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Pregnancy outcome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550648/pregnancy-outcome-in-more-than-5000-births-to-women-with-viral-hepatitis-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-sweden
#1
Knut Stokkeland, Jonas Filip Ludvigsson, Rolf Hultcrantz, Anders Ekbom, Jonas Höijer, Matteo Bottai, Olof Stephansson
Previous studies have shown inconsistent results with respect to hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and pregnancy outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate pregnancy outcome in women with HBV or HCV. In a nationwide cohort of births between 2001 and 2011 we investigated the risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes in 2990 births to women with HBV and 2056 births to women with HCV using data from Swedish healthcare registries. Births to women without HBV (n = 1090 979), and births without HCV (n = 1091 913) served as population controls...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550023/the-super-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-follicle-stimulating-hormone-and-clomiphene-citrate-for-ovarian-stimulation-in-intrauterine-insemination
#2
N A Danhof, M van Wely, Cam Koks, J Gianotten, J P de Bruin, B J Cohlen, D P van der Ham, N F Klijn, Mha van Hooff, Fjm Broekmans, K Fleischer, Cah Janssen, J M Rijn van Weert, J van Disseldorp, M Twisk, M Traas, Mfg Verberg, M J Pelinck, J Visser, Dam Perquin, DES Boks, H R Verhoeve, C F van Heteren, Bwj Mol, S Repping, F van der Veen, M H Mochtar
OBJECTIVE: To study the effectiveness of four cycles of intrauterine insemination (IUI) with ovarian stimulation (OS) by follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) or by clomiphene citrate (CC), and adherence to strict cancellation criteria. SETTING: Randomised controlled trial among 22 secondary and tertiary fertility clinics in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 732 women from couples diagnosed with unexplained or mild male subfertility and an unfavourable prognosis according to the model of Hunault of natural conception...
May 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549987/spontaneous-heterotopic-triplets-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Pauline Bataille, Augustin Reynard, Guillaume Ducarme
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous heterotopic triplets, a tubal ectopic pregnancy and a twin pregnancy, are rare disorders. The study aimed to examine all available evidence regarding signs and symptoms, imaging findings, management and newborn outcome of spontaneous heterotopic triplets. DESIGN: A literature search in Medline and EMBASE databases from 2000 to 2016 was conducted. The following key words were employed: 'spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy', OR 'heterotopic triplets'...
May 23, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549983/the-effect-of-omega-3-supplementation-on-pregnancy-outcomes-by-smoking-status
#4
Spencer G Kuper, Adi R Abramovici, Victoria C Jauk, Lorie M Harper, Joseph R Biggio, Alan T Tita
BACKGROUND: Smoking during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes such as preterm delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, stillbirth, and low birth weight. Since smoking causes oxidative stress, some have suggested using antioxidants to counteract the effects of oxidative stress. Smokers have lower serum levels of omega-3 fatty acids, an important antioxidant, and thus, investigating whether omega-3 supplementation in smokers reduces adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes represents an important area of research...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549981/early-pregnancy-vaginal-microbiome-trends-and-preterm-birth
#5
Molly J Stout, Yanjiao Zhou, Kristine M Wylie, Phillip I Tarr, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of attempts to link infectious agents to preterm birth, an exact causative microbe or community of microbes remains elusive. Non-culture 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing suggests important racial differences and pregnancy specific changes in the vaginal microbial communities. A recent study examining the association of the vaginal microbiome and preterm birth documented important findings but was performed in a predominantly White cohort. Given the important racial differences in bacterial communities within the vagina as well as persistent racial disparities in preterm birth it is important to examine cohorts with varied demographic compositions...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549978/gestational-weight-gain
#6
REVIEW
Michelle A Kominiarek, Alan M Peaceman
Prenatal care providers are advised to evaluate maternal weight at each regularly scheduled prenatal visit, monitor progress toward meeting weight gain goals, and provide individualized counseling if significant deviations from a woman's goals occur. Today, nearly 50% of women exceed their weight gain goals with overweight and obese women having the highest prevalence of excessive weight gain. Risks of inadequate weight gain include low birth weight and failure to initiate breastfeeding whereas the risks of excessive weight gain include cesarean deliveries and post-partum weight retention for the mother and large for gestational age infants, macrosomia, and childhood overweight or obesity for the offspring...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549563/no-346-advanced-reproductive-age-and-fertility
#7
Kimberly E Liu, Allison Case
OBJECTIVE: To improve awareness of the natural age-related decline in female and male fertility with respect to natural fertility and assisted reproductive technologies (ART), provide recommendations for their management, and to review investigations in the assessment of ovarian aging. OPTIONS: This guideline reviews options for the assessment of ovarian reserve and fertility treatments using ART with women of advanced reproductive age presenting with infertility...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549467/the-prediction-diagnosis-and-management-of-complications-in-monochorionic-twin-pregnancies-the-ommit-optimal-management-of-monochorionic-twins-study
#8
Fiona L Mackie, R Katie Morris, Mark D Kilby
BACKGROUND: Monochorionic twin pregnancies are at increased risk of complications due to sharing a single placenta and potentially developing unbalanced vascular anastomoses. Complications include twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) which affects 10-15% monochorionic twins, and if untreated has a 70-90% perinatal loss rate. We are currently unable to predict which twins will develop complications or to what severity. We have previously shown differences in angiogenic and placental growth factors in maternal blood in pregnancies complicated by TTTS compared to twin pregnancies not complicated by TTTS but matched for gestation...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549455/inter-act-prevention-of-pregnancy-complications-through-an-e-health-driven-interpregnancy-lifestyle-intervention-study-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Annick Bogaerts, Lieveke Ameye, Margriet Bijlholt, Kelly Amuli, Dorine Heynickx, Roland Devlieger
BACKGROUND: Excessive maternal pre-pregnancy and gestational weight gain are related to pregnancy- and birth outcomes. The interpregnancy time window offers a unique opportunity to intervene in order to acquire a healthy lifestyle before the start of a new pregnancy. METHODS: INTER-ACT is an e-health driven multicentre randomised controlled intervention trial targeting women at high risk of pregnancy- and birth related complications. Eligible women are recruited for the study at day 2 or 3 postpartum...
May 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549271/the-association-between-the-early-motor-repertoire-and-language-development-in-term-children-born-after-normal-pregnancy
#10
Sahar Salavati, Christa Einspieler, Giulia Vagelli, Dajie Zhang, Jasmin Pansy, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Peter B Marschik, Arend F Bos
BACKGROUND: The assessment of the early motor repertoire is a widely used method for assessing the infant's neurological status. AIM: To determine the association between the early motor repertoire and language development. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: 22 term children born after normal pregnancy; video recorded for the assessment of the early motor repertoire including their motor optimality score (MOS), according to Prechtl, at 3 and 5months post term...
May 23, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548001/the-psychiatric-morbidity-of-women-who-give-birth-to-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-results-of-the-manitoba-mothers-and-fasd-study
#11
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Sally Longstaffe, Leslie L Roos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in physician-diagnosed psychiatric disorders between women who gave birth to children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnosis (study group) compared to women who gave birth to children without FASD (comparison group). METHODS: We linked population-level health and social services data to clinical data on FASD diagnoses to identify study group ( n = 702) and comparison group ( n = 2097) women matched 1:3 on date of birth of index child, region of residence, and socioeconomic status...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547098/obstetrical-and-perinatal-morbidity-and-mortality-among-in-vitro-fertilization-pregnancies-a-population-based-study
#12
Hussein Sabban, Andrew Zakhari, Valerie Patenaude, Togas Tulandi, Haim A Abenhaim
PURPOSE: To compare patient characteristics and obstetrical/neonatal outcomes of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and spontaneously conceived pregnancies. METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we conducted a retrospective cohort study from 2008 to 2011 comparing IVF conceptions to spontaneous ones. Patient characteristics were descriptively compared, and after adjusting for baseline characteristics with logistic regression, obstetrical/neonatal outcomes were also compared...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546668/tale-of-the-tails-the-missing-postpartum-iucd-strings
#13
Sujnanendra Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Using an intrauterine device (IUD) is many times safer than pregnancy and more effective in preventing pregnancy than oral contraceptives, condoms, spermicidal, any barrier method, or natural family planning. Benefits of healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy are many. Postpartum contraception is becoming popular after introduction of PPIUCD services. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, management, clinical outcome of missing strings cases in post-placental and intra-cesarean IUCD...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546663/comparison-of-outcome-of-normal-and-high-risk-pregnancies-based-upon-cerebroplacental-ratio-assessed-by-doppler-studies
#14
Anita Kant, Namrata Seth, Deepti Rastogi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cerebroplacental ratio which is the ratio of pulsatility index of fetal middle cerebral and umbilical arteries, in normal and high-risk pregnancies during 30-36 weeks of gestation. METHODS: In this study, we included 70 patients, who were scanned for Doppler parameters of Middle cerebral artery and Umbilical artery pulsatility index ratio of fetus, between 30 and 36 weeks, and then were followed till delivery. Thirty-five patients with normal pregnancy and 35 patients with high-risk pregnancy were included...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546662/pregnancy-outcome-in-patients-with-solitary-kidney
#15
Vineet V Mishra, Kavita M Mistry, Sakshi S Nanda, Sumesh Choudhary, Rohina Aggarwal, Khushali Gandhi
BACKGROUND: Solitary kidney may be congenital or as a result of nephrectomy. There is a lot of literature available on quality of life in these patients, but there is limited data on pregnancy outcome. OBJECTIVES: To study pregnancy outcome in patients with solitary kidney either congenital or due to nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design This is a retrospective observational study conducted at tertiary health center in Ahmedabad, from 2011 to 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546555/peptide-specific-engagement-of-the-activating-nk-cell-receptor-kir2ds1
#16
Anaïs Chapel, Wilfredo F Garcia-Beltran, Angelique Hölzemer, Maja Ziegler, Sebastian Lunemann, Gloria Martrus, Marcus Altfeld
The activating NK cell receptor KIR2DS1 has been shown to be involved in many disorders including autoimmune diseases, malignancies and pregnancy outcomes. However, the precise ligands and functions of this receptor remain unclear. We aimed to gain a better understanding of the factors involved in the binding of KIR2DS1 and its inhibitory counterpart KIR2DL1 to HLA class I molecules, and the consequences for KIR2DS1+ NK-cell function. A systematic screen that assessed binding to 97 HLA-I proteins confirmed that KIR2DS1-binding was narrowly restricted to HLA-C group 2 complexes, while KIR2DL1 showed a broader binding specificity...
May 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545637/preterm-birth-and-risk-of-heart-failure-up%C3%A2-to-early-adulthood
#17
Hanna Carr, Sven Cnattingius, Fredrik Granath, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy
BACKGROUND: In small clinical studies, preterm birth was associated with altered cardiac structure and increased cardiovascular mortality in the young. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the association between preterm birth and risk of incident heart failure (HF) in children and young adults. METHODS: This register-based cohort study included 2,665,542 individuals born in Sweden from 1987 to 2012 who were followed up from 1 year of age to December 31, 2013...
May 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545540/assessment-of-coverage-of-preventive-treatment-and-insecticide-treated-mosquito-nets-in-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-services-in-11-districts-in-mozambique-in-2011-the-critical-role-of-supply-chain
#18
Cristolde Salomão, Jahit Sacarlal, Eduardo Samo Gudo
BACKGROUND: Malaria during pregnancy is associated with poor maternal and pregnancy outcome and the World Health Organization recommends the administration of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and distribution of insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs) to all pregnant women attending antenatal care (ANC) services. This study was conducted with the aim to assess the uptake of IPTp and ITNs in pregnant women attending ANC services and correlate with ANC attendance and frequency of stock-outs in 22 health facilities Mozambique...
May 25, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545533/food-beliefs-and-practices-among-the-kalenjin-pregnant-women-in-rural-uasin-gishu-county-kenya
#19
Roselyter Monchari Riang'a, Jacqueline Broerse, Anne Kisaka Nangulu
BACKGROUND: Understanding food beliefs and practices is critical to the development of dietary recommendations, nutritional programmes, and educational messages. This study aimed to understand the pregnancy food beliefs and practices and the underlying reasons for these among the contemporary rural Kalenjin communities of Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: Through semi-structured interviews, data was collected from 154 pregnant and post-natal Kalenjin women about restricted and recommended foods, and why they are restricted or recommended during pregnancy...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545515/outcome-of-in-vitro-fertilization-in-women-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#20
YunYing Cai, LanPing Zhong, Jie Guan, RuiJin Guo, Ben Niu, YanPing Ma, Heng Su
BACKGROUND: Previous studies examining associations between subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) with in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome indicate some benefits of levothyroxine (LT4) treatment. But IVF outcomes in treated SCH women whose serum Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) concentration did and did not exceed 2.5 mIU/L before the IVF cycle has not been studied thoroughly. METHODS: In this study, we performed a prospective cohort study with 270 treated subclinical hypothyroidism patients undergoing their first IVF retrieval cycle at a single cite...
May 25, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
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