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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053437/reaching-egyptian-gays-using-social-media-a-comprehensive-health-study-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#1
Ahmed Gamal Elmahy
Internet has revolutionized research on sexual minorities by providing direct and safe access to hidden, stigmatized and high risk populations. This study investigated the possibility of using Facebook to reach Egyptian gays. The questionnaire was manually distributed to an extensive list of Facebook pages and groups related to the topic that has been collected using a snowball-like technique. The recruitment lasted from August 2015 to May 2016. Among the 461 eligible participants, the mean age was 26.6 (SD = 7...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052432/suicidal-risk-following-the-termination-of-romantic-relationships
#2
Heather A Love, David P Nalbone, Lorna L Hecker, Kathryn A Sweeney, Prerana Dharnidharka
BACKGROUND: The termination of a romantic relationship is an established predictor of suicide attempt. Severing a relationship with a romantic figure can feel life-ending, based on attachment theory. AIMS: The primary goal of this study was to determine if specific risk markers for suicide are related to an individual's commitment level to the romantic relationship prior to its dissolution. METHOD: The purpose of this study was to examine if commitment and investment are linked with suicidal risk in a sample of adults (n = 208) in the United States ages 18-64 who experienced the break-up of a significant romantic relationship within the past 3 months...
October 20, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049493/preliminary-evidence-that-growth-in-productive-language-differentiates-childhood-stuttering-persistence-and-recovery
#3
Kathryn A Leech, Nan Bernstein Ratner, Barbara Brown, Christine M Weber
Purpose: Childhood stuttering is common but is often outgrown. Children whose stuttering persists experience significant life impacts, calling for a better understanding of what factors may underlie eventual recovery. In previous research, language ability has been shown to differentiate children who stutter (CWS) from children who do not stutter, yet there is an active debate in the field regarding what, if any, language measures may mark eventual recovery versus persistence. In this study, we examined whether growth in productive language performance may better predict the probability of recovery compared to static profiles taken from a single time point...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047349/professional-identity-career-choices-and-working-conditions-of-future-and-young-dentists-in-germany-study-design-and-methods-of-a-nationwide-comprehensive-survey
#4
Nele Kettler, Nicolas Frenzel Baudisch, Wolfgang Micheelis, David Klingenberger, A Rainer Jordan
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding young and future dentists' career choices, professional identity, and working conditions in Germany. While the dental healthcare environment and demands in treatment are changing, it remains unclear what job perceptions young dentists have developed at the beginning of their work life and if and how these perceptions change during the subsequent years. The aim of this study was to survey future and young dentists regarding their professional identity, planned career paths, and working conditions and strains to understand career decisions and choices and enable policy makers to include future dentists' views and expectations in their decisions...
October 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045355/complexity-of-chronic-conditions-impact-on-end-of-life-expense-trajectories-of-medicare-decedents
#5
Suzanne S Sullivan, Junxin Li, Yow-Wu Bill Wu, Sharon Hewner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine if the pattern of monthly medical expense can be used to identify individuals at risk of dying, thus supporting providers in proactively engaging in advanced care planning discussions. BACKGROUND: Identifying the right time to discuss end of life can be difficult. Improved predictive capacity has made it possible for nurse leaders to use large data sets to guide clinical decision making. METHODS: We examined the patterns of monthly medical expense of Medicare beneficiaries with life-limiting illness during the last 24 months of life using analysis of variance, t tests, and stepwise hierarchical linear modeling...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044695/ectogenesis-abortion-and-a-right-to-the-death-of-the-fetus
#6
Joona Räsänen
Many people believe that the abortion debate will end when at some point in the future it will be possible for fetuses to develop outside the womb. Ectogenesis, as this technology is called, would make possible to reconcile pro-life and pro-choice positions. That is because it is commonly believed that there is no right to the death of the fetus if it can be detached alive and gestated in an artificial womb. Recently Eric Mathison and Jeremy Davis defended this position, by arguing against three common arguments for a right to the death of the fetus...
November 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043104/undescended-cecum-with-accessory-right-colic-artery-a-rare-case-report
#7
Praveen Kumar Ravi, Manisha Rajanand Gaikwad, Pravash Ranjan Mishra, Naina Santosh Wakode, Prabhas Ranjan Tripathy, E Tripati Patro, Babita Kujur, Santosh Laxman Wakode
Midgut malrotation and incomplete rotation are common causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. At end of 10 week of intrauterine life, cecum will be placed in subhepatic region temporarily and descends to right lower quadrant by eleventh week. Arrest of cecum in subhepatic region or undescended cecum is a rare congenital anomaly of mid gut. Usually, it remains asymptomatic and is diagnosed incidentally. If any pathology occurs in anomalous part, like appendicitis then the diagnosis and treatment will be challenging in all age groups...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041954/combined-cognitive-and-vocational-interventions-after-mild-to-moderate-traumatic-brain-injury-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Emilie I Howe, Knut-Petter S Langlo, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Cecilie Røe, Anne-Kristine Schanke, Helene L Søberg, Unni Sveen, Eline Aas, Heidi Enehaug, Daniele E Alves, Pål Klethagen, Kjersti Sagstad, Christine M Moen, Karin Torsteinsbrend, Anne-Margrethe Linnestad, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Birte Sand Rismyhr, Grete Wangen, Juan Lu, Jennie Ponsford, Elizabeth W Twamley, Helene Ugelstad, Øystein Spjelkavik, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: A considerable proportion of patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience long-lasting somatic, cognitive, and emotional symptoms that may hamper their capacity to return to work (RTW). Although several studies have described medical, psychological, and work-related factors that predict RTW after TBI, well-controlled intervention studies regarding RTW are scarce. Furthermore, there has traditionally been weak collaboration among health-related rehabilitation services, the labor and welfare sector, and workplaces...
October 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034083/the-effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-counseling-on-anxiety-in-the-mothers-of-infants-in-the-nicu-%C3%A2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Massumeh Koochaki, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Sara Esmaelzadeh-Saeieh, Kourosh Kabir, Maryam Tehranizadeh, Mahrokh Dolatian
Background: Pressures and tensions in everyone's life can cause a wide range of mental disorders such as anxiety. One of these tensions is the birth of a baby who requires special care, which can cause personal and social problems for the mother if no appropriate measures are taken to help them. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of cognitive-behavioral counseling on anxiety in the mothers of infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Methods: This randomized controlled trial recruited 90 women presenting to Kowsar Hospital in Qazvin in 2016...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032697/the-association-of-sitting-time-with-sarcopenia-status-and-physical-performance-at-baseline-and-18-month-follow-up-in-the-residential-aged-care-setting
#10
N Reid, J W Keogh, P Swinton, P A Gardiner, Timothy Henwood
This study investigated the association of sitting time with sarcopenia and physical performance in Residential Aged Care (RAC) residents at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Measures included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sitting time), European Working Group definition of sarcopenia, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (physical performance). Logistic regression and linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations. For each hour of sitting the unadjusted odds ratio of sarcopenia was 1...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031010/evaluation-of-aprepitant-for-acute-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-children-and-adolescents-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-receiving-high-dose-methotrexate
#11
Femi Felix-Ukwu, Kate Reichert, M Brooke Bernhardt, Eric S Schafer, Amanda Berger
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) negatively impacts patients' quality of life. The emetogenicity of high-dose methotrexate in children and adolescents with cancer is incompletely characterized. At our institution, a number of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have received aprepitant with courses of high-dose methotrexate after poor CINV control with prior courses. PROCEDURE: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis on patients with ALL who received methotrexate 5 g/m(2) /dose with and without concomitant aprepitant at Texas...
October 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025443/perceptions-of-nurses-roles-in-end-of-life-care-and-organ-donation-imposition-or-obligation
#12
Kim Crymble, June Fabian, Harriet Etheredge, Petra Gaylard
South Africa has a rich organ-transplant history, and studies suggest that the SA public supports organ donation. In spite of this, persistently low donor numbers are a significant challenge. This may be due to a lack of contextually appropriate awareness and education, or to barriers to referring patients and families in clinical settings. It may also be due to ad hoc regulations that are not uniformly endorsed or implemented. In this article we present the findings of a study in Johannesburg that explored the attitudes and roles of nurses in end-of-life care and organ donation...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019327/disclosure-of-adverse-cancer-news-the-public-s-perspective-in-a-middle-eastern-country
#13
Jamal Zekri, Mohamed E El Sayed, Youssef Nauf
OBJECTIVES: The disclosure to patients of unfavorable news related to cancer remains a controversial issue in the Middle East. This study investigated the perspective of the public in Saudi Arabia regarding the disclosure of unfavorable cancer-related news. METHODS: A convenience sample of 103 adult noncancer patients attending a family medicine clinic were asked to respond to 9 closed-ended questions. These questions reflected possible adverse news from the time of diagnosis until the end of life...
September 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019319/the-asymptomatic-carotid-surgery-trial-2-acst-2-an-ongoing-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-carotid-endarterectomy-with-carotid-artery-stenting-to-prevent-stroke
#14
Richard Bulbulia, Alison Halliday
BACKGROUND: A successful open surgical operation to remove atheromatous carotid artery narrowing that has not yet caused a stroke (asymptomatic carotid stenosis) carries some procedural risk but, if completed successfully, halves patients' future annual stroke risk for at least 10 years. A newer, less invasive alternative is carotid stenting, which also carries some procedural risk, especially if the carotid lesion has recently given rise to a stroke (symptomatic carotid stenosis). For both surgery and stenting, improvements in technique (and in medication) have reduced risk...
October 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017531/can-the-collection-of-expired-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-reduce-their-coverage-and-use-sociocultural-aspects-related-to-llin-life-cycle-management-and-use-in-four-districts-in-madagascar
#15
Ambinina Ramanantsoa, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Rindra Rahenintsoa, Sarah Hoibak, Harilala Ranaivoharimina, Martha Delphine Rahelimalala, Avotiana Rakotomanga, Alyssa Finlay, Joan Muela Ribera, Koen Peeters Grietens
BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness of the likely impact increased numbers of LLINs will have on the environment, if not disposed of or recycled appropriately. As part of a World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) pilot study to assess environmentally-sound and cost-effective LLIN recycling strategies, the USAID-Deliver Project collected 22,559 used bed nets in Madagascar. A social science study was conducted to provide data on socio-cultural factors related to collection and replacement of LLINs, including impact on primary and other net uses...
October 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017018/what-is-the-impact-of-population-ageing-on-the-future-provision-of-end-of-life-care-population-based-projections-of-place-of-death
#16
Anna E Bone, Barbara Gomes, Simon N Etkind, Julia Verne, Fliss Em Murtagh, Catherine J Evans, Irene J Higginson
BACKGROUND: Population ageing represents a global challenge for future end-of-life care. Given new trends in place of death, it is vital to examine where the rising number of deaths will occur in future years and implications for health and social care. AIM: To project where people will die from 2015 to 2040 across all care settings in England and Wales. DESIGN: Population-based trend analysis and projections using simple linear modelling...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991518/hospice-care-nurses-experience-and-perception-of-older-adult-patients-experience
#17
Jennifer Annette Aeling, Ernest Chavez
OBJECTIVES: The current study sought to understand the differences hospice nurses perceived in caring for older adult patients who utilize hospice for longer and shorter periods, older adult patients' experience of hospice services, and if length of hospice stays influenced the patients' end-of-life experience. METHODS: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to extract themes and subthemes from 10 interviews conducted with hospice nursing staff. RESULTS: Four major themes were identified pertaining to nurses perspective on older adults' views of hospice and how length of hospice use impacts end-of-life care...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989706/standard-12-month-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-in-a-public-community-mental-health-setting
#18
Daniel Flynn, Mary Kells, Mary Joyce, Paul Corcoran, Conall Gillespie, Catalina Suarez, Mareike Weihrauch, Padraig Cotter
BACKGROUND: Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is noted to be an intervention with a growing body of evidence that demonstrates its efficacy in treating individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Evidence for the effectiveness of DBT in publicly funded community mental health settings is lacking however. No study to our knowledge has been published on the effectiveness of a 12 month standard DBT programme without adaptations for individuals with BPD in a publicly funded community mental health setting and no study has included data across multiple time-points...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984402/efficacy-acceptability-and-safety-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapies-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
REVIEW
K Bernardy, P Klose, P Welsch, W Häuser
This updated systematic review aimed at evaluating the efficacy, acceptability and safety of cognitive behavioural therapies (CBTs) in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Clinicaltrials.gov, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SCOPUS were searched from September 2013 to May 2017. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing CBTs with controls were analysed. Primary outcomes were ≥50% pain relief, ≥20% improvement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), negative mood, fatigue, disability, acceptability and safety at end of therapy and at 6 months follow-up...
October 6, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981983/roadmap-for-an-early-gene-therapy-for-cystic-fibrosis-airway-disease
#20
REVIEW
Marianne S Carlon, Dragana Vidović, Susan Birket
Gene therapy provides a mutation-independent approach to treat or even cure CF airway disease. To develop a clinical candidate for CF gene therapy, a thorough examination of preclinical efficacy in relevant cell and animal models is a prerequisite. For a long time, the CF field was struggling with a lack of appropriate animal models for CF airway pathology. Since 2008, many different and complementary animal models have been generated that develop hallmarks of CF airway disease, including the CF pig, ferret and rat...
October 5, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
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