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Adhd and structure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775957/how-treatment-improvement-in-adhd-and-cocaine-dependence-are-related-to-one-another-a-secondary-analysis
#1
Frances R Levin, C Jean Choi, Martina Pavlicova, John J Mariani, Amy Mahony, Daniel J Brooks, Edward V Nunes, John Grabowski
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is overrepresented among individuals seeking treatment for substance use disorders. We previously reported that treatment with extended release mixed amphetamine salts (MAS-XR) increased abstinence, compared to placebo, among patients with co-occurring ADHD and cocaine dependence. This secondary analysis investigates the temporal relationship between ADHD improvement and cocaine abstinence in the first six weeks of the trial...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#2
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771183/association-of-inattention-hyperactivity-and-hypersomnolence-in-two-clinic-based-adult-cohorts
#3
Régis Lopez, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Laura Camodeca, Marie Gachet, Isabelle Jaussent, Yves Dauvilliers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsivity in adults with ADHD and central hypersomnia. METHOD: Drug-free adult patients with ADHD ( n = 100) or hypersomnia ( n = 100) were evaluated using a structured clinical interview and self-report questionnaires on ADHD symptoms and EDS. RESULTS: In all, 61% of patients with hypersomnia had clinically significant ADHD symptoms with 25% having an ADHD diagnosis (with both childhood and adulthood ADHD symptoms) and 36% ADHD-like symptoms, without history of childhood ADHD...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771172/measuring-impulsivity-in-children-adaptation-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-upps-p-impulsive-behaviors-scale-in-children-and-investigation-of-its-links-with-adhd
#4
Marie Geurten, Corinne Catale, Philippe Gay, Sandrine Deplus, Joël Billieux
OBJECTIVE: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a wide range of problematic behaviors and psychological disorders in children. METHOD: In this study, we adapted the short French adult version of the UPPS-P (urgency-premeditation-perseverance-sensation seeking-positive urgency) Impulsive Behaviors Scale for use with children (short UPPS-P-C) and tested its psychometric properties. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analyses conducted on a sample of 425 children (aged 8-14 years) supported the five-factor structure of the scale...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770911/influences-to-adhd-problem-recognition-mixed-method-investigation-and-recommendations-to-reduce-disparities-for-latino-youth
#5
Lauren M Haack, Jocelyn Meza, Yuanyuan Jiang, Eva Jimenez Araujo, Linda Pfiffner
ADHD problem recognition serves as the first step of help seeking for ethnic minority families, such as Latinos, who underutilize ADHD services. The current mixed-method study explores underlying factors influencing recognition of ADHD problems in a sample of 159 school-aged youth. Parent-teacher informant discrepancy results suggest that parent ethnicity, problem domain, and child age influence ADHD problem recognition. Emerging themes from semi-structured qualitative interviews/focus groups conducted with eighteen Spanish-speaking Latino parents receiving school-based services for attention and behavior concerns support a range of recognized ADHD problems, beliefs about causes, and reactions to ADHD identification...
May 16, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754497/the-compensatory-adhd-behaviors-scale-cabs-development-and-initial-validation
#6
Peter J Castagna, Scott Roye, Matthew Calamia
Several measures are available that assess inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and executive functioning deficits. Treatments for adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and skill-based academic interventions focus on improving compensatory strategies to ameliorate functional impairment; however, no measure exists that examines the compensatory behaviors adults utilize to compensate for the functional deficits associated with inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. The current study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Compensatory ADHD Behaviors Scale (CABS)...
May 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748773/preliminary-evidence-of-altered-gray-matter-volume-in-subjects-with-internet-gaming-disorder-associations-with-history-of-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms
#7
Deokjong Lee, Kee Namkoong, Junghan Lee, Young-Chul Jung
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is commonly comorbid with Internet gaming disorder (IGD). Although childhood ADHD symptoms may decline during late brain maturation, structural alterations in some brain areas may persist into adulthood. This study investigated whether young adults with IGD and a history of childhood ADHD symptoms had gray matter volume (GMV) alterations that were distinct from subjects without a history of childhood ADHD. As an exploratory investigation, we conducted a whole-brain voxel-based morphometry with the diffeomorphic anatomical registration using an exponentiated Lie algebra algorithm and applied an uncorrected threshold at the voxel level for multiple comparisons...
May 11, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720024/the-etiological-structure-of-cognitive-neurophysiological-impairments-in-adhd-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#8
Giorgia Michelini, Celeste H M Cheung, Viryanaga Kitsune, Daniel Brandeis, Tobias Banaschewski, Gráinne McLoughlin, Philip Asherson, Frühling Rijsdijk, Jonna Kuntsi
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies in children with ADHD identified two partially separable familial factors underlying cognitive dysfunction, but evidence in adolescents and adults is lacking. Here, we investigate the etiological structure of cognitive-neurophysiological impairments in ADHD in adolescents and young adults. METHOD: Factor analyses and multivariate familial models were run in 356 participants from ADHD and control sibling pairs aged 11 to 27 years on data on IQ, digit span forward (DSF) and backward (DSB), and cognitive-performance and event-related potential (ERP) measures from three cognitive tasks...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696434/observed-free-play-patterns-of-children-with-adhd-and-their-real-life-friends
#9
Sébastien Normand, Marie Michèle Soucisse, Marie Pier Vézina Melançon, Barry H Schneider, Matthew D Lee, Marie-France Maisonneuve
Previous observational studies conducted in highly structured, analog situations indicate that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) mismanage their relationships with same-age peers and friends. Such structured situations may not, however, fully represent the true nature of children's play, which is typically characterized by free choice, intrinsic motivation, and spontaneity. The unique objective of the current observational study was to describe how 87 children with ADHD and 46 comparison (76% boys) aged 7-13 years behave when interacting with their real-life dyadic friends during an unstructured, free-play situation...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693267/a-multicohort-longitudinal-study-of-cerebellar-development-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Philip Shaw, Ayaka Ishii-Takahashi, Min Tae Park, Gabriel A Devenyi, Chava Zibman, Steven Kasparek, Gustavo Sudre, Aman Mangalmurti, Martine Hoogman, Henning Tiemeier, Georg von Polier, Devon Shook, Ryan Muetzel, M Mallar Chakravarty, Kerstin Konrad, Sarah Durston, Tonya White
BACKGROUND: The cerebellum supports many cognitive functions disrupted in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Prior neuroanatomic studies have been often limited by small sample sizes, inconsistent findings, and a reliance on cross-sectional data, limiting inferences about cerebellar development. Here, we conduct a multicohort study using longitudinal data, to characterize cerebellar development. METHODS: Growth trajectories of the cerebellar vermis, hemispheres and white matter were estimated using piecewise linear regression from 1,656 youth; of whom 63% had longitudinal data, totaling 2,914 scans...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689282/impulsive-aggression-and-response-inhibition-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-disruptive-behavioral-disorders-findings-from-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Andrei A Puiu, Olga Wudarczyk, Katharina S Goerlich, Mikhail Votinov, Kerstin Konrad, Bruce Turetsky, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann
BACKGROUND: Although impulsive aggression (IA) and dysfunctional response inhibition (RI) are hallmarks of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disrupted behavioral disorders (DBDs), little is known about their shared and distinct deviant neural mechanisms. AIMS AND METHODS: Here, we selectively reviewed s/fMRI ADHD and DBD studies to identify disorder-specific and shared IA and RI aberrant neural mechanisms. RESULTS: In ADHD, deviant prefrontal and cingulate functional activity was associated with increased IA...
April 21, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688638/-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-accessibility-and-availability-of-services-in-israel
#12
Asher Ornoy, Dori Rivkin, Lital Barlev
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among children ranges from 8% -12% and is more common in males. Most ADHD children suffer from related disorders such as learning disabilities and behavioral problems. Treatment with stimulants improves the learning and social abilities of most children and the addition of non-pharmaceutical treatments induces further improvement. OBJECTIVES: Our previous study, four years ago, screened 1,129 1st and 2nd grade children in Jerusalem and identified 105 with high risk for ADHD...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664902/a-general-prediction-model-for-the-detection-of-adhd-and-autism-using-structural-and-functional-mri
#13
Bhaskar Sen, Neil C Borle, Russell Greiner, Matthew R G Brown
This work presents a novel method for learning a model that can diagnose Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as Autism, using structural texture and functional connectivity features obtained from 3-dimensional structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 4-dimensional resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans of subjects. We explore a series of three learners: (1) The LeFMS learner first extracts features from the structural MRI images using the texture-based filters produced by a sparse autoencoder...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652524/smoking-adhd-and-problematic-video-game-use-a-structural-modeling-approach
#14
Hyo Jin Lee, Denise D Tran, Holly E R Morrell
Problematic video game use (PVGU), or addiction-like use of video games, is associated with physical and mental health problems and problems in social and occupational functioning. Possible correlates of PVGU include frequency of play, cigarette smoking, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The aim of the current study was to explore simultaneously the relationships among these variables as well as test whether two separate measures of PVGU measure the same construct, using a structural modeling approach...
April 13, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611868/health-related-quality-of-life-and-peer-relationships-in-adolescents-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Deborah Dewey, Anna Volkovinskaia
AIM: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and peer relationships were investigated in adolescents with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Adolescents with DCD (n=9), ADHD (n=9), DCD and ADHD (n=10), and typically developing adolescents (n=16) completed the following questionnaires: KIDSCREEN-52 Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire and Peer Relations Questionnaire for Children. Twenty-five participants took part in semi-structured interviews...
April 3, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609811/the-effect-of-feature-selection-on-multivariate-pattern-analysis-of-structural-brain-mr-images
#16
Ayşe Demirhan
Clinical predictions performed using structural magnetic resonance (MR) images are crucial in neuroimaging studies and can be used as a successful complementary method for clinical decision making. Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) is a significant tool that helps correct predictions by exhibiting a compound relationship between disease-related features. In this study, the effectiveness of determining the most relevant features for MVPA of the brain MR images are examined using ReliefF and minimum Redundancy Maximum Relevance (mRMR) algorithms to predict the Alzheimer's disease (AD), schizophrenia, autism, and attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
March 2018: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608072/a-smartphone-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-parental-behavioral-consistency-associations-with-parental-stress-and-child-adhd-symptoms
#17
James J Li, Jennifer E Lansford
Inconsistent parental discipline is a robust correlate of child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, but few studies have considered the role of inconsistent positive parenting on ADHD, as well as the effects of stress on negative and positive parental consistency. This study advanced a novel ecological momentary assessment (EMA) using participant smartphones to measure parental consistency, and examined its associations with family, social, and parenting-related dimensions of stress and child ADHD symptoms...
April 2, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604524/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-turkish-psychiatric-outpatients
#18
Volkan Gelegen, Lut Tamam
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is defined as the failure to resist aggressive impulses resulting in repeated acts of verbal and/or physical aggression. Although it is frequently encountered in clinical psychiatric practice, there is a paucity of data concerning IED in the scientific literature both internationally and in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IED and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a clinical setting. METHODS: A total of 406 patients who were referred to our psychiatry outpatient clinic for the first time in a six-month period were included in the study...
March 18, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604300/face-memory-and-face-recognition-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Maria Romani, Miriam Vigliante, Noemi Faedda, Serena Rossetti, Lina Pezzuti, Vincenzo Guidetti, Francesco Cardona
This review focuses on facial recognition abilities in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A systematic review, using PRISMA guidelines, was conducted to identify original articles published prior to May 2017 pertaining to memory, face recognition, affect recognition, facial expression recognition and recall of faces in children and adolescents with ADHD. The qualitative synthesis based on different studies shows a particular focus of the research on facial affect recognition without paying similar attention to the structural encoding of facial recognition...
March 28, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596328/performance-of-the-adult-adhd-self-report-scale-v1-1-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Boadie W Dunlop, Ruizhe Wu, Kathleen Helms
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is an under-recognized comorbid disorder among patients with mood disorders. ADHD is an independent risk factor for suicidal ideation and behavior and contributes to many aspects of impaired function in adults. Diagnosis of ADHD in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) patients is challenging due to the overlap in cognitive symptoms between the two disorders. The ADHD Self-Report Scale, version 1.1 (ASRS-v1.1) is a widely used screening instrument for ADHD in adults but its accuracy has not been evaluated previously in treatment-seeking MDD patients...
March 29, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
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