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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915493/in-situ-spectral-response-of-the-arabian-gulf-and-sea-of-oman-coastal-waters-to-bio-optical-properties
#1
Maryam R Al Shehhi, Imen Gherboudj, Hosni Ghedira
Mapping of Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) over the coastal waters of the Arabian Gulf and the Sea of Oman using the satellite-based observations, such as MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer), has shown inferior performance (Chl-a overestimation) than that of deep waters. Studies in the region have shown that this poor performance is due to three reasons: (i) water turbidity (sediments re-suspension), and the presence of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM), (ii) bottom reflectance and (iii) incapability of the existing atmospheric correction models to reduce the effect of the aerosols from the water leaving radiance...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886039/infection-prevention-and-control-practice-for-crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-survey-in-eurasia
#2
Tom E Fletcher, Abuova Gulzhan, Salih Ahmeti, Seif S Al-Abri, Zahide Asik, Aynur Atilla, Nick J Beeching, Heval Bilek, Ilkay Bozkurt, Iva Christova, Fazilet Duygu, Saban Esen, Arjun Khanna, Çiğdem Kader, Masoud Mardani, Faisal Mahmood, Nana Mamuchishvili, Natalia Pshenichnaya, Mustafa Sunbul, Tuğba Y Yalcin, Hakan Leblebicioglu
BACKGROUND: Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a life threatening acute viral infection that presents significant risk of nosocomial transmission to healthcare workers. AIM: Evaluation of CCHF infection prevention and control (IP&C) practices in healthcare facilities that routinely manage CCHF cases in Eurasia. METHODS: A cross-sectional CCHF IP&C survey was designed and distributed to CCHF centers in 10 endemic Eurasian countries in 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865472/doctoral-level-research-and-training-capacity-in-the-social-determinants-of-health-at-universities-and-higher-education-institutions-in-india-china-oman-and-vietnam-a-survey-of-needs
#3
Farhad Ali, Arun Shet, Weirong Yan, Abdullah Al-Maniri, Salla Atkins, Henry Lucas
BACKGROUND: Research capacity is scarce in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings. Social determinants of health research (SDH) is an area in which research capacity is lacking, particularly in Asian countries. SDH research can support health decision-makers, inform policy and thereby improve the overall health and wellbeing of the population. In order to continue building this capacity, we need to know to what extent training exists and how challenges could be addressed from the perspective of students and staff...
September 2, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865399/the-child-abuse-potential-inventory-development-of-an-arabic-version
#4
Jumana Al Abduwani, Peter Sidebotham, Muna Al Saadoon, Mohammed Al Lawati, Jane Barlow
The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a well-validated screening tool for assessing potential for child physical abuse, and has been translated into many different languages. To date the CAPI has not been translated into Arabic or used in any studies in Arabic-speaking populations. This study reports on the process of adapting the CAPI into Arabic Language which was undertaken following the International Society of Pharma-economics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) guidelines. The translation/adaptation process was multi-stage, and involved the use of a Delphi process, cognitive debriefing, back translation, and a pilot testing of the Arabic CAPI at two primary health care centers with a population of pregnant women (n=60)...
August 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852084/high-altitude-wind-resources-in-the-middle-east
#5
Chak Man Andrew Yip, Udaya Bhaskar Gunturu, Georgiy L Stenchikov
In the Middle East, near-surface wind resources are intermittent. However, high-altitude wind resources are abundant, persistent, and readily available and may provide alternative energy resources in this fossil-fuel-dependent region. Using wind field data from the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications Version 2 (MERRA-2), this study identifies areas favorable to the deployment of airborne wind energy (AWE) systems in the Middle East and computes the optimal heights at which such systems would best operate...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843410/health-system-barriers-and-enablers-to-early-access-to-breast-cancer-screening-detection-and-diagnosis-a-global-analysis-applied-to-the-mena-region
#6
REVIEW
D Bowser, H Marqusee, M El Koussa, R Atun
OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers and enablers that impact access to early screening, detection, and diagnosis of breast cancer both globally and more specifically in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region (with a specific focus on Egypt, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates [UAE], and Kuwait) with a specific focus on the health system. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of literature. METHODS: We conducted a systematic reviewing using the PRISMA methodology...
August 24, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842995/hepatitis-c-virus-genotypes-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-distribution-diversity-and-patterns
#7
Sarwat Mahmud, Zaina Al-Kanaani, Hiam Chemaitelly, Karima Chaabna, Silva P Kouyoumjian, Laith J Abu-Raddad
Our objective was to characterize the distribution, diversity and patterns of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Source of data was a database of HCV genotype studies in MENA populated using a series of systematic literature searches. Pooled mean proportions were estimated for each genotype and by country using DerSimonian-Laird random-effects meta-analyses. Genotype diversity within countries was assessed using Shannon Diversity Index. Number of chronic infections by genotype and country was calculated using the pooled proportions and country-specific numbers of chronic infection...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840828/imported-case-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-infection-from-oman-to-thailand-june-2015
#8
Tanarak Plipat, Rome Buathong, Supaporn Wacharapluesadee, Potjaman Siriarayapon, Chakrarat Pittayawonganon, Chariya Sangsajja, Thongchai Kaewpom, Sininat Petcharat, Teerada Ponpinit, Jaruphan Jumpasri, Yutthana Joyjinda, Apaporn Rodpan, Siriporn Ghai, Akanitt Jittmittraphap, Sarawut Khongwichit, Duncan R Smith, Victor M Corman, Christian Drosten, Thiravat Hemachudha
Thailand reported the first Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) case on 18 June 2015 (day 4) in an Omani patient with heart condition who was diagnosed with pneumonia on hospital admission on 15 June 2015 (day 1). Two false negative RT-PCR on upper respiratory tract samples on days 2 and 3 led to a 48-hour diagnosis delay and a decision to transfer the patient out of the negative pressure unit (NPU). Subsequent examination of sputum later on day 3 confirmed MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection. The patient was immediately moved back into the NPU and then transferred to Bamrasnaradura Infectious Disease Institute...
August 17, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807085/variation-in-bacterial-endosymbionts-associated-with-the-date-palm-hopper-ommatissus-lybicus-populations
#9
S Karimi, H Izadi, M Askari Seyahooei, A N Bagheri, P Khodaygan
The date palm hopper, Ommatissus lybicus, is a key pest of the date palm, which is expected to be comprised of many allopatric populations. The current study was carried out to determine bacterial endosymbiont diversity in the different populations of this pest. Ten date palm hopper populations were collected from the main date palm growing regions in Iran and an additional four samples from Pakistan, Oman, Egypt and Tunisia for detection of primary and secondary endosymbionts using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay with their specific primers...
August 15, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804592/diabetic-foot-disease-in-oman-a-call-for-%C3%A2-more-research
#10
Ibrahim Saleh Al-Busaidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804588/first-reported-case-of-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-in-oman
#11
Hatim Al Lawati, Humoud Al Dhuhli
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by fatty degeneration of the right ventricular myocardium with variable involvement of the left ventricle. The condition is associated with exercise-mediated ventricular tachycardia and is one of the recognized causes of sudden cardiac death in the young and in athletes. Here, we report the first confirmed case of ARVC in Oman and present its electrocardiographic, echocardiographic features, and radiological findings on gated, contrast-enhanced cardiac computed tomography...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804581/influence-of-eysenckian-personality-traits-in-choice-of-specialization-by-young-omani-doctors
#12
Mohammed Al-Alawi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Salim Al-Husseini, Samir Al-Adawi, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Sahar Khan, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
OBJECTIVES: The role of personality in occupational specialty choices has been explored in many parts of the world. To our knowledge, there is a dearth of such studies in the Arab/Islamic population and Oman is no exception. This study aimed to explore the relationship between personality traits and specialty choice among residents of Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among Omani resident physicians working under OMSB...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804579/validity-of-prostate-health-index-and-percentage-of-2-pro-prostate-specific-antigen-as-novel-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-omani-tertiary-hospitals-experience
#13
Safana S Al Saidi, Nafila B Al Riyami, Mohammed S Al Marhoon, Mohammed S Al Saraf, Salim S Al Busaidi, Riad Bayoumi, Waad-Allah S Mula-Abed
OBJECTIVES: Prostate cancer is the leading cancer in older men. The Ministry of Health Oman Cancer Incidence Registry 2013 lists cancer of the prostate as the first most common cancer in males. Therefore, early detection is important and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is widely used as an established laboratory test. However, despite its wide use, its value in screening, particularly in asymptomatic males, is controversial when considering the risks and benefits of early detection. METHODS: This prospective, observational study included 136 males (67...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799833/plasmid-mediated-colistin-resistance-gene-mcr-1-in-an-escherichia-coli-st10-bloodstream-isolate-in-the-sultanate-of-oman
#14
Jalila Mohsin, Tibor Pál, Jorgen Eskild Petersen, Dania Darwish, Akela Ghazawi, Tanveer Ashraf, Agnes Sonnevend
AIMS: To identify plasmid-mediated colistin resistance in clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolates in Oman, where this resistance mechanism has not been encountered yet. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twenty-two colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates collected between July 2014 and June 2016 in a tertiary care hospital in Muscat were screened by PCR for the mcr-1 and mcr-2 genes. The strain identified as mcr-1 positive was genotyped and its antibiotic susceptibility was established...
August 11, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794288/kidney-disease-in-oman-a-view-of-the-current-and-future-landscapes
#15
Intisar Hamed Al Alawi, Issa Al Salmi, Adhra Al Mawali, John A Sayer
Oman is located in the southeast of Arabian Peninsula with a relatively young population of about 3 831 553 people. The Ministry of Health, which is the healthcare provider, is facing a challenge with the increased levels of noncommunicable diseases including chronic kidney disease. A growing number of patients progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), demanding renal replacement therapy. In 2014, there were 1339 of ESKD patients receiving dialysis and almost 1400 patients received kidney transplants. The estimated annual incidence of ESKD is 120 patients per million population...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791731/only-near-is-dear-doing-elderly-care-with-everyday-icts-in-indian-transnational-families
#16
Tanja Ahlin
In Kerala, South India, young people, especially women, are encouraged to become nurses in order to migrate abroad for work and thereby improve the financial status of their family. Meanwhile, many of their parents remain in India by themselves. This is occurring in the context of a strong popular discourse of elder abandonment, related to the local norms of intergenerational co-habitation. Based on fieldwork in Kerala and one of the nurses' destination countries, Oman, I present evidence that complicates this discourse by showing how: (1) migration is a form of elder care practice in itself; and (2) care for the elderly continues across countries and continents with the help of information and communication technologies (ICTs)...
August 9, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782080/awareness-of-stomach-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-factors-symptoms-and-time-taken-to-seek-medical-help-among-public-attending-primary-care-setting-in-muscat-governorate-oman
#17
Mohammed Al-Azri, Jamila Al-Kindi, Thuraiya Al-Harthi, Manal Al-Dahri, Sathiya Murthi Panchatcharam, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Colorectal and stomach cancers are the top ranking cancers in Oman. Most of the patients are diagnosed at advanced disease stages. The aim of this study is to explore the knowledge of risk factors, symptoms and the time needed to seek medical care for stomach cancer and colorectal cancer (CRC) among Omani participants attending 28 local health centres (LHCs) in the governorate of Muscat, the capital city of Oman. The Bowel Cancer/CRC Awareness Measure (CAM) questionnaire (translated into Arabic) was used to collect data from Omani adult participants (aged 18 years and above) who attended the LHCs during the study period...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769706/new-and-interesting-orthoptera-from-the-arabian-peninsula-and-socotra
#18
Bruno Massa
This paper reports on some interesting taxa recently found in the Arabian Peninsula and the island of Socotra. Among them is a new species of brachypterous grasshopper Sphodromerus carapezzanussp. n. (Acrididae: Calliptaminae), described from an isolated area in Dhofar (Oman). A female Heteracris hemiptera (Uvarov, 1935) (Acrididae: Eyprepocnemidinae) is reported, with morphological characters which do not fully comply with those of any known subspecies. Two species, hitherto rarely documented, are also reported, Phaneroptila insularis Uvarov, 1957 (Tettigoniidae: Phaneropterinae) from Socotra and Cataloipus thomasi Uvarov, 1933 (Acrididae: Eyprepocnemidinae) from Oman...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767644/cryptic-diversity-in-ptyodactylus-reptilia-gekkonidae-from-the-northern-hajar-mountains-of-oman-and-the-united-arab-emirates-uncovered-by-an-integrative-taxonomic-approach
#19
Marc Simó-Riudalbas, Margarita Metallinou, Philip de Pous, Johannes Els, Sithum Jayasinghe, Erika Péntek-Zakar, Thomas Wilms, Saleh Al-Saadi, Salvador Carranza
The Hajar Mountains of south-eastern Arabia form an isolated massif surrounded by the sea to the east and by a large desert to the west. As a result of their old geological origin, geographical isolation, complex topography and local climate, these mountains provide an important refuge for endemic and relict species of plants and animals. With 19 species restricted to the Hajar Mountains, reptiles are the vertebrate group with the highest level of endemicity, becoming an excellent model for understanding the patterns and processes that generate and shape diversity in this arid mountain range...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764700/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sitting-time-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-primary-health-care-in-oman
#20
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya Al-Farsi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela M Craigie, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of the benefits of physical activity in the management of type 2 diabetes, it is poorly addressed in diabetes care. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and correlates of meeting ≥600MET-min/wk. (150 min/wk) of physical activity and sitting time in adults with type 2 diabetes in Oman. Approaches to encourage physical activity in diabetes care were explored. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire was conducted in 17 randomly selected primary health centres in Muscat...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
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