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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738536/effect-of-apigenin-kaempferol-and-resveratrol-on-the-gene-expression-and-protein-secretion-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-10-il-10-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#1
Marta Palacz-Wrobel, Paulina Borkowska, Monika Paul-Samojedny, Malgorzata Kowalczyk, Anna Fila-Danilow, Renata Suchanek-Raif, Jan Kowalski
Polyphenols such as apigenin, kaempferol or resveratrol are typically found in plants, including fruits, vegetables, herbs and spices, which have a wide range of biological functions such as antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, vasodilative, anticoagulative and proapoptotic. Discovering such multifunctional compounds in widely consumed plant-based products - ones that both inhibit the release of TNF-α from tissue macrophages and at the same time enhance the secretion of IL-10 - would be an important signpost in the quest for effective pharmacological treatment of numerous diseases that have an inflammatory etiology...
July 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736573/a-rapid-and-efficient-in-vitro-regeneration-system-for-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-l
#2
Isabel Armas, Natalia Pogrebnyak, Ilya Raskin
BACKGROUND: Successful biotechnological improvement of crop plants requires a reliable and efficient in vitro regeneration system. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), one the most important vegetable crops worldwide, is strongly genotype-dependent in terms of regeneration capacity, limiting the potential for biotechnological improvement of cultivars which show recalcitrance under currently available protocols. The effect of different nutrient sources, plant hormone combinations and activated charcoal supplementation on shoot induction efficiency was evaluated on the cultivar 'RSL NFR', which had previously shown poor regeneration efficiency...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735410/rhizosphere-sampling-protocols-for-microbiome-16s-18s-its-rrna-library-preparation-and-enrichment-for-the-isolation-of-drought-tolerance-promoting-microbes
#3
Venkatachalam Lakshmanan, Prasun Ray, Kelly D Craven
Natural plant microbiomes are abundant and have a remarkably robust composition, both as epiphytes on the plant surface and as endophytes within plant tissues. Microbes in the former "habitat" face limited nutrients and harsh environmental conditions, while those in the latter likely lead a more sheltered existence. The most populous and diverse of these microbiomes are associated with the zone around the plant roots, commonly referred to as the rhizosphere. A majority of recent studies characterize these plant-associated microbiomes by community profiling of bacteria and fungi, using amplicon-based marker genes and next-generation sequencing (NGS)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725632/medicinal-importance-pharmacological-activities-and-analytical-aspects-of-hispidulin-a-concise-report
#4
REVIEW
Kanika Patel, Dinesh Kumar Patel
Herbal medicines have been played an important role in the human civilization since very ancient time as a food, cloth, medicine and other aspects. Some of the important drugs in the modern medicine were derived from the natural sources such as aspirin, digitalis, quinine, vincristine, vinblastine etc. Hispidulin (4', 5, 7-trihydroxy-6-methoxyflavone) is a flavones derivative found in plant such as Grindelia argentina, Arrabidaea chica, Saussurea involucrate, Crossostephium chinense, Artemisia and Salvia species...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713920/low%C3%A2-dose-halofuginone-inhibits-the-synthesis-of-type-i-collagen-without-influencing-type-ii-collagen-in-the-extracellular-matrix-of-chondrocytes
#5
Zeng Li, Hao Fei, Zhen Wang, Tianyi Zhu
Full‑thickness and large area defects of articular cartilage are unable to completely repair themselves and require surgical intervention, including microfracture, autologous or allogeneic osteochondral grafts, and autologous chondrocyte implantation. A large proportion of regenerative cartilage exists as fibrocartilage, which is unable to withstand impacts in the same way as native hyaline cartilage, owing to excess synthesis of type I collagen in the matrix. The present study demonstrated that low‑dose halofuginone (HF), a plant alkaloid isolated from Dichroa febrifuga, may inhibit the synthesis of type I collagen without influencing type II collagen in the extracellular matrix of chondrocytes...
September 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712499/use-of-crispr-cas9-for-crop-improvement-in-maize-and-soybean
#6
Doane Chilcoat, Zhan-Bin Liu, Jeffry Sander
CRISPR/Cas enables precise improvement of commercially relevant crop species by transgenic and nontransgenic methodologies. We have used CRISPR/Cas with or without DNA repair template in both corn and soybean for a range of applications including enhancing drought tolerance, improving seed oil composition, and endowing herbicide tolerance. Importantly, by pairing CRISPR/Cas technology with recent advances in plant tissue culture, these changes can be introduced directly into commercially relevant genotypes...
2017: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705396/host-extracts-induce-changes-in-the-proteome-of-plant-pathogen-fusarium-proliferatum
#7
Karolina Górna, Dawid Perlikowski, Arkadiusz Kosmala, Łukasz Stępień
Fusarium proliferatum is a polyphagous pathogenic fungus able to infect many crop plants worldwide. Differences in proteins accumulated were observed when maize- and asparagus-derived F. proliferatum strains were exposed to host extracts prepared from asparagus, maize, garlic, and pineapple tissues. Seventy-three unique proteins were up-regulated in extract-supplemented cultures compared to the controls. They were all identified using mass spectrometry and their putative functions were assigned. A major part of identified proteins was involved in sugar metabolism and basic metabolic processes...
August 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701877/endophytic-fungi-harbored-in-panax-notoginseng-diversity-and-potential-as-biological-control-agents-against-host-plant-pathogens-of%C3%A2-root-rot-disease
#8
You-Kun Zheng, Cui-Ping Miao, Hua-Hong Chen, Fang-Fang Huang, Yu-Mei Xia, You-Wei Chen, Li-Xing Zhao
BACKGROUND: Endophytic fungi play an important role in balancing the ecosystem and boosting host growth. In the present study, we investigated the endophytic fungal diversity of healthy Panax notoginseng and evaluated its potential antimicrobial activity against five major phytopathogens causing root-rot of P. notoginseng. METHODS: A culture-dependent technique, combining morphological and molecular methods, was used to analyze endophytic fungal diversity. A double-layer agar technique was used to challenge the phytopathogens of P...
July 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697477/green-synthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles-using-a-cheap-sphaeranthus-indicus-extract-impact-on-plant-cells-and-the-aquatic-crustacean-artemia-nauplii
#9
Chinnasamy Balalakshmi, Kasi Gopinath, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Ravi Lokesh, Ayyakannu Arumugam, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Giovanni Benelli
The impact of green-fabricated gold nanoparticles on plant cells and non-target aquatic species is scarcely studied. In this research, we reported an environment friendly technique for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) using the Sphaeranthus indicus leaf extract. The formation of the metal NPs was characterized by UV-Visible and FT-IR spectroscopy, XRD, SEM and TEM analyses. The UV-Visible spectra of Au NPs showed a surface plasmon resonance peak at 531nm. FT-IR analysis indicated functional bio-molecules associated with Au NPs formation...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692936/tritium-forms-discrimination-in-ryegrass-under-constant-tritium-exposure-from-seed-germination-to-seedling-autotrophy
#10
H Renard, D Maro, S Le Dizès, A Escobar-Gutiérrez, C Voiseux, L Solier, D Hébert, M Rozet, C Cossonnet, R Barillot
Uncertainties remain regarding the fate of atmospheric tritium after it has been assimilated in grasslands (ryegrass) in the form of TFWT (Tissue Free Water Tritium) or OBT (Organically Bound Tritium). One such uncertainty relates to the tritium forms discrimination during transfer from TFWT to OBT resulting from photosynthesis (OBTphoto), corresponding to the OBTphoto/TFWT ratio. In this study, the OBT/TFWT ratio is determined by experiments in the laboratory using a ryegrass model and hydroponic cultures, with constant activity of tritium in the form of tritiated water (denoted as HTO) in the "water" compartment (liquid HTO) and "air" compartment (HTO vapour in the air)...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686178/cultivating-fluorescent-flowers-with-highly-luminescent-carbon-dots-fabricated-by-a-double-passivation-method
#11
Shuai Han, Tao Chang, Haiping Zhao, Huanhuan Du, Shan Liu, Baoshuang Wu, Shenjun Qin
In this work, we present the fabrication of highly luminescent carbon dots (CDs) by a double passivation method with the assistance of Ca(OH)₂. In the reaction process, Ca(2+) protects the active functional groups from overconsumption during dehydration and carbonization, and the electron-withdrawing groups on the CD surface are converted to electron-donating groups by the hydroxyl ions. As a result, the fluorescence quantum yield of the CDs was found to increase with increasing Ca(OH)₂ content in the reaction process...
July 7, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685479/neoteric-trends-in-tissue-culture-mediated-biotechnology-of-indian-ipecac-tylophora-indica-burm-f-merrill
#12
REVIEW
Saikat Gantait, Suprabuddha Kundu
Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merrill, an ethno-pharmacologically important perennial climber of Asclepiadaceae, is commonly known as Antamul or Indian ipecac. It is essentially accredited for its medicinal properties owing to its wide range of alkaloids in the form of bioactive secondary metabolites, such as tylophorine, tylophorinine, and tylophorinidine. Accelerated mass propagation of Tylophora is challenging because of its reduced seed germination frequency that consequently headed the pursuit for efficient protocols on in vitro propagation for the large-scale regeneration, conservation as well as sustainable supply of quality propagules...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681159/selectable-marker-independent-transformation-of-recalcitrant-maize-inbred-b73-and-sorghum-p898012-mediated-by-morphogenic-regulators-baby-boom-and-wuschel2
#13
Muruganantham Mookkan, Kimberly Nelson-Vasilchik, Joel Hague, Zhanyuan J Zhang, Albert P Kausch
Discriminatory co-expression of maize BBM and WUS transcriptional factor genes promoted somatic embryogenesis and efficient Agrobacterium -mediated transformation of recalcitrant maize inbred B73 and sorghum P898012 genotypes without use of a selectable marker gene. The use of morphogenic regulators to overcome barriers in plant transformation is a revolutionary breakthrough for basic plant science and crop applications. Current standard plant transformation systems are bottlenecks for genetic, genomic, and crop improvement studies...
July 5, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676820/arabinogalactan-proteins-are-involved-in-salt-adaptation-and-vesicle-trafficking-in-tobacco-by-2-cell-cultures
#14
Enrique Olmos, Jesús García De La Garma, Maria C Gomez-Jimenez, Nieves Fernandez-Garcia
Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are a highly diverse family of glycoproteins that are commonly found in most plant species. However, little is known about the physiological and molecular mechanisms of their function. AGPs are involved in different biological processes such as cell differentiation, cell expansion, tissue development and somatic embryogenesis. AGPs are also involved in abiotic stress response such as salinity modulating cell wall expansion. In this study, we describe how salt-adaptation in tobacco BY-2 cell cultures induces important changes in arabinogalactan proteins distribution and contents...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675630/erwinia-amylovora-catalases-kata-and-katg-are-virulence-factors-and-delay-the-starvation-induced-viable-but-nonculturable-vbnc-response
#15
Ricardo D Santander, Àngela Figàs-Segura, Elena G Biosca
The life cycle of the plant pathogen Erwinia amylovora comprises periods inside and outside the host in which it faces oxidative stress caused by hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and other compounds. Sources of this stress are plant defences, other microorganisms and/or exposure to starvation or other environmental challenges. However, the functional roles of H2 O2 neutralizing enzymes like catalases during plant-pathogen interactions and/or under starvation conditions in phytopathogens of the family Erwiniaceae or closely related families have not been yet investigated...
July 4, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673986/cytokinin-induces-genome-wide-binding-of-the-type-b-response-regulator-arr10-to-regulate-growth-and-development-in-arabidopsis
#16
Yan O Zubo, Ivory Clabaugh Blakley, Maria V Yamburenko, Jennifer M Worthen, Ian H Street, José M Franco-Zorrilla, Wenjing Zhang, Kristine Hill, Tracy Raines, Roberto Solano, Joseph J Kieber, Ann E Loraine, G Eric Schaller
The plant hormone cytokinin affects a diverse array of growth and development processes and responses to the environment. How a signaling molecule mediates such a diverse array of outputs and how these response pathways are integrated with other inputs remain fundamental questions in plant biology. To this end, we characterized the transcriptional network initiated by the type-B ARABIDOPSIS RESPONSE REGULATORs (ARRs) that mediate the cytokinin primary response, making use of chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq), protein-binding microarrays, and transcriptomic approaches...
July 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669073/improvement-of-abiotic-stress-adaptive-traits-in-mulberry-morus-spp-an-update-on-biotechnological-interventions
#17
REVIEW
Tanmoy Sarkar, Thallapally Mogili, Vankadara Sivaprasad
Mulberry (Morus spp.), being an economically important tree, is cultivated in China, India, Thailand, Brazil, Uzbekistan and other Countries across the globe, for its leaves to feed monophagous mulberry silkworm (Bombyx mori). The sustainability of silk industry is directly correlated with the production and continuous supply of high-quality mulberry leaves. In India, it is cultivated on large scale in tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions under irrigated conditions for silkworm rearing. Drought, low temperature, high salinity and alkalinity, being experienced in widespread areas, are the major abiotic stresses, causing reduction in its potential foliage yield and quality...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647118/screening-of-wheat-endophytes-as-biological-control-agents-against-fusarium-head-blight-using-two-different-in-vitro-tests
#18
Morgane Comby, Marie Gacoin, Mathilde Robineau, Fanja Rabenoelina, Sébastien Ptas, Joëlle Dupont, Camille Profizi, Fabienne Baillieul
In order to find biological control agents (BCAs) for the management of Fusarium head blight (FHB), a major disease on wheat crops worldwide, 86 microorganisms isolated from inner tissues of wheat plants were discriminated for their ability to inhibit the growth of Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum by in vitro dual culture assays. A group of 22 strains appeared very effective to inhibit F. graminearum (inhibition of 30-51%) and they were also globally effective in controlling F. culmorum (inhibition of 15-53%)...
September 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640945/production-of-human-vitronectin-in-nicotiana-benthamiana-using-the-inpact-hyper-expression-platform
#19
Benjamin Dugdale, Maiko Kato, Pradeep Deo, Manuel Plan, Mark Harrison, Robyn Lloyd, Terry Walsh, Robert Harding, James Dale
Human vitronectin (hVN) is a glycoprotein that functions as a cell adhesion molecule and a regulator of coagulation in blood plasma and the extracellular matrix. In vitro, hVN is added to serum-free media in order to promote the adhesion of animal cells to tissue culture surfaces and the proliferation of undifferentiated stem cells. Here, we report the production of hVN in Nicotiana benthamiana using the inducible In Plant Activation (INPACT) hyper-expression platform. N. benthamiana plants were transformed with an INPACT expression cassette encoding hVN, and both the Tobacco yellow dwarf virus Rep/RepA activator and Tomato bushy stunt virus p19 gene under the transcriptional control of the ethanol-inducible AlcR:alcA gene switch...
June 22, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633085/biotechnological-production-of-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-protein-reteplase-from-transplastomic-tobacco-cell-cultures
#20
Diego Hidalgo, Maryam Abdoli-Nasab, Mokhtar Jalali-Javaran, Roque Bru-Martínez, Rosa M Cusidó, Purificación Corchete, Javier Palazon
Transplastomic plants are a system of choice for the mass production of biopharmaceuticals due to the polyploidy of the plastid genome and the low risk of pollen-mediated outcrossing because of maternal inheritance. However, as field-grown plants, they can suffer contamination by agrochemicals and fertilizers, as well as fluctuations in yield due to climatic changes and infections. Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), a protein used to treat heart attacks, converts plasminogen into plasmine, which digests fibrin and induces the dissolution of fibrin clots...
June 13, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
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