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Measles vaccine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338902/assessment-of-the-status-of-measles-elimination-in-the-united-states-2001-2014
#1
Paul A Gastañaduy, Prabasaj Paul, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Susan B Redd, Ben A Lopman, Manoj Gambhir, Gregory S Wallace
We assessed the status of measles elimination in the United States using outbreak notification data. Measles transmissibility was assessed by estimation of the reproduction number, R, the average number of secondary cases per infection, using 4 methods; elimination requires maintaining R at <1. Method 1 estimates R as 1 minus the proportion of cases that are imported. Methods 2 and 3 estimate R by fitting a model of the spread of infection to data on the sizes and generations of chains of transmission, respectively...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323479/evaluation-of-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccination-among-newly-arrived-refugees
#2
Deborah Lee, Michelle Weinberg, Stephen Benoit
OBJECTIVES: To assess US availability and use of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination documentation for refugees vaccinated overseas. METHODS: We selected 1500 refugee records from 14 states from March 2013 through July 2015 to determine whether overseas vaccination records were available at the US postarrival health assessment and integrated into the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices schedule. We assessed number of doses, dosing interval, and contraindications...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318190/successful-administration-of-measles-rubella-mumps-vaccine-by-graded-challenge-in-a-case-with-anaphylaxis-after-prior-vaccination
#3
Tuba Tuncel, Ozlem Sancakli, Ece Ozdogru
Egg allergy is one of the most common food allergies during childhood along with cow's milk allergy. The measles-mumpsrubella (MMR) vaccine is included in the pediatric immunization schedule and contains egg protein. The currently accepted opinion is that the MMR vaccination should be done in a single dose under medical observation in patients with egg allergy. Although it is reported that the MMR vaccine is safe for that patients, there are some patients who developed anaphylaxis. Generally, the development of anaphylaxis after the previous vaccination is reported as a contraindication...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303812/global-eradication-of-measles-are-we-poised
#4
REVIEW
Raghavendra D Kulkarni, G S Ajantha, Aithal R Kiran, K R Pravinchandra
Measles, a highly infectious viral disease is the next target for eradication following poliovirus. Decades of experience with highly effective vaccination has invigorated us to take on this virus. The task is not only Titanic but is laced with intricate issues. Recently, an outbreak of fever with rash occurred on a tertiary care teaching hospital campus and was confirmed serologically as measles outbreak by IgMELISA. Therefore, we searched the literature related to outbreaks, transmission of the measles virus, age groups involved, vaccination strategies, vaccination failure and epidemiological features of the disease and reviewed the possible reasons for such outbreaks and problems in the global eradication of the virus...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303592/trend-of-measles-mumps-and-rubella-incidence-following-the-measles-rubella-catch-up-vaccination-in-the-republic-of-korea-2001
#5
Young June Choe, Hye-Eun Eom, Sung-Il Cho
Following the introduction of measles-rubella (MR) catch-up vaccination in 2001 and two dose measles-mumps-rubella (MMR2) keep-up program in 2002, the incidence of measles, mumps and rubella was not evaluated systematically. To describe the recent changes in epidemiology, a population based incidence study from 2001 to 2015 using national notifiable disease surveillance data was conducted. Between 2001 and 2015, there was decrease in the incidence of measles and rubella, whereas a steady increase in mump incidence was noted...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301394/effects-on-the-anti-abo-titers-of-military-blood-donors-from-a-predeployment-vaccination-program
#6
Olle Berséus
BACKGROUND: The use of blood group O as "universal blood" for emergency whole blood transfusions carries the risk for a hemolytic transfusion reaction mediated by incompatible A-/B-antibodies. This risk can be minimized by assuring that the donor has a low titer of anti-A and anti-B. The level of these naturally occurring antibodies have been shown to be increased by vaccination with most biologically derived vaccines. This boostering effect has been investigated for the new generation of vaccines...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290130/the-choosing-wisely-initiative-in-infectious-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Clara Lehmann, Reinhard Berner, Johannes R Bogner, Oliver A Cornely, Katja de With, Susanne Herold, Winfried V Kern, Sebastian Lemmen, Mathias W Pletz, Bernhard Ruf, Bernd Salzberger, Hans Jürgen Stellbrink, Norbert Suttorp, Andrew J Ullmann, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Norma Jung
OBJECTIVE: "Choosing Wisely" is a growing international campaign aiming at practice changes to improve patient health and safety by both, conduct of essential and avoidance of unnecessary diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic procedures. The goal is to create an easily recognizable and distributable list ("Choosing Wisely items") that addresses common over- and underuse in the management of infectious diseases. METHODS: The German Society of Infectious Diseases (DGI) participates in the campaign "Klug Entscheiden" by the German Society of Internal Medicine...
March 13, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289848/genome-wide-associations-of-cd46-and-ifi44l-genetic-variants-with-neutralizing-antibody-response-to-measles-vaccine
#8
Iana H Haralambieva, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Richard B Kennedy, Beth R Larrabee, Michael T Zimmermann, Diane E Grill, Daniel J Schaid, Gregory A Poland
Population-based studies have revealed 2-10% measles vaccine failure rate even after two vaccine doses. While the mechanisms behind this remain unknown, we hypothesized that host genetic factors are likely to be involved. We performed a genome-wide association study of measles specific neutralizing antibody and IFNγ ELISPOT response in a combined sample of 2872 subjects. We identified two distinct chromosome 1 regions (previously associated with MMR-related febrile seizures), associated with vaccine-induced measles neutralizing antibody titers...
April 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288747/mobile-phone-delivered-reminders-and-incentives-to-improve-childhood-immunisation-coverage-and-timeliness-in-kenya-m-simu-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Dustin G Gibson, Benard Ochieng, E Wangeci Kagucia, Joyce Were, Kyla Hayford, Lawrence H Moulton, Orin S Levine, Frank Odhiambo, Katherine L O'Brien, Daniel R Feikin
BACKGROUND: As mobile phone access continues to expand globally, opportunities exist to leverage these technologies to support demand for immunisation services and improve vaccine coverage. We aimed to assess whether short message service (SMS) reminders and monetary incentives can improve immunisation uptake in Kenya. METHODS: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, villages were randomly and evenly allocated to four groups: control, SMS only, SMS plus a 75 Kenya Shilling (KES) incentive, and SMS plus 200 KES (85 KES = USD$1)...
April 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286295/impact-of-non-medical-vaccine-exemption-policies-on-the-health-and-economic-burden-of-measles
#10
Melanie D Whittington, Allison Kempe, Amanda Dempsey, Rachel Herlihy, Jonathan D Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Despite relatively high national vaccination coverage for measles, geographic vaccination variation exists resulting in clusters of susceptibility. A portion of this geographic variation can be explained by differences in state policies related to non-medical vaccine exemptions. The objective of this analysis was to determine the magnitude, likelihood, and cost of a measles outbreak under different non-medical vaccine exemption policies. METHODS: An agent-based transmission model simulated the likelihood and magnitude of a measles outbreak under different non-medical vaccine exemption policies, previously categorized as easy, medium, or difficult...
March 9, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284678/analysis-of-the-effects-of-individual-and-community-level-factors-on-childhood-immunization-in-malawi
#11
Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Kun-Yang Chuang, Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence regarding the relationship between childhood immunization and individual- and community-level factors in low-income countries has received little attention. We compared the trends and the effects of a wide range of individual- and community-level socioeconomic factors on the likelihood of a child being immunized between 2004 and 2010 in Malawi. METHODS: We used data from the 2004 and 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey and applied generalized estimating logistic regression equation to analyze data respectively on 2042 and 3496 children aged 12-23months...
March 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280010/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-wild-type-measles-virus-isolated-during-a-2016-winter-outbreak-in-a-refugee-settlement-in-calais-france
#12
Julia Dina, Justine Hamel, Denise Antona, Astrid Vabret
Measles outbreaks are regularly reported in European countries despite efforts to improve vaccination coverage. In January 2016, an outbreak occurred in a refugee settlement in Calais, France. We report here the complete genome sequence of a wild-type measles virus isolated from a health care worker (MVi/Calais. FRA/01.16) infected during this outbreak.
March 9, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278415/paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-inaugural-annual-report-2014
#13
Yvonne A Zurynski, Jocelynne E McRae, Helen E Quinn, Nicholas J Wood, Kristine K Macartney
INTRODUCTION: The Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) network is a hospital-based active surveillance system employing prospective case ascertainment of selected uncommon vaccine preventable diseases and potential adverse events following immunisation (AEFI). PAEDS enhances other Australian surveillance systems by providing prospective detailed clinical and laboratory data for the same child. METHODS: Specialist surveillance nurses screen hospital admissions, emergency department records, laboratory and other data, to prospectively identify hospitalised children aged under 15 years in 5 paediatric tertiary referral hospitals in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274931/association-of-bcg-dtp-and-measles-containing-vaccines-with-childhood-mortality-systematic-review
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274637/immunoglobulin-gm-and-km-genes-and-measles-vaccine-induced-humoral-immunity
#15
Inna G Ovsyannikova, Beth R Larrabee, Daniel J Schaid, Gregory A Poland
Identifying genetic polymorphisms that explain variations in humoral immunity to live measles virus vaccine is of great interest. Immunoglobulin GM (heavy chain) and KM (light chain) allotypes are genetic markers known to be associated with susceptibility to several infectious diseases. We assessed associations between GM and KM genotypes and measles vaccine humoral immunity (neutralizing antibody titers) in a combined cohort (n=1796) of racially diverse healthy individuals (age 18-41years). We did not discover any significant associations between GM and/or KM genotypes and measles vaccine-induced neutralizing antibody titers...
March 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274390/accuracy-of-parent-reported-measles-containing-vaccination-status-of-children-with-measles
#16
G Liu, Z Liao, X Xu, Y Liang, Y Xiong, J Ni
OBJECTIVES: The validity of parent-reported measles-containing vaccination history in children with measles has not been assessed. This study evaluated the accuracy of parental recall of measles-containing vaccination histories in Shenzhen, China. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed to compare the data from the electronic records with parental recall. The electronic records were regarded as accurate data about the children's measles-containing vaccination status...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272332/knowledge-attitude-and-behaviours-towards-recommended-vaccinations-among-healthcare-workers
#17
Giuseppe La Torre, Stefania Scalingi, Veronica Garruto, Marco Siclari, Massimiliano Chiarini, Alice Mannocci
Healthcare workers (HCWs) are an important group of professionals exposed to biological risk during their work activities. So, the aim of this study is to perform a survey on the knowledge, attitude and behaviour of Italian HCWs towards the vaccinations recommended by the Ministry of Health. A cross-sectional study was carried out during the period September 2014-August 2015 in the Lazio region. The study was conducted by recruiting HCWs and biomedical students. The sample was comprised of 571 responders, of whom 12...
March 7, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268073/vaccinations-in-early-life-are-not-associated-with-development-of-islet-autoimmunity-in-type-1-diabetes-high-risk-children-results-from-prospective-cohort-data
#18
Andreas Beyerlein, Andreas N Strobl, Christiane Winkler, Michaela Carpus, Annette Knopff, Ewan Donnachie, Donna P Ankerst, Anette-G Ziegler
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Vaccinations in early childhood potentially stimulate the immune system and may thus be relevant for the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1D). We determined the association of vaccination burden with T1D-associated islet autoimmunity in children with high familial risk followed prospectively from birth. METHODS: A total of 20,570 certified vaccination records from 1918 children were correlated with time to onset of T1D-associated islet autoimmunity using Cox regression, considering multiple time periods up until age two years and vaccination types, and adjusting for HLA genotype, sex, delivery mode, season of birth, preterm delivery and maternal T1D status...
March 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259562/30-year-trends-in-admission-rates-for-encephalitis-in-children-in-england-and-effect-of-improved-diagnostics-and-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccination-a-population-based-observational-study
#19
Mildred A Iro, Manish Sadarangani, Raphael Goldacre, Alecia Nickless, Andrew J Pollard, Michael J Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Encephalitis is a serious neurological disorder, yet data on admission rates for all-cause childhood encephalitis in England are scarce. We aimed to estimate admission rates for childhood encephalitis in England over 33 years (1979-2011), to describe trends in admission rates, and to observe how these rates have varied with the introduction of vaccines and improved diagnostics. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis of hospital admission statistics for encephalitis for individuals aged 0-19 years using national data from the Hospital Inpatient Enquiry (HIPE, 1979-85) and Hospital Episode Statistics (HES, 1990-2011)...
March 1, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256359/measles-epidemic-in-brazil-in-the-post-elimination-period-coordinated-response-and-containment-strategies
#20
Daniele Rocha Queiroz Lemos, Aidée Ramirez Franco, Maria Lúcia Feitosa de Sá Roriz, Ana Karine Borges Carneiro, Márcio Henrique de Oliveira Garcia, Fábia Lidiana de Souza, Regina Duron Andino, Luciano Pamplona de Góes Cavalcanti
The measles virus circulation was halted in Brazil in 2001 and the country has a routine vaccination coverage against measles, mumps and rubella higher than 95%. In Ceará, the last confirmed case was in 1999. This article describes the strategies adopted and the effectiveness of surveillance and control measures implemented during a measles epidemic in the post-elimination period. The epidemic started in December 2013 and lasted 20 months, reaching 38 cities and 1,052 confirmed cases. The D8 genotype was identified...
February 27, 2017: Vaccine
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