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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933428/in-6-to-8-year-old-children-cardiorespiratory-fitness-moderates-the-relationship-between-severity-of-life-events-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Serge Brand, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Uwe Pühse, Lukas Zahner
PURPOSE: In children, the pathways by which physical activity and fitness are associated with physical and psychological wellbeing are still not fully understood. The present study examines for the first time in young children whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity moderate the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight children (188 girls, 190 boys, M age = 7...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933424/-home-practice-is-the-program-parents-practice-of-program-skills-as-predictors-of-outcomes-in-the-new-beginnings-program-effectiveness-trial
#2
Cady Berkel, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik, C Hendricks Brown, Carlos G Gallo, Amanda Chiapa, Anne M Mauricio, Sarah Jones
An examination of the content and processes of evidence-based programs is critical for empirically evaluating theories about how programs work, the "action theory" of the program (West et al. in American Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 571-605, 1993). The New Beginnings Program (NBP; Wolchik et al., 2007), a parenting-after-divorce preventive intervention, theorizes that program-induced improvements in parenting across three domains: positive relationship quality, effective discipline, and protecting children from interparental conflict, will reduce the negative outcomes that are common among children from divorced families...
December 8, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933008/healthcare-needs-experiences-and-satisfaction-after-terrorism-a-longitudinal-study-of-survivors-from-the-ut%C3%A3-ya-attack
#3
Lise E Stene, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Grete Dyb
Background: Public health outreach programs have been developed in order to ensure that needs are met after disasters. However, little is known about survivors' experiences with post-terror healthcare. In the present study, our objectives were to (1) describe survivors' experiences with post-terror healthcare, (2) identify factors associated with reports of unmet healthcare needs, and (3) examine the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, healthcare experiences and satisfaction. Methods: Our study comprised three waves of semi-structured interviews with 261/490 (53%) survivors of the Utøya mass shooting...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932088/grit-as-a-predictor-of-risk-of-attrition-in-surgical-residency
#4
Arghavan Salles, Dana Lin, Cara Liebert, Micaela Esquivel, James N Lau, Ralph S Greco, Claudia Mueller
BACKGROUND: Grit, a measure of perseverance, has been shown to predict resident well-being. In this study we assess the relationship between grit and attrition. METHODS: We collected survey data from residents in a single institution over two consecutive years. All residents in general surgery were invited to participate (N = 115). Grit and psychological well-being were assessed using validated measures. Risk of attrition was measured using survey items. RESULTS: 73 residents participated (63% response rate)...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930918/health-effects-of-informal-caregiving-across-europe-a-longitudinal-approach
#5
Judith Kaschowitz, Martina Brandt
Due to an expected increase of people in need of care, sound knowledge about health effects of informal care provision is becoming more and more important. Theoretically, there might be positive as well as negative health effects due to caregiving to relatives. Moreover, we suppose that such health effects differ by national context - since care is differently organized in Europe - and depend on the social setting in which the care relationship takes place. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE, waves 1, 2, 3, and 5) and from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA, waves 2-5) we examined the connection between informal caregiving and self-perceived as well as mental health in a country comparative perspective...
November 27, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929304/enduring-mental-health-prevalence-and-prediction
#6
Jonathan D Schaefer, Avshalom Caspi, Daniel W Belsky, Honalee Harrington, Renate Houts, L John Horwood, Andrea Hussong, Sandhya Ramrakha, Richie Poulton, Terrie E Moffitt
We review epidemiological evidence indicating that most people will develop a diagnosable mental disorder, suggesting that only a minority experience enduring mental health. This minority has received little empirical study, leaving the prevalence and predictors of enduring mental health unknown. We turn to the population-representative Dunedin cohort, followed from birth to midlife, to compare people never-diagnosed with mental disorder (N = 171; 17% prevalence) to those diagnosed at 1-2 study waves, the cohort mode (N = 409)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929303/correction-to-campos-melady-et-al-2016
#7
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "The Effect of Therapists' Adherence and Competence in Delivering the Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach on Client Outcomes" by Marita Campos-Melady, Jane Ellen Smith, Robert J. Meyers, Susan H. Godley and Mark D. Godley (Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, Advanced Online Publication, Oct 13, 2016, np). In the original article, the disclosed interest for Mark D. Godley in the author note is misrepresented. The accurate representation is that the organization employing Mark D. Godley, Chestnut Health Systems, receives fees for A-CRA training...
December 8, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929275/erectile-dysfunction
#8
Karl T Rew, Joel J Heidelbaugh
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance. It is common, affecting at least 12 million U.S. men. The five-question International Index of Erectile Function allows rapid clinical assessment of ED. The condition can be caused by vascular, neurologic, psychological, and hormonal factors. Common conditions related to ED include diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, testosterone deficiency, and prostate cancer treatment...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928523/quality-of-life-in-elderly-iranian-population-using-the-qol-brief-questionnaire-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Sima Nedjat, Parvin Cheraghi, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Due to the increase in the elderly population in different societies, their primary needs, physical and mental health, and quality of life, is important. This study aimed to estimate the overall mean score of the QOL based on the Qol-Brief questionnaire in the elderly population of Iran. METHODS: The international and national databases, including; Medline, Scopus, Science Direct, MagIran, and SID were searched up to Feb 2015. All studies, addressed the quality of life among the healthy Iranian elderly population using WHO-QOL-BRIEF questionnaire, were included...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928214/enhancing-collegiate-women-s-soccer-psychosocial-and-performance-outcomes-by-promoting-intrinsic-sources-of-sport-enjoyment
#10
Scott P Barnicle, Damon Burton
This study examined the effectiveness of an applied mental skills training (MST) intervention utilizing mental skills to enhance intrinsic sources of enjoyment (ISOEs) as a means of promoting self-confidence, motivational style, and athletic performance, while also decreasing trait anxiety. The intervention project was designed to increase intrinsic SOE using a systematic and individualized mental training protocol, and then examine its relationships to mental skills and soccer performance. A Division 1 collegiate women's soccer team was randomly assigned to treatment (n = 8) and control (n = 11) groups, equally distributed by academic year, position, and pre-season coach-evaluated starters and non-starts...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928199/association-of-anxiety-related-polymorphisms-with-sports-performance-in-chilean-long-distance-triathletes-a-pilot-study
#11
Jorge A Sanhueza, Tomás Zambrano, Carlos Bahamondes-Avila, Luis A Salazar
Different factors affecting athletic performance are well established: intensity and type of training, anthropometric characteristics as well as an important psychological component. However, the contribution of the genetic background has been less investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of polymorphisms within genes associated with stress and anxiety (5HTT, CRH2R, ACE, NK1R, 5HT1AR and CRF-BP) on the physical capability and sports performance in triathletes. One hundred and ninety two (192) unrelated Chilean triathletes who participated in the 2014 70...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927268/relationship-between-long-term-flooding-and-serious-mental-illness-after-the-2011-flood-in-thailand
#12
Takeshi Yoda, Katsunori Yokoyama, Hiromi Suzuki, Tomohiro Hirao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the long-term psychological effects of the 2011 flood in Thailand on flood victims and unaffected residents, taking into account risk factors such as floodwater levels in the house, period of flooding, and disruption to essential services. METHODS: Surveys were conducted in Salaya and Nakhon Chaisri subdistrict, Nakhonpatom Province, from May to June 2012. Approximately 400 households were selected. Measures of sociodemographic variables, exposure to flooding, incidents (eg, disruption of services), and outcome variables (Kessler 10) were recorded...
December 8, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926460/association-of-serum-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-with-psychological-distress-in-the-second-and-third-trimesters-of-pregnancy-adjunct-study-of-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#13
Kei Hamazaki, Akiko Harauma, Satoru Tanabe, Miho Namai, Toru Moriguchi, Hidekuni Inadera
The results of several epidemiological studies and clinical trials investigating the effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on antenatal and postnatal depression remain controversial. In a previous case-control study of early pregnancy in Japan, we found an inverse association between eicosapentaenoic acid and risk of psychological distress after adjusting for possible confounders. Here, in a 1:2 matched case-control study, we further investigated the possible relationship between serum n-3 PUFAs and risk of psychological distress in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy...
November 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926353/roles-of-body-image-related-experiential-avoidance-and-uncommitted-living-in-the-link-between-body-image-and-women-s-quality-of-life
#14
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, José Pinto-Gouveia
The current study aimed to test whether the associations of body mass index, body image discrepancy, and social comparison based on physical appearance with women's psychological quality of life (QoL) would be explained by the mechanisms of body image-related experiential avoidance and patterns of uncommitted living. The sample was collected from October 2014 to March 2015 and included 737 female college students (aged between 18 and 25 years) who completed validated self-report measures. Results demonstrated that the final path model explained 43% of psychological QoL and revealed an excellent fit...
December 7, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925219/job-insecurity-and-discretionary-behaviors-social-exchange-perspective-versus-group-value-model
#15
Beatrice Piccoli, Hans De Witte, William D Reisel
This study examines the relationship between job insecurity and discretionary behaviors, that is, organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) and counterproductive work behaviors (CWB), with the purpose to extend knowledge on the theoretical explanations for these outcomes. Considering the employment relationship with the organization, two different perspectives are suggested and compared in a multiple mediator model, in order to understand the reasons for discretionary behaviors. We draw upon social exchange theory as the basis of psychological contract perceptions and we rely on the group value model to explain organizational justice evaluations...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925052/night-eating-syndrome-how-to-treat-it
#16
Thisciane Ferreira Pinto, Francisco Girleudo Coutinho da Silva, Veralice Meireles Sales de Bruin, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin
Night eating syndrome (NES) is characterized by caloric intake ≥ 25% of total daily after dinner and/or by two or more weekly nocturnal awakenings accompanied by food ingestion. Causes of NES are not entirely clear and seem to involve a desynchronization between the circadian rhythms of food ingestion and sleep, resulting in a delayed pattern of food intake. Estimates of the prevalence of NES in the general population are around 1.5%, and although much higher frequencies have been described in obese individuals, a causal relationship between NES and obesity is not clearly established...
October 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924553/emotion-regulation-in-patients-with-psoriasis-correlates-of-disability-clinical-dimensions-and-psychopathology-symptoms
#17
Vera Almeida, Sofia Taveira, Maribel Teixeira, Isabel Almeida, José Rocha, Ana Teixeira
PURPOSE: There are known connections between emotions and psoriasis; however, we have not established a clear pathway for this association. This study aimed to explore correlates of difficulties in emotional regulation in patients with psoriasis and predict the influence of emotional regulation in psoriasis disability. METHOD: Two hundred and twenty eight participants completed the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Self-administered Psoriasis Area and Severity Index, Psoriasis Disability Index, and Brief Symptom Inventory...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923981/sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-chronic-respiratory-disease-lessons-from-gerontology
#18
Anna E Bone, Nilay Hepgul, Samantha Kon, Matthew Maddocks
Sarcopenia and frailty are geriatric syndromes characterized by multisystem decline, which are related to and reflected by markers of skeletal muscle dysfunction. In older people, sarcopenia and frailty have been used for risk stratification, to predict adverse outcomes and to prompt intervention aimed at preventing decline in those at greatest risk. In this review, we examine sarcopenia and frailty in the context of chronic respiratory disease, providing an overview of the common assessments tools and studies to date in the field...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923883/to-be-or-not-to-be-positive-development-of-a-tool-to-assess-the-relationship-of-negative-positive-and-realistic-thinking-with-psychological-distress-in-breast-cancer
#19
Émilie Gilbert, Josée Savard, Pierre Gagnon, Marie-Hélène Savard, Hans Ivers, Guillaume Foldes-Busque
There is a widespread belief that positive thinking is a key strategy to cope with cancer. While dispositional optimism is associated with lower psychological distress, the literature supporting the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy indirectly suggests that realistic thinking is also effective. This article describes the development of the Thoughts and Anticipations about Cancer questionnaire designed to directly compare the effect of realistic thinking versus positive thinking on adjustment to cancer...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923441/she-s-supporting-them-who-s-supporting-her-preschool-center-level-social-emotional-supports-and-teacher-well-being
#20
Katherine M Zinsser, Claire G Christensen, Luz Torres
Preschool teachers across the country have been charged to prepare children socially and emotionally for kindergarten. Teachers working in preschool centers are supporting children's social and emotional learning (SEL) within a rich ecology of emotion and social relationships and the present study considers how the supports implemented for children's SEL at the center-level are associated with teachers' psychological health and workplace experiences. Hierarchical linear models were constructed using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 cohort...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
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