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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340224/the-association-of-context-specific-sitting-time-and-physical-activity-intensity-to-working-memory-capacity-and-academic-achievement-in-young-adults
#2
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Charles H Hillman, Eva Cirera, Anna Puig-Ribera
To examine combined associations between self-reported context-specific sitting time (ST) and physical activity (PA) with working memory capacity (WMC) and academic achievement in a sample of Spanish adults. Undergraduate students ( n = 371; 21 years ± 3 years, 44% female) were recruited from University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia. Participants completed a 54-item survey that assessed socio-demographic variables (e.g. age, gender, academic year), min/week of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) intensity PA (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), min/day of domain-specific ST (Last 7 days sedentary behavior questionnaire) and academic performance (grade point average)...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340203/been-there-done-that-the-experience-of-acting-as-a-young-adult-mentor-to-adolescents-living-with-chronic-illness
#3
Sara Ahola Kohut, Jennifer Stinson, Paula Forgeron, Stephanie Luca, Lauren Harris
To explore the perceived benefits and challenges of acting as a young adult peer mentor to adolescents with chronic illness.   A qualitative descriptive study, using interviews and a focus group, explored the perceptions of young adult peer mentors following participation in the iPeer2Peer program, a Skype-based peer-mentorship program for adolescents with chronic illness. Interviews and focus group data were transcribed and analyzed using inductive content analysis.   Ten peer mentors (20.00 ± 1...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340148/characteristics-of-hookah-tobacco-smoking-sessions-and-correlates-of-use-frequency-among-us-adults-findings-from-wave-1-of-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-path-study
#4
Joelle Robinson, Baoguang Wang, Kia Jackson, Elisabeth Donaldson, Chase Ryant
Introduction: Hookah tobacco smoking has increased in the US. However, information on hookah use frequency and other characteristics of hookah use is limited. Methods: Investigators analyzed data from Wave 1 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of US youth and adults. Our analysis draws on baseline data from adult (ages ≥18 years) ever (N=10,624) and past year (n=3,947) hookah users...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340132/the-impact-of-weight-and-weight-related-perceptions-on-smoking-status-among-young-adults-in-a-text-messaging-cessation-program
#5
Kisha I Coa, Erik Augustson, Annette Kaufman
Introduction: Weight gain and concerns about weight can influence a smoker's ability to successfully quit, and young adults are a subgroup of smokers who are particularly concerned about the impact of quitting on their body weight. This study explored the associations between body mass index (BMI), weight perceptions, and smoking status among young adults. Methods: The sample consisted of 4,027 young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 who participated in a randomized control trial of the National Cancer Institute's SmokefreeTXT program...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339944/exploring-relationships-between-body-appreciation-and-self-reported-physical-health-among-young-women
#6
Virginia Ramseyer Winter, Elizabeth A O'Neill, Areen Omary
Body image, a multidimensional construct, affects women in myriad ways. Existing scholarship has established a relationship between body image and negative mental and sexual health outcomes and suggests that it may also be related to physical health outcomes. The purpose of the study reported in this article was to explore relationships between body appreciation, a multidimensional measure of body image, and self-perceived physical health among a sample of emerging adult women (N = 399). In this sample, body appreciation was positively and significantly related to self-perceived physical health...
March 4, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339840/the-effects-of-sexual-orientation-on-the-relationship-between-victimization-experiences-and-smoking-status-among-us-women
#7
Alicia K Matthews, Young Ik Cho, Tonda L Hughes, Sharon C Wilsnack, Frances Aranda, Timothy Johnson
Introduction: This study examined the relationships between experiences of childhood and adulthood victimization and current smoking among heterosexual and sexual minority women (SMW). The main hypothesis was that victimization experiences would predict current smoking status. Further, we hypothesized that the effect of childhood victimization on self-reported smoker status would be mediated by adult victimization. Methods: Data are from two studies conducted in the United States that used similar methods and questionnaires in order to conduct a comparative analysis of women based on sexual orientation...
March 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339838/the-clinical-epidemiology-of-young-adults-starting-renal-replacement-therapy-in-the-uk-presentation-management-and-survival-using-15-years-of-uk-renal-registry-data
#8
Alexander J Hamilton, Anna Casula, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Fergus J Caskey, Carol D Inward
Background: Clinical epidemiology data for young adults on renal replacement therapy (RRT) are lacking. While mostly transplanted, they have an increased risk of graft loss during young adulthood. Methods: We combined the UK Renal Registry paediatric and adult databases to describe patient characteristics, transplantation and survival for young adults. We grouped patients 11-30 years of age starting RRT from 1999 to 2008 by age band and examined their course during 5 years of follow-up...
February 23, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339812/spending-on-hospital-care-and-pediatric-psychology-service-use-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#9
Meghan E McGrady, James L Peugh, Gabriella A Brown, Ahna L H Pai
To examine the relationship between need-based pediatric psychology service use and spending on hospital care among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Billing data were obtained from 48 AYAs with cancer receiving need-based pediatric psychology services and a comparison cohort of 48 AYAs with cancer not receiving services. A factorial analysis of covariance examined group differences in spending for hospital care. Pending significant findings, a multivariate analysis of covariance was planned to examine the relationship between need-based pediatric psychology service use and spending for inpatient admissions, emergency department (ED) visits, and outpatient visits...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339669/in-their-own-words-young-adults-menthol-cigarette-initiation-perceptions-experiences-and-regulation-perspectives
#10
Olivia A Wackowski, Kiameesha R Evans, Melissa B Harrell, Alexandra Loukas, M Jane Lewis, Cristine D Delnevo, Cheryl L Perry
Background: Menthol cigarettes are disproportionately used by young people and have been called smoking starter products. However, limited qualitative research exists on young adults' perceptions of and experiences with these products, with much of it based on document reviews of the tobacco industry's research. Methods: We conducted six focus groups with young adult (ages 18-24) menthol smokers in New Jersey (half with black smokers) between December 2014 and March 2015...
February 17, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339649/lgbtq-youth-and-young-adult-perspectives-on-a-culturally-tailored-group-smoking-cessation-program
#11
Neill Bruce Baskerville, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong-Francq, Darly Dash, Aneta Abramowicz
Introduction: The prevalence of smoking among LGBTQ youth and young adults (YYAs) is much higher than that of non-LGBTQ young people. The current study explored LGBTQ YYA perceptions of a culturally tailored group smoking cessation counselling program, along with how the intervention could be improved. Methods: We conducted focus groups (n = 24) with 204 LGBTQ YYAs in Toronto and Ottawa, Canada. Open-ended questions focused on their feelings, likes and dislikes, concerns and additional ideas for a culturally tailored group cessation counselling intervention...
January 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339638/the-impact-of-older-parents-pain-symptoms-on-adult-children
#12
Karl Pillemer, Catherine Riffin, J Jill Suitor, Siyun Peng, M C Reid
Objective. : Not only is persistent pain a debilitating health problem for older adults, it also may have negative effects on family relationships. Studies have documented the effects of pain on spouses and on parents of young children. However, research has not extended this line of inquiry to later life, and specifically to the impact of older parents' pain symptoms on adult children. This study addresses the question: Does older mothers' pain affect the quality of relations with offspring? Subjects and Design...
February 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339616/time-trends-in-smoking-onset-by-sex-and-race-ethnicity-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-findings-from-the-2006-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#13
Azure B Thompson, Paul D Mowery, Jacob Kraemer Tebes, Sherry A McKee
Introduction: During the 2000s the number of adolescents who became new smokers in the United States declined while the number of young adults who did so increased. However, we do not know among which demographic groups these changes occurred. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2006 to 2013 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (n = 180 079). Multivariate linear regression models were used to assess annual trends in smoking onset and log-binomial regression models to assess changes over time in the risk of smoking onset among young adults (18- to 25-years-old) relative adolescents (12- to 17-years-old)...
January 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339610/prescription-opioid-use-among-young-parents-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-to-adult-health
#14
Anna E Austin, Meghan E Shanahan
Objectives.:  No estimates exist regarding the extent of prescription opioid use among US adults who are the primary caregivers to children. Methods.:  Data were from Wave IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Respondents were age 24 to 32 years. We compared the prevalence of prescription opioid use in the last four weeks and medical conditions with the potential to precipitate use among parents (i.e., one or more children living in the household) and nonparents...
January 31, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339587/incisor-inclination-and-perceived-tooth-colour-changes
#15
Philip Ciucchi, Stavros Kiliaridis
Introduction: Social attractiveness is influenced by a variety of different smile-related factors. We evaluated whether the degree of upper central incisor proclination can result in tooth colour change. Methods: Forty young adult subjects (20-25 years) in good health with a complete sound dentition were selected. The subjects were seated in standardized light conditions with an above-directed light source. Their natural head position was stated as 0 degrees. To mimic the range of possible anterior torque movements they were asked to tilt their heads upward +15 degrees (upward tilting) and downward -15 degrees (downward tilting)...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339401/is-huntingtin-dispensable-in-the-adult-brain
#16
Jeh-Ping Liu, Scott O Zeitlin
Huntingtin (HTT) is an essential protein during early embryogenesis and the development of the central nervous system (CNS). Conditional knock-out of mouse Huntingtin (Htt) expression in the CNS beginning during neural development, as well as reducing Htt expression only during embryonic and early postnatal stages, results in neurodegeneration in the adult brain. These findings suggest that HTT is important for the development and/or maintenance of the CNS, but they do not address the question of whether HTT is required specifically in the adult CNS for its normal functions and/or homeostasis...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Huntington's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339350/the-effect-of-initial-knee-angle-on-concentric-only-squat-jump-performance
#17
Lachlan J Mitchell, Christos K Argus, Kristie-Lee Taylor, Jeremy M Sheppard, Dale W Chapman
PURPOSE: There is uncertainty as to which knee angle during a squat jump (SJ) produces maximal jump performance. Importantly, understanding this information will aid in determining appropriate ratios for assessment and monitoring of the explosive characteristics of athletes. METHOD: This study compared SJ performance across different knee angles-90º, 100º, 110º, 120º, 130º, and a self-selected depth-for jump height and other kinetic characteristics. For comparison between SJ and an unconstrained dynamic movement, participants also performed a countermovement jump from a self-selected depth...
March 24, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335454/porcine-rotaviruses-epidemiology-immune-responses-and-control-strategies
#18
REVIEW
Anastasia N Vlasova, Joshua O Amimo, Linda J Saif
Rotaviruses (RVs) are a major cause of acute viral gastroenteritis in young animals and children worldwide. Immunocompetent adults of different species become resistant to clinical disease due to post-infection immunity, immune system maturation and gut physiological changes. Of the 9 RV genogroups (A-I), RV A, B, and C (RVA, RVB, and RVC, respectively) are associated with diarrhea in piglets. Although discovered decades ago, porcine genogroup E RVs (RVE) are uncommon and their pathogenesis is not studied well...
March 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335442/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-effects-of-gracilaria-verrucosa-extracts-on-osteoclast-differentiation
#19
Kwang-Jin Kim, Yong-Jin Lee, Yun-Ho Hwang, Kyung-Yun Kang, Sung-Tae Yee, Young-Jin Son
Bone remodeling, a physiological process characterized by bone formation by osteoblasts and bone resorption by osteoclasts, is important for the maintenance of healthy bone in adult humans. Osteoclasts play a critical role in bone erosion and osteoporosis and are bone-specific multinucleated cells generated through differentiation of monocyte/macrophage lineage precursors. Receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) has been reported to induce osteoclast differentiation. In this study, we explored whether Gracilaria verrucosa extracts (GE) could affect RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335382/feasibility%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-assessing%C3%A2-diet%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-mobile%C3%A2-food%C3%A2-record%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-adolescents%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-young%C3%A2-adults%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-down%C3%A2-syndrome
#20
Katherine E Bathgate, Jill L Sherriff, Helen Leonard, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Edward J Delp, Carol J Boushey, Deborah A Kerr
Technology-based methods for assessing diet in those with disability remains largely unexplored. The aim was to assess the feasibility of assessing diet with an image-based mobile food record application (mFR) in 51 adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (PANDs). Adherence was also assessed with the instruction to include a fiducial marker object in the before and after eating images. The PANDs sample completed a four-day mFR and results were compared with a sample of young adults from the Connecting Health and Technology study (CHAT, n = 244)...
March 13, 2017: Nutrients
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