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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212449/energy-intake-and-energy-expenditure-of-pre-professional-female-contemporary-dancers
#1
Meghan A Brown, Glyn Howatson, Edel Quin, Emma Redding, Emma J Stevenson
Many athletes in aesthetic and weight dependent sports are at risk of energy imbalance. However little is known about the exercise and eating behaviours of highly trained dance populations. This investigation sought to determine the energy intake and energy expenditure of pre-professional female contemporary dancers. Twenty-five female contemporary dance students completed the study. Over a 7-day period, including five week days (with scheduled dance training at a conservatoire) and two weekend days (with no scheduled dance training at the conservatoire), energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24 h dietary recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192828/mr-spectroscopy-findings-in-retired-professional-rugby-league-players
#2
Andrew J Gardner, Grant L Iverson, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Christopher R Levi, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Peter W Schofield, Ross Zafonte, Sandy R Shultz, Alexander P Lin, Peter Stanwell
The aim of this study was to examine brain neurometabolite concentrations in retired rugby league players who had a history of numerous self-reported concussions. Participants were 16 retired professional rugby league players (ages 30-45 years) with an extensive history of concussion and participation in contact sports, and 16 age- and education-matched controls who had no history of neurotrauma or participation in contact sports. All completed a clinical interview, psychological and cognitive testing, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) investigation...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167303/psychological-and-lifestyle-factors-that-influence-the-serial-reporting-of-post-concussive-like-symptoms-in-a-non-concussed-population
#3
Arun Prasad Balasundaram, Josie Athens, Anthony Gerard Schneiders, Paul McCrory, Stephen John Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Symptoms related to concussion are generally found to be non-specific in nature as they are also reported by non-concussed individuals. What is currently not known is whether the symptoms vary over time, and whether they are also influenced by a multitude of factors. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential influence of psychological, lifestyle, and situational factors on the change in postconcussion-like symptoms reported over seven consecutive days in a cohort of normal individuals...
February 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126906/optimizing-the-restoration-and-maintenance-of-fluid-balance-after-exercise-induced-dehydration
#4
Gethin Hywel Evans, Lewis John James, Susan Margaret Shirreffs, Ronald J Maughan
Hypohydration, or a body water deficit, is a common occurrence in athletes and recreational exercisers following the completion of an exercise session. For those who will undertake a further exercise session that day, it is important to replace water losses to avoid beginning the next exercise session hypohydrated and the potential detrimental effects on performance that this may lead to. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the research related to factors that may affect post-exercise rehydration...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107218/depression-anxiety-and-alcohol-use-in-elite-rugby-league-players-over-a-competitive-season
#5
Etienne J Du Preez, Kenneth S Graham, Thomas Y Gan, Bassam Moses, Chris Ball, Donald E Kuah
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and rates of alcohol misuse in elite rugby league players in Australasia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study with repeated measures. SETTING: Surveys were conducted during the 2015 preseason and in-season. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred four elite rugby league players participated preseason and 278 players in-season. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Symptoms of depression were measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 scale, symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) with the GAD-7 scale, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test Consumption scale was used to assess hazardous alcohol use...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009539/sexual-temptation-substance-abuse-no-sex-safe-sex-risky-sex-and-stds
#6
Toto Sutarso, Thomas Li-Ping Tang, Denny R Anerin, Intan W S McCartt, Courtney B Gibson
BACKGROUND: University students' substance abuse and risky sex contribute to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). PURPOSE: We develop and empirically test a formative theoretical model of sexual temptation involving substance abuse (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana), safe sexual behavior (use of condom/barrier for oral and vaginal intercourse), risky sexual behavior (unprotected sex and multiple sexual partners), and STDs: gonorrhea, HIV, and genital herpes. We simultaneously explore these constructs, controlling membership in social groups (fraternity/sorority, varsity athlete, and club sports) and perceived norm of substance abuse...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917487/teachers-and-coaches-in-adolescent-social-networks-are-associated-with-healthier-self-concept-and-decreased-substance-use
#7
Rebecca N Dudovitz, Paul J Chung, Mitchell D Wong
BACKGROUND: Poor academic (eg, "I am a bad student") and behavioral (eg, "I am a troublemaker") self-concepts are strongly linked to adolescent substance use. Social networks likely influence self-concept. However, little is understood about the role teachers and athletic coaches play in shaping both academic and behavioral self-concepts. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional surveys of 929 9th-12th grade low-income minority adolescents in Los Angeles assessing self-concept, social networks, and 30-day use of alcohol, marijuana and other drugs...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911669/bidirectional-relations-between-different-forms-of-prosocial-behaviors-and-substance-use-among-female-college-student-athletes
#8
Alexandra N Davis, Gustavo Carlo, Sam Hardy, Janine Olthius, Byron L Zamboanga
Bidirectional, longitudinal relations between alcohol and marijuana use and prosocial behaviors in women college student athletes were examined. Participants were 187 female college students (Mage = 19.87 years; 91% White) who completed questionnaires on their use of marijuana and alcohol, and six forms of prosocial behaviors across 6 years (2004-2010). The findings yield overall evidence that earlier marijuana use predicted lower levels of most specific forms of prosocial behaviors for women athletes in later young adulthood...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904629/effect-of-various-kinds-of-beverages-on-stress-oxidative-f2-isoprostane-serum-lipid-and-blood-glucose-of-elite-taekwondo-players
#9
Zahra Maghsoudi, Ashfin Shiranian, Gholamreza Askai, Reza Ghaisvand
BACKGROUND: Athletes' recovery is important in improving their performance. Nutritional strategies can be effective in enhancing recovery rate. Choosing the best food items in appropriate intervals can play effective roles in resynthesis of fuels and recovery of muscle injury. Beverage micro and macronutrient content are helpful in fuel restoration. In this study, we assess the effects of various kinds of beverages on oxidative stress, muscle injury, and metabolic risk factors in taekwondo players...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894209/the-prevalence-and-risk-indicators-of-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-current-and-former-dutch-elite-athletes
#10
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among current and former Dutch elite athletes, and to explore the inference between potential risk indicators (severe injury, surgery, life events, sport career dissatisfaction, social support) and the outcomes measures under investigation. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study among 203 current and 282 former elite Dutch athletes (response rate: 28% among current athletes and 95% among former athletes)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891737/role-of-resistance-physical-exercise-in-preventing-testicular-damage-caused-by-chronic-ethanol-consumption-in-uchb-rats
#11
Gessica Dutra Gonçalves, Nichelle Antunes Vieira, Henrique Rodrigues Vieira, Aline Dias Valério, Gláucia Elóisa Munhoz de Lion Siervo, Patricia Fernanda Felipe Pinheiro, Francisco Eduardo Martinez, Flávia Alessandra Guarnier, Giovana Rampazzo Teixeira, Glaura Scantamburlo Alves Fernandes
Ethanol consumption is associated with spermatogenesis damage and testosterone level alterations. Alcohol remains the most commonly used substance among athletes and sports enthusiasts. This study evaluated whether resistance physical exercise can reduce the testicular damage caused by ethanol exposure. A total of 36 ethanol drinking (UChB) rats were divided into four groups: C (control rats), ETOH (ethanol consumption), ETOH + T (ethanol consumption + physical training), and T (group physical training)...
November 28, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815395/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-like-abnormalities-in-a-routine-neuropathology-service
#12
Shawna Noy, Sherry Krawitz, Marc R Del Bigio
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) has been described mainly in professional athletes and military personnel and is characterized by deposition of hyperphosphorylated tau at the depths of cortical sulci and around blood vessels. To assess CTE-like changes in a routine neuropathology service, we prospectively examined 111 brains (age 18-60 years). The presence of tau-immunoreactive deposits was staged using guidelines described by others and was correlated with the medical history. 72/111 cases were negative for CTE-like changes; 34/111 were CTE stage <1; 3/111 were CTE stage 1; and 2/111 were CTE stage 2...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797701/racial-disparities-in-substance-use-by-sport-participation-among-high-school-students
#13
Mike C Parent, Tyler C Bradstreet, Margaret Piper, Travis Brace, Thomas J Parkman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between team sport participation and substance use, and racial/ ethnic disparities, among U.S. adolescents. METHOD: Data from 6,721 male and 6,761 female high school students in the 2013 Youth Behavior Risk Survey were used. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between team sport participation and substance use across gender and race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Among males, participation in team sports was associated with increased risk for use of smokeless tobacco (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787336/use-of-alcohol-and-alcohol-related-morbidity-in-finnish-former-elite-athletes
#14
Titta Katariina Kontro, Seppo Sarna, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala
INTRODUCTION: The effect of a history of competitive sports on later use of alcohol and occurrence of alcohol-related diseases is poorly known. We investigated how a history of elite level sports was associated with alcohol consumption in middle-age and with alcohol-related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: The occurrence of alcohol-related diseases and deaths were followed using national registers from 1970 to 2008 among Finnish male former elite athletes (n = 2202) and matched controls (n = 1403) alive in 1970 (mean age = 45...
March 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777542/gender-differences-and-access-to-a-sports-dietitian-influence-dietary-habits-of-collegiate-athletes
#15
Michael V Hull, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Deanna R Busteed, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) on athletes' dietary habits and nutrient periodization, which is the deliberate manipulation of macronutrient intake to match training goals. Further, the difference in dietary habits between men and women collegiate athletes has been understudied. A survey questionnaire examining dietary habits and practices was administered to athletes at two universities that employed a full time SD. Not all athletes used the SD as their primary source for nutritional guidance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771523/it-isn-t-all-just-fun-and-games-collegiate-participation-in-extracurricular-activities-and-risk-for-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-psychological-distress-and-alcohol-use
#16
Meredith McGinley, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
Collegiate extracurricular activities, despite their benefits, may place students at an increased risk for experiencing harassment. This study utilizes multiple waves of data from an online longitudinal survey to examine how participation in college activities (intramural sports, fraternities/sororities, school clubs) relates to experiences of sexual and generalized harassment and outcomes (psychological distress, heavy alcohol use) among undergraduates (N = 1852, 58.6% female, 57.4% White) in the Midwestern United States...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629700/prevalence-and-correlates-of-cannabis-use-among-athletes-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Maria Beatriz Brisola-Santos, João Guilherme de Mello E Gallinaro, Felipe Gil, Bernardo Sampaio-Junior, Matheus Cheibub David Marin, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Kimber Paschall Richter, Ira David Glick, Danilo Antonio Baltieri, João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite scientific evidence that marijuana impairs performance and mental health, there is evidence that some athletes are at higher risk for use. This review aims to identify possible risk factors associated with marijuana use in athletes. METHODS: A search was conducted in the PubMed database with the keywords: (marijuana OR cannabis OR tetrahydrocannabinol OR delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol OR THC) AND (sports OR sport OR athlete OR athletes)...
October 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610821/perceived-norms-and-alcohol-use-among-first-year-college-student-athletes-different-types-of-friends
#18
Kelley E C Massengale, Alice Ma, Kelly L Rulison, Jeffrey J Milroy, David L Wyrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe first-year college student-athletes' friendship contexts and test whether their perceptions of alcohol use and approval by different types of friends are associated with their own alcohol use. PARTICIPANTS: First-year student-athletes (N = 2,622) from 47 colleges and universities participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during February-March 2013. METHODS: Student-athletes completed online surveys during the baseline assessment of an alcohol and other drug prevention program evaluation...
January 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561662/factors-influencing-clinical-correlates-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-cte-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Breton M Asken, Molly J Sullan, Aliyah R Snyder, Zachary M Houck, Vaughn E Bryant, Loren P Hizel, Molly E McLaren, Duane E Dede, Michael S Jaffee, Steven T DeKosky, Russell M Bauer
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neuropathologically defined disease reportedly linked to a history of repetitive brain trauma. As such, retired collision sport athletes are likely at heightened risk for developing CTE. Researchers have described distinct pathological features of CTE as well a wide range of clinical symptom presentations, recently termed traumatic encephalopathy syndrome (TES). These clinical symptoms are highly variable, non-specific to individuals described as having CTE pathology in case reports, and are often associated with many other factors...
December 2016: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546323/selected-personality-related-determinants-of-alcohol-beverage-consumption-among-polish-elite-team-sport-athletes
#20
Maria Gacek
BACKGROUND: Many studies documented an increase in the alcohol consumption among athletes, particularly among representatives of some disciplines, such as team sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyse the consumption of alcohol beverages among Polish elite team sport athletes, depending on their sex, age and selected personality traits (general self-efficacy and health locus of control). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 517 Polish team sport athletes (251 women an 266 men)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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