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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938204/natural-outdoor-environments-and-mental-health-stress-as-a-possible-mechanism
#1
Margarita Triguero-Mas, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Antònia Valentín, David Martínez, Graham Smith, Gemma Hurst, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Daniel Masterson, Magdalena van den Berg, Albert Ambròs, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Audrius Dedele, Naomi Ellis, Tomas Grazulevicius, Martin Voorsmit, Marta Cirach, Judith Cirac-Claveras, Wim Swart, Eddy Clasquin, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Jolanda Maas, Michael Jerret, Regina Gražulevičienė, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher J Gidlow, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Better mental health has been associated with exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE). However, comprehensive studies including several indicators of exposure and outcomes, potential effect modifiers and mediators are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We used novel, objective measures to explore the relationships between exposure to NOE (i.e. residential availability and contact) and different indicators of mental health, and possible modifiers and mediators...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936883/taking-back-a-little-of-what-you-have-lost-the-meaning-of-using-an-environmental-control-system-ecs-for-people-with-high-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Michele Verdonck, Maeve Nolan, Gill Chard
PURPOSE: Assistive technologies have deep and personal meanings for people with disabilities. This study sought to provide an in-depth exploration of the subjective meaning of Environmental Control System (ECS) use for people with high cervical spinal cord injury. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to explore the personal meaning of ECS. In-depth interviews with five participants were analyzed according to recommended IPA guidelines to produce a rich phenomenological account of lived experience...
September 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936821/-forensic-psychiatric-assessment-with-the-claim-of-incitement-solicitation-assistance-to-suicide-and-reinforcement-of-suicide-decision-a-case-report
#3
Altan Eşsizoğlu, Mustafa Sercan
Although the act of suicide is not considered a crime in Turkish Criminal Law, any contribution (incitement, solicitation, assistance and reinforcement of suicide decision) to the commitment of suicide is a crime according to the 84th item. However, the number of cases opened with respect to this item as well as request for forensic psychiatric expertise is very rare. In these cases, forensic psychiatric expertise depends on the psychiatric evaluation of the individual that committed suicide and the analysis of his/her relationship with the person that incited the suicide...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936192/the-intricate-relationship-between-psychotic-like-experiences-and-associated-subclinical-symptoms-in-healthy-individuals
#4
Lui Unterrassner, Thomas A Wyss, Diana Wotruba, Helene Haker, Wulf Rössler
The interplay between subclinical psychotic, negative, and affective symptoms has gained increased attention regarding the etiology of psychosis spectrum and other mental disorders. Importantly, research has tended to not differentiate between different subtypes of psychotic-like experiences (PLE) although they may not have the same significance for mental health. In order to gain information on the subclinical interplay between specific PLE and other symptoms as well as the significance of PLE for mental health, we investigated their specific associations in 206 healthy individuals (20-60 years, 73 females) using correlational and linear regression analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936121/a-mixed-method-study-of-an-education-intervention-to-reduce-use-of-restraint-and-implement-person-centered-dementia-care-in-nursing-homes
#5
Frode F Jacobsen, Tone Elin Mekki, Oddvar Førland, Bjarte Folkestad, Øyvind Kirkevold, Randi Skår, Eva Marie Tveit, Christine Øye
BACKGROUND: People living with dementia in nursing homes are most likely to be restrained. The primary aim of this mixed-method education intervention study was to investigate which factors hindered or facilitated staff awareness related to confidence building initiatives based on person-centred care, as an alternative to restraint in residents with dementia in nursing homes. The education intervention, consisting of a two-day seminar and monthly coaching sessions for six months, targeted nursing staff in 24 nursing homes in Western Norway...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934173/using-upper-extremity-skin-temperatures-to-assess-thermal-comfort-in-office-buildings-in-changsha-china
#6
Zhibin Wu, Nianping Li, Haijiao Cui, Jinqing Peng, Haowen Chen, Penglong Liu
Existing thermal comfort field studies are mainly focused on the relationship between the indoor physical environment and the thermal comfort. In numerous chamber experiments, physiological parameters were adopted to assess thermal comfort, but the experiments' conclusions may not represent a realistic thermal environment due to the highly controlled thermal environment and few occupants. This paper focuses on determining the relationships between upper extremity skin temperatures (i.e., finger, wrist, hand and forearm) and the indoor thermal comfort...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934037/middle-range-theory-coping-and-adaptation-with-active-aging
#7
Martha Elba Salazar-Barajas, Bertha Cecilia Salazar-González, Esther Carlota Gallegos-Cabriales
Various disciplines focus on a multiplicity of aspects of aging: lifestyles, personal biological factors, psychological conditions, health conditions, physical environment, and social and economic factors. The aforementioned are all related to the determinants of active aging. The aim is to describe the development of a middle-range theory based on coping and adaptation with active aging. Concepts and relationships derived from Roy's model of adaptation are included. The proposed concepts are hope, health habits, coping with aging, social relations, and active aging...
October 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933954/criterion-validity-of-the-rorschach-developmental-index-with-children
#8
Ana Cristina Resende, Donald J Viglione, Liliane Domingos Martins, Latife Yazigi
The Rorschach Developmental Index (DI) is a composite measure of psychological development. The aim of this study was to examine the criterion validity of the DI by investigating its relationship with age, nonverbal intelligence, and the impact of institutionalization in a sample of Brazilian children. The sample included 231 children, ages 7 to 11, who were either living with their families or in an institutionalized setting. The results indicated that the DI is strongly associated with nonverbal intelligence...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933953/differential-programming-needs-of-college-students-preferring-web-based-versus-in-person-physical-activity-programs
#9
Stephanie P Goldstein, Evan M Forman, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert
College students report several barriers to exercise, highlighting a need for university-based programs that address these challenges. In contrast to in-person interventions, several web-based programs have been developed to enhance program engagement by increasing ease of access and lowering the necessary level of commitment to participate. Unfortunately, web-based programs continue to struggle with engagement and less-than-ideal outcomes. One explanation for this discrepancy is that different intervention modalities may attract students with distinctive activity patterns, motivators, barriers, and program needs...
September 21, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933608/the-psychological-impact-of-prolonged-disorders-of-consciousness-on-caregivers-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-studies
#10
Sonja M Soeterik, Sarah Connolly, E Diane Playford, Sophie Duport, Afsane Riazi
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of the nature, frequency and severity of psychological experiences of people who have a close relationship with a person with a prolonged disorder of consciousness. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase(®), MEDLINE(®), Allied and Complementary Medicine™, were searched from inceptions until December 2016 with additional hand searching of reference lists of included articles. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included that used quantitative methodologies and psychological measures to investigate experiences...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933566/validation-of-the-messi-among-adult-workers-and-young-students-general-health-and-personality-correlates
#11
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler, Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Ana Adan
The aim of this study was to provide validity for the Spanish version of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability Scale - improved (MESSi), a novel evolved assessment of circadian typology which considers the subjective phase and amplitude by morning affect (MA), eveningness (EV) and distinctness (DI; subjective amplitude) sub-scales. Convergence validity of the MESSi with the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ) and relationships with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and sensitivity to reward and punishment (SR and SP) were analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932912/behavioral-cognitive-and-emotional-coping-strategies-of-women-with-endometriosis-a-critical-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Cristina Zarbo, Agostino Brugnera, Luigi Frigerio, Chiara Malandrino, Massimo Rabboni, Emi Bondi, Angelo Compare
Endometriosis is a disabling and long-term medical condition affecting quality of life and mental health. Behavioral, cognitive, and emotional coping strategies, emotional intelligence, and metacognition could in part explain the link between the disease and impaired psychological and life functioning. This critical narrative review aimed at examining the state of the art of the relationships between endometriosis and these factors. According to PRISMA principles, we performed a systematic search for quantitative and qualitative studies on multiple electronic databases as regards coping strategies, emotional intelligence, and metacognition in women with endometriosis...
September 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931975/correlation-between-sleep-and-psychological-mood-states-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-players-on-a-japanese-national-team
#13
Kenji Tsunoda, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kazushi Hotta, Yukiyo Shimizu, Naruki Kitano, Yasuyoshi Wadano
[Purpose] Although some studies suggest the importance of getting adequate sleep for enhancing mood, there is not yet sufficient evidence on the relationship between sleep and mood states in athletes, especially for athletes with physical disability. The purpose of this study is to reveal relationships between sleep and psychological mood states in female wheelchair basketball players. [Subjects and Methods] Seventeen female wheelchair basketball players (30.9 ± 9.4 years old) on a Japanese national team participated...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931387/psychological-distress-among-medical-students-in-conflicts-a-cross-sectional-study-from-syria
#14
Tareq Al Saadi, Sarah Zaher Addeen, Tarek Turk, Fatima Abbas, Mahmoud Alkhatib
BACKGROUND: Medical education can be a time of great psychological distress for students. The ongoing Syrian conflict represents an additional factor potentially contributing to poor mental health among medical students. Studies revealed high levels of psychological distress among Syrians. We aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of depression, anxiety and stress among medical students at Damascus University during this period of war. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) in addition to questions about demographic and financial characteristics, and questions about the effects of the ongoing war on the participants' lives...
September 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930922/why-and-when-social-support-predicts-older-adults-pain-related-disability-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Marta Matos, Sónia F Bernardes, Liesbet Goubert
Pain-related social support has been shown to be directly associated with pain-related disability, depending on whether it promotes functional autonomy or dependence. However, previous studies mostly relied on cross-sectional methods, precluding conclusions on the temporal relationship between pain-related social support and disability. Also, research on the behavioral and psychological processes that account for such a relationship is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed at investigating the following longitudinally: (1) direct effects of social support for functional autonomy/dependence on pain-related disability, (2) mediating role of physical functioning, pain-related self-efficacy, and fear, and (3) whether pain duration and pain intensity moderate such mediating processes...
October 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930670/post-migration-employment-changes-and-health-a-dyadic-spousal-analysis
#16
Annie Ro, Rachel E Goldberg
Prospective studies have found unemployment and job loss to be associated with negative psychological and physical health outcomes. For immigrants, the health implications of employment change cannot be considered apart from pre-migration experiences. While immigrants demonstrate relative success in securing employment in the United States, their work is often not commensurate with their education or expertise. Previous research has linked downward employment with adverse health outcomes among immigrants, but with gender differences...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930235/current-usage-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-for-breast-cancer-a-narrative-approach-to-the-experiences-of-women-with-breast-cancer-in-australia-a-pilot-study
#17
Dianna Porter, Suzanne Cochrane, Xiaoshu Zhu
Background: The use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) by breast cancer patients is growing. Few studies have examined the complexity of breast cancer survivors' attitudes, lived experiences, barriers, and perceptions in using TCM as part of their treatment journey. This article examines breast cancer survivors' experiences, perceptions of, and benefits (or not) in using TCM. Methods: Qualitative research, using semi-structured interviews, was the chosen methodology. Results: Participants used TCM as a form of self-help and as a complement, not an alternative, to standard care...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930057/tlr4-methylation-moderates-the-relationship-between-alcohol-use-severity-and-gray-matter-loss
#18
Hollis C Karoly, Rachel E Thayer, Sarah L Hagerty, Kent E Hutchison
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are associated with decreased gray matter, and neuroinflammation is one mechanism through which alcohol may confer such damage, given that heavy alcohol use may promote neural damage via activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-mediated inflammatory signaling cascades. We previously demonstrated that TLR4 is differentially methylated in AUD compared with control subjects, and the present study aims to extend this work by examining whether TLR4 methylation moderates the relationship between alcohol use and gray matter...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929996/why-are-psychotic-experiences-associated-with-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviours-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-potential-confounding-and-mediating-factors
#19
E Hielscher, J E DeVylder, S Saha, M Connell, J G Scott
Psychotic experiences (PEs), including hallucination- and delusion-like experiences, are robustly associated with self-injurious thoughts and behaviours (SITB) in the general population. However, it remains unclear as to why there is an association. The purpose of this systematic review was to elucidate the role of other factors that influence the association between PEs and SITB and, in doing so, highlight potential mechanisms underlying the relationship. A search of electronic international databases was undertaken, including PubMed, PsycINFO and EMBASE, and eligible studies were grouped according to seven confounder categories: sociodemographics, mental disorders, alcohol and substance use, environmental, psychological, intervention and family history/genetic factors...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929340/sleep-and-cardio-metabolic-disease
#20
REVIEW
Francesco P Cappuccio, Michelle A Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarises and discusses the epidemiological evidence suggesting a causal relationship between sleep duration and cardio-metabolic risk and outcomes in population. RECENT FINDINGS: Sleep duration is affected by a variety of cultural, social, psychological, behavioural, pathophysiological and environmental influences. Changes in modern society-like longer working hours, more shift-work, 24/7 availability of commodities and 24-h global connectivity-have been associated with a gradual reduction in sleep duration and sleeping patterns across westernised populations...
September 19, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
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