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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719912/crocin-protects-podocytes-against-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-induced-by-high-glucose-through-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#1
Sutong Li, Xiaoxia Liu, Jie Lei, Junle Yang, Puxun Tian, Yi Gao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a microangiopathic disease characterized by excessive urinary albumin excretion, which occurs in 30% of patients with diabetes mellitus. It is the second leading cause of end-stage renal diseases in China. Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) is reported to be closely correlated with the inflammation underlying diabetes-associated renal damage. Crocin, a plant-derived compound, has antioxidant properties that may inhibit NF-κB. METHODS: In the present study, we used a conditionally immortalized mouse podocyte cell line to explore whether crocin could effectively block albuminuria...
July 18, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714518/regulation-of-tubular-recycling-endosome-biogenesis-by-the-p53-micall1-pathway
#2
Yukie Takahashi, Chizu Tanikawa, Takafumi Miyamoto, Makoto Hirata, Guanxiong Wang, Koji Ueda, Tsunehiko Komatsu, Koichi Matsuda
p53, one of the most frequently mutated genes in colon cancer, suppresses cancer development through transactivation of its targets. Herein, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of the p53 downstream pathway in colorectal cancer by using multi-omics analysis. Mass spectrometric analysis of HCT116 p53+/+ and HCT116 p53-/- cells treated with adriamycin identified 124 proteins increased by DNA damage in a p53-dependent manner. Further screening using a cDNA microarray and the TCGA database revealed MICALL1 as a novel p53 target, and we identified functional p53 binding motifs located approximately 3000 base pairs upstream of the MICALL1 gene...
August 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709640/genome-wide-identification-of-genes-essential-for-podocyte-cytoskeletons-based-on-single-cell-rna%C3%A2-sequencing
#3
Yuqiu Lu, Yuting Ye, Wenduona Bao, Qianqian Yang, Jinquan Wang, Zhihong Liu, Shaolin Shi
Gene expression differs substantially among individual cells of the same type. We speculate that genes that are expressed in all but a portion of cells of a given cell type would be likely essential and required for either the cell survival (housekeeping) or for the cell type's unique structure and function, enabling the organism to survive. Here, we performed RNA-seq of 20 mouse podocytes using the Fluidigm C1 system and identified 335 genes that were expressed in all of them. Among them, 239 genes were also expressed in mesangial and endothelial cells and were involved in energy metabolism, protein synthesis, etc...
July 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650998/functional-annotation-of-alzheimer-s-disease-associated-loci-revealed-by-gwass
#4
Zengpeng Han, Han Huang, Yue Gao, Qingyang Huang
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) discovered a number of SNPs and genes associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, how these SNPs and genes influence the liability to AD is not fully understood. We deployed computational approaches to explore the function and action mechanisms of AD -related SNPs and genes identified by GWASs, including the effects of 195 GWAS lead SNPs and 338 proxy SNPs on miRNAs binding and protein phosphorylation, their RegulomeDB and 3DSNP scores, and gene ontology, pathway enrichment and protein-protein interaction network of 126 AD-associated genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608180/montelukast-improves-the-changes-of-cytoskeletal-and-adaptor-proteins-of-human-podocytes-by-interleukin-13
#5
Tae-Sun Ha, Ja Ae Nam, Su-Bin Seong, Moin A Saleem, Se Jin Park, Jae Il Shin
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Interleukin-13 (IL-13) has recently been reported to be a potential cytokine in the pathogenesis of minimal-change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS). However, the mechanistic insights associated with podocyte dysfunction mediated by IL-13-induced changes in various slit diaphragm (SD) and cytoskeletal molecules have not yet been shown in cultured human podocytes in vitro. MATERIALS: Human conditionally immortalized podocytes were used. TREATMENT: Podocytes were incubated with various concentrations of IL-13 during the indicated time periods (6, 12, and 24 h) and montelukast was administered with the dose of 0...
September 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535972/the-first-report-of-cd2-associated-protein-gene-in-a-teleost-rock-bream-oplegnathus-fasciatus-an-investigation-of-the-immune-response-upon-infection-with-several-pathogens
#6
Dong-Hee Cho, Jin-Sol Bae, Ji-Min Jeong, Hyun-Ja Han, Deok Chan Lee, Mi Young Cho, Sung Hee Jung, Do-Hyung Kim, Chan-Il Park
CD2 is expressed on the surfaces of virtually all T cells and natural killer (NK) cells. In mammals, the CD2 molecule is 50 kDa. The cytoplasmic tail of CD2 interacts with CD2-associated protein (CD2AP), which plays an important role in mediating the trigger signal in outer magnetic pole cells. In this study, we identified CD2AP from rock bream and investigated its gene expression. The ORF of CD2AP (1950 bp) encodes 650 amino acids (aa). CD2AP has a Src homology 3 (SH3) domain. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that CD2AP shows higher expression in the gills and skin...
August 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528353/adrenomedullin-ameliorates-podocyte-injury-induced-by-puromycin-aminonucleoside-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-through-modulation-of-rho-gtpases
#7
Nan Dong, Lixia Meng, Ruqun Xue, Meng Yu, Zhonghua Zhao, Xueguang Liu
PURPOSE: Podocyte injury is a key event in proteinuric kidney disease and eventually glomerular scarring. While adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilatory peptide, has been reported to confer renoprotection in several experimental models of kidney diseases, its effect on injured podocytes and the related mechanism is still largely unknown. METHODS: Employing Western blotting analysis, immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence, we investigated the effects of AM on the expressions of podocyte cytoskeletal proteins and Rho-family small GTPases (Rho GTPases) in puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN)-induced podocyte injury, both in cultured podocytes and in PAN nephrosis rats...
August 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484055/endothelial-cd2ap-binds-the-receptor-icam-1-to-control-mechanosignaling-leukocyte-adhesion-and-the-route-of-leukocyte-diapedesis-in-vitro
#8
Antje Schaefer, Trynette J van Duijn, Jisca Majolee, Keith Burridge, Peter L Hordijk
Inflammation is driven by excessive transmigration (diapedesis) of leukocytes from the blood to the tissue across the endothelial cell monolayer that lines blood vessels. Leukocyte adhesion, crawling, and transmigration are regulated by clustering of the endothelial mechanosensitive receptor intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Whereas several proteins are known to promote ICAM-1 function, the molecular mechanisms that limit ICAM-1-mediated adhesion to prevent excessive leukocyte transmigration remain unknown...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392172/decreased-gene-expression-of-cd2ap-in-chinese-patients-with-sporadic-alzheimer-s-disease
#9
Qing-Qing Tao, Zhi-Jun Liu, Yi-Min Sun, Hong-Lei Li, Ping Yang, De-Shan Liu, Bin Jiang, Xiao-Yan Li, Jian-Feng Xu, Zhi-Ying Wu
Many sporadic Alzheimer's disease (SAD) risk genes have been identified in the last decades, but most of them have not been consistently accepted. Here, we sought to identify SAD-associated genes and their potential mechanisms involved in SAD pathogenesis. A 2-stage design was employed. In stage 1, 95 variants in 75 genes that were previously reported as SAD-risk genes in Caucasian populations were evaluated in 1857 subjects (422 SAD patients and 1435 controls). In stage 2, a subset of promising variants found in stage 1 were further evaluated in an independent cohort of 1001 subjects (254 SAD and 747 controls)...
March 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228401/wolf-hirschhorn-syndrome-candidate-1-like-1-epigenetically-regulates-nephrin-gene-expression
#10
Yugo Ito, Kan Katayama, Yukino Nishibori, Yoshihiro Akimoto, Akihiko Kudo, Ryota Kurayama, Ichiro Hada, Shohei Takahashi, Toru Kimura, Toshiyuki Fukutomi, Tomohisa Katada, Junichi Suehiro, Olga Beltcheva, Karl Tryggvason, Kunimasa Yan
Altered expression of nephrin underlies the pathophysiology of proteinuria in both congenital and acquired nephrotic syndrome. However, the epigenetic mechanisms of nephrin gene regulation remain elusive. Here, we show that Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate 1-like 1 long form (WHSC1L1-L) is a novel epigenetic modifier of nephrin gene regulation. WHSC1L1-L was associated with histone H3K4 and H3K36 in human embryonic kidney cells. WHSC1L1-L gene was expressed in the podocytes and functional protein product was detected in these cells...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218578/bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-ameliorate-nephrosis-through-repair-of-impaired-podocytes
#11
Yi Chen, Jun Chen, Jianxin Wan, Na Gao, Jiong Cui, Danyu You, Zhenhuan Zou
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) on podocytes of puromycin amino nuclear glucoside (PAN) -induced nephrosis in mice. METHODS: Mice were randomly divided into Control, PAN and BMSC groups. Mice were injected with PAN (0.5 mg/g weight) via the tail vein. The 24-h urinary protein was obtained after modelling, and urinary protein excretion was determined. The blood and kidney specimens were isolated after the tenth day of modelling...
February 19, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199971/association-and-interaction-effects-of-alzheimer-s-disease-associated-genes-and-lifestyle-on-cognitive-aging-in-older-adults-in-a-taiwanese-population
#12
Eugene Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Yu-Li Liu, Albert C Yang, Chung-Feng Kao
Genome-wide association studies and meta-analyses implicated that increased risk of developing Alzheimer's diseases (AD) has been associated with the ABCA7, APOE, BIN1, CASS4, CD2AP, CD33, CELF1, CLU, CR1, DSG2, EPHA1, FERMT2, HLA-DRB1, HLA-DRB4, INPP5D, MEF2C, MS4A4A, MS4A4E, MS4A6E, NME8, PICALM, PLD3, PTK2B, RIN3, SLC24A4, SORL1, and ZCWPW1 genes. In this study, we assessed whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within these 27 AD-associatedgenes are linked with cognitive aging independently and/or through complex interactions in an older Taiwanese population...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163747/tangzhiqing-granules-alleviate-podocyte-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-kidney-of-diabetic-rats
#13
Haiyan Xu, Xu Wang, Mingming Liu, Xueyuan He
This study discussed the effect of Tangzhiqing granules on podocyte epithelial-mesenchymal transition in kidney of diabetic rats. The diabetic rats were divided randomly into five groups: DM group treated with vehicle, Tangzhiqing granules low-dose treatment group, Tangzhiqing granules middle-dose treatment group, and Tangzhiqing granules high-dose treatment group. Eight Wistar rats used as control group were given saline solution. The intervention was all intragastric administration for 8 weeks. At the end of the 8 weeks, biochemical parameters and kidney weight/body weight ratio were measured...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123638/nicousamide-protects-kidney-podocyte-by-inhibiting-the-tgf%C3%AE-receptor-ii-phosphorylation-and-age-rage-signaling
#14
Sen Zhang, Dongjie Wang, Nina Xue, Fangfang Lai, Ming Ji, Jing Jin, Xiaoguang Chen
Nicousamide, a clinical phase II renal protective new drug, has been demonstrated to have renal protective effect on diabetic nephropathy (DN) by experimental animal model. Its known molecular mechanisms include AGE formation blocking and moderately decreasing the blood pressure. Nicousamide shows potential on attenuating albuminuria, thereby suggests it might have protective effect on podocytes. The aim of present study was to investigate whether nicousamide could protect integrity of podocytes, and further its protection mechanisms...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993940/bin1-and-cd2ap-polarize-a%C3%AE-generation-in-neurons
#15
Ragna Sannerud, Wim Annaert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895104/bin1-and-cd2ap-polarise-the-endocytic-generation-of-beta-amyloid
#16
Florent Ubelmann, Tatiana Burrinha, Laura Salavessa, Ricardo Gomes, Cláudio Ferreira, Nuno Moreno, Cláudia Guimas Almeida
The mechanisms driving pathological beta-amyloid (Aβ) generation in late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) are unclear. Two late-onset AD risk factors, Bin1 and CD2AP, are regulators of endocytic trafficking, but it is unclear how their endocytic function regulates Aβ generation in neurons. We identify a novel neuron-specific polarisation of Aβ generation controlled by Bin1 and CD2AP We discover that Bin1 and CD2AP control Aβ generation in axonal and dendritic early endosomes, respectively. Both Bin1 loss of function and CD2AP loss of function raise Aβ generation by increasing APP and BACE1 convergence in early endosomes, however via distinct sorting events...
January 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883225/computational-screening-and-exploration-of-disease-associated-genes-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Salma Jamal, Sukriti Goyal, Asheesh Shanker, Abhinav Grover
Alzheimer's is a neurodegenerative disease affecting large populations worldwide characterized mainly by progressive loss of memory along with various other symptoms. The foremost cause of the disease is still unclear, however various mechanisms have been proposed to cause the disease that include amyloid hypothesis, tau hypothesis, and cholinergic hypothesis in addition to genetic factors. Various genes have been known to be involved which are APOE, PSEN1, PSEN2, and APP among others. In the present study, we have used computational methods to examine the pathogenic effects of non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with ABCA7, CR1, MS4A6A, CD2AP, PSEN1, PSEN2, and APP genes...
June 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849641/genetic-comparison-of-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-persons-with-alzheimer-disease-neuropathology
#18
Sarah E Monsell, Charles Mock, David W Fardo, Sarah Bertelsen, Nigel J Cairns, Catherine M Roe, Sally R Ellingson, John C Morris, Alison M Goate, Walter A Kukull
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether symptomatic and asymptomatic persons with Alzheimer's disease (AD) neuropathology have different allele counts for single-nucleotide polymorphisms that have been associated with clinical late-onset AD. METHODS: Data came from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center Uniform Data Set and Neuropathology Data Set, and the Alzheimer's Disease Genetics Consortium (ADGC). Participants had low to high AD neuropathologic change...
November 15, 2016: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765817/adaptor-protein-cd2ap-and-l-type-lectin-lman2-regulate-exosome-cargo-protein-trafficking-through-the-golgi-complex
#19
Sang-Ho Kwon, Sekyung Oh, Marisa Nacke, Keith E Mostov, Joshua H Lipschutz
Exosomes, 40-150-nm extracellular vesicles, transport biological macromolecules that mediate intercellular communications. Although exosomes are known to originate from maturation of endosomes into multivesicular endosomes (also known as multivesicular bodies) with subsequent fusion of the multivesicular endosomes with the plasma membrane, it remains unclear how cargos are selected for exosomal release. Using an inducible expression system for the exosome cargo protein GPRC5B and following its trafficking trajectory, we show here that newly synthesized GPRC5B protein accumulates in the Golgi complex prior to its release into exosomes...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590856/cd2-associated-protein-phosphoinositide-3-kinase-signaling-has-a-preventive-role-in-angiotensin-ii-induced-podocyte-apoptosis
#20
Hye-Young Park, Su-Bin Seong, Seo-Yun Min, Tae-Sun Ha
Angiotensin II (Ang II) works as a paracrine or autocrine cytokine agent to regulate renal functions and promotes podocytes dysfunction directly or indirectly, causing proteinuria. The glomerular slit diaphragm (SD) serves as a size-selective barrier and is linked to the actin-based cytoskeleton by adaptor proteins, including CD2-associated protein (CD2AP). Therefore, damages to CD2AP affect not only the function of the SD, but also directly disrupt the podocyte cytoskeleton, leading to proteinuria. In addition, CD2AP can facilitate the nephrin-induced phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K)/Akt signaling, which protects podocytes from apoptosis...
October 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
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