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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917487/teachers-and-coaches-in-adolescent-social-networks-are-associated-with-healthier-self-concept-and-decreased-substance-use
#1
Rebecca N Dudovitz, Paul J Chung, Mitchell D Wong
BACKGROUND: Poor academic (eg, "I am a bad student") and behavioral (eg, "I am a troublemaker") self-concepts are strongly linked to adolescent substance use. Social networks likely influence self-concept. However, little is understood about the role teachers and athletic coaches play in shaping both academic and behavioral self-concepts. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional surveys of 929 9th-12th grade low-income minority adolescents in Los Angeles assessing self-concept, social networks, and 30-day use of alcohol, marijuana and other drugs...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911669/bidirectional-relations-between-different-forms-of-prosocial-behaviors-and-substance-use-among-female-college-student-athletes
#2
Alexandra N Davis, Gustavo Carlo, Sam Hardy, Janine Olthius, Byron L Zamboanga
Bidirectional, longitudinal relations between alcohol and marijuana use and prosocial behaviors in women college student athletes were examined. Participants were 187 female college students (Mage = 19.87 years; 91% White) who completed questionnaires on their use of marijuana and alcohol, and six forms of prosocial behaviors across 6 years (2004-2010). The findings yield overall evidence that earlier marijuana use predicted lower levels of most specific forms of prosocial behaviors for women athletes in later young adulthood...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904629/effect-of-various-kinds-of-beverages-on-stress-oxidative-f2-isoprostane-serum-lipid-and-blood-glucose-of-elite-taekwondo-players
#3
Zahra Maghsoudi, Ashfin Shiranian, Gholamreza Askai, Reza Ghaisvand
BACKGROUND: Athletes' recovery is important in improving their performance. Nutritional strategies can be effective in enhancing recovery rate. Choosing the best food items in appropriate intervals can play effective roles in resynthesis of fuels and recovery of muscle injury. Beverage micro and macronutrient content are helpful in fuel restoration. In this study, we assess the effects of various kinds of beverages on oxidative stress, muscle injury, and metabolic risk factors in taekwondo players...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894209/the-prevalence-and-risk-indicators-of-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-current-and-former-dutch-elite-athletes
#4
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among current and former Dutch elite athletes, and to explore the inference between potential risk indicators (severe injury, surgery, life events, sport career dissatisfaction, social support) and the outcomes measures under investigation. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study among 203 current and 282 former elite Dutch athletes (response rate: 28% among current athletes and 95% among former athletes)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891737/role-of-resistance-physical-exercise-in-preventing-testicular-damage-caused-by-chronic-ethanol-consumption-in-uchb-rats
#5
Gessica Dutra Gonçalves, Nichelle Antunes Vieira, Henrique Rodrigues Vieira, Aline Dias Valério, Gláucia Elóisa Munhoz de Lion Siervo, Patricia Fernanda Felipe Pinheiro, Francisco Eduardo Martinez, Flávia Alessandra Guarnier, Giovana Rampazzo Teixeira, Glaura Scantamburlo Alves Fernandes
Ethanol consumption is associated with spermatogenesis damage and testosterone level alterations. Alcohol remains the most commonly used substance among athletes and sports enthusiasts. This study evaluated whether resistance physical exercise can reduce the testicular damage caused by ethanol exposure. A total of 36 ethanol drinking (UChB) rats were divided into four groups: C (control rats), ETOH (ethanol consumption), ETOH + T (ethanol consumption + physical training), and T (group physical training)...
November 28, 2016: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815395/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-like-abnormalities-in-a-routine-neuropathology-service
#6
Shawna Noy, Sherry Krawitz, Marc R Del Bigio
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) has been described mainly in professional athletes and military personnel and is characterized by deposition of hyperphosphorylated tau at the depths of cortical sulci and around blood vessels. To assess CTE-like changes in a routine neuropathology service, we prospectively examined 111 brains (age 18-60 years). The presence of tau-immunoreactive deposits was staged using guidelines described by others and was correlated with the medical history. 72/111 cases were negative for CTE-like changes; 34/111 were CTE stage <1; 3/111 were CTE stage 1; and 2/111 were CTE stage 2...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797701/racial-disparities-in-substance-use-by-sport-participation-among-high-school-students
#7
Mike C Parent, Tyler C Bradstreet, Margaret Piper, Travis Brace, Thomas J Parkman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between team sport participation and substance use, and racial/ ethnic disparities, among U.S. adolescents. METHOD: Data from 6,721 male and 6,761 female high school students in the 2013 Youth Behavior Risk Survey were used. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between team sport participation and substance use across gender and race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Among males, participation in team sports was associated with increased risk for use of smokeless tobacco (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787336/use-of-alcohol-and-alcohol-related-morbidity-in-finnish-former-elite-athletes
#8
Titta K Kontro, Seppo Sarna, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala
INTRODUCTION: The impact of a history of competitive sports on later use of alcohol and occurrence of alcohol-related diseases is poorly known. We investigated how a history of elite level sports was associated with alcohol consumption in middle-age and with alcohol-related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Occurrence of alcohol-related diseases and deaths were followed using national registers from 1970 to 2008 among Finnish male former elite athletes (n=2202) and matched controls (n=1403) alive in 1970 (mean age 45...
October 27, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777542/gender-differences-and-access-to-a-sports-dietitian-influence-dietary-habits-of-collegiate-athletes
#9
Michael V Hull, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Deanna R Busteed, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: Limited research exists on the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) on athletes' dietary habits and nutrient periodization, which is the deliberate manipulation of macronutrient intake to match training goals. Further, the difference in dietary habits between men and women collegiate athletes has been understudied. A survey questionnaire examining dietary habits and practices was administered to athletes at two universities that employed a full time SD. Not all athletes used the SD as their primary source for nutritional guidance...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771523/it-isn-t-all-just-fun-and-games-collegiate-participation-in-extracurricular-activities-and-risk-for-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-psychological-distress-and-alcohol-use
#10
Meredith McGinley, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
Collegiate extracurricular activities, despite their benefits, may place students at an increased risk for experiencing harassment. This study utilizes multiple waves of data from an online longitudinal survey to examine how participation in college activities (intramural sports, fraternities/sororities, school clubs) relates to experiences of sexual and generalized harassment and outcomes (psychological distress, heavy alcohol use) among undergraduates (N = 1852, 58.6% female, 57.4% White) in the Midwestern United States...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629700/prevalence-and-correlates-of-cannabis-use-among-athletes-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Maria Beatriz Brisola-Santos, João Guilherme de Mello E Gallinaro, Felipe Gil, Bernardo Sampaio-Junior, Matheus Cheibub David Marin, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Kimber Paschall Richter, Ira David Glick, Danilo Antonio Baltieri, João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite scientific evidence that marijuana impairs performance and mental health, there is evidence that some athletes are at higher risk for use. This review aims to identify possible risk factors associated with marijuana use in athletes. METHODS: A search was conducted in the PubMed database with the keywords: (marijuana OR cannabis OR tetrahydrocannabinol OR delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol OR THC) AND (sports OR sport OR athlete OR athletes)...
October 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610821/perceived-norms-and-alcohol-use-among-first-year-college-student-athletes-different-types-of-friends
#12
Kelley E C Massengale, Alice Ma, Kelly L Rulison, Jeffrey J Milroy, David L Wyrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe first-year college student-athletes' friendship contexts and test whether their perceptions of alcohol use and approval by different types of friends are associated with their own alcohol use. PARTICIPANTS: First-year student-athletes (N = 2,622) from 47 colleges and universities participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during February-March 2013. METHODS: Student-athletes completed online surveys during the baseline assessment of an alcohol and other drug prevention program evaluation...
September 9, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561662/factors-influencing-clinical-correlates-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-cte-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Breton M Asken, Molly J Sullan, Aliyah R Snyder, Zachary M Houck, Vaughn E Bryant, Loren P Hizel, Molly E McLaren, Duane E Dede, Michael S Jaffee, Steven T DeKosky, Russell M Bauer
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neuropathologically defined disease reportedly linked to a history of repetitive brain trauma. As such, retired collision sport athletes are likely at heightened risk for developing CTE. Researchers have described distinct pathological features of CTE as well a wide range of clinical symptom presentations, recently termed traumatic encephalopathy syndrome (TES). These clinical symptoms are highly variable, non-specific to individuals described as having CTE pathology in case reports, and are often associated with many other factors...
December 2016: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546323/selected-personality-related-determinants-of-alcohol-beverage-consumption-among-polish-elite-team-sport-athletes
#14
Maria Gacek
BACKGROUND: Many studies documented an increase in the alcohol consumption among athletes, particularly among representatives of some disciplines, such as team sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyse the consumption of alcohol beverages among Polish elite team sport athletes, depending on their sex, age and selected personality traits (general self-efficacy and health locus of control). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 517 Polish team sport athletes (251 women an 266 men)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534440/discussing-prevalence-impacts-and-treatment-of-substance-use-disorders-in-athletes
#15
Felipe Gil, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, João Maurício Castaldelli-Maia
The consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs has become a concern in high-performance athletes. Professional athletes are more exposed to drugs than the general population. Although some drugs are unquestionably detrimental to performance, several studies have nevertheless shown evidence of increased consumption of these substances within this sub-population. This review aimed to elucidate alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, cannabis, and opioid use among high-performance athletes, discussing the prevalence of substance use, its impacts, and alternatives to treatment in this special population...
August 18, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508857/-op-8a-05-regular-physical-activity-attenuates-the-association-between-coffee-consumption-and-cardiovascular-events-in-hypertension-the-harvest
#16
L Mos, C Fania, F Saladini, A Mazzer, S Cozzio, A Bortolazzi, G Garavelli, E Casiglia, P Palatini
OBJECTIVE: Coffee consumption has been found to predict the risk of cardiovascular events (CVE) in hypertension. Aim of the present study was to ascertain whether the strength of the coffee-CVE association is modulated by regular physical activity. DESIGN AND METHOD: The analysis was made in 1204 participants from the HARVEST, a prospective cohort study of non-diabetic subjects aged 18-45 years, screened for stage 1 hypertension. Among the participants, 26.2% were abstainers, 62...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488101/osteoarthritis-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-former-elite-athletes
#17
Nannet Schuring, Haruhito Aoki, Janine Gray, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Mike Lambert, Vincent Gouttebarge
PURPOSE: The primary aim was to establish the association between osteoarthritis (OA) and the occurrence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD: distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use) in a group of former elite athletes (rugby, football, ice hockey, Gaelic sports and cricket). A secondary aim was to explore this association in the subgroups of sports. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was performed on the baseline questionnaires from five prospective cohort studies conducted between April 2014 and January 2016 in former elite athletes of rugby, football, ice hockey, Gaelic sports and cricket...
August 3, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445838/sexual-activity-before-sports-competition-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti, Johnny Padulo, Nicola L Bragazzi, Nicola Maffulli
Sexual activity before competition has been considered as a possible cause for reduced performance since ancient Greece and Rome. Recently, the hypothesis that optimal sport performance could be influenced by a variety of factors including sexual activity before competition has been investigated. However, few scientific data are available, with the exception of anecdotal reports of individual experiences. The present systematic review focused on the current scientific evidence on the effects of sexual activity on sport performance regardless of sport type...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27372883/sponsorship-of-junior-sport-development-programs-in-australia
#19
Wendy L Watson, Rebecca Brunner, Lyndal Wellard, Clare Hughes
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the nature and extent of unhealthy food, beverage, alcohol and gambling sponsors of children's sport development programs. METHODS: Websites of junior development sport programs (n=56) associated with sporting organisations that received funding from the Australian Sporting Commission were analysed. Sponsors were considered unhealthy if they were alcohol or gambling companies or sold food and/or beverages that failed independent nutrition criteria...
August 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364391/gender-disparity-in-addiction-an-italian-epidemiological-sketch
#20
Adele Minutillo, Roberta Pacifici, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Ilaria Palmi, Claudia Mortali, Luisa Mastrobattista, Paolo Berretta
INTRODUCTION: Gender disparity in different fields of addiction such as tobacco smoking, alcohol use, drugs of abuse consumption and doping practice has been investigated in Italian population. METHODS: We used the surveys and studies carried out for the above reported issues in recent years as revised by the "National Observatory on Tobacco smoke, Drugs of abuse, Alcohol and Doping" at Istituto Superiore di Sanità. RESULTS: Concerning tobacco habit, the trend of smoking women has been in constant decrease from a 19...
April 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
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