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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684782/evaluation-of-normal-lung-tissue-complication-probability-in-gated-and-conventional-radiotherapy-using-the-4d-xcat-digital-phantom
#1
Sara Shahzadeh, Somayeh Gholami, Seyed Mahmood Reza Aghamiri, Hojjat Mahani, Mansoure Nabavi, Faraz Kalantari
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to investigate normal lung tissue complication probability in gated and conventional radiotherapy (RT) as a function of diaphragm motion, lesion size, and its location using 4D-XCAT digital phantom in a simulation study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Different time series of 3D-CT images were generated using the 4D-XCAT digital phantom. The binary data obtained from this phantom were then converted to the digital imaging and communication in medicine (DICOM) format using an in-house MATLAB-based program to be compatible with our treatment planning system (TPS)...
April 12, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684676/fabrication-of-nanofibrous-microcarriers-mimicking-extracellular-matrix-for-functional-microtissue-formation-and-cartilage-regeneration
#2
Yansen Wang, Xueling Yuan, Kun Yu, Haoye Meng, Yudong Zheng, Jiang Peng, Shibi Lu, Xiaotong Liu, Yajie Xie, Kun Qiao
Cartilage has rather limited capacities for self-repair and regeneration. To repair complexly shaped cartilage tissue defects, we propose the application of microtissues fabricated from bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) cultured in natural bionic nanofibrous microcarriers (NF-MCs). The NF-MCs were structurally and functionally designed to mimic natural extracellular matrix (ECM) by crosslinking dialdehyde bacterial cellulose (DBC) with DL-allo-hydroxylysine (DHYL) and complexing chitosan (CS) with DHYL through electrostatic interactions...
April 16, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684308/fracture-healing-and-bone-remodeling-with-human-standard-sized-magnesium-versus-polylactide-co-glycolide-plate-and-screw-systems-using-a-mini-swine-craniomaxillofacial-osteotomy-fixation-model
#3
Benoît Schaller, John Patrik Matthias Burkhard, Madeleine Chagnon, Stefan Beck, Thomas Imwinkelried, Michel Assad
PURPOSE: This study compared the degradation profile, safety, and efficacy of bioresorbable magnesium alloy and polylactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) polymer osteosynthesis systems for the treatment of fractures in a load-sharing maxillofacial environment using a new mini-swine fracture fixation model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two types of clinically relevant situations were evaluated in 5 Yucatan miniature pigs. Defined porcine midface osteotomies of the supraorbital rim and zygoma were created and fixed with either a coated magnesium (test animals) or PLGA plate and screw osteosynthesis system (control animals)...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684284/predicting-outcomes-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-using-automated-ct-analysis
#4
Joseph Jacob, Brian J Bartholmai, Srinivasan Rajagopalan, Coline H M van Moorsel, Hendrik W van Es, Frouke T van Beek, Marjolijn H L Struik, Maria Kokosi, Ryoko Egashira, Anne Laure Brun, Arjun Nair, Simon L F Walsh, Gary Cross, Joseph Barnett, Angelo de Lauretis, Eoin P Judge, Sujal Desai, Ronald Karwoski, Sebastien Ourselin, Elisabetta Renzoni, Toby M Maher, Andre Altmann, Athol U Wells
AIMS: To determine whether computer-derived computed tomography measures, specifically measures of pulmonary vessel-related structures, can better predict functional decline and survival in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and reduce requisite sample sizes in drug trial populations. METHODS: IPF patients undergoing volumetric non-contrast CT imaging at the Royal Brompton Hospital, London and St Antonius Hospital, Utrecht, were examined to identify pulmonary functional measures (including forced vital capacity), and visual and computer-derived (CALIPER) CT features predictive of mortality and forced vital capacity decline...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683931/value-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-the-staging-restaging-monitoring-of-response-to-therapy-and-surveillance-of-uterine-leiomyosarcomas
#5
Ophélie Bélissant, Laurence Champion, Hind Thevenet, Pierre Weinmann, Jean-Louis Alberini
OBJECTIVE: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is the most common subtype of uterine sarcomas. It is a rare and aggressive tumour. The aim of the present study was to assess the performance of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT imaging in four clinical settings: initial staging, restaging, monitoring of response to therapy and post-therapy surveillance of uterine LMS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A bicentric retrospective study was carried out on a group of 21 patients with uterine LMS for whom a total of 52 PET/CT scans were available in initial staging (n=11), restaging (n=11), monitoring of response to therapy (n=17) and post-therapy surveillance (n=13)...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683930/importance-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-to-select-patients-with-nonresectable-colorectal-liver-metastases-for-liver-transplantation
#6
Harald Grut, Mona-Elisabeth Revheim, Pål-Dag Line, Svein Dueland
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT for the selection of patients with nonresectable colorectal liver metastases (NCLM) for liver transplantation (LT). In the secondary cancer study, we reported an improved 5-year overall survival in patients treated with LT for NCLM (56%) compared with chemotherapy (9%). However, many patients were rejected for LT owing to the detection of extrahepatic disease at preoperative imaging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: F-FDG PET/CT and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (ceCT) examinations before tentative LT for NCLM were assessed, and findings contraindicating LT were registered...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683929/18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-cancer-cervix-where-do-we-stand-today
#7
Shanmuga S Palaniswamy, Chaitanya R Borde, Padma Subramanyam
The incidence of gynecological malignancies is on the rise partly because of the availability of screening programmes, awareness, higher technological advancements, and availability of better medical care. Early diagnosis of any malignancy leads to prompt treatment. Use of 18Fluorine-Fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in the treatment and follow-up of patients with Ca cervix considerably improves patient management. The primary diagnosis of Ca cervix is made either by biopsy of a visible tumor on the cervix or by a cone biopsy of a nonvisible malignant cervical focus...
April 20, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683868/differentiating-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-from-nonspecific-interstitial-pneumonia-using-high-resolution-computed-tomography-the-straight-edge-sign
#8
Xi Zhan, Tilman Koelsch, Steven M Montner, Allen Zhu, Rekha Vij, Jeffery J Swigris, Jonathan H Chung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to determine whether a novel finding on coronal computed tomography (CT) can help differentiate usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) from nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) in order to obviate lung biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two chest radiologists, blinded to clinical data, reviewed 3 preselected coronal images from CT scans, performed within 1 year of surgical lung biopsy (SLB), from 51 patients with biopsy-proven UIP and 15 with biopsy-proven NSIP...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682894/3d-analysis-of-human-embryos-and-fetuses-using-digitized-datasets-from-the-kyoto-collection
#9
Tetsuya Takakuwa
Three-dimensional (3D) analysis of the human embryonic and early-fetal period has been performed using digitized datasets obtained from the Kyoto Collection, in which the digital datasets play a primary role in research. Datasets include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquired with 1.5 T, 2.35 T, and 7 T magnet systems, phase-contrast X-ray computed tomography (CT), and digitized histological serial sections. Large, high-resolution datasets covering a broad range of developmental periods obtained with various methods of acquisition are key elements for the studies...
April 23, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682879/commissioning-an-in-room-mobile-ct-for-adaptive-proton-therapy-with-a-compact-proton-system
#10
Jasmine A Oliver, Omar Zeidan, Sanford L Meeks, Amish P Shah, Jason Pukala, Patrick Kelly, Naren R Ramakrishna, Twyla R Willoughby
PURPOSE: To describe the commissioning of AIRO mobile CT system (AIRO) for adaptive proton therapy on a compact double scattering proton therapy system. METHODS: A Gammex phantom was scanned with varying plug patterns, table heights, and mAs on a CT simulator (CT Sim) and on the AIRO. AIRO-specific CT-stopping power ratio (SPR) curves were created with a commonly used stoichiometric method using the Gammex phantom. A RANDO anthropomorphic thorax, pelvis, and head phantom, and a CIRS thorax and head phantom were scanned on the CT Sim and AIRO...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682711/-imaging-diagnosis-and-imaging-risk-factors-of-anastomotic-leakage-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#11
Yi Wang
Dispite continual improvements in diagnostic and management techniques, anastomotic leak (AL) remains one of the most devastating consequences of rectal cancer surgery. Recently, many investigations have attempted to identify the risk factors and established risk model to predict and prevent anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection. The distance between the lower edge of rectal cancer and the anal verge measured by magnetic resonance imaging was demonstrated as one of the independent risk factors associated with AL...
2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682573/antibody-mediated-osseous-regeneration-for-bone-tissue-engineering-in-canine-segmental-defects
#12
A Khojasteh, S Hosseinpour, M M Dehghan, F Mashhadiabbas, M Rezai Rad, S Ansari, S Farzad Mohajeri, H H Zadeh
Among many applications of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), a unique approach for regenerative medicine has entailed antibody-mediated osseous regeneration (AMOR). In an effort to identify a clinically relevant model of craniofacial defect, the present study investigated the efficacy of mAb specific for bone morphogenetic protein- (BMP-) 2 to repair canine segmental mandibular continuity defect model. Accordingly, a 15 mm unilateral segmental defect was created in mandible and fixated with a titanium plate...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682551/quantification-of-volumetric-bone-mineral-density-of-proximal-femurs-using-a-two-compartment-model-and-computed-tomography-images
#13
Yan-Lin Liu, Jui-Ting Hsu, Tian-Yu Shih, Dmytro Luzhbin, Chun-Yuan Tu, Jay Wu
Objectives: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is frequently used to measure the areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in clinical practice. However, DXA measurements are affected by the bone thickness and the body size and are unable to indicate nonosseous areas within the trabecular bone. This study aims to quantify the volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) using computed tomography (CT) images and the two-compartment model (TCM) methods. Methods: The TCM method was proposed and validated by dipotassium phosphate (K2 HPO4 ) phantoms and a standard forearm phantom...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682061/transcranial-and-epidural-approach-for-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage-due-to-meningoencephalocele-of-the-lateral-sphenoid-sinus
#14
Ryosuke Shintoku, Masahiko Tosaka, Tatsuya Shimizu, Yuhei Yoshimoto
We experienced a case of sphenoid sinus type meningoencephalocele manifesting as severe cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. A 35-year-old man became aware of serous nasal discharge 1 year previously, which had gradually worsened. The nasal discharge was diagnosed as CSF rhinorrhea. Head computed tomography (CT) showed several small depressions in the bone of the left middle cranial fossa, and the largest depression extended through the bone to the lateral sphenoid sinus. Head magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the meningoencephalocele projected to the lateral sphenoid sinus, through this small bone defect of the middle cranial fossa...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682053/penetrating-injury-to-cauda-equina-from-a-missile-fragment-completely-recovered-after-delayed-surgical-removal-of-ballistic-fragment
#15
Kamble Jayaprakash Harsha, Anu Thomas
Penetrating injuries to cauda equina due to missile fragment are rare. The mechanism of injury may be more complex due to thermal effect of missile fragment, apart from mechanisms described in penetrating gunshot injuries or stab injuries. We report a case of a 42-year-old male with penetrating missile injury to cauda equina, improved completely after delayed surgical exploration and removal of ballistic fragment. Furthermore, his bowel and bladder dysfunction improved completely within 1 week of neurosurgical exploration...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681886/importance-of-collateralization-in-patients-with-large-artery-intracranial-occlusive-disease-long-term-longitudinal-assessment-of-cerebral-hemodynamic-function
#16
Larissa McKetton, Lakshmikumar Venkatraghavan, Julien Poublanc, Olivia Sobczyk, Adrian P Crawley, Casey Rosen, Frank L Silver, James Duffin, Joseph A Fisher, David J Mikulis
Patients with large artery intracranial occlusive disease (LAICOD) are at risk for both acute ischemia and chronic hypoperfusion. Collateral circulation plays an important role in prognosis, and imaging plays an essential role in diagnosis, treatment planning, and prognosis of patients with LAICOD. In addition to standard structural imaging, assessment of cerebral hemodynamic function is important to determine the adequacy of collateral supply. Among the currently available methods of assessment of cerebral hemodynamic function, measurement of cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI and precisely controlled CO2 has shown to be a safe, reliable, reproducible, and clinically useful method for long-term assessment of patients...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681791/a-rare-multifocal-pattern-of-type-2-autoimmune-pancreatitis-with-negative-igg4-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall-that-may-mimic-multifocal-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#17
Partha Hota, Tejas Patel, Xiaofeng Zhao, Nirag Jhala, Omar Agosto
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is an increasingly recognized form of acute pancreatitis characterized by obstructive jaundice with a rapid and dramatic treatment response to steroid therapy. Recently, AIP has been divided into two distinct phenotypes: lymphoplasmocytic sclerosing pancreatitis AIP (type 1) and idiopathic duct-centric pancreatitis AIP (type 2); each of which have their own distinct demographics, diagnostic criteria, and histopathological features. We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of a multifocal pattern of type 2 AIP characterized with both CT and MR imaging...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681785/a-comparative-68-ga-citrate-and-68-ga-chloride-pet-ct-imaging-of-staphylococcus-aureus-osteomyelitis-in-the-rat-tibia
#18
Petteri Lankinen, Tommi Noponen, Anu Autio, Pauliina Luoto, Janek Frantzèn, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Antti J Hakanen, Hannu T Aro, Anne Roivainen
There may be some differences in the in vivo behavior of 68 Ga-chloride and 68 Ga-citrate leading to different accumulation profiles. This study compared 68 Ga-citrate and 68 Ga-chloride PET/CT imaging under standardized experimental models. Methods. Diffuse Staphylococcus aureus tibial osteomyelitis and uncomplicated bone healing rat models were used ( n = 32). Two weeks after surgery, PET/CT imaging was performed on consecutive days using 68 Ga-citrate or 68 Ga-chloride, and tissue accumulation was confirmed by ex vivo analysis...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681784/comparison-among-reconstruction-algorithms-for-quantitative-analysis-of-11-c-acetate-cardiac-pet-imaging
#19
Ximin Shi, Nan Li, Haiyan Ding, Yonghong Dang, Guilan Hu, Shuai Liu, Jie Cui, Yue Zhang, Fang Li, Hui Zhang, Li Huo
Objective: Kinetic modeling of dynamic 11 C-acetate PET imaging provides quantitative information for myocardium assessment. The quality and quantitation of PET images are known to be dependent on PET reconstruction methods. This study aims to investigate the impacts of reconstruction algorithms on the quantitative analysis of dynamic 11 C-acetate cardiac PET imaging. Methods: Suspected alcoholic cardiomyopathy patients ( N = 24) underwent 11 C-acetate dynamic PET imaging after low dose CT scan...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681781/preclinical-evaluation-of-radioiodinated-hoechst-33258-for-early-prediction-of-tumor-response-to-treatment-of-vascular-disrupting-agents
#20
Dongjian Zhang, Meng Gao, Nan Yao, Cuihua Jiang, Wei Liu, Tiannv Li, Shaoli Song, Dejian Huang, Zhiqi Yin, Yunliang Qiu, Qiaomei Jin
This study aimed to explore the use of 131 I-Hoechst 33258 (131 I-H33258) for early prediction of tumor response to vascular-disrupting agents (VDAs) with combretastatin-A4 phosphate (CA4P) as a representative. Necrosis avidity of 131 I-H33258 was evaluated in mouse models with muscle necrosis and blocking was used to confirm the tracer specificity. Therapy response was evaluated by 131 I-H33258 SPECT/CT imaging 24 h after CA4P therapy in W256 tumor-bearing rats. Radiotracer uptake in tumors was validated ex vivo using γ -counting, autoradiography, and histopathological staining...
2018: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
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