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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651147/desalinated-drinking-water-in-the-gcc-countries-the-need-to-address-consumer-perceptions
#1
Basem Shomar, Jalal Hawari
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. These countries depend mainly on seawater desalination to meet their water needs. Although great emphasis is given to characterize desalinated water for its physicochemical and microbial properties, e.g. presence of metals, other organic contaminants and for bacteria, sensorial characteristics including smell, taste and color have not received the same attention. This is possibly attributed to the fact that inhabitants of GCC States do not use desalinated tap water for drinking consumption, rather they depend on locally produced or imported bottled water where color, taste and odor are not problematic...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648947/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-the-sultanate-of-oman
#2
REVIEW
Murtadha Al-Khabori, Mohammed Al-Huneini
The Sultanate of Oman is one of the Arabian Gulf countries with a total population of 4,414,051 as of mid 2016, of which 2,427,825 are Omanis. The gross national income per capita was 7327.7 RO (Omani rial; equivalent to US$19,033) in 2014. There are two hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) centers in Oman: the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH; allogeneic and autologous) and the Royal Hospital (RH; autologous). HSCT activity in Oman started in 1995 at the SQUH center, which had only one bed, and four cases were performed in that year...
June 17, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635260/development-validation-and-inter-laboratory-evaluation-of-a-quantitative-multiplexing-method-to-assess-levels-of-ten-endogenous-allergens-in-soybean-seed-and-its-application-to-field-trials-spanning-three-growing-seasons
#3
Ryan Christopher Hill, Trent J Oman, Xiujuan Wang, Guomin Shan, Barry Schafer, Rod A Herman, Rowel Tobias, Jeff Shippar, Bhaskar Malayappan, Li Sheng, Austin Xu, Jason Bradshaw
As part of the regulatory approval process in Europe, comparison of endogenous soybean allergen levels between genetically engineered (GE) and non-GE plants has been requested. A quantitative multiplex analytical method using tandem mass spectrometry has been developed and validated to measure ten potential soybean allergens from soybean seed. The analytical method was implemented at six laboratories to demonstrate the robustness of the method and further applied to three soybean field studies across multiple growing seasons (including 21 non-GE soybean varieties) to assess the natural variation of allergen levels...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632794/migrants-healthy-worker-effect-and-mortality-trends-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#4
Karima Chaabna, Sohaila Cheema, Ravinder Mamtani
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries namely, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Saudi Arabia, have experienced unique demographic changes. The major population growth contributor in these countries is young migrants, which has led to a shift in the population age pyramid. Migrants constitute the vast proportion of GCC countries' population reaching >80% in Qatar and UAE. Using Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015) and United Nations data, for the GCC countries, we assessed the association between age-standardized mortality and population size trends with linear and polynomial regressions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631031/metals-in-blood-and-eggs-of-green-sea-turtles-chelonia-mydas-from-nesting-colonies-of-the-northern-coast-of-the-sea-of-oman
#5
Mahmood Sinaei, Mehdi Bolouki
The green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) has been a species of global concern for decades. In this study, heavy metals (mercury: Hg; Cadmium: Cd; Lead: Pb; Copper: Cu; and Zinc: Zn) were measured in blood and three egg fraction of green sea turtles nesting on the northern coast of Sea of Oman. Heavy metals concentrations in blood, yolk, albumen, and egg shell ranged between 0.16-36.78, 0.006-33.88, 0.003-4.02, and 0.002-6.85 μg/g (ww), respectively. According to the results, all heavy metals found in blood samples (n = 12) also were detected in the various parts of the eggs (n = 48)...
June 19, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628438/haemophilus-influenzae-type-a-meningitis-in-immunocompetent-child-oman-2015
#6
Kiran P Sawardekar
Meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) was eliminated in Oman after the introduction of Hib vaccine in 2001. However, a case of H. influenzae type a meningitis was diagnosed in a child from Oman in 2015, which highlights the need to monitor the incidence of invasive non-Hib H. influenzae disease.
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623857/vincristine-induced-neuropathy-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-oman-frequent-autonomic-and-more-severe-cranial-nerve-involvement
#7
Hanan F Nazir, Amna AlFutaisi, Mathew Zacharia, Mohamed Elshinawy, Surekha T Mevada, Abdulhakim Alrawas, Doaa Khater, Deepali Jaju, Yasser Wali
BACKGROUND: Vincristine (VCR) induced peripheral neuropathy is a common complication in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PROCEDURES: A retrospective data analysis over an interval of 10 years (2006-2016) of all children with ALL seen at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital was carried out. Electronic medical records of eligible patients were reviewed. Patients with clinical evidence of neuropathy and abnormal nerve conduction studies (NCSs) were included in the study...
June 17, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619626/assessment-of-heavy-metal-and-petroleum-hydrocarbon-contamination-in-the-sultanate-of-oman-with-emphasis-on-harbours-marinas-terminals-and-ports
#8
Barry P Jupp, Scott W Fowler, Sergey Dobretsov, Henk van der Wiele, Ahmed Al-Ghafri
The assessment here includes data on levels of contaminants (petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals) in sediments and biomonitor organisms, including the eulittoral rock oyster Saccostrea cucullata and subtidal biomonitors, the barnacle Balanus trigonus and the antipatharian coral Antipathes sp., at harbours, marinas, terminals and large ports along the coastline of Oman. TBT levels in harbour and port sediments up to a maximum of 100ppb TBT dry weight are highlighted. Oysters contained concentrations up to 367ppm mg TPH/kg dry weight...
June 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616769/prospective-associations-among-youth-religiosity-and-religious-denomination-and-youth-contraception-use
#9
Jennifer Green, Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Marshall K Cheney, Leslie Carroll
This study prospectively investigates associations among youth religiosity, religious denomination, and contraception use. Associations between youth religiosity and religious denomination, and type of contraceptive used and consistent contraceptive use among sexually active youth (N = 757) were analyzed using multinomial and binomial logistic regression. Identifying with a religious denomination was a predictor of dual contraceptive use relative to using no method of contraception (AOR = 2.17). There was no association between youth religiosity and type of contraceptive use or contraceptive consistency...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610247/review-of-the-genus-i-bythonia-i-oman-1936-with-description-of-a-new-species-and-new-record-from-venezuela-hemiptera-cicadellidae-iassinae
#10
Marco A Gaiani
Bythonia freytagi sp. nov. is diagnosed and described from northern Venezuela. Bythonia rugosa is recorded for the first time in Venezuela from the southern state of Amazonas. The presence of both species of Bythonia in Venezuela represent the first occurrences of this genus north of the Equator. Comments on the relationships of the described species are made and two species groups are proposed. A checklist and key to the known species of the genus are provided.
June 6, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610188/revision-of-the-south-american-grassland-leafhopper-genus-i-cortona-i-oman-hemiptera-cicadellidae-deltocephalinae-deltocephalini-with-description-of-four-new-species-from-argentina
#11
Yani Duan, Christopher H Dietrich, Yalin Zhang
The South American leafhopper genus Cortona is moved from Macrostelini to Deltocephalini and is reviewed. Its type species and four new species, C. catanachae sp. n., C. concordica sp. n., C. otamendiensis sp. n., and C. silvai sp. n., are illustrated and described from Argentina. A checklist and a key to species are provided.
March 10, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610132/nereididae-annelida-phyllodocida-of-the-persian-gulf-and-gulf-of-oman-including-description-of-two-new-species-and-11-new-records
#12
Alieh Bonyadi-Naeini, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Christopher J Glasby, Hassan Rahimian
Currently, only 31 nereidid species are known from the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. The present study was carried out in order to investigate the poorly known diversity of nereidid polychaetes from seas of the southern coasts of Iran. Specimens were collected from 23 locations along the intertidal zones of the two water bodies. Among the 26 species found: two are new, and are described here, including Simplisetia qeshmensis sp. nov. and Neanthes biparagnatha sp. nov.; 11 are new geographical records. Neanthes biparagnatha sp...
March 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609919/revision-of-the-genus-i-adelostoma-i-coleoptera-tenebrionidae-part-2-a-new-subgenus-and-species-from-oman
#13
Luboš Purchart
A new species Adelostoma muqalensis sp. nov. is described from Oman, figured and compared with its relatives. The new species is placed in a new monotypic subgenus, Omandelostoma subgen. nov. An identification key for subgenera of the genus Adelostoma is given.
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591166/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-on-reducing-anaemia-and-stunting-in-refugee-populations-in-the-horn-of-africa-secondary-data-analysis
#14
Sarah Style, Melody Tondeur, Carlos Grijalva-Eternod, Josephine Pringle, Ismail Kassim, Caroline Wilkinson, Allison Oman, Carmel Dolan, Paul Spiegel, Andrew Seal
Stunting and micronutrient malnutrition are persistent public health problems in refugee populations. UNHCR and its partner organisations implement blanket supplementary feeding programmes using a range of special nutritional products as one approach to address these issues. The evidence base for the efficacy and effectiveness of a small quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement, Nutributter®, in reducing stunting and anaemia is limited. Secondary data analysis was used to assess the effectiveness of Nutributter® distribution on anaemia and stunting in children aged 6-23 months (programme target group) and 6-59 months (the standard age group sampled in routine nutrition surveys)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584610/the-usefulness-of-nap-sleep-recording-during-routine-electroencephalography-an-audit-study
#15
Sami Farah Al-Rawas, Khidir M Abdelbasit, Huda Hussain Al-Lawati, Rajesh Poothrikovil, Amal Khalfan Al-Rawahi, Abdul Aleem Khan, Robert Shane Delamont
OBJECTIVES: A measure to increase the electroencephalogram (EEG) outcome includes a short period of nap sleep during a routine standard EEG with the aim of increasing its sensitivity to interictal abnormalities or provoking seizures. As part of an ongoing auditing of our EEG data, we aimed to investigate the contribution of nap sleep during routine outpatient department based EEGs requested for a variety of reasons. METHODS: EEG data at the Department of Clinical Physiology at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, from July 2006 to December 2007 and from January 2009 to December 2010 (total 42 months) were reviewed...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584609/culture-specific-pathogenicity-of-dhat-semen-loss-syndrome-in-an-arab-islamic-society-oman
#16
Aida Saihi MacFarland, Mohammed Al-Maashani, Qassim Al Busaidi, Aziz Al-Naamani, May El-Bouri, Samir Al-Adawi
A number of reports from different parts of the world have challenged the assumption that Dhat syndrome is confined to populations in and around the Indian subcontinent. This single case study reports an Omani with features typical of Dhat syndrome. Psychometric measures showed elevated scores on indices of hypochondriasis, psychasthenia, and gender role development as defined in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. He rated adequately in measures assessing cognitive and executive functioning. Implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy, concurrent with a successful marriage proposal, resulted in a gradual resolution of the symptoms...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584603/a-hypothetical-model-to-predict-the-potential-impact-of-government-and-management-support-in-implementing-integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-practices
#17
Fannah Al Fannah Al Araimi
OBJECTIVES: Despite broad adoption and implementation of Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) in more than 100 countries, childhood mortality and morbidity rates continue to prevail. This calls for further investigation to identify the factors that prevent actual application of IMCI-recommended clinical practices. This study tests a hypothetical structural model to investigate potential role of government and healthcare policymakers on improving implementation and application of IMCI-recommended practices in clinical setting...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584600/perception-of-preparedness-for-clinical-work-among-new-residents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-oman
#18
Hamed Al Sinawi, Mohammed Al Alawi, Ali Al Qubtan, Jaber Al Lawati, Assad Al Habsi, Sachin Jose
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate new residents' perceptions of their own preparedness for clinical practice and examine the associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on August 20-23, 2016. New residents accepted for postgraduate training by Oman Medical Specialty Board were asked to complete the Preparation for Hospital Practice Questionnaire (PHPQ). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 22. RESULTS: A total of 160 residents were invited to participate in this study...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584598/impact-of-aberrant-myeloid-antigen-expression-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-t-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#19
Mohamed Al-Zaabi, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Naglaa Fawaz, Sulayma Al-Lamki, Arwa Al-Riyami, Mohammed Al-Huneini, Muhanna Al-Muslahi, Salam Alkindi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of myeloid antigen expression on complete remission (CR), event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) in patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) treated with intensive chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients diagnosed with T-ALL and treated in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital and Royal Hospital in Oman between 2004 and 2010. The diagnosis of T-ALL was established using French-American-British classification or World Health Organization criteria...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584597/writing-a-research-proposal-to-the-research-council-of-oman
#20
REVIEW
Ahmed Al-Shukaili, Abdullah Al-Maniri
Writing a research proposal can be a challenging task for young researchers. This article explains how to write a strong research proposal to apply for funding, specifically, a proposal for The Research Council (TRC) of Oman. Three different research proposal application forms are currently used in TRC, including Open Research Grant (ORG), Graduate Research Support Program (GRSP), and Faculty-mentored Undergraduate Research Award Program (FURAP). The application forms are filled and submitted electronically on TRC website...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
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