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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103076/big-food-s-ambivalence-seeking-profit-and-responsibility-for-health
#1
Tjidde Tempels, Marcel Verweij, Vincent Blok
In this article, we critically reflect on the responsibilities that the food industry has for public health. Although food companies are often significant contributors to public health problems (e.g., obesity, type 2 diabetes), the mere possibility of corporate responsibility for public health seems to be excluded in the academic public health discourse. We argue that the behavior of several food companies reflects a split corporate personality, as they contribute to public health problems and simultaneously engage in activities to prevent them...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050324/prevalence-of-split-nerve-fiber-layer-bundles-in-healthy-people-imaged-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
Sirel Gür Güngör, Ahmet Akman, Almila Sarıgül Sezenöz, Gülşah Tanrıaşıkı
OBJECTIVES: The presence of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) split bundles was recently described in normal eyes scanned using scanning laser polarimetry and by histologic studies. Split bundles may resemble RNFL loss in healthy eyes. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of nerve fiber layer split bundles in healthy people. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We imaged 718 eyes of 359 healthy persons with the spectral domain optical coherence tomography in this cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047608/su-d-brb-05-quantum-learning-for-knowledge-based-response-adaptive-radiotherapy
#3
I El Naqa, R Ten
PURPOSE: There is tremendous excitement in radiotherapy about applying data-driven methods to develop personalized clinical decisions for real-time response-based adaptation. However, classical statistical learning methods lack in terms of efficiency and ability to predict outcomes under conditions of uncertainty and incomplete information. Therefore, we are investigating physics-inspired machine learning approaches by utilizing quantum principles for developing a robust framework to dynamically adapt treatments to individual patient's characteristics and optimize outcomes...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028484/personality-mental-health-and-demographic-correlates-of-hoarding-behaviours-in-a-midlife-sample
#4
Janet K Spittlehouse, Esther Vierck, John F Pearson, Peter R Joyce
We describe the Temperament and Character Inventory personality traits, demographic features, physical and mental health variables associated with hoarding behaviour in a random community sample of midlife participants in New Zealand. A sample of 404 midlife participants was recruited to a study of ageing. To assess hoarding behaviours participants completed the Savings Inventory-Revised (SI-R), personality was assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory and self-reported health was measured by the Short Form-36v2 (SF-36v2)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026106/recovery-concept-in-a-norwegian-setting-to-be-examined-by-the-assertive-community-treatment-model-and-mixed-methods
#5
Ann-Mari Lofthus, Heidi Westerlund, Dagfinn Bjørgen, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Arnhild Lauveng, Diana Rose, Torleif Ruud, Kristin Heiervang
Recovery is a crucial concept in the mental health field. The research of recovery is split into the categories of personal, social and clinical recovery. The purpose of this study was to explore the fragmented concept of recovery in light of assertive community treatment (ACT) in Norway. The study has a mixed methods design with a pragmatic approach. The Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery and open-ended questions posed to 70 participants from 12 ACT teams in Norway, gathered by the "Users interview users" method, are combined with interviews or focus groups with eight of these participants...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004035/reliability-and-factorial-structure-of-the-farsi-version-of-the-arabic-scale-of-death-anxiety-in-an-iranian-middle-aged-sample
#6
Mahboubeh Dadfar, Fazel Bahrami
The present study aimed to explore the psychometric properties of the Arabic Scale of Death Anxiety (ASDA) in an Iranian middle-aged sample. A sample of 55 volunteer Iranian persons took part in the study. Cronbach's alpha of the ASDA was found to be high (0.91) and Spearman-Brown and Guttman Split-Half coefficients were 0.86. The factor analysis of the ASDA items yielded five factors accounting for 72.49% of the total variance and labeled (F1) fear of death and fear of dead people; (F2) fear of postmortem events and fear of tombs; (F3) fear of lethal disease; (F4) preoccupation with after death, and death fear in sleep; and (F5) fear of deprivation of own ones...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002351/associations-between-supportive-leadership-behavior-and-the-costs-of-absenteeism-and-presenteeism-an-epidemiological-and-economic-approach
#7
Johannes Albert Schmid, Marc Nicolas Jarczok, Diana Sonntag, Raphael Manfred Herr, Joachim Ernst Fischer, Burkhard Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates associations between supportive leadership behavior (SLB) and presenteeism/absenteeism, and estimates related costs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from a German industrial sample (n = 17,060) assessing SLB and presenteeism/absenteeism were used. Adjusted interval regressions were performed. The study population was split into tertiles with respect to SLB, and minimum and maximum costs for each tertile were estimated on the basis of national industry averages...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999491/reliability-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-cambridge-depersonalization-scale-cds
#8
Konstantinos Kontoangelos, Sofia Tsiori, Garyfalia Poulakou, Konstantinos Protopapas, Ioannis Katsarolis, Vissaria Sakka, Dimitra Kavatha, Antonios Papadopoulos, Anastasia Antoniadou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou
INTRODUCTION: The Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale is meant to capture the frequency and duration of depersonalisation symptoms over the 'last 6 months'. METHODS: In order to develop a Greek version of CDS scale, the CDS scale was translated in Greek by 2 psychiatrists. Then, the Greek version of CDS scale was back-translated by a person who did not knew the original English version. The back-translated version was reviewed in order to establish whether is consistent with the original English version...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979320/locating-the-seventh-cervical-spinous-process-development-and-validation-of-a-multivariate-model-using-palpation-and-personal-information
#9
Ana Paula A Ferreira, Luciana C Póvoa, José F C Zanier, Arthur S Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and validate a multivariate prediction model, guided by palpation and personal information, for locating the seventh cervical spinous process (C7SP). METHODS: A single-blinded, cross-sectional study at a primary to tertiary health care center was conducted for model development and temporal validation. One-hundred sixty participants were prospectively included for model development (n = 80) and time-split validation stages (n = 80)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940288/binarized-cross-approximate-entropy-in-crowdsensing-environment
#10
Tamara Skoric, Omer Mohamoud, Branislav Milovanovic, Nina Japundzic-Zigon, Dragana Bajic
OBJECTIVES: Personalised monitoring in health applications has been recognised as part of the mobile crowdsensing concept, where subjects equipped with sensors extract information and share them for personal or common benefit. Limited transmission resources impose the use of local analyses methodology, but this approach is incompatible with analytical tools that require stationary and artefact-free data. This paper proposes a computationally efficient binarised cross-approximate entropy, referred to as (X)BinEn, for unsupervised cardiovascular signal processing in environments where energy and processor resources are limited...
December 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935062/what-explains-high-life-satisfaction-in-men-living-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-a-preliminary-study-to-inform-psychological-intervention
#11
Christopher D Graham, Michael R Rose
INTRODUCTION: There are increasing numbers of men with DMD (mDMD). For those struggling to live with the condition, psychological interventions may be helpful. However, it is unclear how these should be tailored for mDMD. To inform intervention, this study assessed whether 2 well-validated psychological models (Leventhal Self-Regulatory Model; Psychological Flexibility Model) could explain variation in life satisfaction (LS). METHODS: Sixteen mDMD, aged 18-43, completed an online survey comprised of questionnaire measures of LS, mood, and both psychological models: Illness Perceptions (Leventhal Self-Regulatory Model); engagement in meaningful activity, and acceptance/awareness of difficult thoughts and feelings (Psychological Flexibility Model)...
December 9, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919303/mental-illness-stigma-and-suicidality-the-role-of-public-and-individual-stigma
#12
N Oexle, T Waldmann, T Staiger, Z Xu, N Rüsch
AIMS: Suicide rates are increased among unemployed individuals and mental illness stigma can contribute to both unemployment and suicidality. Persons with mental illness perceive negative attitudes among the general public and experience discrimination in their everyday life (=public stigma components) potentially leading to self-stigma and anticipated discrimination (=individual stigma components). Previous research found evidence for an association between aspects of mental illness stigma and suicidality, but has not yet clarified the underlying pathways explaining how different stigma components interact and contribute to suicidal ideation...
December 6, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893898/association-between-pandemic-influenza-a-h1n1-vaccination-in-pregnancy-and-early-childhood-morbidity-in-offspring
#13
Anders Hviid, Henrik Svanström, Ditte Mølgaard-Nielsen, Philipp Lambach
Importance: Several studies investigating potential adverse effects of the pandemic A(H1N1) vaccine have supported that influenza A(H1N1) vaccination does not increase the risk for major pregnancy and birth adverse outcomes, but little is known about possible adverse effects in offspring of A(H1N1)-vaccinated mothers beyond the perinatal period and into early childhood. Objective: To evaluate whether pandemic influenza A(H1N1) vaccination in pregnancy increases the risk for early childhood morbidity in offspring...
November 28, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883119/gtcbio-s-precision-medicine-conference-july-7-8-2016-boston-massachusetts-usa
#14
P Cole
GTCBio's Precision Medicine Conference met this year to outline the many steps forward that precision medicine and individualized genomics has made and the challenges it still faces in technological, modeling, and standards development, interoperability and compatibility advancements, and methods of economic and societal adoption. The conference was split into four sections, 'Overcoming Challenges in the Commercialization of Precision Medicine', 'Implementation of Precision Medicine: Strategies & Technologies', 'Integrating & Interpreting Personal Genomics, Big Data, & Bioinformatics' and 'Incentivizing Precision Medicine: Regulation & Reimbursement', with this report focusing on the final two subjects...
September 2016: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807181/the-effects-of-positive-and-negative-feedback-on-maximal-voluntary-contraction-level-of-the-biceps-brachii-muscle-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-conscientiousness
#15
Murat Sarıkabak, Çetin Yaman, Serdar Tok, Erdal Binboga
We investigated the effect of positive and negative feedback on maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the biceps brachii muscle and explored the mediating effects of gender and conscientiousness. During elbow flexion, MVCs were measured in positive, negative, and no-feedback conditions. Participants were divided into high- and low-conscientiousness groups based on the median split of their scores on Tatar's five-factor personality inventory. Considering all participants 46 college student athletes (21 female, 28 male), positive feedback led to a greater MVC percentage change (-5...
November 2, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790108/amygdala-fmri-signal-as-a-predictor-of-reaction-time
#16
Philipp Riedel, Mark J Jacob, Dirk K Müller, Nora C Vetter, Michael N Smolka, Michael Marxen
Reaction times (RTs) are a valuable measure for assessing cognitive processes. However, RTs are susceptible to confounds and therefore variable. Exposure to threat, for example, speeds up or slows down responses. Distinct task types to some extent account for differential effects of threat on RTs. But also do inter-individual differences like trait anxiety. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we investigated whether activation within the amygdala, a brain region closely linked to the processing of threat, may also function as a predictor of RTs, similar to trait anxiety scores...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779626/snp-based-heritability-estimates-of-the-personality-dimensions-and-polygenic-prediction-of-both-neuroticism-and-major-depression-findings-from-converge
#17
A R Docherty, A Moscati, R Peterson, A C Edwards, D E Adkins, S A Bacanu, T B Bigdeli, B T Webb, J Flint, K S Kendler
Biometrical genetic studies suggest that the personality dimensions, including neuroticism, are moderately heritable (~0.4 to 0.6). Quantitative analyses that aggregate the effects of many common variants have recently further informed genetic research on European samples. However, there has been limited research to date on non-European populations. This study examined the personality dimensions in a large sample of Han Chinese descent (N=10 064) from the China, Oxford, and VCU Experimental Research on Genetic Epidemiology study, aimed at identifying genetic risk factors for recurrent major depression among a rigorously ascertained cohort...
October 25, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761978/validation-of-the-prognostic-value-of-mmp-7-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#18
Argyris Tzouvelekis, Jose D Herazo-Maya, Martin Slade, Jen-Hwa Chu, Giuseppe Deiuliis, Changwan Ryu, Qin Li, Koji Sakamoto, Gabriel Ibarra, Hongyi Pan, Mridu Gulati, Danielle Antin-Ozerkis, Erica L Herzog, Naftali Kaminski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease with poor prognosis and variable clinical course. Although matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) is emerging as an important IPF biomarker, reproducibility across studies is unclear. We aimed to determine whether a previously reported prognostic threshold for MMP-7 was predictive of mortality in an independent cohort of IPF patients. METHODS: MMP-7 concentrations obtained from heparinized plasma samples were determined by ELISA in 97 patients with IPF and 41 healthy controls...
October 19, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748505/withdrawn-dental-fillings-for-the-treatment-of-caries-in-the-primary-dentition
#19
REVIEW
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725794/e-cigarette-use-in-adults-a-qualitative-study-of-users-perceptions-and-future-use-intentions
#20
Vani Nath Simmons, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Paul T Harrell, Lauren R Meltzer, John B Correa, Marina Unrod, Thomas H Brandon
BACKGROUND: There has been an exponential increase in the prevalence of e-cigarette use, particularly among youth. However, adult use is also rising, and there have been relatively few qualitative studies with adult users to understand their reasons for use and future use intentions. Such information is needed to inform both prevention and cessation approaches. METHOD: Thirty-one e-cigarette users participated in one of several focus groups assessing the appeal of e-cigarettes as well as comparisons to combustible cigarettes and approved smoking cessation aids...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
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