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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344182/repair-of-frontoethmoidal-encephalocele-in-the-philippines-an-account-of-30-cases-between-2008-2013
#1
Amanda-Lynn Marshall, Pradeep Setty, Mark Hnatiuk, Daniel R Pieper
BACKGROUND: Frontoethmoidal encephalocele is a congenital abnormality of the anterior skull base involving herniation of cranial contents through a midline skull defect. Patency of the foramen cecum, along with other multifactorial variables, contribute to the development of frontoethmoidal encephaloceles. Due to limited resources, financial constraints, and lack of surgical expertise, repair of frontoethmoidal encephaloceles are limited in developing countries. METHODS: Between 2008-2013 an interdisciplinary team composed of neurosurgeons, craniofacial surgeons, otolaryngologists, plastic surgeons and nursing personnel, conducted surgical mission trips to Davao City in Mindanao, Philippines...
March 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261144/parallel-distinct-structures-of-internal-world-and-external-reality-disavowing-and-re-claiming-the-self-identity-in-the-aftermath-of-trauma-generated-dissociation
#2
Vedat Şar
The nature of consciousness and the autonomy of the individual's mind have been a focus of interest throughout the past century and inspired many theories and models. Revival of studies on psychological trauma and dissociation, which remained outside mainstream psychiatry, psychology, and psychoanalysis for the most part of the past century, has provided a new opportunity to revisit this intellectual and scientific endeavor. This paper attempts to integrate a series of empirical and theoretical studies on psychological consequences of developmental traumatization, which may yield further insight into factors which threaten the integrity of human consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#3
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206790/illegitimate-tasks-reach-into-afterwork-hours-a-multilevel-study
#4
Sabine Sonnentag, Tanja Lischetzke
This study examines illegitimate tasks as a specific type of job stressors. Illegitimate tasks comprise unreasonable and unnecessary tasks and refer to inappropriate task assignments that go beyond an employee's role requirements. Building on the stressor-detachment model, we hypothesized that illegitimate tasks experienced during the day predict high negative affect and low self-esteem at the end of the workday, which in turn should predict poor psychological detachment from work during evening hours, resulting in sustained high levels of negative affect and low self-esteem at bedtime...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182452/correction-to-kinnunen-et-al-2016
#5
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Linking Boundary Crossing from Work to Nonwork to Work-Related Rumination across Time: A Variable- and Person-Oriented Approach" by Ulla Kinnunen, Taru Feldt, Jessica de Bloom, Marjaana Sianoja, Kalevi Korpela and Sabine Geurts (Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Apr 28, 2016, np). In the original article, there were errors in "The Present Study" section and in the "Identifying Subgroups of Boundary Crossing Behavior Across Time" subsection of the "Results" section...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174662/psychological-rumination-and-recovery-from-work-in-intensive-care-professionals-associations-with-stress-burnout-depression-and-health
#6
Tushna Vandevala, Louisa Pavey, Olga Chelidoni, Nai-Feng Chang, Ben Creagh-Brown, Anna Cox
BACKGROUND: The work demands of critical care can be a major cause of stress in intensive care unit (ICU) professionals and lead to poor health outcomes. In the process of recovery from work, psychological rumination is considered to be an important mediating variable in the relationship between work demands and health outcomes. This study aimed to extend our knowledge of the process by which ICU stressors and differing rumination styles are associated with burnout, depression and risk of psychiatric morbidity among ICU professionals...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068907/hospitalized-care-for-mdr-tb-in-port-harcourt-nigeria-a-qualitative-study
#7
Kingsley Lezor Bieh, Ralf Weigel, Helen Smith
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is prevalent in 2.9% of new TB cases and 14% of retreatment cases, and the country is one of 27 with high disease burden globally. Patients are admitted and confined to one of ten MDR-TB treatment facilities throughout the initial 8 months of treatment. The perspectives of MDR-TB patients shared on social media and in academic research and those of providers are limited to experiences of home-based care. In this study we explored the views of hospitalised MDR-TB patients and providers in one treatment facility in Nigeria, and describe how their experiences are linked to accessibility of care and support services, in line with international goals...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938872/experiential-avoidance-self-compassion-self-judgment-and-coping-styles-in-infertility
#8
Marina Cunha, Ana Galhardo, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVES: This study sought out to explore the existence of differences regarding emotion regulation processes (psychological inflexibility/experiential avoidance, self-judgment and self-compassion) and coping styles (emotional/detached, avoidant and rational) in three different groups of couples: 120 fertile couples (FG), 147 couples with an infertility diagnosis who were pursuing medical treatment for their fertility problem(s) (IG), and 59 couples with infertility applying for adoption (AG)...
December 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936411/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-correlates-in-u-s-military-veterans
#9
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Marie K Deserno, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: Recent developments in psychometrics enable the application of network models to analyze psychological disorders, such as PTSD. Instead of understanding symptoms as indicators of an underlying common cause, this approach suggests symptoms co-occur in syndromes due to causal interactions. The current study has two goals: (1) examine the network structure among the 20 DSM-5 PTSD symptoms, and (2) incorporate clinically relevant variables to the network to investigate whether PTSD symptoms exhibit differential relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, physical functioning/quality of life (QoL), mental functioning/QoL, age, and sex...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719880/dissociation-and-functional-neurologic-disorders
#10
REVIEW
R J Brown
Dissociation has been cited as a possible psychologic mechanism underpinning functional neurologic disorders (FND) since the 19th century. Since that time, changes in psychiatric classification have created confusion about what the term dissociation actually means. The available evidence suggests that it now refers to at least two qualitatively distinct types of phenomena: detachment (an altered state of consciousness characterized by a sense of separation from the self or world) and compartmentalization (a reversible loss of voluntary control over apparently intact processes and functions), as well as their underlying mechanisms...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692349/-validation-of-a-french-translation-of-krueger-s-personality-inventory-for-dsm-5-in-its-brief-form-pid-5-bf
#11
S Combaluzier, B Gouvernet, F Menant, A Rezrazi
OBJECTIVE: Since the publication of the DSM-5 (APA, 2013), the dimensional conception of the personality disorders is co-existing with the classical categorical paradigm. Tools have been proposed for the evaluations of five big pathological factors to be explored further according to the APA (negative affectivity, detachment, antagonism, disinhibition, psychoticism). Despite numerous works using these questionnaires (30 works in 3 years according to Al-Adjani et al., 2015), none of them have yet been translated into French...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618407/better-together-examining-profiles-of-employee-recovery-experiences
#12
Andrew A Bennett, Allison S Gabriel, Charles Calderwood, Jason J Dahling, John P Trougakos
Employees are exposed to a wide variety of job demands that deplete personal resources and necessitate recovery. In light of this need, research on work recovery has focused on how distinct recovery experiences during postwork time relate to employee well-being. However, investigators have largely tested the effects of these experiences in isolation, neglecting the possibility that profiles of recovery experiences may exist and influence the recovery process. The current set of studies adopted a person-centered approach using latent profile analysis to understand whether unique constellations of recovery experiences-psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery, control, and problem-solving pondering-emerged for 2 samples of full-time employees...
December 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546075/decomposing-fear-perception-a-combination-of-psychophysics-and-neurometric-modeling-of-fear-perception
#13
Emily C Forscher, Yan Zheng, Zijun Ke, Jonathan Folstein, Wen Li
Emotion perception is known to involve multiple operations and waves of analysis, but specific nature of these processes remains poorly understood. Combining psychophysical testing and neurometric analysis of event-related potentials (ERPs) in a fear detection task with parametrically varied fear intensities (N=45), we sought to elucidate key processes in fear perception. Building on psychophysics marking fear perception thresholds, our neurometric model fitting identified several putative operations and stages: four key processes arose in sequence following face presentation - fear-neutral categorization (P1 at 100ms), fear detection (P300 at 320ms), valuation (early subcomponent of the late positive potential/LPP at 400-500ms) and conscious awareness (late subcomponent LPP at 500-600ms)...
October 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538601/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-and-functional-motor-symptoms-a-common-phenomenology
#14
Benedetta Demartini, Diana Goeta, Valentina Barbieri, Lucia Ricciardi, Maria Paola Canevini, Katherine Turner, Armando D'Agostino, Luigi Romito, Orsola Gambini
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have attempted to compare patients affected by psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) to patients affected by functional motor symptoms (FMS) from a demographic, clinical and psychological perspective. Nevertheless, results are quite controversial and significant conclusions have not been drawn. The aim of our study was to evaluate the phenomenology of psychology of the two groups assessing levels of dissociation and its subcomponents, alexithymia and interoceptive sensitivity in patients with PNES and in patients with FMS...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349581/-dimensions-of-personality-attachment-style-and-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-are-there-gender-specific-differences
#15
N Camart, M Cotte, S Leignel, C Bouvet, F Limosin
AIM: Literature reports particularities in certain psychological dimensions, such as personality traits, early maladaptive schemas and attachment styles among patients dependent on alcohol. Several international studies have also emphasized significant gender differences in psychological profiles. However, in France, only a few studies have dealt with this subject. Our aim was on the one hand to study the characteristics of alcohol-dependent patients in these variables, and on the other hand to search for gender differences...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283433/cognitive-attentional-syndrome-and-metacognitive-beliefs-in-male-sexual-dysfunction-an-exploratory-study
#16
Simona Giuri, Gabriele Caselli, Chiara Manfredi, Daniela Rebecchi, Antonio Granata, Giovanni Maria Ruggiero, Guido Veronese
Erectile dysfunction (ED) and premature ejaculation (PE) are two forms of male sexual disorder with both psychological and physical features. While their cognitive, attentional, and affective components have been investigated separately, there is a lack of knowledge about the role played by cognitive attentional syndrome in their onset and maintenance. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible contribution of perseverative thinking styles and thought control strategies to the development and maintenance of ED and PE...
June 8, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281983/-from-anamnesis-to-the-art-of-interpretation-or-what-is-a-genuine-psychoanalyst-wolfgang-warda-ludwig-binswanger-wilhelm-strohmayer-and-the-origins-of-psychoanalysis-in-thuringia
#17
Ulrike May
Warda and Strohmayer from Thuringia were among the first German physicians who developed an interest in Freuds theory and therapeutic method around 1900. Their contributions reflect the influence of Otto Binswanger, professor of psychiatry in Jena, a representative of the "psychological direction" in psychiatry which in the beginning was relatively receptive to Freud. The paper discusses their rapprochement to, and detachment from, the Freudian school, including also the work of a third young physician: Ludwig Binswanger, Otto's nephew, who was active in Jena at the same time...
2016: Luzifer-Amor: Zeitschrift Zur Geschichte der Psychoanalyse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249161/internet-and-mobile-based-stress-management-for-employees-with-adherence-focused-guidance-efficacy-and-mechanism-of-change
#18
David Daniel Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Elena Heber, Heleen Riper, Pim Cuijpers, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based stress management intervention (iSMI) among employees compared to a 6-month waitlist control group (WLC) with full access to treatment-as-usual. METHOD: A sample of 264 employees with elevated symptoms of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale, PSS-10 ≥22) was assigned to either the iSMI or WLC group. The iSMI consisted of seven sessions and one booster session including problem-solving and emotion regulation techniques...
September 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123888/linking-boundary-crossing-from-work-to-nonwork-to-work-related-rumination-across-time-a-variable-and-person-oriented-approach
#19
Ulla Kinnunen, Taru Feldt, Jessica de Bloom, Marjaana Sianoja, Kalevi Korpela, Sabine Geurts
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in Journal of Occupational Health Psychology on Feb 9 2017 (see record 2017-05746-001). In the original article, there were errors in "The Present Study" section and in the "Identifying Subgroups of Boundary Crossing Behavior Across Time" subsection of the "Results" section. The final sentence preceding Hypothesis 4 in "The Present Study" section should read, "We did not hypothesize that the specific forms of work-related thoughts (i.e., affective rumination, problemsolving pondering, or lack of psychological detachment) would be differently associated with stability or changes in boundary crossing behavior...
April 28, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27076450/the-dating-violence-questionnaire-validation-of-the-cuestionario-de-violencia-de-novios-using-a-college-sample-from-the-united-states
#20
Javier López-Cepero, Humberto Eduardo Fabelo, Luis Rodríguez-Franco, F Javier Rodríguez-Díaz
This study provides psychometric information for the Dating Violence Questionnaire (DVQ), an instrument developed to assess intimate partner victimization among adolescents and youths. This instrument, an English version of Cuestionario de Violencia de Novios, assesses both frequency and discomfort associated with 8 types of abuse (detachment, humiliation, sexual, coercion, physical, gender-based, emotional punishment, and instrumental). Participant included 859 U.S. students enrolled in undergraduate psychology courses in a mid-Atlantic university (M = 19 years; SD = 1...
2016: Violence and Victims
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