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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329106/genetic-mutations-associated-with-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus-in-omani-patients
#1
Aisha Al Senani, Nishath Hamza, Hanan Al Azkawi, Manal Al Kharusi, Nashat Al Sukaiti, Maryam Al Badi, Moza Al Yahyai, Matthew Johnson, Elisa De Franco, Sarah Flanagan, Andrew Hattersley, Sian Ellard, Waad-Allah Mula-Abed
BACKGROUND: Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is a rare disorder worldwide where diabetes is diagnosed in the first 6 months of life. However, Oman has a relatively high incidence of NDM. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the genetic etiologies underlying NDM and their prevalence in Oman. We collected a cohort of 24 NDM patients, with and without genetic diagnosis, referred to our center from 2007 to 2015. All patients without a genetic diagnosis were tested for mutations in 23 NDM-associated genes using a custom-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel and methylation analysis of the 6q24 locus...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283155/transcanalicular-laser-assisted-dacryocystorhinostomy-first-report-from-oman
#2
Upender Wali, Buthaina Sabt, Yahya Al Badaai, Abdullah Al-Mujaini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282008/pricing-appraisal-of-anti-cancer-drugs-in-the-south-east-asian-western-pacific-and-east-mediterranean-region
#3
Shahrzad Salmasi, Kah Seng Lee, Long Chiau Ming, Chin Fen Neoh, Mahmoud E Elrggal, Zaheer-Ud- Din Babar, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
BACKGROUND: Globally, cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality. High treatment cost, partly owing to higher prices of anti-cancer drugs, presents a significant burden on patients and healthcare systems. The aim of the present study was to survey and compare retail prices of anti-cancer drugs between high, middle and low income countries in the South-East Asia, Western Pacific and Eastern Mediterranean regions. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey design was used for the present study...
December 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281717/genetic-origin-of-goat-populations-in-oman-revealed-by-mitochondrial-dna-analysis
#4
Nasser Ali Al-Araimi, Osman Mahgoub Gaafar, Vânia Costa, Agusto Luzuriaga Neira, Raed Mahmoud Al-Atiyat, Albano Beja-Pereira
The Sultanate of Oman has a complex mosaic of livestock species and production systems, but the genetic diversity, demographic history or origins of these Omani animals has not been expensively studied. Goats might constitute one of the most abundant and important domestic livestock species since the Neolithic transition. Here, we examined the genetic diversity, origin, population structure and demographic history of Omani goats. Specifically, we analyzed a 525-bp fragment of the first hypervariable region of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region from 69 Omani individuals and compared this fragment with 17 mtDNA sequences from Somalia and Yemen as well as 18 wild goat species and 1,198 previously published goat sequences from neighboring countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276413/psychological-burden-among-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-in-oman-a-case-control-study
#5
Maha Ah Sulaiman, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Maha M Al-Khaduri, Mostafa I Waly, Jumana Saleh, Samir Al-Adawi
Purpose: Previous studies in Euro-American populations have shown that women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) have increased levels of "psychological burden". While PCOS has been reported in Arab countries such as Oman, there is a dearth of studies of the occurrence of psychological burden among PCOS women in the Arab region. This study aimed to compare sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of PCOS women diagnosed with non-PCOS women and prevalence of severity of depression, anxiety and stress and to explore the association between PCOS and indices of psychological disturbances after adjusting for potential confounding factors...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248096/adolescent-and-young-adult-injuries-in-developing-economies-a-comparative-analysis-from-oman-and-kenya
#6
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Niloufer Taber, Amber Mehmood, Yuen Wai Hung, Isaac Botchey, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a distinct period of rapid and dramatic biological, cognitive, psychological, and social development. The burden of injuries among young people (aged 10-24) is both substantial and maldistributed across regions and levels of economic development. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to compare sociodemographic correlates of injury cause, intentionality, and mortality between Kenya and Oman, 2 countries with different levels of economic development and position in the demographic and epidemiologic transitions...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245719/-i-aphanius-i-i-kruppi-i-a-new-killifish-from-oman-with-comments-on-the-i-a-dispar-i-species-group-cyprinodontiformes-aphaniidae
#7
Jörg Freyhof, Anton Weissenbacher, Matthias Geiger
Eight species are recognised in the Aphanius dispar group. Aphanius dispar from the Red and Mediterranean Sea basins, A. stoliczkanus from coastal areas of the Arabian/Persian Gulf, the northern Arabian Sea east to Gujarat in India, the Gulf of Oman and some endorheic basins in Iran and Pakistan, A. richardsoni from springs in the Dead Sea basin in Jordan and Israel, A. sirhani from the Azraq Oasis in Jordan, A. ginaonis from one spring in Iran, A. furcatus from few streams and springs in Iran and A. stiassnyae from one lake in Ethiopia...
October 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245520/new-substitute-name-for-i-sobara-i-oman-1949-and-recognization-on-chinese-i-orientus-i-species-hemiptera-cicadellidae-deltocephalinae
#8
Ji-Chun Xing
Oman (1949) established the leafhopper genus Sobara with Eutettix palliolata Ball, 1902 as its type species. This genus belongs to the tribe Athysanini Van Duzee, 1892 of subfamily Deltocephalinae (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae). Until now, there have been no further reports on this genus, and only one species is recorded from southwest USA.
November 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237443/nursing-faculty-academic-incivility-perceptions-of-nursing-students-and-faculty
#9
Joshua K Muliira, Jansi Natarajan, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: Incivility in nursing education can adversely affect the academic environment, the learning outcomes, and safety. Nursing faculty (NF) and nursing students (NS) contribute to the academic incivility. Little is known about the extent of NF academic incivility in the Middle East region. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of NF academic incivility in an undergraduate nursing program of a public university in Oman. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was used to collect data from 155 undergraduate NS and 40 NF about faculty academic incivility...
December 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218132/portal-vein-thrombosis-in-adult-omani-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Khalid Al Hashmi, Lamya Al Aamri, Sulayma Al Lamki, Anil Pathare
OBJECTIVES: We sought to study the occurrence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in adult Omani patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in patients diagnosed with PVT, which was confirmed by radiological imaging, from two tertiary hospitals over a 10-year period. Results: Amongst the 39 patients enrolled in the study, 15 (38.4%) had cirrhosis of the liver, and 24 (61.5%) were non-cirrhotic. In the non-cirrhotic PVT patients, 15 (62.5%) had acute PVT, whereas nine (37...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218128/neurobrucellosis-presenting-as-pseudotumor-cerebri-first-report-from-oman
#11
Padam P Sharma, Mangudi V Murali, Tahsin Hamdi
A ten-year-old boy presented to the hospital with body ache and joint pains for two months and headache, vomiting, and skin rash for three days. He was drowsy and lethargic at admission. Physical examination revealed bilateral papilledema. There were no cranial nerve involvement, neuromotor deficit, or signs of meningeal irritation. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain did not reveal any evidence of cerebral edema or space occupying lesion. In view of the high endemicity of brucellosis in the area, Brucella agglutination test (BAT) was done at the time of admission and was negative...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218121/characteristics-of-chronic-pain-patients-attending-a-primary-health-care-center-in-oman
#12
Nasrin Al-Zadjali, Samia Al-Khaldi, Nafisa Samir, Syed Rizvi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Abdulaziz Al-Mahrezi
Objectives: To determine the characteristics of patients presenting with chronic pain in a primary health care setting in Oman. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out including all patients aged ≥ 18 years who attended Sultan Qaboos University Health Center during 2010. Patients were identified to have chronic pain if they were prescribed an analgesic medication for at least three months. Patients were compared to a control group which consisted of age- and gender-matched patients with no chronic pain...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218120/characteristics-and-correlates-of-woman-eligible-for-targeted-screening-mammography-in-oman
#13
Mahmood Masud Al Awfi, Obaid Said Al-Hubaishi
Objectives: We sought to determine the characteristics of women eligible for a high-yield screening mammography program in Oman. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of women who underwent breast cancer screening at the Oman Cancer Association from 22 December 2009 to 6 February 2011. Women with a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) score of 4-5 were compared with those with a score of 1-3 based on well-known breast cancer risk factors using the case-control approach analysis...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205882/estimating-the-burden-of-influenza-associated-hospitalization-and-deaths-in-oman-2012-2015
#14
Doaa M Abdel-Hady, Rima M Al Balushi, Badr A Al Abri, Seif S Al Abri, Hanan S Al Kindi, Amina K Al-Jardani, Fatma M Al Yaqubi, Idris S Al Abaidani
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a serious vaccine-preventable disease with high incidence, hospitalization, and mortality in high-risk groups. The epidemiology, seasonality, and risk factors for influenza are well defined in most of the temperate countries, but estimating influenza burden in the World Health Organization (WHO) Region for the Eastern Mediterranean is scarce. In Oman, despite the advancements in influenza surveillance, the clinical burden and seasonality of influenza remain not fully understood...
December 5, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184613/gender-differences-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-the-middle-east
#15
Aliah Ali Khesroh, Faisal Al-Roumi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Sreeja Attur, Wafa Rashed, Mohammad Zubaid
Background: There is controversy regarding the relationship between gender and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Objective: To study the impact of gender on presentation, management, and mortality among patients with ACS in the Middle East. Methodology: From January 2012 to January 2013, 4057 patients with ACS were enrolled from four Arabian Gulf countries (Kuwait, Oman, United Arab Emirates, and Qatar), representing more than 85% of the general hospitals in each of the participating countries...
July 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178845/classification-of-a-new-phytoplasmas-subgroup-16srii-w-associated-with-crotalaria-witches-broom-diseases-in-oman-based-on-multigene-sequence-analysis
#16
Ali Al-Subhi, Saskia A Hogenhout, Rashid A Al-Yahyai, Abdullah M Al-Sadi
BACKGROUND: Crotalaria aegyptiaca, a low shrub is commonly observed in the sandy soils of wadis desert and is found throughout all regions in Oman. A survey for phytoplasma diseases was conducted. During a survey in a wild area in the northern regions of Oman in 2015, typical symptoms of phytoplasma infection were observed on C. aegyptiaca plants. The infected plants showed an excessive proliferation of their shoots and small leaves. RESULTS: The presence of phytoplasma in the phloem tissue of symptomatic C...
November 25, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178116/third-study-on-who-mpower-tobacco-control-scores-in-eastern-mediterranean-countries-2011-2015
#17
Gholamreza Heydari, Arezoo EbnAhmady, Harry A Lando, Fahimeh Chamyani, Mohammadreza Masjedi, Mohammad B Shadmehr, Lida Fadaizadeh
This study was conducted to quantify the implementation of the MPOWER policies and to assess any possible changes across Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) countries. In this comparative cross-sectional study based on 10 categories mentioned in MPOWER report 2015 a checklist was designed. Seven questions were scored from 0-4 and three from 0-3. The 22 EMR countries were ranked and compared by their total score on a scale of 0-37. The highest scores were achieved by Egypt and the Islamic Republic of Iran. Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen showed progress, while Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, and the Syrian Arab Republic had decreased scores...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171449/risk-factors-for-tuberculosis-mortality-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-oman-2006-2016
#18
Zied A Gaifer
BACKGROUND: Mortality from tuberculosis (TB) remains high despite its declining global incidence. Host risk factors of TB death have not been fully identified. The aim of this study is to explore some of the host risk factors associated with TB mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional review of patients with TB admitted to Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Oman from July 2006 to February 2016. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the risk factors for TB mortality...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168447/a-brief-summary-of-the-epidemiology-and-genetic-relatedness-of-avian-influenza-h9n2-virus-in-birds-and-mammals-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#19
A Nagy, T C Mettenleiter, E M Abdelwhab
H9N2 is the most widespread avian influenza virus subtype in poultry worldwide. It infects a broad spectrum of host species including birds and mammals. Infections in poultry and humans vary from silent to fatal. Importantly, all AIV, which are fatal in humans (e.g. H5N1, H7N9) acquired their 'internal' gene segments from H9N2 viruses. Although H9N2 is endemic in the Middle East (ME) and North Africa since the late 1990s, little is known about its epidemiology and genetics on a regional level. In this review, we summarised the epidemiological situation of H9N2 in poultry and mammals in Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Bahrain, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco...
November 23, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155821/progress-towards-a-leprosy-free-country-the-experience-of-oman
#20
Salah T Al Awaidy
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) released the Global Leprosy Strategy 2016-2020 towards a leprosy-free world. The author described the progress made towards the elimination of leprosy and suggested recommendations for the acceleration towards a Leprosy-free country according to WHO laid out criterion. METHODOLOGY: Case record review of Leprosy patients managed between the years 1992 to 2015 were registered and analyzed. Data were collected from annual reports of the Ministry of Health including demographics, classification of leprosy new cases, relapse, childhood, grades of disability (GD) and multidrug therapy (MDT) completion rates...
November 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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