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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909389/assessing-attention-and-disruptive-behavior-symptoms-in-preschool-age-children-the-utility-of-the-diagnostic-interview-schedule-for-children
#1
Benjamin Rolon-Arroyo, David H Arnold, Elizabeth A Harvey, Nastassja Marshall
Data are presented from two samples of preschool children to evaluate the reliability, concurrent validity, and predictive validity of the ADHD, ODD, and CD sections of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Fourth Edition (DISC-IV). Information was obtained from a community sample of 128 children (Mage = 53.16 months; 63 girls) and from a sample of 72 externalizing children (Mage = 45.23 months; 31 girls) plus 25 control children (Mage = 44.51 months; 8 girls). In both studies, the DISC-IV was administered to parents along with parent and teacher behavior rating scales, and teacher rating scales were obtained again later to evaluate the predictive validity of the DISC-IV (after approximately 6 months in Study 1, and 3 years in Study 2)...
January 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864066/stimulus-control-in-two-rodent-models-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Adam E Fox, Sierra R Caramia, Molly M Haskell, Aerial L Ramey, Depika Singha
The spontaneously hypertensive (SHR/NCrl) rat from Charles River is one of the most widely used models of the combined subtype of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD-C). Although often used as its control strain, the Wistar Kyoto (WKY/NCrl) from Charles River has been proposed as a model of the predominately inattentive subtype of ADHD (ADHD-PI). In Experiment 1 SHR/NCrl, WKY/NCrl, and Wistar (WI; the progenitor strain for the two models) rats were trained on a left→right lever-press sequence in the presence of light discriminative stimuli that signaled the active lever in the sequence...
November 15, 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862704/what-happens-to-children-who-move-off-the-autism-spectrum-a-clinical-follow-up-study
#3
Nahit Motavalli Mukaddes, Tuba Mutluer, Basak Ayik, Ayla Umut
OBJECTIVES: There is controversial information on school age outcome of individuals who lose the diagnosis of autism and achieve "optimal outcome" (OO). The present study aimed to assess the autism symptoms and other psychiatric disorders in a group of children with a past history of autism. METHODS: The study includes individuals (n=26) who lost the diagnosis of autism two to eight years previously. Clinical assessment was done with both parents and children. DSM-V criteria were used for diagnosis of ASD...
November 12, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803715/knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-towards-the-illness
#4
Shahrokh Amiri, Ali Reza Shafiee-Kandjani, Seyed Gholamreza Noorazar, Sina Rahmani Ivrigh, Salman Abdi
BACKGROUND: The knowledge and attitude of parents about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a public health issue in which management and rehabilitation approaches may be influenced. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of the parents of children with ADHD towards this disorder in Tabriz, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current cross-sectional study evaluated 295 parents of children and adolescents with ADHD referred to psychiatric clinics of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790483/effect-of-poly-unsaturated-fatty-acids-administration-on-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Puneet Anand, Ankur Sachdeva
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder of childhood. Studies have indicated nutritional deficiencies, particularly Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acids (PUFA) deficiency in these children and have suggested supplementation with PUFA for clinical improvement. AIM: The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of PUFA administration in Indian children with ADHD. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was conducted in the paediatrics and psychiatry departments of a tertiary care hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750114/adhd-symptoms-and-pain-among-adults-in-england
#6
Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yoko Kamio
Prior research has produced conflicting findings on the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pain, while studies among community-dwelling adults are lacking. This study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and pain in the general adult population, and the extent to which this association is influenced by comorbid common mental disorders (CMDs). Data came from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey which included a representative sample of the English adult household population aged ≥16 years (N=7403)...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690507/prescription-stimulant-medication-misuse-where-are-we-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#7
Lisa L Weyandt, Danielle R Oster, Marisa E Marraccini, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Bailey A Munro, Emma S Rathkey, Alison McCallum
Prescription stimulants, including methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine compounds (e.g., dextroamphetamine; Adderall), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are classified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as Schedule II medications because of their high potential for abuse and dependence (Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). Despite the potential health and judicial consequences, misuse of prescription stimulants, typically defined as taking stimulants without a valid prescription, or use of stimulants other than as prescribed, has become a serious problem in the United States and abroad, especially on college campuses...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652281/adgrl3-lphn3-variants-are-associated-with-a-refined-phenotype-of-adhd-in-the-mta-study
#8
Maria T Acosta, James Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, Brooke S G Molina, Ariel F Martinez, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, Maximilian Muenke
BACKGROUND: ADHD is the most common neuropsychiatric condition affecting individuals of all ages. Long-term outcomes of affected individuals and association with severe comorbidities as SUD or conduct disorders are the main concern. Genetic associations have been extensively described. Multiple studies show that intronic variants harbored in the ADGRL3 (LPHN3) gene are associated with ADHD, especially associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated this association in the Multimodal Treatment Study of children with ADHD (MTA), initiated as a 14-month randomized clinical trial of 579 children diagnosed with DSM-IV ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C), that transitioned to a 16-year prospective observational follow-up, and 289 classmates added at the 2-year assessment to serve as a local normative comparison group (LNCG)...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650395/the-features-of-comorbidity-of-childhood-adhd-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#9
Fahri Çelebi, Ahmet Koyuncu, Erhan Ertekin, Behiye Alyanak, Raşit Tükel
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the impact of childhood ADHD comorbidity on the clinical features of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Ninety-five adult outpatients with a diagnosis of OCD were assessed by using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version, ADHD module, and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Patients with or without childhood ADHD were compared in terms of the sociodemographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidities, and rating scales...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624435/child-behavior-checklist-profiles-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-and-depressive-disorders
#10
Kukju Kweon, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Kee Jeong Park, Yeonho Joo, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) profiles in youths with bipolar and depressive disorders. METHODS: Seventy-four subjects with a mean age of 14.9±1.6years (36 boys) with mood disorders and their parents were recruited from September 2011 to June 2013 in the Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Diagnosis of mood disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorder was confirmed by child psychiatrists using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children - Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611786/evidence-for-increased-behavioral-control-by-punishment-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
E Furukawa, B Alsop, P Sowerby, S Jensen, G Tripp
BACKGROUND: The behavioral sensitivity of children with ADHD to punishment has received limited theoretical and experimental attention. This study evaluated the effects of punishment on the response allocation of children with ADHD and typically developing children. METHOD: Two hundred and ten children, 145 diagnosed with ADHD, completed an operant task in which they chose between playing two simultaneously available games. Reward was arranged symmetrically across the games under concurrent variable interval schedules...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605916/comparative-evaluation-of-child-behavior-checklist-derived-scales-in-children-clinically-referred-for-emotional-and-behavioral-dysregulation
#12
Efstathios Papachristou, Kurt Schulz, Jeffrey Newcorn, Anne-Claude V Bédard, Jeffrey M Halperin, Sophia Frangou
BACKGROUND: We recently developed the Child Behavior Checklist-Mania Scale (CBCL-MS), a novel and short instrument for the assessment of mania-like symptoms in children and adolescents derived from the CBCL item pool and have demonstrated its construct validity and temporal stability in a longitudinal general population sample. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of the 19-item CBCL-MS in a clinical sample and to compare its discriminatory ability to that of the 40-item CBCL-dysregulation profile (CBCL-DP) and the 34-item CBCL-Externalizing Scale...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600990/adolescent-d-amphetamine-treatment-in-a-rodent-model-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-impact-on-cocaine-abuse-vulnerability-in-adulthood
#13
Chloe J Jordan, Carley Lemay, Linda P Dwoskin, Kathleen M Kantak
RATIONALE: Stimulant medications for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescents remain controversial with respect to later development of cocaine abuse. Past research demonstrated that adolescent methylphenidate treatment increased several aspects of cocaine self-administration during adulthood using the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model of ADHD. Presently, we determined effects of the alternate stimulant medication, d-amphetamine, on cocaine self-administration...
December 2016: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551667/synchrony-of-auditory-brain-responses-predicts-behavioral-ability-to-keep-still-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-auditory-evoked-response-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Yuko Yoshimura, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Hirotoshi Hiraishi, Chiaki Hasegawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Gerard B Remijn, Manabu Oi, Toshio Munesue, Haruhiro Higashida, Yoshio Minabe
The auditory-evoked P1m, recorded by magnetoencephalography, reflects a central auditory processing ability in human children. One recent study revealed that asynchrony of P1m between the right and left hemispheres reflected a central auditory processing disorder (i.e., attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD) in children. However, to date, the relationship between auditory P1m right-left hemispheric synchronization and the comorbidity of hyperactivity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is unknown...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503703/prevalence-of-autism-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-down-syndrome-a-population-based-study
#15
Ulrika Wester Oxelgren, Åsa Myrelid, Göran Annerén, Bodil Ekstam, Cathrine Göransson, Agneta Holmbom, Anne Isaksson, Marie Åberg, Jan Gustafsson, Elisabeth Fernell
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a population-based group of children and adolescents with Down syndrome, and to relate the findings to level of intellectual disability and to medical conditions. METHOD: From a population-based cohort of 60 children and adolescents with Down syndrome, 41 individuals (29 males, 12 females; mean age 11y, age range 5-17y) for whom parents gave consent for participation were clinically assessed with regard to ASD and ADHD...
August 9, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500456/prevalence-correlates-psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-in-a-community-population-with-problematic-internet-use
#16
Byung-Soo Kim, Sung Man Chang, Jee Eun Park, Su Jeong Seong, Seung Hee Won, Maeng Je Cho
We examined the prevalence, correlates, and psychiatric comorbidities of community-dwelling subjects with problematic Internet use (PIU). In an epidemiological survey of mental disorders among Korean adults conducted in 2006, 6510 subjects (aged 18-64 years) completed the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV psychiatric disorders; Diagnostic Interview Schedule exploring pathological gambling; Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1 Screener; questionnaire for sleep disturbances; and questionnaire for suicidal ideations, plans, and attempts...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400778/clinical-service-use-as-people-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-transition-into-adolescence-and-adulthood-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#17
Hanna Eklund, Tim Cadman, James Findon, Hannah Hayward, Deirdre Howley, Jennifer Beecham, Kiriakos Xenitidis, Declan Murphy, Philip Asherson, Karen Glaser
BACKGROUND: While Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often persists into adulthood, little is known about the needs and service use among adolescents and young adults with ADHD. The present study followed-up a cohort diagnosed with ADHD as children and assessed their: 1) needs, 2) correlates of contact with clinical services, and 3) experiences of transition from child to adult health services. METHODS: Ninety one young people aged 14-24 were recruited from the UK subset of the International Multi-Centre ADHD Genetics (IMAGE) Project...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330258/prevalence-and-assessment-of-biochemical-parameters-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-children-in-bangladesh
#18
Chowdhury Mohammad Monirul Hasan, Mohammad Monirul Islam, Muhammad Mamunur Rashid Mahib, Mahmud Ahmed Chowdhury Arju
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate some new biochemical parameters that help ensuring the early and precise diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in blood plasma. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A prospective study conducted with patients scheduled for some new biochemical parameters that help ensuring the early and precise diagnosis of ADHD in blood plasma in a Child Development Center of the Chittagong, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at two levels...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307090/micropet-ct-assessment-of-fdg-uptake-in-brain-after-long-term-methylphenidate-treatment-in-nonhuman-primates
#19
X Zhang, G D Newport, R Callicott, S Liu, J Thompson, M S Berridge, S M Apana, W Slikker, C Wang, M G Paule
Methylphenidate (MPH) is a psychostimulant commonly used for the treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Since the long-term effects of this drug on the central nervous system (CNS) are not well understood, we conducted microPET/CT scans on young adult male rhesus monkeys (n=4/group) to gather information on brain metabolism using the uptake of [(18)F]Fluoro-2-deoxy-2-d-glucose (FDG) as a marker. Approximately two-year old, male rhesus monkeys were treated orally with MPH twice per day, five days per week (M-F) over a 6-year period...
July 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296274/effects-of-dopamine-agents-on-a-schedule-induced-polydipsia-procedure-in-the-spontaneously-hypertensive-rat-and-in-wistar-control-rats
#20
Javier Íbias, Miguel Miguéns, Ricardo Pellón
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been proposed as an animal model for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typically develops excessive patterns of response under most behavioural protocols. Schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) is the excessive water consumption that occurs as a schedule effect when food is intermittently delivered and animals are partially food- but not water-deprived. SIP has been used as a model of excessive behaviour, and considerable evidence has involved the dopaminergic system in its development and maintenance...
September 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
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