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psychological detachment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#1
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765311/altered-sense-of-body-ownership-and-agency-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-dissociative-subtype-a-rubber-hand-illusion-study
#2
Daniela Rabellino, Dalila Burin, Sherain Harricharan, Chantelle Lloyd, Paul A Frewen, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth A Lanius
Traumatic experiences have been linked to the development of altered states of consciousness affecting bodily perception, including alterations in body ownership and in sense of agency, the conscious experience of the body as one's own and under voluntary control. Severe psychological trauma and prolonged distress may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Together, symptoms of derealization and, related specifically to the sense of body ownership and agency, of depersonalization (where parts of the body or the entire body itself is perceived as detached and out of control), constitute the dissociative subtype (PTSD+DS)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757086/bereavement-hallucinations-after-the-loss-of-a-spouse-associations-with-psychopathological-measures-personality-and-coping-style
#3
Karina Elisabeth Jensen, Maja O'Connor, Helle Spindler, Andrew Moskowitz
Bereavement hallucinations (BHs) were assessed in 175 conjugally bereaved participants four years post loss, to explore whether BHs were: a) associated with psychological distress and b) predicted by sociodemographic variables, personality and/or coping style. Participants with BHs scored significantly higher than those without BHs on prolonged grief, post-traumatic stress, depression symptoms, and emotional loneliness. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis showed avoidant coping, openness to experience, and length of marriage to significantly predict BHs, while detached coping was negatively associated with BHs...
May 14, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756789/emotional-demands-and-alcohol-use-in-corrections-a-moderated-mediation-model
#4
Brittnie R Shepherd, Charlotte Fritz, Leslie B Hammer, Frankie Guros, David Meier
This study examined predictors of alcohol use (i.e., drinking quantity and frequency) in a sample of correctional officers (COs). More specifically, based on the idea of drinking to cope, we predicted an indirect effect of emotional demands at work on COs' drinking through employee burnout (i.e., exhaustion and disengagement). We further proposed that this indirect effect would be moderated by recovery experiences outside of work (i.e., psychological detachment and mastery). Participants were 1,039 COs from 14 state correctional facilities...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756787/work-stressors-and-partner-social-undermining-comparing-negative-affect-and-psychological-detachment-as-mechanisms
#5
Laurenz L Meier, Eunae Cho
With the mounting evidence that employees' work experiences spill over into the family domain and cross over to family members, it is important to understand the underlying mechanism through which work experiences affect the family domain and what factors may alleviate the adverse impact of work stress. Expanding previous research that mainly focused on the affect-based mechanism (negative affect), the present research investigated a resource-based mechanism (psychological detachment from work) in the relationship linking two work stressors (high workload and workplace incivility) with social undermining toward the partner at home...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698353/psychological-detachment-safer-for-patient-care-a-critical-thinking-response
#6
Matthew James Kerry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683714/workplace-incivility-and-employee-sleep-the-role-of-rumination-and-recovery-experiences
#7
Caitlin A Demsky, Charlotte Fritz, Leslie B Hammer, Anne E Black
This study examines the role of negative work rumination and recovery experiences in explaining the association between workplace incivility and employee insomnia symptoms. Drawing on the perseverative cognition model of stress and the effort-recovery model, we hypothesize a moderated mediation model in which workplace incivility is associated with insomnia symptoms via negative work rumination. This indirect effect is proposed to be conditional on employees' reported level of recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment from work and relaxation during nonwork time)...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643922/an-investigation-of-the-psychological-experiences-of-patients-under-mechanical-ventilation-following-open-heart-surgery
#8
Yousef Aslani, Reyhaneh Niknejad, Maryam Moghimian, Jaefar Maghaddasi, Mohammad Akbari
BACKGROUND: Breathing and living on mechanical ventilation develops a different feeling in patients. Most of such feelings and experiences are not pleasant and can lead to psychiatric disorders in the patients after they are detached from the ventilator. The aim of this study is to explore the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted according to an interpretive epistemological approach in 2016...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486234/detached-and-distracted-erp-correlates-of-altered-attentional-function-in-depersonalisation
#9
Nadine Schabinger, Helge Gillmeister, Stefan Berti, Matthias Michal, Manfred E Beutel, Julia Adler
Depersonalisation (DP) is a psychological condition marked by feelings of disembodiment. In everyday life, it is frequently associated with concentration problems. The present study used visual event-related potentials (ERPs) in a Posner-type spatial cueing task with valid, invalid and spatially neutral cues to delineate the potential neurophysiological correlates of these concentration problems. Altered attentional functioning at early, sensory stages was found in DP patients but not in anxiety- and depression-matched psychosomatic patients without DP...
April 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485520/detach-yourself-the-positive-effect-of-psychological-detachment-on-patient-safety-in-long-term-care
#10
Martina Buljac-Samardžić, Connie Dekker-van Doorn, Jeroen Van Wijngaarden
OBJECTIVES: Delivering health care is emotionally demanding. Emotional competencies that enable caregivers to identify and handle emotions may be important to deliver safe care, as it improves resilience and enables caregivers to make better decisions. A relevant emotional competence could be psychological detachment, which refers to the ability to psychologically detach from work and patients in off-duty hours. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological detachment and patient safety...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396860/trapped-like-a-butterfly-in-a-spider-s-web-experiences-of-female-spousal-caregivers-in-the-care-of-husbands-with-severe-mental-illness
#11
Farnaz Rahmani, Hossein Ebrahimi, Naeimeh Seyedfatemi, Hossein Namdar Areshtanab, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Bill Whitehead
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of female spousal caregivers in the care of husbands with severe mental illness. BACKGROUND: Family involvement in the care of patients with chronic illness is essential to provide a backbone of support for them. However, little is known about how female spousal caregivers are confronted with challenges while taking care of their husbands with severe mental illness. DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative study...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338130/correlation-between-morphological-characteristics-in-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-different-functional-tests-and-a-patient-s-subjective-handicap-in-acute-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#12
Bianca S Gerendas, Julia-Sophie Kroisamer, Wolf Buehl, Sandra M Rezar-Dreindl, Katharina M Eibenberger, Eleonore Pablik, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, Stefan Sacu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify quantitatively measurable morphologic optical coherence tomography (OCT) characteristics in patients with an acute episode of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and evaluate their correlation to functional and psychological variables for their use in daily clinical practice. METHODS: Retinal thickness (RT), the height, area and volume of subretinal fluid (SRF)/pigment epithelium detachments were evaluated using the standardized procedures of the Vienna Reading Center...
January 16, 2018: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261139/ovsiankina-s-great-relief-how-supplemental-work-during-the-weekend-may-contribute-to-recovery-in-the-face-of-unfinished-tasks
#13
Oliver Weigelt, Christine J Syrek
Unfinished tasks have been identified as a significant job stressor that impairs employee recovery after work. Classic experimental research by Ovsiankina has shown that people tend to resume yet unfinished tasks to satisfy their need for closure. We apply this notion to current working life and examine supplemental work after hours as a means to achieve peace of mind. We investigate how progress towards goal accomplishment through supplemental work may facilitate recovery in terms of psychological detachment, relaxation, autonomy, and mastery experiences...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163274/the-relationship-between-job-demands-and-employees-counterproductive-work-behaviors-the-mediating-effect-of-psychological-detachment-and-job-anxiety
#14
Yang Chen, Shuang Li, Qing Xia, Chao He
This study aims to explore the relation between job demands and counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs). A cross-sectional sample of 439 coal miners completed a self-report questionnaire that assessed their job demands, psychological detachment, job anxiety, and CWBs in a Chinese context. The conceptual model, based on the stressor-detachment model, was examined using structural equation modeling. The results suggest that psychological detachment mediates not only the relation between job demands and job anxiety but also that between job demands and CWBs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144883/what-was-once-essential-may-become-detrimental-the-mediating-role-of-depersonalization-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-emotional-maltreatment-and-psychological-distress-in-adults
#15
Aoife Ó Laoide, Jonathan Egan, Kristin Osborn
Depersonalization (DP) is a dissociative phenomenon, characterized by feeling "unreal" or detached from one's own emotions, thoughts, and behavior (APA, 2013). It is considered to be a defense mechanism, employed in response to overwhelming events, whereby thoughts and emotions are suppressed in order to enhance the individual's capacity to function in traumatic environments. DP has been found to co-occur with anxiety and depressive disorders, and childhood emotional maltreatment (EM) has been identified as an important predisposing factor...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932912/behavioral-cognitive-and-emotional-coping-strategies-of-women-with-endometriosis-a-critical-narrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Cristina Zarbo, Agostino Brugnera, Luigi Frigerio, Chiara Malandrino, Massimo Rabboni, Emi Bondi, Angelo Compare
Endometriosis is a disabling and long-term medical condition affecting quality of life and mental health. Behavioral, cognitive, and emotional coping strategies, emotional intelligence, and metacognition could in part explain the link between the disease and impaired psychological and life functioning. This critical narrative review aimed at examining the state of the art of the relationships between endometriosis and these factors. According to PRISMA principles, we performed a systematic search for quantitative and qualitative studies on multiple electronic databases as regards coping strategies, emotional intelligence, and metacognition in women with endometriosis...
February 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915376/psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-bonding-questionnaire-and-correlates-of-mother-infant-bonding-impairment-in-italian-new-mothers
#17
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
OBJECTIVE: impaired maternal bonding is a risk factor for problems with infant well-being and development. The investigation of perinatal variables related to disorders of the mother-infant relationship as well as the administration of reliable and valid screening tools to new mothers in the postpartum can help identify early signs of a disturbed mother-child relationship. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) has been shown to be a valid screening instrument, but its dimensional structure is still controversial...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628056/time-for-self-care-downtime-recovery-as-a-buffer-of-work-and-home-family-time-pressures
#19
Alicia G Dugan, Janet L Barnes-Farrell
OBJECTIVE: Opportunities for people to recover from stress are insufficient, because demanding and excessive life activities leave little time for recovery. Downtime is a self-care behavior that can occur in any life domain (ie, work, home/family, leisure). METHODS: Using survey data from a cross-section of 422 U.S. workers, we tested hypotheses regarding downtime as a buffer of the effects of time pressure and whether downtime's benefits were related to the domain in which it was taken, or influenced by perceived time control...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583221/impact-of-dysfunctional-maternal-personality-traits-on-risk-of-offspring-depression-anxiety-and-self-harm-at-age-18-years-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#20
R M Pearson, A Campbell, L M Howard, M H Bornstein, H O'Mahen, B Mars, P Moran
BACKGROUND: The impact of underlying parental psychological vulnerability on the future mental health of offspring is not fully understood. Using a prospective cohort design, we investigated the association between dysfunctional parental personality traits and risks of offspring self-harm, depression and anxiety. METHODS: The association between dysfunctional parental personality traits (monotony avoidance, impulsivity, anger, suspicion, and detachment), measured in both mothers and fathers when offspring were age 9 years, and risk of offspring depression, anxiety and self-harm at age 18 years, was investigated in a population-based cohort (ALSPAC) from over 8000 parents and children...
June 6, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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