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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656474/assessment-of-motivation-levels-and-associated-factors-among-the-nursing-staff-of-tertiary-level-government-hospitals
#1
Rahul Pandey, Sonu Goel, Vipin Koushal
The present study assessed the motivation level of nurses working in 3 highly decorated tertiary-level government hospitals of India and also underpins the factors attributing to motivation levels. A sequential mixed-method design was used in this study wherein 400 nurses working in 5 units of nursing care in the hospitals were enrolled based upon proportionate random stratified sampling techniques. A self-administered questionnaire with Likert scale was developed based upon scale used by Mbindyo et al. The attributes of motivation were then categorized into external and internal attributes...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653255/promoting-father-involvement-for-child-and-family-health
#2
REVIEW
Brandon S Allport, Sara Johnson, Anushka Aqil, Alain B Labrique, Timothy Nelson, Angela Kc, Yorghos Carabas, Arik V Marcell
Paternal involvement in children's lives is associated with a variety of child outcomes, from improved cognition and mental health to reduced obesity rates and asthma exacerbations. Given this evidence, the American Academy of Pediatrics has promoted actions by pediatricians to engage fathers in pediatric care. Despite these recommendations, the mother-child dyad remains a frequent focus of care, rather than the mother-father-child triad. Furthermore, pediatric care is often leveraged to improve maternal health, such as screening for maternal depression, but paternal health is infrequently addressed even as men tend to exhibit riskier behaviors, poorer primary care utilization, and lower life expectancy...
April 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653225/self-regulation-of-the-peruvian-food-industry-health-message-cues-in-the-context-of-food-and-beverage-advertisements
#3
P Busse, A Bernabé-Ortiz
OBJECTIVES: One strategy to prevent the onset of non-communicable diseases is to motivate healthy lifestyles through health media messages. In Peru, the food industry is currently implementing such strategy with health message cues, in the form of a small icon of a walking person or a healthy dish, appearing on televised food and beverage advertisements. Yet the extent of this practice is unknown. Thus, the objective of this study was three-fold: to identify (1) the food and beverage advertisements showing health cues, (2) the types of health cues, and (3) their length in time...
April 10, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650050/the-associations-of-comorbidities-and-consumption-of-fruit-and-vegetable-with-quality-of-life-among-stomach-cancer-survivors
#4
Ji-Wei Wang, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Qing-Long Deng, Wan-Li Chen, Xian Wang, Jin-Ming Yu
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer survivors (SCS) often carry the dual burden of the cancer itself and other comorbidities; meanwhile, they are highly motivated to seek health advice about lifestyles to improve their health and quality of life (QOL). The associations of the comorbidity and the consumption of vegetable and fruit with QOL remain even less clear among the SCS. This study aimed to investigate the associations of comorbidities and consumption of fruit and vegetable with QOL among SCS...
April 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649898/the-minne-loppet-motivation-study-an-intervention-to-increase-motivation-for-outdoor-winter-physical-activity-in-ethnically-and-racially-diverse-elementary-schools
#5
Jonathan M Miller, Julian Wolfson, Melissa N Laska, Toben F Nelson, Mark A Pereira
PURPOSE: To test the effectiveness of an intervention to increase motivation for physical activity in racially diverse third- through fifth-grade students. DESIGN: Natural experiment. SETTING: Elementary schools in Minneapolis, Minnesota. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred ninety-one students in 18 Minne-Loppet Ski Program classes and 210 students in 12 control classrooms from the same schools. INTERVENTION: The Minne-Loppet Ski Program, an 8-week curriculum in elementary schools that teaches healthy physical activity behaviors through cross-country skiing...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649789/improving-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis-by-smartphone-supported-energy-management-the-ms-telecoach-feasibility-study
#6
Marie D'hooghe, Geert Van Gassen, Daphne Kos, Olivier Bouquiaux, Melissa Cambron, Danny Decoo, Andreas Lysandropoulos, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Barbara Willekens, Iris-Katharina Penner, Guy Nagels
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a frequently occurring, often disabling symptom in MS with no single effective treatment. In current fatigue management interventions, personalized, real-time follow-up is often lacking. The objective of the study is to assess the feasibility of the MS TeleCoach, a novel intervention offering telemonitoring of fatigue and telecoaching of physical activity and energy management in persons with MS (pwMS) over a 12-week period. The goal of the MS TeleCoach, conceived as a combination of monitoring, self-management and motivational messages, is to enhance levels of physical activity thereby improving fatigue in pwMS in an accessible and interactive way, reinforcing self-management of patients...
March 27, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648853/individualized-motivational-plans-in-batterer-intervention-programs-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Marisol Lila, Enrique Gracia, Alba Catalá-Miñana
OBJECTIVE: Treatment compliance and motivation to change are among the main challenges to improving batterer intervention program (BIP) effectiveness. This study examined whether adding an individualized motivational plan (IMP) to a standard BIP (SBIP) increased intervention effectiveness relative to BIP alone. METHOD: One hundred sixty males convicted of intimate partner violence were randomly assigned to receive 70 hr of either SBIP or SBIP plus IMP. The IMP is based on motivational interviewing, stages of change, and strength-based theory principles...
April 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644932/the-starr-county-border-health-initiative-focus-groups-on-diabetes-prevention-in-mexican-americans
#8
Sharon A Brown, William B Perkison, Alexandra A García, Heather E Cuevas, Mary M Velasquez, Mary A Winter, Craig L Hanis
Purpose The purpose of the study was to conduct focus groups with Mexican Americans in an impoverished rural community on the Texas-Mexico border to identify current barriers to adopting healthier lifestyles and to obtain recommendations for diabetes prevention. Methods Three separate 2-hour focus groups were led by an experienced bilingual Mexican American moderator. Interviews included questions about cultural factors and barriers that influence lifestyle behaviors, aspects of previous diabetes self-management interventions that were helpful for motivating behavioral change, and recommendations for diabetes prevention...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643739/experiences-expectations-and-challenges-of-an-interactive-mobile-phone-based-system-to-support-self-management-of-hypertension-patients-and-professionals-perspectives
#9
Inger Hallberg, Agneta Ranerup, Ulrika Bengtsson, Karin Kjellgren
Background: A well-controlled blood pressure (BP) reduces cardiovascular complications. Patient participation in care using technology may improve the current situation of only 13.8% of adults diagnosed with hypertension worldwide having their BP under control. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore patients' and professionals' experiences of and expectations for an interactive mobile phone-based system to support self-management of hypertension. Methods: The self-management system consists of: 1) a mobile phone platform for self-reports, motivational messages and reminders; 2) a device for measuring BP and 3) graphical feedback of self-reports...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643051/how-mobile-app-design-impacts-user-responses-to-mixed-self-tracking-outcomes-randomized-online-experiment-to-explore-the-role-of-spatial-distance-for-hedonic-editing
#10
Monika Imschloss, Jana Lorenz
BACKGROUND: Goal setting is among the most common behavioral change techniques employed in contemporary self-tracking apps. For these techniques to be effective, it is relevant to understand how the visual presentation of goal-related outcomes employed in the app design affects users' responses to their self-tracking outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether a spatially close (vs distant) presentation of mixed positive and negative self-tracking outcomes from multiple domains (ie, activity, diet) on a digital device's screen can provide users the opportunity to hedonically edit their self-tracking outcome profile (ie, to view their mixed self-tracking outcomes in the most positive light)...
April 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642722/the-personality-motivational-and-need-based-background-of-problematic-tinder-use
#11
Gábor Orosz, Mária Benyó, Bernadett Berkes, Edina Nikoletti, Éva Gál, István Tóth-Király, Beáta Bőthe
Background and aims Tinder is a geo-located online dating application, which is present in almost 200 countries and has 10 million daily users. The aim of the present research was to investigate the motivational, personality, and basic psychological need-related background of problematic Tinder use. Methods After qualitative pretest and item construction, in Study 1 (N = 414), confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to corroborate the different motivational factors behind Tinder use. In Study 2 (N = 346), the associations between Big Five traits, Tinder motivations, and problematic Tinder use were examined with structural equation modeling (SEM)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642707/an-integrated-motivational-interviewing-and-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-promoting-physical-activity-maintenance-for-adults-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-feasibility-study
#12
Sarah E Scott, Jeff D Breckon, Robert J Copeland
Objectives Physical activity is recommended for managing chronic health conditions but is rarely maintained. This feasibility study aimed to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of a motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural intervention for long-term physical activity for adults with chronic health conditions. Methods Participants ( N = 37) with stable conditions (e.g. diabetes) were randomized into a three-month motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural group ( N = 20) or usual care ( N = 17) after completing a physical activity referral scheme...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642500/antibacterial-free-fatty-acids-and-monoglycerides-biological-activities-experimental-testing-and-therapeutic-applications
#13
REVIEW
Bo Kyeong Yoon, Joshua A Jackman, Elba R Valle-González, Nam-Joon Cho
Antimicrobial lipids such as fatty acids and monoglycerides are promising antibacterial agents that destabilize bacterial cell membranes, causing a wide range of direct and indirect inhibitory effects. The goal of this review is to introduce the latest experimental approaches for characterizing how antimicrobial lipids destabilize phospholipid membranes within the broader scope of introducing current knowledge about the biological activities of antimicrobial lipids, testing strategies, and applications for treating bacterial infections...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629841/self-efficacy-and-planning-strategies-can-improve-physical-activity-levels-in-women-with-a-recent-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Rohan Jayasuriya, N Wah Cheung, Ralf Schwarzer
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of developing diabetes in high risk populations including in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study applied the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) to determine the motivational and volitional factors important in increasing physical activity among women with previous GDM. METHODS: Women with GDM receiving obstetric care at a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka were invited to participate in a survey 6-36 months post-delivery...
April 9, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629073/construction-of-an-autonomously-concatenated-hybridization-chain-reaction-for-signal-amplification-and-intracellular-imaging
#15
Jie Wei, Xue Gong, Qing Wang, Min Pan, Xiaoqing Liu, Jing Liu, Fan Xia, Fuan Wang
Biomolecular self-assembly has spurred substantial research efforts for the development of low-cost point-of-care diagnostics. Herein, we introduce an isothermal enzyme-free concatenated hybridization chain reaction (C-HCR), in which the output of the upstream hybridization chain reaction (HCR-1) layer acts as an intermediate input to activate the downstream hybridization chain reaction (HCR-2) layer. The initiator motivates HCR-1 through the autonomous cross-opening of two functional DNA hairpins, yielding polymeric dsDNA nanowires composed of numerous tandem triggers T as output of the primary sensing event...
January 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629032/comparison-of-body-image-perception-nutrition-knowledge-dietary-attitudes-and-dietary-habits-between-korean-and-mongolian-college-students
#16
Zolzaya Erdenebileg, So Hyun Park, Kyung Ja Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: College students are in transition from adolescence to adulthood, and it has been reported that they show poor dietary habits. This study was conducted to compare body image perception, nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits, and health-related lifestyles between Korean college students (KCS) and Mongolian college students (MCS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Subjects were 314 KCS and 280 MCS. The data includes results of self-administered questionnaires; statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 23...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627267/self-management-education-for-rehabilitation-inpatients-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Karin Meng, Andrea Reusch, Gunda Musekamp, Bettina Seekatz, Bettina Zietz, Gero Steimann, Robert Altstidl, Günter Haug, Ulrike Worringen, Hermann Faller
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate generic self-management modules (SelMa) as an adjunct to disease-specific educational programs during inpatient medical rehabilitation. METHODS: A bi-center cluster-randomized controlled trial with 698 patients with coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome, or inflammatory bowel disease was conducted. We compared two versions of SelMa, a group with 3 h or a lecture with 1 h, respectively, in addition to disease-related patient education, to usual care (only disease-related education)...
March 30, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626728/using-models-of-farmer-behavior-to-inform-eutrophication-policy-in-the-great-lakes
#18
Robyn S Wilson, Derek A Schlea, Chelsie M W Boles, Todd M Redder
To address the management of eutrophication in aquatic systems, the behavioral mechanisms that drive change at the individual level must be considered when designing policy interventions. This analysis identifies the beliefs that are critical to behavioral change, and explores the likelihood that farmers will adopt two management practices believed to be critical to reducing nutrient loading to recommended levels in Lake Erie. We find that there is potential for farmers to adopt key infield practices needed to reduce nutrient inputs...
March 27, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626552/smoking-cessation-intervention-delivered-by-social-service-organisations-for-a-diverse-population-of-australian-disadvantaged-smokers-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Billie Bonevski, Laura Twyman, Christine Paul, Catherine D'Este, Robert West, Mohammad Siahpush, Christopher Oldmeadow, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVES: There remains a need to identify effective smoking cessation interventions in severely disadvantaged populations. This trial aimed to examine the effectiveness of an intervention (Call it Quits) developed to promote smoking cessation and delivered by community social service case-workers. METHODS: Call it Quits was a pragmatic, parallel randomised trial of a case-worker delivered smoking cessation intervention conducted in a non-government community social service organisation in New South Wales (NSW), Australia...
April 4, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626342/a-neuroscientific-perspective-on-basic-psychological-needs
#20
Johnmarshall Reeve, Woogul Lee
OBJECTIVE: Self-determination theory's (SDT) most basic propositions are, first, that all people possess an inherent set of psychological needs and, second, that autonomy, competence, and relatedness are the three critical psychological satisfactions needed to maintain and promote personal growth and well-being. In this paper, we identify the neural basis of the psychological needs and, in doing so, seek to advance the integration of SDT and neuroscience. METHOD: We examine the neural underpinnings of SDT-based motivational states and traits for autonomy, competence, and relatedness...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Personality
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