Read by QxMD icon Read

Route cause analysis

Panagiotis Azmanis, Antonio di Somma, Lucia Pappalardo, Christu-Das Silvanose, Berit Bangoura
Cryptosporidiosis in raptors and falcons is well-known to be caused by Cryptosporidium baileyi and associated mainly with respiratory pathology. This report presents the diagnosis of an atypical cryptosporidiosis event caused by Cryptosporidium parvum, that to the authors' knowledge, is a case observed for the first time in falcons. Two falcons (Gyrfalcon x Peregrine hybrids) were presented for annual check without any clinical signs. Hematology, biochemistry, fecal and crop parasitology, radiographic and endoscopic examinations were performed...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
John Spiliotis, Nikolaos Kopanakis, Anastasia Prodromidou, Alexis Terras, Anastasia Polichronaki, Christina Koutikova, Anna Gogou, Christina Sidera, Elias Efstathiou
PURPOSE: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) has been proposed as the treatment of choice in patients suffering from intestinal failure (IF) and has been claimed to improve survival and quality of life either in patients with benign disorders or even in those with malignancies. The purpose of the present analysis was to report characteristics and outcomes of adult patients with IF receiving HPN in Greece. METHODS: Patients that received HPN between 2011 and 2017 were included in this retrospective analysis...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Benedikt Wynands, Christoph Lenzen, Maike Otto, Falk Koch, Lars M Blank, Nick Wierckx
Aromatic chemicals are important building blocks for the production of a multitude of everyday commodities. Currently, aromatics production relies almost exclusively on petrochemical processes. To achieve sustainability, alternative synthesis methods need to be developed. Here, we strived for an efficient production of phenol, a model aromatic compound of industrial relevance, from renewable carbon sources using the solvent-tolerant biocatalyst Pseudomonas taiwanensis VLB120. First, multiple catabolic routes for the degradation of aromatics and related compounds were inactivated, thereby obtaining the chassis strain P...
March 13, 2018: Metabolic Engineering
Kelly Barbosa Gama, Dourivaldo Silva Santos, Afrânio Ferreira Evangelista, Daniela Nascimento Silva, Adriano Costa de Alcântara, Ricardo Ribeiro Dos Santos, Milena Botelho Pereira Soares, Cristiane Flora Villarreal
Neuropathic pain is a type of chronic pain caused by injury or dysfunction of the nervous system, without effective therapeutic approaches. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), through their paracrine action, have great potential in the treatment of this syndrome. In the present study, the therapeutic potential of MSC-derived conditioned medium (CM) was investigated in a mouse model of neuropathic pain induced by partial sciatic nerve ligation (PSL). PSL mice were treated by endovenous route with bone marrow-derived MSCs (1 × 106 ), CM, or vehicle...
2018: Stem Cells International
Ebru Celik Kavak, Funda Gulcu Bulmus, Ozgur Bulmus, Salih Burcin Kavak, Nevin Kocaman
Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess the protective effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4 ) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced ovarian damage in a rat ovarian torsion model. Methods: Forty-two female Sprague Dawley rats were included in the study. They were divided into six groups as Group 1, sham; Group 2, bilateral ovarian torsion; Group 3, bilateral ovarian torsion-detorsion; Group 4, MgSO4 -sham; Group 5, MgSO4 -bilateral ovarian torsion; Group 6, bilateral ovarian torsion-MgSO4 -detorsion...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Yun-Kun Hong, GeonHee Cho, YoonSu Park, Soong Ju Oh, Don Hyung Ha
This study investigates the morphological change in colloidal ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized with trioctylphosphine (TOP). The addition of TOP to the synthesis causes an evolution in the shape of ZnO NPs to tadpole-like particles from quasi-spherical particles at 300 °C. The total length of the tadpole-like ZnO NPs can be modified by controlling the molar ratio of TOP to oleylamine (OLAM). The tadpole-like particles are elongated as the concentration of TOP increased but decreased when the addition of TOP is excessive...
March 7, 2018: Nanotechnology
Elita Jauneikaite, Georgia Kapatai, Frances Davies, Ioana Gozar, Juliana Coelho, Kathleen B Bamford, Benedetto Simone, Lipi Begum, Shannon Katiyo, Bharat Patel, Peter Hoffman, Theresa Lamagni, Eimear T Brannigan, Alison Holmes, Tokozani Kadhani, Tracey Galletly, Kate Martin, Hermione Lyall, Yimmy Chow, Sunit Godambe, Victoria Chalker, Shiranee Sriskandan
Background: Invasive Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a major cause of serious neonatal infection. Current strategies to reduce early onset GBS disease have no impact on late onset disease (LOD). Although GBS is a normal part of the enteric microbiota in healthy term infants, LOD cases arising in the neonatal intensive care unit setting raise questions about mode of acquisition. Methods: Enhanced surveillance for any case of late onset GBS sepsis admitted to a level 3, 24-bed neonatal intensive care unit over a 2 year period was instituted following a cluster of four cases...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Juha-Pekka Mattila, Leonardo Mirandola, Maurizio Chiriva-Internati
Although it only accounts for approximately 5% of all female cancer cases, ovarian cancer (OC) ranks as the fifth leading cause of death due to cancer in women. We have evaluated the potential of an orally administered microparticulate vaccine incorporating an immunodominant epitope peptide derived from the cancer/testis antigen sperm protein 17 (SP17) aberrantly expressed in OC, to retard the progression of the disease. The peptide antigen and the immune-stimulatory toll-like receptor 9 ligand CpG oligonucleotide were incorporated into spray dried microparticles composed of enteric and sustained release polymers together with the Aleuria aurantia lectin targeting microfold cells present in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Xueqin Lu, Jialing Ni, Guangyin Zhen, Kengo Kubota, Yu-You Li
Biochemical properties of granules are of vital importance to UASB performance. This study characterized the granules cultivated at different COD/SO4 2- ratios to elucidate the influence of sulfidogenesis on starch wastewater (1000 mg-COD L-1 ) biodegradation kinetics and process stability. Suitable sulfate addition enriched granular microecosystems and stimulated the secretion of extracellular substances, facilitating cells cohersion and sludge aggregation. The percentage of granules larger than 2.8 mm increased from <10...
February 15, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Z Zhang, J L Zhou, F Wang
Objective: To investigate the cause of intraocular metallic foreign body injury during hammer percussion and to observe the structure of the metallic foreign bodies. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in 21 inpatients with metallic foreign body injury in the posterior segment from January 2013 to April 2016. The foreign bodies were removed by magnetic drawing through external route of the sclera or vitrectomy. The shape of the foreign bodies was analyzed and the structural characteristics were observed under a metallurgical microscope...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Alain Isabwe, Jun R Yang, Yongming Wang, Lemian Liu, Huihuang Chen, Jun Yang
Although the influence of microbial community assembly processes on aquatic ecosystem function and biodiversity is well known, the processes that govern planktonic communities in human-impacted rivers remain largely unstudied. Here, we used multivariate statistics and a null model approach to test the hypothesis that environmental conditions and obstructed dispersal opportunities, dictate a deterministic community assembly for phytoplankton and bacterioplankton across contrasting hydrographic conditions in a subtropical mid-sized river (Jiulong River, southeast China)...
February 26, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Kelsey L Schoenemann, Frances Bonier
We often expect that investigations of the patterns, causes, and consequences of among-individual variation in a trait of interest will reveal how selective pressures or ecological conditions influence that trait. However, many endocrine traits, such as concentrations of glucocorticoid (GC) hormones, exhibit adaptive plasticity and, therefore, do not necessarily respond to these pressures as predicted by among-individual phenotypic correlations. To improve our interpretations of among-individual variation in GC concentrations, we need more information about the repeatability of these traits within individuals...
2018: PeerJ
Markku Lähteenvuo, Antti Tanskanen, Heidi Taipale, Fabian Hoti, Pia Vattulainen, Eduard Vieta, Jari Tiihonen
Importance: Mood stabilizers and antipsychotics are the main maintenance treatments for bipolar disorder. Lithium is considered to be the most effective mood stabilizer, but very little is known about overall health outcomes associated with specific treatments and the comparative long-term effectiveness of specific psychotropics or routes of administration in the prevention of rehospitalizations. Objective: To study the comparative effectiveness of pharmacologic treatments in the prevention of rehospitalization in a nationwide cohort of patients with bipolar disorder...
February 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Pierre Gladieux, Bradford Condon, Sebastien Ravel, Darren Soanes, Joao Leodato Nunes Maciel, Antonio Nhani, Li Chen, Ryohei Terauchi, Marc-Henri Lebrun, Didier Tharreau, Thomas Mitchell, Kerry F Pedley, Barbara Valent, Nicholas J Talbot, Mark Farman, Elisabeth Fournier
Delineating species and epidemic lineages in fungal plant pathogens is critical to our understanding of disease emergence and the structure of fungal biodiversity and also informs international regulatory decisions. Pyricularia oryzae (syn. Magnaporthe oryzae ) is a multihost pathogen that infects multiple grasses and cereals, is responsible for the most damaging rice disease (rice blast), and is of growing concern due to the recent introduction of wheat blast to Bangladesh from South America. However, the genetic structure and evolutionary history of M...
February 27, 2018: MBio
Chenyang Li, Greta Gölz, Thomas Alter, Andrea Barac, Stefan Hertwig, Carolin Riedel
Yersinia enterocolitica is a zoonotic enteropathogenic bacterium that can cause acute gastroenteritis and mesenteric lymphadenitis. Although Y. enterocolitica is common in animals, food, and the environment, the reservoirs and transmission routes of this pathogen are still not fully understood. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of Y. enterocolitica in seafood in Germany, because only limited data are available on that topic. Seafood samples were purchased from retail shops in Berlin, Germany and examined for the presence of Y...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Angela L Chiew, Christian Gluud, Jesper Brok, Nick A Buckley
BACKGROUND: Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is the most widely used non-prescription analgesic in the world. Paracetamol is commonly taken in overdose either deliberately or unintentionally. In high-income countries, paracetamol toxicity is a common cause of acute liver injury. There are various interventions to treat paracetamol poisoning, depending on the clinical status of the person. These interventions include inhibiting the absorption of paracetamol from the gastrointestinal tract (decontamination), removal of paracetamol from the vascular system, and antidotes to prevent the formation of, or to detoxify, metabolites...
February 23, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sarah Morton, Suzanne Wilson, Sheila Inglis, Karen Ritchie, Ann Wales
BACKGROUND: There are many challenges in delivering and evaluating knowledge for healthcare, but the lack of clear routes from knowledge to practice is a root cause of failures in safety within healthcare. Various types and sources of knowledge are relevant at different levels within the healthcare system. These need to be delivered in a timely way that is useful and actionable for those providing services or developing policies. How knowledge is taken up and used through networks and relationships, and the difficulties in attributing change to knowledge-based interventions, present challenges to understanding how knowledge into action (K2A) work influences healthcare outcomes...
February 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Mark A Hayes, Antoinette J Piaggio
Common vampire bats (Desmodus rotundus) occur throughout much of South America to northern México. Vampire bats have not been documented in recent history in the United States, but have been documented within about 50 km of the U.S. state of Texas. Vampire bats feed regularly on the blood of mammals and can transmit rabies virus to native species and livestock, causing impacts on the health of prey. Thus cattle producers, wildlife management agencies, and other stakeholders have expressed concerns about whether vampire bats might spread into the southern United States...
2018: PloS One
Halinder S Mangat
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major cause of mortality and disability. Post-traumatic intracranial hypertension (ICH) further complicates the care of patients. Hyperosmolar agents are recommended for the treatment of ICH, but no consensus or high-level data exist on the use of any particular agent or the route of administration. The two agents used commonly are hypertonic saline (HTS) and mannitol given as bolus therapy. Smaller studies suggest that HTS may be a superior agent in reducing the ICH burden, but neither agent has been shown to improve mortality or functional outcome...
February 20, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Aakash Garg, Lohit Garg, Manyoo Agarwal, Amit Rout, Hitesh Raheja, Sahil Agrawal, Sunil V Rao, Marc Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of routine invasive strategy (RIS) compared with selective invasive strategy (SIS) in elderly patients older than 75 years with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). METHODS: We systematically searched databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) between January 1, 1990, and October 1, 2016, comparing RIS with SIS for elderly patients (age>75 years) with NSTE-ACS. Random effects meta-analysis was conducted to estimate odds ratio (OR) with 95% CIs for composite of death or myocardial infarction (MI), and individual end points of all-cause death, cardiovascular (CV) death, MI, revascularization, and major bleeding...
February 10, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"