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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823123/carcass-characteristics-of-lambs-fed-spineless-cactus-as-a-replacement-for-sugarcane
#1
Juliana Paula Felipe de Oliveira, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Adryanne Marjorie Souza Vitor Alves, Ana Caroline Cerqueira de Melo, Ida Barbosa de Andrade, Stela Antas Urbano, Juraci Marcos Alves Suassuna, Leonardo José Assis de Barros, Tobias Tobit de Barros Melo
Objective: The fresh sugarcane has been a new roughage source for ruminant's in semiarid region, in function of the decadence of sugar and alcohol industry in the last years. However, the date published for lambs fed sugarcane associated with spineless cactus is scared. This study evaluated the effect of sugarcane replacement with spineless cactus (0, 33, 66, and 100%) in the diet of Santa Inês lambs on carcass characteristics. Methods: Thirty-six non-castrated Santa Ines lambs at four months of age and an initial body weight of 22 ± 2...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822709/the-influence-of-antidepressants-on-restless-legs-syndrome-and-periodic-limb-movements-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Bhanu Prakash Kolla, Meghna P Mansukhani, J Michael Bostwick
Restless legs syndrome is commonly co-morbid with medical conditions that are treated with antidepressant medications, such as depression, anxiety, fibromyalgia, and chronic insomnia disorder. Evidence from case reports and cross-sectional studies suggests that antidepressants may induce or worsen restless legs syndrome and increase periodic limb movements. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to identify and collate all prospective studies that measured restless legs syndrome symptoms and/or periodic limb movements following the introduction of an antidepressant...
June 15, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822327/improvements-in-balance-control-in-individuals-with-pcs-detected-following-vestibular-training-a-case-study
#3
Alyssa Prangley, Mathew Aggerholm, Michael Cinelli
Concussed individuals have been found to experience balance deficits in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction as indicated by greater Center of Pressure (COP) displacement and velocity. One possible reason for this change in balance control could be due to damage to the lateral vestibulospinal tract which sends signals to control posterior muscles, specifically ankle extensors leading to compensatory torques about the ankle. The purpose of the study was to quantify balance assessments in individuals experiencing persistent post-concussion symptoms (PCS) to determine balance control changes following a vestibular training intervention...
August 8, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821716/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-long-intergenic-non-coding-rnas-involved-in-skeletal-muscle-growth-and-development-in-pig
#4
Cheng Zou, Jingxuan Li, Wenzhe Luo, Long Li, An Hu, Yuhua Fu, Ye Hou, Changchun Li
Long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lincRNAs) play essential roles in numerous biological processes and are widely studied. The skeletal muscle is an important tissue that plays an essential role in individual movement ability. However, lincRNAs in pig skeletal muscles are largely undiscovered and their biological functions remain elusive. In this study, we assembled transcriptomes using RNA-seq data published in previous studies of our laboratory group and identified 323 lincRNAs in porcine leg muscle. We found that these lincRNAs have shorter transcript length, fewer exons and lower expression level than protein-coding genes...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821427/effects-of-different-strength-training-frequencies-on-maximum-strength-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-healthy-older-individuals
#5
Mari Turpela, Keijo Häkkinen, Guy Gregory Haff, Simon Walker
There is controversy in the literature regarding the dose-response relationship of strength training in healthy older participants. The present study determined training frequency effects on maximum strength, muscle mass and functional capacity over 6months following an initial 3-month preparatory strength training period. One-hundred and six 64-75year old volunteers were randomly assigned to one of four groups; performing strength training one (EX1), two (EX2), or three (EX3) times per week and a non-training control (CON) group...
August 15, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820881/vector-competence-of-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-from-three-distinct-cities-in-kenya-for-chikungunya-virus
#6
Sheila B Agha, Edith Chepkorir, Francis Mulwa, Caroline Tigoi, Samwel Arum, Milehna M Guarido, Peris Ambala, Betty Chelangat, Joel Lutomiah, David P Tchouassi, Michael J Turell, Rosemary Sang
BACKGROUND: In April, 2004, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Kenya and eventually spread to the islands in the Indian Ocean basin, South-East Asia, and the Americas. The virus, which is often associated with high levels of viremia in humans, is mostly transmitted by the urban vector, Aedes aegypti. The expansion of CHIKV presents a public health challenge both locally and internationally. In this study, we investigated the ability of Ae. aegypti mosquitoes from three distinct cities in Kenya; Mombasa (outbreak prone), Kisumu, and Nairobi (no documented outbreak) to transmit CHIKV...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820768/inespecific-macules-in-legs-answer
#7
Daniela Berroeta-Mauriziano, Verónica Vial-Letelier, Montserrat Molgó, Sergio Gonzalez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820765/inespecific-macules-in-legs-challenge
#8
Sergio Gonzalez, Daniela Berroeta, Verónica Vial, Montserrat Molgó
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820047/reversal-of-spinal-cord-ischemia-following-endovascular-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-repair-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#9
Emmanuel Urquieta, Joseph Varon, Peter H Lin
BACKGROUND: Neurological adverse events with spinal cord ischemia (SCI) remain one of the most feared complications in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). These patients can develop irreversible paraplegia with lifelong consequences with physical and psychological agony. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein present a patient who developed SCI with bilateral lower leg paraplegia on the third postoperative day following TEVAR. Spinal catheter was inserted for spinal fluid drainage...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819912/a-case-of-q-fever-with-erythema-nodosum
#10
E Meriglier, L Asquier, F Roblot, P Roblot, C Landron
BACKGROUND: Acute Q fever is asymptomatic in 60% of the patients, while the reminder may present with fever, pneumoniae, and hepatitis. Skin manifestations are uncommon including transient punctiform rashes, purpuric, or maculopapular eruptions. Erythema nodosum have seldom been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old female presented with fever for 1 month and skin lesions consists of erythematous painful nodule of the legs. Serological testing for Coxiella burnetii was positive...
August 17, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819894/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-dutch-version-of-the-core-outcome-measures-index-for-low-back-pain
#11
J Van Lerbeirghe, J Van Lerbeirghe, P Van Schaeybroeck, H Robijn, R Rasschaert, J Sys, T Parlevliet, G Hallaert, P Van Wambeke, B Depreitere
PURPOSE: The core outcome measures index (COMI) is a validated multidimensional instrument for assessing patient-reported outcome in patients with back problems. The aim of the present study is to translate the COMI into Dutch and validate it for use in native Dutch speakers with low back pain. METHODS: The COMI was translated into Dutch following established guidelines and avoiding region-specific terminology. A total of 89 Dutch-speaking patients with low back pain were recruited from 8 centers, located in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium...
August 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819879/lower-extremity-bypass-using-bovine-carotid-artery-graft-artegraft-an-analysis-of-124-cases-with-long-term-results
#12
Philip Lindsey, Angela Echeverria, Mathew Cheung, Elias Kfoury, Carlos F Bechara, Peter H Lin
INTRODUCTION: Although biological grafts have been utilized as a vascular conduit in leg bypass for many years, reports of a bovine carotid artery graft (BCAG) in lower extremity revascularization have been scarce. This study analyzed the outcome of lower leg bypass using BCAG. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of all patients undergoing lower extremity bypass using BCAG from 2002 to 2017 was performed. Clinical outcomes including graft patency and limb salvage were evaluated...
August 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819718/a-tree-branch-instead-of-a-ligature-an-unusual-accidental-hanging
#13
Amal Nishantha Vadysinghe, Murugupillai Sivasubramanium, Rankothge Pemasiri Jayasooriya
A unique case of accidental hanging due to compression of the neck of an adult by the branches of a coffee tree is reported. The decedent was a 42-year-old male who was found dead in a semi prone position on a slope. His neck was lodged in a wedge formed by two branches of a coffee tree, with his legs angled downwards on the slope. Autopsy revealed two friction abrasions located horizontally on either side of the front of the neck, just above the larynx. The findings were compatible with compression of the neck by the branches of the tree, with the body weight of the decedent contributing to compression...
August 18, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819607/a-gustilo-type-3b-open-tibial-fracture-treated-with-a-proximal-flexor-hallucis-longus-flap-a-case-report
#14
Tomohiro Yasuda, Masayuki Arai, Kaoru Sato, Koji Kanzaki
INTRODUCTION: In the treatment of Gustilo Type 3B open tibial fractures, it is important to perform soft tissue reconstruction and bone reconstruction simultaneously. Gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle flaps are generally used as rotational flaps for the tibia. The distal third of the tibia can often not be covered with the gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle flaps. Treatment distal to the distal third of the tibia is difficult because fewer flap options are available. In the present report, we describe our experience with a Gustilo Type 3B open tibial fracture treated by gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle flaps, along with an additional proximally based flexor hallucis longus flap, which is a rare procedure...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819592/insufficiency-fractures-of-the-distal-tibia-and-fibula-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#15
Ryu Kojima, Toshiki Miura, Eisei Fukatani
INTRODUCTION: Although periprosthetic fractures of the femur have been well documented, insufficiency fractures following total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been rarely described. We report a case of an insufficiency fracture in the distal tibia and fibula that occurred after THA. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman presented with severe pain in the bilateral hip joints and was diagnosed with end-stage osteoarthritis. She underwent THA on the right side. Although the postoperative course was uneventful, she suddenly experienced severe pain and swelling in the right leg without any history of trauma 22 weeks after the surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819006/increased-tissue-oxygenation-explains-the-attenuation-of-hyperaemia-upon-repetitive-pneumatic-compression-of-the-lower-leg
#16
Alessandro Messere, Gianluca Ceravolo, Walter Franco, Daniela Maffiodo, Carlo Ferraresi, Silvestro Roatta
Aim The rapid hyperaemia evoked by muscle compression is short-lived and was recently shown to undergo a rapid decrease even in spite of continuing mechanical stimulation. The present study aims at investigating the mechanisms underlying this attenuation which include local metabolic mechanisms, desensitization of mechano-sensitive pathways, and reduced efficacy of the muscle pump. Methods In 10 healthy subjects short sequences of mechanical compressions (n=3-6; 150 mmHg) of the lower leg were delivered at different inter-stimulus intervals (ranging from 20 to 160 s) through a customized pneumatic device...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819005/blood-pressure-and-leg-deoxygenation-are-exaggerated-during-treadmill-walking-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#17
Amanda J Miller, J Carter Luck, Danielle Jin-Kwang Kim, Urs A Leuenberger, David N Proctor, Lawrence I Sinoway, Matthew D Muller
The purpose of this study was to investigate blood pressure (BP) and leg skeletal muscle oxygen saturation (SmO2) during treadmill walking in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and healthy subjects. Eight PAD patients (66 ± 3 years, 1 female) and eight healthy subjects (65 ± 2 years, 1 female) walked on a treadmill at 2 miles/hour. The incline increased by 2% every 2 minutes from 0% to 15% or until maximal discomfort. BP was measured every 2 min with an auscultatory cuff. Heart rate (HR) was recorded continuously with an electrocardiogram...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818476/complex-anatomic-abnormalities-of-the-lower-leg-muscles-and-tendons-associated-with-phocomelia-a-case-report
#18
Thomas Hodo, Mark Hamrick, Yulia Melenevsky
Musculoskeletal anatomy is widely known to have components that stray from the norm in the form of variant muscle and tendon presence, absence, origin, insertion, and bifurcation. Although these variant muscles and tendons might be deemed incidental and insignificant findings by most, they can be important contributors to pathologic physiology or, more importantly, an option for effective treatment. In the present case report, we describe a patient with phocomelia and Müllerian abnormalities secondary to in utero thalidomide exposure...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818230/symptomatic-compression-of-right-iliac-vein-after-right-iliac-artery-stent-placement
#19
Lindsay Young, Jeontaik Kwon, Mariano Arosemena, Dawn Salvatore, Paul DiMuzio, Babak Abai
Right lower extremity edema can be a presenting symptom of iliocaval compression syndrome, even in the absence of deep vein thrombosis. It has been reported in idiopathic and rarely, iatrogenic, cases secondary to variant anatomy, arterial stents, and bony hardware. Classically seen in the more confined left common iliac vein as May-Thurner syndrome, it is rare on the right side. We report an unusual case of acute right common iliac vein compression after right iliac stent placement leading to symptomatic right leg edema...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818225/patient-centered-outcomes-of-a-dual-action-pneumatic-compression-device-in-comparison-to-compression-stockings-for-patients-with-chronic-venous-disease
#20
Fedor Lurie, Marc Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: The ACTitouch (AT) device (Tactile Medical, Minneapolis, Minn) represents a new generation of pneumatic compression devices by combining sustained compression with intermittent pneumatic compression. The sustained compression mode provides automatic pressure adjustment every 30 minutes, ensuring pressure consistency regardless of leg volume changes and environmental influences. Designed for mobile patients, this device has not been studied in comparison to standard compression stockings (CS)...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
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