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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719880/dissociation-and-functional-neurologic-disorders
#1
R J Brown
Dissociation has been cited as a possible psychologic mechanism underpinning functional neurologic disorders (FND) since the 19th century. Since that time, changes in psychiatric classification have created confusion about what the term dissociation actually means. The available evidence suggests that it now refers to at least two qualitatively distinct types of phenomena: detachment (an altered state of consciousness characterized by a sense of separation from the self or world) and compartmentalization (a reversible loss of voluntary control over apparently intact processes and functions), as well as their underlying mechanisms...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692349/-validation-of-a-french-translation-of-krueger-s-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-in-its-brief-form-pid-5-bf
#2
S Combaluzier, B Gouvernet, F Menant, A Rezrazi
OBJECTIVE: Since the publication of the DSM-5 (APA, 2013), the dimensional conception of the personality disorders is co-existing with the classical categorical paradigm. Tools have been proposed for the evaluations of five big pathological factors to be explored further according to the APA (negative affectivity, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, psychoticism). Despite numerous works using these questionnaires (30 works in 3 years according to Al-Adjani et al., 2015), none of them have yet been translated into French...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618407/better-together-examining-profiles-of-employee-recovery-experiences
#3
Andrew A Bennett, Allison S Gabriel, Charles Calderwood, Jason J Dahling, John P Trougakos
Employees are exposed to a wide variety of job demands that deplete personal resources and necessitate recovery. In light of this need, research on work recovery has focused on how distinct recovery experiences during postwork time relate to employee well-being. However, investigators have largely tested the effects of these experiences in isolation, neglecting the possibility that profiles of recovery experiences may exist and influence the recovery process. The current set of studies adopted a person-centered approach using latent profile analysis to understand whether unique constellations of recovery experiences-psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery, control, and problem-solving pondering-emerged for 2 samples of full-time employees...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546075/decomposing-fear-perception-a-combination-of-psychophysics-and-neurometric-modeling-of-fear-perception
#4
Emily C Forscher, Yan Zheng, Zijun Ke, Jonathan Folstein, Wen Li
Emotion perception is known to involve multiple operations and waves of analysis, but specific nature of these processes remains poorly understood. Combining psychophysical testing and neurometric analysis of event-related potentials (ERPs) in a fear detection task with parametrically varied fear intensities (N=45), we sought to elucidate key processes in fear perception. Building on psychophysics marking fear perception thresholds, our neurometric model fitting identified several putative operations and stages: four key processes arose in sequence following face presentation - fear-neutral categorization (P1 at 100ms), fear detection (P300 at 320ms), valuation (early subcomponent of the late positive potential/LPP at 400-500ms) and conscious awareness (late subcomponent LPP at 500-600ms)...
October 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538601/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-and-functional-motor-symptoms-a-common-phenomenology
#5
Benedetta Demartini, Diana Goeta, Valentina Barbieri, Lucia Ricciardi, Maria Paola Canevini, Katherine Turner, Armando D'Agostino, Luigi Romito, Orsola Gambini
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have attempted to compare patients affected by psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) to patients affected by functional motor symptoms (FMS) from a demographic, clinical and psychological perspective. Nevertheless, results are quite controversial and significant conclusions have not been drawn. The aim of our study was to evaluate the phenomenology of psychology of the two groups assessing levels of dissociation and its subcomponents, alexithymia and interoceptive sensitivity in patients with PNES and in patients with FMS...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349581/-dimensions-of-personality-attachment-style-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-are-there-gender-specific-differences
#6
N Camart, M Cotte, S Leignel, C Bouvet, F Limosin
AIM: Literature reports particularities in certain psychological dimensions, such as personality traits, early maladaptive schemas and attachment styles among patients dependent on alcohol. Several international studies have also emphasized significant gender differences in psychological profiles. However, in France, only a few studies have dealt with this subject. Our aim was on the one hand to study the characteristics of alcohol-dependent patients in these variables, and on the other hand to search for gender differences...
June 24, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283433/cognitive-attentional-syndrome-and-metacognitive-beliefs-in-male-sexual-dysfunction-an-exploratory-study
#7
Simona Giuri, Gabriele Caselli, Chiara Manfredi, Daniela Rebecchi, Antonio Granata, Giovanni Maria Ruggiero, Guido Veronese
Erectile dysfunction (ED) and premature ejaculation (PE) are two forms of male sexual disorder with both psychological and physical features. While their cognitive, attentional, and affective components have been investigated separately, there is a lack of knowledge about the role played by cognitive attentional syndrome in their onset and maintenance. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible contribution of perseverative thinking styles and thought control strategies to the development and maintenance of ED and PE...
June 8, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281983/-from-anamnesis-to-the-art-of-interpretation-or-what-is-a-genuine-psychoanalyst-wolfgang-warda-ludwig-binswanger-wilhelm-strohmayer-and-the-origins-of-psychoanalysis-in-thuringia
#8
Ulrike May
Warda and Strohmayer from Thuringia were among the first German physicians who developed an interest in Freuds theory and therapeutic method around 1900. Their contributions reflect the influence of Otto Binswanger, professor of psychiatry in Jena, a representative of the "psychological direction" in psychiatry which in the beginning was relatively receptive to Freud. The paper discusses their rapprochement to, and detachment from, the Freudian school, including also the work of a third young physician: Ludwig Binswanger, Otto's nephew, who was active in Jena at the same time...
2016: Luzifer-Amor: Zeitschrift Zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249161/internet-and-mobile-based-stress-management-for-employees-with-adherence-focused-guidance-efficacy-and-mechanism-of-change
#9
David Daniel Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Elena Heber, Heleen Riper, Pim Cuijpers, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among employees compared to a 6-month waitlist control group (WLC) with full access to treatment-as-usual. METHOD: A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was assigned to either the iSMI or WLC group. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions and one booster session including problem-solving and emotion regulation techniques...
September 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123888/linking-boundary-crossing-from-work-to-nonwork-to-work-related-rumination-across-time-a-variable-and-person-oriented-approach
#10
Ulla Kinnunen, Taru Feldt, Jessica de Bloom, Marjaana Sianoja, Kalevi Korpela, Sabine Geurts
This 1-year follow-up study (N = 841) investigated the relationship between boundary crossing behavior from work to nonwork and work-related rumination (i.e., affective rumination, problem-solving pondering, and lack of psychological detachment from work during off-job time). This relationship is important to examine as work-related rumination is a risk factor for poor recovery and ill-health over time. The aims were twofold: first, to examine these relationships in terms of temporal ordering, and, second, to show how individual differences regarding stability and change of boundaries from work to nonwork are reflected in work-related rumination across time...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076450/the-dating-violence-questionnaire-validation-of-the-cuestionario-de-violencia-de-novios-using-a-college-sample-from-the-united-states
#11
Javier López-Cepero, Humberto Eduardo Fabelo, Luis Rodríguez-Franco, F Javier Rodríguez-Díaz
This study provides psychometric information for the Dating Violence Questionnaire (DVQ), an instrument developed to assess intimate partner victimization among adolescents and youths. This instrument, an English version of Cuestionario de Violencia de Novios, assesses both frequency and discomfort associated with 8 types of abuse (detachment, humiliation, sexual, coercion, physical, gender-based, emotional punishment, and instrumental). Participant included 859 U.S. students enrolled in undergraduate psychology courses in a mid-Atlantic university (M = 19 years; SD = 1...
2016: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054502/-it-s-tough-hanging-up-a-call-the-relationships-between-calling-and-work-hours-psychological-detachment-sleep-quality-and-morning-vigor
#12
Michael E Clinton, Neil Conway, Jane Sturges
It has been argued that when people believe that their work is a calling, it can often be experienced as an intense and consuming passion with significant personal meaning. While callings have been demonstrated to have several positive outcomes for individuals, less is known about the potential downsides for those who experience work in this way. This study develops a multiple-meditation model proposing that, while the intensity of a calling has a positive direct effect on work-related vigor, it motivates people to work longer hours, which both directly and indirectly via longer work hours, limits their psychological detachment from work in the evenings...
April 7, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049337/daily-impaired-detachment-and-short-term-effects-of-impaired-sleep-quality-on-next-day-commuting-near-accidents-an-ambulatory-diary-study
#13
Diana Pereira, Sarah Bucher, Achim Elfering
This study investigated the short-term effects of daily recovery, that is, impaired psychological detachment from work and various actigraphical indicators of sleep quality, on near-accidents when commuting to work the next morning. Furthermore, the mediating effect of actigraphically assessed sleep quality on the relationship between impaired psychological detachment from work and near-accidents when commuting to work was analysed. Fifty-six full-time employees of a Swiss assurance company participated in the one-week study...
August 2016: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976063/ayahuasca-pharmacology-neuroscience-and-therapeutic-potential
#14
Elisabet Domínguez-Clavé, Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Juan C Pascual, Enrique Álvarez, Mario de la Fuente Revenga, Pablo Friedlander, Amanda Feilding, Jordi Riba
Ayahuasca is the Quechua name for a tea obtained from the vine Banisteriopsis caapi, and used for ritual purposes by the indigenous populations of the Amazon. The use of a variation of the tea that combines B. caapi with the leaves of the shrub Psychotria viridis has experienced unprecedented expansion worldwide for its psychotropic properties. This preparation contains the psychedelic 5-HT2A receptor agonist N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) from P. viridis, plus β-carboline alkaloids with monoamine-oxidase-inhibiting properties from B...
March 11, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949820/from-dawn-till-dusk-shedding-light-on-the-recovery-process-by-investigating-daily-change-patterns-in-fatigue
#15
Ute R Hülsheger
Although the notion that recovery is a process rather than a state lies at the heart of recovery theory, the continuous cycle of depletion and replenishment of resources itself has not yet been investigated empirically. In the present article, I therefore build on recovery theory and on evidence from chronobiological research and adopt a temporal research approach that allows investigating change trajectories in fatigue over the course of the day. Furthermore, the role of sleep quality and psychological detachment in these change trajectories is investigated...
June 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939559/vitrectomy-for-primary-symptomatic-vitreous-opacities-an-evidence-based-review
#16
REVIEW
T Ivanova, A Jalil, Y Antoniou, P N Bishop, J L Vallejo-Garcia, N Patton
Floaters are a common ocular condition which form as a consequence of aging changes in the vitreous. Although in most patients the symptoms are minimal, they can cause significant impairment in vision-related quality of life in a small population of patients. Recently there has been an increase in awareness of the visual disability caused by floaters, and the evidence-base for treatment of this condition using small-gauge vitrectomy has increased. In this review, we define the term 'floaters' as symptomatic vitreous opacities (SVO)...
May 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902854/perceived-social-support-as-a-determinant-of-quality-of-life-among-medical-students-6-month-follow-up-study
#17
In Cheol Hwang, Kwi Hwa Park, Jin Joo Kim, Jun Yim, Kwang Pil Ko, Seung Min Bae, Sun Young Kyung
OBJECTIVE: This longitudinal study aimed to identify the relevant factors related to quality of life (QoL) changes in medical students. METHODS: For this 6-month follow-up study, we enrolled 109 students from a Korean medical school. To assess students' QoL, we used the World Health Organization QoL scale. Possible determinants of student QoL included demographics, fatigue, and social support. A stepwise multivariate analysis identified factors associated with changes of student QoL...
February 22, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26886485/prevalence-and-gender-differences-in-symptomatology-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-iraqi-yazidis-displaced-into-turkey
#18
Atilla Tekin, Hekim Karadağ, Metin Süleymanoğlu, Merve Tekin, Yusuf Kayran, Gökay Alpak, Vedat Şar
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are common among populations displaced due to large-scale political conflicts and war. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and gender-based differences in symptoms of PTSD and depression among Iraqi Yazidis displaced into Turkey. METHOD: The study was conducted on 238 individuals who were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I) and the Stressful Life Events Screening Questionnaire...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26884049/self-guided-internet-based-and-mobile-based-stress-management-for-employees-results-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David Daniel Ebert, Elena Heber, Matthias Berking, Heleen Riper, Pim Cuijpers, Burkhardt Funk, Dirk Lehr
OBJECTIVE: This randomised controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a self-guided internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) for employees compared to a 6-month wait-list control group (WLC) with full access for both groups to treatment as usual. METHOD: A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was randomly assigned to either the iSMI or to the WLC. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions and one booster session including problem-solving and emotion regulation techniques...
May 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829972/psychological-detachment-from-work-during-non-work-time-linear-or-curvilinear-relations-with-mental-health-and-work-engagement
#20
Akihito Shimazu, Ko Matsudaira, Jan DE Jonge, Naoya Tosaka, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Masaya Takahashi
This study examined whether a higher level of psychological detachment during non-work time is associated with better employee mental health (Hypothesis 1), and examined whether psychological detachment has a curvilinear relation (inverted U-shaped pattern) with work engagement (Hypothesis 2). A large cross-sectional Internet survey was conducted among registered monitors of an Internet survey company in Japan. The questionnaire included scales for psychological detachment, employee mental health, and work engagement as well as for job characteristics and demographic variables as potential confounders...
June 10, 2016: Industrial Health
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