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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526992/epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-emt-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-in-omani-women
#1
Ritu Lakhtakia, Adil Aljarrah, Muhammad Furrukh, Shyam S Ganguly
Breast cancer (BC) in Oman affects younger women and has a more aggressive course. Clinical and biological variables like age, pregnancy, tumor size, type, grade, receptor expression and proliferation predict disease aggression but there is no direct predictor of metastasis except lymphovascular invasion. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is characterized by epithelial cells losing epithelial and acquiring mesenchymal morpho-immunophenotypic characteristics. In tumors, EMT-like transitions may signify a metastatic phenotype and have features in common with cancer stem cells (CSC) which show resistance to chemotherapy...
May 19, 2017: Cancer Microenvironment: Official Journal of the International Cancer Microenvironment Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521907/chronic-diseases-in-cats-from-the-medieval-site-of-qalh%C3%A3-t-oman
#2
Hervé Monchot, Claude Guintard
Paleopathological information observed in cats (Felis catus, L. 1758) is rarely described in zooarcheological assemblages. This article is intended to present different bone diseases (infections, degenerative and traumatic lesions) affecting several bones (i.e. femur, hip bone, skull, etc.) of at least two cats from the medieval harbor site of Qalhât (Oman) and to inform us about the health status of these felines.
June 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518037/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-in-migrant-worker-returning-from-oman-to-india-2016
#3
Pragya D Yadav, Sachin Thacker, Deepak Y Patil, Rajlaxmi Jain, Devendra T Mourya
In January 2016, a migrant worker who returned home to India after becoming ill in Oman was confirmed to have Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Physicians should include CCHF in the differential diagnosis for patients with hemorrhagic signs and a history of recent travel to any area where CCHF is endemic or prevalent.
June 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507420/some-hematological-and-biochemical-parameters-of-different-goat-breeds-in-sultanate-of-oman-a-preliminary-study
#4
Shahab Al-Bulushi, Turke Shawaf, Afaf Al-Hasani
AIM: In Sultanate of Oman, goats are considered as one of the most important livestock in which there are many breeds of goat such as Batinah, Jabali, Dhofari, Jabal Al-Akhdar, Sahrawi, and Sahrawi Musandam. Little hematological and biochemical information is known on Omani goat breeds; therefore, the main purpose of this study was to determine reference baseline data regarding hematological and biochemical values of different Omani goat breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 healthy animals of different Omani goat breeds (Jabali, Jabal Al-Akhdar, Sahrawi, and Sahrawi Musandam) were selected randomly from different areas in Sultanate of Oman...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499739/diatom-communities-on-commercial-biocidal-fouling-control-coatings-after-one-year-of-immersion-in-the-marine-environment
#5
Thirumahal Muthukrishnan, Sergey Dobretsov, Mario De Stefano, Raeid M M Abed, Barry Kidd, Alistair A Finnie
Little is known about the effect of commercial biocidal fouling control coatings on fouling diatom communities and their growth forms after long periods of exposure in the marine tropical environment. The current study investigated the abundance and composition of fouling diatom communities developed on 11 commercially available biocidal antifouling coatings, covering the three main technology types in recent historic use (Self-Polishing Copolymers, Self-Polishing Hybrid and Controlled Depletion Polymers) after one year of static immersion at two locations in Muscat, Oman (Marina Shangri La and Marina Bandar Rowdha)...
May 4, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498765/courses-in-religion-and-public-health
#6
Ellen Idler, Doug Oman, Mimi Kiser, Carol Hogue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493181/assessment-of-hydrogen-sulfide-emission-from-a-sewage-treatment-plant-using-aermod
#7
Mahad Baawain, Abdullah Al-Mamun, Hamid Omidvarborna, Abdullah Al-Jabri
Air quality modeling plays an important role in prediction of air pollutants in urban areas. Moreover, it is also an essential component to make crucial decisions in environmental management. In this study, environmental protection agency (EPA) regulatory model (AERMOD) was implemented in order to assess the urban air quality in the city of Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Dispersion modeling was employed for the prediction of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) emissions, a neighborhood claimed issue, from Al-Ansab sewage treatment plant (STP)...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483959/gepotidacin-gsk2140944-in-vitro-activity-against-gram-positive-and-gram-negative-bacteria-mbc-mic-kill-kinetics-checkerboard-pae-sme-tests
#8
R K Flamm, D J Farrell, P R Rhomberg, N E Scangarella-Oman, H S Sader
Gepotidacin is a first in class, novel triazaacenaphthylene antibiotic that inhibits bacterial DNA replication and has in vitro activity against susceptible and drug-resistant pathogens. Reference in vitro methods were used to investigate the minimum inhibitory (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) activity of gepotidacin and comparator agents against Staphylococcus aureusStreptococcus pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. Gepotidacin in vitro activity was also evaluated using time-kill kinetics, broth microdilution checkerboard methods for synergy testing, and for postantibiotic and subinhibitory effects...
May 8, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474932/mass-discrepancy-acceleration-relation-a-natural-outcome-of-galaxy-formation-in-cold-dark-matter-halos
#9
Aaron D Ludlow, Alejandro Benítez-Llambay, Matthieu Schaller, Tom Theuns, Carlos S Frenk, Richard Bower, Joop Schaye, Robert A Crain, Julio F Navarro, Azadeh Fattahi, Kyle A Oman
We analyze the total and baryonic acceleration profiles of a set of well-resolved galaxies identified in the eagle suite of hydrodynamic simulations. Our runs start from the same initial conditions but adopt different prescriptions for unresolved stellar and active galactic nuclei feedback, resulting in diverse populations of galaxies by the present day. Some of them reproduce observed galaxy scaling relations, while others do not. However, regardless of the feedback implementation, all of our galaxies follow closely a simple relationship between the total and baryonic acceleration profiles, consistent with recent observations of rotationally supported galaxies...
April 21, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469185/volcanic-influence-on-centennial-to-millennial-holocene-greenland-temperature-change
#10
Takuro Kobashi, Laurie Menviel, Aurich Jeltsch-Thömmes, Bo M Vinther, Jason E Box, Raimund Muscheler, Toshiyuki Nakaegawa, Patrik L Pfister, Michael Döring, Markus Leuenberger, Heinz Wanner, Atsumu Ohmura
Solar variability has been hypothesized to be a major driver of North Atlantic millennial-scale climate variations through the Holocene along with orbitally induced insolation change. However, another important climate driver, volcanic forcing has generally been underestimated prior to the past 2,500 years partly owing to the lack of proper proxy temperature records. Here, we reconstruct seasonally unbiased and physically constrained Greenland Summit temperatures over the Holocene using argon and nitrogen isotopes within trapped air in a Greenland ice core (GISP2)...
May 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453339/the-painful-sacrifice-the-epidemiology-of-hand-injuries-during-the-holy-festivals-in-the-sultanate-of-oman-a-10-year-case-control-study
#11
Sultan Al-Shaqsi, Taimoor Al-Bulushi, Ayman Al-Salmi, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Ali Al-Lawatti
BACKGROUND: The human hand is an important functional and sensory organ. Its complex anatomy reflects its important functional capabilities. Many Muslim countries observe the holy festivals with a traditional sacrifice of an animal in order to share the meat (basic commodity) with beloved ones. During such festivals hand injuries have been reported to increase. This study aimed to compare cases and controls of hand injuries treated at the national trauma center in the Sultanate of Oman during a 10-year time period...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443821/two-new-species-of-tetragonocephalum-cestoda-lecanicephalidea-from-pastinachus-sephen-myliobatiformes-dasyatidae-from-the-gulf-of-oman
#12
Atabak Roohi Aminjan, Malek Masoumeh
In the present study two new species of Tetragonocephalum Shipley et Hornell, 1905, T. mackenziei sp. n. and T. kazemii sp. n., are described from the spiral intestine of the cowtail stingray, Pastinachus sephen (Forsskål), from the northern coast of the Gulf of Oman. Tetragonocephalum mackenziei is distinguished from the 16 other valid species of Tetragonocephalum by a unique combination of characteristics, i.e. sperm-filled seminal receptacle in immature proglottids, body length (7.7-17.5 mm), body width (213-288 µm), number of proglottids (34-49), number of testes (10-14), size of scolex (228-315 µm × 213-288 µm) and size of acetabula (56-73 µm × 61-75 µm)...
April 24, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439720/the-impact-of-oral-promethazine-on-human-whole-body-motion-perceptual-thresholds
#13
Ana Diaz-Artiles, Adrian J Priesol, Torin K Clark, David P Sherwood, Charles M Oman, Laurence R Young, Faisal Karmali
Despite the widespread treatment of motion sickness symptoms using drugs and the involvement of the vestibular system in motion sickness, little is known about the effects of anti-motion sickness drugs on vestibular perception. In particular, the impact of oral promethazine, widely used for treating motion sickness, on vestibular perceptual thresholds has not previously been quantified. We examined whether promethazine (25 mg) alters vestibular perceptual thresholds in a counterbalanced, double-blind, within-subject study...
April 24, 2017: Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology: JARO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439393/oman-medical-specialty-board-career-and-research-forum-2016-abstracts
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439379/injuries-violence-and-bullying-among-middle-school-students-in-oman
#15
Richard P Peyton, Shamika Ranasinghe, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: Injuries account for a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in adolescents globally. This paper describes injury rates and associated exposures, and risk behaviors in Oman's 2010 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS). METHODS: This study used complex samples analysis to examine nationally-representative data from 1 606 students in grades eight, nine, and 10 who participated in the 2010 Oman GSHS. RESULTS: In total, 34...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439378/oman-vision-2050-for-health-research-a-strategic-plan-for-the-future-based-on-the-past-and-present-experience
#16
REVIEW
Adhra Hilal Nasser Al Mawali, Ahmed Mohamed Al Qasmi, Sultana Mohamed Saif Al Sabahi, John Idikula, Mahmoud Attia Abd Elaty, Magdi Morsi, Ali Talib Al Hinai
Health care delivery in Oman has attained great heights since the modern renaissance in 1970. Although the health service had the main impetus all these years, the importance of health research began to take place by mid 1990's and is now gaining momentum as an important responsibility and activity of the Ministry of Health (MoH). Although there has been progressively increasing investment and commitment to research activities in the recent Five Year Plan for Health Development, it still lags behind in the quality and quantity of research output...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439377/mental-health-services-in-oman-the-need-for-more-cultural-relevance
#17
EDITORIAL
Samir Al-Adawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439207/incidence-and-perception-of-nursing-students-academic-incivility-in-oman
#18
Jansi Natarajan, Joshua Kanaabi Muliira, Jacoba van der Colff
BACKGROUND: The incidence of incivility in nursing education is increasing in most countries and it is affecting the culture of safety and the teaching-learning processes. Despite reports of increasing trends, little is known about nursing students' academic incivility in the Middle East. This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and extent of academic incivility among nursing students (NS) and nursing faculty members (NF) in a university based undergraduate nursing program in Oman...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436399/identification-of-patients-with-preeclampsia-from-normal-subjects-using-wavelet-based-spectral-analysis-of-heart-rate-variability
#19
A Hossen, A Barhoum, D Jaju, V Gowri, K Al-Hashmi, M O Hassan, L Al-Kharusi
BACKGROUND: The spectral analysis of the heart rate variability (HRV) shows a decrease in the power of the high frequency (HF) component in preeclamptic pregnancy compared with normal pregnancy; such a decrease is associated with an increase in the low frequency (LF) and the very low frequency (VLF) power. The physiological interpretation is that preeclamptic pregnancy is associated with a facilitation of sympathetic regulation and an attenuation of parasympathetic influence of HR compared with non-pregnancy and normal pregnancy...
April 14, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417045/a-turning-point-for-paediatric-developmental-services-in-oman-establishment-of-a-national-autism-screening-programme
#20
Watfa Al-Mamari, Ahmed B Idris, Muna Al-Jabri, Ahlam Abdelsattar, Fatma Al-Hinai, Moza Al-Hatmi, Amira Al-Raidan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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