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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917602/comparing-inpatient-versus-outpatient-bowel-preparation-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-appendicovesicostomy
#1
David L Weatherly, Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin M Whittam, William E Bennett, Shelly King, Rosalia Misseri, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Mark P Cain
PURPOSE: The need for mechanical inpatient bowel preparation (IBP) in reconstructive pediatric urology has come under scrutiny, secondary to literature demonstrating little benefit regarding outcomes. Starting in 2013, a majority of patients undergoing reconstructive procedures at our institution no longer underwent IBP. We hypothesized that outpatient bowel preparation (OBP) would reduce length of stay (LOS) without increasing postoperative complications after appendicovesicostomy surgery...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899193/maternal-self-critical-and-dependent-personality-styles-and-mother-infant-communication
#2
Beatrice Beebe, Frank Lachmann
This study investigated mother-infant communication in relation to Blatt's measures of adult personality organization, namely, interpersonal relatedness and self-definition, defining the higher ends of these two measures as dependency and self-criticism, respectively. A nonclinical sample of 126 mother-infant dyads provided the data. An evaluation of maternal self-criticism and dependency was made six weeks postpartum; four months postpartum, mother-infant self- and interactive contingencies during face-to-face play were studied and analyzed in conjunction with the earlier evaluation...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867935/the-history-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-as-a-diagnostic-category
#3
Marc-Antoine Crocq
From the 19th century into the 20th century, the terms used to diagnose generalized anxiety included "pantophobia" and "anxiety neurosis." Such terms designated paroxysmal manifestations (panic attacks) as well as interparoxysmal phenomenology (the apprehensive mental state). Also, generalized anxiety was considered one of numerous symptoms of neurasthenia, a vaguely defined illness. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) appeared as a diagnostic category in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980, when anxiety neurosis was split into GAD and panic disorder...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860843/psychometric-properties-revised-reinforcement-sensitivity-theory-r-rst-scale-in-chronic-pain-patients
#4
Sohrab Amiri, Sepideh Behnezhad, Esfandiar Azad-Marzabadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Reinforcement Sensitivity Questionnaire (RSQ) in patients with chronic pain. METHODS: For this purpose, 312 (first study) and 70 (second study) patients with chronic pain were selected, and the Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory Personality Questionnaire (RST-PQ) and Pain Beliefs and Perceptions Inventory (PBPI) were distributed among them for their response. The reliability of the questionnaire was evaluated by Cronbach's alpha, retest, and split-half coefficient; then, the criterion validity with other questionnaires was evaluated to determine the psychometric properties of the RSQ...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842994/safety-and-immunogenicity-of-the-novel-seasonal-preservative-and-adjuvant-free-influenza-vaccine-blind-randomized-and-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Gulbanu Sarsenbayeva, Yevgeniy Volgin, Markhabat Kassenov, Timur Issagulov, Nikolay Bogdanov, Abylay Sansyzbay, Ruslan Abitay, Ainur Nurpeisova, Altynay Sagymbay, Zhumagali Koshemetov, Marina Stukova, Zhanna Buzitskaya, Ilyas Кulmagambetov, Dinara Karabayeva, Timur Davlyatshin, Berik Khairullin
The producers of influenza vaccines are not capable today to meet the global demand for an influenza vaccine in case of pandemic, so the World Health Organization recommends to develop the own influenza vaccine production in each country. A domestic preservative- and adjuvant-free trivalent split vaccine against seasonal influenza was developed at the Research Institute for Biological Safety Problems. The paper presents the results of assessing safety and immunogenicity of the influenza split vaccine after single immunization of healthy volunteers aged 18-50 years in the course of Phase I Clinical Trials...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835746/effect-of-cognitive-demand-on-functional-mobility-in-ambulatory-individuals-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Marcia Aparecida Ciol, Patricia Noritake Matsuda, Seema Rani Khurana, Melissa Jaclyn Cline, Jacob Jonathan Sosnoff, George Howard Kraft
BACKGROUND: As disease progresses, cognitive demands may affect functional mobility in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test assesses functional mobilityin populationssuch as MS. A cognitive-demanding task can be added to the TUG test to assess its effect on functional mobility. METHODS: People with MS (n = 52) and controls (n = 57) performed three versions of the TUG test: TUG alone (TUG-alone), TUG plus reciting the alphabet (TUG-alpha), and TUG plus subtracting numbers by 3s (TUG-3s)...
July 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834805/using-gamification-to-improve-productivity-and-increase-knowledge-retention-during-orientation
#7
Stacey Brull, Susan Finlayson, Teresa Kostelec, Ryan MacDonald, Dina Krenzischeck
BACKGROUND: Nursing administrators must provide cost-effective and efficient ways of orientation training. Traditional methods including classroom lecture can be costly with low retention of the information. Gamification engages the user, provides a level of enjoyment, and uses critical thinking skills. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness, during orientation, of 3 different teaching methods: didactic, online modules, and gamification. Specifically, is there a difference in nurses' clinical knowledge postorientation using these learning approaches? METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design with a 115-person convenience sample split nurses into 3 groups for evaluation of clinical knowledge before and after orientation...
September 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815129/sdt-a-tree-method-for-detecting-patient-subgroups-with-personalized-risk-factors
#8
Xiangrui Li, Dongxiao Zhu, Ming Dong, Milad Zafar Nezhad, Alexander Janke, Phillip D Levy
Eradicating health disparity is a new focus for precision medicine research. Identifying patient subgroups is an effective approach to customized treatments for maximizing efficiency in precision medicine. Some features may be important risk factors for specific patient subgroups but not necessarily for others, resulting in a potential divergence in treatments designed for a given population. In this paper, we propose a tree-based method, called Subgroup Detection Tree (SDT), to detect patient subgroups with personalized risk factors...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813187/twelve-steps-two-factors-coping-strategies-moderate-the-association-between-craving-and-daily-12-step-use-in-a-college-recovery-community
#9
Richard P Wiebe, Amanda M Griffin, Yao Zheng, Kitty S Harris, H Harrington Cleveland
BACKGROUND: Affiliating with 12-step groups appears to reduce relapse risk. By relying on between-person designs, extant research has been unable to examine daily mechanisms through which 12-step group affiliation contributes to recovery. OBJECTIVES: To examine the daily use and factor structure of the 12 steps and intrapersonal predictors and moderators of 12-step use. To determine whether the 12 steps were used in response to daily craving and, if so, which steps and in what contexts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783574/go-no-go-task-performance-predicts-differences-in-compulsivity-but-not-in-impulsivity-personality-traits
#10
Ana Sánchez-Kuhn, José Juan León, Karinna Gôngora, Cristian Pérez-Fernández, Fernando Sánchez-Santed, Margarita Moreno, Pilar Flores
Lack of inhibitory control is present in impulsive and compulsive personality traits. The Go/No-Go task is one of the most effective means to assess response inhibition measured by the ability to appropriately withhold responding to No-Go stimuli. The aim of this work was to study whether differences in performance of Go/No-Go task predicts differences in personality traits related to inhibitory control. For this purpose 63 healthy participants divided into two groups based on the median split of false alarms on the Go/No-Go task completed Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and the Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Questionnaire (MOCI)...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776654/the-latency-complex-the-dead-hand-of-anti-development
#11
Barry D Proner
It is common knowledge that the same phenomena can be viewed in a variety of ways. This paper considers the implications of a constellation observed in some adult patients who have increasingly reminded the author of some of the children of latency age with whom he has also worked. In the literature these patients may also have been thought about in terms of 'defences of the self' (Fordham), patients who are 'difficult to reach' (Joseph), 'psychic retreats' (Steiner), and those who make 'attacks on linking' (Bion)...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776652/trauma-innocence-and-the-core-complex-of-dissociation
#12
Donald E Kalsched
Trauma survivors often lament that they have lost their innocence or lost their souls and that something vulnerable and whole about themselves has been 'broken' or annihilated. Yet when the psychotherapeutic relationship begins, and symbolic material from dreams and the transference emerges, discernible patterns become apparent, indicating that a core of innocence and vitality has not been totally lost or annihilated. On the contrary, it has been 'saved' by dissociation and its system of inner objects and their protective and/or persecutory narrative 'scripts' or 'schemas'...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761646/psychometric-validation-of-the-hypoglycemia-fear-survey-ii-hfs-ii-in-singapore
#13
Amanda Yun Rui Lam, Xiaohui Xin, Wee Boon Tan, Daphne Su-Lyn Gardner, Su-Yen Goh
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cross-sectional study to adapt and validate the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey-II (HFS-II) for use in Singapore among persons with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 144 patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes on insulin therapy for at least a year completed the HFS-II between September and December 2013 in the Diabetes Center at Singapore General Hospital. We examined the validity (content, concurrent and discriminant validity, and construct validity) and reliability (internal consistency and test-retest reliability) of the instrument...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759966/trajectories-of-multidimensional-caregiver-burden-in-chinese-informal-caregivers-for-dementia-evidence-from-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-zarit-burden-interview
#14
Dan Li, Nan Hu, Yueyi Yu, Aihong Zhou, Fangyu Li, Jianping Jia
BACKGROUND: Despite its popularity, the latent structure of 22-item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) remains unclear. There has been no study exploring how caregiver multidimensional burden changed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the work was to validate the latent structure of ZBI and to investigate how multidimensional burden evolves with increasing global burden. METHODS: We studied 1,132 dyads of dementia patients and their informal caregivers. The caregivers completed the ZBI and a questionnaire regarding caregiving...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751659/ferenczi-s-revolutionary-therapeutic-approach
#15
Clara Mucci
Many of the revolutionary principles introduced by Ferenczi in his clinical practice have now been widely accepted especially in the field of trauma and trauma therapy. Examples of these innovative views include his emphasis on empathy as opposed to technical neutrality and his stress on the real conditions of child caring and family environmental deficits and on the consequences of interpersonal violence and abuse that lead to "identification with the aggressor" by the victim thereby resulting in the internalization of both aggressiveness and guilt (the split guilt of the abuser)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749526/adaptation-to-the-spanish-population-of-the-substance-use-risk-profile-scale-surps-and-psychometric-properties
#16
Fermín Fernández-Calderón, Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Antonio J Rojas-Tejada, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Óscar M Lozano-Rojas
The identification of different personality risk profiles for substance misuse is useful in preventing substance-related problems. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of a new version of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) for Spanish college students. Cross-sectional study with 455 undergraduate students from four Spanish universities. A new version of the SURPS, adapted to the Spanish population, was administered with the Beck Hopelessness Scale, the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747710/a-high-content-image-analysis-approach-for-quantitative-measurements-of-chemosensitivity-in-patient-derived-tumor-microtissues
#17
Ilmari Ahonen, Malin Åkerfelt, Mervi Toriseva, Eva Oswald, Julia Schüler, Matthias Nees
Organotypic, three-dimensional (3D) cancer models have enabled investigations of complex microtissues in increasingly realistic conditions. However, a drawback of these advanced models remains the poor biological relevance of cancer cell lines, while higher clinical significance would be obtainable with patient-derived cell cultures. Here, we describe the generation and data analysis of 3D microtissue models from patient-derived xenografts (PDX) of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Standard of care anti-cancer drugs were applied and the altered multicellular morphologies were captured by confocal microscopy, followed by automated image analyses to quantitatively measure phenotypic features for high-content chemosensitivity tests...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742277/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-real-time-knee-adduction-moment-feedback-on-the-peak-and-cumulative-knee-load-during-walking
#18
Brennan Jackson, Keith E Gordon, Alison H Chang
The peak external knee adduction moment (pKAM), KAM impulse, and peak knee flexion moment (pKFM) during gait are important loading variables in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. We evaluated the effects of gait modification, using real-time pKAM visual feedback, on pKAM, KAM impulse, and pKFM; and whether participants could maintain the KAM-reducing gait after feedback removal. Eleven healthy individuals performed a series of walking trials on a split-belt instrumented treadmill under four conditions of Baseline, Feedback, No Feedback Early, and No Feedback Late...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707501/investigating-the-reliability-and-factor-structure-of-kalichman-s-survey-2-research-misconduct-questionnaire-a-post-hoc-analysis-among-biomedical-doctoral-students-in-scandinavia
#19
Søren Holm, Bjørn Hofmann
A precondition for reducing scientific misconduct is evidence about scientists' attitudes. We need reliable survey instruments, and this study investigates the reliability of Kalichman's "Survey 2: research misconduct" questionnaire. The study is a post hoc analysis of data from three surveys among biomedical doctoral students in Scandinavia (2010-2015). We perform reliability analysis, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis using a split-sample design as a partial validation. The results indicate that a reliable 13-item scale can be formed (Cronbach's α = ...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704467/locomotor-adaptability-in-persons-with-unilateral-transtibial-amputation
#20
Benjamin J Darter, Amy J Bastian, Erik J Wolf, Elizabeth M Husson, Bethany A Labrecque, Brad D Hendershot
BACKGROUND: Locomotor adaptation enables walkers to modify strategies when faced with challenging walking conditions. While a variety of neurological injuries can impair locomotor adaptability, the effect of a lower extremity amputation on adaptability is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Determine if locomotor adaptability is impaired in persons with unilateral transtibial amputation (TTA). METHODS: The locomotor adaptability of 10 persons with a TTA and 8 persons without an amputation was tested while walking on a split-belt treadmill with the parallel belts running at the same (tied) or different (split) speeds...
2017: PloS One
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