keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plant organogenesis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073502/the-growth-of-a-stable-stationary-structure-coordinating-cell-behavior-and-patterning-at-the-shoot-apical-meristem
#1
REVIEW
Jekaterina Truskina, Teva Vernoux
Plants are characterized by their ability to produce new organs post-embryonically throughout their entire life cycle. In particular development of all above-ground organs relies almost entirely on the function of the shoot apical meristem (SAM). The SAM performs a dual role by maintaining a pool of undifferentiated cells and simultaneously driving cell differentiation to initiate organogenesis. Both processes require strict coordination between individual cells which leads to formation of reproducible morphological and molecular patterns within SAM...
October 23, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032167/evaluation-of-embryotoxic-and-teratogenic-effects-of-the-oil-extracted-from-caryocar-brasiliense-cambess-pulp-in-rats
#2
Giseli Karenina Traesel, Fernando Freitas de Lima, Ariany Carvalho Dos Santos, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho Souza, Daniela Torres Cantadori, Carlos Roberto Kretschmer, Vinicius João Navarini, Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich
The objective of this study was to evaluate the maternal, embryotoxic and teratogenic effects of Caryocar brasiliense pulp oil (OPCB), oil widely used in Brazilian cuisine and traditional medicine. Pregnant Wistar female rats were used in this study for three treatment groups (250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day) and a control group. The OPCB was administered orally throughout the period of organogenesis of females (6th until the 15th day of gestation). The pregnant females were gross necropsied on d20, followed by maternal and fetus examination, to evaluate the teratogenicity, reproductive and developmental performance of OPCB...
October 12, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992121/auxin-and-above-ground-meristems
#3
Ying Wang, Yuling Jiao
In contrast to animals, plants maintain life-long post-embryonic organogenesis from specialized tissues termed meristems. Shoot meristems give rise to all aerial tissues and are precisely regulated to balance stem cell renewal and differentiation. The phytohormone auxin has a dynamic and differential distribution within shoot meristems and during shoot meristem formation. Polar auxin transport and local auxin biosynthesis lead to auxin maxima and minima to direct cell fate specification, which are critical for meristem formation, lateral organ formation, and lateral organ patterning...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980679/cellular-behavior-controlled-by-bio-inspired-and-geometry-tunable-nanohairs
#4
Chaejeong Heo, Chanho Jeong, Hyeon Seong Im, Jong Uk Kim, Juhyun Woo, Ji Yeon Lee, Byeonghak Park, Minah Suh, Tae-Il Kim
A cicada wing has a biocidal feature of rupturing the membrane of cells, while the cactus spine can transmit a water drop to the stem of the plant. Both of these properties have evolved from their respective unique structures. Here, we endeavor to develop geometry-controllable nanohairs that mimic the cicada's wing-like vertical hairs and the cactus spine-like stooped hairs, and to quantitatively characterize the cell migration behavior of the hairy structures. It was found that the neuroblastoma cells are highly sensitive to the variation of surfaces: flat, vertical, and stooped nanohairs (100 nm diameter and 900 nm height)...
October 5, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968512/breakout-lateral-root-emergence-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#5
REVIEW
Dorothee Stoeckle, Martha Thellmann, Joop Em Vermeer
Lateral roots are determinants of plant root system architecture. Besides providing anchorage, they are a plant's means to explore the soil environment for water and nutrients. Lateral roots form post-embryonically and initiate deep within the root. On its way to the surface, the newly formed organ needs to grow through three overlying cell layers; the endodermis, cortex and epidermis. A picture is emerging that a tight integration of chemical and mechanical signalling between the lateral root and the surrounding tissue is essential for proper organogenesis...
September 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889966/safety-evaluation-of-supratherapeutic-dose-of-maytenus-ilicifolia-mart-ex-reissek-extracts-on-fertility-and-neurobehavioral-status-of-male-and-pregnant-rats
#6
Assis Ecker, Carla Giane Loss, Stephen A Adefegha, Aline Augusti Boligon, Silvane Souza Roman
Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek is a plant commonly used in folklore medicine in the management of gastric diseases in South America. This study explores the effects of a supratherapeutic dose of aqueous and ethanol extracts of M. ilicifolia (1360 mg/kg) on fertility and neurobehavioral status in male and pregnant rats. A battery of sensory-motor developmental endpoints was carried out to assess impairments on pups of dams orally treated with the aqueous extract of M. ilicifolia during the organogenesis period of pregnancy (GD 9 through GD 14)...
September 7, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878500/genome-wide-identification-of-saur-genes-in-watermelon-citrullus-lanatus
#7
Na Zhang, Xing Huang, Yaning Bao, Bo Wang, Hongxia Zeng, Weishun Cheng, Mi Tang, Yuhua Li, Jian Ren, Yuhong Sun
The early auxin responsive SAUR family is an important gene family in auxin signal transduction. We here present the first report of a genome-wide identification of SAUR genes in watermelon genome. We successfully identified 65 ClaSAURs and provide a genomic framework for future study on these genes. Phylogenetic result revealed a Cucurbitaceae-specific SAUR subfamily and contribute to understanding of the evolutionary pattern of SAUR genes in plants. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrates the existed expression of 11 randomly selected SAUR genes in watermelon tissues...
July 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865805/de-novo-root-regeneration-from-leaf-explants-wounding-auxin-and-cell-fate-transition
#8
REVIEW
Lin Xu
Root organogenesis after tissue damage is a type of plant regeneration known as de novo root regeneration (DNRR). The DNRR process is widely exploited in agricultural technologies, such as cuttings for vegetative propagation. This review summarizes recent advances in our understanding of the cellular and molecular framework of DNRR, mainly focusing on rooting from Arabidopsis thaliana leaf explants. The framework comprises three successive phases, that is, early signaling, auxin accumulation, and cell fate transition, and involves two types of cells with different functions: the converter cell that converts the early signals as the input into auxin flux as the output; and the regeneration-competent cell that undergoes fate transition guided by auxin...
August 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794929/high-frequency-direct-shoot-organogenesis-of-leaf-explants-and-a-comparative-evaluation-of-phytochemicals-antioxidant-potential-of-wild-vs-in-vitro-plant-extracts-of-lysimachia-laxa
#9
Sanjoy Gupta, Tapan Seal, A A Mao, Soneswar Sarma
The present studies were attempted to develop direct shoot organogenesis from in vitro grown leaf explants of Lysimachia laxa and comparative evaluation of phytochemical and antioxidant potential of in vitro raised and wild plants extracts. The fresh leaves of this species are used for deworming gastrointestinal worm infection in traditional medicine. Overexploitation of this species and poor regeneration has led to rapid decline in wild population, therefore, present investigation was attempted to develop an efficient rapid mass propagation protocol for this species...
August 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755350/temporary-immersion-system-for-date-palm-micropropagation
#10
Ahmed Othmani, Chokri Bayoudh, Amel Sellemi, Noureddine Drira
The temporary immersion system (TIS) is being used with tremendous success for automation of micropropagation of many plant species. TIS usually consists of a culture vessel comprising two compartments, an upper one with the plant material and a lower one with the liquid culture medium and an automated air pump. The latter enables contact between all parts of the explants and the liquid medium by setting overpressure to the lower part of the container. These systems are providing the most satisfactory conditions for date palm regeneration via shoot organogenesis and allow a significant increase of multiplication rate (5...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755335/direct-organogenesis-and-indirect-somatic-embryogenesis-by-in-vitro-reversion-of-mature-female-floral-buds-to-a-vegetative-state
#11
Eman M M Zayed
This protocol describes in vitro plant regeneration from mature female inflorescence explants of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by reversion of floral state (reproductive phase) to the vegetative state. The mature female inflorescence (fully developed) is cultured on MS induction medium containing 10 mg/L 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 3 mg/L 2-isopentenyladenine (2iP), and 2 mg/L paclobutrazol (PBZ) or 2 mg/L abscisic acid (ABA). The basal part of the petals has meristematic cells, which can be induced to initiate callus or direct shoot formation depending on the plant growth regulator amendments...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755334/optimized-direct-organogenesis-from-shoot-tip-explants-of-date-palm
#12
Rehab Sidky
In vitro propagation is an available alternative to produce uniform and good-quality planting material to establish large-scale date palm cultivation in a short time. This study was carried out to achieve organogenesis and multiplication directly from shoot tips without callus formation, thus avoiding any possibility of undesirable genetic variability among the regenerated plants. The shoot tips explants are cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1 mg/L naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 1 mg/L naphthoxyacetic acid (NOA), 2...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755333/direct-organogenesis-from-immature-female-inflorescence-of-date-palm-by-gradual-reduction-of-2-4-d-concentration
#13
Ezz El-Din G Gadalla
Inflorescences represent an alternative explant source for superior date palm trees, especially those that do not produce offshoots. They provide large numbers of explants free of fungal and bacterial contamination for successful tissue culture initiation. Furthermore, they are characterized by the capacity of plant regeneration within a short time as compared to other explant types. This chapter focuses on the procedures employed for plant regeneration by direct organogenesis using immature female inflorescence explants, including initiation of adventitious buds, differentiation, multiplication, shoot elongation, rooting, and acclimatization...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755331/cultivar-dependent-direct-organogenesis-of-date-palm-from-shoot-tip-explants
#14
Larbi Abahmane
A number of public and private laboratories are working on date palm micropropagation to meet the increasing worldwide demand for date palm planting material. A standardized direct organogenesis protocol exists for the production of date palm plantlets to maintain the genetic fidelity of regenerated plants. Organogenesis has the advantage of using low concentrations of plant growth regulators and avoiding the callus phase. In addition, direct regeneration of vegetative buds minimizes the risk of somaclonal variation among plant regenerants...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747918/root-knot-and-cyst-nematodes-activate-procambium-associated-genes-in-arabidopsis-roots
#15
Yasuka L Yamaguchi, Reira Suzuki, Javier Cabrera, Satoru Nakagami, Tomomi Sagara, Chika Ejima, Ryosuke Sano, Yuichi Aoki, Rocio Olmo, Tetsuya Kurata, Takeshi Obayashi, Taku Demura, Takashi Ishida, Carolina Escobar, Shinichiro Sawa
Developmental plasticity is one of the most striking features of plant morphogenesis, as plants are able to vary their shapes in response to environmental cues. Biotic or abiotic stimuli often promote organogenesis events in plants not observed under normal growth conditions. Root-knot nematodes (RKNs) are known to parasitize multiple species of rooting plants and to induce characteristic tissue expansion called galls or root-knots on the roots of their hosts by perturbing the plant cellular machinery. Galls contain giant cells (GCs) and neighboring cells, and the GCs are a source of nutrients for the parasitizing nematode...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736573/a-rapid-and-efficient-in-vitro-regeneration-system-for-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-l
#16
Isabel Armas, Natalia Pogrebnyak, Ilya Raskin
BACKGROUND: Successful biotechnological improvement of crop plants requires a reliable and efficient in vitro regeneration system. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), one the most important vegetable crops worldwide, is strongly genotype-dependent in terms of regeneration capacity, limiting the potential for biotechnological improvement of cultivars which show recalcitrance under currently available protocols. The effect of different nutrient sources, plant hormone combinations and activated charcoal supplementation on shoot induction efficiency was evaluated on the cultivar 'RSL NFR', which had previously shown poor regeneration efficiency...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693796/regulatory-effects-of-berberine-on-micrornome-in-cancer-and-other-conditions
#17
REVIEW
Seyed Hasan Ayati, Badrieh Fazeli, Amir Abbas Momtazi-Borojeni, Arrigo F G Cicero, Matteo Pirro, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Berberine (BBR) is an isoquinoline alkaloid found in different plant families such as Berberidaceae, Ranunculaceae, and Papaveraceae. BBR is well-known for its anti-inflammatory, lipid-modifying, anticancer, anti-diabetic, antibacterial, antiparasitic and fungicide activities. Multiple pharmacological actions of BBR stem from different molecular targets of this phytochemical. MicroRNAs (miRs) are single-stranded, evolutionary conserved, small non-coding RNA molecules with a length of 19-23 nucleotides that are involved in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression through binding to the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of target mRNA...
August 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685479/neoteric-trends-in-tissue-culture-mediated-biotechnology-of-indian-ipecac-tylophora-indica-burm-f-merrill
#18
REVIEW
Saikat Gantait, Suprabuddha Kundu
Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merrill, an ethno-pharmacologically important perennial climber of Asclepiadaceae, is commonly known as Antamul or Indian ipecac. It is essentially accredited for its medicinal properties owing to its wide range of alkaloids in the form of bioactive secondary metabolites, such as tylophorine, tylophorinine, and tylophorinidine. Accelerated mass propagation of Tylophora is challenging because of its reduced seed germination frequency that consequently headed the pursuit for efficient protocols on in vitro propagation for the large-scale regeneration, conservation as well as sustainable supply of quality propagules...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667644/somatic-embryogenesis-in-guava-psidium-guajava-l-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Madhu Kamle, Kwang-Hyun Baek
Guava (Psidium guajava L.) is a highly perishable fruit crop comparable to mango owing to its high medicinal value and intense aroma. The presence of high genetic variability limits the chances of further expansion of guava improvement using biotechnological interventions. Conventional methods of guava improvement encountered with restricted achievement in progress of disease resistant varieties because of existing high genetic variability in the germplasm. There is a considerable demand for the establishment of successful and efficient regeneration protocols via somatic embryogenesis...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647832/genetic-dissection-of-adventitious-shoot-regeneration-in-roses-by-employing-genome-wide-association-studies
#20
Thi Hong Nhung Nguyen, Dietmar Schulz, Traud Winkelmann, Thomas Debener
We analysed the capacity to regenerate adventitious shoots in 96 rose genotypes and found 88 SNP markers associated with QTLs, some of which are derived from candidate genes for shoot regeneration. In an association panel of 96 rose genotypes previously analysed for petal colour, we conducted a genome-wide association study on the capacity of leaf petioles for direct shoot regeneration. Shoot regeneration rate and shoot ratio (number of shoots/total number of explants) were used as phenotypic descriptors for regeneration capacity...
June 24, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
keyword
keyword
49969
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"