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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327636/the-norwegian-occupational-wholeness-questionnaire-n-owq-scale-development-and-psychometric-properties
#1
Tore Bonsaksen, Farzaneh Yazdani
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapy has long emphasized the concepts doing, being, becoming and belonging, and a notion of balance between them. Measures of these concepts are in a developing stage. AIM: This study aimed to develop and examine the properties of the Norwegian version of the Occupational Wholeness Questionnaire (N-OWQ), which is proposed to measure being, becoming, and belonging, in addition to occupational wholeness as a higher-order concept. METHODS: An anonymous sample of 248 persons over the age of 18 years completed the N-OWQ along with sociodemographic information...
January 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326098/cognitive-and-behavioral-skills-exercises-completed-by-patients-with-major-depression-during-smartphone-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Toshi A Furukawa, Masaru Horikoshi, Hirokazu Fujita, Naohisa Tsujino, Ran Jinnin, Yuki Kako, Sei Ogawa, Hirotoshi Sato, Nobuki Kitagawa, Yoshihiro Shinagawa, Yoshio Ikeda, Hissei Imai, Aran Tajika, Yusuke Ogawa, Tatsuo Akechi, Mitsuhiko Yamada, Shinji Shimodera, Norio Watanabe, Masatoshi Inagaki, Akio Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: A strong and growing body of evidence has demonstrated the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), either face-to-face, in person, or as self-help via the Internet, for depression. However, CBT is a complex intervention consisting of several putatively effective components, and how each component may or may not contribute to the overall effectiveness of CBT is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate how the users of smartphone CBT use and benefit from various components of the program...
January 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320606/splitting-water-by-electrochemistry-and-artificial-photosynthesis-excellent-science-but-a-nightmare-of-translation
#3
REVIEW
Markus Antonietti, Alexandr Savateev
Water splitting to its elements, either by electrochemistry or by solar light, is among the most covered areas in nanostructured functional materials. This personal account article analyzes potential downstream translation problems and reviews alternative chemistries with a potential higher return. Liberation of oxygen for accepting the holes is a kinetically demanding half reaction afflicted with kinetic hindrances and high overpotentials, while at the same time no marketable value is created (atmospheric oxygen is free to use)...
January 10, 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318366/-surgical-innovations-in-treatment-of-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-complexity-of-metastatic-surgery-as-example-for-personalized-medicine
#4
REVIEW
C Hackl, S M Brunner, K M Schmidt, H J Schlitt
BACKGROUND: Extensive, bilobular and multifocal colorectal liver metastases (CLM) or metastases that are critically situated require an experienced surgeon and advanced surgical techniques to enable curative resection. OBJECTIVE: This article describes the toolbox of hepato-oncologic surgery including functional augmentation of liver segments by portal vein embolization/ligation, combinations of ablation and resection, two-stage resections and in situ split liver resection, also known as associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS)...
January 9, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283688/efficacy-of-protein-extracts-from-medium-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-via-microneedles-on-asian-skin
#5
Xi Wang, Xiaohong Shu, Wei Huo, Lin Zou, Li Li
OBJECTIVES: To explore efficacy of protein extracts from medium of Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) via microneedles on Asian skin in a double-blind, split-face, randomized, control study. METHODS: Thirty volunteers received the treatment, left-side and right-side of their face were randomly assigned to test side and control side. The protein extracts from medium of ADSCs were applied via microneedles into the test side and ultrapure water was applied into the control side...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237447/attitudes-to-suicide-following-the-suicide-of-a-friend-or-relative-a-qualitative-study-of-the-views-of-429-young-bereaved-adults-in-the-uk
#6
Alexandra Pitman, Hedvig Nesse, Nicola Morant, Valeriya Azorina, Fiona Stevenson, Michael King, David Osborn
BACKGROUND: People bereaved by suicide are at increased risk of suicide attempt and suicide, but explanations for these associations remain theoretical. It is possible that the experience of suicide bereavement modifies personal attitudes towards suicide, but the nature of these changes remains unexplored. There is a need to understand personal attitudes to suicide following suicide bereavement, as this may inform the development of suicide prevention interventions. Our aim was to explore the attitudes of young adults bereaved by suicide towards their own likelihood of dying by suicide...
December 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236543/rorschach-assessment-of-two-distinctive-personality-states-of-a-person-with-dissociative-identity-disorder
#7
Ellen Hartmann, Kirsten Benum
This case study used test data from a patient with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID; American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ) to illustrate how two main personality states of the patient ("Ann" and "Ben") seemed to function. The Rorschach Performance Assessment System (R-PAS; Meyer, Viglione, Mihura, Erard, & Erdberg, 2011 ) and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems-Circumplex (IIP-64; Horowitz, Alden, Wiggins, & Pincus, 2000 ), administered to Ann and Ben in separate settings, exposed two diverse R-PAS and IIP-64 profiles...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210619/gray-divorce-explaining-midlife-marital-splits
#8
Jocelyn Elise Crowley
Recent research suggests that one out of every four divorces in the United States is now "gray," meaning that at least one half of the couple has reached the age of 50 when the marriage breaks down. To understand why this age group-the Baby Boomer generation-is splitting up, this study conducted 40 in-depth, semistructured interviews with men and 40 with women who have experienced a gray divorce in their lifetimes. Respondents' beliefs in an expressive individualistic model of marriage, where partnerships are only valuable if they help individuals achieve personal growth, were compared against their potential adherence to what I call a commitment-based model of marriage, where binding, romantic love holds couples together unless there is severe relationship strain...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200017/efficacy-of-eight-different-drug-treatments-for-patients-with-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-network-meta-analysis
#9
Fang Yang, Qiang Lin, Lihua Dong, Xiaohui Gao, Su'e Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Frequent trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is commonly seen in older persons and negatively influences a patient's daily life. Although some research on the efficacy of TN drugs has been conducted in the past, the optimal choice still remains uncertain. Therefore, this network meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy and performance of eight drugs with respect to TN. METHODS: All literature was retrieved from the PubMed and Embase electronic databases by jointly searching key terms...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186163/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-assess-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-generic-medicines-among-students-in-greece-the-attitude-towards-generics-attogen-questionnaire
#10
Philip J Domeyer, Vassilis Aletras, Fotios Anagnostopoulos, Vasiliki Katsari, Dimitris Niakas
INTRODUCTION: The use of generic medicines is a cost-effective policy, often dictated by fiscal restraints. To our knowledge, no fully validated tool exploring the students' knowledge and attitudes towards generic medicines exists. The aim of our study was to develop and validate a questionnaire exploring the knowledge and attitudes of M.Sc. in Health Care Management students and recent alumni's towards generic drugs in Greece. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The development of the questionnaire was a result of literature review and pilot-testing of its preliminary versions to researchers and students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170764/mortality-trajectories-at-exceptionally-high-ages-a-study-of-supercentenarians
#11
Natalia S Gavrilova, Leonid A Gavrilov, Vyacheslav N Krut'ko
The growing number of persons surviving to age 100 years and beyond raises questions about the shape of mortality trajectories at exceptionally high ages, and this problem may become significant for actuaries in the near future. However, such studies are scarce because of the difficulties in obtaining reliable age estimates at exceptionally high ages. The current view about mortality beyond age 110 years suggests that death rates do not grow with age and are virtually flat. The same assumption is made in the new actuarial VBT tables...
January 2017: Living to 100 Monograph
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150862/randomised-crossover-trial-showed-that-using-breast-milk-or-sucrose-provided-the-same-analgesic-effect-in-preterm-infants-of-at-least-28-weeks
#12
L Collados-Gómez, P Ferrera-Camacho, E Fernandez-Serrano, V Camacho-Vicente, C Flores-Herrero, A M García-Pozo, R Jiménez-García
AIM: Repeated, on-going exposure to pain influences the growth, cognitive and motor functions, behaviour, personality and neurodevelopment of preterm infants. We compared the analgesic effects of expressed breast milk and 24% oral sucrose on preterm neonates during venipuncture. METHODS: This multicentre randomised, non-inferiority, cross-over trial focused on five neonatal university units in Madrid, Spain, from October 2013 to October 2014. It comprised 66 preterm infants born at less than 37 weeks and randomly split into two groups...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116654/cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-and-critical-limb-ischaemia
#13
S T W van Haelst, C Koopman, H M den Ruijter, F L Moll, F L Visseren, I Vaartjes, G J de Borst
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate absolute mortality risks and to determine whether changes in mortality risk occurred in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) or critical limb ischaemia (CLI) in the Netherlands between 1998 and 2010. METHODS: Data for patients treated between 1998 and 2010 were obtained from Dutch nationwide registers: the Hospital Discharge Register, Population Register and Cause of Death Register. The registers were used to obtain information regarding IC and CLI hospitalizations, co-morbidities, demographic factors, and date and cause of death...
November 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101446/analyzing-the-presentation-and-the-stigma-of-schizophrenia-in-french-newspapers
#14
Dimitrios Lampropoulos, Angelika Wolman, Thémis Apostolidis
PURPOSE: It has been suggested that the stigmatizing presentation of people with schizophrenia by newspapers is an example of structural stigma. In this study, we explore how French newspapers contribute to the stigma of people with schizophrenia. METHODS: All the articles of eight major newspapers (four national and four regional) that include the term schizophr* and that were published in 2015 were therefore analyzed using a coding scheme that we developed inductively...
November 3, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093143/observed-altruism-in-dental-students-an-experiment-using-the-ultimatum-game
#15
Parker A S Crutchfield, Justin S Jarvis, Terry L Olson, Matthew S Wilson
The conventional wisdom in dental and medical education is that dental and medical students experience "ethical erosion" over the duration of dental and medical school. There is some evidence for this claim, but in the case of dental education the evidence consists entirely of survey research, which does not measure behavior. The aim of this study was to measure the altruistic behavior of dental students in order to fill the significant gap in knowledge of how students are disposed to behave, rather than how they are disposed to think...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078093/comparison-of-variable-selection-methods-for-high-dimensional-survival-data-with-competing-events
#16
Julia Gilhodes, Christophe Zemmour, Soufiane Ajana, Alejandra Martinez, Jean-Pierre Delord, Eve Leconte, Jean-Marie Boher, Thomas Filleron
BACKGROUND: In the era of personalized medicine, it's primordial to identify gene signatures for each event type in the context of competing risks in order to improve risk stratification and treatment strategy. Until recently, little attention was paid to the performance of high-dimensional selection in deriving molecular signatures in this context. In this paper, we investigate the performance of two selection methods developed in the framework of high-dimensional data and competing risks: Random survival forest and a boosting approach for fitting proportional subdistribution hazards models...
October 20, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049845/impact-of-the-initial-fitness-level-on-the-effects-of-a-structured-exercise-therapy-during-pediatric-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Susanne Wallek, Anna Senn-Malashonak, Lutz Vogt, Katharina Schmidt, Peter Bader, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048993/personalized-risk-prediction-in-clinical-oncology-research-applications-and-practical-issues-using-survival-trees-and-random-forests
#18
Chen Hu, Jon Arni Steingrimsson
A crucial component of making individualized treatment decisions is to accurately predict each patient's disease risk. In clinical oncology, disease risks are often measured through time-to-event data, such as overall survival and progression/recurrence-free survival, and are often subject to censoring. Risk prediction models based on recursive partitioning methods are becoming increasingly popular largely due to their ability to handle nonlinear relationships, higher-order interactions, and/or high-dimensional covariates...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044842/changing-perspectives-on-the-strategic-use-of-microwave-heating-in-organic-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Gregory B Dudley, A E Stiegman
This Personal Account describes collaborative investigations into apocryphal microwave effects in organic chemistry. Focused research on microwave-assisted organic synthesis has been fraught with confusion, controversy, and misinformation. Microwave heating is an undoubtedly useful tactic for organic synthesis, but whether or not it can offer strategic advantages remains an open question in the minds of many people. (Ironically, those who do not consider it an open question are split as to whether it has been resolved affirmatively or negatively...
October 18, 2017: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033886/complex-problem-solving-in-teams-the-impact-of-collective-orientation-on-team-process-demands
#20
Vera Hagemann, Annette Kluge
Complex problem solving is challenging and a high-level cognitive process for individuals. When analyzing complex problem solving in teams, an additional, new dimension has to be considered, as teamwork processes increase the requirements already put on individual team members. After introducing an idealized teamwork process model, that complex problem solving teams pass through, and integrating the relevant teamwork skills for interdependently working teams into the model and combining it with the four kinds of team processes (transition, action, interpersonal, and learning processes), the paper demonstrates the importance of fulfilling team process demands for successful complex problem solving within teams...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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