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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221906/tracing-surrogates-for-enteric-pathogens-inoculated-on-hide-through-the-beef-harvesting-process
#1
Mariana Villarreal-Silva, Daniel P Genho, Irfan Ilhak, Lisa M Lucia, James S Dickson, Kerri B Gehring, Jeffrey W Savell, Alejandro Castillo
Multiple antimicrobial interventions have been validated for use during the beef postharvesting process. However, little has been done to determine the impact of the postharvest environment on pathogen contamination. In this study, surrogate microorganisms were used to simulate pathogen cross-contamination through the postharvest environment at three different abattoirs. At each abattoir, the brisket areas of 13 hide-on carcasses were inoculated after stunning, with a gelatin slurry containing a cocktail (~7 log CFU/ml) of fluorescent Escherichia coli biotype I...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213343/checking-questionable-entry-of-personally-identifiable-information-encrypted-by-one-way-hash-transformation
#2
Xianlai Chen, Yang C Fann, Matthew McAuliffe, David Vismer, Rong Yang
BACKGROUND: As one of the several effective solutions for personal privacy protection, a global unique identifier (GUID) is linked with hash codes that are generated from combinations of personally identifiable information (PII) by a one-way hash algorithm. On the GUID server, no PII is permitted to be stored, and only GUID and hash codes are allowed. The quality of PII entry is critical to the GUID system. OBJECTIVE: The goal of our study was to explore a method of checking questionable entry of PII in this context without using or sending any portion of PII while registering a subject...
February 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188199/back-to-the-future-revisiting-the-physiological-cost-of-negative-work-as-a-team-based-activity-for-exercise-physiology-students
#3
Matthew A Kilgas, Steven J Elmer
We implemented a team-based activity in our exercise physiology teaching laboratory that was inspired from Abbott et al.'s classic 1952 Journal of Physiology paper titled "The physiological cost of negative work." Abbott et al. connected two bicycles via one chain. One person cycled forward (muscle shortening contractions, positive work) while the other resisted the reverse moving pedals (muscle lengthening contractions, negative work), and the cost of work was compared. This study was the first to link human whole body energetics with isolated muscle force-velocity characteristics...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186630/cascade-convolutional-neural-networks-for-automatic-detection-of-thyroid-nodules-in-ultrasound-images
#4
Jinlian Ma, Fa Wu, Tian'an Jiang, Jiang Zhu, Dexing Kong
PURPOSE: It is very important for calculation of clinical indices and diagnosis to detect thyroid nodules from ultrasound images. However, this task is a challenge mainly due to heterogeneous thyroid nodules with distinct components are similar to background in ultrasound images. In this study, we employ cascade deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to develop and evaluate a fully automatic detection of thyroid nodules from 2D ultrasound images. METHODS: Our cascade CNNs are a type of hybrid model, consisting of two different CNNs and a new splitting method...
February 10, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184045/effect-of-novel-inhaler-technique-reminder-labels-on-the-retention-of-inhaler-technique-skills-in-asthma-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Iman A Basheti, Nathir M Obeidat, Helen K Reddel
: Inhaler technique can be corrected with training, but skills drop off quickly without repeated training. The aim of our study was to explore the effect of novel inhaler technique labels on the retention of correct inhaler technique. In this single-blind randomized parallel-group active-controlled study, clinical pharmacists enrolled asthma patients using controller medication by Accuhaler [Diskus] or Turbuhaler. Inhaler technique was assessed using published checklists (score 0-9). Symptom control was assessed by asthma control test...
December 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177184/associations-between-renaming-schizophrenia-and-stigma-related-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#6
Sosei Yamaguchi, Masashi Mizuno, Yasutaka Ojio, Utako Sawada, Asami Matsunaga, Shuntaro Ando, Shinsuke Koike
Renaming schizophrenia is a potential strategy to reduce the stigma attached to people with schizophrenia. However, the overall associations between renaming schizophrenia and stigma-related outcomes have not been fully elucidated. We conducted a systematic review of studies that empirically examined the outcomes between new or alternative terms and old or existing terms for schizophrenia. We searched for relevant articles in eight bibliographic databases, conducted a Google search, examined reference lists, and contacted relevant experts...
February 8, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143509/a-protective-personal-factor-against-disability-and-dependence-in-the-elderly-an-ordinal-regression-analysis-with-nine-geographically-defined-samples-from-spain
#7
Javier Virues-Ortega, Saturio Vega, Manuel Seijo-Martinez, Pedro Saz, Fernanda Rodriguez, Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Susana Perez de Las Heras, Raimundo Mateos, Pablo Martinez-Martin, Ignacio Mahillo-Fernandez, Josep Garre-Olmo, Jordi Gascon, Francisco Jose Garcia-Garcia, Manuel Fernandez-Martinez, Felix Bermejo-Pareja, Alberto Bergareche, Julian Benito-Leon, Jesus de Pedro-Cuesta
BACKGROUND: Sense of Coherence (SOC) is defined as a tendency to perceive life experiences as comprehensible, manageable and meaningful. The construct is split in three major domains: Comprehensibility, Manageability, and Meaningfulness. SOC has been associated with successful coping strategies in the face of illness and traumatic events and is a predictor of self-reported and objective health in a variety of contexts. In the present study we aim to evaluate the association of SOC with disability and dependence in Spanish elders...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143412/managing-multiple-chronic-conditions-in-the-community-a-canadian-qualitative-study-of-the-experiences-of-older-adults-family-caregivers-and-healthcare-providers
#8
Jenny Ploeg, Nancy Matthew-Maich, Kimberly Fraser, Sinéad Dufour, Carrie McAiney, Sharon Kaasalainen, Maureen Markle-Reid, Ross Upshur, Laura Cleghorn, Anna Emili
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) among older persons is increasing worldwide and is associated with poor health status and high rates of healthcare utilization and costs. Current health and social services are not addressing the complex needs of this group or their family caregivers. A better understanding of the experience of MCC from multiple perspectives is needed to improve the approach to care for this vulnerable group. However, the experience of MCC has not been explored with a broad sample of community-living older adults, family caregivers and healthcare providers...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135251/effective-personalized-therapy-for-breast-cancer-based-on-predictions-of-cell-signaling-pathway-activation-from-gene-expression-analysis
#9
J-R Jhan, E R Andrechek
Current therapeutic outcomes for breast cancer underscore the complexity of treating a heterogeneous disease. Indeed, studies have shown that differences in gene expression among patients with the same subtype of breast cancer are correlated with the response to treatment. This strongly suggests that there is an urgent need to treat breast cancer with a personalized approach. Here we employed cell signaling pathway signatures to predict pathway activity in subtypes of MMTV-Myc mammary tumors. We then split tumors into subsets and developed individualized combinatorial treatments for two subtypes with distinct pathway activation patterns...
January 30, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113422/securing-sift-privacy-preserving-outsourcing-computation-of-feature-extractions-over-encrypted-image-data
#10
Shengshan Hu, Qian Wang, Jingjun Wang, Zhan Qin, Kui Ren
Advances in cloud computing have greatly motivated data owners to outsource their huge amount of personal multimedia data and/or computationally expensive tasks onto the cloud by leveraging its abundant resources for cost saving and flexibility. Despite the tremendous benefits, the outsourced multimedia data and its originated applications may reveal the data owner's private information, such as the personal identity, locations or even financial profiles. This observation has recently aroused new research interest on privacy-preserving computations over outsourced multimedia data...
May 13, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107654/examining-the-link-between-nonmedical-use-of-sedatives-tranquilizers-and-pain-relievers-with-dispositions-toward-impulsivity-among-college-students
#11
Brittany E Blanchard, Angela K Stevens, Andrew K Littlefield, Amelia E Talley, Jennifer L Brown
BACKGROUND: The association between impulsive dispositions and the use of the central nervous system (CNS) depressant alcohol has been examined extensively; however, the links between other depressant use (sedatives, tranquilizers, and pain relievers) and impulsivity have been less studied, and findings have been equivocal. This may be due, in part, to varying operationalizations of "impulsivity," as well as issues related to the lumping versus splitting of various depressant substances when assessing use...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103076/big-food-s-ambivalence-seeking-profit-and-responsibility-for-health
#12
Tjidde Tempels, Marcel Verweij, Vincent Blok
In this article, we critically reflect on the responsibilities that the food industry has for public health. Although food companies are often significant contributors to public health problems (e.g., obesity, type 2 diabetes), the mere possibility of corporate responsibility for public health seems to be excluded in the academic public health discourse. We argue that the behavior of several food companies reflects a split corporate personality, as they contribute to public health problems and simultaneously engage in activities to prevent them...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050324/prevalence-of-split-nerve-fiber-layer-bundles-in-healthy-people-imaged-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#13
Sirel Gür Güngör, Ahmet Akman, Almila Sarıgül Sezenöz, Gülşah Tanrıaşıkı
OBJECTIVES: The presence of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) split bundles was recently described in normal eyes scanned using scanning laser polarimetry and by histologic studies. Split bundles may resemble RNFL loss in healthy eyes. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of nerve fiber layer split bundles in healthy people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We imaged 718 eyes of 359 healthy persons with the spectral domain optical coherence tomography in this cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047608/su-d-brb-05-quantum-learning-for-knowledge-based-response-adaptive-radiotherapy
#14
I El Naqa, R Ten
PURPOSE: There is tremendous excitement in radiotherapy about applying data-driven methods to develop personalized clinical decisions for real-time response-based adaptation. However, classical statistical learning methods lack in terms of efficiency and ability to predict outcomes under conditions of uncertainty and incomplete information. Therefore, we are investigating physics-inspired machine learning approaches by utilizing quantum principles for developing a robust framework to dynamically adapt treatments to individual patient's characteristics and optimize outcomes...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028484/personality-mental-health-and-demographic-correlates-of-hoarding-behaviours-in-a-midlife-sample
#15
Janet K Spittlehouse, Esther Vierck, John F Pearson, Peter R Joyce
We describe the Temperament and Character Inventory personality traits, demographic features, physical and mental health variables associated with hoarding behaviour in a random community sample of midlife participants in New Zealand. A sample of 404 midlife participants was recruited to a study of ageing. To assess hoarding behaviours participants completed the Savings Inventory-Revised (SI-R), personality was assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory and self-reported health was measured by the Short Form-36v2 (SF-36v2)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026106/recovery-concept-in-a-norwegian-setting-to-be-examined-by-the-assertive-community-treatment-model-and-mixed-methods
#16
Ann-Mari Lofthus, Heidi Westerlund, Dagfinn Bjørgen, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Arnhild Lauveng, Diana Rose, Torleif Ruud, Kristin Heiervang
Recovery is a crucial concept in the mental health field. The research of recovery is split into the categories of personal, social and clinical recovery. The purpose of this study was to explore the fragmented concept of recovery in light of assertive community treatment (ACT) in Norway. The study has a mixed methods design with a pragmatic approach. The Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery and open-ended questions posed to 70 participants from 12 ACT teams in Norway, gathered by the "Users interview users" method, are combined with interviews or focus groups with eight of these participants...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004035/reliability-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-version-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-an-iranian-middle-aged-sample
#17
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Fazel Bahrami
The present study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) in an Iranian middle-aged sample. A sample of 55 volunteer Iranian persons took part in the study. Cronbach's alpha of the ASDA was found to be high (0.91) and Spearman-Brown and Guttman Split-Half coefficients were 0.86. The factor analysis of the ASDA items yielded five factors accounting for 72.49% of the total variance and labeled (F1) fear of death and fear of dead people; (F2) fear of postmortem events and fear of tombs; (F3) fear of lethal disease; (F4) preoccupation with after death, and death fear in sleep; and (F5) fear of deprivation of own ones...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002351/associations-between-supportive-leadership-behavior-and-the-costs-of-absenteeism-and-presenteeism-an-epidemiological-and-economic-approach
#18
Johannes Albert Schmid, Marc Nicolas Jarczok, Diana Sonntag, Raphael Manfred Herr, Joachim Ernst Fischer, Burkhard Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates associations between supportive leadership behavior (SLB) and presenteeism/absenteeism, and estimates related costs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from a German industrial sample (n = 17,060) assessing SLB and presenteeism/absenteeism were used. Adjusted interval regressions were performed. The study population was split into tertiles with respect to SLB, and minimum and maximum costs for each tertile were estimated on the basis of national industry averages...
February 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999491/reliability-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-cambridge-depersonalization-scale-cds
#19
Konstantinos Kontoangelos, Sofia Tsiori, Garyfalia Poulakou, Konstantinos Protopapas, Ioannis Katsarolis, Vissaria Sakka, Dimitra Kavatha, Antonios Papadopoulos, Anastasia Antoniadou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou
INTRODUCTION: The Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale is meant to capture the frequency and duration of depersonalisation symptoms over the 'last 6 months'. METHODS: In order to develop a Greek version of CDS scale, the CDS scale was translated in Greek by 2 psychiatrists. Then, the Greek version of CDS scale was back-translated by a person who did not knew the original English version. The back-translated version was reviewed in order to establish whether is consistent with the original English version...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979320/locating-the-seventh-cervical-spinous-process-development-and-validation-of-a-multivariate-model-using-palpation-and-personal-information
#20
Ana Paula A Ferreira, Luciana C Póvoa, José F C Zanier, Arthur S Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a multivariate prediction model, guided by palpation and personal information, for locating the seventh cervical spinous process (C7SP). METHODS: A single-blinded, cross-sectional study at a primary to tertiary health care center was conducted for model development and temporal validation. One-hundred sixty participants were prospectively included for model development (n = 80) and time-split validation stages (n = 80)...
February 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
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