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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087134/factors-influencing-and-modifying-the-decision-to-pursue-genetic-testing-for-skin-cancer-risk
#1
Alexander L Fogel, Prajakta D Jaju, Shufeng Li, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher, Jean Y Tang, Kavita Y Sarin
BACKGROUND: Across cancers, the decision to pursue genetic testing is influenced more by subjective than objective factors. However, skin cancer, which is more prevalent, visual, and multifactorial than many other malignancies, may offer different motivations for pursuing such testing. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine factors influencing the decision to receive genetic testing for skin cancer risk. A secondary objective was to assess the impact of priming with health questions on the decision to receive testing...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087100/-improving-prevention-integrative-model-and-recommendations-intended-for-public-health-professionals
#2
REVIEW
G Broc, A Edjolo
Public health policies aim to diminish people's exposure to negative factors, behaviors or determinants of health. Despite awareness-raising campaigns, health recommendations are still not sufficiently followed. First, the article wondered the reasons behind this observation. In order to do this, we present a theoretical model incorporating: (a) the motivational theories of communication processing; (b) the theories of motivation and volition; (c) self-regulation and self-determination theories. In a second part, the paper describes five principles for improving communication...
January 10, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086876/fulfillment-of-administrative-and-professional-obligations-of-hospitals-and-mission-motivation-of-physicians
#3
Jeroen Trybou, Paul Gemmel, Sebastian Desmidt, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: To be successful, hospitals must increasingly collaborate with their medical staff. One strategic tool that plays an important role is the mission statement of hospitals. The goal of this research was to study the relationship between the fulfillment of administrative and professional obligations of hospitals on physicians' motivation to contribute to the mission of the hospital. Furthermore the mediating role of the physicians' emotional attachment to the hospital and moderation effect of the exchange with the head physicians were considered...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086870/a-pilot-study-of-a-community-health-agent-led-type-2-diabetes-self-management-program-using-motivational-interviewing-based-approaches-in-a-public-primary-care-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#4
Thais Moura Ribeiro do Valle Nascimento, Ken Resnicow, Marcia Nery, Alexandra Brentani, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Pooja Agrawal, Simanjit Mand, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Rates of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as type 2 diabetes are escalating in low and middle-income countries such as Brazil. Scalable primary care-based interventions are needed to improve self-management and clinical outcomes of adults with diabetes. This pilot study examines the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of training community health agents (CHAs) in Motivational Interviewing (MI)-based counseling for patients with poorly controlled diabetes in a primary care center in São Paulo, Brazil...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#5
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081044/evaluation-of-the-condom-barriers-scale-for-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-reliability-and-validity-of-3-subscales
#6
Richard A Crosby, Stephanie A Sanders, Cynthia A Graham, Robin Milhausen, William L Yarber, Leandro Mena
BACKGROUND: Reliable and valid scale measures of barriers to condom use are not available for young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Condom Barriers Scales for application with YBMSM. METHODS: A clinic-based sample of 600 YBMSM completed a computer-assisted self-interview. The primary measure was a 14-item abbreviated version of the Condom Barriers Scale. Reliability and criterion validity were assessed. RESULTS: All 3 subscales were reliable: partner-related barriers (Cronbach α=0...
February 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080961/interoception-beyond-homeostasis-affect-cognition-and-mental-health
#7
Manos Tsakiris, Hugo Critchley
Interoception refers to the sensing of the internal state of one's body. Interoception is distinct from the processing of sensory information concerning external (non-self) stimuli (e.g. vision, hearing, touch and smell) and is the afferent axis to internal (autonomic and hormonal) physiological control. However, the impact of interoception extends beyond homeostatic/allostatic reflexes: it is proposed to be fundamental to motivation, emotion (affective feelings and behaviours), social cognition and self-awareness...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080098/knowledge-of-the-self-control-benefits-of-high-level-versus-low-level-construal
#8
Karen E MacGregor, Jessica J Carnevale, Nicole E Dusthimer, Kentaro Fujita
Research indicates that inducing high-level construal (processing that highlights invariant, essential features) relative to low-level construal (processing that highlights idiosyncratic, peripheral features) promotes self-control (Fujita & Carnevale, 2012). In the present work, we investigate to what extent people recognize the self-control benefits of high-level construal, and explore the consequences of this knowledge. Studies 1 and 2 provide initial evidence that individuals are aware that high-level relative to low-level construal promotes self-control in the dieting domain...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079394/the-positive-emotions-after-acute-coronary-events-behavioral-health-intervention-design-rationale-and-preliminary-feasibility-of-a-factorial-design-study
#9
Jeffery C Huffman, Ariana M Albanese, Kirsti A Campbell, Christopher M Celano, Rachel A Millstein, Carol A Mastromauro, Brian C Healy, Wei-Jean Chung, James L Januzzi, Linda M Collins, Elyse R Park
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological constructs, such as optimism, are associated with greater participation in cardiac health behaviors and improved cardiac outcomes. Positive psychology interventions, which target psychological well-being, may represent a promising approach to improving health behaviors in high-risk cardiac patients. However, no study has assessed whether a positive psychology intervention can promote physical activity following an acute coronary syndrome. OBJECTIVE: In this article we will describe the methods of a novel factorial design study to aid the development of a positive psychology-based intervention for acute coronary syndrome patients and aim to provide preliminary feasibility data on study implementation...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077903/self-citation-of-medical-and-non-medical-universities-in-northern-iran
#10
Mohammad Ali Jahani, Mousa Yaminfirooz
BACKGROUND: Self-citation is one of the main challenges in the evaluation of researchers' scientific output. This study aimed at comparing the institutional self-citation among the universities located in Northern Iran. METHODS: This study was conducted as a scientometric study. Research population included all scientific productions of 16 Northern Iran Universities with at least 100 indexed documents indexed in the Web of Science (WoS) by 2 June 2015. The citation analysis section of WoS was used for data collection...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077220/examining-the-impact-of-suicide-attempt-function-and-perceived-effectiveness-in-predicting-reattempt-for-emergency-medicine-patients
#11
Stephen S O'Connor, Katherine Anne Comtois, David C Atkins, Amanda H Kerbrat
While previous studies have examined motivational aspects of self-directed violence, few studies have included specific motivations in predictive models for future suicide attempts. The current study utilized a sample of 160 individuals treated in an acute emergency setting following a suicide attempt who completed an interview battery that included an assessment of functional aspects of the index suicide attempt. A follow-up interview was conducted at 6 months to ascertain subsequent suicide attempts. The functional domains of suicide attempts were labeled as reduction-of-distress, communication, perceived better alternative to living, and self-loathing...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076387/distinct-subtypes-of-apathy-revealed-by-the-apathy-motivation-index
#12
Yuen-Siang Ang, Patricia Lockwood, Matthew A J Apps, Kinan Muhammed, Masud Husain
Apathy is a debilitating but poorly understood disorder characterized by a reduction in motivation. As well as being associated with several brain disorders, apathy is also prevalent in varying degrees in healthy people. Whilst many tools have been developed to assess levels of apathy in clinical disorders, surprisingly there are no measures of apathy suitable for healthy people. Moreover, although apathy is commonly comorbid with symptoms of depression, anhedonia and fatigue, how and why these symptoms are associated is unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075562/evidence-for-a-di-%C3%A2%C2%B5-oxo-diamond-core-in-the-mn-iv-fe-iv-activation-intermediate-of-ribonucleotide-reductase-from-chlamydia-trachomatis
#13
Ryan J Martinie, Elizabeth J Blaesi, Carsten Krebs, J Martin Bollinger, Alexey Silakov, Christopher J Pollock
High-valent iron and manganese complexes effect some of the most challenging biochemical reactions known, including hydrocarbon and water oxidations associated with the global carbon cycle and oxygenic photosynthesis, respectively. Their extreme reactivity presents an impediment to structural characterization, but their biological importance and potential chemical utility have, nevertheless, motivated extensive efforts toward that end. Several such intermediates accumulate during activation of class I ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) β subunits, which self-assemble dimetal cofactors with stable one-electron oxidants that serve to initiate the enzyme's free-radical mechanism...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074477/same-but-different-comparative-modes-of-information-processing-are-implicated-in-the-construction-of-perceptions-of-autonomy-support
#14
Rebecca Rachael Lee, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis
An implicit assumption behind tenets of self-determination theory is that perceptions of autonomy support are a function of absolute modes of information processing. In this study, we examined whether comparative modes of information processing were implicated in the construction of perceptions of autonomy support. In an experimental study, we demonstrated that participants employed comparative modes of information processing in evaluating receipt of small, but not large, amounts of autonomy support. In addition, we found that social comparison processes influenced a number of outcomes that are empirically related to perceived autonomy support such as sense of autonomy, positive affect, perceived usefulness, and effort...
January 11, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072923/language-the-diabetes-restricted-code-dialect-and-what-it-means-for-people-with-diabetes-and-clinicians
#15
Trisha Dunning, Jane Speight, Craig Bennett
Purpose The purpose of the paper is to explore the notion of a diabetes language restricted code or "dialect" and its effect on people with diabetes. Language is a complex phenomenon comprising verbal and nonverbal components used to communicate in human interactions. Methods Information was collected from a literature review, during clinical consultations, and from an email survey. Results Language and the way clinicians use language affect motivation, behaviors, and outcomes of people with diabetes. Language is influenced by culture, experience, and familiarity with words and their use and is idiosyncratic...
January 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068660/direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-user-motivations-decision-making-and-perceived-utility-of-results
#16
J Scott Roberts, Michele C Gornick, Deanna Alexis Carere, Wendy R Uhlmann, Mack T Ruffin, Robert C Green
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To describe the interests, decision making, and responses of consumers of direct-to-consumer personal genomic testing (DTC-PGT) services. METHODS: Prior to 2013 regulatory restrictions on DTC-PGT services, 1,648 consumers from 2 leading companies completed Web surveys before and after receiving test results. RESULTS: Prior to testing, DTC-PGT consumers were as interested in ancestry (74% very interested) and trait information (72%) as they were in disease risks (72%)...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067921/-preventive-dentistry-2-the-force-of-habit-and-the-change-to-healthy-oral-behaviour
#17
E Zwart, C O V M Gresnigt-Bekker
In a dental practice there are several situations where a change in behaviour of a patient is desirable or even necessary. It's not easy, however, to change someone's habits that they've had for many years, because these habits often give people a comfortable feeling. Change can lead to a decrease in self-confidence, which is why people are not always inclined to change. In order to realise a change in behaviour, there has to be an intrinsic motivation. An oral healthcare professional can increase the intrinsic motivation by using -Motivational Interviewing (MI)...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067592/sociodemographic-factors-differentiating-the-consumer-and-the-motivations-for-functional-food-consumption
#18
Artur Kraus, Azzurra Annunziata, Riccardo Vecchio
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the (1) role of gender, age, and education in the evaluation of multidimensional criteria of the purchase of functional products, which were (a) quality and organoleptic attributes, (b) attributes of packaging and labeling, (c) healthful properties, (d) functional components, (e) base product (carrier) and (2) most important motives for the purchase and consumption of functional food among consumers of different sociodemographic profiles...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067581/understanding-adherence-to-treatment-and-physical-activity-in-children-with-hemophilia-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#19
Sarah Bérubé, Audrey Cloutier-Bergeron, Claudine Amesse, Serge Sultan
The objective of this study was to identify psychosocial factors to explain intentions of children and adolescents with hemophilia to adhere to recommendations for self-care. Twenty-four patients with hemophilia A and B, aged 6-18 years old, and their parents, completed a survey. Measures assessed factors from the theory of planned behavior, physical activity, and medical treatment adherence. The results indicate that past behaviors, attitudes, and subjective norms explained a large proportion of the intention to engage in future nonrecommended physical activity...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066820/hiv-care-providers-attitudes-regarding-mobile-phone-applications-and-web-based-dashboards-to-support-patient-self-management-and-care-coordination-results-from-a-qualitative-feasibility-study
#20
Dallas Swendeman, Shu Farmer, Deborah Mindry, Sung-Jae Lee, Melissa Medich
In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with healthcare providers (HCPs) from five HIV medical care coordination teams in a large Los Angeles County HIV clinic, including physicians, nurses, and psychosocial services providers. HCPs reported on the potential utility, acceptability, and barriers for patient self-monitoring and notifications via mobile phones, and web-based dashboards for HCPs. Potential benefits included: 1) enhancing patient engagement, motivation, adherence, and self-management; and 2) improving provider-patient relationships and HCP care coordination...
October 2016: Journal of HIV and AIDS
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