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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098770/can-malaysian-young-adults-report-dietary-intake-using-a-food-diary-mobile-application-a-pilot-study-on-acceptability-and-compliance
#1
Yoke San Chen, Jyh Eiin Wong, Ainaa Fatehah Ayob, Nor Effendy Othman, Bee Koon Poh
Mobile applications may improve dietary reporting among young adults due to their high accessibility and embedded camera function. This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate users' acceptability and compliance in reporting dietary intake using a newly developed food diary mobile application (food app); and (ii) identify issues and recommendations for improving dietary assessment using this food app via quantitative and qualitative protocols. Twenty-eight university students each used a food app for seven consecutive days and attended one of five focus group interviews...
January 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098119/acute-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-syndrome-a-report-on-four-adult-cases
#2
Yosra Ben Ariba, Jannet Labidi, Zied Elloumi, Yosra Selmi, Salah Othmani
Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome is a rare disease, generally presenting in children and young women. The interstitial nephritis may precede, follow, or develop concurrent to the uveitis. We report the clinical features and outcomes of four adult patients, aged 41-70 years with the TINU syndrome.
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097836/validation-of-the-argentine-spanish-version-of-transition-readiness-assessment-questionnaire-for-adolescents-with-chronic-conditions
#3
Florencia González, Mariana Roizen, María de Las Mercedes Rodríguez Celin, Carmen De Cunto, Alfredo Eymann, Roberto Mato, Patricia García Arrigoni, Raquel Staciuk, Florencia Ugo, Virginia Fano
INTRODUCTION: The transition of adolescents with chronic conditions to adult follow-up care is an increasingly complex process. Patients need to acquire knowledge and skills that ensure continuity of their care. The goal of this study was to validate the Argentinian Spanish version of the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) 5.0 tool in adolescents and young adults with chronic conditions. POPULATION AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional, quantitative study...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097818/staging-evaluation-and-response-criteria-harmonization-search-for-childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-hodgkin-lymphoma-cayahl-methodology-statement
#4
Jamie E Flerlage, Kara M Kelly, Auke Beishuizen, Steve Cho, Pedro A De Alarcon, Ute Dieckmann, Richard A Drachtman, Bradford S Hoppe, Scott C Howard, Sue C Kaste, Regine Kluge, Lars Kurch, Judith Landman-Parker, Jocelyn Lewis, Michael P Link, Kathleen McCarten, Angela Punnett, Dietrich Stoevesandt, Stephan D Voss, William Hamish Wallace, Christine Mauz-Körholz, Monika L Metzger
International harmonization of staging evaluation and response criteria is needed for childhood, adolescence, and young adulthood Hodgkin lymphoma. Two Hodgkin lymphoma protocols from cooperative trials in Europe and North America were compared for areas in need of harmonization, and an evidence-based approach is currently underway to harmonize staging and response evaluations with a goal to enhance comparisons, expedite identification of effective therapies, and aid in the approval process for new agents by regulatory agencies...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097808/identification-of-ntrk-fusions-in-pediatric-mesenchymal-tumors
#5
Dean Pavlick, Alexa B Schrock, Denise Malicki, Philip J Stephens, Dennis J Kuo, Hyunah Ahn, Brian Turpin, Kamran Badizegan, Jeffrey S Ross, Vincent A Miller, Victor Wong, Siraj M Ali
BACKGROUND: NTRK fusions are known oncogenic drivers and have recently been effectively targeted by investigational agents in adults. We sought to assess the frequency of NTRK fusions in a large series of pediatric and adolescent patients with advanced cancers. PROCEDURE: Genomic profiles from 2,031 advanced cancers from patients less than 21 years old who were assayed with comprehensive genomic profiling were reviewed to identify NTRK fusions. RESULTS: Total of nine cases (0...
January 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097802/genomic-analysis-and-clinical-management-of-adolescent-cutaneous-melanoma
#6
Roy Rabbie, Mamun Rashid, Ana M Arance, Marcelo Sánchez, Gemma Tell-Marti, Miriam Potrony, Carles Conill, Remco van Doorn, Stefan Dentro, Nellele A Gruis, Pippa Corrie, Vivek Iyer, Carla Daniela Robles-Espinoza, Joan A Puig-Butille, Susana Puig, David J Adams
Melanoma in young children is rare, however its incidence in adolescents and young adults is rising. We describe the clinical course of a 15-year-old female diagnosed with AJCC stage IB non-ulcerated primary melanoma, who died from metastatic disease four years after diagnosis despite three lines of modern systemic therapy. We also present the complete genomic profile of her tumour and compare this to a further series of 13 adolescent melanomas, and 275 adult cutaneous melanomas. A somatic BRAF(V)(600E) mutation and a high mutational load equivalent to that found in adult melanoma, and composed primarily of C>T mutations was observed...
January 17, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097469/laparoscopic-assisted-percutaneous-endoscopic-cecostomy-lapec-in-children-and-young-adults
#7
Shifra Koyfman, Kristen Swartz, Allan M Goldstein, Kyle Staller
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of the laparoscopic-assisted percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy (LAPEC) procedure both in children and young adults, along with review of their pre-operative motility profiles, antegrade continence enema (ACE) regimen, and postoperative complications. METHODS: This retrospective review investigated 38 patients (32 children and 6 young adults) that underwent the LAPEC procedure. Primary outcomes evaluated were success versus failure of the procedure and post-operative complications...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097354/global-burden-of-hypertension-and-systolic-blood-pressure-of-at-least-110-to-115-mm-hg-1990-2015
#8
Mohammad H Forouzanfar, Patrick Liu, Gregory A Roth, Marie Ng, Stan Biryukov, Laurie Marczak, Lily Alexander, Kara Estep, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Tomi F Akinyemiju, Raghib Ali, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Peter Azzopardi, Amitava Banerjee, Till Bärnighausen, Arindam Basu, Tolesa Bekele, Derrick A Bennett, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Ferrán Catalá-López, Valery L Feigin, Joao C Fernandes, Florian Fischer, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Philimon Gona, Rajeev Gupta, Graeme J Hankey, Jost B Jonas, Suzanne E Judd, Young-Ho Khang, Ardeshir Khosravi, Yun Jin Kim, Ruth W Kimokoti, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Dhaval Kolte, Alan Lopez, Paulo A Lotufo, Reza Malekzadeh, Yohannes Adama Melaku, George A Mensah, Awoke Misganaw, Ali H Mokdad, Andrew E Moran, Haseeb Nawaz, Bruce Neal, Frida Namnyak Ngalesoni, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Farshad Pourmalek, Anwar Rafay, Rajesh Kumar Rai, David Rojas-Rueda, Uchechukwu K Sampson, Itamar S Santos, Monika Sawhney, Aletta E Schutte, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Girma Temam Shifa, Ivy Shiue, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Amanda G Thrift, Marcello Tonelli, Thomas Truelsen, Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja, Olalekan A Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Theo Vos, Ronny Westerman, Lijing L Yan, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: Elevated systolic blood (SBP) pressure is a leading global health risk. Quantifying the levels of SBP is important to guide prevention policies and interventions. Objective: To estimate the association between SBP of at least 110 to 115 mm Hg and SBP of 140 mm Hg or higher and the burden of different causes of death and disability by age and sex for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015. Design: A comparative risk assessment of health loss related to SBP...
January 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097072/aggregations-and-parental-care-in-the-early-triassic-basal-cynodonts-galesaurus-planiceps-and-thrinaxodon-liorhinus
#9
Sandra C Jasinoski, Fernando Abdala
Non-mammaliaform cynodonts gave rise to mammals but the reproductive biology of this extinct group is still poorly known. Two exceptional fossils of Galesaurus planiceps and Thrinaxodon liorhinus, consisting of juveniles closely associated with an adult, were briefly described more than 50 years ago as examples of parental care in non-mammaliaform cynodonts. However, these two Early Triassic fossils have largely been excluded from recent discussions of parental care in the fossil record. Here we re-analyse these fossils in the context of an extensive survey of other aggregations found in these two basal cynodont taxa...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096874/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-korea-a-multicenter-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jung Sun Lee, Jun Soo Kwon, Daeho Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Jae-Jin Kim, Jong-Hoon Kim, Hee Jung Nam, Seunghyong Ryu, Il Ho Park, Suk Kyoon An, Hong-Seok Oh, Seunghee Won, Kanguk Lee, Kyu Young Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee, Yu Sang Lee, Jung-Seo Yi, Kyung Sue Hong, Yeon Ho Joo
OBJECTIVE: We designed a nationwide study with limited exclusion criteria to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korea and its relationship with antipsychotic medications. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional, and observational study included patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Sixteen hospitals enrolled 845 patients aged 18 to 65 years prescribed any antipsychotic medication between August 2011 and August 2013...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096729/advanced-mri-for-pediatric-brain-tumors-with-emphasis-on-clinical-benefits
#11
REVIEW
Hyun Woo Goo, Young-Shin Ra
Conventional anatomic brain MRI is often limited in evaluating pediatric brain tumors, the most common solid tumors and a leading cause of death in children. Advanced brain MRI techniques have great potential to improve diagnostic performance in children with brain tumors and overcome diagnostic pitfalls resulting from diverse tumor pathologies as well as nonspecific or overlapped imaging findings. Advanced MRI techniques used for evaluating pediatric brain tumors include diffusion-weighted imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, functional MRI, perfusion imaging, spectroscopy, susceptibility-weighted imaging, and chemical exchange saturation transfer imaging...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096726/diffusion-weighted-mr-enterography-to-monitor-bowel-inflammation-after-medical-therapy-in-crohn-s-disease-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#12
Jimi Huh, Kyung Jo Kim, Seong Ho Park, So Hyun Park, Suk-Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Sang Hyoung Park, Kyunghwa Han, Ah Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the performance of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to monitor bowel inflammation after medical therapy for Crohn's disease (CD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Before and following 1-2 years of medical therapy, between October 2012 and May 2015, 18 randomly selected adult CD patients (male:female, 13:5; mean age ± SD, 25.8 ± 7.9 years at the time of enrollment) prospectively underwent MR enterography (MRE) including DWI (b = 900 s/mm(2)) and ileocolonoscopy...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096698/burkitt-lymphoma-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-management-challenges
#13
REVIEW
Massimo Dozzo, Francesca Carobolante, Pietro Maria Donisi, Annamaria Scattolin, Elena Maino, Rosaria Sancetta, Piera Viero, Renato Bassan
About one-half of all Burkitt lymphoma (BL) patients are younger than 40 years, and one-third belong to the adolescent and young adult (AYA) subset, defined by an age between 15 and 25-40 years, based on selection criteria used in different reports. BL is an aggressive B-cell neoplasm displaying highly characteristic clinico-diagnostic features, the biologic hallmark of which is a translocation involving immunoglobulin and c-MYC genes. It presents as sporadic, endemic, or epidemic disease. Endemicity is pathogenetically linked to an imbalance of the immune system which occurs in African children infected by malaria parasites and Epstein-Barr virus, while the epidemic form strictly follows the pattern of infection by HIV...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096364/bilateral-recruitment-of-prefrontal-cortex-in-working-memory-is-associated-with-task-demand-but-not-with-age
#14
Melanie S Höller-Wallscheid, Peter Thier, Jörn K Pomper, Axel Lindner
Elderly adults may master challenging cognitive demands by additionally recruiting the cross-hemispheric counterparts of otherwise unilaterally engaged brain regions, a strategy that seems to be at odds with the notion of lateralized functions in cerebral cortex. We wondered whether bilateral activation might be a general coping strategy that is independent of age, task content and brain region. While using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we pushed young and old subjects to their working memory (WM) capacity limits in verbal, spatial, and object domains...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096067/assessing-the-quality-feasibility-and-efficacy-of-electronic-patient-platforms-designed-to-support-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Gemma Pugh, Lisa McCann
BACKGROUND: A range of innovative websites, mobile technologies, eHealth and mHealth platforms have emerged to support adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer. Previous reviews have identified these various applications and solutions, but no review has summarized the quality, feasibility, and efficacy of existing patient platforms (inclusive of websites, mobile technologies, mHealth and eHealth platforms) developed specifically for young people with cancer. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the design of a protocol to conduct a review of published studies or reports which describe or report on an existing platform designed specifically for AYAs who have had a cancer diagnosis...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095847/the-biomedical-piglet-establishing-reference-intervals-for-haematology-and-clinical-chemistry-parameters-of-two-age-groups-with-and-without-iron-supplementation
#16
Domenico Ventrella, Francesco Dondi, Francesca Barone, Federica Serafini, Alberto Elmi, Massimo Giunti, Noemi Romagnoli, Monica Forni, Maria L Bacci
BACKGROUND: The similarities between swine and humans in physiological and genomic patterns, and the great correlation in size and anatomy, make pigs extremely useful in preclinical studies. New-born piglets can represent a model for congenital and genetic diseases in new-born children. It is known that piglets may have significant differences in clinicopathological results compared to adult pigs. Therefore, adult laboratory reference intervals cannot be applied to piglets. The aim of this study was to compare haematological and chemical variables in piglets of two ages and determinate age-related reference intervals for commercial hybrid young pigs...
January 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095825/no-regrets-young-adult-patients-in-psychiatry-report-positive-reactions-to-biobank-participation
#17
Janet L Cunningham, Manuel Zanzi, Mimmie Willebrand, Lisa Ekselius, Mia Ramklint
BACKGROUND: Research in vulnerable individuals must insure voluntariness and minimize negative reactions caused by participation. This study aimed to describe consent and completion rate in young psychiatric patients in relation to study components, degree of disability and to compare response to research participation in patients and controls. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 463 patients with psychiatric disorders between the ages of 18-25 from the Dept. of General Psychiatry at Uppsala University Hospital and 105 controls were recruited to donate data and samples to a biobank...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095668/recovery-of-oswaldotrema-nacinovici-from-whimbrels-aves-in-korea
#18
Young-Il Lee, Ok-Sik Chung, Min Seo
Adult specimens of Oswaldotrema nacinovici (Digenea: Philophthalmidae) have been first identified in Korea from 2 migratory birds (whimbrels, Numenius phaeopus) which were found dead at a western seashore area near Gunsan. The worms were recovered in the intestine of these birds. The worms were morphologically characterized by a large ventral sucker in comparison to the oral sucker, an external seminal vesicle extending beyond the posterior margin of the ventral sucker, and conspicuous uterine seminal receptacle...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095654/prevalence-and-molecular-characterization-of-intestinal-trichomonads-in-pet-dogs-in-east-china
#19
Wen-Chao Li, Kai Wang, Wei Zhang, Jingjing Wu, You-Fang Gu, Xi-Chen Zhang
The trichomonad species Tritrichomonas foetus and Pentatrichomonas hominis were recently detected in the feces of dogs with diarrhea. However, little information is available on the prevalence and pathogenicity of these parasites in the canine population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and molecular characterization of trichomonads infecting pet dogs in Anhui and Zhejiang provinces, east China. In total, 315 pet dogs, with or without diarrhea, from 7 pet hospitals were included in this epidemiological survey...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095551/acne-treatment-with-3-step-broadband-light-protocol
#20
Patrick Bitter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A new 3-step protocol using broadband light allows patients with moderate to severe in ammatory acne to avoid potential side effects of systemic acne treatments and the risks and uncertainties associated with laser and light treatments to date. The protocol also addresses acne scarring and, with appropriate modi cations, all skin types. METHODS: The protocol consists of 6 to 8 treatments performed with a single device that allows the user to select wavelength, spot size, uence, and pulse duration...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
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