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Adhd and schedule

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151406/towards-operationalising-internal-distractibility-mind-wandering-in-adults-with-adhd
#1
Joseph Biederman, Maura Fitzgerald, Mai Uchida, Thomas J Spencer, Ronna Fried, Jennifer Wicks, Alexandra Saunders, Stephen V Faraone
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether specific symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can help identify ADHD patients with mind wandering. METHODS: Subjects were adults ages 18-55 of both sexes (n=41) who completed the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) and the ADHD module of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Epidemiologic Version. We used Spearman's rank correlation and Pearson's χ2 analyses to examine associations between the ADHD module and the MWQ and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analyses to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the ADHD module...
December 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046989/epilepsy-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-drug-selection
#2
REVIEW
Marco Mula
Purpose of review The pharmacological treatment of patients with epilepsy and psychiatric comorbidities may sometimes represent a therapeutic challenge. This review is focused on the pharmacological management of patients with epilepsy and psychiatric problems in terms of rationalization of the antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment and the pharmacological management of the most clinically relevant psychiatric comorbidities, namely mood and anxiety disorders, psychoses, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
October 19, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037749/psychopathological-features-in-noonan-syndrome
#3
Francesca Perrino, Serena Licchelli, Giulia Serra, Giorgia Piccini, Cristina Caciolo, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Flavia Cirillo, Chiara Leoni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Giuseppe Zampino, Marco Tartaglia, Paolo Alfieri, Stefano Vicari
INTRODUCTION: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, skeletal and haematological/lymphatic defects, distinctive facies, cryptorchidism, and a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. Recurrent features also include variable cognitive deficits and behavioural problems. Recent research has been focused on the assessment of prevalence, age of onset and characterization of psychiatric features in this disorder. Herein, we evaluated the prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depressive symptoms and syndromes in a cohort of individuals with clinical and molecular diagnosis of NS...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029564/psychometric-validation-of-the-revised-child-anxiety-and-depression-scales-parent-version-rcads-p-in-children-evaluated-for-adhd
#4
Stephen P Becker, Dana N Schindler, Aaron M Luebbe, Leanne Tamm, Jeffery N Epstein
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently experience comorbid internalizing symptoms. The Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scales-Parent Version (RCADS-P) is a frequently used measure of anxiety and depression in children, though its psychometric properties remain unexamined in children referred for ADHD specifically. The present study evaluated the RCADS-P in 372 children (age 7-12 years; 68% male) referred for evaluation at an ADHD specialty clinic (89% met criteria for ADHD)...
October 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992996/attention-profiles-in-childhood-absence-epilepsy-compared-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Hyun-Jeong Lee, Eun-Hee Kim, Mi-Sun Yum, Tae-Sung Ko, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the attention profiles of subjects with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) to those of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and controls. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 20 children (age 7.2 ± 1.6 years, 5 boys) in whom CAE was diagnosed at the Department of Pediatric Neurology of Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. ADHD and control subjects were selected from children who visited the Department of Pediatric Psychiatry and were confirmed as having or not having ADHD based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 6, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963043/spontaneously-hypertensive-shr-rats-choose-more-impulsively-than-wistar-kyoto-wky-rats-on-a-delay-discounting-task
#6
Carlos F Aparicio, Paul J Hennigan, Laurel J Mulligan, Benigno Alonso-Alvarez
Indications of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) are not consistent across different tests of impulsivity, questioning the SHR's validity as a rodent model of ADHD. This study used a concurrent-chains procedure to examine possible differences in impulsive choice between SHRs and control-normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. The aim was to extend the generality of findings showing regularities between the hyperbolic-decay model and the generalized matching law fitting delay discounting data from nonhuman animals...
September 26, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959903/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-treatment-on-suspiciousness-in-children-with-adhd-alone-or-comorbid-with-odd
#7
Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of the suspiciousness in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in comparison to ADHD alone and the response of suspiciousness symptoms to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment. METHODS: In this open-label comparative study, children with DSM-IV-TR ADHD, aged 8-18 years, with (N = 30) or without (N = 30) ODD received MPH treatment for 12 weeks. The severity of ODD symptoms was assessed by the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845711/does-anxiety-modify-the-risk-for-or-severity-of-conduct-problems-among-children-with-co-occurring-adhd-categorical-and-dimensional-and-analyses
#8
Jeffrey S Danforth, Leonard A Doerfler, Daniel F Connor
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine whether anxiety modifies the risk for, or severity of, conduct problems in children with ADHD. METHOD: Assessment included both categorical and dimensional measures of ADHD, anxiety, and conduct problems. Analyses compared conduct problems between children with ADHD features alone versus children with co-occurring ADHD and anxiety features. RESULTS: When assessed by dimensional rating scales, results showed that compared with children with ADHD alone, those children with ADHD co-occurring with anxiety are at risk for more intense conduct problems...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806385/a-naturalistic-comparison-of-methylphenidate-and-risperidone-monotherapy-in-drug-naive-youth-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comorbid-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-and-aggression
#9
Gabriele Masi, Azzurra Manfredi, Giulia Nieri, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Pfanner, Annarita Milone
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are frequently co-occurring in youth, but data about the pharmacological management of this comorbidity are scarce, especially when impulsive aggression is prominent. Although stimulants are the first-line medication for ADHD, second-generation antipsychotics, namely, risperidone, are frequently used. We aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of monotherapy with the stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) and risperidone in a consecutive sample of 40 drug-naive male youths diagnosed as having ADHD-combined presentation, comorbid with ODD and aggression, without psychiatric comorbidities, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria and a structured clinical interview (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761201/the-impact-of-methylphenidate-on-motor-performance-in-children-with-both-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-crossover-clinical-trial
#10
Robabeh Soleimani, Maryam Kousha, Homa Zarrabi, Seyede Mahnaz Tavafzadeh-Haghi, Mir Mohammad Jalali
BACKGROUND: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder/developmental coordination disorder (ADHD/DCD) suffer from problems associated with gross and fine motor skills. There is no effective pharmacological therapy for such patients. We aimed to assess the impact of methylphenidate (MPH) on motor performance of children with ADHD/DCD. METHODS: In this double-blind placebo-controlled, 17 children (12 boys) with ADHD/DCD with a mean age of 7 years 6 months were recruited in Shafa Hospital, Rasht, Iran...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749829/the-presence-of-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-may-be-associated-with-interpersonal-sensitivity-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#11
Ahmet Koyuncu, Fahri Çelebi, Erhan Ertekin, Çağdaş Ö Memiş, Raşit Tükel
The goal of this study was to evaluate a possible association between childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and interpersonal sensitivity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). The study involved 125 adult outpatients with a primary diagnosis of SAD. To evaluate childhood ADHD, the ADHD module of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) was used. Clinical and sociodemographic data were collected and clinical rating scales were completed...
July 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735695/variation-in-the-early-trajectories-of-autism-symptoms-is-related-to-the-development-of-language-cognition-and-behavior-problems
#12
Janne C Visser, Nanda N J Rommelse, Martijn Lappenschaar, Iris J Servatius-Oosterling, Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to model more homogeneous subgroups within autism spectrum disorder (ASD) based on early trajectories of core symptoms; and to further characterize these subgroups in terms of trajectories of language, cognition, co-occurring (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]-related) traits and clinical outcome diagnosis. METHOD: Children (N = 203) referred for possible ASD at ages 1 to 4 years were assessed at three time points at intervals ranging from 9 months to 3 years...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721740/clinical-features-and-subjective-physiological-responses-to-emotional-stimuli-in-the-presence-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Candan Taskiran, Serkan Karaismailoglu, Halime Tuna Cak Esen, Zeynep Tuzun, Aysen Erdem, Zeynep Dicle Balkanci, Anil Barak Dolgun, Sadriye Ebru Cengel Kultur
INTRODUCTION: Emotion dysregulation (ED) has long been recognized in clinical descriptions of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but a renewed interest in ED has advanced research on the overlap between the two entities. Autonomic reactivity (AR) is a neurobiological correlate of emotion regulation; however, the association between ADHD and AR remains unclear. Our aim was to explore the clinical differences, AR, and subjective emotional responses to visual emotional stimuli in ADHD children with and without ED...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712363/overlapping-and-disease-specific-trait-response-and-reflection-impulsivity-in-adolescents-with-first-episode-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-or-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
J R M Jepsen, J Rydkjaer, B Fagerlund, A K Pagsberg, R Av F Jespersen, B Y Glenthøj, B Oranje
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are developmental disorders with shared clinical characteristics such as cognitive impairments and impulsivity. Impulsivity is a core feature of ADHD and an important factor in aggression, violence, and substance use in schizophrenia. Based on the hypothesis that schizophrenia and ADHD represent a continuum of neurodevelopmental impairments, the aim was to identify overlapping and disease specific forms of impulsivity...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710695/serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treated-with-methylphenidate-an-8-week-observational-pretest-posttest-study
#15
Aynur Pekcanlar Akay, Halil Resmi, Sevay Alsen Güney, Handan Özek Erkuran, Gonca Özyurt, Enis Sargin, Ahmet Topuzoglu, Ali Evren Tufan
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important neurotrophin in the brain that modulates dopaminergic neurons. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in serum BDNF levels of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in response to OROS methylphenidate treatment. We also aimed to determine whether there were any pre-post-differences between ADHD subtypes and comorbid psychiatric disorders in serum BDNF levels. Fifty male children with ADHD and 50 male healthy controls within the age range of 6-12 years were recruited to the study...
July 14, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709821/the-mandarin-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-epidemiological-version-for-dsm-5-a-psychometric-study
#16
Yi-Lung Chen, Lih-Jong Shen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Changes of diagnostic coverage and criteria for psychiatric disorders in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published in 2013 cause a need for updating the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Epidemiological version (K-SADS-E). This study examined the preliminary psychometric properties, including inter-rater reliability, and convergent and divergent validity of the modified K-SADS-E for DSM-5...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670953/the-probable-role-of-adrenomedullin-and-nitric-oxide-in-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Börte Gürbüz Özgür, Hatice Aksu, Mustafa Yılmaz, Sevcan Karakoç Demirkaya
BACKGROUND: The role of adrenomedullin hormone, which has been shown to be associated with many psychiatric disorders, in the etiology of ADHD and its relation to disease is not yet known. AIM: In this study, it was aimed to compare plasma adrenomedullin and nitric oxide (NO) levels of newly diagnosed, treatment-naive patients with ADHD with healthy children. METHODS: A total of 45 children with ADHD and 45 healthy children were included. The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS), a semi-structured interview, was applied to all cases by child and adolescent psychiatrist...
July 2, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669538/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-on-the-microstructure-of-schedule-induced-polydipsia-in-an-animal-model-of-adhd
#18
Javier Íbias, Carter W Daniels, Miguel Miguéns, Ricardo Pellón, Federico Sanabria
Schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) was established in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY), and Wistar rats, using a multiple fixed-time (FT) schedule of food delivery, with 30- and 90-s components. Thereafter, animals were exposed to methylphenidate (MPH; 2.5mg/kg/d) for six consecutive SIP sessions. A test to assess possible sensitization effects was also conducted four days after termination of the drug treatment. At baseline, FT 90-s produced longer and more frequent drinking episodes in SHR than in WKY...
June 30, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661954/association-between-parenting-style-and-social-outcomes-in-children-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-18-month-longitudinal-study
#19
Sampada Bhide, Emma Sciberras, Vicki Anderson, Philip Hazell, Jan M Nicholson
OBJECTIVE: In a community-based sample of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (n = 179) and non-ADHD controls (n = 212), this longitudinal study explored changes in parenting style over time; and whether parenting style prospectively predicts child functional outcomes. METHODS: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis was assessed using the Conners ADHD index and Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children IV. Children (70.3% boys) were assessed at baseline (mean age: 7...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656801/the-vulnerability-of-self-reported-disability-measures-to-malingering-a-simulated-adhd-study
#20
Andrew M Bryant, Esther Lee, Ashley Howell, Brittni Morgan, Carolyn M Cook, Kruti Patel, Andrew Menatti, Rebekah Clark, Melissa T Buelow, Julie A Suhr
OBJECTIVE: Making diagnostic and accommodation decisions for potential Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults is difficult, as the assessor often relies more on self-reported symptoms and functional disability than in childhood evaluations. Malingering of ADHD occurs frequently in the educational setting and for a variety of reasons, including the potential benefits of access to stimulant medications and academic accommodations. METHOD: The present study utilized a simulation design to examine the potential for malingering of self-reported functional disability on the World Health Organization Disability Schedule 2...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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