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Adhd and schedule

Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yoko Kamio
Prior research has produced conflicting findings on the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pain, while studies among community-dwelling adults are lacking. This study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and pain in the general adult population, and the extent to which this association is influenced by comorbid common mental disorders (CMDs). Data came from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey which included a representative sample of the English adult household population aged ≥16 years (N=7403)...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Lisa L Weyandt, Danielle R Oster, Marisa E Marraccini, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Bailey A Munro, Emma S Rathkey, Alison McCallum
Prescription stimulants, including methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine compounds (e.g., dextroamphetamine; Adderall), have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and are classified by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration as Schedule II medications because of their high potential for abuse and dependence (Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Department of Justice, 2015). Despite the potential health and judicial consequences, misuse of prescription stimulants, typically defined as taking stimulants without a valid prescription, or use of stimulants other than as prescribed, has become a serious problem in the United States and abroad, especially on college campuses...
October 2016: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
Maria T Acosta, James Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, Brooke S G Molina, Ariel F Martinez, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, Maximilian Muenke
BACKGROUND: ADHD is the most common neuropsychiatric condition affecting individuals of all ages. Long-term outcomes of affected individuals and association with severe comorbidities as SUD or conduct disorders are the main concern. Genetic associations have been extensively described. Multiple studies show that intronic variants harbored in the ADGRL3 (LPHN3) gene are associated with ADHD, especially associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated this association in the Multimodal Treatment Study of children with ADHD (MTA), initiated as a 14-month randomized clinical trial of 579 children diagnosed with DSM-IV ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C), that transitioned to a 16-year prospective observational follow-up, and 289 classmates added at the 2-year assessment to serve as a local normative comparison group (LNCG)...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Fahri Çelebi, Ahmet Koyuncu, Erhan Ertekin, Behiye Alyanak, Raşit Tükel
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to investigate the impact of childhood ADHD comorbidity on the clinical features of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Ninety-five adult outpatients with a diagnosis of OCD were assessed by using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version, ADHD module, and the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. Patients with or without childhood ADHD were compared in terms of the sociodemographic and clinical features, psychiatric comorbidities, and rating scales...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Kukju Kweon, Hyun-Jeong Lee, Kee Jeong Park, Yeonho Joo, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) profiles in youths with bipolar and depressive disorders. METHODS: Seventy-four subjects with a mean age of 14.9±1.6years (36 boys) with mood disorders and their parents were recruited from September 2011 to June 2013 in the Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Diagnosis of mood disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorder was confirmed by child psychiatrists using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children - Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
E Furukawa, B Alsop, P Sowerby, S Jensen, G Tripp
BACKGROUND: The behavioral sensitivity of children with ADHD to punishment has received limited theoretical and experimental attention. This study evaluated the effects of punishment on the response allocation of children with ADHD and typically developing children. METHOD: Two hundred and ten children, 145 diagnosed with ADHD, completed an operant task in which they chose between playing two simultaneously available games. Reward was arranged symmetrically across the games under concurrent variable interval schedules...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Efstathios Papachristou, Kurt Schulz, Jeffrey Newcorn, Anne-Claude V Bédard, Jeffrey M Halperin, Sophia Frangou
BACKGROUND: We recently developed the Child Behavior Checklist-Mania Scale (CBCL-MS), a novel and short instrument for the assessment of mania-like symptoms in children and adolescents derived from the CBCL item pool and have demonstrated its construct validity and temporal stability in a longitudinal general population sample. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of the 19-item CBCL-MS in a clinical sample and to compare its discriminatory ability to that of the 40-item CBCL-dysregulation profile (CBCL-DP) and the 34-item CBCL-Externalizing Scale...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Chloe J Jordan, Carley Lemay, Linda P Dwoskin, Kathleen M Kantak
RATIONALE: Stimulant medications for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescents remain controversial with respect to later development of cocaine abuse. Past research demonstrated that adolescent methylphenidate treatment increased several aspects of cocaine self-administration during adulthood using the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model of ADHD. Presently, we determined effects of the alternate stimulant medication, d-amphetamine, on cocaine self-administration...
September 6, 2016: Psychopharmacology
Yuko Yoshimura, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Hirotoshi Hiraishi, Chiaki Hasegawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Gerard B Remijn, Manabu Oi, Toshio Munesue, Haruhiro Higashida, Yoshio Minabe
The auditory-evoked P1m, recorded by magnetoencephalography, reflects a central auditory processing ability in human children. One recent study revealed that asynchrony of P1m between the right and left hemispheres reflected a central auditory processing disorder (i.e., attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, ADHD) in children. However, to date, the relationship between auditory P1m right-left hemispheric synchronization and the comorbidity of hyperactivity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is unknown...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
Ulrika Wester Oxelgren, Åsa Myrelid, Göran Annerén, Bodil Ekstam, Cathrine Göransson, Agneta Holmbom, Anne Isaksson, Marie Åberg, Jan Gustafsson, Elisabeth Fernell
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in a population-based group of children and adolescents with Down syndrome, and to relate the findings to level of intellectual disability and to medical conditions. METHOD: From a population-based cohort of 60 children and adolescents with Down syndrome, 41 individuals (29 males, 12 females; mean age 11y, age range 5-17y) for whom parents gave consent for participation were clinically assessed with regard to ASD and ADHD...
August 9, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Byung-Soo Kim, Sung Man Chang, Jee Eun Park, Su Jeong Seong, Seung Hee Won, Maeng Je Cho
We examined the prevalence, correlates, and psychiatric comorbidities of community-dwelling subjects with problematic Internet use (PIU). In an epidemiological survey of mental disorders among Korean adults conducted in 2006, 6510 subjects (aged 18-64 years) completed the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV psychiatric disorders; Diagnostic Interview Schedule exploring pathological gambling; Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1 Screener; questionnaire for sleep disturbances; and questionnaire for suicidal ideations, plans, and attempts...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Hanna Eklund, Tim Cadman, James Findon, Hannah Hayward, Deirdre Howley, Jennifer Beecham, Kiriakos Xenitidis, Declan Murphy, Philip Asherson, Karen Glaser
BACKGROUND: While Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often persists into adulthood, little is known about the needs and service use among adolescents and young adults with ADHD. The present study followed-up a cohort diagnosed with ADHD as children and assessed their: 1) needs, 2) correlates of contact with clinical services, and 3) experiences of transition from child to adult health services. METHODS: Ninety one young people aged 14-24 were recruited from the UK subset of the International Multi-Centre ADHD Genetics (IMAGE) Project...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Chowdhury Mohammad Monirul Hasan, Mohammad Monirul Islam, Muhammad Mamunur Rashid Mahib, Mahmud Ahmed Chowdhury Arju
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate some new biochemical parameters that help ensuring the early and precise diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in blood plasma. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A prospective study conducted with patients scheduled for some new biochemical parameters that help ensuring the early and precise diagnosis of ADHD in blood plasma in a Child Development Center of the Chittagong, Bangladesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was carried out at two levels...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
X Zhang, G D Newport, R Callicott, S Liu, J Thompson, M S Berridge, S M Apana, W Slikker, C Wang, M G Paule
Methylphenidate (MPH) is a psychostimulant commonly used for the treatment of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Since the long-term effects of this drug on the central nervous system (CNS) are not well understood, we conducted microPET/CT scans on young adult male rhesus monkeys (n=4/group) to gather information on brain metabolism using the uptake of [(18)F]Fluoro-2-deoxy-2-d-glucose (FDG) as a marker. Approximately two-year old, male rhesus monkeys were treated orally with MPH twice per day, five days per week (M-F) over a 6-year period...
July 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Javier Íbias, Miguel Miguéns, Ricardo Pellón
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been proposed as an animal model for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typically develops excessive patterns of response under most behavioural protocols. Schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP) is the excessive water consumption that occurs as a schedule effect when food is intermittently delivered and animals are partially food- but not water-deprived. SIP has been used as a model of excessive behaviour, and considerable evidence has involved the dopaminergic system in its development and maintenance...
September 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
E Sciberras, M Bisset, P Hazell, J M Nicholson, V Anderson, K Lycett, B Jongeling, D Efron
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine health-related impairments in young children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-ADHD controls and explore differences in children with ADHD by gender, ADHD subtype and mental health co-morbidity status. METHODS: Children with ADHD (n = 177) and controls (n = 212) aged 6-8 years were recruited across 43 schools in Melbourne, Australia following a screening (Conners 3 ADHD Index) and case confirmation procedure (Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children IV)...
September 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Somer L Bishop, Marisela Huerta, Katherine Gotham, Karoline Alexandra Havdahl, Andrew Pickles, Amie Duncan, Vanessa Hus Bal, Lisa Croen, Catherine Lord
This study reports on the initial validation of the Autism Symptom Interview (ASI), School-Age, a brief (15-20 min) phone interview derived from questions from the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R). The ASI, School-Age was administered by interviewers with minimal training to parents of children ages 5 to 12 who had all been previously identified with (or referred for assessment of) ASD or another neurodevelopmental disorder. Children then underwent a comprehensive assessment to determine a best-estimate clinical diagnosis of ASD (n = 159) or non-ASD (e...
June 10, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Weiping Xia, Lixiao Shen, Jinsong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric disorder in children that can extend into adulthood and that is often associated with a variety of comorbid psychiatric disorders. AIM: Assess the comorbidity of ADHD with anxiety disorders and depressive disorders in school-aged children, and the relationship of the severity of ADHD, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in children who have ADHD with the severity of the corresponding symptoms in their parents...
December 25, 2015: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Fariba Arabghol, Firooze Derakhshanpour, Rozita Davari Ashtiyani, Narges Chimeh, Layli Panaghi
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is a phenomenon that confronts the child, family, and society with irretrievable physical and mental injuries, and its negative effects continue until adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to identify and evaluate cases of abused children at a medical center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive-analytic study. The subjects were all children and adolescents who were referred to Imam Hussein hospital within 6 months due to physical or psychiatric reasons and were diagnosed with child abuse and neglect by a child and adolescent psychiatrist...
March 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Sarah Johnson, David Lawrence, Stephen R Zubrick
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence of stimulant and antidepressant medication use by children and adolescents with symptoms meeting the criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) in Australia. To identify factors associated with stimulant and antidepressant use by children and adolescents in Australia. METHODS: Data are from a nationally representative sample of 4- to 17-year-olds (n = 6310). Parents completed the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-Version IV (DISC-IV) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
May 6, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
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