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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223966/geological-and-geochemical-controls-on-subsurface-microbial-life-in-the-samail-ophiolite-oman
#1
Kaitlin R Rempfert, Hannah M Miller, Nicolas Bompard, Daniel Nothaft, Juerg M Matter, Peter Kelemen, Noah Fierer, Alexis S Templeton
Microbial abundance and diversity in deep subsurface environments is dependent upon the availability of energy and carbon. However, supplies of oxidants and reductants capable of sustaining life within mafic and ultramafic continental aquifers undergoing low-temperature water-rock reaction are relatively unknown. We conducted an extensive analysis of the geochemistry and microbial communities recovered from fluids sampled from boreholes hosted in peridotite and gabbro in the Tayin block of the Samail Ophiolite in the Sultanate of Oman...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223866/cross-national-analysis-of-estimated-narcotic-utilization-for-twelve-arabic-speaking-countries-in-the-middle-east
#2
Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur
BACKGROUND: Access to narcotics has been described as suboptimal in the Middle East. The objectives of this study were to characterize estimated narcotic use in twelve Arabic-speaking nations and compare across world regions. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional analysis of estimated average consumption of narcotic drugs in defined daily doses per million inhabitants, as provided by the International Narcotics Control Board Technical Reports (2008-2012)...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216955/patterns-of-prescription-drugs-use-among-pregnant-women-at-sultan-qaboos-university-hospital-and-sultan-qaboos-university-hospital-family-and-community-medicine-clinic-oman
#3
J Z Al-Hamimi, K A Al Balushi
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the patterns of prescription drugs use among women attending antenatal clinic at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) and SQUH Family and Community Medicine clinic (FAMCO), Oman. METHODS: The study was a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study on pregnant women who attended the antenatal clinic at SQUH and FAMCO from February to April 2014 and received a prescription containing at least one drug. Patients' information was extracted from SQUH electronic records...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209984/development-and-evaluation-of-a-risk-score-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-middle-aged-chinese-rural-population-based-on-the-ruraldiab-study
#4
Hao Zhou, Yuqian Li, Xiaotian Liu, Fei Xu, Linlin Li, Kaili Yang, Xinling Qian, Ruihua Liu, Ronghai Bie, Chongjian Wang
The purpose of this study was to establish a simple and effective risk score for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in middle-aged rural Chinese. Total of 5453 participants aged 30-59 years from the Rural Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (RuralDiab) study were recruited for establishing the RuralDiab risk score by using logistic regression analysis. The RuralDiab risk score was validated in a prospective study from Henan Province of China, and compared with previous risk scores by using the receiver-operating characteristics cure...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208876/prescribing-pattern-of-antifungal-medications-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-oman
#5
Khalid A Al Balushi, Mohammed A Alzaabi, Fatma Alghafri
INTRODUCTION: Inappropriate use of antifungal agents is implicated in the global burden of antifungal resistance, adverse outcomes like persistent infections, unnecessary exposure and increased cost. Data collection from time to time is to be done in order to have a check on the resistance/sensitivity pattern of the commonly prescribed antifungal drugs. AIM: To describe the pattern of antifungal drug prescription and administration to patients attending a university hospital in Oman...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196087/the-potential-of-indigenous-paenibacillus-ehimensis-bs1-for-recovering-heavy-crude-oil-by-biotransformation-to-light-fractions
#6
Biji Shibulal, Saif N Al-Bahry, Yahya M Al-Wahaibi, Abdulkadir E Elshafie, Ali S Al-Bemani, Sanket J Joshi
Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) is a potential technology for residual heavy oil recovery. Many heavy oil fields in Oman and elsewhere have difficulty in crude oil recovery because it is expensive due to its high viscosity. Indigenous microbes are capable of improving the fluidity of heavy oil, by changing its high viscosity and producing lighter oil fractions. Many spore-forming bacteria were isolated from soil samples collected from oil fields in Oman. Among the isolates, an autochthonous spore-forming bacterium was found to enhance heavy oil recovery, which was identified by 16S rDNA sequencing as Paenibacillus ehimensis BS1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191804/does-alternative-and-traditional-wasam-local-cautery-therapy-facilitate-an-early-and-more-extensive-locoregional-metastasis-of-breast-cancer
#7
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: A large heterogeneous group of unproven remedies exist to treat cancer in both developed and developing countries. Some of these remedies often do more harm than good to the patients. The traditional medicine is the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures. The traditional medicine in Oman is based on herbal treatment and skin treatment (massage, Cupping and skin burn "cautery" treatment-known as Wasam or Kaiy)...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188119/incidence-and-economic-burden-of-acute-otitis-media-in-children-aged-up-to-5years-in-three-middle-eastern-countries-and-pakistan-a-multinational-retrospective-observational-study
#8
Ghulam Mustafa, Amal Y Al Aidaroos, Idris S Al Abaidani, Kinga Meszaros, Kusuma Gopala, Mehmet Ceyhan, Mohamad Al-Tannir, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Shyam Bawikar, Johannes E Schmidt
Epidemiological data on acute otitis media (AOM), an infectious disease frequently affecting children, are lacking in some countries. This study was undertaken to assess the incidence of AOM in children ≤5years in Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, and Turkey, as well as the economic burden from a parent/caregiver perspective. Medical records of 4043 children (Saudi Arabia=1023, Oman=998, Pakistan=1022, Turkey=1000) were retrospectively reviewed and the incidence of AOM episodes calculated from suspected and confirmed cases...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187629/review-of-the-genus-i-lanchnophorus-i-hemiptera-heteroptera-rhyparochromidae-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-other-nomenclatural-changes
#9
Petr Kment, Attilio Carapezza, Zdeněk Jindra, Előd Kondorosy
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903) is considered junior synonym of Lanchnophorus. The following nomenclatural changes are proposed: Lanchnophorus flavus (Scudder, 1971) comb. nov. = Lachnesthus chinai Scudder, nomen nudum; Lanchnophorus guttulatus Reuter, 1887, comb...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185821/public-response-to-mers-cov-in-the-middle-east-iphone-survey-in-six-countries
#10
Amani S Alqahtani, Harunor Rashid, Mada H Basyouni, Tariq M Alhawassi, Nasser F BinDhim
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries bear the heaviest brunt of MERS-CoV. This study aims to compare public awareness and practice around MERS-CoV across GCC countries. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using the Gulf Indicators (GI) smartphone app among people in the six GCC countries, namely Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman. A total of 1812 participants recruited. All were aware of MERS-CoV, yet the perception and practice around MERS-CoV varied widely between countries...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177114/implementation-of-a-mentored-professional-development-programme-in-laboratory-leadership-and-management-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#11
L A Perrone, D Confer, E Scott, L Livingston, C Bradburn, A McGee, T Furtwangler, A Downer, A H Mokdad, J F Flandin, S Shotorbani, H Asghar, H E Tolbah, H J Ahmed, A Alwan, R Martin
Laboratories need leaders who can effectively utilize the laboratories' resources, maximize the laboratories'capacity to detect disease, and advocate for laboratories in a fluctuating health care environment. To address this need, the University of Washington, USA, created the Certificate Program in Laboratory Leadership and Management in partnership with WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, and implemented it with 17 participants and 11 mentors from clinical and public health laboratories in 10 countries (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen) in 2014...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166300/impacts-of-human-related-practices-on-ommatissus-lybicus-infestations-of-date-palm-in-oman
#12
Khalifa M Al-Kindi, Paul Kwan, Nigel R Andrew, Mitchell Welch
Date palm cultivation is economically important in the Sultanate of Oman, with significant financial investments coming from both the government and private individuals. However, a widespread Dubas bug (DB) (Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin) infestation has impacted regions including the Middle East, North Africa, Southeast Russia, and Spain, resulting in widespread damages to date palms. In this study, techniques in spatial statistics including ordinary least squares (OLS), geographically weighted regression (GRW), and exploratory regression (ER) were applied to (a) model the correlation between DB infestations and human-related practices that include irrigation methods, row spacing, palm tree density, and management of undercover and intercropped vegetation, and (b) predict the locations of future DB infestations in northern Oman...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162965/socioeconomic-indicators-are-strong-predictors-of-hepatitis-a-seroprevalence-rates-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#13
Mehmet Koroglu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Tayfur Demiray, Ahmet Ozbek, Unal Erkorkmaz, Mustafa Altindis
The goal of this analysis was to examine the association between age-specific hepatitis A virus (HAV) seroprevalence rates and various socioeconomic indicators within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. We conducted a systematic review of all recently published studies on HAV conducted in the MENA region and identified the highest quality studies for inclusion in our analysis. We calculated the age at midpoint of population immunity (AMPI) for each study and estimated seroprevalence rates at the ages of 5, 10, and 15 years...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156193/characterization-of-ndm-7-carbapenemase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-the-arabian-peninsula
#14
Tibor Pál, Akela Ghazawi, Dania Darwish, Laura Villa, Alessandra Carattoli, Rayhan Hashmey, Zulfa Aldeesi, Wafaa Jamal, Vincent Rotimi, Amina Al-Jardani, Seif S Al-Abri, Ágnes Sonnevend
AIM: The purpose of this study was to characterize the New Delhi metallo-beta lactamase (NDM)-7-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolated in the Arabian Peninsula. METHODS: Enterobacteriaceae identified to carry blaNDM-7 in a collection of 157 NDM-producing isolates from Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were investigated for their antibiotic and disinfectant susceptibility, and resistance gene content. The virulence profile, phylogenetic and sequence types of the isolates were also determined...
February 3, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153009/genetic-diversity-of-plasmodium-vivax-metacaspase-1-and-plasmodium-vivax-multi-drug-resistance-1-genes-of-field-isolates-from-mauritania-sudan-and-oman
#15
Fatimata Sow, Guillaume Bonnot, Bilal Rabah Ahmed, Sidi Mohamed Diagana, Hachim Kebe, Mohamedou Koita, Ba Malado Samba, Said K Al-Mukhaini, Majed Al-Zadjali, Seif S Al-Abri, Osama A M Ali, Abdallah M Samy, Muzamil Mahdi Abdel Hamid, Musab M Ali Albsheer, Bruno Simon, Anne-Lise Bienvenu, Eskild Petersen, Stéphane Picot
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax is the second most important human malaria parasite, widely spread across the world. This parasite is associated with important issues in the process toward malaria elimination, including potential for relapse and increased resistance to chloroquine. Plasmodium vivax multi-drug resistant (pvmdr1) is suspected to be a marker of resistance although definitive evidence is lacking. Progress has been made in knowledge of biological factors affecting parasite growth, including mechanisms of regulated cell death and the suspected role of metacaspase...
February 2, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140603/update-malaria-u-s-armed-forces-2016
#16
(no author information available yet)
Malaria infection remains an important health threat to U.S. service members who are located in endemic areas because of long-term duty assignments, participation in shorter-term contingency operations, or personal travel. In 2016, 57 service members were diagnosed with or reported to have malaria, which is the highest number of cases since 2011 (n=124). The relatively low numbers of cases during 2012-2016 mainly reflect decreases in cases acquired in Afghanistan, a reduction due largely to the progressive withdrawal of U...
January 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117014/bispecific-antibodies-bsabs-promising-immunotherapeutic-agents-for-cancer-therapy
#17
Deasmond Omane Acheampong, Christian Kweku Adokoh, Paulina Ampomah, Daniel S Agyirifor, Isaac Dadzie, Francis Armah-Arkah, Ernest Amponsah Asiamah
Antibodies have become the preferred therapeutic treatment option for cancers. Antibody therapy is associated with low toxic profile and specific in its activity, unlike chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Types of tumor are known to express multiple receptors that cross-talk to activate perpetual growth, proliferation and metastasis, and inhibit apoptosis in such tumors. Bispecific antibodies (BsAbs) are therefore the preferred agent for the treatment of such cancers due to its unique characteristics. This review discusses up to date therapeutic potentials of BsAbs...
January 19, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112688/dysmenorrhea-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-review-in-different-country
#18
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada A Soliman, Rania Soliman, Mohamed El Kholy
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is still an important public health problem which may have a negative impact on female health, social relationships, school or work activities and psychological status. METHODS: The aim of this review is a better understanding of the epidemiology of dysmenorrhoea and its effect on public health. Published studies in English providing relevant information on dysmenorrhea were identified by searching PubMed, Embase and Google; restricting the population to  adolescents and young adult women and the year of publishing from 2010 to August 2015, based on the keywords 'dysmenorrhea', 'adolescents' and 'epidemiology'...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112128/visual-function-of-children-with-visual-and-other-disabilities-in-oman-a-case-series
#19
Urmi Gogri, Rajiv Khandekar, Salah Al Harby
BACKGROUND: We assessed the visual functioning of the children with special needs in Oman between 2009 and 2012. We present the methods of assessing different visual functions, outcomes, and interventions carried out to improve their functioning. METHODS: Optometrists assessed visual functions of children of "Day care centres" in Oman. Experts further assessed them and provided low vision care. Ocular movements, refractive corrections, near, distance, contrast color, motion, field of vision, and cognitive visual function test results were noted...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104991/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Soheil Ashkani-Esfahani, Seyed Moayed Alavian, Mohammad Salehi-Marzijarani
AIM: To determine hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection prevalence in each country of the Middle-East and the overall prevalence of the region. METHODS: In this systematic review, we gathered all documents related to HCV infection prevalence among hemodialysis patients in 17 middle-east countries from April 2006 to March 2016. We selected only cross-sectional studies that had proper sampling and measurement methods as well as a valid statistical analysis. RESULTS: After screening of 7311 documents, 56 studies were selected reporting the prevalence of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients from 10 countries of the region...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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