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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926999/depression-and-risk-of-unintentional-injury-in-rural-communities-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-australian-rural-mental-health-study
#1
Kerry J Inder, Elizabeth G Holliday, Tonelle E Handley, Lyn J Fragar, Tony Lower, Angela Booth, Terry J Lewin, Brian J Kelly
Limited longitudinal research has examined relationships between depression and injury, particularly in rural contexts. This paper reports cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses from the Australian Rural Mental Health Study (ARMHS) exploring relationships between "probable depression" episodes and unintentional injury. Participants completed four surveys over five years. Multivariate logistic regressions were employed to assess the causal effect of prior depression episodes on subsequent injury risk. Of 2621 baseline participants, 23...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925986/association-between-emotional-symptoms-and-job-demands-in-an-asian-electronics-factory
#2
Wei-Lieh Huang, Yue Leon Guo, Pau-Chung Chen, Jui Wang, Po-Ching Chu
Various work-related issues including mental health have been described for the electronic industry. Although East Asian countries play important roles in the electronics industry, the association between job demands and emotional symptoms has been rarely examined. The present study recruited 603 workers from either office or clean room environments in an electronics factory in Taiwan. Their personal factors, work-related factors, and emotional symptoms were assessed by a self-administered questionnaire. The symptoms of depression and hostility were reported in 24...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#3
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924676/psychosocial-impact-of-cancer
#4
Susanne Singer
Diagnosis and treatment of malignant diseases affect in many ways the lives of patients, relatives and friends. Common reactions immediately after the diagnosis are shock and denial, frequently followed by depression, anxiety and/or anger. About a third of all cancer patients suffer from a co-morbid mental health condition, requiring professional support by the entire medical team, including psycho-oncologists. Often overlooked issues are financial and social problems due to inability to work or due to out-of-pocket costs for the medical treatment...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923192/sickness-absenteeism-is-associated-with-sleep-problems-independent-of-sleep-disorders-results-of-the-2016-sleep-health-foundation-national-survey
#5
Amy C Reynolds, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Anne W Taylor, R Douglas McEvoy, Sally A Ferguson, Robert J Adams
INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders are associated with sickness absenteeism (SA), at significant economic cost. Correlates of absenteeism are less well described in nonclinical samples. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We determined the relationship between markers of inadequate sleep and SA in a sample of 551 working adults aged ≥18 years across Australia. We considered diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and insomnia symptoms, daytime symptoms, and sleepiness with respect to sickness absenteeism (missing ≥1 day of work in the past 28 days because of problems with physical or mental health)...
October 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923098/patient-reported-outcomes-of-baricitinib-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-no-or-limited-prior-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drug-treatment
#6
Michael Schiff, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Roy Fleischmann, Carol L Gaich, Amy M DeLozier, Douglas Schlichting, Wen-Ling Kuo, Ji-Eon Won, Tara Carmack, Terence Rooney, Patrick Durez, Saeed Shaikh, Rodolfo Pardo Hidalgo, Ronald van Vollenhoven, Cristiano A F Zerbini
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in a double-blind, phase III study of baricitinib as monotherapy or combined with methotrexate (MTX) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with no or minimal prior conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and naïve to biological DMARDs. METHODS: Patients were randomized 4:3:4 to MTX administered once weekly (N = 210), baricitinib monotherapy (4 mg once daily (QD), N = 159), or combination of baricitinib (4 mg QD) and MTX (baricitinib + MTX, N = 215)...
September 18, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#7
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921049/the-association-between-exposure-to-psychosocial-work-factors-and-mental-health-in-older-employees-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#8
Bo M Havermans, Cécile R L Boot, Trynke Hoekstra, Irene L D Houtman, Evelien P M Brouwers, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek
PURPOSE: Unfavourable exposure to psychosocial work factors threatens older employees' mental health, and their sustained employment. This study assesses whether an improved compared to stable unfavourable and stable favourable exposure to psychosocial work factors is associated with a change in mental health in older employees at 3-year follow-up. METHODS: The current study used data from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation (STREAM), in workers aged 45-65 years (n = 5249)...
September 18, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920521/implementing-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-psychosocial-care-units-caps-in-brazil
#9
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R da Silva, Marta Rd Campos, Helena F Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M Champagne, Katherine E Kemper, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS - Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. METHODS: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920011/perceived-racial-ethnic-discrimination-and-mental-health-a-review-and-future-directions-for-social-epidemiology
#10
Anissa I Vines, Julia B Ward, Evette Cordoba, Kristin Z Black
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent literature on racial or ethnic discrimination and mental health was reviewed to assess the current science and identify key areas of emphasis for social epidemiology. Objectives of this review were to: 1) Determine whether there have been advancements in the measurement and analysis of perceived discrimination; 2) Identify the use of theories and/or frameworks in perceived discrimination and mental health research; and 3) Assess the extent to which stress buffers are being considered and evaluated in the existing literature...
June 2017: Current Epidemiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919590/a-study-of-the-discussions-on-psychiatry-of-korea-in-the-1960s-and-1970s-from-mental-hygiene-to-modern-psychiatry
#11
Ji-Yeon Im
This study is to review the emergence of new psychiatrists, scientific rationalization, and popular internalization to reorganize the formation process of modern psychological medicine system. Unlike eugenic psychiatry from the Japanese Colonial Era, the social conditions and contexts forming autonomous system of psychiatry of Korea in the 1960s and 1970s have been concentrated. The discussion approach has been tried to secure two perspectives-treatment and criticism-at the same time and to expand the time and scope of study through the extensive texts such as newspapers, magazines, books, advertisements, and others in the 1960s and 1970s...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919056/an-exploration-of-person-centred-concepts-in-human-services-a-thematic-analysis-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Rebecca A Waters, Angus Buchanan
Being 'person-centred' in the delivery of health and human services has become synonymous with quality care, and it is a core feature of policy reform in Australia and other Western countries. This research aimed to identify the uses, definitions and characteristics of the term 'person-centred' in the ageing, mental health and disability literature. A thematic analysis identified seven common core themes of person-centredness: honouring the person, being in relationship, facilitating participation and engagement, social inclusion/citizenship, experiencing compassionate love, being strengths/capacity focussed, and organisational characteristics...
September 8, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918860/prevalence-of-work-related-common-psychiatric-disorders-in-primary-care-the-french-h%C3%A3-racl%C3%A3-s-study
#13
M Rivière, L Plancke, A Leroyer, T Blanchon, T Prazuck, H Prouvost, B Sobczak, C De Pauw, L Ferreira Carreira, Y Toullic, P Lerouge, M Melchior, N Younès
General practitioners (GP), on the frontline for individuals with mental health problems, often deal with work-related common psychiatric disorders. We aimed to determine the prevalence of work-related common psychiatric disorders in general practice and associated patients' and GPs' characteristics. HERACLES, a cross-sectional study among 2019 working patients of 121 GPs in the Nord - Pas-de-Calais region in France. Common psychiatric disorders were assessed using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview, patient-perceived psychological distress and GP-diagnosed psychiatric disorders...
September 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918762/standard-comparison-of-local-mental-health-care-systems-in-eight-european-countries
#14
M R Gutiérrez-Colosía, L Salvador-Carulla, J A Salinas-Pérez, C R García-Alonso, J Cid, D Salazzari, I Montagni, F Tedeschi, G Cetrano, K Chevreul, J Kalseth, G Hagmair, C Straßmayr, A L Park, R Sfectu, T Ala-Nikkola, J L González-Caballero, L Rabbi, B Kalseth, F Amaddeo
AIMS: There is a need of more quantitative standardised data to compare local Mental Health Systems (MHSs) across international jurisdictions. Problems related to terminological variability and commensurability in the evaluation of services hamper like-with-like comparisons and hinder the development of work in this area. This study was aimed to provide standard assessment and comparison of MHS in selected local areas in Europe, contributing to a better understanding of MHS and related allocation of resources at local level and to lessen the scarcity in standard service comparison in Europe...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918719/is-the-prevalence-of-mental-illness-increasing-in-australia-evidence-from-national-health-surveys-and-administrative-data-2001-2014
#15
Samuel B Harvey, Mark Deady, Min-Jung Wang, Arnstein Mykletun, Peter Butterworth, Helen Christensen, Philip B Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: To assess changes in the prevalence rates of probable common mental disorders (CMDs) and in rates of disability support pensions (DSPs) for people with psychiatric disorders in Australia between 2001 and 2014. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Secondary analysis of data from five successive Australian national health surveys of representative samples of the working age population (18-65 years of age) and national data on DSP recipients. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of probable CMDs with very high symptom level (defined by a Kessler Psychological Distress Scale [K10] score of 30 or more) or with high symptom level (K10 score of 22 or more); the proportion of working age Australians receiving DSPs for psychiatric conditions...
June 19, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918171/the-association-between-delirium-and-sarcopenia-in-older-adult-patients-admitted-to-acute-geriatrics-units-results-from-the-glisten-multicenter-observational-study
#16
Giuseppe Bellelli, Antonella Zambon, Stefano Volpato, Pasquale Abete, Lara Bianchi, Mario Bo, Antonio Cherubini, Francesco Corica, Mauro Di Bari, Marcello Maggio, Giovanna Maria Manca, Maria Rosaria Rizzo, Andrea Rossi, Francesco Landi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To date, studies assessing the relationship between sarcopenia and delirium, two of the most common geriatric syndromes, are lacking. We sought to explore this association by investigating the co-occurrence of these two conditions and the independent association between them in a population of hospitalized older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional multicenter analysis of older adults consecutively admitted to 12 acute geriatric units (AGUs). Sarcopenia was assessed upon admission by evaluating the presence of low skeletal mass index (kg/m(2)), and either low handgrip strength or low walking speed (European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, EWGSOP criteria)...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917392/description-of-a-multi-university-education-and-collaborative-care-child-psychiatry-access-program-new-york-state-s-cap-pc
#17
D L Kaye, V Fornari, M Scharf, W Fremont, R Zuckerbrot, C Foley, T Hargrave, B A Smith, J Wallace, G Blakeslee, J Petras, S Sengupta, J Singarayer, A Cogswell, I Bhatia, P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Although, child mental health problems are widespread, few get adequate treatment, and there is a severe shortage of child psychiatrists. To address this public health need many states have adopted collaborative care programs to assist primary care to better assess and manage pediatric mental health concerns. This report adds to the small literature on collaborative care programs and describes one large program that covers most of New York state. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: CAP PC, a component program of New York State's Office of Mental Health (OMH) Project TEACH, has provided education and consultation support to primary care providers covering most of New York state since 2010...
September 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917381/uncovering-burden-disparity-a-comparative-analysis-of-the-impact-of-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis-and-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#18
Iltefat H Hamzavi, Murali Sundaram, Cynthia Nicholson, Marko Zivkovic, Angela Parks-Miller, Jianyi Lee, Jingbo Yi, Yihua Gu, Martin M Okun, Arijit Ganguli, Steve R Arikian
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis and hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) exhibit distinct clinical features, but no studies have directly compared the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with moderate-to-severe manifestations of these conditions. OBJECTIVE: To determine which disease is associated with more severe HRQoL impairment. METHODS: Weighted averages of each of the following baseline HRQoL measures were determined and compared between HS and psoriasis populations from 5 clinical trials: Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain, Total Work Productivity Impairment, Dermatology Life Quality Index; EuroQOL 5D VAS, and Short Form-36 Health Survey...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917115/comparisons-of-depression-anxiety-well-being-and-perceptions-of-the-built-environment-amongst-adults-seeking-social-intermediate-and-market-rent-accommodation-in-the-former-london-olympic-athletes-village
#19
Bina Ram, Aparna Shankar, Claire M Nightingale, Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Steven Cummins, Daniel Lewis, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) study provides a unique opportunity to examine differences in mental health and well-being amongst adults seeking social, intermediate (affordable rent), and market-rent housing in a purpose built neighbourhood (East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes' Village), specifically designed to encourage positive health behaviours. Multi-level logistic regression models examined baseline differences in levels of depression, anxiety and well-being across the housing groups...
September 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#20
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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