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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792340/multidisciplinary-care-model-for-hiv-improves-treatment-outcome-a-single-centre-experience-from-the-middle-east
#1
Ali Elgalib, Halima Al-Sawafi, Bina Kamble, Saud Al-Harthy, Qamra Al-Sariri
Multidisciplinary team (MDT) care models have been shown to improve clinical outcomes among HIV patients. We aim to assess the impact of adopting MDT approach in a tertiary HIV clinic in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. We introduced MDT approach in our HIV centre in January 2016 where existing team members (counsellors, nurses, social workers, pharmacists and doctors) worked together, through care pathways, to support patients as they go through the HIV care continuum from diagnosis to viral suppression. Notes were reviewed for demographics and clinical data...
May 24, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790273/serological-cultural-and-molecular-evidence-of-brucella-melitensis-infection-in-goats-in-al-jabal-al-akhdar-sultanate-of-oman
#2
Yasmin ElTahir, Al Ghalya Al Toobi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Osman Mahgoub, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Hadi Al Lawati, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al Kharousi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina Al Busaidi, Eugene H Johnson
Brucellosis, one of the most common zoonotic diseases and has significant public health and economic importance worldwide. Few studies and reports have been performed to estimate the true prevalence of animal brucellosis in the Sultanate of Oman; however, no incidence of the disease was previously reported in Al Jabal Al Akhdar. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of brucellosis in goats in eight villages in Al Jebal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman, namely: Al Aqaieb, Al Helailat, Al Ghilayil, Hail Al Hedap, Da'an Al Hamra, Shnoot, Al Qasha'e and Al Sarah, Al Jabal Al Akhdar in the Sultanate of Oman...
May 23, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783175/hiv-viral-suppression-in-oman-encouraging-progress-toward-achieving-the-united-nations-third-90
#3
Ali Elgalib, Samir Shah, Zeyana Al-Habsi, Maha Al-Fouri, Halima Al-Sawafi, Jalila Al-Noumani, Adil Al-Baloushi, Saad Al-Alawi, Salma Al-Badi, Zainab Mohammed, Jokha Al-Ghafri, Asma Suleimani, Huda Al-Mashani, Jyothish Raju, Saada Al-Riyami, Muna Al-Shukri, Abdul Wahab, Bilal Hussain, Khalifa Al-Naabi, Anantha Narayan, Noreen Oliveros, George Prasad, Ahmed Hussein, Rajeev Kashyp, Khalid Al-Shardi, Ahmed Nada, Shakil Akhwand, Bina Kamble, Kawthar Al-Aamri, Suad Al-Mukhaini, Hanan Al-Kindi, Faryal Khamis, Amal Al-Maani, Idris Al-Abaidani, Seif Al-Abri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of capacity-building interventions introduced by the Oman National AIDS Programme on the quality of HIV care in the country. METHODS: HIV viral load (VL) suppression and loss to follow-up (LTFU) rates were calculated for the period before (in December 2015; n=1098) and after (in June 2017; n=1185) the introduction of the interventions: training, support, and care pathway development. Three HIV VL cuts-offs at last measurement in the year of interest were used to define VL suppression...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779847/effective-vaccine-management-and-oman-s-healthcare-system-s-challenge-to-maintain-high-global-standards
#4
Seif S Al-Abri, Bader Al-Rawahi, Doaa Abdelhady, Idris Al-Abaidani
The prevention of infection through vaccination has been among the most successful public health interventions. Nearly 2.5 million deaths per year globally are saved by immunization against vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) (WHO, 2013) [1]. Oman has experienced a sharp decline in VPDs over the last 40 years due to the introduction of new vaccines and the maintenance of high vaccination coverage of over 99%. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) launched the effective vaccine management (EVM) framework to assist countries to gauge the performance of their immunization supply chains...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777908/breast-cancer-in-the-gcc-countries-a-focus-on-brca1-2-and-non-brca1-2-genes
#5
REVIEW
Sumaya Rahman, Hatem Zayed
The GCC is an economic alliance of six Arab countries, including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE). The rate of endogamous marriage among the GCC countries is approaching 100%, with very high consanguineous marriage rates. Although breast cancer is on the rise in the GCC countries, there are dearth of studies reporting on the genetic epidemiology of breast cancer. In this study, we investigated the frequency of BRCA1/2 and non-BRCA1/2 mutations in breast cancer patients in the GCC countries...
May 16, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755807/assessing-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#6
Mohammadreza Masjedi, Elaheh Ainy, Faried Zayeri, Rogayeh Paydar
OBJECTIVES: This study conducted in 2016 aimed to assess the prevalence and incidence of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A meta-analysis to evaluate the published research relating to asthma and COPD was conducted using data from 23 EMR Office (EMRO) countries and searching using the web of science, PubMed, SciVerse Scopus, Google scholar, and MEDLINE databases. The keywords entered were all EMRO countries (Afghanistan, Bahrain, Djibouti, Egypt, Islamic republic Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arab, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, Yemen republic, and Cyprus) and asthma OR chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) OR (chronic bronchitis)...
April 2018: Turkish Thoracic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755805/analysis-of-bacterial-diversity-in-different-heavy-oil-wells-of-a-reservoir-in-south-oman-with-alkaline-ph
#7
Biji Shibulal, Saif N Al-Bahry, Yahya M Al-Wahaibi, Abdulkadir E Elshafie, Ali S Al-Bemani, Sanket J Joshi
The identification of potential hydrocarbon utilizing bacteria is an essential requirement in microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). Molecular approaches like proteomic and genomic characterization of the isolates are replacing the traditional method of identification with systemic classification. Genotypic profiling of the isolates includes fingerprint or pattern-based technique and sequence-based technique. Understanding community structure and dynamics is essential for studying diversity profiles and is challenging in the case of microbial analysis...
2018: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754251/impact-of-medication-reconciliation-and-review-and-counselling-on-adverse-drug-events-and-healthcare-resource-use
#8
Amna Al-Hashar, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Tommy Eriksson, Alaa Sarakbi, Badriya Al-Zadjali, Saif Al Mubaihsi, Mohammed Al Zaabi
Background Adverse drug events from preventable medication errors can result in patient morbidity and mortality, and in cost to the healthcare system. Medication reconciliation can improve communication and reduce medication errors at transitions in care. Objective Evaluate the impact of medication reconciliation and counselling intervention delivered by a pharmacist for medical patients on clinical outcomes 30 days after discharge. Setting Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman. Methods A randomized controlled study comparing standard care with an intervention delivered by a pharmacist and comprising medication reconciliation on admission and discharge, a medication review, a bedside medication counselling, and a take-home medication list...
May 12, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751904/quality-evaluation-of-omani-honey
#9
Mohamed Al-Farsi, Sharifa Al-Belushi, Abeer Al-Amri, Ahlam Al-Hadhrami, Mahfoodha Al-Rusheidi, Amani Al-Alawi
This study was intended to evaluate the quality parameters of 58 Apis mellifera honey samples, from different regions in the Sultanate of Oman. Physicochemical analyses were carried out and examined according to the Gulf Standardization Organization (GSO). The results revealed that 64.4% of the samples were failing to meet the GSO standards due to acidity, hydroxyl methyl furfural (HMF), diastase, sucrose, and glucose & fructose. Acidity and HMF were above the limits in 30% and 29% of the failed samples respectively, where diastase and total glucose & fructose were below the limits in 25% and 5% respectively...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748940/surveillance-of-adverse-events-following-immunization-in-oman-2006-2015
#10
Prakash K Patel, Bader Al-Rawahi, Athari Al-Jawari, Idris Al-Abaidani, Seif Al-Abri
Background: In 1996, Oman launched its surveillance programme for adverse events following immunization (AEFI) to address vaccine safety concerns. In 2010, an analysis of surveillance activities for AEFI was done for 10 years (1996-2005). Objectives: The main objective of the study was to describe the trend of AEFI over the 10-year period, 2006-2015, and compare the findings with a previous report in Oman and reports from other countries. Methods: A descriptive record-based review of AEFI was carried out using the national AEFI surveillance database for the study period, 2006-2015...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739473/undergraduate-medical-research-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-gcc-countries-a-descriptive-study-of-the-students-perspective
#11
Zaid Sayedalamin, Taher Fawzy Halawa, Mukhtiar Baig, Osama Almutairi, Hassan Allam, Tahir Jameel, Zohair Jamil Gazzaz, Hazem Atta
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of research-oriented physicians in several Arab countries and especially in Gulf region countries. In this context, it is important to explore medical students' perceptions and motivations towards research. The aim of the present study was to investigate research attitude, practices, and motivations among medical students from GCC countries. RESULTS: There were 228 students who participated in this study (male 88, females 140). Thirty-eight percent of the students were participating from Saudi Arabia, 20...
May 8, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737963/are-the-resources-adoptive-for-conducting-team-based-diabetes-management-clinics-an-explorative-study-at-primary-health-care-centers-in-muscat-oman
#12
Kamila Al-Alawi, Helene Johansson, Ahmed Al Mandhari, Margareta Norberg
AimThe aim of this study is to explore the perceptions among primary health center staff concerning competencies, values, skills and resources related to team-based diabetes management and to describe the availability of needed resources for team-based approaches. BACKGROUND: The diabetes epidemic challenges services available at primary health care centers in the Middle East. Therefore, there is a demand for evaluation of the available resources and team-based diabetes management in relation to the National Diabetes Management Guidelines...
May 8, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732592/transcranial-doppler-ultrasound-in-peninsular-arab-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease
#13
Adekunle Adekile, Meaad Hassan, Akram Asbeutah, Mohamed Al-Hinai, Omar Trad, Nayef Farhan
OBJECTIVES: Transcranial Doppler ultrasound is used to identify patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) at risk for stroke. We performed transcranial Doppler studies in patients from 4 countries in the Arabian Peninsula (Kuwait, Oman, Iraq, and United Arab Emirates) to document the prevalence of abnormal transcranial Doppler findings. METHODS: The patients were recruited from outpatient clinics and studied in a steady state. Transcranial Doppler examinations were performed with standard equipment by experienced operators...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721697/spectrum-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-oman-from-childhood-to-adulthood
#14
Asma Al Rasbi, Eiman Abdalla, Rabab Sultan, Nasreen Abdullah, Juma Al Kaabi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Reem Abdwani
SLE is a disease that mainly affects women of childbearing age, however, a total of 15-20% of cases present in children. Although adult onset SLE (aSLE) and childhood onset SLE (cSLE) share the same diagnostic criteria, differences have been identified. The aim of this study is to compare the similarities and differences in between cSLE and aSLE in an Arab population from Oman. We evaluated 225 SLE patients, 139 adults and 86 children, who fulfilled the criteria for diagnosis. At disease onset, 99% of SLE cohort fulfilled the SLICC criteria; however the ACR 1997 criteria were fulfilled in 66% aSLE and 80% cSLE...
May 2, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704700/quality-of-life-of-nursing-students-from-nine-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Rhea Faye D Felicilda-Reynaldo, Simon Ching Lam, Felipe Aliro Machuca Contreras, Helen Shaji John Cecily, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Howieda A Fouly, Simon Macharia Kamau, Glenn Ford D Valdez, Kathryn A Adams, Paolo C Colet
BACKGROUND: Nursing student life is stressful as a result of the work they exert to learn concepts ranging from basic to complicated issues and health concerns for maintaining overall human health. Hence, assessing the quality of life (QOL) of nursing students is important to determine if they have excellent well-being levels as they go through the learning process. OBJECTIVES: This study measured and compared QOL of respondents by country of residence, and identified the QOL predictors of students...
April 20, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699562/the-trend-of-feminization-of-doctors-workforce-in-oman-is-it-a-phenomenon-that-could-rouse-the-health-system
#16
Nazar A Mohamed, Nadia Noor Abdulhadi, Abdullah A Al-Maniri, Nahida R Al-Lawati, Ahmed M Al-Qasmi
BACKGROUND: Participation of women in the medical profession over several countries worldwide was increased over the past decades. This paper is a part of ongoing studies aiming at addressing the issue of health workforce feminization among doctors in the Sultanate of Oman as well as exploring the health system readiness in dealing with this phenomenon. METHODS: Literature in addition to reports and records of the Ministry of Health, Oman (MoH), Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) and Oman Medical Specialty Board were reviewed regarding the gender of the doctors and the medical students...
April 27, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698703/hiv-viral-suppression-in-oman-encouraging-progress-toward-achieving-the-united-nations-third-90
#17
Elgalib Ali, Shah Samir, Al-Habsi Zeyana, Al-Fouri Maha, Al-Sawafi Halim, Al-Noumani Jalila, Al-Baloushi Adil, Al-Alawi Saad, Al-Badi Salma, Mohammed Zainab, Al-Ghafri Jokha, Suleimani Asma, Al-Mashani Huda, Raju Jyothish, Al-Riyami Saada, Al-Shukri Muna, Wahab Abdul, Hussain Bilal, Al-Naabi Khalifa, Narayan Anantha, Oliveros Noreen, Prasad George, Hussein Ahmed, Kashyp Rajeev, Al-Shardi Khalid, Nada Ahmed, Akhwand Shakil, Kamble Bina, Al-Aamri Kawthar, Al-Mukhaini Suad, Al-Kindi Hanan, Khamis Faryal, Al-Maani Amal, Al-Abaidani Idris, Al-Abri Seif
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of capacity-building interventions introduced by the Oman National AIDS Programme on the quality of HIV care in the country. METHODS: We calculated HIV viral suppression (VS) and loss to follow-up (LTFU) rates before (in December 2015; n=1098) and after (in June 2017; n=1185) the introduction of the interventions; training, support, and care pathways development. Three HIV viral load (VL) cuts-offs at last measurement in the year of interest were used to define VS...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690490/review-of-the-steatiticus-species-group-of-the-cuskeel-genus-neobythites-ophidiidae-from-the-indo-pacific-with-description-of-two-new-species
#18
Franz Uiblein, JØrgen G Nielsen
This review was motivated by the recent collection of a specimen of the specious cuskeel genus Neobythites (Ophidiidae) off Myanmar and difficulties to identify it based on the available literature. This specimen has an ocellus consisting of a dark oval spot and a concentric white ring placed on the dorsal fin at mid-body, typical for many Neobythites species. It belongs to a group of single-ocellus bearing species which have no or only one weakly developed, flat preopercular spine which we term here the "steatiticus-species group"...
February 26, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690148/callianassa-ehsani-a-new-species-of-callianassidae-crustacea-decapoda-axiidea-from-gulf-of-oman-iran
#19
Vahid Sepahvand, Christopher Tudge, Farzaneh Momtazi
Callianassa ehsani sp. nov. is described as a new species from the Gulf of Oman, Iran. It differs from all other members of the subfamily Callianassinae in having a well-developed meral hook on the merus and 6 or 7 acute spines on the ischium of the large cheliped and characters of the small cheliped and telson. This new species is most similar to Callianassa thailandica Sakai, 2005 and Callianassa persica, Sakai, 2005. The generic assignment of the new species is provisional, reflecting the unstable state of the taxonomy of this family...
April 17, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689827/the-resurrection-of-charybdis-gonioinfradens-giardi-nobili-1905-newly-recorded-from-the-se-mediterranean-sea
#20
Bella S Galil, Jacob Douek, Roy Gevili, Menachem Goren, Yana Yudkovsky, Guy Paz, Baruch Rinekvich
A single adult specimen of Gonioinfradens giardi, a portunid crab known from the Red Sea, Gulf of Oman and Arabian Gulf, was recently collected off the southern Israeli coast, in the southeastern Mediterranean Sea. Morphological characters, as well as molecular analyses based on the mitochondrial barcoding gene cytochrome oxidase sub unit I (COI), support its distinction from the widely distributed G. paucidentata. Therefore, G. giardi is reinstated as a valid species, and withdrawn from its synonymy with G...
January 15, 2018: Zootaxa
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