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Adhd and structure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928244/theory-of-mind-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-euthymic-phase-%C3%A2-using-the-strange-stories-test
#1
Hamid Zarrabipoor, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Zahra Shahrivar
Objective: This study evaluated the theory of mind (ToM) in adolescents diagnosed with bipolar disorder ‎‎(BD) during their euthymic period compared to a typically developing (TD) group.‎ Method: The BD group consisted of thirty 11-18 year old inpatients in euthymic phase. The TD ‎group included 30 age, gender, and IQ matched volunteer students. To assess the diagnosis and ‎comorbid disorders, we performed the semi-structured interview of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders ‎and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) for the BD adolescents...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923146/behaviors-associated-with-negative-affect-in-the-friendships-of-children-with-adhd-an-exploratory-study
#2
Sébastien Normand, James Ambrosoli, Joanna Guiet, Marie Michèle Soucisse, Barry H Schneider, Marie-France Maisonneuve, Matthew D Lee, Fulvio Tassi
Our objective was to identify behaviors and contextual situations associated with negative affect observed in the interactions of children with and without ADHD and their real-life friends. We expected negative affect to be linked to rule violations and disagreements about the choice of games. Loss of game was associated with episodes of negative affect in a structured game. Negative appraisal of friend's ability was most frequently associated with negative affect during unstructured free play. Comparison children expressed greater frustration regarding their own abilities, whereas children with ADHD commented more frequently about the inabilities of their friends...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919751/less-head-motion-during-mri-under-task-than-resting-state-conditions
#3
Willem Huijbers, Koene R A Van Dijk, Meta M Boenniger, Rüdiger Stirnberg, Monique M B Breteler
Head motion reduces data quality of neuroimaging data. In three functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) experiments we demonstrate that people make less head movements under task than resting-state conditions. In Experiment 1, we observed less head motion during a memory encoding task than during the resting-state condition. In Experiment 2, using publicly shared data from the UCLA Consortium for Neuropsychiatric Phenomics LA5c Study, we again found less head motion during several active task conditions than during a resting-state condition, although some task conditions also showed comparable motion...
December 2, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906414/delphi-consensus-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-evaluation-by-a-panel-of-experts
#4
Amaia Hervás, Teresa de Santos, Javier Quintero, Pedro M Ruíz-Lázaro, José A Alda, Alberto Fernández-Jaén, Josep A Ramos-Quiroga
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent neurodevelopmental disorders in childhood, which is frequently maintained in adolescent and adult age. It presents great clinical heterogeneity, significantly affecting the functioning of those who suffer it. Although drug treatments obtain results by themselves, the approach should be multidisciplinary and be adapted to the specific needs of each patient and his/ her family. Given the variety of drugs currently available to treat ADHD, there are diverse opinions on the most effective way to approach this disorder...
November 2016: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871637/comparing-brain-morphometry-across-multiple-childhood-psychiatric-disorders
#5
Andrea L Gold, Melissa A Brotman, Nancy E Adleman, Sara N Lever, Elizabeth R Steuber, Stephen J Fromm, Sven C Mueller, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
OBJECTIVE: In both children and adults, psychiatric illness is associated with structural brain alterations, particularly in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). However, most studies compare gray matter volume (GMV) in healthy volunteers (HVs) to one psychiatric group. We compared GMV among youth with anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder (BD), disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and HVs. METHOD: 3-Tesla T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging scans were acquired in 184 youths (39 anxious, 20 BD, 52 DMDD, 20 ADHD, and 53 HV)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866484/exploring-dsm-5-adhd-criteria-beyond-young-adulthood-phenomenology-psychometric-properties-and-prevalence-in-a-large-three-decade-birth-cohort
#6
E S Vitola, C H D Bau, G A Salum, B L Horta, L Quevedo, F C Barros, R T Pinheiro, C Kieling, L A Rohde, E H Grevet
BACKGROUND: There are still uncertainties on the psychometric validity of the DSM-5 attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) criteria for its use in the adult population. We aim to describe the adult ADHD phenotype, to test the psychometric properties of the DSM-5 ADHD criteria, and to calculate the resulting prevalence in a population-based sample in their thirties. METHOD: A cross-sectional evaluation using the DSM-5 ADHD criteria was carried out in 3574 individuals from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866155/the-assessment-of-the-relationship-between-adhd-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-child-and-adolescent-patients
#7
Hatice Ünver, Işık Karakaya
OBJECTIVE: This study examined ADHD comorbidity in child and adolescent patients who diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD: Sixty-eight child and adolescent patients with PTSD and 42 child and adolescent patients with OCD were evaluated for ADHD. The sample included 110 patients who were administered structured clinical interviews based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866083/neuroanatomical-differences-in-fast-and-slow-rat-strains-with-differential-vulnerability-to-kindling-and-behavioral-comorbidities
#8
Pragati Sharma, Stefanie Dedeurwaerdere, Michael A D Vandenberg, Ke Fang, Leigh A Johnston, Sandy R Shultz, Terence J O'Brien, Krista L Gilby
OBJECTIVE: The neurobiological factors underlying a predisposition towards developing epilepsy and its common behavioral comorbidities are poorly understood. FAST rats are a strain that has been selectively bred for enhanced vulnerability to kindling, while the SLOW strain has been bred to be resistant to kindling. FAST rats also exhibit behavioral traits reminiscent of those observed in neurodevelopmental disorders (autism spectrum disorder (ASD)/attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)) commonly comorbid with epilepsy...
November 17, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864428/adults-with-persistent-adhd-gender-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#9
Kouichi Yoshimasu, William J Barbaresi, Robert C Colligan, Robert G Voigt, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, Slavica K Katusic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate associations between ADHD and comorbid psychiatric disorders among adults from a population-based birth cohort. METHOD: Participants were recruited from all children born between 1976 and 1982 remaining in Rochester, Minnesota, after age 5. Participants with childhood ADHD (n = 232; M age = 27.0 years; 72% men) and non-ADHD controls (n = 335; M age = 28.6 years; 63% men) completed a structured interview (M.I.N.I. International Neuropsychiatric Interview) assessing current ADHD status and comorbid psychiatric disorders...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859919/integrated-multimodal-network-approach-to-pet-and-mri-based-on-multidimensional-persistent-homology
#10
Hyekyoung Lee, Hyejin Kang, Moo K Chung, Seonhee Lim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Dong Soo Lee
Finding underlying relationships among multiple imaging modalities in a coherent fashion is one of the challenging problems in multimodal analysis. In this study, we propose a novel approach based on multidimensional persistence. In the extension of the previous threshold-free method of persistent homology, we visualize and discriminate the topological change of integrated brain networks by varying not only threshold but also mixing ratio between two different imaging modalities. The multidimensional persistence is implemented by a new bimodal integration method called 1D projection...
November 17, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851842/estimating-the-heritability-of-structural-and-functional-brain-connectivity-in-families-affected-by-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Gustavo Sudre, Saadia Choudhuri, Eszter Szekely, Teighlor Bonner, Elanda Goduni, Wendy Sharp, Philip Shaw
Importance: Despite its high heritability, few risk genes have been identified for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Brain-based phenotypes could aid gene discovery. There is a myriad of structural and functional connections that support cognition. Disruption of such connectivity is a key pathophysiologic mechanism for ADHD, and identifying heritable phenotypes within these connections could provide candidates for genomic studies. Objective: To identify the structural and functional connections that are heritable and pertinent to ADHD...
November 16, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842945/addiction-severity-pattern-associated-with-adult-and-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-patients-with-addictions
#12
Melina Fatséas, Hortense Hurmic, Fuschia Serre, Romain Debrabant, Jean-Pierre Daulouède, Cécile Denis, Marc Auriacombe
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent among adults with addictive disorders, but little is known about addiction patterns associated with ADHD diagnosis. This study examined addiction severity in patients with co-occurring addictive disorders and ADHD controlling for the potential influence of associated psychiatric comorbidity. Data were collected in French outpatient addiction treatment centers. A total of 217 patients seeking treatment for substance or gambling addiction were included...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835798/distinct-differences-in-striatal-dysmorphology-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-boys-with-and-without-a-comorbid-reading-disability
#13
Dhruman D Goradia, Sherry Vogel, Brianne Mohl, Dalal Khatib, Caroline Zajac-Benitez, Usha Rajan, Arthur Robin, David R Rosenberg, Jeffrey A Stanley
There is evidence of greater cognitive deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with a comorbid reading disability (ADHD/+RD) compared to ADHD alone (ADHD/-RD). Additionally, the striatum has been consistently implicated in ADHD. However, the extent of morphological alterations in the striatum of ADHD/+RD is poorly understood, which is the main purpose of this study. Based on structural MRI images, the surface deformation of the caudate and putamen was assessed in 59 boys matching in age and IQ [19 ADHD/-RD, 15 ADHD/+RD and 25 typically developing controls (TDC)]...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835677/using-bishop-s-card-reaching-task-to-assess-hand-preference-in-8-to-10-year-old-czech-children
#14
Martin Musalek, Sara Marie Scharoun, Pamela J Bryden
Hand preference is one of the most apparent functional asymmetry in humans. Under contralateral control, performance is more proficient with the preferred hand; however, the difference between the two hands is greater in right handers, considering left handers generally display less cerebral lateralization. One method of evaluating hand preference is Bishop's card reaching task; however, information regarding validity and sensitivity with children in limited. This study assessed the relationship between Bishop's card reaching task and five hand preference tasks in 8- to 10-year-old typically-developing children from the Czech Republic (N = 376)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834506/evidence-based-considerations-and-recommendations-for-athletic-trainers-caring-for-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Elizabeth S Wolfe, Kelly J Madden
CONTEXT:  Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs. OBJECTIVE:  To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825840/environmental-toxicology-sensitive-periods-of-development-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Djai B Heyer, Rhiannon M Meredith
Development of the mammalian central nervous system is a complex process whose disruption may have severe and long-lasting consequences upon brain structure and function, potentially resulting in a neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD). Many NDDs are known to be genetic in origin, with symptom onset and their underlying mechanisms now known to be regulated during time-dependent windows or 'critical periods' during normal brain development. However, it is increasingly evident that similar disturbances to the developing nervous system may be caused by exposure to non-genetic, environmental factors...
November 4, 2016: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824356/altered-gray-matter-organization-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-a-structural-covariance-connectome-study
#17
K R Griffiths, S M Grieve, M R Kohn, S Clarke, L M Williams, M S Korgaonkar
Although multiple studies have reported structural deficits in multiple brain regions in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we do not yet know if these deficits reflect a more systematic disruption to the anatomical organization of large-scale brain networks. Here we used a graph theoretical approach to quantify anatomical organization in children and adolescents with ADHD. We generated anatomical networks based on covariance of gray matter volumes from 92 regions across the brain in children and adolescents with ADHD (n=34) and age- and sex-matched healthy controls (n=28)...
November 8, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821363/the-use-of-the-sdq-with-chinese-adolescents-in-the-clinical-context
#18
David Mellor, Wenhong Cheng, Marita McCabe, Mathew Ling, Yi Liu, Zhimin Zhao, Juan Fan, Meina You, Fang Zhang, Jinhua Sun, Linda Byrne, Yifeng Xu
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire when it was applied to a sample of 443 outpatients in China. Included in the sample were 88 adolescents diagnosed with depression, 96 with schizophrenia, 98 with generalized anxiety, 70 with OCD, and 91 with ADHD. Each patient and one of their parents completed the SDQ at intake. Confirmatory Factor Analyses provided limited support for the proposed five factor structure of the scale over other models. Internal reliabilities of the subscales for both self and parent report were weak, and inter-rater agreement between self- and parent-report was moderate...
October 19, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821161/relationship-between-early-language-skills-and-the-development-of-inattention-hyperactivity-symptoms-during-the-preschool-period-results-of-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#19
Hugo Peyre, Cedric Galera, Judith van der Waerden, Nicolas Hoertel, Jonathan Y Bernard, Maria Melchior, Franck Ramus
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine bidirectional relationships between children's language skills and Inattention/Hyperactivity (IH) symptoms during preschool. METHOD: Children (N = 1459) from the EDEN mother-child cohort were assessed at ages 3 and 5.5 years. Language skills were evaluated using the WPPSI-III, NEPSY and ELOLA batteries. Children's behavior, including IH symptoms, was assessed using the parent-rated Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819466/the-structure-of-psychopathology-in-adolescence-and-its-common-personality-and-cognitive-correlates
#20
Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Frederic N Brière, Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Juergen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Jean-Luc Martinot, Frauke Nees, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Marcella Rietschel, Michael N Smolka, Trevor W Robbins, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Patricia Conrod
The traditional view that mental disorders are distinct, categorical disorders has been challenged by evidence that disorders are highly comorbid and exist on a continuum (e.g., Caspi et al., 2014; Tackett et al., 2013). The first objective of this study was to use structural equation modeling to model the structure of psychopathology in an adolescent community-based sample (N = 2,144) including conduct disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, substance use, anxiety, depression, phobias, and other emotional symptoms, assessed at 16 years...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
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