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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452362/reported-theory-use-in-walking-interventions-a-literature-review-and-research-agenda
#1
Mohammad Abdul Kadir, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele
There is mixed evidence with some suggesting walking can be increased up to the recommended level through interventions based on behaviour change models and others showing partial or no effects [Arbour and Ginis (A randomised controlled trial of the effects of implementation intentions on women's walking behaviour. Psychol Health, 2009;24:49-65); Merom et al. (Can a motivational intervention overcome an unsupportive environment for walking-findings from the Step-by-Step Study. Ann Behav Med 2009;38:137-46); Ornes and Ransdell (A pilot study examining exercise self-efficacy as a mediator for walking behavior in college-age women...
February 14, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451815/gender-differences-in-substance-use-treatment-and-substance-use-among-adults-on-probation
#2
Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Scott T Walters, Jennifer Lerch, Faye S Taxman
BACKGROUND: Although many formal and informal substance use treatment programs were originally designed for men, no studies have investigated how gender affects the use of substance use treatment modalities, and how gender differences in treatment utilization impact substance use in the unique probation context. OBJECTIVE: To describe gender differences in use and effectiveness of substance use treatment modalities (formal and informal) among probationers. METHODS: Longitudinal data were obtained from 335 individuals (93 women) who participated in the Motivational Assessment Program to Initiate Treatment (MAPIT) study...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450895/a-test-of-multi-session-automatic-action-tendency-retraining-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-young-adults-in-the-context-of-a-human-laboratory-paradigm
#3
Robert F Leeman, Christine Nogueira, Reinout W Wiers, Janna Cousijn, Kelly Serafini, Kelly S DeMartini, John A Bargh, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Young adult heavy drinking is an important public health concern. Current interventions have efficacy but with only modest effects, thus novel interventions are needed. In prior studies, heavy drinkers, including young adults, have demonstrated stronger automatically triggered approach tendencies to alcohol-related stimuli than lighter drinkers. Automatic action tendency retraining has been developed to correct this tendency and consequently reduce alcohol consumption. The current study is the first to test multiple iterations of automatic action tendency retraining, followed by laboratory alcohol self-administration...
February 16, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450249/towards-an-understanding-of-self-directed-language-as-a-mechanism-of-behavior-change-a-novel-strategy-for-eliciting-client-language-under-laboratory-conditions
#4
Benjamin O Ladd, Tracey A Garcia, Kristen G Anderson
Introduction: Change talk (CT) and sustain talk (ST) are thought to reflect underlying motivation and be important mechanisms of behavior change (MOBCs). However, greater specificity and experimental rigor is needed to establish CT and ST as MOBCs. Testing the effects of self-directed language under laboratory conditions is one promising avenue. The current study presents a replication and extension of research examining the feasibility for using simulation tasks to elicit self-directed language...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450222/mood-changes-after-watching-pornography-on-the-internet-are-linked-to-tendencies-towards-internet-pornography-viewing-disorder
#5
Christian Laier, Matthias Brand
Internet-pornography-viewing disorder (IPD) is considered one type of Internet-use disorder. For IPD's development, it was assumed theoretically that a dysfunctional use of Internet pornography to cope with depressive mood or stress might be considered to be a risk factor. To address the effect of Internet pornography use on mood, an online study with three measuring points with a sample of male participants was conducted. Participants were investigated regarding their tendencies towards IPD, personal use of Internet pornography, general mood, perceived stress, and their Internet pornography use motivation...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449969/stigma-and-self-management-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-impact-of-chronic-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-after-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Jasmine Heath Hearn, Sen Selvarajah, Paul Kennedy, Julian Taylor
Study Design: Qualitative, phenomenological design. Objectives: Neurogenic bladder dysfunction and urinary tract infection (UTI) are common secondary consequences to neurological damage to the spinal cord. This study sought to establish the impact of chronic, recurrent UTIs on people with spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: Community sample, United Kingdom. Methods: Twelve participants with SCI, aged between 28 and 68 years, who had experienced at least three recurrent UTI events within the previous 12 months were recruited...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449958/a-mobile-phone-based-program-to-promote-healthy-behaviors-among-adults-with-prediabetes-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Dina H Griauzde, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Brad Liestenfeltz, Caroline Richardson, Michele Heisler
Background: Rates of participation in Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPPs) are low. This may be due, in part, to low levels of autonomous motivation (i.e., motivation that arises from internal sources and sustains healthy behaviors over time) to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among many individuals with prediabetes. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies that incorporate principles from the Self-Determination Theory offer an effective and scalable approach to increase autonomous motivation levels...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449292/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-delivered-multicomponent-intervention-compared-with-enhanced-standard-care-of-obese-adolescents-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-help-trial
#8
Monica Panca, Deborah Christie, Tim J Cole, Silvia Costa, John Gregson, Rebecca Holt, Lee D Hudson, Anthony S Kessel, Sanjay Kinra, Anne Mathiot, Irwin Nazareth, Jay Wataranan, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Russell M Viner, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a cost-utility analysis of a motivational multicomponent lifestyle-modification intervention in a community setting (the Healthy Eating Lifestyle Programme (HELP)) compared with enhanced standard care. DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Community settings in Greater London, England. PARTICIPANTS: 174 young people with obesity aged 12-19 years. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention participants received 12 one-to-one sessions across 6 months, addressing lifestyle behaviours and focusing on motivation to change and self-esteem rather than weight change, delivered by trained graduate health workers in community settings...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449201/peer-coaching-through-mhealth-targeting-physical-activity-in-people-with-parkinson-disease-feasibility-study
#9
Cristina Colón-Semenza, Nancy K Latham, Lisa M Quintiliani, Terry D Ellis
BACKGROUND: Long-term engagement in exercise and physical activity mitigates the progression of disability and increases quality of life in people with Parkinson disease (PD). Despite this, the vast majority of individuals with PD are sedentary. There is a critical need for a feasible, safe, acceptable, and effective method to assist those with PD to engage in active lifestyles. Peer coaching through mobile health (mHealth) may be a viable approach. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a PD-specific peer coach training program and a remote peer-mentored walking program using mHealth technology with the goal of increasing physical activity in persons with PD...
February 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449034/quality-of-experience-during-horticultural-activities-an-experience-sampling-pilot-study-among-older-adults-living-in-a-nursing-home
#10
Marta Bassi, Cecilia Rassiga, Natalia Fumagalli, Giulio Senes
Horticulture was shown to represent a well-being source for older adults, encompassing the physical, mental and social domains. Aim of this pilot study was to contribute to extant literature through the investigation of the quality of experience associated with horticultural versus occupational activities. A group of 11 older residents of a nursing home were involved in a crossover study with a baseline measure. Participants attended weekly horticultural and occupational sessions for two six-week cycles. Experience Sampling Method was administered before the program and after each session, to assess participants' levels of happiness, concentration, sociability, involvement, challenges and stakes, and self-satisfaction...
February 12, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448237/the-effect-of-multimorbidity-on-the-gap-between-global-and-age-comparative-self-rated-health-scores-among-the-korean-elderly
#11
Namsoo Kim, Hyun-Jun Nam, Juhwan Noh, Eun-Cheol Park
Most of the behavior change models regard perceived health status as a motivation for healthy behaviors or chronic disease self-management. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the number of chronic diseases and the difference between global and age-comparative self-rated health scores (GSRH and ASRH). We used national representative survey data pertaining to the elderly in 2011 from the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. In total, 10,003 participants (≥60 years old) were selected from those who had completed the survey in 2008...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448145/concurrent-nicotine-and-tobacco-product-use-among-homeless-smokers-and-associations-with-cigarette-dependence-and-other-factors-related-to-quitting
#12
Julie Neisler, Lorraine R Reitzel, Lorra Garey, Darla E Kenzdor, Emily T Hébert, Maya Vijayaraghavan, Michael S Businelle
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking rates among homeless adults are exceptionally high, contributing to health disparities experienced by this disadvantaged population. Concurrent nicotine and tobacco product use have been shown to result in greater health problems than cigarette smoking alone, and little is known about the rates, motives, and perceived impacts of concurrent use in this group. The purpose of this study is to explore concurrent use rates and constructs of interest among homeless adult daily smokers and to examine differences between concurrent users and non-concurrent users on cigarette dependence, perceived risk of smoking, readiness to quit, and the receipt of recent cessation intervention...
February 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448083/sympathetic-arousal-but-not-disturbed-executive-functioning-mediates-the-impairment-of-cognitive-flexibility-under-stress
#13
Martin Marko, Igor Riečanský
Cognitive flexibility emerges from an interplay of multiple cognitive systems, of which lexical-semantic and executive are thought to be the most important. Yet this has not been addressed by previous studies demonstrating that such forms of flexible thought deteriorate under stress. Motivated by these shortcomings, the present study evaluated several candidate mechanisms implied to mediate the impairing effects of stress on flexible thinking. Fifty-seven healthy adults were randomly assigned to psychosocial stress or control condition while assessed for performance on cognitive flexibility, working memory capacity, semantic fluency, and self-reported cognitive interference...
February 12, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447414/women-with-dissociative-identity-disorder-who-experience-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Briana L Snyder
Women with dissociative identity disorder (DID) are significantly more likely than other women to experience intimate partner violence (IPV). The purpose of this qualitative investigation was to explicate the experiences of women with DID who experience IPV and describe how they cope. Grounded theory was used to conduct this investigation. Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants (N = 5) for face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Verbatim transcripts were coded and categorized, and reflective memos were developed to explicate substantive categories...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447386/kick-it-the-development-of-an-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-smartphone-app
#15
Joseph E M van Agteren, Sharon Lawn, Billie Bonevski, Brian J Smith
Currently, the evidence for mobile health (mHealth) smoking cessation interventions is limited and heterogeneous, warranting the need for innovative rigorously developed solutions. The aim of this study was to describe the development of a smoking cessation smartphone application (app) developed using evidence-based principles. The app (Kick.it) was designed using the Intervention Mapping framework, incorporating an extensive literature review and qualitative study, in combination with the Behavioural Change Taxonomy v1, the Theoretical Domains Framework, and the Persuasive System Design framework...
February 13, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446312/interactive-laboratory-classes-enhance-neurophysiological-knowledge-in-thai-medical-students
#16
Nicha Wongjarupong, Danai Niyomnaitham, Pitchamol Vilaisaktipakorn, Tanawin Suksiriworaboot, Shaun Peter Qureshi, Saknan Bongsebandhu-Phubhakdi
Interactive laboratory class (ILC) is a two-way communication teaching method that encourages students to correlate laboratory findings with materials from lectures. In Thai medical education, active learning methods are uncommon. This paper aims to establish 1) if ILCs would effectively promote physiology learning; 2) if effectiveness would be found in both previously academically high-performing and low-performing students; and 3) the acceptability of ILCs to Thai medical students as a novel learning method...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446195/attachment-and-therapeutic-alliance-in-psychological-therapy-for-people-with-recent-onset-psychosis-who-use-cannabis
#17
Katherine Berry, Tom Palmer, Lynsey Gregg, Christine Barrowclough, Fiona Lobban
We examine associations between client attachment style and therapeutic alliance in a 3-arm randomized controlled trial of brief motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural therapy compared with longer term motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural therapy or standard care alone. Client self-report measures of attachment style were completed at baseline, and both clients and therapists in the treatment arms of the trial completed alliance measures 1 month into therapy. We found that insecure-anxious attachment was positively associated with therapist-rated alliance, whereas clients with insecure-avoidant attachment were more likely to report poorer bond with therapist...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445011/understanding-veterinary-leadership-in-practice
#18
Caroline Elizabeth Pearson, Allan J Butler, Yaqub Paul Murray
The Vet Futures Report has identified 'exceptional leadership' as a key ambition for the long-term sustainability of the industry. This research investigates what it is like to be a veterinary surgeon in an in-practice leadership position, applying the qualitative methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. Through the researchers' interpretation of the seven participants' stories of their leadership experiences, the study advances understanding of the work environment, underlying motivations and the perceived responsibilities of veterinary leaders...
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444289/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviors-of-health-professionals-towards-smoking-cessation-in-primary-healthcare-settings
#19
Abdullah Matouq, Yousef Khader, Albaraa Khader, Anas Al-Rabadi, Mousa Al Omari, Ibrahim Iblan, Nihaya Al-Sheyab
This study aimed to assess the behaviors of multiple health professionals in primary healthcare settings in Jordan towards smoking cessation counseling and to determine the barriers to effective smoking cessation behaviors. A survey of 456 health professionals in primary healthcare settings was conducted. A self-administrated questionnaire was used to collect the data. About half of health professionals reported that they usually ask patients about smoking status and advise them to stop smoking (51.4% and 50...
February 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444179/capability-beliefs-on-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-four-health-professional-and-student-groups-in-geriatric-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Anne-Marie Boström, Disa K Sommerfeld, Annika W Stenhols, Anna Kiessling
Implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) is a complex task. This study, conducted in an acute geriatric setting, aims to compare self-reported capability beliefs on EBP between health professionals and students, and to compare the use of EBP between health professional groups. Occupational therapists, physicians, physiotherapists and registered nurses with three or more months' employment, and all students from the occupational therapy, medical, physiotherapy and nursing programs, who had conducted workplace learning at the department, were invited...
2018: PloS One
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