keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BCAA & insulin resistance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755574/branched-chain-amino-acids-in-health-and-disease-metabolism-alterations-in-blood-plasma-and-as-supplements
#1
REVIEW
Milan Holeček
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; valine, leucine, and isoleucine) are essential amino acids with protein anabolic properties, which have been studied in a number of muscle wasting disorders for more than 50 years. However, until today, there is no consensus regarding their therapeutic effectiveness. In the article is demonstrated that the crucial roles in BCAA metabolism play: (i) skeletal muscle as the initial site of BCAA catabolism accompanied with the release of alanine and glutamine to the blood; (ii) activity of branched-chain keto acid dehydrogenase (BCKD); and (iii) amination of branched-chain keto acids (BCKAs) to BCAAs...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664677/silac-based-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-the-livers-of-spontaneous-obese-and-diabetic-rhesus-monkeys
#2
Junlong Wang, Shimeng Xu, Jing Gao, Linqiang Zhang, Zhiguo Zhang, Wenhui Yang, Yunhai Li, Shasha Liao, Hu Zhou, Pingsheng Liu, Bin Liang
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a severely metabolic disorder that affects above 10% worldwide population. Obesity is a major cause of insulin resistance and contributes to the development of T2DM. Liver is an essential metabolic organ that plays crucial roles in the pathogenesis of obesity and diabetes. However, the underlying mechanisms of liver in the transition of obesity to diabetes are not fully understood. Nonhuman primate (NHP) rhesus monkey is an appropriate animal for research of human diseases...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607651/lower-concentrations-of-circulating-medium-and-long-chain-acylcarnitines-characterize-insulin-resistance-in-persons-with-hiv
#3
Samuel Bailin, Cathy Jenkins, Christopher Petucci, Jeffrey A Culver, Bryan E Shepherd, Joshua P Fessel, Todd Hulgan, John Robert Koethe
In HIV-negative individuals, a plasma metabolite profile characterized by higher levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA), aromatic amino acids, and C3/C5 acylcarnitines is associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of diabetes. We sought to characterize the metabolite profile accompanying insulin resistance in HIV-positive persons to assess whether the same or different bioenergetics pathways might be implicated. We performed an observational cohort study of 70 non-diabetic, HIV-positive individuals (50% with body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) on efavirenz, tenofovir, and emtricitabine with suppressed HIV-1 RNA levels (< 50 copies/mL) for at least 2 years and a CD4+ count over 350 cells/µL...
April 1, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601913/fasting-serum-amino-acids-concentration-is-associated-with-insulin-resistance-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines
#4
Sang-Guk Lee, Ye Seal Yim, Yong-Ho Lee, Byung-Wan Lee, Hyon-Suk Kim, Kyung-Sup Kim, Yong-Wha Lee, Jeong-Ho Kim
AIMS: We evaluated specific alterations in amino acids (AAs) profile in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) compared with healthy controls. In addition, we tried to find the mechanisms behind these AA alterations. METHODS: Twenty AAs, TNF-α, and IL-6 were analyzed in fasting serum samples from a total of 198 individuals (56 drug-naïve patients with T2DM, 69 patients IFG, and 73 healthy controls). The C2C12 mouse myoblast cell lines were used to examine the changes of MAFbx and MuRF1 expressions, which are muscle specific E3 ligases acting as major mediators of skeletal muscle proteolysis, after development of insulin resistance induced by palmitate treatment...
March 27, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575812/branched-chain-amino-acids-androgen-hormones-and-metabolic-risk-across-early-adolescence-a-prospective-study-in-project-viva
#5
Wei Perng, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Marie-France Hivert, Jorge E Chavarro, Emily Oken
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the associations of two obesity-related metabolite patterns with changes in metabolic biomarkers during early adolescence. METHODS: Multivariable linear regression was used to examine associations of branched chain amino acid (BCAA) and androgen hormone patterns with changes in glycemia (fasting glucose, insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance), adipokines (leptin, adiponectin), inflammation (C-reactive protein, interleukin-6), lipid profile, and blood pressure during ∼5 years of follow-up among 213 children aged 6 to 10 years at baseline...
March 25, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572205/circulating-branched-chain-amino-acids-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-us-women
#6
Deirdre K Tobias, Patrick R Lawler, Paulo H Harada, Olga V Demler, Paul M Ridker, JoAnn E Manson, Susan Cheng, Samia Mora
BACKGROUND: Circulating branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; isoleucine, leucine, and valine) are strong predictors of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), but their association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is uncertain. We hypothesized that plasma BCAAs are positively associated with CVD risk and evaluated whether this was dependent on an intermediate diagnosis of T2D. METHODS: Participants in the Women's Health Study prospective cohort were eligible if free of CVD at baseline blood collection (n=27 041)...
April 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570613/branched-chain-amino-acids-beyond-nutrition-metabolism
#7
REVIEW
Cunxi Nie, Ting He, Wenju Zhang, Guolong Zhang, Xi Ma
Branched chain amino acids (BCAAs), including leucine (Leu), isoleucine (Ile), and valine (Val), play critical roles in the regulation of energy homeostasis, nutrition metabolism, gut health, immunity and disease in humans and animals. As the most abundant of essential amino acids (EAAs), BCAAs are not only the substrates for synthesis of nitrogenous compounds, they also serve as signaling molecules regulating metabolism of glucose, lipid, and protein synthesis, intestinal health, and immunity via special signaling network, especially phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/AKT/mTOR) signal pathway...
March 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547796/time-course-changes-in-circulating-branched-chain-amino-acid-levels-and-metabolism-in-obese-yucatan-minipig
#8
Sergio Polakof, Didier Rémond, Jérémie David, Dominique Dardevet, Isabelle Savary-Auzeloux
OBJECTIVES: High-fat high-sucrose diet (HFHS) overfeeding is one of the main factors responsible for the increased prevalence of metabolic disorders. Elevated levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) have been associated with metabolic dysfunctions, including insulin resistance (IR). The aim of this study was to elucidate whether elevated BCAA levels are the cause or the consequence of IR and to determine the mechanisms and tissues involved in such a phenotype. METHODS: We performed a 2-mo follow-up on minipigs overfed an HFHS diet and focused on kinetics fasting and postprandial (PP) BCAA levels and BCAA catabolism in key tissues...
November 27, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546329/metabolomics-identifies-distinctive-metabolite-signatures-for-measures-of-glucose-homeostasis-the-insulin-resistance-atherosclerosis-family-study-iras-fs
#9
Nicholette D Palmer, Hayrettin Okut, Fang-Chi Hsu, Maggie C Y Ng, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Mark O Goodarzi, Kent D Taylor, Jill M Norris, Carlos Lorenzo, Jerome I Rotter, Richard N Bergman, Carl D Langefeld, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Donald W Bowden
Context: Metabolomics provides a biochemical fingerprint which, when coupled with clinical phenotypes, can provide insight into physiological processes and disease. Objective: Survey metabolites associated with dynamic and basal measures of glucose homeostasis. Design: Analysis of 733 serum metabolites from the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study. Setting: Community-based. Participants: 1111 Mexican Americans...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432757/a-novel-nmr-based-assay-to-measure-circulating-concentrations-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-elevation-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-association-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness
#10
Justyna Wolak-Dinsmore, Eke G Gruppen, Irina Shalaurova, Steven P Matyus, Russell P Grant, Ray Gegen, Stephan J L Bakker, James D Otvos, Margery A Connelly, Robin P F Dullaart
OBJECTIVES: Plasma branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) levels, measured on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics research platforms or by mass spectrometry, have been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We developed a new test for quantification of BCAA on a clinical NMR analyzer and used this test to determine the clinical correlates of BCAA in 2 independent cohorts. DESIGN AND METHODS: The performance of the NMR-based BCAA assay was evaluated...
April 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399341/effect-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-on-insulin-resistance-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients
#11
Alicia Ocaña-Mondragón, José Antonio Mata-Marín, Mario Uriarte-López, Carolina Bekker-Méndez, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez, Rosa María Ribas-Aparicio, Luis Antonio Uribe-Noguéz, Dulce María Rodríguez-Galindo, María de La Luz Martínez-Rodríguez
The incidence rate of insulin resistance (IR) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is high. Recently, branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) have been shown to attenuate IR in CHC patients; however, their effect on patient quality of life remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of the current prospective study was to determine the effects of BCAA supplement on IR and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in patients with CHC. In the study, 20 non-diabetic patients with CHC, who were non-responders to peginterferon-α and ribavirin, were recruited...
January 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377510/bcaa-metabolism-and-insulin-sensitivity-dysregulated-by-metabolic-status
#12
REVIEW
Nicholas P Gannon, Jamie K Schnuck, Roger A Vaughan
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) appear to influence several synthetic and catabolic cellular signaling cascades leading to altered phenotypes in mammals. BCAAs are most notably known to increase protein synthesis through modulating protein translation, explaining their appeal to resistance and endurance athletes for muscle hypertrophy, expedited recovery, and preservation of lean body mass. In addition to anabolic effects, BCAAs may increase mitochondrial content in skeletal muscle and adipocytes, possibly enhancing oxidative capacity...
March 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348480/association-between-plasma-concentrations-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-and-adipokines-in-japanese-adults-without-diabetes
#13
Ryoko Katagiri, Atsushi Goto, Sanjeev Budhathoki, Taiki Yamaji, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Yumiko Kato, Motoki Iwasaki, Shoichiro Tsugane
Previous studies have consistently reported an association between circulating levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) or adipokines and insulin resistance; however, the association between BCAA and adipokine levels remains to be clarified. In this cross-sectional study involving 678 participants (435 men) without diabetes, plasma BCAA (valine, leucine, and isoleucine), adipokine (total and high molecular weight [HMW] adiponectin, leptin, and tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α]) concentrations, and an updated homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR) were measured...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281182/high-dietary-intake-of-branched-chain-amino-acids-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-insulin-resistance-in-adults
#14
Golaleh Asghari, Hossein Farhadnejad, Farshad Teymoori, Parvin Mirmiran, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) intake and markers of insulin metabolism in adults. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study on 1205 subjects, aged ≥20 years, who were followed-up for a mean of 2.3 years. Dietary intake of BCAAs, including valine, leucine, and isoleucine, was determined using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246479/elevated-plasma-levels-of-3-hydroxyisobutyric-acid-are-associated-with-incident-type-2-diabetes
#15
Adil Mardinoglu, Silvia Gogg, Luca A Lotta, Alena Stančáková, Annika Nerstedt, Jan Boren, Matthias Blüher, Ele Ferrannini, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J Wareham, Markku Laakso, Ulf Smith
Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) metabolite, 3-Hydroxyisobutyric acid (3-HIB) has been identified as a secreted mediator of endothelial cell fatty acid transport and insulin resistance (IR) using animal models. To identify if 3-HIB is a marker of human IR and future risk of developing Type 2 diabetes (T2D), we measured plasma levels of 3-HIB and associated metabolites in around 10,000 extensively phenotyped individuals. The levels of 3-HIB were increased in obesity but not robustly associated with degree of IR after adjusting for BMI...
January 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244956/effects-of-carbohydrate-and-branched-chain-amino-acid-beverage-ingestion-during-acute-upper-body-resistance-exercise-on-performance-and-post-exercise-hormone-response
#16
JohnEric W Smith, Ben M Krings, Brandon D Shepherd, Hunter S Waldman, Steven A Basham, Matthew J McAllister
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the individual and combined effects of ingesting carbohydrates (CHO) and branched chain amino acids (BCAA) during high volume upper-body resistance exercise (RE) on markers of catabolism and performance. Thirteen resistance trained males completed four experimental trials with supplementation ingesting beverages containing CHO, BCAA, CHO+BCAA, or placebo (PLA) in a randomized, double-blind design. The beverages were ingested in 118 mL servings six times during a ~60 min RE session consisting of bench press, bent-over row, incline press, and close-grip row...
December 15, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075976/specific-plasma-amino-acid-disturbances-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome
#17
Marta Siomkajło, Jacek Rybka, Magdalena Mierzchała-Pasierb, Andrzej Gamian, Joanna Stankiewicz-Olczyk, Marek Bolanowski, Jacek Daroszewski
PURPOSE: The primary objective of the present study was to examine the association between branched chain and aromatic amino acid profiles (BCAA and AAA respectively) and the metabolic syndrome (MS), and to evaluate the clinical utility of these associations in the diagnostic process. METHODS: Two hundred and sixty three healthy men with MS [MS(+): n = 165] and without MS [MS(-): n = 98] were enrolled in the observational study. Anthropometrical, biochemical, and amino acid measurements were performed...
December 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048482/n-acetylglucosamine-more-than-a-silent-partner-in-insulin-resistance
#18
Geoffrey G Hesketh, James W Dennis
Pedersen et al. (Pedersen HK, Gudmundsdottir V, Nielsen HB, Hyotylainen T, Nielsen T, Jensen BA, Forslund K, Hildebrand F, Prifti E, Falony G, et al. 2016. Human gut microbes impact host serum metabolome and insulin sensitivity. Nature. 535: 376-381.) report that human serum levels of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) and N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) increase in proportion to insulin resistance. They focus on the microbiome and the contributing subset of microbe species, thereby demonstrating disease causality in mice...
July 1, 2017: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046328/genetic-support-for-a-causal-role-of-insulin-resistance-on-circulating-branched-chain-amino-acids-and-inflammation
#19
Qin Wang, Michael V Holmes, George Davey Smith, Mika Ala-Korpela
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance has deleterious effects on cardiometabolic disease. We used Mendelian randomization analyses to clarify the causal relationships of insulin resistance (IR) on circulating blood-based metabolites to shed light on potential mediators of the IR to cardiometabolic disease relationship. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used 53 single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with IR from a recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) to explore their effects on circulating lipids and metabolites...
December 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958691/branched-chain-amino-acid-catabolism-rather-than-amino-acids-plasma-concentrations-is-associated-with-diet-induced-changes-in-insulin-resistance-in-overweight-to-obese-individuals
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S Haufe, S Engeli, J Kaminski, H Witt, D Rein, B Kamlage, W Utz, J C Fuhrmann, V Haas, A Mähler, J Schulz-Menger, F C Luft, M Boschmann, J Jordan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: 3-Hydroxyisobutyrate (3-HIB), a catabolic intermediate of the BCAA valine, which stimulates muscle fatty acid uptake, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. We tested the hypothesis that circulating 3-HIB herald insulin resistance and that metabolic improvement with weight loss are related to changes in BCAAs and 3-HIB. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed plasma and urine in 109 overweight to obese individuals before and after six months on hypocaloric diets reduced in either carbohydrates or fat...
October 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
keyword
keyword
50026
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"