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poc ultrasound

Nobuyuki Kosaka, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Tetsuji Kurokawa, Tsuyoshi Matsuda, Masayuki Kanamoto, Naoyuki Takei, Kenji Takata, Jin Takahashi, Yoshio Yoshida, Hirohiko Kimura
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the vascularity of retained products of conception (RPOC) using arterial spin-labeling magnetic resonance imaging (ASL-MRI) to clarify the clinical feasibility of this approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A pulsed-continuous ASL sequence with echo-planar imaging (EPI) acquisitions was used. Ten consecutive patients with RPOC were enrolled. All ASL images were evaluated visually and semiquantitatively and compared with the findings of Doppler ultrasound (US) and dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI)...
March 16, 2018: Magma
Noam Smorgick, Avital Mittler, Ido Ben-Ami, Ron Maymon, Zvi Vaknin, Moty Pansky
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether women who were surgically treated for retained products of conception (RPOC) by either suction curettage or hysteroscopy are at risk for recurrent RPOC on their subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 442 women surgically treated for RPOC following delivery or abortion by suction curettage (N = 63, 14.3%) or hysteroscopy (N = 379, 85.7%). Information on subsequent pregnancies and their outcomes was available for 161 (36...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Caroline Busche, Hans-Jörg Busch, Guido Michels
The use of Point-of-care ultrasonography (POC Ultrasonography) is getting more and more important in the bedside care of patients, especially in emergency- and intensive care units. In addition to the focused sonography of the heart, lungs and abdomen, the POC Ultrasonography recently includes also cases in prehospital care. Increasingly special applications in intensive care, e.g. the assessment of weaning from mechanical ventilation or evaluation of the hemodynamics of a patient by means of sonographic control, gain meaning...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Michael Allon, Peter B Imrey, Alfred K Cheung, Milena Radeva, Charles E Alpers, Gerald J Beck, Laura M Dember, Alik Farber, Tom Greene, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Thomas S Huber, James S Kaufman, John W Kusek, Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, Michelle L Robbin, Miguel A Vazquez, Harold I Feldman
BACKGROUND: Half of surgically created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) require additional intervention to effectively support hemodialysis. Postoperative care and complications may affect clinical maturation. STUDY DESIGN: Hemodialysis Fistula Maturation (HFM) Study, a 7-center prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 491 patients with single-stage AVFs who had neither thrombosis nor AVF intervention before a 6-week postoperative ultrasonographic examination and who required maintenance hemodialysis...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Carolina Coimbra Marinho, André Caldeira Grobério, Christiane Torres Felício da Silva, Thaysa Lorranne Fernandes de Lima, Rosiane Cristina Dos Santos, Lúcia Gomes de Araújo, Vivian Walter Dos Reis, George Luiz Lins Machado-Coelho
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advances of disease control programs, severe forms of schistosomiasis are prevalent. The prevalence of the disease in areas frequented by tourists urges for permanent prevention and control. The aim of this study was to describe the morbidity of schistosomiasis in the district of Antônio Pereira, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: The proportion of positives was defined by Kato-Katz coproscopy and urinary POC-CCA rapid test. Hepatosplenic form was diagnosed using abdominal ultrasound...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Anita M Buerger, Kevin R Clark
PURPOSE: To discuss the current and growing use of point-of-care (POC) ultrasound in the management and care of patients. METHODS: Several electronic research databases were searched to find articles that emphasized the use of POC ultrasound by health care providers who manage and treat critically ill or injured patients. Thirty-five relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were selected for this literature review. RESULTS: Common themes identified in the literature included the use of POC ultrasound in emergency medicine, military medicine, and remote care; comparison of POC ultrasound to other medical imaging modalities; investigation of the education and training required for nonimaging health care professionals who perform POC ultrasound in their practices; and discussion of the financial implications and limitations of POC ultrasound...
November 2017: Radiologic Technology
Fritz Fuller, Francisco Norman
Clinicians are increasingly becoming familiar with the value of limited, focused point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) to help answer discrete clinical questions. Ultrasound education is being taught in medical schools and physician assistant (PA) and PA postgraduate programs nationwide. This article introduces five basic POC ultrasound scans that can easily be mastered by practicing PAs.
December 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Asim Khan, Paris Hosseini, Branimir Nevajda, Sami Khan
A nine-week pregnant 33-year-old female presented with sudden-onset right-sided hemiparesis, hemisensory loss, dysarthria and homonymous hemianopia. She was known to have eleven previous miscarriages and used recreational drugs. A CT-head was unremarkable. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with an acute thromboembolic infarct and chose alteplase after counselling. During thrombolysis an ultrasound identified a foetus with no concerning features.  A post-thrombolysis CT revealed a left-sided posterior cerebral infarct...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Intra-articular (IA) corticosteroid (CS) injections are commonly used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. However, they are rarely utilized in haemophilic arthropathy. In fact, the efficacy of this method in haemophilic arthropathy is frequently discussed and debated in clinical practice. AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of IA CS injections in patients with painful haemophilic arthropathy. METHODS: A review of the literature on the topic was performed...
February 2018: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
S Abu-Sultaneh, M J Hobson, A C Wilson, W C Goggins, M E Nitu, R Lutfi
INTRODUCTION: Advances in organ allocation, surgical technique, immunosuppression, and long-term follow-up have led to a significant improvement in kidney transplant outcomes. Although there are clear recommendations for several aspects of kidney transplant management, there are no pediatric-specific guidelines for immediate postoperative care. The aim of this survey is to examine practice variations in the immediate postoperative care of pediatric kidney transplant patients. METHODS: We surveyed medical directors of Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI)-affiliated pediatric intensive care units regarding center-specific immediate postoperative management of pediatric kidney transplantation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
D Kurepa, N Zaghloul, L Watkins, J Liu
Point-of-care ultrasound (POC-US) is increasingly used especially in emergency and critical-care medicine. It is focused, quick and does not expose patients to ionizing radiation. It encompasses all organ systems and has well-defined indications. Lung ultrasound (LUS) represents one of the most exciting applications in the field of POC-US. It is particularly important to emphasize the role of LUS in neonatology due to the specific pathology inherent in lung immaturity as well as in the particular sensitivity of neonates to repeated radiation exposure...
January 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Jarrett Moyer, Hanmin Lee, Lan Vu
Congenital lung lesions (CLLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of developmental and histologic entities often diagnosed on screening prenatal ultrasound. Most fetuses with CLL are asymptomatic at birth; however, the risk of malignancy and infection drives the decision to prophylactically resect these lesions. The authors describe their approach to minimally invasive lobectomy in children with CLLs, postoperative care, and management of procedure-specific complications.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
Yvette S Groszmann, Amie Lynn Healy Murphy, Beryl R Benacerraf
OBJECTIVES: We performed this study to assess the complication rate, including the estimated amount of blood loss, in patients who underwent dilation and curettage for treatment of retained products of conception with markedly enhanced myometrial vascularity mimicking arteriovenous malformations. METHODS: This is a retrospective medical records review study of patients with retained products of conception with enhanced myometrial vascularity presenting to our ultrasound unit between August 1, 2015 and August 1, 2017...
November 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Meghana Gudala, Mahmuda Ahmed, Rushika Conroy, Ksenia Tonyushkina
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia due to a pancreatic beta cell neoplasm - insulinoma, is uncommon with only a few cases described. We report on a previously healthy 15-year-old Hispanic female with insulinoma who presented with a loss of consciousness due to hypoglycemia unawareness. CASE PRESENTATION: EM was first brought to the emergency department (ED) after she was found unresponsive at home with point of care (POC) glucose of 29 mg/dL(1.6 mmol/L) documented by emergency medical services (EMS) upon arrival...
2017: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
Yuko Iraha, Masahiro Okada, Masafumi Toguchi, Kimei Azama, Keiko Mekaru, Tadatsugu Kinjo, Wataru Kudaka, Yoichi Aoki, Hajime Aoyama, Akiko Matsuzaki, Sadayuki Murayama
Secondary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and postabortion hemorrhage are rare complications. Retained products of conception (RPOC) is among the most common causes of both secondary PPH and postabortion hemorrhage. Other less common causes of secondary PPH are uterine vascular abnormalities such as arteriovenous malformations and pseudoaneurysms. These are usually related to a history of a procedure such as dilation and curettage or cesarean delivery. Subinvolution of the placental site is an idiopathic cause of secondary PPH; this condition may be underrecognized and therefore could have a higher incidence than currently reported...
January 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Nicola Baker, Richard Amini, Elaine H Situ-LaCasse, Josie Acuña, Tomas Nuño, Uwe Stolz, Srikar Adhikari
STUDY OBJECTIVE: There is significant overlap between the symptoms of patients presenting with retinal detachment (RD) and posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). Urgency to obtain consultation and treatment are dependent on the ability to accurately distinguish these two conditions. The objective of this study was to determine the ability of emergency physicians to differentiate RDs from PVDs using point-of-care (POC) ocular ultrasound. METHODS: Single blinded cross-sectional study at an academic medical center...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Chencheng Xie, Khalil Aloreidi, Bhavesh Patel, Timothy Ridgway, Thavam Thambi-Pillai, Gary Timmerman, Adeel Khan, Muslim Atiq
Pre-operative evaluation of biliary strictures remains challenging. The dilemma that exists is how to balance the risk of failing to detect malignancy and the potential morbidity caused by unnecessary surgery in patients with benign etiologies. With emerging novel diagnostic modalities, this study aims to assess the efficacy of diagnostic techniques and facilitate a clinical approach to indeterminate biliary strictures. Areas covered: Conventional imaging modalities are crucial in identifying the location of a stricture and are helpful for choosing further diagnostic modalities...
February 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Melisa Lelic, Zlatan Fatusic, Ermina Iljazovic, Suada Ramic, Sergije Markovic, Selma Alicelebic
INTRODUCTION: Hydatidiform moles (HM), presenting as complete (CHM) and partial (PHM) form, are rare pregnancy disorder. Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation, ultrasound imaging findings and pathological examination of products of conception. Protein p57, encoded by CKDN1C gene, is paternally imprinted and maternally expressed gene and provides quick insight in genetic basis of HM and allows distinction of CHM from all other conceptions. compare the preevacuational and pathohistological diagnosis with outcome of p57 immunostaining...
August 2017: Medical Archives
Catherine H Phillips, Jeremy R Wortman, Elizabeth S Ginsburg, Aaron D Sodickson, Peter M Doubilet, Bharti Khurana
The purpose of this article is to help the practitioner ensure early diagnosis and response to emergencies in the first trimester by reviewing anatomy of the developing embryo, highlighting the sonographic appearance of common first-trimester emergencies, and discussing key management pathways for treating emergent cases. First-trimester fetal development is a stepwise process that can be challenging to evaluate in the emergency department (ED) setting. This is due, in part, to the complex anatomy of early pregnancy, subtlety of the sonographic findings, and the fact that fewer than half of patients with ectopic pregnancy present with the classic clinical findings of a positive pregnancy test, vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and tender adnexa...
February 2018: Emergency Radiology
Luis Alonso, Laura Nieto, Jose Carugno
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for hysteroscopic removal of retained products of conception (RPOC) implanted over an area of adenomyosis. DESIGN: A case report (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: RPOC is an unfortunate complication that may occur after the resolution of a normal pregnancy; it is more common after early pregnancy termination or spontaneous miscarriage [1]. Immediate consequences of RPOC include persistent vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, pelvic infection, fever, and dilated cervix...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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