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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162841/adherence-to-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-medication-during-the-transition-to-college
#1
Megan R Schaefer, Alana Resmini Rawlinson, Scott T Wagoner, Steven K Shapiro, Jan Kavookjian, Wendy N Gray
PURPOSE: The present study explores the medication self-management experiences of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during their transition to young adulthood in college. METHODS: Participants were college freshmen with ADHD prescribed daily medication for their condition. Ten individual interviews were conducted using a semistructured interview script. Measures related to ADHD medication management were also completed. Qualitative data were analyzed via directed content analysis and quantitative data via descriptive statistics...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131008/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-loneliness-among-adults-in-the-general-population
#2
Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Vladislav Ruchkin, Yoko Kamio
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loneliness is scarce even though factors which have been previously linked to loneliness, such as divorce and poorer mental health may be more prevalent among adults with ADHD. This study investigated the relation between ADHD symptoms/symptom severity and loneliness in the general adult population. METHODS: Data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007 (N=7403, aged ≥16years) were analyzed...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116741/comorbid-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis
#3
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Roghayeh Naghinezhad, Sara Farhang, Salman Abdi
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted with the aim of identifying the frequency of comorbid psychiatricdisorders in children and adolescents with nocturnal enuresis (NE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, 183 children and adolescents aged 5-18 years withNE referred to psychiatric clinics at Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were selected in 2015. A structuredclinical diagnostic interview, the kiddie-schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia (K-SADS), was employedbased on the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) for the diagnosis of NEand comorbid psychiatric disorders...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093033/the-functional-impact-of-sleep-disorders-in-children-with-adhd
#4
Stephanie G Craig, Margaret D Weiss, Kristen L Hudec, Christopher Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD display higher rates of sleep problems, and both sleep disorders and ADHD have been shown to affect functioning in childhood. The current study examines the frequency and relationship between sleep problems and ADHD, and their impact on quality of life (QoL) and functional impairment. METHOD: Parents of 192 children with ADHD ( M = 10.23 years) completed measures regarding their child's ADHD symptoms (Swanson, Nolan and Pelham [SNAP]), sleep disorders (Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire [PSQ]), QoL (Child Health Illness Profile [CHIP-PE]), and functioning (Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report [WFIRS-P])...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093027/effects-of-amphetamine-and-methylphenidate-on-attentional-performance-and-impulsivity-in-the-mouse-5-choice-serial-reaction-time-task
#5
Maitane Caballero-Puntiverio, Ciarán Martin Fitzpatrick, David Pd Woldbye, Jesper Tobias Andreasen
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the effects of conventional attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication in the mouse 5-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT), and rat studies have yielded inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the effects of acute methylphenidate (MPH) and amphetamine (AMPH) treatment in the mouse 5-CSRTT. METHODS: Trained male C57Bl/6J mice were tested in a variable stimulus duration schedule...
February 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032202/pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-tic-symptoms-clinical-presentation-and-treatment-outcome
#6
Davíð R M A Højgaard, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Judith Becker Nissen, Katja A Hybel, Tord Ivarsson, Per Hove Thomsen
: Some studies have shown that children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and co-morbid tics differ from those without co-morbid tics in terms of several demographic and clinical characteristics. However, not all studies have confirmed these differences. This study examined children and adolescents with OCD and with possible or definite tic specifiers according to the DSM-5 in order to see whether they differ from patients without any tic symptoms regarding clinical presentation and outcome of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)...
December 28, 2016: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988331/parental-warmth-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-puerto-rican-children-in-two-different-socio-cultural-contexts
#7
Olga Santesteban-Echarri, María A Ramos-Olazagasti, Ruth E Eisenberg, Chiaying Wei, Héctor R Bird, Glorisa Canino, Cristiane S Duarte
BACKGROUND: Parental warmth (PW) has a strong influence on child development and may precede the onset of psychiatric disorders in children. PW is interconnected with other family processes (e.g., coercive discipline) that may also influence the development of psychiatric disorders in children. We prospectively examined the association between PW and child psychiatric disorders (anxiety, major depression disorder, ADHD, disruptive behavior disorders) over the course of three years among Puerto Rican youth, above and beyond the influence of other family factors...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928244/theory-of-mind-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-euthymic-phase-%C3%A2-using-the-strange-stories-test
#8
Hamid Zarrabipoor, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Zahra Shahrivar
Objective: This study evaluated the theory of mind (ToM) in adolescents diagnosed with bipolar disorder ‎‎(BD) during their euthymic period compared to a typically developing (TD) group.‎ Method: The BD group consisted of thirty 11-18 year old inpatients in euthymic phase. The TD ‎group included 30 age, gender, and IQ matched volunteer students. To assess the diagnosis and ‎comorbid disorders, we performed the semi-structured interview of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders ‎and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) for the BD adolescents...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909389/assessing-attention-and-disruptive-behavior-symptoms-in-preschool-age-children-the-utility-of-the-diagnostic-interview-schedule-for-children
#9
Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, David H Arnold, Elizabeth A Harvey, Nastassja Marshall
Data are presented from two samples of preschool children to evaluate the reliability, concurrent validity, and predictive validity of the ADHD, ODD, and CD sections of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Fourth Edition (DISC-IV). Information was obtained from a community sample of 128 children (Mage = 53.16 months; 63 girls) and from a sample of 72 externalizing children (Mage = 45.23 months; 31 girls) plus 25 control children (Mage = 44.51 months; 8 girls). In both studies, the DISC-IV was administered to parents along with parent and teacher behavior rating scales, and teacher rating scales were obtained again later to evaluate the predictive validity of the DISC-IV (after approximately 6 months in Study 1, and 3 years in Study 2)...
January 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864066/stimulus-control-in-two-rodent-models-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Adam E Fox, Sierra R Caramia, Molly M Haskell, Aerial L Ramey, Depika Singha
The spontaneously hypertensive (SHR/NCrl) rat from Charles River is one of the most widely used models of the combined subtype of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD-C). Although often used as its control strain, the Wistar Kyoto (WKY/NCrl) from Charles River has been proposed as a model of the predominately inattentive subtype of ADHD (ADHD-PI). In Experiment 1 SHR/NCrl, WKY/NCrl, and Wistar (WI; the progenitor strain for the two models) rats were trained on a left→right lever-press sequence in the presence of light discriminative stimuli that signaled the active lever in the sequence...
February 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862704/what-happens-to-children-who-move-off-the-autism-spectrum-a-clinical-follow-up-study
#11
Nahit Motavalli Mukaddes, Tuba Mutluer, Basak Ayik, Ayla Umut
OBJECTIVES: There is controversial information on school age outcome of individuals who lose the diagnosis of autism and achieve "optimal outcome" (OO). The present study aimed to assess the autism symptoms and other psychiatric disorders in a group of children with a past history of autism. METHODS: The study includes individuals (n=26) who lost the diagnosis of autism two to eight years previously. Clinical assessment was done with both parents and children. DSM-V criteria were used for diagnosis of ASD...
November 12, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803715/knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-towards-the-illness
#12
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar, Sina Rahmani Ivrigh, Salman Abdi
BACKGROUND: The knowledge and attitude of parents about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a public health issue in which management and rehabilitation approaches may be influenced. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of the parents of children with ADHD towards this disorder in Tabriz, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current cross-sectional study evaluated 295 parents of children and adolescents with ADHD referred to psychiatric clinics of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790483/effect-of-poly-unsaturated-fatty-acids-administration-on-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Puneet Anand, Ankur Sachdeva
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder of childhood. Studies have indicated nutritional deficiencies, particularly Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) deficiency in these children and have suggested supplementation with PUFA for clinical improvement. AIM: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of PUFA administration in Indian children with ADHD. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was conducted in the paediatrics and psychiatry departments of a tertiary care hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750114/adhd-symptoms-and-pain-among-adults-in-england
#14
Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yoko Kamio
Prior research has produced conflicting findings on the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pain, while studies among community-dwelling adults are lacking. This study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and pain in the general adult population, and the extent to which this association is influenced by comorbid common mental disorders (CMDs). Data came from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey which included a representative sample of the English adult household population aged ≥16 years (N=7403)...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690507/prescription-stimulant-medication-misuse-where-are-we-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#15
Lisa L Weyandt, Danielle R Oster, Marisa E Marraccini, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Bailey A Munro, Emma S Rathkey, Alison McCallum
Prescription stimulants, including methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine compounds (e.g., dextroamphetamine; Adderall), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are classified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as Schedule II medications because of their high potential for abuse and dependence (Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). Despite the potential health and judicial consequences, misuse of prescription stimulants, typically defined as taking stimulants without a valid prescription, or use of stimulants other than as prescribed, has become a serious problem in the United States and abroad, especially on college campuses...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652281/adgrl3-lphn3-variants-are-associated-with-a-refined-phenotype-of-adhd-in-the-mta-study
#16
Maria T Acosta, James Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, Brooke S G Molina, Ariel F Martinez, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, Maximilian Muenke
BACKGROUND: ADHD is the most common neuropsychiatric condition affecting individuals of all ages. Long-term outcomes of affected individuals and association with severe comorbidities as SUD or conduct disorders are the main concern. Genetic associations have been extensively described. Multiple studies show that intronic variants harbored in the ADGRL3 (LPHN3) gene are associated with ADHD, especially associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated this association in the Multimodal Treatment Study of children with ADHD (MTA), initiated as a 14-month randomized clinical trial of 579 children diagnosed with DSM-IV ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C), that transitioned to a 16-year prospective observational follow-up, and 289 classmates added at the 2-year assessment to serve as a local normative comparison group (LNCG)...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650395/the-features-of-comorbidity-of-childhood-adhd-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Fahri Çelebi, Ahmet Koyuncu, Erhan Ertekin, Behiye Alyanak, Raşit Tükel
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the impact of childhood ADHD comorbidity on the clinical features of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Ninety-five adult outpatients with a diagnosis of OCD were assessed by using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version, ADHD module, and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Patients with or without childhood ADHD were compared in terms of the sociodemographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidities, and rating scales...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624435/child-behavior-checklist-profiles-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-and-depressive-disorders
#18
Kukju Kweon, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Kee Jeong Park, Yeonho Joo, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) profiles in youths with bipolar and depressive disorders. METHODS: Seventy-four subjects with a mean age of 14.9±1.6years (36 boys) with mood disorders and their parents were recruited from September 2011 to June 2013 in the Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Diagnosis of mood disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorder was confirmed by child psychiatrists using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children - Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611786/evidence-for-increased-behavioral-control-by-punishment-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
E Furukawa, B Alsop, P Sowerby, S Jensen, G Tripp
BACKGROUND: The behavioral sensitivity of children with ADHD to punishment has received limited theoretical and experimental attention. This study evaluated the effects of punishment on the response allocation of children with ADHD and typically developing children. METHOD: Two hundred and ten children, 145 diagnosed with ADHD, completed an operant task in which they chose between playing two simultaneously available games. Reward was arranged symmetrically across the games under concurrent variable interval schedules...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605916/comparative-evaluation-of-child-behavior-checklist-derived-scales-in-children-clinically-referred-for-emotional-and-behavioral-dysregulation
#20
Efstathios Papachristou, Kurt Schulz, Jeffrey Newcorn, Anne-Claude V Bédard, Jeffrey M Halperin, Sophia Frangou
BACKGROUND: We recently developed the Child Behavior Checklist-Mania Scale (CBCL-MS), a novel and short instrument for the assessment of mania-like symptoms in children and adolescents derived from the CBCL item pool and have demonstrated its construct validity and temporal stability in a longitudinal general population sample. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of the 19-item CBCL-MS in a clinical sample and to compare its discriminatory ability to that of the 40-item CBCL-dysregulation profile (CBCL-DP) and the 34-item CBCL-Externalizing Scale...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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