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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036756/acupuncture-or-acupressure-for-induction-of-labour
#1
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction. The use of complementary therapies is increasing. Women may look to complementary therapies during pregnancy and childbirth to be used alongside conventional medical practice. Acupuncture involves the insertion of very fine needles into specific points of the body. Acupressure is using the thumbs or fingers to apply pressure to specific points. The limited observational studies to date suggest acupuncture for induction of labour has no known adverse effects to the fetus, and may be effective...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036485/economic-conditions-during-pregnancy-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-among-singleton-live-births-in-the-united-states-1990-2013
#2
Claire E Margerison-Zilko, Yu Li, Zhehui Luo
We know little about the relationship between the macroeconomy and birth outcomes, in part due to the methodological challenge of distinguishing effects of economic conditions on fetal health from effects of economic conditions on selection into live birth. We examined associations between state-level unemployment rates in the first 2 trimesters of pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes, using natality data on singleton live births in the United States during 1990-2013. We used fixed-effect logistic regression models and accounted for selection by adjusting for state-level unemployment before conception and maternal characteristics associated with both selection and birth outcomes...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036209/understanding-differences-in-conception-and-abortion-rates-among-under-20-year-olds-in-britain-and-france-examining-the-contribution-of-social-disadvantage
#3
Rachel H Scott, Nathalie Bajos, Emma Slaymaker, Kaye Wellings, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status has been shown to be associated with sexual activity, contraceptive-use, pregnancy and abortion among young people. Less is known about whether the strength of the association differs for each outcome, between men and women, or cross-nationally. We investigate this using contemporaneous national probability survey data from Britain and France. METHODS: Data were analysed for 17-29 year-olds in Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3, n = 5959) undertaken 2010-2012, and the 2010 French Fertility, Contraception and Sexual Dysfunction survey (FECOND, n = 3027)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035838/effect-of-two-treatment-protocols-for-ketosis-on-the-resolution-postpartum-health-milk-yield-and-reproductive-outcomes-of-dairy-cows
#4
Jae-Kwan Jeong, In-Soo Choi, Sung-Ho Moon, Soo-Chan Lee, Hyun-Gu Kang, Young-Hun Jung, Soo-Bong Park, Ill-Hwa Kim
We determined the effect of ketosis treatment with propylene glycol (PG) or PG plus l-carnitine and methionine (Metabolase(®), Fatro, Bologna, Italy) on the resolution, postpartum health, milk yield, and reproductive performances of dairy cows. Blood from 475 Holstein cows was collected weekly until 4 weeks after calving to measure blood β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentrations. Cows with blood BHBA concentration ≥1.2 mmol/L were diagnosed with ketosis and were enrolled. One hundred and fifty cows diagnosed with ketosis were randomly assigned to three treatment groups (Day 0): (1) PG (300 g, PO) for 3 days (PG group, n = 50), (2) PG (300 g, PO) plus l-carnitine (1...
September 25, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035799/use-of-the-endometriosis-fertility-index-in-daily-practice-a-prospective-evaluation
#5
J Boujenah, I Cedrin-Durnerin, C Herbemont, A Bricou, C Sifer, C Poncelet
OBJECTIVE: To perform a prospective evaluation of postoperative fertility management using the endometriosis fertility index (EFI). STUDY: This prospective non-interventional observational study was performed from January 2013 to February 2016 in a tertiary care university hospital and an assisted reproductive technology (ART) centre. In total, 196 patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis-related infertility. Indications for surgery included pelvic pain (dysmenorrhoea, and/or deep dyspareunia), abnormal hysterosalpingogram, and failure to conceive after three or more superovulation cycles with or without intra-uterine insemination...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035711/childhood-adversity-social-support-and-telomere-length-among-perinatal-women
#6
Amanda M Mitchell, Jennifer M Kowalsky, Elissa S Epel, Jue Lin, Lisa M Christian
Adverse perinatal health outcomes are heightened among women with psychosocial risk factors, including childhood adversity and a lack of social support. Biological aging could be one pathway by which such outcomes occur. However, data examining links between psychosocial factors and indicators of biological aging among perinatal women are limited. The current study examined the associations of childhood socioeconomic status (SES), childhood trauma, and current social support with telomere length in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in a sample of 81 women assessed in early, mid, and late pregnancy as well as 7-11 weeks postpartum...
October 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034746/clinical-characteristics-of-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy-in-a-tertiary-indonesian-hospital
#7
Muhammad Ilham Aldika Akbar, Indah Mayang Sari, Aditiawarman, Erry Gumilar Dachlan, Gustaaf Dekker
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare, often autosomal recessive disorder with a major risk for maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. In order to achieve a more favorable outcome, awareness of its clinical signs and symptoms and early recognition are of pivotal importance. Over a 5-year period 18 patients were diagnosed with AFLP (one twin, 19 babies). The most common sign and symptoms were jaundice, hypoglycemia, nausea and vomiting, encephalopathy, and hypertension. Abnormal laboratory test results included: elevated total/ conjugated (direct) bilirubin, AST, ALT, PT, APTT, creatinine, leukocyte count, and hypoalbuminemia...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034545/a-pilot-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-and-central-adiposity-in-first-time-mothers-results-from-the-mums-online-online-lifestyle-nutrition-exercise-study
#8
P van der Pligt, K Ball, K D Hesketh, M Teychenne, D Crawford, P J Morgan, C E Collins, K J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) increases the risk for obesity and complications during subsequent pregnancies. Few interventions have been successful in limiting PPWR in mothers. The present study assessed the effectiveness of the mums OnLiNE (Online, Lifestyle, Nutrition & Exercise) intervention with respect to reducing PPWR and improving diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour. METHODS: A subsample of first-time mothers enrolled in the Extended Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT Extend) completed the nonrandomised mums OnLiNE intervention...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034324/a-review-of-epidemiologic-studies-of-the-health-of-gulf-war-women-veterans
#9
Steven S Coughlin, Maxine Krengel, Kimberly Sullivan, Penny F Pierce, Vahé Heboyan, Lt Col Candy Wilson
INTRODUCTION: In the 25 years since the 1990-1991 Gulf War (GW), studies have evaluated Gulf War Illness (GWI), sometimes referred to as medically unexplained multi symptom illness, and other medical and neurological conditions in women GW veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we review epidemiologic studies of the health of women who served in the 1990-1991 GW based upon bibliographic searches in PubMed and CINAHL with relevant search terms through September 2015...
2017: Journal of Environment and Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033611/stable-ischemic-heart-disease-in-women-current-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Fatima Samad, Anushree Agarwal, Zainab Samad
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women accounting for 1 in every 4 female deaths. Pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease in women includes epicardial coronary artery, endothelial dysfunction, coronary vasospasm, plaque erosion and spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Angina is the most common presentation of stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) in women. Risk factors for SIHD include traditional risks such as older age, obesity (body mass index [BMI] >25 kg/m(2)), smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular disease, sedentary lifestyle, family history of premature coronary artery disease, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus, and nontraditional risk factors, such as gestational diabetes, insulin resistance/polycystic ovarian disease, pregnancy-induced hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, menopause, mental stress and autoimmune diseases...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033411/relationship-between-the-clinical-course-of-ulcerative-colitis-during-pregnancy-and-the-outcomes-of-pregnancy-a-retrospective-evaluation
#11
Ayumi Ito, Bunei Iizuka, Teppei Omori, Shinichi Nakamura, Katsutoshi Tokushige
Background Little information is available on the relationship between the clinical course of ulcerative colitis (UC) and the outcomes of pregnancy and delivery in pregnant Japanese women. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the factors that influence pregnancy and childbirth in middle-aged UC patients. Methods We studied 53 pregnancies in 45 pregnant women with UC who delivered at our department. They included 41 pregnancies that started while in UC remission and 12 pregnancies that started in the UC active phase...
October 16, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033119/interpregnancy-weight-change-and-adverse-maternal-outcomes-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Chelsea Lynes, Alexander C McLain, Edwina H Yeung, Paul Albert, Jihong Liu, Nansi S Boghossian
PURPOSE: Examine associations between interpregnancy body mass index (BMI) change (difference in the pre-pregnancy BMIs of two consecutive pregnancies) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pre-eclampsia (PE), gestational hypertension (GHtn), primary cesarean delivery, and vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC). METHODS: Modified Poisson regression models estimated adjusted associations. RESULTS: Every 1-unit increase in interpregnancy BMI increased risks of GDM (relative risk [RR]: 1...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032859/the-effect-of-maternal-dha-supplementation-on-body-fat-mass-in-children-at-7-years-follow-up-of-the-domino-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
K Wood, E Mantzioris, B Lingwood, J Couper, M Makrides, R A Gibson, B S Muhlhausler
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have suggested that an increased supply of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), in particular docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), during the perinatal period can prevent later excess body fat mass. However, previous human studies have produced inconsistent findings, and few have assessed potential effects beyond 6 years of age. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of supplementing women in the second half of pregnancy with omega-3 LCPUFA, chiefly as DHA, on the percentage body fat of children at 7 years of age, as assessed by two methods: air displacement plethysmography (BOD POD) and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS)...
September 22, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032242/combination-of-vitamin-b12-active-forms-improved-fetal-growth-in-wistar-rats-through-up-regulation-of-placental-mir-16-and-mir-21-levels
#14
Tejas Shah, Sanjay Mishra, Amol More, Suhas Otiv, Kishori Apte, Kalpana Joshi
Aim Epidemiological studies have indicated importance of folate and vitamin (B12) during pregnancy. Also available evidence on efficacy of B12 forms viz. Cyanocobalamin (Cbl), Methylcobalamin (MeCbl), Adenosylcobalamin (AdCbl) and Hydroxycobalamin (HCbl) in preventing or treating cobalamin deficiency is limited. The present study examines the effect of various B12 forms in combination with folate during pregnancy and their effect on gestational outcomes. MAIN METHOD: In the present study, we examined the effect of various vitamin B12 forms in presence of recommended folate (RFol: 400μg/day) and high folate (HFol: 5mg/day) on gestational outcomes in female Wistar rats...
October 12, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032069/woman-s-pre-conception-evaluation-genetic-and-fetal-risk-considerations-for-counselling-and-informed-choice
#15
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about genetic and fetal risk information to consider during a woman/couples' pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for genetic risk assessment, genetic screening, or testing to allow for improved counselling and informed choice. OPTIONS: This genetic information can be used for patient education, planning, and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow improved risk assessment for pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031756/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnancy-is-associated-with-adverse-maternal-outcomes-a-national-cohort
#16
Ghada Bourjeily, Valery A Danilack, Margaret H Bublitz, Heather Lipkind, Janet Muri, Donna Caldwell, Iris Tong, Karen Rosene-Montella
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy and the obesity epidemic impacting women of reproductive age appear to predispose women to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pregnancy. The aim of this study is to examine the association between OSA and adverse maternal outcomes in a national cohort. METHODS: The National Perinatal Information Center in the US was used to identify women with a delivery discharge diagnosis of OSA from 2010 to 2014. We used the International Classification of Diseases, ninth Revision to classify OSA diagnosis and maternal outcomes...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031714/dwarfism-and-insulin-resistance-in-male-offspring-caused-by-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-antagonism-during-pregnancy
#17
Rebecca Oelkrug, Beate Herrmann, Cathleen Geissler, Lisbeth Harder, Christiane Koch, Hendrik Lehnert, Henrik Oster, Henriette Kirchner, Jens Mittag
OBJECTIVE: Maternal and environmental factors control the epigenetic fetal programming of the embryo, thereby defining the susceptibility for metabolic or endocrine disorders in the offspring. Pharmacological interventions required as a consequence of gestational problems, e.g. hypertension, can potentially interfere with correct fetal programming. As epigenetic alterations are usually only revealed later in life and not detected in studies focusing on early perinatal outcomes, little is known about the long-term epigenetic effects of gestational drug treatments...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031540/maternal-uterine-artery-vegf-gene-therapy-for-treatment-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#18
Anna L David
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a serious pregnancy complication affecting approximately 8% of all pregnancies. The aetiology is believed to be insufficient maternal uteroplacental perfusion which prevents adequate nutrient and oxygen availability for the fetus. There is no treatment that can improve uteroplacental perfusion and thereby increase fetal growth in the uterus. Maternal uterine artery gene therapy presents a promising treatment strategy for IUGR, with the use of adenoviral vectors encoding for proteins such as Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) demonstrating improvements in fetal growth and neonatal outcome in preclinical studies...
September 27, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031488/-outcome-of-living-kidney-donors-for-transplantation
#19
Antoine Lanot, Nicolas Bouvier, Valérie Chatelet, Angélique Lecouf, Xavier Tillou, Bruno Hurault de Ligny
Nowadays, several treatments exist to treat terminal chronic renal failure. Best results for the recipients are obtained with kidney transplantation concerning mortality and quality of life. Transplantation is also the cheaper option for society. Living kidney donation raises the issue of the becoming of the donor, an absolutely healthy subject who gets to a surgical procedure. The becoming of living kidney donors has been compared with the one of controls subjects in several studies. The evaluations focused on the complications of nephrectomy in the short and long-term: kidney failure, hypertension, proteinuria, possibility of pregnancy, quality of life, and mortality...
October 11, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031402/associations-between-maternal-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-and-child-cognition-at-7-years-of-age-the-mefab-birth-cohort
#20
E M Brouwer-Brolsma, O van de Rest, R Godschalk, M P A Zeegers, M Gielen, R H M de Groot
INTRODUCTION: Concentrations of the fish fatty acids EPA and DHA are low among Dutch women of reproductive age. As the human brain incorporates high concentrations of these fatty acids in utero, particularly during third trimester of gestation, these low EPA and DHA concentrations may have adverse consequences for fetal brain development and functioning. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using longitudinal observational data of 292 mother-child pairs participating in the MEFAB cohort...
November 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
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