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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549609/development-and-validation-of-cf-medication-beliefs-questionnaire-a-mixed-methods-approach
#1
Michelle N Eakin, Shang-En Chung, Jessica Hoehn, Belinda Borrelli, Devin Rand-Giovannetti, Kristin A Riekert
BACKGROUND: Beliefs about medication have been associated with adherence in other diseases but there are no existing disease-specific medication beliefs questionnaires for CF. This mixed-methods validated the Cystic Fibrosis Medication Belief Questionnaire (CF-MBQ), based on social cognitive theory. METHODS: Based on previous research, items were developed for five domains: motivation, self-efficacy, perceived importance, and decisional balance to take or miss medications...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549476/comparing-motivational-self-regulatory-and-habitual-processes-in-a-computer-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-in-hospital-employees-protocol-for-the-paths-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Dominika Kwasnicka, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda Rebar, Benjamin Gardner, Camille Short, Mitch Duncan, Dawn Crook, Martin S Hagger
BACKGROUND: Most people do not engage in sufficient physical activity to confer health benefits and to reduce risk of chronic disease. Healthcare professionals frequently provide guidance on physical activity, but often do not meet guideline levels of physical activity themselves. The main objective of this study is to develop and test the efficacy of a tailored intervention to increase healthcare professionals' physical activity participation and quality of life, and to reduce work-related stress and absenteeism...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549331/does-self-efficacy-causally-influence-initial-smoking-cessation-an-experimental-study
#3
William G Shadel, Steven C Martino, Claude Setodji, Daniel Cervone, Katie Witkiewitz
Self-efficacy has been associated with smoking cessation outcomes in many correlational research studies, but strong causal inferences are lacking. This study tested whether self-efficacy affects initial smoking cessation in a laboratory experiment, which will allow for stronger causal inferences in this domain of inquiry. Participants (n=103 motivated adult smokers) were provided with brief cessation treatment over three days in preparation for quitting on a target quit day (TQD). In addition, participants were randomized to one of two standard self-efficacy manipulations in the form of bogus feedback about their chances of quitting smoking...
May 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549180/relationships-among-self-perception-of-aging-physical-functioning-and-self-efficacy-in-late-life
#4
Hava Tovel, Sara Carmel, Victoria H Raveis
Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to examine the longitudinal relationship between 2 central concepts in the study of subjective well-being in old age-self-perception of aging (SPA) and physical functioning, and to assess the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs in this relationship. Methods: Interviews were conducted in the home with 1,216 randomly selected persons aged 75+ years (T1) and repeated with 892 of them 2 years later (T2). We collected data on SPA, physical functioning, self-efficacy, self-rated health, and demographics...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548896/implementation-of-asthma-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-knowledge-to-action-cycle
#5
Myriam E Gagné, Louis-Philippe Boulet
OBJECTIVE: Based on the Knowledge-to-Action Cycle, we assessed the self-reported implementation and perception of asthma clinical practice guideline (CPG) recommendations in primary care physicians (PCPs), along with the barriers and facilitators to CPG use in primary care. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study. Using the extended Asthma Physicians' Practice Assessment Questionnaire(©), PCPs self-reported the following: their knowledge of 15 key asthma CPG recommendations, the perceived usefulness of each of these recommendations, their motivation to apply these recommendations, and their agreement with the content of these recommendations...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548011/sex-work-and-three-dimensions-of-self-esteem-self-worth-authenticity-and-self-efficacy
#6
Cecilia Benoit, Michaela Smith, Mikael Jansson, Samantha Magnus, Jackson Flagg, Renay Maurice
Sex work is assumed to have a negative effect on self-esteem, nearly exclusively expressed as low self-worth, due to its social unacceptability and despite the diversity of persons, positions and roles within the sex industry. In this study, we asked a heterogeneous sample of 218 Canadian sex workers delivering services in various venues about how their work affected their sense of self. Using thematic analysis based on a three-dimensional conception of self-esteem - self-worth (viewing oneself in a favourable light), authenticity (being one's true self) and self-efficacy (competency) - we shed light on the relationship between involvement in sex work and self-esteem...
May 26, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546310/heterozygous-gnal-mice-are-a-novel-animal-model-to-study-dystonia-pathophysiology
#7
Assunta Pelosi, Fabien Menardy, Daniela Popa, Jean-Antoine Girault, Denis Hervé
Dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions. Its pathophysiological mechanisms are still poorly understood. Dominant mutations of the GNAL gene are a cause of isolated dystonia (DYT25) in patients. Some mutations result in a complete loss of function of the encoded protein, Gαolf, an adenylyl-cyclase-stimulatory G protein highly enriched in striatal projection neurons, in which it mediates the actions of dopamine and adenosine. We used male and female heterozygous Gnal knockout mice (Gnal+/-) to study how GNAL haplodeficiency is implicated in dystonia...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543718/introduction-of-a-new-instrument-to-measure-motivation-for-gaming-the-electronic-gaming-motives-questionnaire
#8
Helga Myrseth, Guy Notelaers, Leif Åge Strand, Einar Kristian Borud, Olav Kjellevold Olsen
AIMS: To adapt the four-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Revised (GMQ-R) to measure the motivation for engaging in electronic gaming, and to validate the internal structure and investigate the criterion validity of the new Electronic Gaming Motives Questionnaire (EGMQ). DESIGN AND SETTING: The GMQ-R was adapted to measure motivation for playing video games and the new instrument was tested on a sample of Norwegian conscripts randomly selected from the pool of conscripts who started their military service between 2013 and 2015...
May 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543630/preliminary-validation-of-the-perceived-locus-of-causality-scale-for-academic-motivation-in-the-context-of-university-studies-ploc-u
#9
Manuel Sánchez de Miguel, Izarne Lizaso, Daniel Hermosilla, Carlos-Maria Alcover, Marios Goudas, Enrique Arranz-Freijó
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that self-determination theory can be useful in the study of motivation in sport and other forms of physical activity. The Perceived Locus of Causality (PLOC) scale was originally designed to study both. AIM: The current research presents and validates the new PLOC-U scale to measure academic motivation in the university context. We tested levels of self-determination before and after academic examinations. Also, we analysed degree of internalization of extrinsic motivation in students' practical activities...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543046/prevalence-and-association-of-premenstrual-syndrome-and-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-with-academic-performance-among-female-university-students
#10
Jumana Hussein Shehadeh, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is particularly a female psychological disorder that has consequences on female students' behavior, cognitive abilities, mental health status, and academic performance. PURPOSE: To examine the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and PMDD, and their relationship with academic performance among female university students in Jordan. METHOD: Prospective-correlational design was employed among 858 university students...
May 24, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541077/why-would-i-help-my-coworker-exploring-asymmetric-task-dependence-and-the-self-determination-theory-internalization-process
#11
Christopher Poile
Research on power suggests asymmetric task dependence (sending work resources to a coworker and receiving little in return) should create a power imbalance and promote selfishness. In contrast, work design theory suggests asymmetry can lead to felt responsibility, but this link has not been tested and its theory remains underdeveloped. Drawing on self-determination theory (SDT), this article argues that work design characteristics can encourage the SDT internalization process-the transformation of external reasons for behavior into internal reasons...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540967/voxel-resolution-in-the-directed-self-assembly-of-liquid-crystal-polymer-networks-and-elastomers
#12
Benjamin A Kowalski, Vincent P Tondiglia, Tyler Guin, Timothy J White
Monomeric mixtures formulated to prepare a liquid crystal polymer network (LCN) or elastomer (LCE) can be "programmed" by surface alignment to retain complex and arbitrary spatial distributions of the director orientation upon polymerization. The localized control of orientation in a given volume (voxel) within these materials is the subject of intense research, currently motivated by the prospect of distinctive mechanical responses (both active and passive). Here, we report on a rapid and scalable photopatterning method to prepare alignment surfaces with a throughput of 10 mm(2) s(-1), using a commercial spatial light modulator and projection optics...
May 25, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540507/treatment-satisfaction-during-sublingual-immunotherapy-with-a-five-grass-pollen-tablet-for-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-a-prospective-non-interventional-study
#13
Udo Schäfer, Andrea Kienle-Gogolok, Meike Hadler, Efstrathios Karagiannis, Sylvia Schnitzer
BACKGROUND: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is a safe/well-tolerated alternative to allergen injection immunotherapy for allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC). Patient adherence is essential and patient-related outcome measures including treatment satisfaction are informative/indicative of adherence. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess treatment satisfaction with five-grass pollen tablet SLIT under real-life conditions. METHODS: Treatment satisfaction among adults taking SLIT with a five-grass pollen tablet for grass pollen-related ARC was assessed with QUARTIS, a self-report questionnaire dedicated to the management of patients treated with SLIT for ARC...
May 24, 2017: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540402/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-survivors-acceptance-of-and-preferences-for-consumer-wearable-technology-activity-trackers
#14
Nga H Nguyen, Nyssa T Hadgraft, Melissa M Moore, Dori E Rosenberg, Chris Lynch, Marina M Reeves, Brigid M Lynch
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour are common amongst breast cancer survivors. These behaviours are associated with an increased risk of comorbidities such as heart disease, diabetes and other cancers. Commercially available, wearable activity trackers (WATs) have potential utility as behavioural interventions to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour within this population. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore the acceptability and usability of consumer WAT amongst postmenopausal breast cancer survivors...
May 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540101/health-status-and-lifestyle-habits-of-us-medical-students-a-longitudinal-study
#15
B J Brehm, S S Summer, J C Khoury, A T Filak, M A Lieberman, J E Heubi
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows that physicians and medical students who engage in healthy lifestyle habits are more likely to counsel patients about such behaviors. Yet medical school is a challenging time that may bring about undesired changes to health and lifestyle habits. AIMS: This study assessed changes in students' health and lifestyle behaviors during medical school. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a longitudinal study, students were assessed at both the beginning and end of medical school...
November 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539906/guilt-as-a-motivator-for-moral-judgment-an-autobiographical-memory-study
#16
Igor Knez, Ola Nordhall
The aim was to investigate the phenomenology of self-defining moral memory and its relations to self-conscious feelings of guilt and willingness to do wrong (moral intention) in social and economic moral situations. We found that people use guilt as a moral motivator for their moral intention. The reparative function of guilt varied, however, with type of situation; that is, participants felt guiltier and were less willing to do wrong in economic compared to social moral situations. The self-defining moral memory was shown to be relatively more easy to access (accessibility), logically structured (coherence), vivid, seen from the first-person perspective (visual perspective), real (sensory detail); but was relatively less positive (valence), emotionally intense, chronologically clear (time perspective), in agreement with the present self (distancing), and shared...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539895/individual-difference-variables-and-the-occurrence-and-effectiveness-of-faking-behavior-in-interviews
#17
Anne-Kathrin Buehl, Klaus G Melchers
There is widespread fear that applicants can fake during selection interviews and that this impairs the quality of selection decisions. Several theories assume that faking occurrence is influenced by personality and attitudes, which together influence applicants' motivation to show faking behavior. However, for faking behavior to be effective, interviewees also need certain skills and abilities. To investigate the impact of several relevant individual difference variables on faking behavior and interview success, we conducted two studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539877/the-social-context-of-do-it-yourself-brain-stimulation-neurohackers-biohackers-and-lifehackers
#18
Anna Wexler
The "do-it-yourself" (DIY) brain stimulation movement began in earnest in late 2011, when lay individuals began building stimulation devices and applying low levels of electricity to their heads for self-improvement purposes. To date, scholarship on the home use of brain stimulation has focused on characterizing the practices of users via quantitative and qualitative studies, and on analyzing related ethical and regulatory issues. In this perspective piece, however, I take the opposite approach: rather than viewing the home use of brain stimulation on its own, I argue that it must be understood within the context of other DIY and citizen science movements...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538809/self-medication-among-nursing-students-in-the-state-of-amazonas-brazil
#19
Abel Santiago Muri Gama, Silvia Regina Secoli
Objective: To determine the prevalence of self-medication and associated factors among nursing students. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with 116 nursing students from the public university in the state of Amazonas, Brazil, from March to April 2014. Data were collected using a questionnaire with socioeconomic and medicine use variables. The data were subjected to bivariate analysis and logistic regression at a significance level of 5%. Results: The prevalence of self-medication was 76...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538769/participatory-methodologies-in-research-with-children-creative-and-innovative-approaches
#20
Viviane Ribeiro Pereira, Valéria Cristina Christello Coimbra, Clarissa de Souza Cardoso, Naiana Alves Oliveira, Ana Cláudia Garcia Vieira, Márcia de Oliveira Nobre, Magda Eliete Lamas Nino
Objective: To describe the use of participatory methodologies in research with children. Methods: Experience report with a qualitative approach, conducted with children between six and eleven years of age, from a municipal school in Pelotas and in the Psychosocial Children and Youth Care Center, in São Lourenço do Sul, both municipalities of the Rio Grande do Sul State. Data collection was based on records made in field and observation diaries, held from April to July 2016...
May 18, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
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