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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631517/what-factors-influence-emergency-department-visits-by-patients-with-cancer-at-the-end-of-life-analysis-of-a-124-030-patient-cohort
#1
Lesley A Henson, Irene J Higginson, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: Emergency department visits towards the end of life by patients with cancer are increasing over time. This is despite evidence of an association with poor patient and caregiver outcomes and most patients preferring home-based care. AIM: To identify socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with end-of-life emergency department visits and determine the relationship between patients' prior emergency department use and risk of multiple (⩾2) visits in the last month of life...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630754/nerve-injuries-of-the-upper-extremity-and-hand
#2
Lars B Dahlin, Mikael Wiberg
A nerve injury has a profound impact on the patient's daily life due to the impaired sensory and motor function, impaired dexterity, sensitivity to cold as well as eventual pain problems.To perform an appropriate treatment of nerve injuries, a correct diagnosis must be made, where the injury is properly classified, leading to an optimal surgical approach and technique, where timing of surgery is also important for the outcome.Knowledge about the nerve regeneration process, where delicate processes occur in neurons, non-neuronal cells (i...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629338/a-phase-2-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-the-impact-of-a-supervised-exercise-program-on-cardiotoxicity-at-3%C3%A2-months-in-patients-with-her2-overexpressing-breast-cancer-undergoing-adjuvant-treatment-by-trastuzumab-design-of-the-cardapac-study
#3
Quentin Jacquinot, Nathalie Meneveau, Marion Chatot, Franck Bonnetain, Bruno Degano, Malika Bouhaddi, Gilles Dumoulin, Dewi Vernerey, Xavier Pivot, Fabienne Mougin
BACKGROUND: The overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) in breast cancer is a poor prognosis. Trastuzumab improves overall survival but is associated with cardiotoxicity, especially a decline in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). In addition, chemotherapy and radiotherapy increase fatigue and pain, decrease physical capacity and health-related quality of life. To date, no study has evaluated the benefits of physical activity on the side effects of treatment in patients with HER2 positive breast cancer...
June 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627971/moving-on-factors-associated-with-caregivers-bereavement-adjustment-using-a-random-population-based-face-to-face-survey
#4
Emma Burns, Holly G Prigerson, Steve J Quinn, Amy P Abernethy, David C Currow
BACKGROUND: Providing care at end of life has consequences for caregivers' bereavement experience. 'Difficulty moving on with life' is an informative and unbiased symptom of prolonged grief disorder. Predictors of bereaved caregivers' ability to 'move on' have not been examined across the population. AIM: To identify the characteristics of bereaved hands-on caregivers who were, and were not, able to 'move on' 13-60 months after the 'expected' death of someone close...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627303/the-surprise-question-in-paediatric-palliative-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Kimberley Burke, Lucy Helen Coombes, Antoinette Menezes, Anna-Karenia Anderson
BACKGROUND: The question 'would you be surprised if this patient died in the next 12-months' is widely used for identifying adult patients in the last year of life. However, this has not yet been studied in children. AIM: To assess the prognostic accuracy of the surprise question when used by a multidisciplinary team to predict survival outcomes of children with life-limiting conditions over a 3 and 12 month period. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623155/care-toward-the-end-of-life-in-older-populations-and-its-implementation-facilitators-and-barriers-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
Diane Erin Threapleton, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong, Eliza L Y Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Y K Chau, Jean Woo, Vincent C H Chung, Eng Kiong Yeoh
PURPOSE: To inform health system improvements for care of elderly populations approaching the end of life (EOL) by identifying important elements of care and implementation barriers and facilitators. DESIGN: A scoping review was carried out to identify key themes in EOL care. Articles were identified from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, organizational websites, and internet searches. Eligible publications included reviews, reports, and policy documents published between 2005 and 2016...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621244/-evaluation-of-physians-patients-relatives-and-society-of-opinions-on-the-told-lung-cancer-diagnosis
#7
Utku Datlı, Pınar Çelik, Yavuz Havlucu, Tuğba Göktalay, Ayşın Şakar Coşkun, Ayşe Arzu Yorgancıoğlu
Introduction: In our country, this is usually done by patient relatives. In this study, we aimed to investigate the thought of doctors who done the diagnosis, doctors who arrange the treatment, first degree relatives of patients with lung cancer, and population as a control. Materials and Methods: 310 subjects (100 doctors, 110 first degree realtives of patients, and 100 subjects as a control) were included to the study. The mean age was 39.77 ± 11.44 years and there was 170 females...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612680/benefits-of-stroke-treatment-delivered-using-a-mobile-stroke-unit-trial
#8
Jose-Miguel Yamal, Suja S Rajan, Stephanie A Parker, Asha P Jacob, Michael O Gonzalez, Nicole R Gonzales, Ritvij Bowry, Andrew D Barreto, Tzu-Ching Wu, David R Lairson, David Persse, Barbara C Tilley, David Chiu, Jose I Suarez, William J Jones, Andrei Alexandrov, James C Grotta
Rationale Mobile stroke units speed treatment for acute ischemic stroke, thereby possibly improving outcomes. Aim To compare mobile stroke unit and standard management clinical outcomes, healthcare utilization, and cost-effectiveness in tissue plasminogen activator-eligible acute ischemic stroke patients calling 911. Sample size 693. Eighty percent power with 0.05 type I error rate to detect a difference of 0.09 in mean utility-weighted modified Rankin scale between groups. Design Phase III, multicenter, prospective cluster-randomized (mobile stroke unit versus standard management weeks) comparative effectiveness study in tissue plasminogen activator-eligible patients...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607289/a-long-term-evaluation-of-the-quality-of-life-after-laparoscopic-nissen-rossetti-anti-reflux-surgery
#9
Giovanni Alemanno, Carlo Bergamini, Paolo Prosperi, Alessandro Bruscino, Ancuta Leahu, Riccardo Somigli, Jacopo Martellucci, Andrea Valeri
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) has been suggested to be the most relevant parameter to assess and monitor the long-term outcome in patients who underwent surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was conducted on patients who underwent Laparoscopic Nissen-Rossetti Fundoplication for GERD between January 1998 and December 2010. To evaluate the long-term results a telephone interview was made using the VISICK score and the GERD-health-related QoL (HRQL) questionnaire at 1, 3, 5 years and at the end of the study...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602880/intraoperative-scoring-system-to-predict-postoperative-remission-in-endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-surgery-for-growth-hormone-secreting-pituitary-adenomas
#10
Shigetoshi Yano, Naoki Shinojima, Junji Kawashima, Tatsuya Kondo, Takuichiro Hide
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the predictive factors for endocrinological remission of patients with growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenomas. METHODS: In 47 patients with GH-secreting pituitary adenomas who underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery with intraoperative GH measurements from 2002 to 2011, the relationship between the intraoperative GH levels and postoperative remission was analyzed, and two items that predicted remission (GH half-life obtained 30 min or less after removal and a minimum surgical GH level less than 2...
June 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594515/cervical-spine-injuries-in-the-athlete
#11
Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Cervical spine injuries are common and range from relatively minor injuries, such as cervical muscle strains, to severe, life-threatening cervical fractures with spinal cord injuries. Although cervical spine injuries are most common in athletes who participate in contact and collision sports, such as rugby and American football, they also have been reported in athletes who participate in noncontact sports, such as baseball, gymnastics, and diving. Cervical spine injuries in athletes are not necessarily the result of substantial spine trauma; some athletes have chronic conditions, such as congenital stenosis, that increase their risk for a serious cervical spine injury after even minor trauma...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587143/improving-outcomes-in-patients-with-crc-the-role-of-patient-reported-outcomes-an-esdo-report
#12
REVIEW
Eric Van Cutsem, Aimery De Gramont, Geoffrey Henning, Philippe Rougier, Franck Bonnetain, Thomas Seufferlein
Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide and nearly half of patients will develop metastatic disease at some point during the course of their disease. The goal of anticancer therapy in this context is to extend survival, while trying to maximise the patient's health-related quality of life. To this end, we need to understand how to incorporate patient-reported outcomes into clinical trials and routine practice to accurately assess if treatment strategies are providing clinical benefit for the patient...
May 26, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586309/italian-real-life-experience-with-brentuximab-vedotin-results-of-a-large-observational-study-on-234-relapsed-refractory-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#13
Cinzia Pellegrini, Alessandro Broccoli, Alessandro Pulsoni, Luigi Rigacci, Caterina Patti, Guido Gini, Donato Mannina, Monica Tani, Chiara Rusconi, Alessandra Romano, Anna Vanazzi, Barbara Botto, Armando Santoro, Stefan Hoaus, Gian Matteo Rigolin, Pellegrino Musto, Patrizio Mazza, Stefano Molica, Paolo Corradini, Angelo Fama, Francesco Gaudio, Michele Merli, Fioravante Ronconi, Giuseppe Gritti, Daniele Vallisa, Patrizia Tosi, Anna Marina Liberati, Antonello Pinto, Vincenzo Pavone, Filippo Gherlinzoni, Maria Paola Bianchi, Stefano Volpetti, Livio Trentin, Maria Cecilia Goldaniga, Maurizio Bonfichi, Amalia De Renzo, Corrado Schiavotto, Michele Spina, Angelo Michele Carella, Vittorio Stefoni, Lisa Argnani, Pier Luigi Zinzani
A large Italian multicenter observational retrospective study was conducted on the use of brentuximab vedotin (BV) for patients with relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) to check if clinical trial results are confirmed even in a real life context. 234 CD30+ HL patients were enrolled. Best response was observed after a median of 4 cycles in 140 patients (59.8%): 74 (31.6%) patients obtained a complete response (CR) and 66 (28.2%) achieved a partial response (PR); overall response rate at the end of the treatment was 48...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584203/current-use-of-oral-anticoagulants-and-prognostic-analysis-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-coronary-stenting
#14
Heng-Bo Zhai, Jun Liu, Zhi-Chao Dong, Dong-Xia Wang, Bo Zhang
BACKGROUND: It is currently believed that triple oral antithrombotic therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) should be recommended if there are no contraindications. However, selecting triple therapy for AF patients undergoing PCI is still challenging when bleeding risk is considered. This study aimed to investigate the current use of oral anticoagulants (Vitamin K antagonists [VKA]) and perform prognostic analysis in real-world patients with AF undergoing coronary stenting...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581892/radiation-exposure-enhances-hepatocyte-proliferation-in-neonatal-mice-but-not-in-adult-mice
#15
Yi Shang, Yurika Sawa, Benjamin J Blyth, Chizuru Tsuruoka, Hiroyuki Nogawa, Yoshiya Shimada, Shizuko Kakinuma
There is a natural tendency to expect that irradiation of an infant organ prior to development-related expansion will result in a higher risk of developing cancer than that of fully-developed adult tissue, and this has generally been observed. However, if tissues also vary in their initial responses to radiation depending on age, the interplay between tissue- and age-dependent risk would potentially be quite complex. We have previously shown opposing age-dependent induction of apoptosis for the intestinal epithelium and hematopoietic cells in mice, but such data are not yet available for the liver...
June 5, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573754/mitral-regurgitation-severity-and-left-ventricular-systolic-dimension-predict-survival-in-young-cavalier-king-charles-spaniels
#16
M J Reimann, J E Møller, J Häggström, T Martinussen, S S C Zatrazemi, L Svanholm, L B M Nielsen, H D Pedersen, L H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Development and progression of myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) in dogs are difficult to predict. Identification at a young age of dogs at high risk of adverse outcome in the future is desirable. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To study the predictive value of selected clinical and echocardiographic characteristics associated with MMVD obtained at a young age for prediction of long-term cardiac and all-cause mortality in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS)...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572742/real-life-effectiveness-and-safety-of-the-inhalation-suspension-budesonide-comparator-vs-the-originator-product-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-asthma-a-historical-cohort-study-using-a-us-health-claims-database
#17
David B Price, Eran Gefen, Gokul Gopalan, Cristiana Miglio, Rosie McDonald, Vicky Thomas, Simon Wan Yau Ming
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether the effectiveness of budesonide comparator is non-inferior to budesonide reference in the prevention of asthma exacerbations. Asthma-related hospitalizations and safety were also examined. METHODS: This study used a matched, historic cohort design. Data were drawn from the Clinformatics™ Data Mart US claims database and included a 1-year baseline, starting 1 year before the index prescription date, and a 1-year outcome period...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570382/critical-care-nurses-suggestions-to-improve-end-of-life-care-obstacles-minimal-change-over-17-years
#18
Renea L Beckstrand, Kacie Hart Hadley, Karlen E Luthy, Janelle L B Macintosh
BACKGROUND: Critical-care nurses (CCNs) provide end-of-life (EOL) care on a daily basis as 1 in 5 patients dies while in intensive care units. Critical-care nurses overcome many obstacles to perform quality EOL care for dying patients. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to collect CCNs' current suggestions for improving EOL care and determine if EOL care obstacles have changed by comparing results to data gathered in 1998. METHODS: A 72-item questionnaire regarding EOL care perceptions was mailed to a national, geographically dispersed, random sample of 2000 members of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses...
July 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566866/management-of-developing-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion-in-a-prepubertal-girl-with-prognathic-mandible-in-late-mixed-dentition
#19
Satinder Pal Singh, Vinay Kumar, Rashmi Verma, Sombir Singh
Treatment of skeletal Class III patients at younger age is highly unpredictable. The patient may respond well to the treatment or may show excessive mandibular growth during growth spurt which may require orthognathic surgery later on. If not treated at earlier stages of life, the condition may worsen with time. This case report will present the comprehensive orthodontic management of a 9-year-old prepubertal girl in late mixed dentition with prognathic mandible. Chin cup therapy was started and continued for 3 years...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562481/extracorporeal-life-support-increases-survival-after-prolonged-ventricular-fibrillation-cardiac-arrest-in-the-rat
#20
Ingrid Anna Maria Magnet, Florian Ettl, Andreas Schober, Alexandra-Maria Warenits, Daniel Grassmann, Michael Wagner, Christoph Schriefl, Christian Clodi, Ursula Teubenbacher, Sandra Högler, Wolfgang Weihs, Fritz Sterz, Andreas Janata
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may increase end organ perfusion and thus survival when conventional CPR fails. The aim was to investigate, if after ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest in rodents ECLS improves outcome compared to conventional CPR. METHODS: In 24 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (460 to 510 g) resuscitation was started after 10 min of no-flow with ECLS (consisting of an open reservoir, roller pump and membrane oxygenator, connected to a cannulas in the jugular vein and femoral artery, n = 8) or CPR (mechanical chest compressions plus ventilations, n = 8) and compared to a sham group (n = 8)...
May 29, 2017: Shock
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