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Alcohol athlete

Maria Beatriz Brisola-Santos, João Guilherme de Mello E Gallinaro, Felipe Gil, Bernardo Sampaio-Junior, Matheus Cheibub David Marin, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Kimber Paschall Richter, Ira David Glick, Danilo Antonio Baltieri, João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite scientific evidence that marijuana impairs performance and mental health, there is evidence that some athletes are at higher risk for use. This review aims to identify possible risk factors associated with marijuana use in athletes. METHODS: A search was conducted in the PubMed database with the keywords: (marijuana OR cannabis OR tetrahydrocannabinol OR delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol OR THC) AND (sports OR sport OR athlete OR athletes)...
October 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Kelley E C Massengale, Alice Ma, Kelly L Rulison, Jeffrey J Milroy, David L Wyrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe first-year college student-athletes' friendship contexts and test whether their perceptions of alcohol use and approval by different types of friends are associated with their own alcohol use. PARTICIPANTS: First-year student-athletes (N = 2,622) from 47 colleges and universities participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during February-March 2013. METHODS: Student-athletes completed online surveys during the baseline assessment of an alcohol and other drug prevention program evaluation...
September 9, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Breton M Asken, Molly J Sullan, Aliyah R Snyder, Zachary M Houck, Vaughn E Bryant, Loren P Hizel, Molly E McLaren, Duane E Dede, Michael S Jaffee, Steven T DeKosky, Russell M Bauer
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neuropathologically defined disease reportedly linked to a history of repetitive brain trauma. As such, retired collision sport athletes are likely at heightened risk for developing CTE. Researchers have described distinct pathological features of CTE as well a wide range of clinical symptom presentations, recently termed traumatic encephalopathy syndrome (TES). These clinical symptoms are highly variable, non-specific to individuals described as having CTE pathology in case reports, and are often associated with many other factors...
August 25, 2016: Neuropsychology Review
Maria Gacek
BACKGROUND: Many studies documented an increase in the alcohol consumption among athletes, particularly among representatives of some disciplines, such as team sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyse the consumption of alcohol beverages among Polish elite team sport athletes, depending on their sex, age and selected personality traits (general self-efficacy and health locus of control). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 517 Polish team sport athletes (251 women an 266 men)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
Felipe Gil, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, João Maurício Castaldelli-Maia
The consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs has become a concern in high-performance athletes. Professional athletes are more exposed to drugs than the general population. Although some drugs are unquestionably detrimental to performance, several studies have nevertheless shown evidence of increased consumption of these substances within this sub-population. This review aimed to elucidate alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, cannabis, and opioid use among high-performance athletes, discussing the prevalence of substance use, its impacts, and alternatives to treatment in this special population...
August 18, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
L Mos, C Fania, F Saladini, A Mazzer, S Cozzio, A Bortolazzi, G Garavelli, E Casiglia, P Palatini
OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has been found to predict the risk of cardiovascular events (CVE) in hypertension. Aim of the present study was to ascertain whether the strength of the coffee-CVE association is modulated by regular physical activity. DESIGN AND METHOD: The analysis was made in 1204 participants from the HARVEST, a prospective cohort study of non-diabetic subjects aged 18-45 years, screened for stage 1 hypertension. Among the participants, 26.2% were abstainers, 62...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nannet Schuring, Haruhito Aoki, Janine Gray, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Mike Lambert, Vincent Gouttebarge
PURPOSE: The primary aim was to establish the association between osteoarthritis (OA) and the occurrence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD: distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use) in a group of former elite athletes (rugby, football, ice hockey, Gaelic sports and cricket). A secondary aim was to explore this association in the subgroups of sports. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was performed on the baseline questionnaires from five prospective cohort studies conducted between April 2014 and January 2016 in former elite athletes of rugby, football, ice hockey, Gaelic sports and cricket...
August 3, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti, Johnny Padulo, Nicola L Bragazzi, Nicola Maffulli
Sexual activity before competition has been considered as a possible cause for reduced performance since ancient Greece and Rome. Recently, the hypothesis that optimal sport performance could be influenced by a variety of factors including sexual activity before competition has been investigated. However, few scientific data are available, with the exception of anecdotal reports of individual experiences. The present systematic review focused on the current scientific evidence on the effects of sexual activity on sport performance regardless of sport type...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Wendy L Watson, Rebecca Brunner, Lyndal Wellard, Clare Hughes
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the nature and extent of unhealthy food, beverage, alcohol and gambling sponsors of children's sport development programs. METHODS: Websites of junior development sport programs (n=56) associated with sporting organisations that received funding from the Australian Sporting Commission were analysed. Sponsors were considered unhealthy if they were alcohol or gambling companies or sold food and/or beverages that failed independent nutrition criteria...
August 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Adele Minutillo, Roberta Pacifici, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Ilaria Palmi, Claudia Mortali, Luisa Mastrobattista, Paolo Berretta
INTRODUCTION: Gender disparity in different fields of addiction such as tobacco smoking, alcohol use, drugs of abuse consumption and doping practice has been investigated in Italian population. METHODS: We used the surveys and studies carried out for the above reported issues in recent years as revised by the "National Observatory on Tobacco smoke, Drugs of abuse, Alcohol and Doping" at Istituto Superiore di Sanità. RESULTS: Concerning tobacco habit, the trend of smoking women has been in constant decrease from a 19...
April 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Mauricio Castro-Sepulveda, Neil Johannsen, Sebastián Astudillo, Carlos Jorquera, Cristian Álvarez, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo
Fluid and electrolyte status have a significant impact on physical performance and health. Pre-exercise recommendations cite the possibility of consuming beverages with high amounts of sodium. In this sense, non-alcoholic beer can be considered an effective pre-exercise hydration beverage. This double-blind, randomized study aimed to compare the effect of beer, non-alcoholic beer and water consumption before exercise on fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Seven male soccer players performed 45 min of treadmill running at 65% of the maximal heart rate, 45 min after ingesting 0...
2016: Nutrients
Maryam Ameri, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Azadeh Memarian, Payam Balvayeh
Fatty liver disease (FLD) is the most prevalent form of liver disease worldwide. Overnutrition can induce nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a spectrum of conditions ranging from simple steatosis [or nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL)] to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. Some of the epidemiological and pathological studies have also suggested an association between the presence of fatty liver and sudden death. A 37-year-old man was found dead when he was asleep in the bed at home. According to his family, he was single and a costermonger...
April 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
Raj Kumar Thapa, Ju Yeon Choi, Toe Gyung Go, Min Hyung Kang, Sang Duk Han, Joon-Ho Jun, Mi Won Son, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Onychomycosis is a prevailing disease caused by fungal infection of nails that mostly affects athletes and the elderly. Ciclopirox is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the topical treatment of onychomycosis. However, the desired penetration of ciclopirox into the nail bed has not been achieved via topical application for efficient treatment. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to enhance ciclopirox permeation and retention in nail by the development of a new nail lacquer formulation...
July 2016: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Erek Majka, Travis Graves, Vanessa A Diaz, Marty S Player, Lori M Dickerson, Jennifer K Gavin, Andrea Wessell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening adults for alcohol misuse, a challenge among young adults who may not have regular primary care. The pre-participation evaluation (PPE) provides an opportunity for screening, but traditional screening tools require extra time in an already busy visit. The objective of this study was to compare the 10-item Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) with a single-question alcohol misuse screen in a population of college-aged athletes...
May 2016: Family Medicine
Vincent Gouttebarge, Johannes L Tol, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders among elite Gaelic athletes is lacking. Consequently, this study aimed to (i) determine the prevalence, comorbidity and 6-month incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use) among elite Gaelic athletes and (ii) evaluate their association with potential stressors (severe musculoskeletal injuries, surgeries, recent life events, career dissatisfaction)...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
María Del Pilar Ramírez-Góngora, Franklyn Edwin Prieto-Alvarado
Participation in amateur street marathons has become increasingly popular and requires prior individual health risk assessment. The objective was to identify risk factors and readiness in registered runners. This was a cross-sectional study in a random sample (n = 510) of registered amateur runners 18-64 years of age, using a digital survey with IPAQ, Par-Q+, and STEPwise, with an expected physical inactivity rate of 35% (±5%). The study explored physical activity, (binge) alcohol consumption, fruit, vegetable, and salt intake, smoking, and readiness...
2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Tracy E Herring, Byron L Zamboanga, Janine V Olthuis, Ivan Jacob Agaloos Pesigan, Jessica L Martin, Nicholas W McAfee, Matthew P Martens
Research suggests that high school athletes are at greater risk for heavy alcohol use and alcohol-related problems than their non-athlete peers. Drinking motives unique to the athletic experience may contribute to elevated use. The Athlete Drinking Scale (ADS) was designed to assess sport-related motives for alcohol use, but has not yet been validated among high school athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the ADS among a sample of high school athletes. Participants were 216 high school student-athlete drinkers who completed anonymous self-report surveys...
September 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Mia Peric, Natasa Zenic, Damir Sekulic, Miran Kondric, Petra Zaletel
BACKGROUND: Substance use and misuse (SUM), eating disorders (ED) and consequent amenorrhea (AM) occur frequently in professional ballet dancing. The objective of this study has been to explore the prevalence and association between ED, AM and SUM in ballet. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 21 ballet dancers, 23.1±4.5 years old, members of the professional National Ballet Ensemble from Croatia. Variables were collected by questionnaires examining SUM, occurrence of amenorrhea, and corresponding ballet-specific and socio-demographic factors (Questionnaire on Substance Use - QSU) and the level of ED (Brief Eating Disorder in Athletes Questionnaire - BEDA-Q)...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Romy Lauche, Peter M Wayne, Gustav Dobos, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence, patterns, and predictors of t'ai chi and qigong use in the U.S. general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n = 34,525). Weighted frequencies were used to analyze lifetime and 12-month prevalence and patterns of use. Independent predictors of practice were analyzed by using logistic regression models. Analyzes were conducted in 2015...
April 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Philip Veliz, Quyen Epstein-Ngo, Jennifer Zdroik, Carol J Boyd, Sean Esteban McCabe
BACKGROUND: The empirical research examining substance use among sexual minority collegiate athletes is sparse. Problematically, this group may be at a greater risk of substance use due to their marginalized status within the context of sport. OBJECTIVES: We examined different types of substance use during the past 30 days, and diagnosis of substance use disorders during the past 12 months, among sexual minority collegiate athletes. METHODS: This study uses data from college students for the fall semester between 2008 and 2012 from the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment...
2016: Substance Use & Misuse
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