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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053106/issues-in-quantification-of-registered-respiratory-gated-pet-ct-in-the-lung
#1
Vesna Cuplov, Beverley Fiona Holman, Jamie R McClelland, Marc Modat, Brian F Hutton, Kris Thielemans
PET/CT quantification of lung tissue is limited by several difficulties: the lung density and local volume changes during respiration, the anatomical mismatch between PET and CT and the relative contributions of tissue, air and blood to the PET signal (the tissue fraction effect). Air Fraction Correction (AFC) has been shown to improve PET image quantification in the lungs. Methods to correct for the movement and anatomical mismatch involve respiratory gating and image registration techniques. While conventional registration methods only account for spatial mismatch, the Jacobian determinant of the deformable registration transformation field can be used to estimate local volume changes and could therefore potentially be used to correct (i...
October 20, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052774/intrathoracic-tuberculous-lymphadenopathy-in-children-a-guide-to-chest-radiography
#2
REVIEW
Anthony George, Savvas Andronikou, Tanyia Pillay, Pierre Goussard, Heather J Zar
Making the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children can be difficult because microbiological confirmation is not often achieved. Diagnosis is therefore often based on clinical features in combination with chest radiograph findings. Chest radiographs can demonstrate lymphadenopathy of the hilar and para-tracheal regions on the anteroposterior view, and subcarinal lymphadenopathy on the lateral view. However poor interobserver agreement has been reported for radiologist and clinician assessment of lymphadenopathy...
September 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052747/angiosomal-radiopathologic-analysis-of-transarterial-radioembolization%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#3
Altan F Ahmed, Naziya Samreen, Joseph R Grajo, Ivan Zendejas, Chris L Sistrom, Amy Collinsworth, Ashwini Esnakula, Jehan L Shah, Roniel Cabrera, Brian S Geller, Beau B Toskich
PURPOSE: To assess the radiopathologic correlation following Yttrium-90 transarterial radioembolization (TARE) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using variable radiodosimetry to identify imaging surrogates of histologic response. METHODS: Twelve patients with HCC underwent ablative (≥ 190 Gy) and/or non-ablative (< 190 Gy) TARE delivered in a segmental, lobar, or combined fashion as a surgical neoadjuvant or bridge to transplantation. Both targeted tumor and treatment angiosome were analyzed before and after TARE utilizing hepatocyte-specific contrast-enhanced MRI or contrast-enhanced CT...
October 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052608/a-novel-and-faster-method-of-manual-grading-to-measure-choroidal-thickness-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#4
K X Cheong, L W Lim, K Z Li, C S Tan
PurposeChoroidal thickness (CT) measurements are typically obtained from manual segmentation of optical coherence tomography (OCT) B-scans. This method is time-consuming. We aimed to describe a novel and faster technique to obtain CT measurements.Patients and methodsIn a prospective cohort study of 200 healthy eyes, Spectral-Domain OCT with enhanced depth imaging were performed with the Spectralis OCT using standardised imaging protocols. The OCT scans were independently graded by reading centre-certified graders...
October 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052582/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#5
REVIEW
Fernando J Martinez, Harold R Collard, Annie Pardo, Ganesh Raghu, Luca Richeldi, Moises Selman, Jeffrey J Swigris, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Athol U Wells
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive lung disease characterized by progressive lung scarring and the histological picture of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). It is associated with increasing cough and dyspnoea and impaired quality of life. IPF affects ∼3 million people worldwide, with incidence increasing dramatically with age. The diagnostic approach includes the exclusion of other interstitial lung diseases or overlapping conditions and depends on the identification of the UIP pattern, usually with high-resolution CT; lung biopsy might be required in some patients...
October 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052351/analysis-of-the-clinical-features-of-invasive-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis
#6
Yueqin Cao, Changzhou Shao, Yuanlin Song
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis of invasive bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (IBPA) is difficult, so the mortality rate is high. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the clinical features of IBPA. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical features, imaging findings, laboratory test, diagnosis, and treatment of 115 patients with IBPA diagnosed from October 2004 to June 2013 in Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University. RESULTS: The main clinical manifestations were cough in 58 patients (50...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052248/comparative-anatomical-study-of-sound-production-and-reception-systems-in-the-common-dolphin-delphinus-delphis-and-the-harbour-porpoise-phocoena-phocoena-heads
#7
M Arribart, J Ognard, C Tavernier, Y Richaudeau, C Guintard, W Dabin, D Ben Salem, J-L Jung
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans were used to analyse, respectively, the soft tissues and the bones of the heads of four common dolphins and three harbour porpoises. This imaging study was completed by an examination of anatomical sections performed on two odontocete heads (a subadult common dolphin and a subadult harbour porpoise). The three complementary approaches allowed to illustrate anatomical differences in the echolocation systems of the common dolphin and the harbour porpoise...
October 19, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052025/ultra-low-dose-ct-coronary-angiography-using-128-slice-dual-source-ct-with-low-concentration-contrast-agent-initial-experience
#8
Lei Zhao, Aishi Liu, Youmin Guo
PURPOSE: To optimize and evaluate an ultra-low-dose (ULD) technique for CT coronary angiography (CTCA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-two patients were randomly divided into two groups. ULD and routine CTCA were performed in groups A and B. Image quality, radiation dose and contrast agent were evaluated. RESULTS: The effective dose (ED) was 0.20 ± 0.01 mSv for the ULD technique, a decrease of 87% (t = - 21.182, P < 0.001) compared with the control group...
October 19, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052019/image-quality-improvements-using-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-for-evaluating-chronic-myocardial-infarction-using-iodine-density-images-with-spectral-ct
#9
Junichi Kishimoto, Yasutoshi Ohta, Shinichiro Kitao, Tomomi Watanabe, Toshihide Ogawa
Single-source dual-energy CT (ssDECT) allows the reconstruction of iodine density images (IDIs) from projection based computing. We hypothesized that adding adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) could improve image quality. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect and determine the optimal blend percentages of ASiR for IDI of myocardial late iodine enhancement (LIE) in the evaluation of chronic myocardial infarction using ssDECT. A total of 28 patients underwent cardiac LIE using a ssDECT scanner...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051991/radiation-induced-liver-injury-mimicking-liver-metastases-on-fdg-pet-ct-after-chemoradiotherapy-for-esophageal-cancer-a%C3%A2-retrospective-study-and-literature-review
#10
Francine E M Voncken, Berthe M P Aleman, Jolanda M van Dieren, Cecile Grootscholten, Ferry Lalezari, Johanna W van Sandick, Jeffrey D Steinberg, Erik Vegt
BACKGROUND: For esophageal cancer patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT), restaging using F‑18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) following nCRT can detect interval metastases, including liver metastases, in almost 10% of patients. However, in clinical practice, focal FDG liver uptake, unrelated to liver metastases, is observed after chemoradiotherapy. This radiation-induced liver injury (RILI) can potentially lead to overstaging...
October 19, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051834/fdg-avid-breast-cancer-bone-metastases-silent-on-ct-and-scintigraphy-a-case-report-with-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#11
Daniel Jeong, Marilyn Bui, Daniel Peterson, Jaime Montilla-Soler, Kenneth L Gage
Bone is the one of the most common distant metastatic sites in breast cancer. Routine initial breast cancer staging evaluation typically includes computed tomography (CT) and skeletal scintigraphy while 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) is reserved for clinically high-risk cases. Since FDG PET-CT is not routinely performed during staging or surveillance evaluations, it is important for radiologists and clinicians to appreciate the limitations of bone metastasis detection on CT and scintigraphy...
October 2017: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051827/membrane-like-structure-in-the-urinary-bladder-neck-of-a-young-cat-diagnosis-and-treatment-using-balloon-dilatation-and-a-balloon-expandable-metallic-stent
#12
Matias Ruiz-Drebing, Fui Yap, Mayank Seth, Ruth Dennis, Elisabet Dominguez
CASE SUMMARY: A 33-month-old, spayed female domestic shorthair cat was referred to the Animal Health Trust for the investigation of urinary incontinence and straining to urinate. A membrane-like structure was detected in the bladder neck, which caused partial obstruction of the urinary bladder. A combination of different imaging techniques, including ultrasonography, radiography, CT and fluoroscopy, was essential in the diagnosis, surgical planning and treatment of this intravesicular stricture...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051681/a-framelet-based-iterative-maximum-likelihood-reconstruction-algorithm-for-spectral-ct
#13
Yingmei Wang, Ge Wang, Shuwei Mao, Wenxiang Cong, Zhilong Ji, Jian-Feng Cai, Yangbo Ye
Standard computed tomography (CT) cannot reproduce spectral information of an object. Hardware solutions include dual-energy CT which scans the object twice in different x-ray energy levels, and energy-discriminative detectors which can separate lower and higher energy levels from a single x-ray scan. In this paper, we propose a software solution and give an iterative algorithm that reconstructs an image with spectral information from just one scan with a standard energy-integrating detector. The spectral information obtained can be used to produce color CT images, spectral curves of the attenuation coefficient μ(r, E)at points inside the object, and photoelectric images, which are all valuable imaging tools in cancerous diagnosis...
November 2016: Inverse Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051529/dopamine-mediated-photothermal-theranostics-combined-with-up-conversion-platform-under-near-infrared-light
#14
Ruichan Lv, Piaoping Yang, Guanying Chen, Shili Gai, Jiating Xu, Paras N Prasad
An organic-inorganic hybrid core-shell nanostructure, based on mesoporous silica coated upconversion core-shell nanoparticles (NaGdF4:Yb,Er@NaGdF4:Yb@mSiO2-Dopa abbreviated here as UCNP@mSiO2-Dopa) that stably incorporates dopamine (Dopa) in the silica layer was introduced as a theranostic nanoplatform for optical imaging guided photothermal therapy (PTT) using NIR excitation. Silica-attaching polyethylenimine make the Dopa transforms into an active form (transferred Dopa) that strongly absorbs light under single 980 nm irradiation...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051477/low-kv-and-low-concentration-contrast-agent-with-iterative-reconstruction-of-computed-tomography-ct-coronary-angiography-a-preliminary-study
#15
Hong Zhang, Yanhe Ma, Jun Lyu, Yapeng Yang, Wei Yuan, Zhenchun Song
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the image quality and radiation dose of CT coronary angiography (CTCA) with low kV, low concentration contrast agent, and iterative reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS Ninety cases were randomly divided into 3 groups according to contrast agent concentration: group A 270 mg/ml (100 kV), group B 350 mg/ml (120 kV), and group C 370 mg/ml (120 kV), with 30 cases per group. Tube current was 200-250 mAs. Collimator width was 128×0.6 mm. Rotation speed was 0.27 s...
October 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051345/reply-utilizing-and-interpreting-fdg-pet-ct-images-in-patients-referred-for-assessment-of-cardiac-sarcoidosis-the-devil-is-in-the-details
#16
David Birnie, Hiroshi Ohira, Rob Beanlands
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051343/iodinated-contrast-agents-perturb-iodide-uptake-by-the-thyroid-independently-of-free-iodide
#17
Georges Vassaux, Colette Zwarthoed, Laurie Signetti, Julien Guglielmi, Catherine Compin, Jean-Marie Guigonis, Thierry Juhel, Olivier Humbert, Danielle Benisvy, Thierry Pourcher, Beatrice Cambien
The perturbation of thyroid iodide uptake is a well-documented side effect of the utilization of iodinated contrast media (ICM) administrated intravenously. This side effect is thought to be mediated by free iodide in ICM formulations but this hypothesis has never been formally demonstrated. The aim of the present paper is to assess the validity of this hypothesis. Methods: We used mass spectrometry analysis to quantify free-iodide contamination in ICM. Established cell lines expressing the Na/I symporter (NIS) were used to quantify the effect of ICM on iodide uptake...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051342/-68-ga-nota-functionalized-ubiquicidin-cytotoxicity-biodistribution-radiation-dosimetry-and-first-in-human-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-imaging-of-infections
#18
Thomas Ebenhan, Mike Sathekge, Thabo Lenagana, Michel Koole, Olivier Gheysens, Thavendran Govender, Jan R Zeevaart
Ubiquicidin is an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) with great potential for nuclear imaging of infectious diseases as its cationic-rich fragment TGRAKRRMQYNRR (UBI) has been functionalized with 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (NOTA) to allow complexation to Gallium-68 ((68)Ga-NOTA-UBI). We herein assess the cytotoxicity, radiation dosimetry for (68)Ga-NOTA-UBI and a first-in-human evaluation to diagnose infectious processes. Methods: Cytotoxicity was evaluated in green monkey kidney epithelial (Vero) cells and MT-4 leucocytes...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051040/on-the-potential-role-of-mri-biomarkers-of-copd-to-guide-bronchoscopic-lung-volume-reduction
#19
Colin J Adams, Dante P I Capaldi, Robert Di Cesare, David G McCormack, Grace Parraga
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: In patients with severe emphysema and poor quality of life, bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) may be considered and guided based on lobar emphysema severity. In particular, x-ray computed tomography (CT) emphysema measurements are used to identify the most diseased and the second-most diseased lobes as BLVR targets. Inhaled gas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also provides chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) biomarkers of lobar emphysema and ventilation abnormalities...
October 16, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051038/image-guided-radiation-therapy-strategies-for-pelvic-lymph-node-irradiation-in-high-risk-prostate-cancer-motion-and-margins
#20
Lucy Kershaw, Laila van Zadelhoff, Wilma Heemsbergen, Floris Pos, Marcel van Herk
PURPOSE: To quantify the relative motion of the pelvic lymph nodes (LNs), seminal vesicles (SV) and prostate and define indicative margins for image-guided radiotherapy based on bony anatomy or prostate correction strategies for a 3 or 6 degrees-of-freedom couch. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Nineteen patients had a planning computed tomography (CT) scan followed by a mean of 11 repeated CT scans during radiation therapy. The prostate, SV, and external and internal iliac LN regions on the left and right were outlined on each CT scan...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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