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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147091/evaluation-of-the-digestibility-of-korean-hanwoo-beef-cuts-using-the-in-vitro-physicochemical-upper-gastrointestinal-system
#1
Ji-Hye Jeon, Michelle Yoo, Tae-Hwan Jung, Woo-Min Jeon, Kyoung-Sik Han
The aim of this study was to investigate the digestibility of different Korean Hanwoo beef cuts using an in vitro digestion model, in vitro physicochemical upper gastrointestinal system (IPUGS). The four most commonly consumed cuts - tenderloin, sirloin, brisket and flank, and bottom round - were chosen for this study. Beef samples (75 g) were cooked and ingested into IPUGS, which was composed of mouth, esophagus, and stomach, thereby simulating the digestion conditions of humans. Digested samples were collected every 15 min for 4 h of simulation and their pH monitored...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144212/morphological-and-molecular-characterization-of-two-new-species-of-andracantha-acanthocephala-polymorphidae-from-new-zealand-shags-phalacrocoracidae-and-penguins-spheniscidae-with-a-key-to-the-species
#2
B Presswell, M García-Varela, L R Smales
Two new species of Andracantha (Polymorphidae) are described from the intestine of the shags Leucocarbo chalconotus (Gray) and Phalacrocorax punctatus (Sparrman), and the penguin Eudyptula minor (Forster) from southern South Island, New Zealand. Andracantha leucocarboi n. sp. is distinguished from its congeners by having no genital or ventral trunk spines, but possessing a scattering of small spines between the anterior fields of spines. This is the first record of a species of Andracantha from a penguin. Circumbursal papillae are illustrated in a scanning electron micrograph for the first time in the polymorphids...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142881/smear-layer-removal-by-different-chemical-solutions-used-with-or-without-ultrasonic-activation-after-post-preparation
#3
Daniel Poletto, Ana Claudia Poletto, Andressa Cavalaro, Ricardo Machado, Leopoldo Cosme-Silva, Cássia Cilene Dezan Garbelini, Márcio Grama Hoeppner
Objectives: This study evaluated smear layer removal by different chemical solutions used with or without ultrasonic activation after post preparation. Materials and Methods: Forty-five extracted uniradicular human mandibular premolars with single canals were treated endodontically. The cervical and middle thirds of the fillings were then removed, and the specimens were divided into 9 groups: G1, saline solution (NaCl); G2, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); G3, 2% chlorhexidine (CHX); G4, 11...
November 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141422/coverage-dependent-molecular-assembly-of-anthraquinone-on-au-111
#4
Andrew S DeLoach, Brad R Conrad, T L Einstein, Daniel B Dougherty
A scanning tunneling microscopy study of anthraquinone (AQ) on the Au(111) surface shows that the molecules self-assemble into several structures depending on the local surface coverage. At high coverages, a close-packed saturated monolayer is observed, while at low coverages, mobile surface molecules coexist with stable chiral hexamer clusters. At intermediate coverages, a disordered 2D porous network interlinking close-packed islands is observed in contrast to the giant honeycomb networks observed for the same molecule on Cu(111)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140375/plasma-of-argon-increases-cell-attachment-and-bacterial-decontamination-on-different-implant-surfaces
#5
Luigi Canullo, Tullio Genova, Hom-Lay Wang, Stefano Carossa, Federico Mussano
PURPOSE: This in vitro study tested the effects of argon atmospheric pressure dielectric barrier discharge (APDBD) on different implant surfaces with regard to physical changes, bacterial decontamination, and osteoblast adhesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven hundred twenty disks with three different surface topographies-machined (MAC), titanium plasma-sprayed (TPS), and zirconia-blasted and acid-etched (ZRT)-were tested in this experiment. Bacterial adhesion tests were performed repeatedly on a simplified biofilm of Streptococcus mitis...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140317/scanning-system-for-angle-resolved-low-coherence-interferometry
#6
Zachary A Steelman, Derek Ho, Kengyeh K Chu, Adam Wax
Angle-resolved low-coherence interferometry (a/LCI) detects precancer by enabling depth-resolved measurements of nuclear morphology in vivo. A significant limitation of a/LCI is the point-probe nature of the method, sampling <0.5  mm(2) before probe relocation is necessary. In this work, we demonstrate a scanning method capable of assessing an area >100  mm(2) without repositioning. By utilizing a reflection-only three-optic rotator prism and a two-axis scanning mirror, we demonstrate radial scans of a sample with a linear range of 12 mm and a full rotational range of 180°...
November 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135948/effect-of-a-lactobacillus-salivarius-probiotic-on-a-double-species-streptococcus-mutans-and-candida-albicans-caries-biofilm
#7
Wirginia Krzyściak, Dorota Kościelniak, Monika Papież, Palina Vyhouskaya, Katarzyna Zagórska-Świeży, Iwona Kołodziej, Beata Bystrowska, Anna Jurczak
The aim of the study was to evaluate the anti-cariogenic effects of Lactobacillus salivarius by reducing pathogenic species and biofilm mass in a double-species biofilm model. Coexistence of S. mutans with C. albicans can cause dental caries progression or recurrence of the disease in the future. Fifty-nine children with diagnosed early childhood caries (ECC) were recruited onto the study. The condition of the children's dentition was defined according to the World Health Organization guidelines. The participants were divided into children with initial enamel demineralization and children showing dentin damage...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132029/reconstruction-of-atomic-force-microscopy-image-using-compressed-sensing
#8
Guoqiang Han, Bo Lin, Yuling Lin
Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is one of the most popular and advanced tools for ultra high-resolution imaging and nanomanipulation of nano-scale matter. But AFM imaging typically takes a long time. High-speed and high-precision AFM measurement has attracted wide attention in recent several years. In traditional AFM, simple reduction in the number of measurement points may lose essential sample topography information. To resolve such problems, an AFM image reconstruction method based on Compressed Sensing (CS) theory is applied to reduce image acquisition time without cutting down the image quality...
November 10, 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127023/interobserver-variation-among-pathologists-and-refinement-of-criteria-in-distinguishing-separate-primary-tumours-from-intrapulmonary-metastases-in-lung
#9
Andrew G Nicholson, Kathleen Torkko, Patrizia Viola, Edwina Duhig, Kim Geisinger, Alain C Borczuk, Kenzo Hiroshima, Ming S Tsao, Arne Warth, Sylvie Lantuejoul, Prudence A Russell, Erik Thunnissen, Alberto Marchevsky, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Mary Beth Beasley, Johan Botling, Sanja Dacic, Yasushi Yatabe, Masayuki Noguchi, William D Travis, Keith Kerr, Fred R Hirsch, Lucian R Chirieac, Ignacio I Wistuba, Andre Moreira, Jin-Haeng Chung, Teh Ying Chou, Lukas Bubendorf, Gang Chen, Giuseppe Pelosi, Claudia Poleri, Frank C Detterbeck, Wilbur A Franklin
Multiple tumor nodules (MTNs) are seen with increasing frequency in clinical practice. Based on the 2015 WHO classification of lung tumors, we assessed the reproducibility of the comprehensive histologic assessment (CHA) to distinguish second primary lung cancers (SPLC) from intrapulmonary metastases (IPM), looking for the most distinctive histological features. An international panel of lung pathologists reviewed a scanned sequential cohort of 126 tumors from 48 patients, recorded an agreed set of histologic features, including tumor typing and predominant pattern of adenocarcinoma, thereby opining whether the case was SPLC, IPM or a combination...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125242/external-female-genitalia-of-six-species-of-the-genus-meccus-hemiptera-reduviidae-triatominae
#10
Nancy Rivas, Victor Sánchez-Cordero, Alejandro D Camacho, Ricardo Alejandre-Aguilar
Triatomine classification is based on morphological characteristics. Studies have been conducted to improve their identification by observing many characteristics. However, there are problems of differentiating among highly interrelated species and new criteria are required. The purpose of this study was to determine the morphological differences in the external female genitalia of M. pallidipennis, M. longipennis, M. picturatus, M. bassolsae, M. mazzottii, and M. phyllosomus in order to distinguish among species using scanning electron microscopy...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120977/use-of-a-scan-ultrasound-and-optical-coherence-tomography-to-differentiate-papilledema-from-pseudopapilledema
#11
Roberto Saenz, Han Cheng, Thomas C Prager, Laura J Frishman, Rosa A Tang
SIGNIFICANCE: Differentiating papilledema from pseudopapilledema reflecting tilted/crowded optic discs or disc drusen is critical but can be challenging. Our study suggests that spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and retrobulbar optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measured by A-scan ultrasound provide useful information when differentiating the two conditions. PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of A-scan ultrasound and spectral-domain OCT retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) in differentiating papilledema associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension from pseudopapilledema...
November 9, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116207/quantum-light-in-curved-low-dimensional-hexagonal-boron-nitride-systems
#12
Nathan Chejanovsky, Youngwook Kim, Andrea Zappe, Benjamin Stuhlhofer, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Durga Dasari, Amit Finkler, Jurgen H Smet, Jörg Wrachtrup
Low-dimensional wide bandgap semiconductors open a new playing field in quantum optics using sub-bandgap excitation. In this field, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) has been reported to host single quantum emitters (QEs), linking QE density to perimeters. Furthermore, curvature/perimeters in transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have demonstrated a key role in QE formation. We investigate a curvature-abundant BN system - quasi one-dimensional BN nanotubes (BNNTs) fabricated via a catalyst-free method. We find that non-treated BNNT is an abundant source of stable QEs and analyze their emission features down to single nanotubes, comparing dispersed/suspended material...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114631/bore-disruption-an-unusual-mechanical-failure-of-two-hip-hemiarthroplasties
#13
Federico Dettoni, Umberto Cottino, Silvia Spriano, Davide Edoardo Bonasia, Roberto Rossi
We report a case of two hemiarthroplasties (HAs) that underwent an unexpected mechanical failure. Two patients affected by femoral fractures were treated with an HA. At 5 and 7 years after surgery, they showed a breakage of the HA at the head-stem junction. We analyzed macroscopically and microscopically (by a scanning electron microscopy) the surfaces of the broken prostheses. In both cases, a fracture was detected starting at the joining point between the femoral head and the slot that receives the taper cone of the stem (the so-called bore), with the typical macroscopic and microscopic pattern of a fatigue fracture...
March 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114435/hepatitis-c-virus-genie-a-web-2-0-interpretation-and-analytics-platform-for-the-versant-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-line-probe-assay-version-2-0
#14
Alex M Dussaq, Abha Soni, Christopher Willey, Seung L Park, Shuko Harada
Context: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotyping at our institution is performed using the Versant HCV genotype 2.0 Line Probe Assay (LiPA). The last steps of this procedure are manual, laborious, and error-prone process that involves the comparison of the banding pattern on a test strip to a physical reference table. Aim: We developed a web-based HCV genotype interpretation platform that utilizes a scanned image to generate the genotypes, thus minimizing interpretation time and reducing error...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113050/resistive-switching-of-sub-10-nm-tio%C3%A2-nanoparticle-self-assembled-monolayers
#15
Dirk Oliver Schmidt, Nicolas Raab, Michael Noyong, Venugopal Santhanam, Regina Dittmann, Ulrich Simon
Resistively switching devices are promising candidates for the next generation of non-volatile data memories. Such devices are up to now fabricated mainly by means of top-down approaches that apply thin films sandwiched between electrodes. Recent works have demonstrated that resistive switching (RS) is also feasible on chemically synthesized nanoparticles (NPs) in the 50 nm range. Following this concept, we developed this approach further to the sub-10 nm range. In this work, we report RS of sub-10 nm TiO₂ NPs that were self-assembled into monolayers and transferred onto metallic substrates...
November 4, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112945/biomechanical-changes-during-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-growth
#16
Raoul R F Stevens, Andrii Grytsan, Jacopo Biasetti, Joy Roy, Moritz Lindquist Liljeqvist, T Christian Gasser
The biomechanics-based Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) rupture risk assessment has gained considerable scientific and clinical momentum. However, such studies have mainly focused on information at a single time point, and little is known about how AAA properties change over time. Consequently, the present study explored how geometry, wall stress-related and blood flow-related biomechanical properties change during AAA expansion. Four patients with a total of 23 Computed Tomography-Angiography (CT-A) scans at different time points were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112926/fabrication-of-mn3o4-carbon-nanotube-composites-with-high-areal-capacitance-using-cationic-and-anionic-dispersants
#17
M S Ata, J Milne, I Zhitomirsky
Mn3O4-multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) electrodes for supercapacitors with high active mass loadings have been fabricated with the goal of achieving a high area normalized capacitance (CS) and enhanced capacitance retention at high charge-discharge rates. Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) sodium salt P(SSA-MA) was used as a charging and dispersing agent for the fabrication of Mn3O4. The unique bonding properties of the MA monomers allowed efficient P(SSA-MA) adsorption on Mn3O4, whereas SSA monomers imparted a negative charge...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112378/nanoscale-control-over-the-mixing-behavior-of-surface-confined-bicomponent-supramolecular-networks-using-an-oriented-external-electric-field
#18
Gangamallaiah Velpula, Joan Teyssandier, Steven De Feyter, Kunal S Mali
Strong electric fields are known to influence the properties of molecules as well as materials. Here we show that by changing the orientation of an externally applied electric field, one can locally control the mixing behavior of two molecules physisorbed on a solid surface. Whether the starting two-component network evolves into an ordered two-dimensional (2D) cocrystal, yields an amorphous network where the two components phase separate, or shows preferential adsorption of only one component depends on the solution stoichiometry...
November 7, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110446/dense-concentric-circle-scanning-protocol-for-measuring-pulsatile-retinal-blood-flow-in-rats-with-doppler-optical-coherence-tomography
#19
Bingyao Tan, Zohreh Hosseinaee, Kostadinka Bizheva
The variability in the spatial orientation of retinal blood vessels near the optic nerve head (ONH) results in imprecision of the measured Doppler angle and therefore the pulsatile blood flow (BF), when those parameters are evaluated using Doppler OCT imaging protocols based on dual-concentric circular scans. Here, we utilized a dense concentric circle scanning protocol and evaluated its precision for measuring pulsatile retinal BF in rats for different numbers of the circular scans. An spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system operating in the 1060-nm spectral range with image acquisition rate of 47,000 A-scans/s was used to acquire concentric circular scans centered at the rat's ONH, with diameters ranging from 0...
November 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109819/characterization-of-the-resistance-and-force-of-a-carbon-nanotube-metal-side-contact-by-nanomanipulation
#20
Ning Yu, Masahiro Nakajima, Qing Shi, Zhan Yang, Huaping Wang, Lining Sun, Qiang Huang, Toshio Fukuda
A high contact resistance restricts the application of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in fabrication of field-effect transistors (FETs). Thus, it is important to decrease the contact resistance and investigate the critical influence factors such as the contact length and contact force. This study uses nanomanipulation to characterize both the resistance and the force at a CNT/Au side-contact interface inside a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Two-terminal CNT manipulation methods, and models for calculating the resistance and force at contact area, are proposed to guide the measurement experiments of a total resistance and a cantilever's elastic deformation...
2017: Scanning
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