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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636649/factors-associated-with-successful-transition-among-children-with-disabilities-in-eight-european-countries
#1
John Ravenscroft, Kerri Wazny, John M Davis
INTRODUCTION: This research paper aims to assess factors reported by parents associated with the successful transition of children with complex additional support requirements that have undergone a transition between school environments from 8 European Union member states. METHODS: Quantitative data were collected from 306 parents within education systems from 8 EU member states (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, the Netherlands, Romania, Spain and the UK). The data were derived from an online questionnaire and consisted of 41 questions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635984/anxiety-and-depression-associated-with-burden-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-brain-metastases
#2
Marlon G Saria, Natasia S Courchesne, Lorraine Evangelista, Joshua L Carter, Daniel A MacManus, Mary Kay Gorman, Adeline M Nyamathi, Linda R Phillips, David E Piccioni, Santosh Kesari, Sally L Maliski
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe and examine the relationship between caregiver burden and the affective disorders anxiety and depression in caregivers of patients with brain metastases.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational.
. SETTING: Moores Cancer Center at the University of California, San Diego. 
. SAMPLE: 56 family caregivers of patients with brain metastases from solid tumors at other primary sites...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635580/hide-and-sick-self-concealment-shame-and-distress-in-the-setting-of-psycho-oncology
#3
Reut Wertheim, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Noam Pizem, Einat Shacham-Shmueli, Gil Goldzweig
OBJECTIVE: Both trait and contextual self-concealment, as well as shame- and guilt-proneness, have previously been found to be associated with psychological distress. However, findings regarding the associations between these variables among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer are limited. The aim of the current study was therefore to investigate the relationship between shame-proneness and psychological distress (anxiety and depression) by examining the mediating role of both trait and contextual self-concealment among patients with cancer and among the spouses of patients with cancer...
June 21, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635527/whose-fault-is-it-blame-predicting-psychological-adjustment-and-couple-satisfaction-in-couples-seeking-fertility-treatment
#4
Katherine Péloquin, Audrey Brassard, Virginie Arpin, Stéphane Sabourin, John Wright
Infertility bears psychological and relational consequences for couples who face this problem. Few studies have examined the role of self- and partner blaming to explain psychological and relationship adjustment in couple presenting with a fertility problem. This study used a dyadic approach to explore the links between blaming oneself and one's partner and both partners' symptoms of depression and anxiety, and couple satisfaction in 279 couples enrolled in fertility treatments. Partners were questioned about the extent to which they blamed themselves and their partner for the fertility problem...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635083/clinically-distinct-trajectories-of-fatigue-and-their-longitudinal-relationship-with-the-disturbance-of-personal-goals-following-a-cancer-diagnosis
#5
Fabiola Müller, Marrit A Tuinman, Moniek Janse, Josué Almansa, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Ans Smink, Adelita V Ranchor, Joke Fleer, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: Most studies on fatigue in patients with cancer aggregate its prevalence and severity on a group level, ignoring the possibility that subgroups of patients may differ widely in their development of fatigue. This study aimed to identify subgroups of patients with clinically distinct trajectories of fatigue from diagnosis to 18 months post-diagnosis. As fatigue might trigger goal disturbance, the study also identified trajectories of concrete and abstract goal disturbance and longitudinally examined their co-occurrence with fatigue...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634784/attentional-weights-in-vision-as-products-of-spatial-and-nonspatial-components
#6
Maria Nordfang, Camilla Staugaard, Claus Bundesen
The relationship between visual attentional selection of items in particular spatial locations and selection by nonspatial criteria was investigated in a partial report experiment with report of letters (as many as possible) from brief postmasked exposures of circular arrays of letters and digits. The data were fitted by mathematical models based on Bundesen's (Psychological Review, 97, 523-547, 1990) theory of visual attention (TVA). Both attentional weights of targets (letters) and attentional weights of distractors (digits) showed strong variations across the eight possible target locations, but for each of the ten participants, the ratio of the weight of a distractor at a given location to the weight of a target at the same location was approximately constant...
June 20, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#7
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632512/why-current-drug-adherence-programs-fail-addressing-psychological-risk-factors-of-nonadherence
#8
Antje D Arlt, Yvonne Nestoriuc, Winfried Rief
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of a selection of largely neglected psychological risk factors for nonadherence, and to offer new approaches to improve medication adherence. RECENT FINDINGS: Current adherence research and intervention programs focus on a few risk factors for nonadherence, such as complexity of the drug regimen. In addition, other important risk factors of nonadherence are neglected or insufficiently addressed. There is good evidence for the significant role of the quality of the patient-healthcare provider relationship...
June 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632358/increased-beta-power-in-the-bereaved-families-of-the-sewol-ferry-disaster-a-paradoxical-compensatory-phenomenon-a-two-channel-electroencephalography-study
#9
Kuk-In Jang, Miseon Shim, Sang Min Lee, Hyu Jung Huh, Seung Huh, Ji-Young Joo, Seung-Hwan Lee, Jeong-Ho Chae
AIM: The Sewol ferry capsizing accident in South Korea's southern coast had resulted in the death of 304 people, and serious bereavement problems of their families. Electroencephalography (EEG) beta frequency is associated with psychiatric symptoms such as insomnia. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between frontal beta power, psychological symptoms, and insomnia in the bereaved families. METHODS: Eighty-four family members of the Sewol ferry victims (32 men and 52 women) were recruited and their EEG was compared with that of 25 (13 men and 12 women) healthy controls...
June 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631975/assessing-the-unidimensionality-of-trait-reactance-using-a-multifaceted-model-assessment-approach
#10
Allison Brown Yost, Sara J Finney
This study employed a multifaceted model assessment approach to investigate the dimensionality and nomological network of a popular measure of trait reactance, the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale (HPRS; Hong & Page, 1989 ). To address confusion regarding the scoring and modeling of the HPRS as well as its limited external validity evidence, we tested competing factor models, diagnosed model-data misfit, examined relationships between competing factor models and key personality traits, and cross-validated the results...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631956/coping-strategies-and-psychological-distress-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als
#11
Mattia Siciliano, Gabriella Santangelo, Francesca Trojsi, Carmela Di Somma, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Maria Rosaria Monsurrò, Luigi Trojano, Gioacchino Tedeschi
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) causes distress in caregivers. The present study aims to examine the association between coping strategies and psychological distress in caregivers of ALS patients. METHODS: Coping strategies were assessed in 96 ALS informal caregivers by means of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. Data about caregivers' demographic characteristics, levels of burden, depression and anxiety (psychological distress) were also gathered by standardised questionnaires...
February 10, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631890/oxidative-stress-and-psychiatric-morbidity-in-patients-with-facial-acne
#12
Sara M Awad, Hanan Morsy, Ayat A Sayed, Nahed A Mohamed, Ghada M Ezzat, Mostafa M Noaman
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a common cosmetic problem that is frequently associated with psychosocial disturbances as well as increased oxidative stress. However, oxidative stress and psychological aspects have been studied separately in acne. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships between oxidative stress, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in acne patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with facial acne and 40 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were included in the study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631695/-chronic-stress-and-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-systemic-scleroderma-results-of-an-interdisciplinary-study
#13
O F Seravina, T A Lisitsyna, M N Starovoytova, O V Desinova, O B Kovalevskaya, D Yu Veltishchev
AIM: To analyze of the prevalence of stressful factors and mental disorders (MDs), as well as their clinical psychopathological and clinical psychological characteristics to improve the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of systemic scleroderma (SSD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Examinations were performed in 110 patients (predominantly women (n=97 (88.2%); mean age, 49.9±2.47 years) with a documented diagnosis of SSD (its mean duration, 7.25±0.42 years). 62 (56...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631389/to-stand-back-or-step-in-exploring-the-responses-of-employees-who-observe-workplace-bullying
#14
Sarah MacCurtain, Caroline Murphy, Michelle O'Sullivan, Juliet MacMahon, Tom Turner
Bullying remains a pervasive problem in healthcare, and evidence suggests systems in place are not utilised due to perceptions of ineffectiveness and inequity. This study examines bystander responses to bullying and factors that influence decisions to intervene. We explore relationships between bystanders' perceptions of psychological safety across three levels (organisation, supervisor and colleague) and reactions to witnessing bullying. We suggest psychological safety would be positively associated with the decision to intervene...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630515/emotional-intelligence-and-its-effect-on-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students-with-autistic-like-traits
#15
Yuji Higuchi, Masatoshi Inagaki, Toshihiro Koyama, Yoshihisa Kitamura, Toshiaki Sendo, Maiko Fujimori, Hitomi Kataoka, Chinatsu Hayashibara, Yosuke Uchitomi, Norihito Yamada
Objective. To measure whether Emotional intelligence (EI) would minimize the negative association between autistic-like traits (ALT) and empathic behavior and enhance the positive association between ALT and psychological distress. Methods. Our sample population included 823 hospital pharmacists belonging to a district society, and 378 pharmacy students. Analyses were performed to examine relationships between scores on the Emotional Intelligence Scale (EQS), Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE), and General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ)...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629989/patient-proxy-agreement-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Hei-Fen Hwang, Chih-Yi Chen, Mau-Roung Lin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the level of agreement between patients and their proxies on a measure of health-related quality of life (HRQL) 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: and Setting: Eighty-eighty patients with TBI identified from discharge records of four hospitals in Taiwan and 88 family members or friends who could answer questions regarding the patient's health and HRQL 1 year after the injury...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629846/hippocampal-gr-and-cb1-mediated-mglur5-differentially-produces-susceptibility-and-resilience-to-acute-and-chronic-mild-stress-in-rats
#17
Hongli Sun, Rujuan Su, Xiaoxiao Zhang, Jun Wen, Dan Yao, Xinru Gao, Zhongliang Zhu, Hui Li
The molecular mechanism of individual response of susceptibility and resilience under psychological stress remains controversial and unclear. The present study aimed to explore the relationship of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) or cannabinoid receptor (CB1) and further indicate the molecular mechanism of susceptibility and resilience to acute stress (AS) and chronic mild stress (CMS). Sucrose preference test and open field test were used to evaluate the response of susceptibility and resilience under stress in rats...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627917/functional-intimacy-needing-but-not-wanting-the-touch-of-a-stranger
#18
Juliana Schroeder, Ayelet Fishbach, Chelsea Schein, Kurt Gray
Intimacy is often motivated by love, but sometimes it is merely functional. For example, disrobing and being touched at an airport security check serves the goal of catching a flight, not building a relationship. We propose that this functional intimacy induces discomfort, making people prefer greater social distance from their interaction partner. Supporting this prediction, participants who considered (Experiments 1 and 2) or experienced (Experiment 3) more physically intimate medical procedures preferred a health provider who is less social...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627916/individual-differences-in-reliance-on-intuition-predict-harsher-moral-judgments
#19
Sarah J Ward, Laura A King
The notion that intuition guides moral judgment is widely accepted. Yet, there is a dearth of research examining whether individual differences in reliance on intuition influence moral judgment. Five studies provided evidence that faith in intuition (FI) predicts higher condemnation of moral transgressions. Studies 1 and 2 (combined N = 543) demonstrated that FI predicted higher moral condemnation of strange actions characterized by ambiguous harm. This association maintained controlling for a host of relevant ideological and emotional "third" variables...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626445/adverse-childhood-experiences-are-linked-to-age-of-onset-and-reading-recognition-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Michael T Shaw, Natalie O Pawlak, Ariana Frontario, Kathleen Sherman, Lauren B Krupp, Leigh E Charvet
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) exert a psychological and physiological toll that increases risk of chronic conditions, poorer social functioning, and cognitive impairment in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between childhood adversity and clinical disease features in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: Sixty-seven participants with MS completed the ACE assessment and neuropsychological assessments as part of a larger clinical trial of cognitive remediation...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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