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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731924/the-spectrum-of-histopathological-changes-in-the-renal-allograft-a-12-months-protocol-biopsy-study
#1
Galina Severova-Andreevska, Ladislava Grcevska, Gordana Petrushevska, Koco Cakalaroski, Aleksandar Sikole, Olivera Stojceva-Taneva, Ilina Danilovska, Ninoslav Ivanovski
INTRODUCTION: Renal transplantation became a routine and successful medical treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease in the last 30 years all over the world. Introduction of Luminex based Single Antigen Beads (SAB) and recent BANFF consensus of histopathological phenotypes of different forms of rejection enables more precise diagnosis and changes the therapeutic approach. The graft biopsies, protocol or cause, indicated, remain a golden diagnostic tool for clinical follow up of kidney transplant recipients (KTR)...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727356/pa-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-a-pilot-survey
#2
Denise Rizzolo, Rachel Krackov
Limited research exists on PAs and use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound. This pilot survey sought to determine current views on and use of POC ultrasound in a small group of PAs. METHODS: The authors developed an anonymous voluntary survey on PA views and use of POC ultrasound. The survey was entered into Qualtrics and e-mailed three times. RESULTS: Nearly 27% of the subjects use ultrasound with 62% feeling confident in their ability to use ultrasound. The top reason for not using ultrasound was lack of access to a machine (50%)...
May 3, 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724428/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-first-trimester-vaginal-bleeding
#3
Douglas L Brown, Ann Packard, Katherine E Maturen, Sandeep Prakash Deshmukh, Kika M Dudiak, Tara L Henrichsen, Benjamin J Meyer, Liina Poder, Elizabeth A Sadowski, Thomas D Shipp, Lynn Simpson, Therese M Weber, Carolyn M Zelop, Phyllis Glanc
Vaginal bleeding is not uncommon in the first trimester of pregnancy. The majority of such patients will have a normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP), a nonviable IUP, or an ectopic pregnancy. Ultrasound (US) is the primary imaging modality in evaluation of these patients. US, along with clinical observations and serum human chorionic gonadotropin levels, can usually distinguish these causes. Although it is important to diagnose ectopic pregnancies and nonviable IUPs, one should also guard against injury to normal pregnancies due to inappropriate treatment with methotrexate or surgical intervention...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691067/point-of-care-ultrasound-identifies-urinoma-complicating-simple-renal-colic-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#4
Christopher Thom, Matthew Eisenstat, James Moak
BACKGROUND: Renal colic is a frequently encountered diagnosis among emergency department patients. Point-of-care (POC) ultrasound has taken on an increasingly important role in the diagnostic strategy of this disease, as it has been shown to be an effective modality for diagnosis and for guiding management. The primary pathology that the emergency physician will evaluate for in cases of suspected renal colic is hydronephrosis, which is a dilatation of the renal pelvis and calyces resulting from a distal obstruction such as a ureteral stone...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672838/efficacy-feasibility-and-patient-acceptability-of-ultrasound-guided-manual-vacuum-aspiration-for-treating-early-pregnancy-loss
#5
Jacqueline Pui Wah Chung, Cathy Hoi Sze Chung, Jennifer Sze Man Mak, Tin Chiu Li, Grace Wing Shan Kong
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided manual vacuum aspiration (USG-MVA) is an effective but underutilised alternative to medical or surgical evacuation of the uterus following first trimester miscarriage. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy, feasibility and patient acceptability of USG-MVA for treating early pregnancy loss. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We invited patients with early pregnancy losses to participate in this prospective cohort study. We reviewed the medical records of the participants and their visual analogue pain score during MVA...
April 19, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657689/successful-management-of-abdominal-pregnancy-two-case-reports
#6
Shabnam Saquib, Wafa Elhussein Mohammed Talha
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare, life-threatening condition defined as pregnancy in the peritoneal cavity exclusive of tubal, ovarian, or intraligamentary locations. It can be primarily located in the peritoneal cavity or secondary to a ruptured ectopic pregnancy or tubal abortion. We present two cases of abdominal pregnancy, one primary and another secondary, both diagnosed and successfully managed in our institution. The first patient, a para 2 at 14 weeks gestation, presented with abdominal pain, distension, and dizziness, which had started four days prior...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589452/-prediction-of-bowel-damage-in-patients-with-gastroschisis
#7
B Frýbová, A Kokešová, R Vlk, M Rygl
INTRODUCTION: Gastroschisis is the most common malformation among abdominal wall defects with the incidence of 1:45000 live birth neonates. Postoperative care for these patients is very difficult due to the risk of abdominal compartment syndrome. The identification of markers that correlate with bowel damage in gastroschisis may prevent this serious postoperative complication. METHODS: Review of the literature. CONCLUSION: Prenatal ultrasound prediction of bowel damage followed by an appropriate surgical strategy is a possibility of optimizing care and outcomes in gastroschisis patients...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549455/evaluation-of-retained-products-of-conception-using-pulsed-continuous-arterial-spin-labeling-mri-clinical-feasibility-and-initial-results
#8
Nobuyuki Kosaka, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Tetsuji Kurokawa, Tsuyoshi Matsuda, Masayuki Kanamoto, Naoyuki Takei, Kenji Takata, Jin Takahashi, Yoshio Yoshida, Hirohiko Kimura
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the vascularity of retained products of conception (RPOC) using arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance imaging (ASL-MRI) to clarify the clinical feasibility of this approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pulsed-continuous ASL sequence with echo-planar imaging (EPI) acquisitions was used. Ten consecutive patients with RPOC were enrolled. All ASL images were evaluated visually and semiquantitatively and compared with the findings of Doppler ultrasound (US) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI)...
March 16, 2018: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525517/retained-products-of-conception-what-is-the-risk-for-recurrence-on-subsequent-pregnancies
#9
Noam Smorgick, Avital Mittler, Ido Ben-Ami, Ron Maymon, Zvi Vaknin, Moty Pansky
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether women who were surgically treated for retained products of conception (RPOC) by either suction curettage or hysteroscopy are at risk for recurrent RPOC on their subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 442 women surgically treated for RPOC following delivery or abortion by suction curettage (N = 63, 14.3%) or hysteroscopy (N = 379, 85.7%). Information on subsequent pregnancies and their outcomes was available for 161 (36...
May 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409085/-point-of-care-sonography-in-emergency-and-intensive-care-medicine
#10
Caroline Busche, Hans-Jörg Busch, Guido Michels
The use of Point-of-care ultrasonography (POC Ultrasonography) is getting more and more important in the bedside care of patients, especially in emergency- and intensive care units. In addition to the focused sonography of the heart, lungs and abdomen, the POC Ultrasonography recently includes also cases in prehospital care. Increasingly special applications in intensive care, e.g. the assessment of weaning from mechanical ventilation or evaluation of the hemodynamics of a patient by means of sonographic control, gain meaning...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398178/relationships-between-clinical-processes-and-arteriovenous-fistula-cannulation-and-maturation-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Michael Allon, Peter B Imrey, Alfred K Cheung, Milena Radeva, Charles E Alpers, Gerald J Beck, Laura M Dember, Alik Farber, Tom Greene, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Thomas S Huber, James S Kaufman, John W Kusek, Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, Michelle L Robbin, Miguel A Vazquez, Harold I Feldman
BACKGROUND: Half of surgically created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) require additional intervention to effectively support hemodialysis. Postoperative care and complications may affect clinical maturation. STUDY DESIGN: Hemodialysis Fistula Maturation (HFM) Study, a 7-center prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 491 patients with single-stage AVFs who had neither thrombosis nor AVF intervention before a 6-week postoperative ultrasonographic examination and who required maintenance hemodialysis...
May 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340458/morbidity-of-schistosomiasis-mansoni-in-a-low-endemic-setting-in-ouro-preto-minas-gerais-brazil
#12
Carolina Coimbra Marinho, André Caldeira Grobério, Christiane Torres Felício da Silva, Thaysa Lorranne Fernandes de Lima, Rosiane Cristina Dos Santos, Lúcia Gomes de Araújo, Vivian Walter Dos Reis, George Luiz Lins Machado-Coelho
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advances of disease control programs, severe forms of schistosomiasis are prevalent. The prevalence of the disease in areas frequented by tourists urges for permanent prevention and control. The aim of this study was to describe the morbidity of schistosomiasis in the district of Antônio Pereira, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: The proportion of positives was defined by Kato-Katz coproscopy and urinary POC-CCA rapid test. Hepatosplenic form was diagnosed using abdominal ultrasound...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298917/point-of-care-ultrasound-a-trend-in-health-care
#13
Anita M Buerger, Kevin R Clark
PURPOSE: To discuss the current and growing use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound in the management and care of patients. METHODS: Several electronic research databases were searched to find articles that emphasized the use of POC ultrasound by health care providers who manage and treat critically ill or injured patients. Thirty-five relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were selected for this literature review. RESULTS: Common themes identified in the literature included the use of POC ultrasound in emergency medicine, military medicine, and remote care; comparison of POC ultrasound to other medical imaging modalities; investigation of the education and training required for nonimaging health care professionals who perform POC ultrasound in their practices; and discussion of the financial implications and limitations of POC ultrasound...
November 2017: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210910/five-easy-to-master-uses-for-point-of-care-ultrasound
#14
Fritz Fuller, Francisco Norman
Clinicians are increasingly becoming familiar with the value of limited, focused point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) to help answer discrete clinical questions. Ultrasound education is being taught in medical schools and physician assistant (PA) and PA postgraduate programs nationwide. This article introduces five basic POC ultrasound scans that can easily be mastered by practicing PAs.
December 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196364/lesson-of-the-month-2-use-of-thrombolysis-for-ischaemic-stroke-in-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Asim Khan, Paris Hosseini, Branimir Nevajda, Sami Khan
A nine-week pregnant 33-year-old female presented with sudden-onset right-sided hemiparesis, hemisensory loss, dysarthria and homonymous hemianopia. She was known to have eleven previous miscarriages and used recreational drugs. A CT-head was unremarkable. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with an acute thromboembolic infarct and chose alteplase after counselling. During thrombolysis an ultrasound identified a foetus with no concerning features.  A post-thrombolysis CT revealed a left-sided posterior cerebral infarct...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172843/intra-articular-corticosteroid-injections-in-haemophilic-arthropathy-are-they-recommended
#16
REVIEW
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Intra-articular (IA) corticosteroid (CS) injections are commonly used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. However, they are rarely utilized in haemophilic arthropathy. In fact, the efficacy of this method in haemophilic arthropathy is frequently discussed and debated in clinical practice. AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of IA CS injections in patients with painful haemophilic arthropathy. METHODS: A review of the literature on the topic was performed...
February 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149961/practice-variation-in-the-immediate-postoperative-care-of-pediatric-kidney-transplantation-a-national-survey
#17
S Abu-Sultaneh, M J Hobson, A C Wilson, W C Goggins, M E Nitu, R Lutfi
INTRODUCTION: Advances in organ allocation, surgical technique, immunosuppression, and long-term follow-up have led to a significant improvement in kidney transplant outcomes. Although there are clear recommendations for several aspects of kidney transplant management, there are no pediatric-specific guidelines for immediate postoperative care. The aim of this survey is to examine practice variations in the immediate postoperative care of pediatric kidney transplant patients. METHODS: We surveyed medical directors of Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI)-affiliated pediatric intensive care units regarding center-specific immediate postoperative management of pediatric kidney transplantation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144490/neonatal-lung-ultrasound-exam-guidelines
#18
D Kurepa, N Zaghloul, L Watkins, J Liu
Point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) is increasingly used especially in emergency and critical-care medicine. It is focused, quick and does not expose patients to ionizing radiation. It encompasses all organ systems and has well-defined indications. Lung ultrasound (LUS) represents one of the most exciting applications in the field of POC-US. It is particularly important to emphasize the role of LUS in neonatology due to the specific pathology inherent in lung immaturity as well as in the particular sensitivity of neonates to repeated radiation exposure...
January 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127960/thoracoscopic-lobectomy-for-congenital-lung-lesions
#19
REVIEW
Jarrett Moyer, Hanmin Lee, Lan Vu
Congenital lung lesions (CLLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of developmental and histologic entities often diagnosed on screening prenatal ultrasound. Most fetuses with CLL are asymptomatic at birth; however, the risk of malignancy and infection drives the decision to prophylactically resect these lesions. The authors describe their approach to minimally invasive lobectomy in children with CLLs, postoperative care, and management of procedure-specific complications.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124818/diagnosis-and-management-of-patients-with-enhanced-myometrial-vascularity-associated-with-retained-products-of-conception
#20
Yvette S Groszmann, Amie Lynn Healy Murphy, Beryl R Benacerraf
OBJECTIVES: We performed this study to assess the complication rate, including the estimated amount of blood loss, in patients who underwent dilation and curettage for treatment of retained products of conception with markedly enhanced myometrial vascularity mimicking arteriovenous malformations. METHODS: This is a retrospective medical records review study of patients with retained products of conception with enhanced myometrial vascularity presenting to our ultrasound unit between August 1, 2015 and August 1, 2017...
November 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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