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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783574/go-no-go-task-performance-predicts-differences-in-compulsivity-but-not-in-impulsivity-personality-traits
#1
Ana Sánchez-Kuhn, José Juan León, Karinna Gôngora, Cristian Pérez-Fernández, Fernando Sánchez-Santed, Margarita Moreno, Pilar Flores
Lack of inhibitory control is present in impulsive and compulsive personality traits. The Go/No-Go task is one of the most effective means to assess response inhibition measured by the ability to appropriately withhold responding to No-Go stimuli. The aim of this work was to study whether differences in performance of Go/No-Go task predicts differences in personality traits related to inhibitory control. For this purpose 63 healthy participants divided into two groups based on the median split of false alarms on the Go/No-Go task completed Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) and the Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Questionnaire (MOCI)...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776654/the-latency-complex-the-dead-hand-of-anti-development
#2
Barry D Proner
It is common knowledge that the same phenomena can be viewed in a variety of ways. This paper considers the implications of a constellation observed in some adult patients who have increasingly reminded the author of some of the children of latency age with whom he has also worked. In the literature these patients may also have been thought about in terms of 'defences of the self' (Fordham), patients who are 'difficult to reach' (Joseph), 'psychic retreats' (Steiner), and those who make 'attacks on linking' (Bion)...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776652/trauma-innocence-and-the-core-complex-of-dissociation
#3
Donald E Kalsched
Trauma survivors often lament that they have lost their innocence or lost their souls and that something vulnerable and whole about themselves has been 'broken' or annihilated. Yet when the psychotherapeutic relationship begins, and symbolic material from dreams and the transference emerges, discernible patterns become apparent, indicating that a core of innocence and vitality has not been totally lost or annihilated. On the contrary, it has been 'saved' by dissociation and its system of inner objects and their protective and/or persecutory narrative 'scripts' or 'schemas'...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761646/psychometric-validation-of-the-hypoglycemia-fear-survey-ii-hfs-ii-in-singapore
#4
Amanda Yun Rui Lam, Xiaohui Xin, Wee Boon Tan, Daphne Su-Lyn Gardner, Su-Yen Goh
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cross-sectional study to adapt and validate the Hypoglycemia Fear Survey-II (HFS-II) for use in Singapore among persons with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 144 patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes on insulin therapy for at least a year completed the HFS-II between September and December 2013 in the Diabetes Center at Singapore General Hospital. We examined the validity (content, concurrent and discriminant validity, and construct validity) and reliability (internal consistency and test-retest reliability) of the instrument...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759966/trajectories-of-multidimensional-caregiver-burden-in-chinese-informal-caregivers-for-dementia-evidence-from-exploratory-and-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-zarit-burden-interview
#5
Dan Li, Nan Hu, Yueyi Yu, Aihong Zhou, Fangyu Li, Jianping Jia
BACKGROUND: Despite its popularity, the latent structure of 22-item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) remains unclear. There has been no study exploring how caregiver multidimensional burden changed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the work was to validate the latent structure of ZBI and to investigate how multidimensional burden evolves with increasing global burden. METHODS: We studied 1,132 dyads of dementia patients with informal caregivers. The caregivers completed the ZBI and a questionnaire regarding caregiving...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751659/ferenczi-s-revolutionary-therapeutic-approach
#6
Clara Mucci
Many of the revolutionary principles introduced by Ferenczi in his clinical practice have now been widely accepted especially in the field of trauma and trauma therapy. Examples of these innovative views include his emphasis on empathy as opposed to technical neutrality and his stress on the real conditions of child caring and family environmental deficits and on the consequences of interpersonal violence and abuse that lead to "identification with the aggressor" by the victim thereby resulting in the internalization of both aggressiveness and guilt (the split guilt of the abuser)...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749526/adaptation-to-the-spanish-population-of-the-substance-use-risk-profile-scale-surps-and-psychometric-properties
#7
Fermín Fernández-Calderón, Carmen Díaz-Batanero, Antonio J Rojas-Tejada, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Óscar M Lozano-Rojas
The identification of different personality risk profiles for substance misuse is useful in preventing substance-related problems. This study aims to test the psychometric properties of a new version of the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS) for Spanish college students. Cross-sectional study with 455 undergraduate students from four Spanish universities. A new version of the SURPS, adapted to the Spanish population, was administered with the Beck Hopelessness Scale, the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747710/a-high-content-image-analysis-approach-for-quantitative-measurements-of-chemosensitivity-in-patient-derived-tumor-microtissues
#8
Ilmari Ahonen, Malin Åkerfelt, Mervi Toriseva, Eva Oswald, Julia Schüler, Matthias Nees
Organotypic, three-dimensional (3D) cancer models have enabled investigations of complex microtissues in increasingly realistic conditions. However, a drawback of these advanced models remains the poor biological relevance of cancer cell lines, while higher clinical significance would be obtainable with patient-derived cell cultures. Here, we describe the generation and data analysis of 3D microtissue models from patient-derived xenografts (PDX) of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Standard of care anti-cancer drugs were applied and the altered multicellular morphologies were captured by confocal microscopy, followed by automated image analyses to quantitatively measure phenotypic features for high-content chemosensitivity tests...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742277/immediate-and-short-term-effects-of-real-time-knee-adduction-moment-feedback-on-the-peak-and-cumulative-knee-load-during-walking
#9
Brennan Jackson, Keith E Gordon, Alison H Chang
The peak external knee adduction moment (pKAM), KAM impulse, and peak knee flexion moment (pKFM) during gait are important loading variables in medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis. We evaluated the effects of gait modification, using real-time pKAM visual feedback, on pKAM, KAM impulse, and pKFM; and whether participants could maintain the KAM-reducing gait after feedback removal. Eleven healthy individuals performed a series of walking trials on a split-belt instrumented treadmill under four conditions of Baseline, Feedback, No Feedback Early, and No Feedback Late...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707501/investigating-the-reliability-and-factor-structure-of-kalichman-s-survey-2-research-misconduct-questionnaire-a-post-hoc-analysis-among-biomedical-doctoral-students-in-scandinavia
#10
Søren Holm, Bjørn Hofmann
A precondition for reducing scientific misconduct is evidence about scientists' attitudes. We need reliable survey instruments, and this study investigates the reliability of Kalichman's "Survey 2: research misconduct" questionnaire. The study is a post hoc analysis of data from three surveys among biomedical doctoral students in Scandinavia (2010-2015). We perform reliability analysis, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis using a split-sample design as a partial validation. The results indicate that a reliable 13-item scale can be formed (Cronbach's α = ...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704467/locomotor-adaptability-in-persons-with-unilateral-transtibial-amputation
#11
Benjamin J Darter, Amy J Bastian, Erik J Wolf, Elizabeth M Husson, Bethany A Labrecque, Brad D Hendershot
BACKGROUND: Locomotor adaptation enables walkers to modify strategies when faced with challenging walking conditions. While a variety of neurological injuries can impair locomotor adaptability, the effect of a lower extremity amputation on adaptability is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Determine if locomotor adaptability is impaired in persons with unilateral transtibial amputation (TTA). METHODS: The locomotor adaptability of 10 persons with a TTA and 8 persons without an amputation was tested while walking on a split-belt treadmill with the parallel belts running at the same (tied) or different (split) speeds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701090/-transference-focused-psychotherapy-for-borderline-adolescents-in-a-day-clinic-treatment-program
#12
Maya Krischer, Tamara Ponton-Rodriguez, Ghazal Rostami Gooran, Stephan Bender
Transference Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline-Adolescents in a Day Clinic Treatment Program This paper focuses on the concept of transference focused psychotherapy (TFP) modified for juvenile borderline patients. Adolescents with borderline developmental personality disorder (bpd) have an essential deficit in their personality structure that leads to oscillations in their self-esteem and in a "split" perception of the world. They suffer from a variety of symptoms and severe impairments on their own and their families' quality of life...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699102/-the-concept-of-schizoidia-in-psychiatry-from-schizoidia-to-schizotypy-and-cluster%C3%A2-a-personality-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
From a perspective of conceptual evolution schizoidia was initially considered to describe features both of the premorbid personality of schizophrenic patients and of the personalities of non-psychotic family members (Bleuler, Kahlbaum, Kraepelin). On a psychopatholocial level a close link to the complex basic symptom of autism was stressed. From the very beginnings of modern psychiatry schizoidia was discussed within a conceptual frame of schizophrenia spectrum disorders (Kretschmer, Hoch, Polatin). Approaches to operationalize these conceptual works laid the basis for the cluster A personalities in DSM-III...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680954/qualitatively-comparing-the-support-needs-of-people-with-cancer-based-on-their-history-of-anxiety-depression
#14
Emma M Richardson, Jennifer L Scott, Natalie Schüz, Kristy Sanderson, Benjamin Schüz
INTRODUCTION: Research rarely considers the origin or history of a cancer patient's anxiety and/or depression, instead assuming that these illnesses are related to the cancer experience. The aim of this study was to compare differences in the support needs of people who have experienced anxiety/depression as part of the cancer experience and people who have not, as well as between people who have experienced episodic anxiety/depression and people who have experienced long-term anxiety/depression...
2017: Oncology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675427/opinion-leadership-types-or-continuous-opinion-leadership-traits
#15
Timo Gnambs
Opinion leadership is typically conceptualised as a continuous personality trait. However, many authors adhere to the view of qualitatively different opinion leadership types and apply arbitrary criteria to split continuous trait scores into two groups (i.e., opinion leaders vs. non-leaders). The present study is the first to empirically evaluate this approach. A sample of N = 3812 adults (67% women) was administered a validated opinion leadership scale. Finite mixture models examined whether the latent trait distribution can be represented by a set of discrete trait levels that reflected distinct opinion leadership types...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655517/safety-assessment-of-green-tea-based-beverages-and-dried-green-tea-extracts-as-nutritional-supplements
#16
REVIEW
Wolfgang Dekant, Kenkichi Fujii, Eiichiro Shibata, Osamu Morita, Akira Shimotoyodome
The safety of green tea infusions and green tea extract (GTE)-based products is reviewed regarding catechins. Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG), the major catechin present in green tea, is suspected of being responsible for liver toxicity reported in humans consuming food supplements. Intake of EGCG with green tea infusions and GTE-based beverages is up to about 450mg EGCG/person/day in Europe and higher in Asia. Consumption of green tea is not associated with liver damage in humans, and green tea infusion and GTE-based beverages are considered safe in the range of historical uses...
August 5, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615770/the-mood-spectrum-and-temperamental-instability-in-unipolar-and-bipolar-disorder
#17
Manish Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Saha, Anwesha Mondal
BACKGROUND: The current categorical split of mood disorders in bipolar (BP) disorders and depressive disorders has recently been questioned. The presence of a significant number of manic/hypomanic symptoms in patients with recurrent unipolar depression seems to challenge the traditional dichotomy of unipolar-BP disorder. Two highly unstable personality features, i.e., the cyclothymic temperament (CT) and borderline personality disorder, have been found to be more common in BP disorder than in major depressive disorder...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595809/neuroticism-in-child-sex-offenders-and-its-association-with-sexual-dysfunctions-cognitive-distortions-and-psychological-complaints
#18
Coralie Boillat, Gunnar Deuring, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Studies in child sex offenders (CSO) often report deviant personality characteristics. In our study, we investigated neuroticism in CSO and tested the hypothesis that CSO with high neuroticism show more serious abuse behavior and are more likely to exhibit sexual dysfunction and cognitive distortions, as compared to CSO with low neuroticism. A sample of 40 CSO (both child sexual abusers and child sexual material users) was split into two subsamples based on their neuroticism scores, obtained by the NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO-PI-R) questionnaire...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573658/an-approach-to-understanding-sleep-and-depressed-mood-in-adolescents-person-centred-sleep-classification
#19
Tamar Shochat, David H Barker, Katherine M Sharkey, Eliza Van Reen, Brandy M Roane, Mary A Carskadon
Depressive mood in youth has been associated with distinct sleep dimensions, such as timing, duration and quality. To identify discrete sleep phenotypes, we applied person-centred analysis (latent class mixture models) based on self-reported sleep patterns and quality, and examined associations between phenotypes and mood in high-school seniors. Students (n = 1451; mean age = 18.4 ± 0.3 years; 648 M) completed a survey near the end of high-school. Indicators used for classification included school night bed- and rise-times, differences between non-school night and school night bed- and rise-times, sleep-onset latency, number of awakenings, naps, and sleep quality and disturbance...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566857/comparative-evaluation-of-gingival-depigmentation-by-tetrafluroethane-cryosurgery-and-surgical-scalpel-technique-a-randomized-clinical-study
#20
Suraj D Narayankar, Neeraj C Deshpande, Deepak H Dave, Dhaval J Thakkar
INTRODUCTION: Importance of good smile cannot be underestimated in enhancement of beauty, self-confidence and personality of a person. Health and appearance of gingiva is an essential part of attractive smile. Gingival pigmentation gives rise to unesthetic smile line. In present world, with increasing awareness to esthetic, people have become highly concerned about black gums. Various treatment modalities like abrasion, scrapping, scalpel technique, cryosurgery, electrosurgery and laser are available for treatment of gingival pigmentation...
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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