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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104991/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
AIM: To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence in each country of the Middle-East and the overall prevalence of the region. METHODS: In this systematic review, we gathered all documents related to HCV infection prevalence among hemodialysis patients in 17 middle-east countries from April 2006 to March 2016. We selected only cross-sectional studies that had proper sampling and measurement methods as well as a valid statistical analysis. RESULTS: After screening of 7311 documents, 56 studies were selected reporting the prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients from 10 countries of the region...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069643/gepotidacin-gsk2140944-in-vitro-activity-against-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-mic-mbc-kill-kinetics-checkerboard-pae-sme-tests
#2
D J Farrell, H S Sader, P R Rhomberg, N E Scangarella-Oman, R K Flamm
Gepotidacin, (formerly GSK2140944) is a novel, first in class, triazaacenaphthylene antibacterial, which inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV via a unique mechanism and has demonstrated in vitro activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae, including drug-resistant strains, and also target pathogens associated with other conventional and biothreat infections. Broth microdilution was used to evaluate the minimum inhibitory/bactericidal concentration (MIC/MBC) activity of gepotidacin and comparators against 25 N...
January 9, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065946/a-retrospective-study-of-clinico-pathological-characteristics-of-colonic-polyps-in-adults-seen-at-a-tertiary-care-centre
#3
Asim Qureshi, Zafar Ali, Asem Shalaby
OBJECTIVE: To analyse morphological types, location in the large bowel and demographic characteristics of colonic polyps. METHODS: The retrospective descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Pathology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, and comprised biopsy specimens of colonic polyps from patients related to a two-year period from 2011 to 2012. Demographic data, types of polyps, anatomical location and grade of dysplasia were analysed. SPSS 20 was used for statistical analysis...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056933/study-protocol-for-movediabetes-a-trial-to-promote-physical-activity-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-health-care-in-oman
#4
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Angela M Craigie, Maureen Mcleod, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Benefits of physical activity in the management of diabetes are well documented. However, evidence on the effectiveness of interventions integrating physical activity in diabetes care is sparse especially in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The results from this study will increase our understanding of the use of multi-component interventions aimed at increasing physical activity levels in inactive adults with type 2 diabetes in primary health care in Oman. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a one year 1:1 cluster randomized controlled trial of the MOVEdiabetes programme (intervention) versus usual care in eight primary health care centres in Oman...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050584/dataset-for-petroleum-based-stock-markets-and-gauss-codes-for-samem
#5
Ahmed A A Khalifa, Pietro Bertuccelli, Edoardo Otranto
This article includes a unique data set of a balanced daily (Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday) for oil and natural gas volatility and the oil rich economies' stock markets for Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Bahrain and Oman, using daily data over the period spanning Oct. 18, 2006-July 30, 2015. Additionally, we have included unique GAUSS codes for estimating the spillover asymmetric multiplicative error model (SAMEM) with application to Petroleum-Based Stock Market. The data, the model and the codes have many applications in business and social science...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042406/a-novel-deletion-mutation-of-exon-2-of-the-c19orf12-gene-in-an-omani-family-with-mitochondrial-membrane-protein-associated-neurodegeneration-mpan
#6
Nabil Al Macki, Ismail Al Rashdi
Mutations in the C19orf12 gene are known to cause mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN), which is a neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) type 4 disorder. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a genetically confirmed case of MPAN from Oman. A novel homozygous deletion of exon 2 of the C19orf12 gene was confirmed on the proband, a seven-year-old girl, who presented with gait instability. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed iron deposition on the basal ganglia...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042405/imported-case-of-melioidosis-in-oman-case-report
#7
Nada Al Tamtami, Faryal Khamis, Amina Al-Jardani
Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. It is most commonly described in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia and some imported cases in non-endemic areas. We describe the case of a 55-year-old Omani man with fulminant sepsis who worked in Laos, Cambodia. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the patient's blood and was identified by means of microbiological and biochemical tests. We highlight the importance of careful attention to non-fermentative gram-negative rods in a septic patients who have worked or travelled to Southeast Asia...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042404/in-hospital-and-one-year-clinical-outcome-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-oman-oman-pci-registry
#8
Prashanth Panduranga, Majdah Al-Rashidi, Fatma Al-Hajri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the in-hospital and one-year clinical outcome of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center, observational study looking at patients > 18 years old who underwent a PCI from 1 January to 31 December 2013. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), defined as death, any myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) with either repeat PCI or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042401/epidemiology-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-oman-2006-2015
#9
Zied Gaifer, Ahmed Babiker, Dawar Rizavi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors for the development of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a tertiary care center in Oman. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional review of culture-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) cases diagnosed at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital between August 2006 and March 2015. We compared drug-resistant TB cases with drug-sensitive cases to identify predictors of drug-resistant TB using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042396/tobacco-control-in-oman-it-s-time-to-get-serious
#10
REVIEW
Jawad Al-Lawati, Ruth M Mabry, Zakiya Q Al-Busaidi
Tobacco use is the world's leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. Although Oman remains a country with the lowest tobacco use in the Arab Gulf States, the prevalence of tobacco use is projected to increase to 33.3% by 2025. In 2005, Oman acceded to the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, an international treaty with numerous obligations aiming to reduce the global burden of tobacco use. This paper documents, for the first time, Oman's experience in tobacco control by providing a descriptive analysis of the evolution of tobacco control policies in relation to the country's international obligations...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028461/an-integrative-systematic-revision-and-biogeography-of-rhynchocalamus-snakes-reptilia-colubridae-with-a-description-of-a-new-species-from-israel
#11
Karin Tamar, Jiří Šmíd, Bayram Göçmen, Shai Meiri, Salvador Carranza
BACKGROUND: The colubrid snakes of the genus Rhynchocalamus are seldom studied and knowledge of their ecology and life history is scarce. Three species of Rhynchocalamus are currently recognized, R. satunini (from Turkey eastwards to Iran), R. arabicus (Yemen and Oman), and R. melanocephalus (from the Sinai Peninsula northwards to Turkey). All are slender, secretive, mainly nocturnal and rare fossorial snakes. This comprehensive study is the first to sample all known Rhynchocalamus species in order to review the intra-generic phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of the genus...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007386/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-pollution-in-the-surface-water-and-sediments-of-chabahar-bay-oman-sea
#12
Homira Agah, Ali Mehdinia, Kazem Darvish Bastami, Shirin Rahmanpour
In the present study, the concentrations and distribution of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the water and surface sediments from the Chabahar Bay, Oman Sea, were investigated in May (premonsoon) and December (postmonsoon) 2012. The concentrations of PAHs in the surface water samples ranged from 1.7 to 2.8ngl(-1) and from 0.04 to 59.6ngl(-1) in pre- and postmonsoon, respectively. In general, the PAH levels of the water samples from Chabahar Bay were higher in postmonsoon than in premonsoon (p<0...
December 19, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003908/rickettsial-infection-diagnosed-in-a-clinical-context-in-oman
#13
Mohamed A El-Naggari, Ahmed Idris, Zakariya Al-Muharrmi, Ibtisam El-Nour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003905/coexistence-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-three-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-case-reports-and-review-of-literature
#14
Amna Al-Futaisi, Ahmed Idris, Abeer Al-Sayegh, Watfa S Al-Mamari
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multisystem neurocutaneous disorder inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and characterised by benign tumours in the brain and other vital organs such as the heart, eyes, kidneys, skin and lungs. Links between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and TSC have been postulated for many decades, with TSC considered to be one of the main syndromic causes of ASD; however, precise confirmation of a relationship between these two disorders required validated diagnostic tools. Fortunately, accurate evaluation of this relationship is now possible with standardised criteria for ASD diagnosis...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003903/transcatheter-closure-of-ruptured-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm-report-of-two-cases
#15
Khalfan S Al-Senaidi, Abdullah Al-Farqani, Madan Maddali, Salim Al-Maskary
A ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (RSVA) is a rare cardiac anomaly. Traditionally, RSVAs were repaired surgically; however, percutaneous transcatheter closure is the current treatment of choice. We report two cases of RSVA which were closed using this approach. The first case was a 45-year-old female who presented to the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2014 with a RSVA in the right ventricle. The second case was a 39-year-old male who was admitted to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, in 2015 with a large multifenestrated RSVA extending into the right ventricle outflow tract...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003902/missed-gastric-injuries-in-blunt-abdominal-trauma-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#16
Ahmed A Naiem, Kadhim M Taqi, Badriya H Al-Kendi, Hani Al-Qadhi
Hollow viscus injuries of the digestive tract are an uncommon occurrence in blunt abdominal trauma. We report a 39-year-old male who was hit by a vehicle as a pedestrian and admitted to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015. He underwent an exploratory laparotomy which revealed injuries to the distal stomach, liver and descending colon. Postoperatively, the patient was febrile, tachycardic and hypotensive. Abdominal examination revealed distention and tenderness. The next day, a repeat laparotomy identified a gastric injury which had not been diagnosed during the initial laparotomy...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003901/bilateral-anterior-ischaemic-optic-neuropathy-in-a-child-on-continuous-peritoneal-dialysis-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Abdullah Al-Kaabi, Agha S Haider, Mohammed O Shafeeq, Mohammed A El-Naggari, Ibtisam El-Nour, Anuradha Ganesh
Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is a serious complication of continuous peritoneal dialysis (CPD) which can lead to poor vision and blindness. We report a five-year-old girl who had undergone a bilateral nephrectomy at the age of one year and was on home CPD. She was referred to the Paediatric Ophthalmology Unit of Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2013 with acute bilateral vision loss, preceded by a three-day history of poor oral intake. At presentation, the patient had severe systemic hypotension...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003900/relapse-of-multiple-myeloma-presenting-as-lower-lip-numbness
#18
Yusra M Al-Riyami, Abdulaziz Bakathir, Khalil Al-Farsi, Faisal Al-Azri
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an uncommon malignancy characterised by the proliferation of clonal plasma cells. There are few published reports describing the extramedullary presentation of MM manifesting primarily in the head and neck region. In addition, the occurrence of an isolated relapse of MM in these sites is exceedingly rare. We report a 56-year-old female who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2010 with sudden-onset numbness of the lower lip. She had a history of MM in remission following chemotherapy and a bone marrow transplant...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003899/dental-and-anaesthetic-challenges-in-a-patient-with-dystrophic-epidermolysis-bullosa
#19
Ali Al-Abadi, Salah A Al-Azri, Abdulaziz Bakathir, Yusra Al-Riyami
Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of rare genetic disorders characterised by skin and mucous membrane fragility and systemic manifestations of variable severity. We report a case of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in an 18-year-old male patient who presented to the Department of Oral Health at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2015 with recurrent dental pain and infections. Due to the poor dental status of the patient and anticipated operative difficulties due to microstomia and limited mouth opening, the patient underwent full dental clearance under general anaesthesia...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003897/use-of-prescription-drugs-and-investigations-by-doctors-in-primary-care-settings-in-oman-and-the-uk
#20
Robin Davidson
OBJECTIVES: This audit aimed to investigate the use of prescription drugs and investigations by trainee doctors in primary care settings in Oman and the UK. METHODS: This audit took place between February and April 2015. The medical records of consecutive patients seen by five family medicine trainee doctors at a primary care setting in Oman were retrospectively reviewed. These data were compared to those gathered from two trainees at a general practice clinic in the UK as well as an experienced general practitioner (GP) who had practiced in both countries...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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