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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719744/high-resolution-insights-into-the-stepwise-self-assembly-of-nanofiber-from-bioactive-peptides
#1
Fude Sun, Long Chen, Xiufang Ding, Lida Xu, Xirui Zhou, Peng Wei, Jun-Feng Liang, Shi-Zhong Luo
Peptide self-assembly has a profound biological significance since self-assembled bioactive peptides are gifted with improved bioactivity as well as life-span. In this study, peptide self-assembly was investigated using a therapeutic peptide, PTP-7S (EENFLGALFKALSKLL). Combining experiments of atomic force microscopy (AFM), circular dichroism (CD) and 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid (ANS) fluorescence spectra, PTP-7S showing α-helix was found self-assembling into nanofibers in solution. Relying on the coarse-grained (CG) dynamic simulations, the self-assembling of PTP-7S was revealed as a stepwise process that peptide monomers first clustered into peptide-assembling units (PUs) with charged surface, and then the PUs integrated together to construct nano-fibril aggregates...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719709/prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-using-best-selling-smoking-cessation-book
#2
James P Foshee, Anita Oh, Adam Luginbuhl, Joseph Curry, William Keane, David Cognetti
Our prospective, randomized, controlled trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the self-help book, The Easy Way to Stop Smoking, by Allen Carr, in promoting smoking cessation in patients with head and neck cancer. We assessed active smokers for their willingness to read a smoking cessation book. Participants were randomized to either receive the book from our department or recommended to purchase the book. All patients received smoking cessation counseling at recruitment. Phone surveys were conducted at short- and long-term intervals to determine if the patients had purchased and/or read the book and whether they were still smoking...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719491/greater-effect-of-east-vs-west-travel-on-jet-lag-sleep-and-team-sport-performance
#3
Peter M Fowler, Wade Knez, Stephen Crowcroft, Amy E Mendham, Joanna Miller, Charlie Sargent, Shona Halson, Rob Duffield
PURPOSE: Determine the recovery timeline of sleep, subjective jet-lag and fatigue, and team-sport physical performance following east and west long-haul travel. METHODS: Ten, physically-trained males underwent testing at 09:00 (AM) and 17:00 (PM) local time on four consecutive days two weeks prior to outbound travel (BASE), and the first four days following 21 h of outbound (WEST) and return (EAST) air travel across eight time-zones between Australia and Qatar. Data collection included performance (countermovement jump [CMJ], 20-m sprint and Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery level 1 [YYIR1] test) and perceptual (jet-lag, motivation, perceived exertion and physical feeling) measures...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719066/insights-into-optimal-basal-insulin-titration-in-type-2-diabetes-results-of-a-quantitative-survey
#4
Lori Berard, Mireille Bonnemaire, Marie Mical, Steve Edelman
AIMS: Basal insulin (BI) treatment initiation and dose titration in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are often delayed. Such "clinical inertia" results in poor glycemic control and high risk of long-term complications. This survey aimed to determine healthcare professional (HCP) and patient attitudes to BI initiation and titration. METHODS: An online survey (July-August 2015) including HCPs and patients with T2DM in the USA, France and Germany. Patients were ≥18 years old and had been on BI for 6-36 months, or discontinued BI within the previous 12 months...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719050/thai-people-living-with-tuberculosis-and-how-they-adhere-to-treatment-a-grounded-theory-study
#5
Jiraporn Choowong, Per Tillgren, Maja Söderbäck
To develop a conceptual framework of adherence to treatment among Thai people living with tuberculosis, a grounded theory approach was used. A purposive sample of 20 Thai people living with tuberculosis, aged from 23 to 85 years, was interviewed. From the participants' perspective, a core category of social belonging was highlighted, with three categories of conditions connected: personal barriers, personal resilience, and social facilitation. Personal barriers encompassed fear of stigma, concealing the illness, and lack of knowledge and motivation to complete the treatment regime...
July 18, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718870/-motivational-goals-and-couple-relationship-quality-in-a-sample-of-individuals-with-infertility
#6
Misa Yamanaka-Altenstein, Emanuel Henrich, Nina Heinrichs
3,5-16,6% of couples worldwide with childwish suffer from infertility, and about 20% thereof show clinically relevant psychological symptoms. Until now it remained unclear, up to which extent motivational factors are associated with psychological distress when suffering from infertility. The goal of this study was to assess individual motivational factors in a sample of infertile people, and to explore their effect on psychological distress. Additionally, the role of couple relationship quality as a dyadic predictor was to be examined...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717430/knowledge-attitude-and-practices-among-iranian-neurologists-toward-evidence-based-medicine
#7
Kaveh Shafiei, Fatemeh Sedaghati
Background: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a current practice in medicine to produce clinical practice guidelines from well-designed, randomized, controlled trials. We studied knowledge, attitude, and practice of EBM of neurologists who participated in the Iranian congress of neurology. Methods: A self-administered anonymous questionnaire was distributed and filled by neurologists. Results: A total of 200 neurologists were randomly sampled and with response rate of 56%. 33.9% of responder had previously participated in EBM courses...
January 5, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716928/support-for-redistribution-is-shaped-by-compassion-envy-and-self-interest-but-not-a-taste-for-fairness
#8
Daniel Sznycer, Maria Florencia Lopez Seal, Aaron Sell, Julian Lim, Roni Porat, Shaul Shalvi, Eran Halperin, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
Why do people support economic redistribution? Hypotheses include inequity aversion, a moral sense that inequality is intrinsically unfair, and cultural explanations such as exposure to and assimilation of culturally transmitted ideologies. However, humans have been interacting with worse-off and better-off individuals over evolutionary time, and our motivational systems may have been naturally selected to navigate the opportunities and challenges posed by such recurrent interactions. We hypothesize that modern redistribution is perceived as an ancestral scene involving three notional players: the needy other, the better-off other, and the actor herself...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#9
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715296/a-self-determination-theory-based-self-myofascial-release-program-in-older-adults-with-myofascial-trigger-points-in-the-neck-and-back-a-pilot-study
#10
Minyoung Lee, Minhee Kim, Sejun Oh, Yoon-Jin Choi, Dongshin Lee, Sang Heon Lee, BumChul Yoon
PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness and adherence to a self-determination theory (SDT)-based self-myofascial release (SMR) program in older adults with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), and to investigate the factors that influence participant behavioral change while conducting the program in a home setting. METHODS: An explanatory mixed-method design was used to evaluate a 12-week SDT-based SMR program, including a 4-week group-based education and practice (EP) phase and an 8-week home-based self-management (SM) phase...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715263/acute-effect-of-virtual-reality-exercise-bike-games-on-college-students-physiological-and-psychological-outcomes
#11
Nan Zeng, Zachary Pope, Zan Gao
Commercially available virtual reality (VR) exercise systems are extensively used in many health domains among clinical populations. However, evidence regarding the efficacy of this technology on healthy adults' health-related outcomes is unknown. This pilot study compared physiological and psychological responses following exercise on a VR-based exercise bike (VirZoom) and traditional stationary exercise bike. Twelve healthy college students (9 females; Mage = 25.01, SD = ± 4.74; MBMI = 22.84, SD = ± 3...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714808/-it-was-hard-work-every-session-therapists-view-of-successful-psychoanalytic-treatments
#12
Andrzej Werbart, Peter Missios, Fredrik Waldenström, Peter Lilliengren
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapists' experiences of the therapeutic process in successful cases of psychoanalytic psychotherapy. METHOD: A two-stage, mixed-method design was used. Sixteen successful cases were drawn from a sample of 92 young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy according to Jacobson's criteria for reliable and clinically significant improvement. Therapist interviews at baseline and termination were analyzed applying Inductive Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged: Being Particularly Motivated to be This Patient's Therapist, Maintaining a Safe and Attentive Therapeutic Position, and Assiduous Work Every Session...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713522/the-effect-of-motivational-interviewing-based-intervention-using-self-determination-theory-on-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-women-in-reproductive-age-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Nooshin Rouhani Tonekaboni, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Tahereh Kamalikhah
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) prevents chronic diseases. Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a useful framework to understand the nature of motivational interviewing (MI). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of MI-based intervention using SDT on the promotion of PA among women in reproductive age. METHODS: Seventy women in reproductive age were selected by clustering sampling method for this randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713476/the-relationship-between-perceived-coaching-behaviours-motivation-and-self-efficacy-in-wrestlers
#14
İhsan Sarı, Betül Bayazıt
The current study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived coaching behaviours, motivation, self-efficacy and general self-efficacy of wrestlers who competed in the Super National Wrestling League. The sample consisted of 289 wrestlers. The Self-Efficacy Scale was used to measure self-efficacy perception, the Sports Motivation Scale to measure the motivation of the athletes, the Leadership Scale for Sport to determine perceived leadership behaviours, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale to determine the general self-efficacy perceptions of the athletes...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713457/personal-and-social-responsibility-among-athletes-the-role-of-self-determination-achievement-goals-and-engagement
#15
Paulo Martins, António Rosado, Vítor Ferreira, Rui Biscaia
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between motivation, engagement and personal and social responsibility among athletes. Based on the literature, a survey was conducted including measures of motivation, considering task orientation and ego orientation, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and amotivation. We also measured the components of engagement (dedication, confidence, vigor and enthusiasm) and the components of personal and social responsibility. A total of 517 athletes from different types of sports participated in the study...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713221/heritability-of-the-affective-response-to-exercise-and-its-correlation-to-exercise-behavior
#16
Nienke M Schutte, Ineke Nederend, James J Hudziak, Meike Bartels, Eco J C de Geus
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in adolescent exercise behavior are strongly influenced by genetic factors. The affective response to exercise is a potential source of these genetic influences. To test its role in the motivation to exercise, we estimated the heritability of the affective responses during and after exercise and the overlap with the genetic factors influencing regular voluntary exercise behavior. DESIGN: 226 twin pairs and 38 siblings completed two submaximal exercise tests on a cycle ergometer and a treadmill and a maximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer...
July 2017: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712350/defining-peer-roles-and-status-among-community-health-workers-and-peer-support-specialists-in-integrated-systems-of-care
#17
Allen S Daniels, Sue Bergeson, Keris Jän Myrick
Current strategies for integrating general medical and behavioral health services focus primarily on improving the coordination of care and expanding team-based services. Absent from most discussion has been a focus on the workforces that provide the bulk of community-based outreach, engagement, activation, motivational support, and self-management: community health workers (CHWs) and peer support specialists (PSSs). CHWs have primarily been deployed in general medical care and PSSs in behavioral health care...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711485/the-effects-of-female-thin-ideal-media-on-men-s-appearance-schema-cognitive-performance-and-self-evaluations-a-self-determination-theory-approach
#18
Amanda Baker, Céline Blanchard
Research has primarily focused on the consequences of the female thin ideal on women and has largely ignored the effects on men. Two studies were designed to investigate the effects of a female thin ideal video on cognitive (Study 1: appearance schema, Study 2: visual-spatial processing) and self-evaluative measures in male viewers. Results revealed that the female thin ideal predicted men's increased appearance schema activation and poorer cognitive performance on a visual-spatial task. Constructs from self-determination theory (i...
July 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711223/role-of-sexuality-in-body-integrity-identity-disorder-biid-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-internet-based-survey-study
#19
Rianne M Blom, Sija J van der Wal, Nienke C Vulink, Damiaan Denys
BACKGROUND: Body integrity identity disorder (BIID)-a strong desire for amputation or paralysis-is often accompanied by feelings and cognitions of sexual arousal, although this sexual component has been largely neglected in the recent literature. AIM: To examine the presence of BIID-related sexual arousal in subjects with BIID and explore clinical and demographic variables of subjects with BIID who do and do not possess this sexual arousal. METHODS: Eighty individuals with BIID responded to an internet-based survey we created...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710052/rationale-and-design-of-feeding-america-s-bravest-mediterranean-diet-based-intervention-to-change-firefighters-eating-habits-and-improve-cardiovascular-risk-profiles
#20
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sean B Cash, Costas Christophi, Sara Folta, Steven Moffatt, Carolyn Muegge, Maria Korre, Dariush Mozaffarian, Stefanos N Kales
Among US firefighters, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of on-duty death. Poor diet contributes to this burden, but effective strategies to encourage healthy eating in the fire service are not established. "Feeding America's Bravest" motivates firefighters and their families to modify their food culture and reduce cardiometabolic risk profiles by adopting Mediterranean diet principles. Feeding America's Bravest is a cluster-randomized, controlled trial within the 44 stations of the Indianapolis Fire Department, including about 1000 firefighters...
July 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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