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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817863/prevention-detection-and-management-of-diabetes-in-south-dakota
#1
Amy L Hogue, Mark K Huntington
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing in prevalence nationwide and in South Dakota, with an especially high prevalence in its American Indian population. Screening is not recommended for type 1 DM, but is for type 2 DM and pre-diabetes in certain populations. Fasting glucose, two-hour glucose tolerance test, or hemoglobin A1c are appropriate screening options. Treatment can include diabetic self-management education programs and medications. In addition to glycemic control, other cardiovascular risk factors must be reduced in these patients and specific testing and consultations should be performed to detect complications such as nephropathy or retinopathy...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817826/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-s1-temozolomide-regimen-in-patients-with-metastatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#2
Jiuda Zhao, Hong Zhao, Yihebali Chi
<br><br>Purpose Both capecitabine alone and capecitabine in combination with temozolomide have activities against neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). However, the role of S-1 in NETs is still unknown. We performed a study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the S-1 plus temozolomide (STEM) regimen in patients with locally advanced or metastatic NETs. Methods A retrospective review was conducted in 20 patients with locally advanced or metastatic NETs treated with the STEM regimen. Of the patients, 15 (75...
August 17, 2017: Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817755/measuring-toxic-effects-and-time-to-treatment-failure-for-nivolumab-plus-ipilimumab-in-melanoma
#3
Alexander N Shoushtari, Claire F Friedman, Pedram Navid-Azarbaijani, Michael A Postow, Margaret K Callahan, Parisa Momtaz, Katherine S Panageas, Jedd D Wolchok, Paul B Chapman
Importance: Nivolumab plus ipilimumab (nivo + ipi) is a standard treatment of advanced melanoma. Two randomized trials describe high objective response rates by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. The trials assessed toxic effects using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), which may underestimate incidence of clinically significant immune-related adverse events (AEs). Objective: To describe detailed toxic effects and time to treatment failure of patients with melanoma treated with nivo + ipi in a prospective cohort...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817446/bevacizumab-as-an-effective-treatment-for-radiation-necrosis-after-radiotherapy-for-melanoma-brain-metastases
#4
Isabella C Glitza, Nandita Guha-Thakurta, Neil M D'Souza, Rodabe N Amaria, Susan L McGovern, Ganesh Rao, Jing Li
Radiation necrosis (RN) is a potential late complication of radiotherapy for intracranial malignancy, which is often associated with significant neurological morbidity. Prolonged treatment with high-dose corticosteroids or surgical resection has been the standard care for RN, but protracted steroid use can lead to significant side effects and surgical resection is not always feasible. The antivascular endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibody bevacizumab induces clinical and radiographic improvements in RN, with overall good tolerance...
August 16, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817291/assembly-of-2-arylbenzothiazoles-through-three-component-oxidative-annulation-under-transition-metal-free-conditions
#5
Xingzong Che, Jingjing Jiang, Fuhong Xiao, Huawen Huang, Guo-Jun Deng
Highly efficient methods for the synthesis of 2-arylbenzothiazoles and 2-arylnaphtho[2,1-d]thiazoles have been developed. Readily available aromatic amines, benzaldehydes, and elemental sulfur were directly assembled through oxidative annulation and C-H functionalization under transition-metal-free conditions, where DMSO or oxygen served as the oxidant. NH4I or KI as the catalyst was found to be effective to promote the transformations to give the annulation products in good to excellent yields with wide functional group tolerance...
August 17, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817223/single-dose-euglycemic-clamp-studies-demonstrating-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-similarity-between-mk-1293-insulin-glargine-and-originator-insulin-glargine-lantus-in-type-1-diabetes-and-healthy-subjects
#6
Michael Crutchlow, John S Palcza, Kate M Mostoller, Chantal D Mahon, April M Barbour, Michael C Marcos, Yang Xu, Elaine Watkins, Linda Morrow, Marcus Hompesch
AIMS: MK-1293 is an insulin glargine that has an identical amino acid sequence to that of Lantus, the originator insulin glargine. Two euglycemic clamp studies, one in subjects with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and one in healthy subjects, were conducted to demonstrate pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) similarity between MK-1293 and Lantus commercially procured in both the European Union (EU-Lantus) and United States (US-Lantus). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both studies were single-dose, randomized, double-blind, single-center, crossover studies with ≥7 days between dosing periods...
August 17, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817190/a-phase-1-and-2-study-of-filanesib-alone-and-in-combination-with-low-dose-dexamethasone-in-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma
#7
Jatin J Shah, Jonathan L Kaufman, Jeffrey A Zonder, Adam D Cohen, William I Bensinger, Brandi W Hilder, Selena A Rush, Duncan H Walker, Brian J Tunquist, Kevin S Litwiler, Mieke Ptaszynski, Robert Z Orlowski, Sagar Lonial
BACKGROUND: Filanesib (ARRY-520) is a highly selective inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein, which has demonstrated preclinical antimyeloma activity. METHODS: This open-label Phase 1/2 study determined the maximum tolerated dose of Filanesib administered on Days 1 and 2 of 14-Day Cycles in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and included expansion cohorts with and without dexamethasone (40 mg/week). Patients in the dose-escalation (N = 31) and Phase 2 single-agent (N = 32) cohorts had received prior bortezomib as well as prior thalidomide and/or lenalidomide...
August 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816955/serum-hbeag-and-hbv-dna-levels-are-not-always-proportional-and-only-high-levels-of-hbeag-most-likely-correlate-with-high-levels-of-hbv-dna-a-community-based-study
#8
Ping Chen, Qinfen Xie, Xuan Lu, Chengbo Yu, Kaijin Xu, Bing Ruan, Hongcui Cao, Hainv Gao, Lanjuan Li
This study aimed to investigate the correlation between quantitative hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels, and to determine whether semiquantitative measurement of HBeAg can indicate the extent of HBV replication in HBeAg-positive subjects in the immune tolerant phase.A cross-sectional, community-based survey was carried out in 12 communities of 2 counties in Zhejiang Province, China. A panel of 788 HBeAg-positive subjects was divided into 4 groups according to HBV DNA level...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816406/phosphinous-acid-assisted-hydration-of-nitriles-understanding-the-controversial-reactivity-of-osmium-and-ruthenium-catalysts
#9
Rebeca González-Fernández, Pascale Crochet, Victorio Cadierno, M Isabel Menéndez, Ramón López
The synthesis and catalytic behaviour of the osmium(II) complexes [OsCl2(6-p-cymene)(PR2OH)] [R = Me (2a), Ph (2b), OMe (2c), OPh (2d)] in nitrile hydration reactions is presented. Among them, the best catalytic results were obtained with the phosphinous acid derivative [OsCl2(6-p-cymene)(PMe2OH)] (2a), which selectively provided the desired primary amides in excellent yields and short times at 80 ºC, employing directly water as solvent, and without the assistance of any basic additive (TOF values up to 200 h-1)...
August 17, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816313/2-4-diamino-1-3-5-triazine-enabled-cu-catalyzed-direct-sulfonamidation-of-aromatic-c-h-bonds
#10
Chan Song, Tao Wang, TingTing Yu, Dong-Mei Cui, Chen Zhang
An efficient copper acetate catalyzed sulfonamidation of arenes via C-H bond activation directed by a 2,4-diamino-1,3,5-triazine chelating group under oxygen as a terminal oxidant has been developed. The reaction shows good regioselectivity and functional group tolerance, as well as providing a straightforward methodology for the preparation of ortho-monosulfonamidated arene derivatives in moderate to high yields. The sulfonamidation at the gram scale can be performed with a good yield.
August 17, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816170/role-of-consolidative-radiation-therapy-after-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-relapsed-or-refractory-hodgkin-lymphoma
#11
Christopher Wilke, Qing Cao, Kathryn E Dusenbery, Veronika Bachanova, Aleksandr Lazaryan, Chung K Lee, Jianling Yuan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of the addition of consolidative radiation therapy after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) for relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Medical records were reviewed from a total of 80 consecutive patients who underwent high-dose chemotherapy with AHCT treated under a single protocol at University of Minnesota between November 2005 and January 2014. Of these, 32 patients received radiation therapy after AHCT as planned consolidation...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816046/rhodium-iii-catalyzed-c-h-activation-of-nitrones-and-annulative-coupling-with-nitroalkenes
#12
Dachang Bai, Qingqian Jia, Teng Xu, Qiuqiu Zhang, Fen Wu, Chaorui Ma, Bingxian Liu, Junbiao Chang, Xingwei Li
Rh(III)-catalyzed synthesis of nitro-functionalized indenes has been realized via C-H activation of arylnitrones and annulation with nitroolefins. The reaction proceeded in moderate to high yields with good functional group tolerance under ambient atmosphere.
August 17, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815929/aggregation-of-population-based-genetic-variation-over-protein-domain-homologues-and-its-potential-use-in-genetic-diagnostics
#13
Laurens Wiel, Hanka Venselaar, Joris A Veltman, Gerrit Vriend, Christian Gilissen
Whole exomes of patients with a genetic disorder are nowadays routinely sequenced but interpretation of the identified genetic variants remains a major challenge. The increased availability of population-based human genetic variation has given rise to measures of genetic tolerance that have been used, for example, to predict disease-causing genes in neurodevelopmental disorders. Here, we investigated whether combining variant information from homologous protein domains can improve variant interpretation. For this purpose, we developed a framework that maps population variation and known pathogenic mutations onto 2,750 "meta-domains"...
August 16, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815919/graphene-oxide-as-a-carbocatalyst-for-diels-alder-reaction-in-aqueous-media
#14
Yarabhally R Girish, Subrata Pandit, Subhendu Pandit, Mrinmoy De
The [4+2] Cycloaddition reaction, known as Diels-Alder reaction, has a great importance in synthetic organic chemistry and frequently used in synthesis of natural products containing six-membered ring. Herein, we have reported an efficient protocol for Diels-Alder reaction between 9-hydroxymethylanthracene and N-substituted maleimides using two dimensional graphene oxide (GO) as a heterogeneous carbocatalyst in an aqueous medium at room temperature. High yield, wide substrate scope, low temperature, exceptional functional group tolerance, atom-economical, and water as a green solvent are the noteworthy features of this protocol...
August 16, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815880/immunogenicity-efficacy-and-safety-of-nuwiq-%C3%A2-human-cl-rhfviii-in-previously-untreated-patients-with-severe-haemophilia-a-interim-results-from-the-nuprotect-study
#15
R J Liesner, M Abashidze, O Aleinikova, C Altisent, M J Belletrutti, A Borel-Derlon, M Carcao, H Chambost, A K C Chan, L Dubey, J Ducore, N A Fouzia, M Gattens, Y Gruel, B Guillet, N Kavardakova, M El Khorassani, A Klukowska, T Lambert, S Lohade, M Sigaud, V Turea, J K M Wu, V Vdovin, A Pavlova, M Jansen, L Belyanskaya, O Walter, S Knaub, E J Neufeld
INTRODUCTION: Nuwiq(®) (Human-cl rhFVIII) is a fourth generation recombinant FVIII, produced in a human cell line, without chemical modification or protein fusion. No inhibitors developed in studies with Nuwiq(®) in 201 previously treated patients with haemophilia A (HA). The immunogenicity, efficacy and safety of Nuwiq(®) in previously untreated patients (PUPs) with severe HA are being assessed in the ongoing NuProtect study. METHODS: The study, conducted across 38 centres worldwide, is evaluating 110 true PUPs of all ages and ethnicities enrolled for study up to 100 exposure days (EDs) or 5 years maximum...
August 16, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815397/detecting-and-accounting-for-multiple-sources-of-positional-variance-in-peak-list-registration-analysis-and-spin-system-grouping
#16
Andrey Smelter, Eric C Rouchka, Hunter N B Moseley
Peak lists derived from nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra are commonly used as input data for a variety of computer assisted and automated analyses. These include automated protein resonance assignment and protein structure calculation software tools. Prior to these analyses, peak lists must be aligned to each other and sets of related peaks must be grouped based on common chemical shift dimensions. Even when programs can perform peak grouping, they require the user to provide uniform match tolerances or use default values...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular NMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815368/proteomics-analysis-identified-a-drt-protein-involved-in-arsenic-resistance-in-populus
#17
Yanli Liu, Rebecca Njeri Damaris, Pingfang Yang
A DRT protein was identified and proved to be involved in the poplar arsenic resistance through comparative proteomics analysis between arsenic sensitive and resistant cultivars. Arsenic pollution in soil has been a serious problem all over the world. It is very important to dissect plants arsenic stress-response mechanisms in phytoremediation. In this study, arsenate-tolerant Populus deltoides cv. 'zhonglin 2025' and arsenate-sensitive Populus × euramericana cv. 'I-45/51' were screened from 10 poplar varieties...
August 16, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815216/epistatic-interactions-within-the-influenza-a-virus-polymerase-complex-mediate-mutagen-resistance-and-replication-fidelity
#18
Matthew D Pauly, Daniel M Lyons, William J Fitzsimmons, Adam S Lauring
Lethal mutagenesis is a broad-spectrum antiviral strategy that employs mutagenic nucleoside analogs to exploit the high mutation rate and low mutational tolerance of many RNA viruses. Studies of mutagen-resistant viruses have identified determinants of replicative fidelity and the importance of mutation rate to viral population dynamics. We have previously demonstrated the effective lethal mutagenesis of influenza A virus using three nucleoside analogs as well as the virus's high genetic barrier to mutagen resistance...
July 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814835/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-two-different-formulations-of-atorvastatin-in-korean-patients-with-hypercholesterolemia-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Ju-Hee Lee, Sang-Hyun Kim, Dong-Ju Choi, Seung-Jea Tahk, Jung-Han Yoon, Si Wan Choi, Taek-Jong Hong, Hyo-Soo Kim
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of the generic formulation (Atorva(®)) and the reference formulation (Lipitor(®)) of atorvastatin, both at a dosage of 20 mg once daily. METHODS: This study was a prospective open-label, randomized controlled study. Hypercholesterolemic patients who had not achieved low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol goals according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) guideline were randomized to generic formulation or reference formulation of atorvastatin...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814660/sustained-immune-tolerance-induction-in-enzyme-replacement-therapy-treated-crim-negative-patients-with-infantile-pompe-disease
#20
Zoheb B Kazi, Ankit K Desai, Kathryn L Berrier, R Bradley Troxler, Raymond Y Wang, Omar A Abdul-Rahman, Pranoot Tanpaiboon, Nancy J Mendelsohn, Eli Herskovitz, David Kronn, Michal Inbar-Feigenberg, Catherine Ward-Melver, Michelle Polan, Punita Gupta, Amy S Rosenberg, Priya S Kishnani
BACKGROUND: Cross-reactive immunological material-negative (CRIM-negative) infantile Pompe disease (IPD) patients develop an immune response against enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with alglucosidase alfa that nullifies ERT efficacy. Prophylactic immune tolerance induction (ITI) with rituximab, methotrexate, and IVIG successfully prevents development of deleterious rhGAA IgG antibodies; however, safety, likelihood of success, and long-term efficacy of ITI in a larger cohort remain unknown...
August 17, 2017: JCI Insight
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