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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334658/contextual-determinants-of-psychopathology-the-singularity-of-attachment-as-a-predictor-of-mental-dysfunction
#1
Yolanda Alonso, Javier Fernández, Yolanda Fontanil, Esteban Ezama, Alberto Gimeno
The general aim of this research is to evaluate the singular weight of attachment relationships in psychopathology, to determine the point to which these relationships cannot be subsumed by other variables that are famously related to attachment, such as experience of stressful life events, social support, and coping styles. 172 people treated in mental health centers provided data related to these four aspects and about manifestations of psychopathology. Multiple linear regression analyses determined that 51% of the variance in the level of symptomatology is explained with six variables: two related to adult attachment (fear of rejection and abandonment in romantic relationships, and the degree of similarity to the fearful prototype), one related to social support (family appreciation), one to life events (overall perceived stress), and two to coping style (cognitive restructuring and social withdrawal)...
January 9, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334642/examining-the-latent-structure-mechanisms-for-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Margo C Hurlocker, Desirae N Vidaurri, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Kelly Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric illness that can be difficult to diagnose, due in part to its comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD). Given that researchers have found no difference in prevalence rates of PTSD and MDD after accounting for overlapping symptoms, the latent structures of PTSD and MDD may account for the high comorbidity. In particular, the PTSD Negative Alterations in Cognition and Mood (NACM) and Hyperarousal factors have been characterized as non-specific to PTSD...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334231/social-capital-and-ptsd-among-plwha-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-resilience-and-internalized-stigma
#3
Mengting Gao, Chenchang Xiao, Xuan Zhang, Shiyue Li, Hong Yan
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is frequent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Few studies have investigated social-psychological predictors of PTSD in China. This study aimed to examine relationships between social capital, stigma, resilience and PTSD among PLWHA in China, and to provide effective suggestions for PTSD intervention. A cross-sectional study of 520 PLWHA was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016. Survey data were collected using anonymous self-reported questionnaire. Multivariable analyses were used to examine related factors of PTSD, and causal mediation analyses were conducted to assess whether stigma and resilience were mediators...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333743/dyadic-coping-and-marital-adjustment-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-italian-couples-expecting-their-first-child
#4
Sara Molgora, Chiara Acquati, Valentina Fenaroli, Emanuela Saita
Although the transition to parenthood is currently defined as a normative event, it can be potentially stressful for the couple relationship as it may contribute to psychological distress and reduced marital satisfaction. Using the systemic-transactional conceptualisation of stress and coping as a theoretical framework, we claimed that the ability of the parents-to-be to adjust to their new roles and identity is influenced by dyadic coping strategies. This study examined the effects of dyadic coping on marital adjustment in a sample of 78 primiparous couples...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332633/impact-of-psychological-factors-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-treated-for-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#5
Laurence Halimi, Grégory Marin, Nicolas Molinari, Anne-Sophie Gamez, Clément Boissin, Carey M Suehs, Isabelle Vachier, Arnaud Bourdin
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare and life-threatening disease well-marked by under diagnosis, delayed diagnosis and atypical treatments. Few data are available on the quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial characteristics of patients with PAH. Our aim is to describe the impact of psychological factors on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of treated PAH patients in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting at our Competency Centre for PAH were recruited...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332625/positive-and-negative-affect-mediate-the-bidirectional-relationship-between-emotional-processing-and-symptom-severity-and-impact-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
Alice Sibelli, Trudie Chalder, Hazel Everitt, Joseph Chilcot, Rona Moss-Morris
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with IBS report higher levels of psychological distress compared to healthy controls. Distress has been associated with emotional processing difficulties but studies have not explored how the relationship between distress and emotional processing affects IBS. There is little research on the role of positive affect (PA) in IBS. AIMS: (a) If difficulties in self-reported emotional processing are associated with affect and IBS measures (i...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332547/the-psychology-of-the-politics-of-rape-political-ideology-moral-foundations-and-attitudes-toward-rape
#7
Michael D Barnett, Emily N Hilz
Previous research has found that conservatives and liberals emphasize different moral foundations. The purpose of these two studies was to investigate whether moral foundations mediate the relationship between political ideology and attitudes toward rape among U.S. college students. In Study 1, moral foundations fully mediated the relationship between political ideology and rape myth acceptance. Study 2 generally replicated the results of Study 1, with binding foundations demonstrating the most consistent mediating effects...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332546/drinking-motives-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-dating-violence-victimization-and-alcohol-problems
#8
Ellen E Haynes, Catherine V Strauss, Gregory L Stuart, Ryan C Shorey
The present study sought to examine whether drinking motives (i.e., coping, social, conformity, and enhancement) moderated the relationship between physical, sexual, and psychological dating violence victimization and alcohol-related problems in a sample of drinking college women ( N = 177). Results demonstrated that coping and social drinking motives moderated the relationship between sexual victimization and alcohol problems; conformity, social, and enhancement drinking motives moderated the relationship between alcohol-related problems and physical victimization; no significant findings were evident for psychological aggression victimization...
April 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332265/review-of-a-parent-s-influence-on-pediatric-procedural-distress-and-recovery
#9
REVIEW
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Understanding how parents influence their child's medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child experiencing long-term physical and psychological problems. Children under 6 years old are particularly at risk of illness or injury, yet their pain-related distress during medical procedures is often difficult to manage because of their young developmental level...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331930/sleep-quality-psychological-symptoms-and-psychotic-like-experiences
#10
Arielle Ered, Shanna Cooper, Lauren M Ellman
Poor sleep quality has been repeatedly linked to the entire psychosis continuum, including psychotic-like experiences (PLEs); however, sleep dysfunction is a component of several other psychopathologies that have also been linked to increased risk for PLEs, including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It has yet to be examined if PLEs are a significant risk factor for poor sleep quality or if this sleep dysfunction is better accounted for by comorbid psychopathology. In 2687 undergraduates, PLEs were evaluated using the positive items of the Prodromal Questionnaire...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331801/stressful-life-events-relationship-stressors-and-cortisol-reactivity-the-moderating-role-of-suppression
#11
Lydia G Roos, Sara M Levens, Jeanette M Bennett
Stressful life events (SLEs) are exceedingly common and have been associated with a range of psychological disorders, perhaps through dysregulation in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The use of certain emotion regulation strategies in response to stress, such as expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal, has additionally been linked to heightened HPA axis reactivity to acute stress. However, it is unclear how emotion regulation may interact with SLEs to affect HPA axis reactivity, particularly concerning relationship stressors (RSs)...
January 2, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330990/association-of-quality-of-sleep-with-cognitive-decline-among-the-patients-of-chronic-kidney-disease-undergoing-haemodialysis
#12
Usama Bin Zubair, Batool Butt
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the association between the subjective quality of sleep and cognitive decline among the patients of chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 106 patients of chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing haemodialysis at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan were included in the final analysis. Cognitive decline was measured by British Columbia Cognitive Complaints Inventory (BC-CCI)...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330708/living-with-lymphoedema-the-perspective-of-cancer-patients-a-qualitative-study
#13
Ángela Río-González, Francisco Molina-Rueda, Domingo Palacios-Ceña, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the lived experience of lymphoedema and the barriers faced by cancer sufferers receiving physiotherapy outpatient treatment. METHODS: A qualitative, phenomenological study was performed. Purposeful sampling method was used. Data collection methods included unstructured and semi-structured interviews and researcher field notes. A thematic analysis was used. The study was conducted following the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research guidelines...
January 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330175/development-and-validation-of-an-instrument-for-measuring-the-burden-of-medicine-on-functioning-and-well-being-the-medication-related-burden-quality-of-life-mrb-qol-tool
#14
Mohammed A Mohammed, Rebekah J Moles, Sarah N Hilmer, Lisa Kouladjian O'Donnel, Timothy F Chen
OBJECTIVE: Medication-related burden (MRB) is a negative experience with medicine, which may impact on psychological, social, physical and financial well-being of an individual. This study describes the development and initial validation of an instrument specifically designed to measure MRB on functioning and well-being-the Medication-Related Burden Quality of Life (MRB-QoL) tool. METHODS: An initial pool of 76-items for MRB-QoL was generated. The link to MRB-QoL survey was sent to a sample of consumers living with at least one chronic medical condition and taking ≥3 prescription medicines on a regular basis...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329529/resilience-and-well-being-of-university-nursing-students-in-hong-kong-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Ka Ming Chow, Wing Ki Fiona Tang, Wing Han Carmen Chan, Wing Hung Janet Sit, Kai Chow Choi, Sally Chan
BACKGROUND: University nursing students experience higher levels of academic stress than those of other disciplines. Academic stress leads to psychological distress and has detrimental effects on well-being. The ability to overcome such adversity and learn to be stronger from the experience is regarded as resilience. Resilience is found to have an impact on learning experience, academic performance, course completion and, in the longer term, professional practice. Resilience and positive coping strategies can resist stress and improve personal well-being...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327498/relationship-style-and-glycaemic-control-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-distress
#16
Omar Braizat, Richard Feinn, Gina Abbott, Julie Wagner
This study examined whether depressive symptoms and/or diabetes distress mediate the association between relationship style and glycaemic control in women with diabetes. Seventy-five women with type 2 diabetes completed the Relationship Questionnaire. Participants endorsing "secure" or "preoccupied" adult attachment were combined into the interactive relationship style and "dismissing/avoidant" or "fearful" adult attachment were combined into the independent relationship style. Glycaemic control was a latent variable composed of A1c and 48-hr continuously measured glucose...
January 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327495/challenge-and-hindrance-demands-lead-to-employees-health-and-behaviours-through-intrinsic-motivation
#17
Minseo Kim, Terry A Beehr
Based on the job demand-resource theory, this study examined the differential relationships of two types of job demands, challenge and hindrance stressors, with three outcomes: ill health, organizational citizenship behaviour, and work engagement. These relationships were mediated by two personal resources: psychological empowerment and organization-based self-esteem (OBSE). Data were collected at two separate points, 2 weeks apart. With 336 full-time U.S. employees, results from path analysis indicated that the challenge stressor, workload, was positively related to psychological empowerment and OBSE, both of which were in turn positively related to good work behaviours as well as negatively related to ill health, an indication that employees experienced physical symptoms and psychological strains...
January 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327315/maternal-bonding-behavior-adult-intimate-relationship-and-quality-of-life
#18
Michaela Schmoeger, Matthias Deckert, Petra Wagner, Ulrike Sirsch, Ulrike Willinger
Continuity and discontinuity in the development of social relationships have been investigated by reviewing the course of social bonds and by analyzing the effects of a sound intimate relationship in adulthood in conjunction with recalled maternal bonding on the quality of life among students.A questionnaire-based study of 207 students was conducted. Perceptions of maternal bonding were designated as being representative of one of the two contrasting bonding types "optimal maternal bonding" and "affectionless maternal control" assessed by the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and combined with perceptions of a sound intimate adult relationship measured by the Family Assessment Measure III Dyadic Relationships Scale (FAM-III-D)...
January 11, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327166/loneliness-in-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Michelle H Lim, John F M Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, David L Penn
PURPOSE: The aim of the review is to understand the relationships between loneliness and related psychological and social factors in individuals with psychosis. Loneliness is poorly understood in people with psychosis. Given the myriad of social challenges facing individuals with psychosis, these findings can inform psychosocial interventions that specifically target loneliness in this vulnerable group. METHODS: We adhered to the PRISMA guidelines and systematically reviewed empirical studies that measured loneliness either as a main outcome or as an associated variable in individuals with psychosis...
January 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327087/use-of-portable-digital-devices-to-analyze-autonomic-stress-response-in-psychology-objective-structured-clinical-examination
#20
Ana Isabel Beltrán-Velasco, Alberto Bellido-Esteban, Pablo Ruisoto-Palomera, Vicente Javier Clemente-Suárez
The aim of the present study was to explore changes in the autonomic stress response of Psychology students in a Psychology Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) and their relationship with OSCE performance. Variables of autonomic modulation by the analysis of heart rate variability in temporal, frequency and non-linear domains, subjective perception of distress strait and academic performance were measured before and after the two different evaluations that composed the OSCE. A psychology objective structured clinical examination composed by two different evaluation scenarios produced a large anxiety anticipatory response, a habituation response in the first of the evaluation scenarios and a in the entire evaluation, and a no habituation response in the second evaluation scenario...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
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