwards, Joanna Charles, Russell Jago, Mark Kelson, Kelly Morgan, Simon Murphy, Emily Oliver, Sharon Simpson, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Graham Moore
Background: Exercise referral schemes are recommended by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) for physical activity promotion among inactive patients with health conditions or risk factors. Whilst there is evidence for the initial effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of such schemes for increasing physical activity, evidence of long-term effects is limited. Techniques such as goal setting, self-monitoring and personalised feedback may support motivation for physical activity...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237109/enhancing-self-care-management-of-interdialytic-fluid-weight-gain-in-patients-on-hemodialysis-a-pilot-study-using-motivational-interviewing
#13
Stacy Crown, Janet A Vogel, Christina Hurlock-Chorostecki
Patients receiving hemodialysis are challenged with restricting their fluid intake to ensure appropriate interdialytic weight gains. While nurses endeavor to promote selfcare, the ability to manage fluid gain rests on the patient's understanding and decision to limit fluid intake. A mixed-methods pilot study was undertaken to determine if motivational interviewing, a patient-centered, conversational, and collaborative approach to stimulating behavior change and resolving ambivalence, enhances self-care fluid management...
January 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234494/company-size-work-home-interference-and-well-being-of-self-employed-entrepreneurs
#14
Isabelle Godin, Pierre Desmarez, Céline Mahieu
Background: The impact of working conditions on the health and well-being of workers of large enterprises has been widely described. This influence has not been studied as extensively in very small and medium-sized enterprises mainly due to methodological difficulties. Smaller organisations nevertheless constitute a reality that needs to be better understood. Methodology: The aim of this article is to better understand the working conditions of entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized enterprises, to describe the impact of these conditions on their health and well-being, and to learn how their work affects their private lives...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233429/pharmacy-students-perceptions-of-the-usefulness-of-motivational-interviewing-and-the-use-of-mobile-health-applications-on-patient-counseling-in-the-future
#15
Justin K Owensby, Jan Kavookjian
INTRODUCTION: To explore student pharmacists' perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) use of mobile health applications (mHealth apps), and 3) usefulness of motivational interviewing (MI) in patient encounters and potential app messaging. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with first and second year pharmacy students (n=315) at a multi-campus university after exposure to mHealth app and MI curricular content. A questionnaire assessed perceptions of 1) future patient counseling, 2) using apps for personal use and professional encounters, and 3) potential practicality and usefulness of MI principles/skills in apps messaging...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233406/common-teaching-activities-and-self-perceived-teaching-proficiency-in-pgy2-residencies
#16
Lisa Smith, Benjamin Kyle Hansen, Emily Heubel
OBJECTIVE: To describe common teaching activities included in post-graduate residencies, identify residents' self-perceived ability to perform the activities, and report characteristics of residents who did not feel post-graduate residency training prepared them for an academic career. METHODS: Residency Directors of PGY-2 ASHP-accredited U.S. residency programs in the July 2013-June 2014 cycle were asked to forward a 16-item online survey to PGY-2 residents. The survey was designed to determine teaching activities from a list of 21 common activities and measure self-perception of skill development...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233302/validation-of-a-motivation-survey-tool-for-pharmacy-students-exploring-a-link-to-professional-identity-development
#17
Martina F Mylrea, Tarun Sen Gupta, Beverley D Glass
INTRODUCTION: Self-determination theory (SDT), which describes a continuum of motivation regulators, is proposed as an appropriate framework to study pharmacy student motivation. The aim was to develop a Pharmacy Motivation Scale (Pharm-S) to determine motivation regulators in undergraduate students and explore a possible link to professional identity development. METHODS: The Pharm-S was adapted from the SDT-based, Sports Motivation Scale (SMS-II), and administered to undergraduate students in an Australian pharmacy course...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233270/on-being-a-successful-clinician-educator-lessons-learned-to-share-with-new-practitioners
#18
Charnicia E Huggins
This article discusses lessons learned by a pharmacy clinician-educator during the early stage of her career in academia. In particular, the importance of establishing good mentoring relationships is highlighted as is the need for flexibility, board certification, publications, and loyalty to one's institution. The purpose of this article is to provide new clinician-educators with specific action steps - i.e. principles for success, to combine with self-motivation in order to promote longevity in academia and a sense of personal fulfillment and accomplishment...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233101/learning-from-older-peoples-reasons-for-participating-in-demanding-intensive-epidemiological-studies-a-qualitative-study
#19
Alicja M Baczynska, Sarah C Shaw, Harnish P Patel, Avan A Sayer, Helen C Roberts
BACKGROUND: Recruitment rates of older people in epidemiological studies, although relatively higher than in clinical trials, have declined in recent years. This study aimed to explore motivating factors and concerns among older participants in an intensive epidemiological study (Hertfordshire Sarcopenia Study - HSS) and identify those that could aid future recruitment to epidemiological studies and clinical trials. METHODS: Participants of the HSS fasted overnight and travelled several hours each way to the research facility at an English hospital for extensive diet/lifestyle questionnaires and investigations to assess muscle including blood tests and a muscle biopsy...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232617/shared-reality-in-interpersonal-relationships
#20
REVIEW
Susan M Andersen, Elizabeth Przybylinski
Close relationships afford us opportunities to create and maintain meaning systems as shared perceptions of ourselves and the world. Establishing a sense of mutual understanding allows for creating and maintaining lasting social bonds, and as such, is important in human relations. In a related vein, it has long been known that knowledge of significant others in one's life is stored in memory and evoked with new persons-in the social-cognitive process of 'transference'-imbuing new encounters with significance and leading to predictable cognitive, evaluative, motivational, and behavioral consequences, as well as shifts in the self and self-regulation, depending on the particular significant other evoked...
November 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
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