keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pregnancy outcome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232625/prenatal-detection-of-trisomy-8-mosaicism-pregnancy-outcome-and-follow-up-of-a-series-of-17-consecutive-cases
#1
Matteo Cassina, Annapaola Calò, Leonardo Salviati, Alberta Alghisi, Annamaria Montaldi, Maurizio Clementi
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of a series of individuals with prenatal detection of trisomy 8 mosaicism by chorionic villus sampling (CVS) and/or amniocentesis. STUDY DESIGN: The databases of two Italian genetics units were reviewed to identify all consultations requested during pregnancy because of trisomy 8 mosaicism. To evaluate the pregnancy outcome, the regional registry of congenital malformations (including terminations of pregnancies) was consulted; additional follow-up data were collected by a telephone interview...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231342/-the-effect-of-warm-needling-pretreatment-for-endometrial-receptivity-of-frozen-embryo-transfer
#2
Guoqun Luo, Wenwu Su, Wenmin Ma, Yanqiu Situ, Chongju Xie, Meiqiong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of warming needling pretreatment for endometrial receptivity before frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). METHODS: Fifty-six repeatedly embryo transfer (ET) failure patients with ultrasound showing follicular phase endometrium of C type, hysteroscopy examination presenting endometritis were randomly assigned into an observation group (25 cases) and a control group (31 cases). The patients in the observation group three months before ET were treated with antibiotics in the menstrual period, warming needle (once a day) at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Liangqiu (ST 34), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Xiajuxu (ST 39) after menstruation until the ovulation stopped, and oral administration of progesterone was applied after ovulation...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230915/periapical-infection-may-affect-birth-outcomes-via-systemic-inflammation
#3
U Harjunmaa, R Doyle, J Järnstedt, S Kamiza, J M Jorgensen, C P Stewart, L Shaw, L Hallamaa, U Ashorn, N Klein, K G Dewey, K Maleta, P Ashorn
OBJECTIVES: Maternal dental periapical infections are associated with preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction. This study investigates if the association is mediated through bacterial spread from periapical lesions to placenta (direct pathway) or systemic inflammatory reaction (indirect pathway). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared birth outcomes in Malawian mothers with and without periapical infection. As markers of a direct pathway, we identified placental bacteria using a 16S rDNA approach, and assessed histological evidence of inflammation in the placenta and amniotic membranes...
December 12, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230537/what-is-the-net-effect-of-introducing-vitrification-for-cryopreservation-of-surplus-2pn-oocytes-in-an-ivf-program
#4
Manja Golakov, Marion Depenbusch, Askan Schultze-Mosgau, Beate Schoepper, Jennifer Hajek, Kay Neumann, Georg Griesinger
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to accurately describe outcome differences (cryo-survival, pregnancy rate and live birth rate, both per ET and cumulatively), between the vitrification method and slow-freezing method of surplus 2PN oocytes in an IVF program. METHODS: In 2004, the freezing method for 2PN oocytes was changed from slow-cooling to vitrification. The data of 711 patients (timespan: 1/1999-7/2011; 410 vitrification and 301 slow-cooling events) undergoing a first IVF/ICSI cycles with freezing of 2PN oocytes were retrospectively analyzed...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230355/relationships-between-consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-us-pregnant-women
#5
Karthik W Rohatgi, Rachel A Tinius, W Todd Cade, Euridice Martínez Steele, Alison G Cahill, Diana C Parra
Background: An increasingly large share of diet comes from ultra-processed foods (UPFs), which are assemblages of food substances designed to create durable, convenient and palatable ready-to-eat products. There is increasing evidence that high UPF consumption is indicative of poor diet and is associated with obesity and metabolic disorders. This study sought to examine the relationship between percent of energy intake from ultra-processed foods (PEI-UPF) during pregnancy and maternal gestational weight gain, maternal lipids and glycemia, and neonatal body composition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230337/prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-segmental-small-bowel-volvulus-with-threatened-premature-labor
#6
Barbara Monard, Nicolas Mottet, Rajeev Ramanah, Didier Riethmuller
Fetal primary small bowel volvulus is extremely rare but represents a serious life-threatening condition needing emergency neonatal surgical management to avoid severe digestive consequences. We report a case of primary small bowel volvulus with meconium peritonitis prenatally diagnosed at 27 weeks and 4 days of gestation during threatened premature labor with reduced fetal movements. Ultrasound showed a small bowel mildly dilated with thickened and hyperechogenic intestinal wall, with a typical whirlpool configuration...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230208/ramadan-fasting-exerts-immunomodulatory-effects-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#7
Mohammad Adawi, Abdulla Watad, Stav Brown, Khadija Aazza, Hicham Aazza, Mohamed Zouhir, Kassem Sharif, Khaled Ghanayem, Raymond Farah, Hussein Mahagna, Stefano Fiordoro, Samir Giuseppe Sukkar, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Naim Mahroum
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and is observed by Muslims as a month of fasting. All Muslim adults are expected to fast; nevertheless certain subgroups, including sick, frail subjects, and pregnant women, among others, are exempted. Ramadan fasting has been shown to impact on body systems in different manners. The influence of Ramadan fasting on immune system regulation remains elusive; however, immune system changes, such as the modulation of body response to various infectious, stressful, and other harmful events, are of great interest during fasting...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230179/transplacental-nutrient-transport-mechanisms-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-in-rodent-models-and-humans
#8
REVIEW
Elke Winterhager, Alexandra Gellhaus
Although the causes of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) have been intensively investigated, important information is still lacking about the role of the placenta as a link from adverse maternal environment to adverse pregnancy outcomes of IUGR and preterm birth. IUGR is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurological diseases later in life. Determination of the most important pathways that regulate transplacental transport systems is necessary for identifying marker genes as diagnostic tools and for developing drugs that target the molecular pathways...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229609/recent-advances-in-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv
#9
REVIEW
Monica Desai, Nigel Field, Robert Grant, Sheena McCormack
Although pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)-the use of antiretroviral drugs by non-infected people to prevent the acquisition of HIV-is a promising preventive option, important public health questions remain. Daily oral emtricitabine (FTC)-tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is highly efficacious in preventing the acquisition of HIV in people at risk as a result of a range of different types of sexual exposure. There is good evidence of efficacy in women and men, and when men who have sex with men use event based dosing...
December 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229321/the-role-of-aspirin-heparin-and-other-interventions-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-fetal-growth-restriction
#10
REVIEW
Katie M Groom, Anna L David
Fetal growth restriction and related placental pathologies such as preeclampsia, stillbirth, and placental abruption are believed to arise in early pregnancy when inadequate remodeling of the maternal spiral arteries leads to persistent high-resistance and low-flow uteroplacental circulation. The consequent placental ischaemia, reperfusion injury, and oxidative stress are associated with an imbalance in angiogenic/antiangiogenic factors. Many interventions have centered on the prevention and/or treatment of preeclampsia with results pertaining to fetal growth restriction and small-for-gestational-age pregnancy often included as secondary outcomes because of the common pathophysiology...
December 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229117/outcomes-of-fetuses-with-primary-hydrothorax-that-undergo-prenatal-intervention-prenatal-intervention-for-hydrothorax
#11
Rodrigo A Mon, Marjorie C Treadwell, Deborah R Berman, Lori Day, Jeannie Kreutzman, George B Mychaliska, Erin E Perrone
BACKGROUND: Primary hydrothorax is a congenital anomaly affecting 1 in 10,000-15,000 pregnancies. The natural history of this condition is variable with some fetuses having spontaneous resolution and others showing progression. The associated pulmonary hypoplasia leads to increased perinatal morbidity and mortality. Optimal prenatal intervention remains controversial. METHODS: After obtaining the Institutional Review Board approval, a retrospective review of all patients evaluated for a fetal pleural effusion in the Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment Center at The University of Michigan, between 2006 and 2016 was performed...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228827/conservative-versus-active-management-in-hellp-syndrome-results-from-a-cohort-study
#12
Marie Cavaignac-Vitalis, Fabien Vidal, M D Caroline Simon-Toulza, Pierre Boulot, Paul Guerby, Elodie Chantalat, Parant M D Olivier
OBJECTIVE: HELLP syndrome exposes to severe maternal and fetal complications. Prompt delivery is thus recommended after 34 weeks of gestation, or earlier in case of nonreassuring maternofetal conditions. However, no consensus has been raised in the treatment of HELLP syndrome occurring before 34 weeks of gestation, when both maternal and fetal conditions are stable: it remains still unclear whether an active attitude should be prioritized over expectant management. Herein we aimed to compare mother and child outcomes according to the type of obstetrical management, either active or conservative...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228154/comparative-transcriptomic-analysis-of-human-placentae-at-term-and-preterm-delivery
#13
Alison G Paquette, Heather M Brockway, Nathan D Price, Louis J Muglia
Purpose: Preterm birth affects 1 out of every 10 infants in the United States, resulting in substantial neonatal morbidity and mortality. Currently, there are few predictive markers and few treatment options to prevent preterm birth. A healthy, functioning placenta is essential to positive pregnancy outcomes. Previous studies have suggested that placental pathology may play a role in preterm birth etiology. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that preterm placentae may exhibit unique transcriptomic signatures compared to term samples reflective of their abnormal biology leading to this adverse outcome...
December 4, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228022/can-conditional-cash-transfers-improve-the-uptake-of-nutrition-interventions-and-household-food-security-evidence-from-odisha-s-mamata-scheme
#14
Kalyani Raghunathan, Suman Chakrabarti, Rasmi Avula, Sunny S Kim
There is considerable global evidence on the effectiveness of cash transfers in improving health and nutrition outcomes; however, the evidence from South Asia, particularly India, is limited. In the context of India where more than a third of children are undernourished, and where there is considerable under-utilization of health and nutrition interventions, it is opportune to investigate the impact of cash transfer programs on the use of interventions. We study one conditional cash transfer program, Mamata scheme, implemented in the state of Odisha, in India that targeted pregnant and lactating women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228019/loci-and-pathways-associated-with-uterine-capacity-for-pregnancy-and-fertility-in-beef-cattle
#15
Mahesh Neupane, Thomas W Geary, Jennifer N Kiser, Gregory W Burns, Peter J Hansen, Thomas E Spencer, Holly L Neibergs
Infertility and subfertility negatively impact the economics and reproductive performance of cattle. Of note, significant pregnancy loss occurs in cattle during the first month of pregnancy, yet little is known about the genetic loci influencing pregnancy success and loss in cattle. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) with large effects associated with early pregnancy loss, Angus crossbred heifers were classified based on day 28 pregnancy outcomes to serial embryo transfer. A genome wide association analysis (GWAA) was conducted comparing 30 high fertility heifers with 100% success in establishing pregnancy to 55 subfertile heifers with 25% or less success...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228009/prevalence-of-anemia-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-in-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#16
Meaza Lebso, Anchamo Anato, Eskindir Loha
BACKGROUND: Anemia is defined as a condition in which there is less than the normal hemoglobin (Hb) level in the body. During pregnancy; iron deficiency is associated with multiple adverse outcomes for both mother and infant. Most of the studies conducted in Ethiopia on anemia during pregnancy were conducted at institution level and associated factors are not well studied and documented. Independent factors like, food security status, dietary diversity and intestinal parasites infection were considered by only a few of them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227690/effect-of-the-induction-of-transgenerational-obesity-on-maternal-fetal-parameters
#17
Thaigra Sousa Soares, Ana Paula Andreolla, Carolina Abreu Miranda, Eduardo Klöppel, Luhara Silva Rodrigues, Rafaianne Queiroz Moraes-Souza, Débora Cristina Damasceno, Gustavo Tadeu Volpato, Kleber Eduardo Campos
Maternal obesity can cause complications for both women and their offspring for generations. Therefore, we intended to verify the repercussions of induction of transgenerational obesity on biochemical parameters, reproductive performance, and congenital anomaly frequency in Wistar rats. Female rats were used from successive generations. The female rats of parental generation (F0, n=10) were mated to obtain their offspring (F1 generation). F1 female rats received a monosodium glutamate (MSG) solution to induce obesity (n=07) or vehicle (control, n=06) during the neonatal period...
December 11, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227585/effect-of-ultrafiltration-on-placental-fetal-blood-flow-in-pregnancy-of-woman-undergoing-chronic-hemodialysis
#18
Luiz Paulo José Marques, Paulo Roberto Silva Marinho, Regina Rocco, Caroline de Azevedo Martins, Henrique Novo Costa Pereira, Ana Clara Lopes Barbosa Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Patient who was undergoing hemodialysis (HD) thrice weekly usually gain 1 to 4 kg of weight in interdialytic period, mainly due to fluid accumulation by ingestion of water. Ultrafiltration (UF) during HD will be need to remove fluid excess to avoid severe medical complications secondary to fluid overload. However, in pregnant woman UF can increase the episodes of intradialytic hypotension which may lead to placental ischemic injury and predispose to fetal distress. There is little information about safe fluid amount withdrawn by UF during pregnancy...
December 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227268/characteristics-of-west-syndrome-in-georgia-preliminary-results-of-the-prospective-study
#19
A Kvernadze, N Tatishvili, T Kipiani, G Lomidze
West syndrome hasn't been thoroughly investigated in Georgia. The purposes of our study were a) to assess the clinical and etiological peculiarities of West syndrome, based on MRI data and its relation to the long-term outcome; b) to assess the evolution of West syndrome and its relation to patient characteristics; c) to compare the efficacies of treatments with ACTH and antiepileptic drugs (AEDs); d) to evaluate the neuropsychological outcome after 12 and 24 months and their early predictors. We evaluated 31 patients (17 male, 14 female) with infantile spasms...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227010/pre-labour-screening-for-intrapartum-fetal-compromise-in-low-risk-pregnancies-at-term-cerebroplacental-ratio-and-placental-growth-factor
#20
Larissa N Bligh, Amal A Alsolai, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the screening performance of a low fetal cerebroplacental ratio (a marker of fetal adaptation to suboptimal growth) and maternal placental growth factor levels, respectively, both in isolation and in combination, for the detection of cesarean section for intrapartum fetal compromise and serious composite neonatal outcome. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed on low risk women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies from 36 weeks to delivery...
December 11, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
keyword
keyword
50035
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"