keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plant tissue culture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640945/production-of-human-vitronectin-in-nicotiana-benthamiana-using-the-inpact-hyper-expression-platform
#1
Benjamin Dugdale, Maiko Kato, Pradeep Deo, Manuel Plan, Mark Harrison, Robyn Lloyd, Terry Walsh, Robert Harding, James Dale
Human vitronectin (hVN) is a glycoprotein that functions as a cell adhesion molecule and a regulator of coagulation in blood plasma and the extracellular matrix. In vitro, hVN is added to serum-free media in order to promote the adhesion of animal cells to tissue culture surfaces and the proliferation of undifferentiated stem cells. Here, we report the production of hVN in Nicotiana benthamiana using the inducible In Plant Activation (INPACT) hyper-expression platform. N. benthamiana plants were transformed with an INPACT expression cassette encoding hVN, and both the Tobacco yellow dwarf virus Rep/RepA activator and Tomato bushy stunt virus p19 gene under the transcriptional control of the ethanol-inducible AlcR:alcA gene switch...
June 22, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633085/biotechnological-production-of-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-protein-reteplase-from-transplastomic-tobacco-cell-cultures
#2
Diego Hidalgo, Maryam Abdoli-Nasab, Mokhtar Jalali-Javaran, Roque Bru-Martínez, Rosa M Cusidó, Purificación Corchete, Javier Palazon
Transplastomic plants are a system of choice for the mass production of biopharmaceuticals due to the polyploidy of the plastid genome and the low risk of pollen-mediated outcrossing because of maternal inheritance. However, as field-grown plants, they can suffer contamination by agrochemicals and fertilizers, as well as fluctuations in yield due to climatic changes and infections. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), a protein used to treat heart attacks, converts plasminogen into plasmine, which digests fibrin and induces the dissolution of fibrin clots...
June 13, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605387/a-simple-fractionated-extraction-method-for-the-comprehensive-analysis-of-metabolites-lipids-and-proteins-from-a-single-sample
#3
Mohamed Salem, Michal Bernach, Krzysztof Bajdzienko, Patrick Giavalisco
Understanding of complex biological systems requires the measurement, analysis and integration of multiple compound classes of the living cell, usually determined by transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomics and lipidomic measurements. In this protocol, we introduce a simple method for the reproducible extraction of metabolites, lipids and proteins from biological tissues using a single aliquot per sample. The extraction method is based on a methyl tert-butyl ether: methanol: water system for liquid: liquid partitioning of hydrophobic and polar metabolites into two immiscible phases along with the precipitation of proteins and other macromolecules as a solid pellet...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599181/adsorption-of-cell-penetrating-peptide-tat2-and-polycation-luviquat-fc-370-to-triticale-microspore-exine
#4
Jordan T Pepper, Priti Maheshwari, François Eudes
Microspores are the pre-gametophyte stage of pollen, and have proven to be a successful tissue culture material for the production of doubled haploid plants. Microspore culture has also been used as a platform for the production of transgenic plants. The use of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) as transfection agents in microspores has been previously demonstrated, but at low efficiencies. Here, the pH dependent adsorption of the cationic CPP Tat2 to the sporopollenin surface of the microspore (the exine) has been explored using electrophoretic light scattering (ELS)...
June 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597418/influence-of-led-light-spectra-on-in-vitro-somatic-embryogenesis-and-lc-ms-analysis-of-chlorogenic-acid-and-rutin-in-peucedanum-japonicum-thunb-a-medicinal-herb
#5
Chia-Chen Chen, Dinesh Chandra Agrawal, Maw-Rong Lee, Ren-Jye Lee, Chao-Lin Kuo, Chi-Rei Wu, Hsin-Sheng Tsay, Hung-Chi Chang
BACKGROUND: Peucedanum japonicum Thunb, an important medicinal herb is reported to possess pharmacological properties such as anti-obesity, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic and anti-platelet aggregation. The present study aimed to develop an in vitro plant regeneration system of P. japonicum via somatic embryogenesis and to analyse chlorogenic acid and rutin contents in a few commercially available plant products of P. japonicum in Japan and Taiwan markets, and tissue culture plants derived from somatic embryos...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587985/naturally-occurring-xanthone-and-benzophenone-derivatives-exert-significant-anti-proliferative-and-proapoptotic-effects-in-vitro-on-synovial-fibroblasts-and-macrophages-from-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#6
Izabella Henc, Adam Kokotkiewicz, Piotr Łuczkiewicz, Ewa Bryl, Maria Łuczkiewicz, Jacek M Witkowski
There is a need for novel, safer and cheaper drugs for the therapy of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), better targeted against the cellular processes involved in the disease pathogenesis. Using advanced analysis of microscopic images and flow cytometry, we demonstrate that naturally occurring xanthone and benzophenone derivatives exert strong, dose- and O2 concentration-dependent anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on RA patients' fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and macrophages. Suspensions containing fibroblasts, macrophages and other infiltrating cells were obtained from inflamed synovial tissue collected from female RA patients...
June 3, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578397/donor-and-recipient-contribution-to-phenotypic-traits-and-the-expression-of-biomineralisation-genes-in-the-pearl-oyster-model-pinctada-margaritifera
#7
Carole Blay, Serge Planes, Chin-Long Ky
Grafting associates two distinct genotypes, each of which maintains its own genetic identity throughout the life of the grafted organism. Grafting technology is well documented in the plant kingdom, but much less so in animals. The pearl oyster, Pinctada margaritifera, produces valuable pearls as a result of the biomineralisation process of a mantle graft from a donor inserted together with a nucleus into the gonad of a recipient oyster. To explore the respective roles of donor and recipient in pearl formation, a uniform experimental graft was designed using donor and recipient oysters monitored for their growth traits...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570659/caffeic-acid-and-hydroxytyrosol-have-anti-obesogenic-properties-in-zebrafish-and-rainbow-trout-models
#8
Esmail Lutfi, Patrick J Babin, Joaquim Gutiérrez, Encarnación Capilla, Isabel Navarro
Some natural products, known sources of bioactive compounds with a wide range of properties, may have therapeutic values in human health and diseases, as well as agronomic applications. The effect of three compounds of plant origin with well-known dietary antioxidant properties, astaxanthin (ATX), caffeic acid (CA) and hydroxytyrosol (HT), on zebrafish (Danio rerio) larval adiposity and rainbow trout (Onchorynchus mykiss) adipocytes was assessed. The zebrafish obesogenic test (ZOT) demonstrated the anti-obesogenic activity of CA and HT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534307/acanthus-ilicifolius-l-a-promising-candidate-for-phytostabilization-of-zinc
#9
A M Shackira, Jos T Puthur, E Nabeesa Salim
The potential of a halophyte species-Acanthus ilicifolius L.-to phytostabilize zinc (Zn) grown under hydroponics culture conditions was critically evaluated in this study. The propagules after treating with ZnSO4 (4 mM) were analysed for the bioaccumulation pattern, translocation rate of Zn to the shoot, effects of Zn accumulation on organic solutes and the antioxidant defence system. It was found that most of the Zn absorbed by the plant was retained in the root (47%) and only a small portion was transported to stem (12%) and leaves (11%)...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527417/fate-of-the-sunscreen-compound-oxybenzone-in-cyperus-alternifolius-based-hydroponic-culture-uptake-biotransformation-and-phytotoxicity
#10
Feiran Chen, Christian Huber, Peter Schröder
Oxybenzone (OBZ), a common ingredient in sunscreens and personal care products, has been frequently detected in effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants and also in surface waters. OBZ is an emerging contaminant due to its adverse impacts on marine/aquatic ecosystems. To investigate the removal and degradation capacity of phytotreatment for OBZ, the common wetland plant species Cyperus alternifolius L. was exposed to this compound at 5, 25 and 50 μM for 120 h, respectively. Continuous uptake by roots and accumulation in plant tissues was observed over the exposure time, and depletion of spiked OBZ from the aqueous medium exceeded 73...
May 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527335/dissection-of-cis-regulatory-element-architecture-of-the-rice-oleosin-gene-promoters-to-assess-abscisic-acid-responsiveness-in-suspension-cultured-rice-cells
#11
Sol Kim, Soo-Bin Lee, Chae-Seong Han, Mi-Na Lim, Sung-Eun Lee, In Sun Yoon, Yong-Sic Hwang
Oleosins are the most abundant proteins in the monolipid layer surrounding neutral storage lipids that form oil bodies in plants. Several lines of evidence indicate that they are physiologically important for the maintenance of oil body structure and for mobilization of the lipids stored inside. Rice has six oleosin genes in its genome, the expression of all of which was found to be responsive to abscisic acid (ABA) in our examination of mature embryo and aleurone tissues. The 5'-flanking region of OsOle5 was initially characterized for its responsiveness to ABA through a transient expression assay system using the protoplasts from suspension-cultured rice cells...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526530/insights-into-the-early-stage-of-pinus-nigra-arn-somatic-embryogenesis-using-discovery-proteomics
#12
Katarína Klubicová, Lubica Uvácková, Maksym Danchenko, Peter Nemecek, Ludovít Skultéty, Ján Salaj, Terézia Salaj
The somatic embryogenesis in conifers represents a suitable model of plant regeneration system facilitating studies of fundamental aspects of an early development as well as in vitro micropropagation. The aim of our study was to deeper understand the somatic embryogenesis in the conifer tree Pinus nigra Arn. Comparative proteomic analysis based on 2D-PAGE in 1) proliferating embryogenic tissues (E) initiated from immature zygotic embryos, 2) non-embryogenic calli (NEC) initiated from cotyledons of somatic seedlings of the same genotypes, 3) embryogenic tissues that lost the maturation capacity (E-L) of two cell lines (E362, E366)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523644/elicitation-as-a-tool-to-improve-the-profiles-of-high-value-secondary-metabolites-and-pharmacological-properties-of-hypericum-perforatum
#13
REVIEW
Preeti Shakya, Gregory Marslin, Karthik Siram, Ludger Beerhues, Gregory Franklin
OBJECTIVES: In this review, we aim at updating the available information on the improvement of the Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) phytochemical profile and pharmacological properties via elicitation. KEY FINDINGS: Hypericum perforatum seedlings, shoots, roots, calli and cell suspension cultures were treated with diverse elicitors to induce the formation of secondary metabolites. The extracts of the elicitor-treated plant material containing naphthodianthrones, phloroglucinols, xanthones, flavonoids and other new compounds were quantitatively analysed and tested for their bioactivities...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523073/improved-axenic-hydroponic-whole-plant-propagation-for-rapid-production-of-roots-as-transformation-target-tissue
#14
Kyle Benzle, Katrina Cornish
BACKGROUND: Plant roots are used as an efficient target tissue for plant transformation assays. In root propagable species transformed roots are able to regenerate into whole plants without the addition of exogenous hormones, thus avoiding somaclonal variation associated with many plant transformation protocols. Plants grown in soil or soilless solid medium have roots that tend to be extremely delicate and are difficult to sterilize in advance of plant transformation experiments. Axenic tissue culture plants grown on semi-solid media are slow to produce large amounts of biomass compared to plants grown in solution-based media...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512379/evaluation-of-pochonia-chlamydosporia-and-purpureocillium-lilacinum-for-suppression-of-meloidogyne-enterolobii-on-tomato-and-banana
#15
Silas D Silva, Regina M D G Carneiro, Marcos Faria, Daniela A Souza, Rose G Monnerat, Rogerio B Lopes
Meloidogyne enterolobii is one of the most important root-knot nematode in tropical regions, due to its ability to overcome resistance mechanisms of a number of host plants. The lack of new and safe active ingredients against this nematode has restricted control alternatives for growers. Egg-parasitic fungi have been considered as potential candidates for the development of bionematicides. In tissue culture plates, Pochonia chlamydosporia (var. catenulata and chlamydosporia) and Purpureocillium lilacinum strains were screened for their ability to infect eggs of the root-knot nematode M...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512372/characterization-of-lilium-longiflorum-cv-nellie-white-infection-with-root-lesion-nematode-pratylenchus-penetrans-by-bright-field-and-transmission-electron-microscopy
#16
Paulo Vieira, Joseph Mowery, James Kilcrease, Jonathan D Eisenback, Kathryn Kamo
Lilium longiflorum cv. Nellie White, commonly known as Easter lily, is an important floral crop with an annual wholesale value of over $26 million in the United States. The root-lesion nematode, Pratylenchus penetrans, is a major pest of lily due to the significant root damage it causes. In this study, we investigated the cytological aspects of this plant-nematode interaction using bright-field and transmission electron microscopy. We took advantage of an in vitro culture method to multiply lilies and follow the nematode infection over time...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510781/5-azacytidine-mediated-reactivation-of-silenced-transgenes-in-potato-solanum-tuberosum-at-the-whole-plant-level
#17
Dimitrij Tyč, Eva Nocarová, Lenka Sikorová, Lukáš Fischer
Transient 5-azacytidine treatment of leaf explants from potato plants with transcriptionally silenced transgenes allows de novo regeneration of plants with restored transgene expression at the whole plant level. Transgenes introduced into plant genomes frequently become silenced either at the transcriptional or the posttranscriptional level. Transcriptional silencing is usually associated with DNA methylation in the promoter region. Treatments with inhibitors of maintenance DNA methylation were previously shown to allow reactivation of transcriptionally silenced transgenes in single cells or tissues, but not at the whole plant level...
May 16, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509939/bioremoval-of-lead-using-pennisetum-purpureum-augmented-with-enterobacter-cloacae-vitpasj1-a-pot-culture-approach
#18
Anamika Das, Priyanka Belgaonkar, Aditya S Raman, Sofia Banu, Jabez W Osborne
Lead is a toxic heavy metal discharged into the ecosystem from various industries. Biological remediation strategies have been effective in the bioremoval of lead. In our current study, a phytobacterial system using Pennisetum purpureum along with lead-resistant bacterium (LRB) was employed for the uptake of lead. The LRB was obtained from lead-contaminated sites. The isolate VITPASJ1 was found to be highly tolerant to lead and was identified as an effective plant growth-promoting bacterium. The 16S rRNA sequencing revealed VITPASJ1 to be the closest neighbour of Enterobacter cloacae...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487719/silicon-mediated-alleviation-of-aluminum-toxicity-by-modulation-of-al-si-uptake-and-antioxidant-performance-in-ryegrass-plants
#19
Sofía Pontigo, Karina Godoy, Héctor Jiménez, Ana Gutiérrez-Moraga, María de la Luz Mora, Paula Cartes
Silicon (Si) has been well documented to alleviate aluminum (Al) toxicity in vascular plants. However, the mechanisms underlying these responses remain poorly understood. Here, we assessed the effect of Si on the modulation of Si/Al uptake and the antioxidant performance of ryegrass plants hydroponically cultivated with Al (0 and 0.2 mM) in combination with Si (0, 0.5, and 2.0 mM). Exposure to Al significantly increased Al concentration, mainly in the roots, with a consequent reduction in root growth. However, Si applied to the culture media steadily diminished the Al concentration in ryegrass, which was accompanied by an enhancement in root dry matter production...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481937/metabolomic-homeostasis-shifts-after-callus-formation-and-shoot-regeneration-in-tomato
#20
Alka Kumari, Kamalika Ray, Sadhna Sadhna, Arun Kumar Pandey, Yellamaraju Sreelakshmi, Rameshwar Sharma
Plants can regenerate from a variety of tissues on culturing in appropriate media. However, the metabolic shifts involved in callus formation and shoot regeneration are largely unknown. The metabolic profiles of callus generated from tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) cotyledons and that of shoot regenerated from callus were compared with the pct1-2 mutant that exhibits enhanced polar auxin transport and the shr mutant that exhibits elevated nitric oxide levels. The transformation from cotyledon to callus involved a major shift in metabolite profiles with denser metabolic networks in the callus...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
49970
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"