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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644401/the-investigation-of-electrochemistry-behaviors-of-tyrosinase-based-on-directly-electrodeposited-grapheneon-choline-gold-nanoparticles
#1
Yaping He, Xiaohui Yang, Quan Han, Jianbin Zheng
A novel catechol (CA) biosensor was developed by embedding tyrosinase (Tyr) onto in situ electrochemical reduction graphene (EGR) on choline-functionalized gold nanoparticle (AuNPs-Ch) film. The results of UV-Vis spectra indicated that Tyr retained its original structure in the film, and an electrochemical investigation of the biosensor showed a pair of well-defined, quasi-reversible redox peaks with Epa = -0.0744 V and Epc = -0.114 V (vs. SCE) in 0.1 M, pH 7.0 sodium phosphate-buffered saline at a scan rate of 100 mV/s...
June 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642263/volumetric-analysis-from-a-harmonized-multisite-brain-mri-study-of-a-single-subject-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
R T Shinohara, J Oh, G Nair, P A Calabresi, C Davatzikos, J Doshi, R G Henry, G Kim, K A Linn, N Papinutto, D Pelletier, D L Pham, D S Reich, W Rooney, S Roy, W Stern, S Tummala, F Yousuf, A Zhu, N L Sicotte, R Bakshi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: MR imaging can be used to measure structural changes in the brains of individuals with multiple sclerosis and is essential for diagnosis, longitudinal monitoring, and therapy evaluation. The North American Imaging in Multiple Sclerosis Cooperative steering committee developed a uniform high-resolution 3T MR imaging protocol relevant to the quantification of cerebral lesions and atrophy and implemented it at 7 sites across the United States. To assess intersite variability in scan data, we imaged a volunteer with relapsing-remitting MS with a scan-rescan at each site...
June 22, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636819/superelastic-pseudocapacitors-from-freestanding-mno2-decorated-graphene-coated-carbon-nanotube-aerogels
#3
Yepin Zhao, Maxwell Patrick Li, Siyuan Liu, Mohammad F Islam
In recent years, the demand for emerging electronic devices has driven efforts to develop electrochemical capacitors with high power and energy densities that can preserve capacitance under and after recovery from mechanical deformation. We have developed superelastic pseudocapacitors using ≈ 1.5 mm thick graphene-coated single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) aerogels decorated with manganese oxide (MnO2) as freestanding electrodes that retain high volumetric capacitance and electrochemical stability before, under, and after recovery from 50% compression...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633858/effects-of-processing-parameters-in-the-sonic-assisted-water-extraction-sawe-of-6-gingerol
#4
Syaripah Zaimah Syed Jaapar, Noor Azian Morad, Yoshio Iwai, Mariam Firdhaus Mad Nordin
The use of water in subcritical conditions for extraction has several drawbacks. These include the safety features, higher production costs and possible degradation of the bioactive compounds. To overcome these problems, sonic energy and an entrainer were used as external interventions to decrease the polarity of water at milder operating conditions. The effect of low (28kHz) and high (800kHz) frequencies of sonication in the extraction of the main ginger bioactive compound (6-gingerol) were compared. Six parameters were studied: mean particle size (MPS, mm), time of extraction, applied power, sample to solvent ratio (w/v), temperature of extraction, and the percentage of entrainer...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630915/ultralight-scalable-and-high-temperature-resilient-ceramic-nanofiber-sponges
#5
Haolun Wang, Xuan Zhang, Ning Wang, Yan Li, Xue Feng, Ya Huang, Chunsong Zhao, Zhenglian Liu, Minghao Fang, Gang Ou, Huajian Gao, Xiaoyan Li, Hui Wu
Ultralight and resilient porous nanostructures have been fabricated in various material forms, including carbon, polymers, and metals. However, the development of ultralight and high-temperature resilient structures still remains extremely challenging. Ceramics exhibit good mechanical and chemical stability at high temperatures, but their brittleness and sensitivity to flaws significantly complicate the fabrication of resilient porous ceramic nanostructures. We report the manufacturing of large-scale, lightweight, high-temperature resilient, three-dimensional sponges based on a variety of oxide ceramic (for example, TiO2, ZrO2, yttria-stabilized ZrO2, and BaTiO3) nanofibers through an efficient solution blow-spinning process...
June 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627682/microvesicles-released-from-human-embryonic-stem-cell-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-inhibit-proliferation-of-leukemia-cells
#6
Yuan Ji, Yongbin Ma, Xiang Chen, Xianyan Ji, Jianyi Gao, Lei Zhang, Kai Ye, Fuhao Qiao, Yao Dai, Hui Wang, Xiangmei Wen, Jiang Lin, Jiabo Hu
Human embryonic stem cell derived-mesenchymal stem cells (hESC‑MSCs) are able to inhibit proliferation of leukemia cells. Microvesicles released from human embryonic stem cell derived-mesenchymal stem cells (hESC‑MSC‑MVs) might play an important part in antitumor activity. Microvesicles were isolated by ultracentrifugation and identified under a scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscope separately. After 48-h cocultured with hESC‑MSCs and hESC‑MSC‑MVs, the number of K562 and HL60 was counted and tumor cell viability was measured by CCK8 assay...
June 16, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625663/development-of-complete-dentures-based-on-digital-intraoral-impressions-case-report
#7
Jing-Huan Fang, Xueyin An, Seung-Mi Jeong, Byung-Ho Choi
PATIENT: A 60-year-old man presented for refabrication of his maxillary complete denture. In this case, a digital process was chosen to replace the ill-fitted complete maxillary denture. A specialized scan retractor was used to retract the mobile tissues of the lips, cheeks and vestibule while taking a digital impression. The interocclusal record obtained in the patient's mouth was scanned in order to digitally register the occlusal vertical dimension. The denture base and teeth were designed on virtual models that were mounted at the occlusal vertical dimension, and were made using CAD/CAM technology...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623365/preparation-of-core-shell-structure-kclo4-al-cuo-nanoenergetic-material-and-enhancement-of-thermal-behavior
#8
Fan Yang, Xiaoli Kang, Jiangshan Luo, Zao Yi, Yongjian Tang
In this paper, a solvent/non-solvent synthetic approach has been utilized in preparing a new nanoenergetic material KClO4@Al/CuO by coating Al/CuO nanocomposites particles with a layer of nanoscale oxidizer KClO4. The coating process and mechanism are discussed. The composites of Al/CuO are uniformly mixed by mechanical ball milling process and CuO acts as a catalytic metallic oxide. The ternary mixtures KClO4@Al/CuO were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the results reveal that after ball-milling and chemical synthesis process, the phase compositions haven't changed...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621391/trace-determination-of-hg-ii-in-human-saliva-using-disposable-electrochemically-pretreated-graphite-pencil-electrode-surfaces
#9
Abdel-Nasser Kawde
An electrochemically pretreated graphite pencil electrode (PGPE) was designed to assay trace levels of Hg(II) in human saliva. The GPE was pretreated in 0.1 mol/L nitric acid by cycling the potential between -1.6 and -0.6 V for 60 cycles at a scan rate of 50 mV/s. The effects of pretreatment conditions, including media constituents, pH, and various electrochemical techniques and parameters, were analyzed and optimum conditions determined. Square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV) was used for the determination of Hg(II)...
June 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620636/a-scanning-electron-microscopic-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-etidronic-acid-smearclear-and-mtad-in-removing-the-intracanal-smear-layer
#10
Hemant Kumar Yadav, Rakesh Kumar Yadav, Anil Chandra, Aseem Prakash Tikku
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Root canal therapy should not simply be the extirpation of the pulp and widening of the canal. But one should also focus on how to completely remove the loosely-attached smear layer because it has adverse effects on the final outcome of the treatment. PURPOSE: This study compared the efficacy of Etidronic acid, SmearClear and MTAD to remove the smear layer created during instrumentation in different regions of the root canal. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Fifty single-rooted mandibular premolars were decoronated from the cementoenamel junction and instrumented using the ProTaper universal rotary file system along with copious irrigation by 1...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619098/interventions-to-prevent-hemodynamic-instability-during-renal-replacement-therapy-for-acute-kidney-injury-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Adrianna Douvris, Swapnil Hiremath, Lauralyn McIntyre, Lindsey Sikora, Catherine Weber, Edward G Clark
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamic instability during renal replacement therapy (HIRRT) in the form of intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is a frequent complication of hemodialysis in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), and most studies have focused on this chronic population. However, HIRRT is also an important concern for critically ill ICU patients with acute kidney injury (AKI), complicating an estimated 30% of dialysis treatments in this population. HIRRT can exacerbate organ hypoperfusion in the setting of critical illness and may negatively impact renal recovery in the AKI population...
June 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616826/deposition-of-crystalline-hydroxyapatite-nano-particle-on-zirconia-ceramic-a-potential-solution-for-the-poor-bonding-characteristic-of-zirconia-ceramics-to-resin-cement
#12
Abbas Azari, Sakineh Nikzad, Arash Yazdani, Faezeh Atri, Abbas Fazel Anvari-Yazdi
The poor bonding strength of zirconia to different dental substrates is one of the challenging issues in restorative dentistry. Hydroxyapatite is an excellent biocompatible material with fine bonding properties. In this study, it was hypothesized that hydroxyapatite coating on zirconia would improve its bond strength. Forty-five zirconia blocks were prepared and randomly divided into three groups: hydroxyapatite coating, sandblasting, and no preparation (control). The blocks were bonded to cement and the micro-shear bond strength was measured following load application...
July 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615660/scanning-tunnelling-microscope-light-emission-finite-temperature-current-noise-and-over-cut-off-emission
#13
Vijith Kalathingal, Paul Dawson, J Mitra
The spectral distribution of light emitted from a scanning tunnelling microscope junction not only bears its intrinsic plasmonic signature but is also imprinted with the characteristics of optical frequency fluc- tuations of the tunnel current. Experimental spectra from gold-gold tunnel junctions are presented that show a strong bias (V b ) dependence, curiously with emission at energies higher than the quantum cut-off (eV b ); a component that decays monotonically with increasing bias. The spectral evolution is explained by developing a theoretical model for the power spectral density of tunnel current fluctuations, incorporating finite temperature contribution through consideration of the quantum transport in the system...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613404/stability-and-activity-of-non-noble-based-catalysts-toward-the-hydrogen-evolution-reaction-feasible-electrocatalysts-in-acidic-medium
#14
Marc Ledendecker, Jared Mondschein, Olga Kasian, Simon Geiger, Daniel Göhl, Max Schalenbach, Aleksandar Zeradjanin, Serhiy Cherevko, Raymond E Schaak, Karl Mayrhofer
Fundamental understanding of the behavior of non-noble based materials toward the HER is crucial for the successful implementation into practical devices. Through the implementation of a highly sensitive online ICP-MS coupled to a scanning flow cell, an activity and stability protocol for non-noble electrocatalysts is presented. The studied catalysts comprise a range of compositions, including metal carbides (WC), sulfides (MoS2), phosphides (Ni5P4, Co2P), their base metals (W, Ni, Mo, Co) and their activity, stability and degradation behavior was elaborated and compared to platinum...
June 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609786/gravimetric-measurements-of-filtering-facepiece-respirators-challenged-with-diesel-exhaust
#15
Swathi Satish, Jacob J Swanson, Kai Xiao, Andrew S Viner, David B Kittelson, David Y H Pui
Elevated concentrations of diesel exhaust have been linked to adverse health effects. Filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) are widely used as a form of respiratory protection against diesel particulate matter (DPM) in occupational settings. Previous results (Penconek A, Drążyk P, Moskal A. (2013) Penetration of diesel exhaust particles through commercially available dust half masks. Ann Occup Hyg; 57: 360-73.) have suggested that common FFRs are less efficient than would be expected for this purpose based on their certification approvals...
June 13, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604823/the-chromosome-analysis-of-the-miscarriage-tissue-miscarried-embryo-fetal-crown-rump-length-crl-measurement-a-practical-use
#16
Silvia D'ippolito, Nicoletta Di Simone, Daniela Orteschi, Maria Grazia Pomponi, Maurizio Genuardi, Leuconoe Grazia Sisti, Roberta Castellani, Esther Diana Rossi, Giovanni Scambia, Marcella Zollino
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether miscarried embryo/fetal crown rump length (CRL) measurement may yield a practical application for predicting a conclusive result at the cytogenetic analysis of miscarriage tissue. Our study might help in improving the cytogenetic method, the results of which may be affected by maternal cell contamination (MCC). In particular, we aimed at establishing whether the miscarried embryo/fetal CRL measurement shows accuracy in predicting the possibility of MCC and the scan cut-off value useful to this purpose and, as a result, suggest a multi-step procedure for the genetic ascertainment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603967/coffee-driven-green-activation-of-cellulose-and-its-use-for-all-paper-flexible-supercapacitors
#17
Donggue Lee, Yoon-Gyo Cho, Hyun-Kon Song, Sang-Jin Chun, Sang-Bum Park, Don-Ha Choi, Sun-Young Lee, JongTae Yoo, Sang-Young Lee
Cellulose, which is one of the most abundant and renewable natural resources, has been extensively explored as an alternative substance for electrode materials such as activated carbons. Here, we demonstrate a new class of coffee-mediated green activation of cellulose as a new environmentally benign chemical activation strategy and its potential use for all-paper flexible supercapacitors. A piece of paper towel is soaked in espresso coffee (acting as a natural activating agent) and then pyrolyzed to yield paper-derived activated carbons (denoted as "EK-ACs")...
June 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599564/optical-measurement-of-guided-waves
#18
Aaron T Darnton, Massimo Ruzzene
This paper demonstrates an optical method for measuring guided waves in plates that is much faster than traditional scanning approaches. By recording the wavefield with a high-speed camera and applying a post-processing method, the wavefield can be extracted from the static and noise components within the measured signal. This technique is demonstrated with a transient wave in a fiber-glass plate. A comparison of the wavefield is made to data measured with a scanning laser Doppler velocimeter (SLDV). Good agreement is found between the measurements from the optical technique and the SLDV...
May 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597834/-magnetic-resonance-imaging-artefacts-and-fixed-orthodontic-attachments
#19
Aurélien Beau, Denis Bossard, Sarah Gebeile-Chauty
OBJECTIVES: Orthodontic appliances are often removed before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans because they are known to produce artefacts. The purpose of this study was to find the exact indications for removal of various fixed attachments when imaging four specific areas of the head and neck. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients requiring an MRI scan of the head for medical reasons volunteered for this investigation. One of four different types of fixed attachments (stainless steel brackets, titanium brackets, ceramic brackets with metal slots, and stainless steel retainers) were assigned to a patient...
June 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596085/brief-hyperopic-defocus-or-form-deprivation-have-different-effects-on-eye-growth-and-ocular-rhythms-depending-on-the-time-of-day-of-exposure
#20
Debora L Nickla, Kelsey Jordan, Jane Yang, Kristen Totonelly
It is generally accepted that myopic defocus is a more potent signal to the emmetropization system than hyperopic defocus: one hour per day of myopic defocus cancels out 11 h of hyperopic defocus. However, we have recently shown that the potency of brief episodes of myopic defocus at inhibiting eye growth depends on the time of day of exposure. We here ask if this will also be true of the responses to brief periods of hyperopic defocus: may integration of the signal depend on time of day? If so, are the rhythms in axial length and choroidal thickness altered? Hyperopic defocus: Birds had one eye exposed to hyperopic defocus by the wearing of -10D lenses for 2 or 6 h at one of 3 times of day for 5 days: Morning (7 a...
June 5, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
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