Read by QxMD icon Read


Ahmed Almashrafi, Laura Vanderbloemen
BACKGROUND: Postoperative adverse events are known to increase length of stay and cost. However, research on how adverse events affect patient flow and operational performance has been relatively limited to date. Moreover, there is paucity of studies on the use of simulation in understanding the effect of complications on care processes and resources. In hospitals with scarcity of resources, postoperative complications can exert a substantial influence on hospital throughputs. METHODS: This paper describes an evaluation method for assessing the effect of complications on patient flow within a cardiac surgical department...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
B Jayakrishnan, Nasser Al-Busaidi, Ahsan Al-Lawati, Jojy George, Omar A Al-Rawas, Yaqoub Al-Mahrouqi, Nabil Al-Lawati
BACKGROUND: Though clinical features of sarcoidosis follow a similar pattern, some heterogeneity is seen in different ethnic and racial groups. OBJECTIVES: To describe for the first time the clinical characteristics of sarcoidosis patients in the Sultanate of Oman. METHODS: The data on all cases of sarcoidosis followed up in the two tertiary hospitals in Oman were retrieved retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the 92 patients, for representing the ethnic data only Omani patients (n=83) were included...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Shaikha Y Al-Abadi, Abdullah M Al-Sadi, Matthew Dickinson, Mohammed S Al-Hammadi, Rashid Al-Shariqi, Rashid A Al-Yahyai, Elham A Kazerooni, Assunta Bertaccini
Witches' broom disease of lime (WBDL) is a serious phytoplasma disease of acid lime in Oman, the UAE and Iran. Despite efforts to study it, no systemic study attempted to characterize the relationship among the associated phytoplasma, 'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia', from the three countries. This study utilized sequences of the 16S rRNA, imp and secA genes to characterize 57 strains collected from Oman (38), the UAE (9) and Iran (10). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene showed that the 57 strains shared 98...
2016: SpringerPlus
Amar Salam, Kadhim Sulaiman, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Alawi Alsheikh-Ali, Mohammed Aljaraallah, Husam Al Faleh, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Prasanth Panduranga, Rajvir Singh, Charbel Abi Khalil, Jassim Al Suwaidi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to report prevalence, clinical characteristics, precipitating factors, management and outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) in seven Middle Eastern countries and compare them to non-CAD patients. METHODS: Data were derived from Gulf CARE (Gulf aCute heArt failuRe rEgistry), a prospective multicenter study of 5005 consecutive patients hospitalized with acute HF during February-November 2012 in 7 Middle Eastern countries...
October 13, 2016: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
Hasan Awad Aljohi, Wanfei Liu, Qiang Lin, Yuhui Zhao, Jingyao Zeng, Ali Alamer, Ibrahim O Alanazi, Abdullah O Alawad, Abdullah M Al-Sadi, Songnian Hu, Jun Yu
Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.), a member of the palm family (Arecaceae), is one of the most economically important crops in tropics, serving as an important source of food, drink, fuel, medicine, and construction material. Here we report an assembly of the coconut (C. nucifera, Oman local Tall cultivar) mitochondrial (mt) genome based on next-generation sequencing data. This genome, 678,653bp in length and 45.5% in GC content, encodes 72 proteins, 9 pseudogenes, 23 tRNAs, and 3 ribosomal RNAs. Within the assembly, we find that the chloroplast (cp) derived regions account for 5...
2016: PloS One
Flavia Palombo, Nadia Al-Wardy, Guido Alberto Gnecchi Ruscone, Manuela Oppo, Mohammed Nasser Al Kindi, Andrea Angius, Khalsa Al Lamki, Giorgia Girotto, Tania Giangregorio, Matteo Benelli, Alberto Magi, Marco Seri, Paolo Gasparini, Francesco Cucca, Marco Sazzini, Mazin Al Khabori, Tommaso Pippucci, Giovanni Romeo
The increased risk for autosomal recessive disorders is one of the most well-known medical implications of consanguinity. In the Sultanate of Oman, a country characterized by one of the highest rates of consanguineous marriages worldwide, prevalence of genetic hearing loss (GHL) is estimated to be 6/10 000. Families of GHL patients have higher consanguinity rates than the general Omani population, indicating a major role for recessive forms. Mutations in GJB2, the most commonly mutated GHL gene, have been sporadically described...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
Suad Jaffer Al-Lawati, Mushtaque Ahmed, Malik Al-Wardy, Ahmed Al-Busaidi, B S Choudri
It is well recognized that management of wastewater and sludge is a critical environmental issue in many countries. Wastewater treatment and the sludge production take place under different technical, economic and social contexts, thus requiring different approaches and involving different solutions. In most of cases, a regular and environmentally safe wastewater treatment and associated sludge management requires the development of realistic and enforceable regulations as well as treatment systems appropriate to local circumstances...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Ahmed Al-Mandhari, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Samir Al-Adawi, Samra Al-Barwani, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan
BACKGROUND: The pressing need to reduce burgeoning poor safety measures affecting millions worldwide has alerted World Health Assembly to set-up mechanisms to increase patient safety. In response to such needs, World Health Organization (WHO) formulated nine life-saving patient safety solutions that would be essential to lower reduce healthcare-related harm. There is a paucity of research examining awareness of such nine patient safety solutions. This study has been designed and conducted to compare self-estimated awareness and practice of the World Health Organization's nine "Life-saving Patient Safety Solutions" aide memoirs among different groups of healthcare workers in Oman...
September 30, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Salem Al-Tamemi, Shafiq Ur Rehman Naseem, Nabila Al-Siyabi, Ibtisam El-Nour, Abdulhakim Al-Rawas, David Dennison
PURPOSE: Primary immunodeficiency (PID) diseases are rare, complex medical disorders that often are overlooked in clinical settings. There are emerging reports of PID from Middle Eastern populations. This study describes the features of PID patients in a tertiary care setting in Oman and compares them with regional and worldwide reports. METHOD: Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) is an academic tertiary care-level hospital for specialized healthcare, including PID patients...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Wafa Al Nasser, Aiman El-Saed, Amina Al-Jardani, Abdulhakeem Althaqafi, Huda Alansari, Jameela Alsalman, Zaina Al Maskari, Ayman El Gammal, Seif S Al-Abri, Hanan H Balkhy
BACKGROUND: The true burden of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) remains largely unknown because of a lack of national and regional surveillance reports in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The purpose of this study was to estimate location-specific CAUTI rates in the GCC region and to compare them with published reports from the U.S. National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) and the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC). METHODS: CAUTI rates and urinary catheter utilization between 2008 and 2013 were calculated using NHSN methodology pooled from 6 hospitals in 3 GCC countries: Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Bahrain...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Mohammed Al Azri, Hamed Al Reesi, Samir Al-Adawi, Abdullah Al Maniri, James Freeman
OBJECTIVE: Drivers' behaviors such as violations and errors have been demonstrated to predict crash involvement among young Omani drivers. However, there is a dearth of studies linking risky driving behaviors to the personality of young drivers. The aim of the present study was to assess such traits within a sample of young Omani drivers (as measured through the behavioral inhibition system, BIS, and the behavioral activation system, BAS) and determine links with aberrant driving behaviors and self-reported crash involvement...
September 30, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Abdul Latif Mahesar, Saeed Ahmed Sheikh, Kamran Sattar, Ishfaq A Bukhari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the research progress of Gulf Cooperation Council countries in science and social sciences. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from June 2014 to February 2015.All research documents related to the 1996-2013 period having an affiliation with Gulf Cooperation Council countries, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman, were tracked...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Nadia M Al-Wardy, Mohammed N Al-Kindi, Mazin J Al-Khabouri, Yahya Tamimi, Guy Van Camp
OBJECTIVES: To identify genetic defects in an Omani family diagnosed with deafness.  METHODS: A cross-sectional association study was conducted at the Department of Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Al-Khoud, Oman and the Centre of Medical Genetics, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium between August 2010 and September 2014. Microsatellites markers for nine non-syndromic genes were used to genotype the defective locus using the extracted DNA from family members...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Martin Oman Evans Ii, Brad Starley, Jack Carl Galagan, Joseph Michael Yabes, Sara Evans, Joseph John Salama
Background and Aims. Studies have shown effects of diet on gut microbiota. We aimed to identify foods associated with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Methods. In this cross-sectional survey, consecutive patients diagnosed with CDI were identified by electronic medical records. Colitis symptoms and positive Clostridium difficile assay were confirmed. Health-care onset-health-care facility associated CDI was excluded. Food surveys were mailed to 411 patients. Survey responses served as the primary outcome measure...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
A A Hussein, A A Hamidieh, A Elhaddad, M Ramzi, T B Othman, F Hussain, D Dennison, P Ahmed, M Abboud, A Al-Ahmari, A Wahadneh, J Fathy, M-A Bekadja, S Al-Kindi, S Benchekroun, A Ibrahim, M Behfar, M Samra, S Ladeb, S Adil, H El-Solh, M Ayas, M Aljurf, A Ghavamzadeh, A Al-Seraihy
To describe the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) activities for children in the Eastern Mediterranean (EM) region, data on transplants performed for children less than 18 years of age between 1984 and 2011 in eight EM countries (Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia) were collected. A total of 5187 transplants were performed, of which 4513 (87%) were allogeneic and 674 (13%) were autologous. Overall, the indications for transplantation were malignant diseases in 1736 (38...
September 12, 2016: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Robert Gary Lyon, Matthias F Geiger, Jörg Freyhof
Garra sindhi, new species, is described from Wadi Andhur in the Dhofar province of the Sultanate of Oman. It is closely related to G. dunsirei and G. smarti, two other species from the same Omani province. It differs from these species by the following combination of characters: breast covered by scales, a shallow hump on back, eyes normally developed and 8-12 gill rakers on the lower limb of the first gill arch.
2016: Zootaxa
Peter R Last, Sergey V Bogorodsky, Tilman J Alpermann
A new whipray, Maculabatis ambigua sp. nov., described from material collected from the Red Sea and off Zanzibar (Tanzania), is probably more widespread in the northwestern Indian Ocean. It has been confused with other Indian Ocean whiprays of the genus Maculabatis (formerly Himantura in part) i.e. M. gerrardi and M. randalli. Maculabatis ambigua sp. nov. was first distinguished from these species by molecular analysis, and subsequently by a combination of morphological characters, i.e. disc shape, coloration, morphometrics and squamation...
2016: Zootaxa
João P Maia, D James Harris, Salvador Carranza, Elena Goméz-Díaz
Understanding the processes that shape parasite diversification, their distribution and abundance provides valuable information on the dynamics and evolution of disease. In this study, we assessed the diversity, distribution, host-specificity and infection patterns of apicomplexan parasites in amphibians and reptiles from Oman, Arabia. Using a quantitative PCR approach we detected three apicomplexan parasites (haemogregarines, lankesterellids and sarcocystids). A total of 13 haemogregarine haplotypes were identified, which fell into four main clades in a phylogenetic framework...
November 2016: Parasitology
Nazreen B K Jaman, Abeer Al-Sayegh
Congenital contractural arachnodactyly, commonly known as Beal's syndrome, is an extremely rare genetic disorder caused by mutations in the fibrillin-2 (FBN2) gene located on chromosome 5q23. It is an autosomal dominant inherited connective tissue disorder characterised by a Marfan-like body habitus, contractures, abnormally shaped ears and kyphoscoliosis. We report a seven-year-old Omani male who presented to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, in 2014 with seizures. He was noted to have certain distinctive facial features and musculoskeletal manifestations; he was subsequently diagnosed with Beal's syndrome...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Saif A Khan, Dawood Al-Riyami, Yasser W Al-Mula Abed, Saja Mohammed, Marwa Al-Riyami, Nabil M Al-Lawati
Antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR) jeopardises short- and long-term transplant survival and remains a challenge in the field of organ transplantation. We report the first use of the anticomplement agent eculizumab in Oman in the treatment of a 61-year-old female patient with ABMR following a living unrelated kidney transplant. The patient was admitted to the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Muscat, Oman, in 2013 on the eighth day post-transplantation with serum creatinine (Cr) levels of 400 µmol/L which continued to rise, necessitating haemodialysis...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"